American musicians born in 1904

Here are 50 famous musicians from United States of America were born in 1904:

Joan Crawford

Joan Crawford (March 23, 1904 San Antonio-May 10, 1977 New York City) also known as Lucille Fay LeSueur, Billie Cassin, Lucille Le Sueur, Billie or Cranberry was an American singer, pin-up girl, actor, dancer, film producer and screenwriter. She had four children, Christina Crawford, Cynthia Crawford, Cathy Crawford and Christopher Crawford.

Crawford began her career as a dancer in the chorus line of Broadway productions before transitioning to film. She signed with Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer (MGM) in the 1920s and appeared in many silent films, including "Our Dancing Daughters" (1928). Crawford's fame skyrocketed in the 1930s with her roles in films such as "Grand Hotel" (1932), "The Women" (1939), and "Mildred Pierce" (1945), for which she won an Academy Award for Best Actress.

Throughout her career, Crawford was known for her strong, independent characters and her strikingly beautiful looks. She was also notorious for her perfectionism on set and her strict control of her public image. In her later years, she became known for her tireless work for charities and her support of the United Service Organizations (USO).

Crawford's personal life was also marked by controversy, including her turbulent relationship with her daughter, Christina, who wrote a scathing tell-all book about her mother after her death. Despite this, Crawford's legacy as one of Hollywood's most iconic actresses has endured, and she is remembered as a symbol of glamour, talent, and perseverance.

In addition to her successful career in Hollywood, Crawford was also a trendsetter in fashion and beauty. Her signature bold shoulder pads and exaggerated eyebrows became popular trends in the 1930s and 1940s, and she was considered a style icon of her time. Crawford was also known for her strict beauty regime, which included daily exercise, cold cream on her face, and sleeping with her head elevated to prevent wrinkles.

Crawford was married four times, to actors Douglas Fairbanks Jr., Franchot Tone, and Phillip Terry, as well as Pepsi-Cola CEO Alfred Steele. She had a tumultuous relationship with her adopted daughter, Christina, who accused her mother of physical and emotional abuse in her memoir "Mommie Dearest", which was later adapted into a popular film of the same name. Crawford vehemently denied the accusations until her death.

After retiring from acting in the 1970s, Crawford continued to be an active supporter of various charities and causes. She was recognized for her humanitarian work with the Jean Hersholt Humanitarian Award at the 1971 Academy Awards. Crawford died in 1977 at the age of 73, leaving behind a legacy as one of Hollywood's most iconic stars.

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Fats Waller

Fats Waller (May 21, 1904 New York City-December 15, 1943 Kansas City) also known as Waller Fats, Thomas Wright Waller, Thomas 'Fats' Walter, Thomas "Fats" Waller, Waller, Fats, J. Lawrence Cook, Thomas Wright "Fats or Waller was an American composer, musician, comedian, singer, organist and jazz pianist.

Discography: Breakin' The Ice: The Early Years, Part 1 (1934-1935), I'm Gonna Sit Right Down: The Early Years (1935-1936), The Chronological Classics: Fats Waller 1940-1941, Best of the War Years (V-disc), Portrait, Volume 1, A Handfull of Fats, 20.3003-HI: Believe in Miracles, Ain't Misbehavin' [Past Perfect], This Is So Nice, It Must Be Illegal and Classic Jazz From Rare Piano Rolls. Genres he performed include Jazz, Stride, Swing music, Ragtime and Dixieland.

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Glenn Miller

Glenn Miller (March 1, 1904 Clarinda-December 15, 1944 English Channel) also known as Glen Miller, Miller Glenn, Capt. Glenn Miller or Alton Glenn Miller was an American bandleader, trombonist, musician, composer and film score composer. He had two children, Joannie Miller and Steven Miller.

Related albums: Greatest Hits, The Missing Chapters, Volume 2: Keep 'em Flying, The Missing Chapters: Volume 5: Complete Abbey Road Recordings, The Missing Chapters: Volume 9: King Porter Stomp, Sun Valley Serenade & Orchestra Wives, Jazz Moods - Hot, Glenn Miller, 20 Classic Tracks, 20 Golden Hits and 36 All-Time Greatest Hits. His related genres: Swing music, Big Band and Jazz.

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Count Basie

Count Basie (August 21, 1904 Red Bank-April 26, 1984 Hollywood) also known as Count Baise, Count Bassie, Count Basie Bunch, The Count Basie Bunch, William Basie, Willaim Basie, William Allen Basie, The Kid from Red Bank, Count Basie and His Orchestra, Count Basie and His Band, The Count, William James Basie or Count Basie (with Bennie Moten Orchestra) was an American bandleader, musician, composer, organist, jazz pianist, actor and songwriter.

His albums include Basie One More Time, Basie's Bag, Verve Jazz Masters 2, The Count Basie Gold Collection, Jazz 'Round Midnight, EMI Jazz Masters, America's #1 Band: The Columbia Years, Jazz Moods: Hot, The Jazz Biography and The Complete Clef/Verve Count Basie Fifties Studio Recordings. Genres he performed include Swing music, Piano blues, Big Band and Jazz.

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Nathan Milstein

Nathan Milstein (January 13, 1904 Odessa-December 21, 1992 London) a.k.a. Nathan Mironovic Milstein or Milstein, Nathan was an American author and violinist.

His albums include The Art of Nathan Milstein (disc 1), Violin Concertos, The 1946 Library of Congress Recital, Brahms: Violin Sonata No. 3 / Beethoven: “Moonlight” Sonata, Vignettes: 24 Favorite Miniatures, Tchaikovsky - Mendelssohn : Violinkonzerte and . His related genres: Classical music.

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Ray Bolger

Ray Bolger (January 10, 1904 Dorchester-January 15, 1987 Los Angeles) otherwise known as Raymond Wallace Bulcao, Bolger, Ray, Raymond Wallace Bolger or Raymond Wallace "Ray" Bolger was an American singer, actor and dancer.

He is best known for his role as the Scarecrow in the 1939 film adaptation of "The Wizard of Oz." Bolger started his career as a vaudeville performer before transitioning to Broadway and film. He starred in a number of Broadway shows, including "By Jupiter" and "On Your Toes," for which he won a Tony Award. Bolger continued to work in film and television throughout his career, appearing in movies such as "Babes in Toyland" and "The Harvey Girls." In addition to his acting and dancing career, Bolger was also a painter and illustrator. He passed away in 1987 at the age of 83.

Born in Boston, Bolger started performing in his teen years, and eventually made his way to Hollywood in the mid-1930s. He initially struggled to find work, but his breakthrough came in 1936 when he was cast in the Broadway musical "On Your Toes." This led to a successful film career, with Bolger known for his comedic talent and unique dance style. Bolger was also a frequent guest on television, making numerous appearances on programs like "The Ed Sullivan Show" and "The Hollywood Palace." In addition to his performance work, Bolger was also an advocate for animal rights and a supporter of various charities. He was posthumously inducted into the American Theater Hall of Fame in 1992.

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Coleman Hawkins

Coleman Hawkins (November 21, 1904 St. Joseph-May 19, 1969 New York City) also known as Coleman Randolph Hawkins, Coleman Hawkings, C . Hawkins, Hawkins, Coleman, Hawk or Bean was an American musician, actor and saxophonist.

His albums: The Hawk Relaxes, Verve Jazz Masters 34, Storyville Masters of Jazz, Volume 12: Coleman Hawkins, Body and Soul, Centennial Collection, A Retrospective: 1929-1963, Bean & The Boys, Bean and the Boys, Bean Stalkin' and Blues Groove (With Tiny Grimes). Genres he performed: Swing music and Bebop.

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Pete Johnson

Pete Johnson (March 25, 1904 Kansas City-March 23, 1967 Buffalo) also known as Johnson, Pete was an American jazz pianist.

His albums include The Chronological Classics: Pete Johnson 1939-1941, The Chronological Classics: Pete Johnson 1947-1949, The Chronological Classics: Pete Johnson 1938-1939, The Chronological Classics: Pete Johnson 1944-1946, King of Boogie, With Pete Johnson's Orchestra - Tell Me Pretty Baby, The Boogie Woogie Trio, Volumes 1 & 2, Cherry Red / Baby Look at You, Roll 'em Pete / Goin' Away Blues and 8 to the Bar. His related genres: Jazz, Boogie-woogie, Blues and Stride.

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Pinetop Smith

Pinetop Smith (June 11, 1904 Troy-March 15, 1929 Chicago) otherwise known as Pine Top Smith, Clarence Smith, Smith, Pinetop, Clarence 'Pine Top' Smith or Smith, Clarence was an American comedian, singer and pianist.

His albums: Pine Top's Boogie Woogie / Pine Top Blues. His related genres: Blues and Boogie-woogie.

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Mack Gordon

Mack Gordon (June 21, 1904 Warsaw-March 1, 1959 New York City) a.k.a. Morris Gittler was an American songwriter, composer, lyricist, film score composer and actor.

From an early age, Gordon showed a keen interest in music and musical theater. He began his career in the music industry as a sheet music salesman, and later went on to work as a pianist and lyricist. His big break came when he was hired by Paramount Pictures in the 1930s to write songs for their films.

Over the years, Gordon worked on many hit songs, including "Chattanooga Choo Choo", "At Last", and "I Had the Craziest Dream". He collaborated with some of the most famous composers and lyricists of the time, including Harry Warren, Johnny Mercer, and Harold Arlen.

Gordon was also a prolific film score composer, and wrote music for more than 100 films. He received several Oscar nominations for his work, including for the song "The More I See You" from the film "Diamond Horseshoe" in 1945.

In addition to his work in the music industry, Gordon also made several appearances as an actor in films and television shows. He was inducted into the Songwriters Hall of Fame in 1972, and his contributions to the music industry continue to be celebrated today.

Gordon's songs were performed by some of the most popular musicians of his time, such as Glenn Miller, Frank Sinatra, and Billie Holiday. His collaboration with composer Harry Warren produced many of his biggest hits, including "42nd Street" and "Lulu's Back in Town". Gordon's success in the music industry led him to co-found the publishing company, Witmark-Gordon Music. He also served as a vice-president of the American Society of Composers, Authors, and Publishers (ASCAP), where he was credited with helping to increase royalties for composers and songwriters. Despite his many achievements, Gordon struggled with alcoholism and died at the young age of 54. His contributions to the popular music of the early 20th century are still remembered and celebrated today.

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Horace Henderson

Horace Henderson (November 22, 1904 Cuthbert-August 29, 1988 Denver) also known as Henderson, Horace was an American bandleader and jazz pianist.

Genres he performed: Jazz.

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Raymond Burke

Raymond Burke (June 6, 1904 New Orleans-May 21, 1986) also known as Raymond Barrois was an American , .

Raymond Burke was an American jazz clarinetist known for his distinctive sound and virtuosity on the instrument. He began his music career in New Orleans, playing in local bands and working as a session musician for various record labels. Burke's playing was heavily influenced by the New Orleans jazz style, which emphasized improvisation and collective interaction among the musicians.

In the 1920s, Burke moved to Chicago and joined the band of legendary jazz pianist Earl Hines. He played with Hines for several years and became known for his stunning solos and improvisational skills. Burke's playing style was characterized by his fast, fluid runs and his ability to create complex melodies on the fly.

During the 1930s and 1940s, Burke played with a number of prominent jazz musicians, including Benny Goodman, Louis Armstrong, and Duke Ellington. He also worked as a sideman for many big bands and played on numerous recordings.

Despite his success as a jazz musician, Burke struggled with alcoholism throughout his life. He died in 1986 at the age of 81, leaving behind a legacy as one of the greatest clarinetists in jazz history.

Burke was born Raymond Barrois in New Orleans to Creole parents. He was raised in the French Quarter, an area known for its vibrant music scene. Burke began playing clarinet at a young age and quickly gained a reputation as a skilled musician. He was influenced by the traditional jazz of New Orleans, which he later incorporated into his own style.

At the age of 21, Burke joined the band of Tubby Hall, a well-known jazz musician of the time. He also played with Sidney Desvigne and Sharkey Bonano. In 1929, Burke moved to Chicago, where he joined Earl Hines' Grand Terrace Orchestra. It was during this time that Burke's playing began to receive national attention. He played with Hines until 1932, when he joined Benny Goodman's orchestra.

Burke's work with Goodman gave him exposure to a wider audience, and he became known as one of the top clarinetists of his time. He also played with Louis Armstrong's band during the mid-1930s. Burke's virtuosity on the clarinet can be heard on many of Armstrong's recordings from that period.

In the late 1930s, Burke played with Duke Ellington's orchestra, making notable contributions to recordings such as "Concerto for Cootie" and "Diminuendo and Crescendo in Blue." He also worked as a session musician for various record labels, playing on recordings by Billie Holiday, Lester Young, and other notable jazz artists.

Despite his success as a musician, Burke battled alcoholism throughout his life. He continued to play and record music, but his career was frequently interrupted by stays in rehab and hospitalizations. In the 1970s, Burke moved back to New Orleans and played with local jazz musicians. He died in 1986 at the age of 81. His legacy as one of the greatest clarinetists in jazz history lives on through his recordings and the influence he had on generations of musicians.

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Willie Mae Ford Smith

Willie Mae Ford Smith (June 23, 1904 Rolling Fork-February 2, 1994) also known as Smith, Willie Mae Ford was an American singer.

Her related genres: Gospel music.

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Eddie DeLange

Eddie DeLange (January 15, 1904 Long Island-July 15, 1949 Los Angeles) also known as DeLange, Eddie or E. DeLange was an American songwriter.

DeLange began his career in the music industry as a vocalist in the 1920s, working with various orchestras and bands. However, it was his talent as a songwriter that brought him the greatest success. He collaborated with some of the biggest names in the business, including Duke Ellington, Jimmy Van Heusen, and Will Hudson, and wrote lyrics for hits such as "Heaven Can Wait" and "Darn That Dream." DeLange was also a co-founder of the publishing company Mills Music, which later became part of Warner Chappell Music. Despite his success, DeLange struggled with personal demons, including alcoholism, and died of a heart attack in 1949 at the age of 45. He was posthumously inducted into the Songwriters Hall of Fame in 1972.

In addition to writing lyrics, Eddie DeLange also wrote music and was known for his ability to craft beautiful melodies. One of his most famous compositions was the song "Moonlight Serenade," which he co-wrote with Glenn Miller. The song became a huge hit and has since become a jazz standard.

DeLange's success as a songwriter led to him working in Hollywood, where he wrote songs for a number of films. He also wrote the lyrics to the song "A-Tisket, A-Tasket," which became a hit for Ella Fitzgerald.

Despite his struggles with alcoholism, Eddie DeLange remained active in the music industry until his death. He was a popular figure in the New York nightclub scene and continued to work as a songwriter and music publisher.

Today, DeLange's songs and compositions continue to be performed and recorded by musicians around the world. His contributions to the American popular music canon are widely recognized, and he is remembered as one of the greatest songwriters of the 20th century.

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Jack Owens

Jack Owens (November 17, 1904 Bentonia-February 9, 1997 Yazoo City) was an American singer, musician, farmer and songwriter.

Genres related to him: Delta blues, Rhythm and blues, Gospel music and Folk music.

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Igor Gorin

Igor Gorin (October 26, 1904 Horodok-March 24, 1982) was an American singer.

Born in Ukraine, Gorin showed early signs of musical talent, beginning his formal voice training at the age of eight. After immigrating to the United States in 1928, he quickly established himself as an operatic baritone, performing at the Metropolitan Opera and in concerts throughout the country. Gorin also appeared frequently on radio and television, gaining a wide following for his rich, expressive voice and dramatic stage presence. In addition to his performing career, Gorin was also a respected vocal coach and teacher, mentoring a number of prominent singers including Robert Merrill and Jan Peerce.

Throughout his career, Igor Gorin was known for his interpretation of Russian and Italian music, including roles in productions of Tchaikovsky's "Eugene Onegin" and Verdi's "Rigoletto." His versatility as a singer allowed him to perform a wide range of repertoire, from popular songs to operatic arias. During World War II, Gorin entertained troops overseas with the USO, and he continued to perform and teach until his retirement in the 1970s. His legacy as a singer and teacher has continued through his books on vocal technique and the Igor Gorin Memorial Award, which is given annually to promising young singers.

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Frieda Belinfante

Frieda Belinfante (May 10, 1904 Amsterdam-April 26, 1995 Santa Fe) was an American conductor.

She was born in Amsterdam, Netherlands, and studied music at the Amsterdam Conservatory. She became the first woman conductor to conduct major symphony orchestras in Europe and North America. In addition to performing symphonies, she also composed music for films and television. During World War II, she was an active member of the Dutch resistance, hiding Jewish children and others from the Nazis. After the war, she moved to the United States and continued her career in music, eventually settling in Santa Fe, New Mexico. She was also a lesbian and an advocate for LGBTQ+ rights.

In Santa Fe, Frieda Belinfante established a music school that quickly became known for its innovative teaching methods. The school attracted students from all over the world, and many would go on to become successful musicians themselves. Belinfante was also active in the local LGBTQ+ community and worked to raise awareness of issues affecting the community. She was particularly passionate about promoting equality for women in the music industry and often spoke out against discrimination. In 1991, she was awarded the Order of Oranje-Nassau by the Dutch government for her work during World War II. Today, she is remembered not only for her significant contributions to the world of music but also for her bravery and dedication to social justice.

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Jan August

Jan August (September 24, 1904-January 9, 1976) otherwise known as Jan Auggustoff was an American , .

Jan August was an American pianist, arranger, and bandleader. He was born in New York City in 1904 and started playing the piano at a young age. August began his career playing in various jazz bands in the early 1920s and by the 1930s he had formed his own band, "Jan August and his Trio." They played in various clubs in New York City and on radio shows.

In the 1940s, August became a popular recording artist, releasing numerous albums under the Decca label. He was known for his boogie-woogie and ragtime piano playing, which became very popular during the swing era. August also made several appearances in movies during this time, including the 1944 film "Jam Session."

August continued to perform throughout the 1950s and 1960s, and even had his own television show in the 1950s called "The Jan August Show." He passed away in 1976 at the age of 71, but his signature piano style continues to inspire musicians to this day.

In addition to his successful music career, Jan August was also a composer and arranger. He wrote the music for several films, including "Paris Follies of 1956" and "Live Fast, Die Young" in 1958. August also arranged music for other artists, including Benny Goodman and the Andrews Sisters.

As an innovator in the music industry, Jan August was one of the first pianists to experiment with electronic instruments. He incorporated the electric organ into his performances in the 1950s, which was a new sound for the time.

August was also a philanthropist and used his talent to help others. He performed in various benefit concerts for charities, including the NYC Cancer Committee and The U.S. Committee for UNICEF.

Overall, Jan August left a lasting impact on the music industry and was known for his distinctive piano style and contributions to jazz, swing, and popular music.

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Ikey Robinson

Ikey Robinson (July 28, 1904 Dublin-October 25, 1990) was an American , .

born in Dublin, Ireland, but raised in London, England. He was a highly regarded jazz pianist and composer, known for his unique style that combined elements of swing, blues, and Dixieland. Robinson began his career in London in the 1920s, but made a name for himself in the United States after moving there in 1925. He recorded with notable musicians such as Louis Armstrong, Benny Carter, and Coleman Hawkins. Robinson is also credited with creating the melody for the song "Chinatown, My Chinatown," which became a jazz standard. Later in life, Robinson opened a music store in New York City and continued to play and record music. He was inducted into the Alabama Jazz Hall of Fame in 1995, recognizing his impact on the development of jazz music in the United States.

In addition to being a skilled pianist and composer, Ikey Robinson was also a gifted arranger and bandleader. He led his own bands throughout the 1930s and 1940s, which included prominent musicians such as Bunny Berigan and Charlie Barnet. Robinson was also a sought-after session musician, and his contributions can be heard on recordings by many of the era's top jazz artists.

Despite his success in the music industry, Robinson faced numerous challenges due to his race, particularly during the height of segregation and discrimination in the United States. He often had to perform in venues and hotels that refused to allow African American guests, and had to navigate a segregated society while on tour.

Despite these obstacles, Robinson remained dedicated to his craft and continued to be recognized throughout his life for his contributions to jazz music. In addition to his induction into the Alabama Jazz Hall of Fame, he was recognized by the National Endowment for the Arts with a National Heritage Fellowship in 1988.

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Alice Swanson Esty

Alice Swanson Esty (November 8, 1904-July 21, 2000) was an American singer.

She was born in Boston, Massachusetts and began her singing career in the 1920s. Esty was known for her clear, powerful voice and her ability to evoke emotion in her performances. She sang in various venues across the United States and recorded several albums throughout her career. In addition to her singing, Esty was also an advocate for music education and helped establish the Alice E. Swanson Esty Scholarship Fund for students pursuing music degrees. She passed away in 2000 at the age of 96.

Esty had a diverse repertoire, ranging from traditional American songs to popular music of the time. She was also known for her performances of choral works, such as Handel's "Messiah" and Bach's "St. Matthew Passion." Esty spent several years living and performing in Europe before returning to the United States.

In addition to her musical career, Esty was heavily involved in philanthropy. She supported numerous charitable organizations, focusing particularly on those that provided music education to young people. She also served on the boards of several music organizations, including the Boston Symphony Orchestra and the Tanglewood Music Center.

Esty received numerous awards and honors throughout her lifetime, including a Grammy Award for her recording of Handel's "Messiah." In 1992, she was inducted into the American Classical Music Hall of Fame. Esty's legacy lives on through the scholarship fund she established, which continues to support young musicians pursuing their dreams.

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Jess Stacy

Jess Stacy (August 11, 1904 Bird's Point-January 1, 1995 Los Angeles) otherwise known as Jesse Alexandria Stacy, Stacy, Jess or Jess Stacey was an American jazz pianist.

Discography: The Chronological Classics: Jess Stacy 1944-1950, The Chronological Classics: Jess Stacy 1935-1939 and The Chronological Classics: Jess Stacy 1951-1956. Genres: Jazz.

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Art Hodes

Art Hodes (November 14, 1904 Mykolaiv-March 4, 1993 Harvey) also known as Hodes, Art was an American musician and jazz pianist.

Related albums: Bucket's Got a Hole in It, Bucket's Got a Hole in It, Just the Two of Us and I Remember Bessie. Genres he performed: Jazz.

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Bill Coleman

Bill Coleman (August 4, 1904 Paris-August 24, 1981 Toulouse) a.k.a. Coleman, Bill or William Johnson Coleman was an American musician, trumpeter and film score composer.

His albums: Jazz in Paris Collector's Edition: From Boogie to Funk, Bill Coleman in Paris 1936-1938, 20.3017-HI: Cuttin' Out (disc 1), Three Generation Jam, Jazz in Paris: The Complete Philips Recordings, The Chronological Classics: Bill Coleman 1951-1952, The Chronological Classics: Bill Coleman 1936-1938, The Chronological Classics: Bill Coleman 1940-1949 and The Chronological Classics: Bill Coleman 1952-1953. Genres he performed: Jazz.

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Dewey 'Pigmeat' Markham

Dewey 'Pigmeat' Markham (April 18, 1904 Durham-December 13, 1981 The Bronx) a.k.a. Dewey Markham, Markham, Dewey 'Pigmeat' or Pigmeat Markham was an American comedian, singer and actor.

His most well known albums: Here Come the Judge, The Crap-Shootin' Rev., Here Comes the Judge / The Trial, Sock It to ’em Judge / The Hip Judge and Let's Have Some Heat / Your Wires Have Been Tapped.

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Tampa Red

Tampa Red (January 8, 1904 Smithville-March 19, 1981 Chicago) a.k.a. Hudson Whittaker was an American singer.

His most recognized albums: The Essential Tampa Red, The Story of the Guitar Wizard (1928-1940), Bottleneck Guitar 1928-1937, The Blues Collection 51: The Guitar Wizard, I'll Kill Your Soul / If I Let You Get Away With It, Boogie Woogie Woman / I Won't Let Her Do It, I Got a Right to Be Blue / Don't Deal With the Devil, Nutty and Buggy Blues / Stormy Sea Blues, Chicago Moan Blues / Moanin' Heart Blues and Sugar Mama Blues No. 2 / Black Angel Blues. Genres: Chicago blues.

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Jimmy Dorsey

Jimmy Dorsey (February 29, 1904 Shenandoah-June 12, 1957 New York City) also known as James Francis Dorsey or Dorsey, Jimmy was an American bandleader, composer, musician, clarinetist, saxophonist and trumpeter.

His most well known albums: The Jazz Masters, The Classic Tracks, Presenting, Live in New York 1955-1956, Swingin' In Hollywood, New York Jazz in the Roaring Twenties, Volume 2, Casino Gardens Ballroom 1946, Jimmy Dorsey, The Fabulous Dorseys (Legends of American Music) and Giants of the Big Band Era. Genres related to him: Swing music, Dixieland and Big Band.

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Mississippi Fred McDowell

Mississippi Fred McDowell (January 12, 1904 Rossville-July 3, 1972 Memphis) also known as Fred McDowell, Mississippi Fred McDow, McDowell, Mississippi Fred, Missisippi Fred McDowell or McDowell, Missisippi Fred was an American singer, musician and songwriter.

His albums: Mississippi Delta Blues, I Do Not Play No Rock 'n' Roll, The Best of Mississippi Fred McDowell, I Do Not Play No Rock 'n' Roll, Live at the Mayfair Hotel, My Home Is in the Delta, Standing at the Burying Ground, Steakbone Slide Guitar, The First Recordings and You Gotta Move. Genres he performed: Delta blues.

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Phil Harris

Phil Harris (June 24, 1904 Linton-August 11, 1995 Rancho Mirage) also known as Wonga Philip Harris, Harris, Phil, Phil Harris and His Orchestra, Wonga Harris, Wonga Phillip "Phil" Harris or Wonga Phillip Harris was an American singer, actor, comedian, songwriter, musician, voice actor and soldier. He had three children, Alice Harris, Phyllis Harris and Phil Harris, Jr.

His albums include That's What I Like About Phil Harris and The Thing About Phil Harris.

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Lucia Pamela

Lucia Pamela (May 1, 1904 St. Louis-July 25, 2002) otherwise known as Pamela, Lucia was an American , . She had one child, Georgia Frontiere.

Her albums include Into Outer Space With Lucia Pamela.

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Jazz Gillum

Jazz Gillum (September 11, 1904 Indianola-March 29, 1966 Chicago) a.k.a. Bill McKinley, Bill Jazz Gillum (Bill McKinley), Bill "Jazz" Gillum, Bill Jazz Gillum or Gillum, Jazz was an American musician.

His albums include Complete Recorded Works, Volume 4, The Bluebird Recordings 1934 - 1938 and Reckless Rider Blues / Look on Yonder Wall. Genres he performed: Chicago blues.

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Helen Kane

Helen Kane (August 4, 1904 The Bronx-September 26, 1966 Jackson Heights) a.k.a. Helen Schroeder or Helen Clare Schroeder was an American singer and actor.

Her albums: 1928 -1930 and I Wanna Be Loved by You / Is There Anything Wrong in That?.

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Jan Peerce

Jan Peerce (June 3, 1904 Lower East Side-December 15, 1984 New Rochelle) also known as Jacob Pincus Perlemuth or Pinkie was an American hazzan, actor and opera singer. His child is Larry Peerce.

Related albums: Jan Peerce Sings Yiddish Folk Songs, , Jan Peerce Sings Hebrew Melodies, Jan Peerce Sings Songs From "Fiddler on the Roof" and Ten Classics of Jewish Folk Son, Carmen: RCA Victor and Symphony no. 9 "Choral" / Choral Fantasy for Piano and Orchestra.

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Russ Morgan

Russ Morgan (April 29, 1904 Scranton-August 7, 1969) was an American organist and music arranger.

He was also a prolific composer and bandleader, best known for his swing and dance orchestra. Morgan's early career began in his hometown of Scranton, where he played organ in movie theaters and performed at local events. In the 1930s, he moved to New York City and formed his own band, which quickly gained popularity due to his innovative arrangements and energetic performances. Morgan recorded numerous hit records throughout the 1940s and 1950s, including "The Merry-Go-Round Broke Down" and "Does Your Heart Beat for Me?". He also appeared in several films and television programs, showcasing his musical talents to a wider audience. Morgan continued to tour and perform until his death in 1969, leaving behind a legacy as one of the most important figures in American swing music.

In addition to his successful music career, Russ Morgan was also a talented athlete. He played semi-professional baseball in his younger years and later became an avid golfer. Morgan even invented a golf club, known as "The Russ Morgan Rhythm Club," which he used to help improve his swing.

Morgan's influence on popular music was significant, as his innovative arrangements and unique style inspired and influenced many other musicians in the swing era. He was also a mentor to a number of aspiring musicians, including Tony Bennett and Mickey Rooney.

Despite his success, Morgan remained humble and dedicated to his craft throughout his career. He once remarked, "I've been very lucky, but luck doesn't mean a thing if you don't have the ability to take advantage of it." Today, he is remembered as one of the greatest bandleaders and swing musicians of all time.

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Sam Theard

Sam Theard (October 10, 1904 New Orleans-December 7, 1982 Los Angeles) also known as Lovin' Sam Theard, Spo-De-Odee, Samuel Allen Theard, Sam Theard 'Spo-Dee-Odee', Spo-De-O-de, Spo Dee O Dee, Lovin' Sam from Down in 'Bam, Sam Tarpley or Spo-Dee-O-Dee was an American actor, comedian, singer-songwriter and film score composer.

His albums include Boogie - Woogie Barbershop.

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Seger Ellis

Seger Ellis (July 4, 1904 Houston-September 29, 1995 Houston) a.k.a. Ellis, Seger was an American singer.

His albums include Shine on Harvest Moon / St James Infirmary. Genres he performed include Jazz.

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Jerry Colonna

Jerry Colonna (September 17, 1904 Boston-November 21, 1986 Woodland Hills) a.k.a. Gerardo Luigi Colonna or Gerardo Luigi "Jerry" Colonna was an American comedian, voice actor, actor, songwriter, singer, trombonist, musician and author. He had one child, Robert Colonna.

His albums: Music? For Screaming!!!.

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Hal Kemp

Hal Kemp (March 27, 1904 Marion-December 21, 1940 Madera) also known as James Harold "Hal" Kemp, James Hal Kemp or Hal Kemp and His Orchestra was an American musician, composer and bandleader.

Genres related to him: Swing music, Jazz and Big Band.

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Tricky Sam Nanton

Tricky Sam Nanton (February 1, 1904 New York City-July 20, 1946 San Francisco) a.k.a. Joe Tricky Sam Nanton , Nanton, Tricky Sam, J. Nanton, Josef Nanton, Joseph Nanton or Nanton, Joe was an American trombonist.

Genres he performed include Jazz and Swing music.

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Anthony Galla-Rini

Anthony Galla-Rini (January 18, 1904 Manchester-July 30, 2006) also known as Galla-Rini, Anthony was an American , .

accordionist, composer, and teacher. He is widely considered as the father of the modern concert accordion. Galla-Rini's family moved to the United States when he was a child, and he began playing the accordion at a young age. He eventually became an accomplished musician, and in the 1930s he began touring and performing across the country. He also composed many pieces for the accordion, some of which are still performed today. In addition to his performances and compositions, Galla-Rini was also a respected teacher, and he taught at several institutions throughout his career. He was a founding member of the Accordionists and Teachers Guild, International (ATG), and in 1990 he was inducted into the ATG's Hall of Fame. Despite suffering from blindness in his later years, Galla-Rini continued to compose and teach until his death at the age of 102.

Galla-Rini's contribution to the development of the concert accordion was significant. He worked with various accordion manufacturers to make improvements to the instrument's design so that it could be used in a wider range of musical genres. His efforts helped to elevate the accordion from a folk instrument to a sophisticated concert instrument.

As a composer, Galla-Rini wrote music that pushed the boundaries of what was traditionally played on the accordion. He incorporated elements of classical music, jazz, pop, and other genres into his compositions, and his works continue to be studied and performed by accordionists today.

Aside from his musical career, Galla-Rini was also an accomplished linguist, fluent in several languages. He used his language skills to translate music from other countries into English, making it more accessible to American audiences.

Galla-Rini's impact on the accordion world is still felt today. He helped to create a new standard for accordion playing and composition, and his dedication to the instrument inspired many others to pursue careers in music.

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Valaida Snow

Valaida Snow (June 2, 1904 Chattanooga-May 30, 1956 New York City) otherwise known as Snow, Valaida or Valaida was an American musician.

Her discography includes: The Chronological Classics: Valaida Snow 1933-1936, The Chronological Classics: Valaida Snow 1937-1940, The Chronological Classics: Valaida Snow 1940-1953 and .

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Donald Lambert

Donald Lambert (February 12, 1904 Princeton-May 8, 1962 Newark) also known as Lambert, Donald was an American , .

jazz pianist and composer, known for his unique improvisational skills and virtuosity on the piano. Born in Princeton, New Jersey, Lambert began playing piano at a young age and gained early experience playing in local jazz clubs. He rose to national prominence in 1929 when he won a major piano competition, which led to a recording contract and performances across the country.

Lambert's style was heavily influenced by the stride piano technique of Fats Waller, as well as by classical composers such as Chopin and Liszt. He was particularly well-known for his ability to transform popular songs of the day into virtuosic piano pieces, and he recorded many of these arrangements for a variety of record labels throughout his career.

Despite his success, Lambert struggled with alcoholism and financial difficulties throughout his life. He continued to perform and record sporadically into the 1950s, and he passed away in 1962 at the age of 58. Today, he is remembered as one of the greatest jazz pianists of the early 20th century, and his recordings are still treasured by jazz enthusiasts around the world.

Lambert's most famous recording is his solo rendition of "Boogie Woogie on St. Louis Blues," which was recorded in 1946 and has become a classic example of boogie-woogie piano playing. He was also known for his collaborations with other jazz musicians such as Benny Goodman and Bunny Berigan. In addition to his performing and recording career, Lambert was also a talented composer who wrote a number of original pieces for piano. Some of his most famous compositions include "Don't Know and Don't Care" and "Spinet Blues." Lambert's legacy continues to inspire and influence jazz pianists today, and his unique contributions to the genre have earned him a place among the most significant figures in jazz history.

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Syd Nathan

Syd Nathan (April 27, 1904 Cincinnati-March 5, 1968 Miami Beach) was an American record producer.

He was the founder of King Records, one of the most successful independent record labels in American history. Nathan started the label in 1943 and built it into an eclectic powerhouse that released music in a wide variety of genres, including rhythm and blues, country, jazz, and rock and roll. He also had a reputation for treating his artists well, paying them fairly and giving them creative freedom. Nathan's influence on the music industry was significant, as he helped to launch the careers of several important figures in popular music, including James Brown, Hank Ballard, and Otis Redding. He was posthumously inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in recognition of his significant contributions to the development of American music.

Nathan's success with King Records was largely due to his savvy business sense and ability to spot talent. He focused on recording and distributing music by African American artists at a time when many other record labels were ignoring this demographic. Nathan believed that there was a huge market for this music, and he was proven right with the success of King Records. The label released many hits during its heyday, including "The Twist" by Chubby Checker and "Fever" by Little Willie John. Nathan was also known for his hands-on approach to producing records, often working closely with artists to help them achieve the sound they were after. Despite his success, Nathan remained humble and little-known outside of the music industry until his induction into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 1997.

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Walter Bricht

Walter Bricht (September 9, 1904-March 1, 1970) was an American , .

Walter Bricht was an American physician and medical researcher, known for his contributions to the development of penicillin as an effective treatment against bacterial infections. He received his medical degree from the University of Chicago in 1929 and later worked as a faculty member and researcher at numerous prestigious institutions such as the University of Pittsburgh and the Mayo Clinic.

During World War II, Bricht was a key member of the penicillin team at the Office of Scientific Research and Development, where he helped develop and test methods for mass-producing the antibiotic for use by the military. His work paved the way for the widespread use of penicillin in civilian medicine after the war, saving countless lives.

Bricht went on to serve as the director of the Division of Laboratories and Research at the New York State Department of Health, where he directed efforts to develop new treatments for tuberculosis and other infectious diseases. He was also an advocate for public health, working to implement measures to improve sanitation and prevent the spread of disease.

Throughout his career, Bricht received numerous awards and honors for his contributions to medicine and public health, including the Lasker-DeBakey Clinical Medical Research Award in 1946. He passed away on March 1, 1970, at the age of 65.

In addition to his work in medicine, Walter Bricht was also a prolific writer and editor. He co-wrote several books on tuberculosis and infectious diseases and served as the editor of the Journal of Clinical Investigation for over a decade. He was a member of numerous professional organizations, including the American Medical Association and the Infectious Diseases Society of America. Bricht was also a strong advocate for the use of science and technology to improve public health, and he often spoke at conferences and events to promote this idea. His legacy continues to influence modern medicine and public health practices today.

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Joseph Campbell

Joseph Campbell (March 26, 1904 White Plains-October 30, 1987 Honolulu) also known as Campbell, Joseph or Joseph John Campbell was an American writer, author, professor and scholar.

He is best known for his work in comparative mythology and religion, particularly his book "The Hero with a Thousand Faces", which explores the common themes and archetypes found in myths and stories throughout human history. Campbell studied at Columbia University and later taught at Sarah Lawrence College. He traveled extensively throughout his career, studying and lecturing on mythology and storytelling in numerous cultures including those of India, Japan, and Native Americans. His work has influenced writers, artists, and scholars across multiple disciplines and continues to be widely read and studied today.

Campbell's love for mythology began when he was a child, fascinated by Native American legends and the stories of the Arthurian knights. After receiving his undergraduate degree in English literature from Dartmouth College, Campbell went on to study medieval literature at the University of Paris. He later earned his Ph.D. in comparative literature from the University of Munich, where he specialized in Sanskrit and Indian mythology.

Throughout his life, Campbell wrote numerous books on comparative mythology and religion, including "The Masks of God" series and "The Power of Myth". He also became a frequent guest on television shows, including Bill Moyers' acclaimed series "The Power of Myth", which brought his work to a much wider audience.

In addition to his academic pursuits, Campbell was a respected lecturer and educator, teaching at notable institutions such as Harvard University and the Esalen Institute. He also served as the president of the American Folklore Society and was awarded the National Institute of Arts and Letters Award for Contribution to Creative Literature and the National Arts Club Gold Medal for Literature.

Today, Campbell's work continues to influence artists and scholars in a variety of fields. His approach to mythological themes and archetypes continues to be widely studied and his ideas have been adapted into numerous films, books, and other works of art.

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Cary Grant

Cary Grant (January 18, 1904 Horfield-November 29, 1986 Davenport) also known as Archibald Alexander Leach, Mr. Cary Grant, Archibald Leach or Archie Leach was an American actor. He had one child, Jennifer Grant.

Cary Grant was one of Hollywood's top leading men during the 1940s and 1950s, known for his charm, wit, and good looks. He appeared in over 70 films throughout his career, including classics like North by Northwest, The Philadelphia Story, and Charade. Grant was also known for his distinctive voice and impeccable comic timing.

Prior to his acting career, Grant had a difficult upbringing in Bristol, England, and eventually joined a traveling vaudeville troupe. He later made his way to America and landed his first film role in 1932. Grant's personal life was often the subject of media attention, including his marriages to actresses Virginia Cherrill, Barbara Hutton, and Dyan Cannon.

Later in life, Grant took a step back from acting and became a dedicated philanthropist, supporting causes such as cancer research and children's charities. He was honored with numerous awards for his contributions, including an honorary Oscar in 1970. Despite his success, Grant remained humble and gracious, earning him the respect and admiration of fans and colleagues alike.

Grant's acting career spanned over three decades and included a range of genres, from romantic comedies to suspenseful thrillers. He was particularly known for his collaborations with director Alfred Hitchcock, which resulted in some of the most iconic films of the era. His on-screen chemistry with leading ladies such as Katharine Hepburn and Ingrid Bergman made him a favorite of audiences worldwide.

Beyond his work on film, Grant was also a longtime fan of aquatic activities, particularly swimming and sailing. He owned several boats over the course of his life, including a yacht named after his daughter, Jennifer. Additionally, he was an avid collector of modern art, and his personal collection included works by notable artists such as Picasso and Matisse.

Grant's legacy continues to be celebrated decades after his passing, with ongoing tributes in the form of film screenings, retrospectives, and academic analysis of his work. He remains one of Hollywood's most enduring and beloved icons, a testament to his enduring talent, charm, and humanity.

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Huey Long

Huey Long (April 25, 1904 Sealy-June 10, 2009 Houston) a.k.a. Long, Huey was an American singer.

Genres he performed: Jazz and Dixieland.

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Nat Story

Nat Story (August 4, 1904 Kentucky-November 21, 1968) was an American trombonist.

He began playing music at a young age, and by the time he was a teenager, he was already performing professionally. In the 1920s and '30s, he was a sought-after studio musician and played with a number of big bands, including those led by Benny Goodman, Duke Ellington, and Count Basie.

Story was known for his distinctive sound and style, which combined a mastery of the instrument with a sense of improvisational daring. He was also known for his ability to adapt to different musical styles and settings, from swing to bebop to Latin jazz.

In addition to his work as a performer, Story was also a respected educator, teaching at a number of institutions including the Juilliard School and the Manhattan School of Music. He continued to perform throughout the 1950s and '60s and is remembered as one of the most influential trombonists of his era.

During his career, Nat Story played on numerous recordings, both as a sideman and as a bandleader. One of his most well-known recordings is "Jumpin' at the Woodside," which he recorded with Count Basie's band in 1938. He also recorded with Ella Fitzgerald, Billie Holiday, and Louis Armstrong, among others.

In addition to his work in jazz, Story was also an accomplished classical musician. He played with the New York Philharmonic and the NBC Symphony Orchestra, and was a member of the Metropolitan Opera Orchestra for 18 years.

Although Story was an influential musician, he never achieved the same level of fame as some of his contemporaries. He was known for his modesty and dedication to his craft, and was often called upon to mentor younger musicians. He died in 1968 at the age of 64. In 1999, he was inducted into the Alabama Jazz Hall of Fame.

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Libby Holman

Libby Holman (May 23, 1904 Cincinnati-June 18, 1971 Stamford) a.k.a. Holman, Libby was an American actor.

Her most well known albums: Moanin' Low.

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Buddy Rogers

Buddy Rogers (August 13, 1904 Olathe-April 21, 1999 Rancho Mirage) otherwise known as Charles Rogers, Chas. Buddy Rogers, Buddy Rogers, Charles Buddy Rogers, Charles ['Buddy'] Rogers and his California Cavaliers, America's Boyfriend, Buddy, Charles Edward Rogers, Charles Edward “Buddy” Rogers or Charles "Buddy" Rogers was an American actor and film producer. He had two children, Roxanne Rogers and Ronald Charles Rogers.

Rogers began his career in the silent film era and gained fame for his leading role in the first ever Academy Award-winning film, "Wings," in which he played a World War I fighter pilot. He went on to star in a number of successful films, including "My Best Girl," "The Cruise of the Zaca" and "Follow Thru."

Aside from his acting career, Rogers was also a successful musician and bandleader. He formed his own orchestra, "Buddy Rogers and his California Cavaliers," and recorded several popular songs in the 1920s and 1930s.

Later in life, Rogers became an advocate for the preservation of early Hollywood history and artifacts. He donated many of his personal items, including his Oscar statuette, to the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences.

Rogers passed away in 1999 at the age of 94, leaving behind a legacy as both a talented actor and musician, and a champion for the preservation of Hollywood history.

In addition to his success in film and music, Buddy Rogers was also a skilled athlete. He was a tennis champion and played on the United States Davis Cup team in the 1920s. He also played golf and was a member of the Professional Golfers' Association. Rogers was married to his co-star and fellow Hollywood icon, Mary Pickford, from 1937 until her death in 1979. The couple often hosted lavish parties at their home, Pickfair, which was a popular gathering place for Hollywood celebrities. Rogers was known for his affable personality and was often referred to as "America's Boyfriend." In recognition of his contributions to the entertainment industry, Rogers was awarded a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame.

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Dick Powell

Dick Powell (November 14, 1904 Mountain View-January 2, 1963 West Los Angeles) a.k.a. Richard Ewing Powell or Richard Ewing "Dick" Powell was an American film director, actor, singer, television producer and film producer. His children are called Ellen Powell, Pamela Allyson Powell, Norman Powell and Richard Keith Powell Jr..

His most well known albums: Lullaby of Broadway, Close To My Heart and Lullaby of Broadway / I Believe In Miracles.

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