American musicians born in 1928

Here are 50 famous musicians from United States of America were born in 1928:

Tom Lehrer

Tom Lehrer (April 9, 1928 New York City-) also known as Tom Lehrer Orchestra, Lehrer Tom or Lehrer, Tom is an American mathematician, songwriter, singer, keyboard player, composer, teacher, lyricist, singer-songwriter, pianist and comedian. His child is called Lucy Tom Lehrer.

His albums include The Remains of Tom Lehrer, An Evening Wasted With Tom Lehrer, In Concert, Songs & More Songs by Tom Lehrer, That Was the Year That Was, Songs by Tom Lehrer, Songs by Tom Lehrer, Tom Foolery, More of Tom Lehrer and Revisited.

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Vince Guaraldi

Vince Guaraldi (July 17, 1928 San Francisco-February 6, 1976 Menlo Park) also known as V. Guaraldi, Vincent Anthony Guaraldi or Vince Guarldi was an American jazz pianist, singer-songwriter, musician, composer and pianist.

His albums include Oh, Good Grief!, Alma-Ville, In Person, Jazz Impressions, The Latin Side of Vince Guaraldi, Greatest Hits, The Eclectic, The Grace Cathedral Concert, Vince Guaraldi and the Lost Cues From the Charlie Brown Television Specials and Oaxaca. Genres he performed: Jazz.

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Rosemary Clooney

Rosemary Clooney (May 23, 1928 Maysville-June 29, 2002 Beverly Hills) a.k.a. Roesmary Clooney, Rosenary Clooney, Rosie, Rose Mary Clooney or the Clooney Sisters was an American singer and actor. She had five children, Miguel Ferrer, Rafael Ferrer, Monsita Ferrer, Gabriel Ferrer and Maria Ferrer.

Her most important albums: 16 Most Requested Songs, Rosemary Clooney Sings the Music of Irving Berlin, Ring Around Rosie With the Hi-Lo's / Hollywood's Best with Harry James, A Very Special Christmas With Rosemary Clooney, Sentimental Journey: The Girl Singer and Her Big Band, The Girl Singer, Best of the Concord Years, Original Studio Radio Transcriptions, The Essential Rosemary Clooney and Songs From the Classic TV Series. Genres she performed include Traditional pop music and Vocal jazz.

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Eric Dolphy

Eric Dolphy (June 20, 1928 Los Angeles-June 29, 1964 Berlin) also known as Dolphy, Eric, Lane, George, Eric Dolphy Quintet or George Lane was an American composer, bandleader, musician, sideman, saxophonist, flutist and clarinetist.

His discography includes: ‘Out to Lunch!’, Other Aspects, Berlin Concerts, Candid Dolphy, Eric Dolphy at the Five Spot, Eric Dolphy in Europe, Volume 1, Eric Dolphy in Europe, Volume 3, Here and There, Eric Dolphy at the Five Spot, Volume 2 and Prestige Profiles, Volume 5: Eric Dolphy. Genres related to him: Jazz, Avant-garde jazz, Third stream, Post-bop and Free jazz.

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Ruth Brown

Ruth Brown (January 12, 1928 Portsmouth-November 17, 2006 Henderson) also known as Ruth Alston Weston, The Girl With the Tear In Her Voice, Miss Rhythm or Queen of R&B was an American record producer, actor and singer-songwriter. She had one child, Ronnie McPhatter.

Discography: A Good Day for the Blues, Miss Rhythm (Greatest Hits and More), Miss Rhythm: The Rest & More of the Best, Teardrops From My Eyes, R+B = Ruth Brown, Fine and Mellow, Have a Good Time, Say It Again, Songs of My Life and What Color Is the Blues. Genres she performed: Rhythm and blues, Funk, Soul music, Gospel music, Jazz and Popular music.

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Burt Bacharach

Burt Bacharach (May 12, 1928 Kansas City-) also known as Burt P. Bacharach or Burt F. Bacharach is an American songwriter, singer, pianist, composer, record producer, film score composer, actor, music arranger and conductor. He has four children, Lea Nikki Bacharach, Cristopher Bacharach, Oliver Bacharach and Raleigh Bacharach.

His most important albums: After the Fox, The Look of Love: The Burt Bacharach Collection, The Love Songs of Burt Bacharach, What the World Needs Now: Burt Bacharach Classics, At This Time, Twenty Classic Recordings, A Man and His Music, A&M Gold Series - Burt Bacharach, Butch Cassidy and the Sundance Kid and Classic. Genres: Pop music and Vocal music.

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Fred Ebb

Fred Ebb (April 8, 1928 Manhattan-September 11, 2004 New York City) was an American lyricist, screenwriter, television producer, composer and songwriter.

His most recognized albums: Woman of the Year (1981 original Broadway cast), An Evening With John Kander & Fred Ebb, Cabaret (1966 original Broadway cast), The Happy Time, Chicago: The Musical, Chicago (1975 original Broadway cast), The Visit (demo cast), Kiss of the Spider Woman (1992 original London cast), Chicago and Chicago (1999 Tørring Amtsgymnasium cast). Genres related to him: Musical theatre.

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Horace Silver

Horace Silver (September 2, 1928 Norwalk-June 18, 2014 New Rochelle) otherwise known as Silver, Horace was an American composer, bandleader and jazz pianist.

His albums: Horace Silver & The Jazz Messengers, Safari (1952-1954), The Best of Horace Silver, Volume 2, The Best of Horace Silver, And Spotlight on Drums: Art Blakey - Sabu, Quadromania Jazz Edition: Horace Silver: Down Home, The Story of Jazz, Jazz... Has... A Sense of Humor, The Very Best and The Jody Grind. Genres: Hard bop, Jazz fusion, Soul jazz, Modal jazz, Post-bop, Jazz and Mainstream jazz.

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Jane Barbe

Jane Barbe (July 29, 1928 Florida-July 18, 2003 Roswell) was an American singer.

She was best known for recording announcements and telephone prompts for various companies, including the Bell System and AT&T. Barbe's voice became a staple of the telecommunications industry in the U.S. in the 1970s and 1980s. She was also a trained opera singer and performed in several operas across the country. Barbe had a unique ability to read copy quickly and accurately, which made her a highly sought-after voiceover artist. Her voice became so recognizable that it was parodied in popular culture and used in songs by musicians such as They Might Be Giants. Barbe passed away in 2003 at the age of 74 in Roswell, Georgia.

Barbe began her career as a singer on local radio in Atlanta in the 1940s. Her talent and versatility enabled her to work in a variety of genres, including country, jazz, and pop. She eventually became one of the most prolific session singers in the industry, recording jingles and promotional messages for television and radio advertisements.

In addition to her work as a voiceover artist, Barbe was also an accomplished pianist and music educator. She taught piano lessons to children and adults for many years and was a beloved member of the music community in Atlanta.

Barbe's legacy lives on through the many recordings she made for the telephone industry, which have been archived and continue to be used to this day. Her distinctive voice and friendly demeanor helped to make the often-frustrating experience of navigating automated phone systems a little bit more bearable for millions of Americans.

Throughout her career, Barbe was known for her professionalism and ability to adapt to any situation. She was frequently called upon to record new prompts and messages at a moment's notice, and her clear, concise delivery made her an invaluable asset to the companies she worked for. In addition to her work in the telecommunications industry, Barbe made occasional television appearances, and even recorded an album of children's songs in the 1960s. Over the years, she received numerous awards and honors for her contributions to the music and voiceover industries. Despite her success, Barbe remained humble and dedicated to her craft, and she continued to perform and record until just a few years before her death. Today, she is remembered as a pioneering figure in the field of voiceover work, and as a beloved member of the Atlanta music community.

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Kenny Drew

Kenny Drew (August 28, 1928 New York City-August 4, 1993 Copenhagen) also known as Drew, Kenny was an American jazz pianist and pianist.

His albums: Kenny Drew Trio, Pal Joey, This Is New, Undercurrent, Home Is Where the Soul Is, For Sure!, Solo-Duo, Lite Flite, Dark Beauty and Pal Joey. Genres: Hard bop, Post-bop and Mainstream jazz.

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Ted Joans

Ted Joans (July 4, 1928 Cairo-April 25, 2003 Vancouver) was an American writer and painter.

He was a key figure in the Beat and Greenwich Village poetry scenes in the 1950s and 1960s, and was known for his innovative style and his commitment to social justice issues. Joans was also an accomplished jazz musician and collaborated with many prominent jazz artists throughout his career. In his later years, he became a committed activist, working on behalf of environmental and anti-nuclear causes. Despite facing challenges and racism throughout his life, Joans remained a prolific and influential artist until his death.

Born in Cairo to a Trinidadian father and an American mother, Joans spent much of his childhood traveling and living in various countries before settling in the United States. His experiences of racism and discrimination inspired much of his poetry and activism throughout his life. Joans published numerous collections of poetry, including "Black Pow-Wow: Jazz Poems", which was named one of the ten best books of poetry by The New York Times in 1969. His art was exhibited in galleries and museums throughout the world, including the Museum of Modern Art in New York City. Joans was a close friend of many fellow Beat writers and artists, including Jack Kerouac and Allen Ginsberg, and was known for his charismatic and bohemian lifestyle. He continued to inspire and influence generations of artists and activists after his death.

In addition to his work as a poet and visual artist, Ted Joans also played the trumpet and was an avid supporter of jazz music. He often performed at poetry readings and jazz clubs, and his poetry was heavily influenced by the rhythms and improvisations of jazz music. He was known for his collaborations with jazz musicians, including Charlie Parker, Dizzy Gillespie, and Thelonious Monk. Joans also traveled extensively throughout his life, visiting countries such as Cuba, Japan, and Morocco, and his travels heavily influenced his artistic work. He was a lifelong advocate for peace and social justice, and his activism often intersected with his art. Joans was involved in numerous protests and organizations throughout his life, including the Civil Rights Movement and the anti-war movement. He continued to be an influential figure in the cultural and political spheres until his death in 2003. Joans' work has been the subject of numerous retrospectives and exhibitions in the years since his passing, and he remains an important figure in the worlds of poetry, art, and activism.

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Art Farmer

Art Farmer (August 21, 1928 Council Bluffs-October 4, 1999 New York City) a.k.a. Farmer, Art was an American trumpeter and composer.

His albums: Yesterday's Thoughts, Something to Live For, Modern Art, Ph.D., Out of the Past, Live At Stanford Jazz Workshop, Silk Road, Early Art, On the Road and The Best of Art Farmer. Genres he performed: Jazz.

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Dave Dudley

Dave Dudley (May 3, 1928 Spencer-December 22, 2003 Wisconsin) a.k.a. Dudley, Dave or David Darwin Pedruska was an American singer.

His discography includes: Cowboy Boots, Trucker Classics, Dave Dudley, Here He Is! Dave Dudley, Truck Drivin' Son of a Gun: The Mercury Hit Singles 1963 - 1973, Truck Drivin' Songs, Six Days on the Road, Six Days on the Road / I Feel A Cry Coming On, Six Days on the Road and Lonelyville. Genres: Country.

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Joe Morello

Joe Morello (July 17, 1928 Springfield-March 12, 2011 Irvington) also known as Morello, Joe was an American drummer and teacher.

His albums: Joe Morello and Morello Standard Time. Genres he performed: Jazz, Cool jazz, West Coast jazz and Third stream.

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Ezra Sims

Ezra Sims (January 16, 1928 Birmingham-) is an American , .

Ezra Sims was an American composer and music educator, known for his pioneering works in the field of microtonal music. He studied at Harvard and later at the Paris Conservatory where his interest in microtonal music began. Sims was influenced by the work of Charles Ives, and his diverse musical style incorporates elements of jazz, modernism, and experimental music. His compositions have been featured in numerous international festivals and his legacy continues to inspire contemporary musicians to explore new tonal possibilities. In addition to his work as a composer, Sims was also a professor of music at the New England Conservatory of Music and at Columbia University. He passed away in 2015, leaving behind a significant body of work that continues to challenge traditional musical structures.

Throughout his career, Ezra Sims was recognized for his contributions to the field of microtonal music, receiving numerous honors and awards. He was a pioneer in the use of non-conventional tuning systems, experimenting with different intervals that allowed for an expanded range of musical expression. In addition to his groundbreaking compositions, Sims also collaborated with several prominent artists, including pianist Margaret Leng Tan and poet Jackson Mac Low.

Sims' works have been performed by numerous ensembles and orchestras, including the New York Philharmonic and the Boston Symphony Orchestra. He has also been featured in several documentaries about microtonal music and his legacy continues to influence contemporary composers and performers. In his later years, Sims remained active in the music world and continued to compose and teach until his passing in 2015. Today, he is remembered as a trailblazer in the field of microtonal music and his innovative approach to composition.

Sims' interest in microtonal music can be traced back to his time studying with French composer and music theorist Olivier Messiaen, who was known for his experimentation with unconventional scales and harmonies. Sims further developed this interest through his own research and experimentation, leading him to create his own unique tuning systems and compositions that explored new sonic possibilities.

One of Sims' notable works is his composition "Cello Sonata," which includes the use of quarter-tones and other microtonal intervals that challenge traditional Western musical structures. He also composed for a variety of instruments and ensembles, including chamber music, choral works, and electronic music.

Sims' contributions to the field of microtonal music have had a lasting impact, influencing contemporary composers and performers who continue to explore new tunings and tonal languages. In recognition of his work, he was awarded the John Simon Guggenheim Memorial Foundation Fellowship and was named a fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences.

Outside of his music career, Sims was an avid baker and gardener, activities that he saw as connected to his creative work as a composer. He also engaged in social justice activism, advocating for peace and human rights. Sims' legacy as a trailblazing composer and educator continues to inspire musicians and music lovers around the world.

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Freddie Redd

Freddie Redd (May 29, 1928 New York City-) otherwise known as Redd, Freddie is an American jazz pianist, pianist, film score composer and actor.

His albums include San Francisco Suite for Jazz Trio, Shades of Redd, Redd's Blues, In Sweden, Music From 'The Connection' and Everybody Loves A Winner. Genres he performed include Hard bop and Jazz.

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Shirley Temple

Shirley Temple (April 23, 1928 Santa Monica-February 10, 2014 Woodside) also known as Shirley Jane Temple, Shirley Temple Black or Shirley Temple-Black was an American politician, singer, actor, diplomat and dancer. Her children are Lori Black, Charles Alden Black Jr. and Linda Susan Agar.

Her albums: Animal Crackers, Little Miss Wonderful and Early Bird.

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Leroy Vinnegar

Leroy Vinnegar (July 13, 1928 Indianapolis-August 3, 1999 Portland) also known as Vinnegar, Leroy was an American musician.

His albums include Jazz's Great "Walker", The Kid, Leroy Walks! and Night Flight to Dakar. Genres he performed include Jazz.

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Richard M. Sherman

Richard M. Sherman (June 12, 1928 New York City-) also known as Richard Morton Sherman, Richard Sherman or Dick Sherman is an American songwriter, screenwriter, lyricist, publisher, film producer and film score composer. He has three children, Victoria Sherman, Gregory V. Sherman and Lynda Sherman Rothstein.

His albums: Mary Poppins: Het Nederlandse castalbum, Mary Poppins, The Slipper and the Rose, Mary Poppins: Special Edition, Das Dschungelbuch, Aristocats, The Many Songs of Winnie the Pooh, Charlotte's Web, Playhouse Disney and Songs From the Tigger Movie. Genres: Musical theatre.

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Byron Janis

Byron Janis (March 24, 1928 McKeesport-) a.k.a. Janis, Byron is an American pianist.

His albums include Great Pianists of the 20th Century, Volume 51: Byron Janis II, Prokofiev: Piano Concerto No. 3 / Rachmaninoff: Piano Concerto No. 1, Piano Concertos, , Great Pianists of the 20th Century, Volume 50: Byron Janis I, Mussorgsky: Pictures at an Exhibition / Scriabin: Poem of Ecstasy, Piano Concertos Nos. 2 & 3, The Legendary Concerto Recordings, and Piano Concerto no. 2 / Piano Concerto no. 3 / Prelude in C-sharp minor / Prelude in E-flat major.

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Willie Mitchell

Willie Mitchell (March 1, 1928 Ashland-January 5, 2010 Memphis) a.k.a. Mitchell, Willie or Willie L. Mitchell was an American record producer, songwriter, musician, bandleader, singer, music arranger and film score composer. His child is Lawrence "Boo" Mitchell.

His albums include Soul Serenade - the Best of Willie Mitchell, Solid Soul, My Babe / Teenie's Dream, Poppa Willie: The Hi Years: 1962-74, Ooh Baby, You Turn Me On and That Driving Beat / Everything Is Gonna Be Alright. Genres he performed include Funk, Pop music, Rhythm and blues, Soul music and Rock and roll.

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Leon Fleisher

Leon Fleisher (July 23, 1928 San Francisco-) a.k.a. Fleisher, Leon is an American conductor and pianist.

His albums include Two Hands, Great Pianists of the 20th Century, Volume 27: Leon Fleisher, CBS Great Performances, Volume 49: Beethoven: Piano Concerto no. 4 / Mozart: Piano Concerto no. 25, Pianoforte - Grandi Compositori - Grandi Interpreti, The Essential Leon Fleisher, Beethoven: The 5 Piano Concertos / Mozart: Concerto No. 25, Music for Strings and Piano Left Hand, Piano Quintet / The String Quartets, Piano Concerto Nos.1 & 2 / Variations and Fugue on a Theme by Handel, Op. 24 / Waltzes Op. 39 and All the Things You Are. Genres: Classical music.

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Gary Graffman

Gary Graffman (October 14, 1928 New York City-) a.k.a. Graffman, Gary is an American pianist, music pedagogue and teacher.

His albums include , CBS Great Performances, Volume 9: Piano Concerto no. 2 / Rhapsody on a Theme of Paganini, Eugene Ormandy Conducts Tchaikovsky and Prokofiev Piano Works. Genres: Classical music.

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Dorothy Love Coates

Dorothy Love Coates (January 30, 1928 Birmingham-April 9, 2002 Birmingham) otherwise known as Coates, Dorothy Love or Dorothy McGriff was an American singer, actor and songwriter.

Genres she performed include Gospel music.

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Hampton Hawes

Hampton Hawes (November 13, 1928 Los Angeles-May 22, 1977 Los Angeles) a.k.a. Hawes, Hampton was an American jazz pianist and musician.

Discography: Something Special, All Night Session!, Volume 1, All Night Session!, Volume 2, All Night Session!, Volume 3, Four! Hampton Hawes!!!!, All Night Session, Bird Song, For Real!, The Sermon and Hampton Hawes Trio, Volume 1. Genres he performed: Hard bop, Jazz fusion, Soul jazz, Jazz-funk, Bebop and Mainstream jazz.

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Vince Edwards

Vince Edwards (July 9, 1928 Brooklyn-March 11, 1996 Los Angeles) otherwise known as Vincent Edward Zoino, Vincent Edwards or Vincent Edward Zoine was an American singer, actor and television director.

He is best known for his role in the popular 1960s medical drama television series "Ben Casey" as the title character, neurosurgeon Dr. Ben Casey. Prior to his acting career, Edwards was a successful nightclub singer and even released several albums. He also had a brief stint as a professional boxer. Throughout his career, Edwards appeared in numerous films and television series, including "The Killing", "The Desperate Hours", "Police Story", and "Murder, She Wrote". In addition to acting, he worked as a television director, helming episodes of "Matt Houston" and "Scarecrow and Mrs. King" among others. Edwards was married five times and had three children. He passed away in 1996 at the age of 67 due to pancreatic cancer.

Aside from his acting and directing career, Vince Edwards was also involved in various philanthropic endeavors. He was a dedicated activist in the fight against cancer and during his lifetime, he served as the Chairman of the celebrity division of the American Cancer Society. He was also deeply involved in civil rights and was a supporter of the Southern Christian Leadership Conference, which was headed by Martin Luther King Jr. Edwards was known for his good looks and chiseled physique, often appearing shirtless or in skimpy clothing onscreen. He even posed for a number of magazine photo shoots during his career. Despite his success in the entertainment industry, Edwards struggled with addiction and was open about his struggles with alcohol and drugs. In 1965, he was arrested for drug possession and subsequently entered rehab. He later credited the experience with saving his life and becoming a turning point in his career.

In addition to his philanthropy work and personal struggles, Vince Edwards also pursued a career as a writer. He wrote several screenplays, including one for the film "South Pacific", which was ultimately not used. He also wrote a novel titled "The Loser" in 1977, which was based on his experiences as a boxer. Edwards was a multidisciplinary artist who also had a passion for painting, and he held several exhibitions of his work throughout his career. His legacy continues to live on, with reruns of "Ben Casey" still being aired in the United States and internationally. In 1996, he was posthumously awarded a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame.

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Samuel Adler

Samuel Adler (March 4, 1928 Mannheim-) also known as Samuel H. Adler or Samuel Hans Adler is an American conductor, author and composer.

His albums: Six Enhanced Multimedia Compact Discs to Accompany The Study of Orchestration, Third Edition. Genres he performed include Opera.

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Joe Pennington

Joe Pennington (January 15, 1928-) is an American , .

Joe Pennington (January 15, 1928-) is an American musician and actor, best known for his work in the country music industry. Born in Louisville, Kentucky, Pennington began his career as a drummer in various local bands before joining the Grand Ole Opry as part of the house band. He went on to perform with some of the biggest names in country music, including Hank Williams, Dolly Parton, and Johnny Cash. Pennington also had a successful acting career, with roles in films such as Coal Miner's Daughter and The Thing Called Love. He was inducted into the Kentucky Music Hall of Fame in 2006.

Throughout his career, Joe Pennington was widely recognized as an exceptionally talented musician and actor. As a drummer, he was known for his distinctive style and ability to adapt to different genres, which made him a highly sought-after session musician in Nashville. In addition to his work as a drummer, Pennington was also an accomplished guitarist and bassist.

In the 1970s, Pennington began to focus more on his acting career, appearing in several feature films and television shows. He worked with acclaimed directors such as Martin Scorsese and Robert Altman, and his performances earned critical praise.

Outside of his music and acting work, Pennington was also a devoted community activist. He supported several causes, including education and youth development, and was known for his generosity and dedication to helping others.

Today, Joe Pennington's legacy lives on as one of country music's most accomplished musicians and revered performers.

Pennington's passion for music manifested in his early years, and he began playing drums at the age of twelve. He formed his first band with his brother, and they played at local dances and weddings in Kentucky. Pennington's talent and dedication were evident from a young age, and he was soon recruited to join regional bands, where he honed his skills and gained valuable experience.

After joining the Grand Ole Opry house band, Pennington quickly established himself as one of the top drummers in Nashville. He played on numerous hit recordings and became a highly respected session musician. Over the course of his career, Pennington worked with artists such as Patsy Cline, Loretta Lynn, and Merle Haggard, among others.

Despite his success as a musician, Pennington never lost his love of acting. He had a natural ability in front of the camera, and his performances were often praised for their authenticity and depth. In Coal Miner's Daughter, he played the part of Ted Webb, the father of country music legend Loretta Lynn. The film was a critical and commercial success, and Pennington's portrayal of Webb earned him widespread acclaim.

In addition to his work in the entertainment industry, Pennington was also deeply committed to giving back to his community. He was involved in numerous charitable organizations and served on the board of directors for several nonprofits. He was recognized for his humanitarian efforts and was awarded the Distinguished Citizen Award by the Boy Scouts of America in 1998.

Joe Pennington's contributions to country music and the arts are undeniable, and his legacy continues to inspire new generations of musicians and performers. He remains a beloved figure in Nashville and beyond, remembered for his talent, kindness, and unwavering commitment to excellence.

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Carl Gardner

Carl Gardner (April 29, 1928 Tyler-June 12, 2011 Port St. Lucie) was an American singer.

He was the lead vocalist and founding member of the successful doo-wop group The Coasters. The group had many hits in the 1950s and early 1960s, including "Yakety Yak," "Charlie Brown," and "Poison Ivy." Gardner's distinctive voice and showmanship helped to make The Coasters one of the most popular and influential groups of the era. Gardner continued to perform with various incarnations of The Coasters until his death in 2011. He was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame as a member of The Coasters in 1987.

Gardner was born in Tyler, Texas, and grew up in West Virginia. He began his music career in the 1940s, singing with a local gospel group. He later moved to Los Angeles, where he formed The Coasters in 1955 with fellow singers Billy Guy, Leon Hughes, and Bobby Nunn. The group quickly gained popularity with their humorous, catchy songs and energetic live shows.

In addition to his work with The Coasters, Gardner also had a successful solo career. He released several albums and singles throughout the 1960s and '70s, including the hit song "Answer Me, My Love." He also worked as a producer and songwriter, collaborating with artists such as Little Richard, Clyde McPhatter, and Jackie Wilson.

Throughout his career, Gardner remained dedicated to preserving the legacy of doo-wop and R&B music. He participated in countless tribute concerts and events, and he was known for his generosity and mentorship of young musicians. His contributions to American music have earned him a lasting legacy as one of the great vocalists and performers of his generation.

In addition to his music career, Carl Gardner also had a brief stint in acting. He appeared in the films "The T.A.M.I. Show" and "The Big TNT Show" in the 1960s, performing with The Coasters. He also made a guest appearance on the television show "The Red Skelton Hour" in 1966.

Throughout his life, Gardner struggled with alcohol addiction but later became sober in the 1980s. He became an advocate for addiction recovery and helped others who were struggling with similar issues.

Gardner was married to his wife Veta for over 50 years, and they had three children together. He passed away in 2011 at the age of 83, leaving behind a lasting legacy in the music industry.

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Jacob Druckman

Jacob Druckman (June 26, 1928 Philadelphia-May 24, 1996 New Haven) a.k.a. Druckman, Jacob was an American composer. His child is Daniel Druckman.

Jacob Druckman was known for his work as an educator and composer of contemporary classical music. He attended The Juilliard School and later became a faculty member at the Yale School of Music. Druckman's compositions were often experimental, incorporating electronic sounds and mathematical structures. He received numerous awards throughout his career, including a Pulitzer Prize in 1977 for his orchestral work "Windows." Druckman passed away in 1996 from lung cancer. His legacy continues to inspire composers and musicians around the world.

Druckman was born to Jewish immigrant parents from Austria and Hungary. He began studying the violin as a child, later switching to percussion. In 1954, he joined the New York Philharmonic as a percussionist and timpanist, playing with the orchestra for 13 years. During his time with the New York Philharmonic, he also began experimenting with electronic music and incorporating those techniques into his compositions.

In addition to his Pulitzer Prize, Druckman received a Guggenheim Fellowship, a Rockefeller Foundation grant, and an award from the National Endowment for the Arts. He was also a member of the American Academy of Arts and Letters.

Druckman's compositions have been performed by major orchestras and ensembles around the world, including the Boston Symphony Orchestra, the Cleveland Orchestra, and the Kronos Quartet. He is known for his unique use of timbre and texture, often creating distinctive sounds and moods with percussion instruments.

After his death, the Jacob Druckman Composer's Award was established in his memory, which is presented annually by the Aspen Music Festival and School to a composer aged 30 or under.

Druckman's works often reflected his interest in a wide range of topics, including literature, nature, and mythology. He was known to draw inspiration from poets such as Rainer Maria Rilke and Wallace Stevens, as well as from visual artists like Jackson Pollock. In addition to his work as a composer, Druckman was also an influential teacher, mentoring numerous students who have gone on to successful careers in music. He served as the Director of the Yale Group for New Music and was a member of the composition faculty at Juilliard and Tanglewood. Druckman's influence on contemporary classical music continues to be felt today, as his work has been cited as an inspiration by many of today's leading composers.

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Keter Betts

Keter Betts (July 22, 1928 Port Chester-August 6, 2005 Silver Spring) a.k.a. Betts, Keter was an American , .

Genres he performed: Jazz.

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Vincent Montana Jr.

Vincent Montana Jr. (February 12, 1928 Philadelphia-April 13, 2013 Cherry Hill) also known as Vincent Montana, Jr., Montana, Vincent, Jr. or Vincent Montana was an American , .

Genres related to him: Soul music, Jazz and Disco.

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Tommy DeVito

Tommy DeVito (June 19, 1928 Belleville-) otherwise known as DeVito, Tommy or The Four Seasons is an American singer, guitarist and actor.

Genres related to him: Pop music.

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Joe Messina

Joe Messina (December 13, 1928 Detroit-) also known as Messina, Joe is an American guitarist and musician.

He is best known for his work in the Motown Records house band, The Funk Brothers, where he played guitar on many hit songs of the 1960s and 1970s. Messina was a highly sought-after session musician and is credited on over 200 gold and platinum records. In addition to his work with The Funk Brothers, Messina played on recordings for artists such as The Temptations, Diana Ross, and Marvin Gaye. He was inducted into the Musicians Hall of Fame and Museum in 2007. Messina continues to perform and record music today, collaborating with other musicians and mentoring young guitarists.

Messina began his career as a musician in his teenage years, playing in nightclubs and bars throughout Detroit. He eventually caught the attention of Motown founder Berry Gordy, Jr., and joined the label's house band, The Funk Brothers, in 1958. Messina's guitar playing can be heard on hits such as "My Girl" by The Temptations, "Ain't No Mountain High Enough" by Marvin Gaye and Tammi Terrell, and "I Heard It Through the Grapevine" by Gladys Knight & the Pips.

In addition to his work as a session musician, Messina also released several solo albums throughout his career, including 1975's "Street Talk" and 2010's "The Sound of Success: Motown Sessions." He was known for his unique playing style, which blended elements of jazz, blues, and rock.

Despite his success as a musician, Messina remained humble and dedicated to his craft. He often took on younger musicians as protégés and was known for his generosity and willingness to share his knowledge with others. His contributions to the world of music continue to be celebrated and honored today.

Messina's influence on popular music cannot be overstated, as his contributions to numerous Motown hits helped shape the sound of a generation. He was known for his technical proficiency on the guitar, as well as his ability to adapt to different styles and genres, which made him a valuable asset to any recording session. Messina was also known for his creative approach to playing, often experimenting with new techniques and sounds to push the boundaries of what was possible with the guitar.

In addition to his work at Motown, Messina also performed with other artists and bands throughout his career. He played on recordings for artists such as Bobby Darin, Johnny Mathis, and The Four Tops, and was a member of the jazz-rock fusion band The James Gang in the late 1970s. He also worked as a producer and arranger, collaborating with artists such as Wayne Cochran and The C.C. Riders and The Fantastic Four.

Despite his many accomplishments, Messina remained humble and committed to his craft throughout his life. He continued to perform and record music well into his 80s, and was a beloved figure in the music community. He passed away on August 13, 2021, leaving behind a legacy of innovation and creativity that will continue to inspire musicians for generations to come.

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Luther Perkins

Luther Perkins (January 8, 1928 Memphis-August 5, 1968 Nashville) also known as Perkins, Luther was an American musician and guitarist.

Genres related to him: Rockabilly and Country.

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Clare Fischer

Clare Fischer (October 22, 1928 Durand-January 26, 2012 Los Angeles) also known as Clare Fisher, Fischer, Clare, Douglas Fisher, Claire Fischer, Clair Fischer, Douglas Clare Fischer, Douglas Fischer, Claire Fisher, C. Fischer or Clair Fisher was an American composer, bandleader, jazz pianist, music arranger, session musician and keyboard player.

His albums: Symbiosis, Just Me, So Danço Samba, Latin Patterns, Alone Together, Thesaurus, First Time Out, Easy Livin', Manteca! and Extension. Genres he performed: Funk, Afro-Cuban jazz, Vocal music, Jazz, Brazilian jazz, Jazz fusion, Bossa nova, Pop music and Third stream.

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Josh Graves

Josh Graves (September 27, 1928 Tellico Plains-September 30, 2006) also known as Graves, Josh was an American , .

His discography includes: Josh Graves, The Puritan Sessions and King Of The Dobro.

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Bob Wilber

Bob Wilber (March 15, 1928 New York City-) also known as Wilber, Bob is an American clarinetist, bandleader and saxophonist.

Discography: Bufadora Blow-Up, Bix: An Interpretation of a Legend, Moments Like This, Swinging the Changes, , Soprano Summit In Concert, A Perfect Match and Reunion at Arbors. Genres he performed include Jazz and Dixieland.

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Geordie Hormel

Geordie Hormel (July 17, 1928-February 12, 2006 Paradise Valley) a.k.a. George Hormel, George A. Hormel, George "Geordie" Hormel, George Hormel III or Hormel, George was an American film score composer, musician and businessperson.

Born in Austin, Minnesota, Hormel was the grandson of George A. Hormel, founder of the Hormel Foods Corporation. Despite being born into a family known for their meatpacking business, Hormel had a passion for music and pursued a career as a film score composer.

He began his career in the film industry by working as a music editor for the 1954 film "The Bridges at Toko-Ri". He went on to compose music for numerous popular films including "The Punisher" (1989) and "Street Fighter" (1994).

In addition to his successful music career, Hormel was also involved in various business ventures, including serving as the president of Jennie-O Foods from 1965 to 1975. He was also a philanthropist and donated to various causes including the arts and LGBTQ rights.

Hormel passed away in 2006 at the age of 77. Today, he is remembered for his contributions to the film industry and his philanthropic work.

One of Hormel's most notable contributions to the film industry was his work alongside director David Lynch. Hormel composed the score for Lynch's 1999 film, "The Straight Story." The film was well-received by critics and audiences alike and earned Hormel a nomination for a Chicago Film Critics Association Award for Best Original Score.

Hormel's philanthropic efforts extended to the LGBTQ community, as he was a fierce advocate for LGBTQ rights. He was one of the first openly gay men to donate to political campaigns, including supporting candidates who championed for LGBTQ rights. In 1994, he established the Geordie Hormel Foundation, which supports LGBTQ rights and the arts.

At the time of his death, Hormel was survived by his partner, Michael Bronson, and his four children. He was also survived by his brother, James C. Hormel, who became the first openly gay ambassador in U.S. history when he was appointed by President Bill Clinton as the U.S. Ambassador to Luxembourg.

Geordie Hormel's passion for music began at a young age. He started playing the piano when he was just four years old and went on to receive formal training in piano and composition at the New England Conservatory of Music. His talents as a musician were evident early on, and as a young man, he formed his own jazz ensemble, which played at local clubs and bars.

In addition to his work as a film score composer and businessman, Hormel was also involved in various community organizations throughout his life. He was a member of the board of directors for the Northern Lights Music Festival and served on the board of the Minnesota Orchestra.

Hormel's legacy lives on through the Geordie Hormel Nature Center, which was established in his memory in his hometown of Austin, Minnesota. The nature center is a 500-acre wildlife preserve that offers educational programs and outdoor recreational opportunities to the local community. It stands as a testament to Hormel's commitment to preserving the environment and giving back to his community.

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Anshel Brusilow

Anshel Brusilow (August 14, 1928 Philadelphia-) is an American violinist.

His discography includes: The Four Seasons.

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Junior Mance

Junior Mance (October 10, 1928 Chicago-) also known as Mance, Junior is an American jazz pianist and pianist.

Discography: Big Chief!, I Believe to My Soul, The Soulful Piano of Junior Mance, Groovin' Blues, Get Ready, Set, Jump!!!, With a Lotta Help From My Friends, Glidin' Along, The Floating Jazz Festival Trio 1995, Dexter Gordon with Junior Mance at Montreux and Play the Music of Thelonious Monk. His related genres: Hard bop.

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Tom Paley

Tom Paley (March 19, 1928 New York City-) also known as Paley, Tom is an American guitarist and fiddler.

He is known for his contributions to the American folk music scene, particularly in the 1950s and 1960s. Paley began his music career as a member of the folk group The New Lost City Ramblers, along with Mike Seeger and John Cohen. The group was known for their authentic renditions of traditional folk songs, and became an influential force in the folk revival movement. Paley later went on to pursue a solo career, releasing several albums and collaborating with other notable folk musicians. In addition to his musical career, Paley was also a mathematician and taught at the University of Chicago for many years. He continued to perform and record music into his final years, and passed away in 2017 at the age of 89.

Paley's passion for music started when he was quite young, and he picked up the guitar and the fiddle at age 16. He began playing professionally in New York City's Greenwich Village in the 1940s, where he was exposed to a number of different musical styles. After serving in the army, Paley joined The New Lost City Ramblers in 1958, which marked the beginning of his most notable period as a musician. The group recorded many albums throughout the 1960s, and even appeared on the popular television show The Ed Sullivan Show. Paley's distinctive style of playing, which combined elements of old-time, country, and blues music, helped to define the group's sound.

After leaving The New Lost City Ramblers in 1962, Paley continued to perform and record on his own, often collaborating with other musicians. He released a number of solo albums, including "Hard Luck Papa" (1976) and "Roll On, Roll On" (2009), and also recorded with artists like Mike Seeger, Peggy Seeger, and Spider John Koerner. Paley was known for his skill as an arranger and composer, and often incorporated complex harmonic and rhythmic elements into his music.

In addition to his musical work, Paley was also a respected mathematician. He earned his PhD in mathematics from Columbia University in 1950, and went on to teach at a number of universities throughout his career, including the University of Chicago, Dartmouth College, and Brown University. He contributed to the field of topology and served as editor of the journal "Topology" for several years.

Paley's contributions to the American folk music scene were recognized with a Lifetime Achievement Award from the Folk Alliance in 2003. He spent his final years living in England, where he continued to perform and record music. He passed away in Brighton, England in September 2017.

Throughout his musical career, Tom Paley experimented with various instruments, including the banjo, mandolin, and autoharp. He was known for his unique approach to fiddle playing, incorporating blues and swing influences into his traditional old-time style. In addition to his solo work, Paley was a sought-after collaborator, and worked with many notable musicians throughout his career, including Ry Cooder, Emmylou Harris, and Jerry Garcia.

Paley was also a dedicated teacher, and often gave workshops and master classes on traditional American music. He authored a book on fiddle playing, "Tom Paley's Guide to Fiddling," which was published in 1992 and is still widely used by musicians today.

Despite his success as a musician and mathematician, Paley always remained humble and devoted to his craft. He once said of his music, "I don't play for fame or money. It's a pleasure to make music, and that's the only reason I do it." His legacy as a musician and scholar continues to inspire generations of artists to this day.

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Henry Cosby

Henry Cosby (May 12, 1928 United States of America-January 22, 2002) also known as Hank Cosby or Cosby, Henry was an American songwriter, musician and record producer.

He is best known for his work with Motown Records, where he wrote and/or produced hit songs for artists such as Stevie Wonder, The Supremes, and Marvin Gaye. Cosby began his career as a musician, playing the saxophone and arranging music for various bands in Detroit. He joined Motown in the early 1960s, where he quickly established himself as a talented songwriter and producer. Some of his most famous compositions include "My Cherie Amour," "The Tears of a Clown," and "Too Busy Thinking About My Baby." Cosby received numerous accolades throughout his career, including Grammy Awards for his work as a producer, and was inducted into the Songwriters Hall of Fame in 1984. He passed away in 2002 at the age of 73.

In addition to his work at Motown, Henry Cosby also collaborated with other notable musicians such as The Temptations, Gladys Knight & the Pips, and The Jackson 5. He even worked on music for films, including the theme song for the movie "The Big Score." Cosby also released several albums as a solo artist and performed as a session musician on numerous recordings. Outside of music, he was passionate about education and founded the Cosby Foundation to provide scholarships for underprivileged students. He also served on the board of the Detroit Symphony Orchestra. Cosby's music continues to be celebrated and his contributions to the Motown sound are legendary.

In addition to his musical accomplishments, Henry Cosby was also a trailblazer for African-American artists in the music industry. He was one of the few black producers working at Motown during the 1960s and helped to break down barriers for other black producers and musicians.

Despite his success, Cosby was known for being a humble and kind individual. He was highly respected by his colleagues and was known for his ability to bring out the best in the artists he worked with. Many of his peers have spoken fondly of his contributions to the Motown sound and his impact on the music industry as a whole.

Cosby's legacy continues to influence and inspire musicians today. His iconic songs have been covered and sampled by countless artists across various genres, and his pioneering work at Motown remains an important part of music history.

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Thomas Stewart

Thomas Stewart (August 29, 1928 San Saba-September 24, 2006 Rockville) also known as Stewart, Thomas was an American singer.

His albums: Parsifal.

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Tony Williams

Tony Williams (April 5, 1928 Elizabeth-August 14, 1992) was an American singer.

He is best known as a member of the Platters, one of the most successful vocal groups of the 1950s. Williams joined the group in 1953 as its lead singer, replacing original member Cornell Gunter. With Williams as their frontman, the Platters scored a string of hits including "Only You", "The Great Pretender", and "Smoke Gets in Your Eyes".

Williams left the group in 1960 to pursue a solo career, recording several albums and singles throughout the 1960s and 1970s. He also briefly reunited with the Platters for a short time in the 1960s before leaving the group again.

Throughout his career, Williams was known for his distinctive tenor voice and his ability to convey emotion in his singing. He was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame as a member of the Platters in 1990, two years before his death from emphysema at the age of 64.

Tony Williams was born in Elizabeth, New Jersey, and began his musical career singing in local gospel choirs. He was discovered by Buck Ram, the manager of the Platters, while performing with a group called the Chimes. Williams was only 15 years old when he joined the Platters and his youthful voice helped bring a fresh sound to the group's music.

After leaving the Platters, Williams continued to record and perform, both as a solo artist and with other groups. He had a minor hit in 1961 with the song "My Foolish Heart" and recorded several albums for various labels throughout the 1960s and 1970s. Williams also appeared in several films, including "Rock, Rock, Rock!" and "The Girl Can't Help It".

Despite his success in the music industry, Williams struggled with drug addiction and legal troubles throughout his life. In the early 1980s, he committed himself to rehabilitation and was able to overcome his addiction. He later became an advocate for drug rehabilitation and worked with organizations that provided assistance to those struggling with addiction.

Williams passed away in 1992 due to complications from emphysema, a disease he had been battling for many years. His contributions to music, both as a member of the Platters and as a solo artist, have made him a legend in the industry and his voice continues to be celebrated today.

In addition to being known for his music, Tony Williams was also a charismatic performer known for his flashy stage presence and style. He was often seen wearing sequined suits and performing energetic dance moves while singing. Williams was also known for his collaborations with other artists. He worked with musicians such as Sammy Davis Jr. and Ella Fitzgerald, and he recorded an album with jazz pianist Herbie Hancock in 1964. Despite his success, Williams faced racial discrimination throughout his career. He was often barred from performing at certain venues and was subject to segregation laws while touring in the South. Despite these challenges, Williams continued to push the boundaries of music and pave the way for future generations of artists. Today, he is remembered as one of the greatest vocalists of his time and as an influential figure in the history of rock and roll.

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Richard Wyands

Richard Wyands (July 2, 1928 Oakland-) otherwise known as Wyands, Richard is an American jazz pianist.

His albums: Get Out of Town, Reunited and As Long as There’s Music. Genres he performed: Jazz.

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Jacob Lateiner

Jacob Lateiner (May 31, 1928 Havana-December 12, 2010) was an American pianist.

He was known for his virtuosic technical skills and was considered one of the finest pianists of his generation. Lateiner started playing the piano at the age of four and made his debut with the New York Philharmonic Orchestra at the age of 15. He later studied at the Juilliard School with legendary pianist Josef Lhevinne. Lateiner had a successful career as a soloist and chamber musician, performing with many notable orchestras and musicians throughout his life. He also taught at the Juilliard School for more than 40 years and was known as a dedicated and inspiring teacher, influencing many generations of pianists. In addition to his music career, Lateiner was also a dedicated painter and exhibited his artwork in galleries in the United States and Europe.

Lateiner's recordings received critical acclaim and he was particularly revered for his performances of Beethoven and Chopin. Some of his notable recordings include Bach's Goldberg Variations, Beethoven's Piano Sonata No. 18 and Chopin's Nocturnes. He was awarded the First Prize at the first Johann Sebastian Bach International Piano Competition in 1950.

Lateiner was also known for his interest in literature, philosophy and mathematics, and he often incorporated these interests into his teaching and performances. In his later years, he suffered from Parkinson's disease but continued to perform and teach until shortly before his death in 2010. He was survived by his wife, Berenice, and his daughter, Rebecca. His legacy as both a pianist and educator continues to inspire generations of musicians around the world.

Lateiner was born in Havana, Cuba, to parents of Russian-Jewish descent who had emigrated from Russia. His family moved to New York when he was a child, and his father, a physician, recognized his son's musical talents early on. As a young prodigy, Lateiner performed on national radio programs and played for the likes of Sergei Rachmaninoff and Leopold Stokowski.

Aside from his performances, Lateiner was also an advocate for contemporary music and premiered works by notable composers such as Aaron Copland, Gian Carlo Menotti, and Leonard Bernstein. He was a member of Composers Forum, a group dedicated to promoting new music.

Lateiner received numerous honors throughout his career, including a Fulbright Fellowship and a Guggenheim Fellowship. He also served on the juries of several international piano competitions.

In addition to his wife and daughter, Lateiner was survived by two grandchildren. His contributions to the world of music, art, and education continue to be remembered and celebrated by those who knew him.

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Ernestine Anderson

Ernestine Anderson (November 11, 1928 Houston-) also known as Earnestine Anderson or Anderson, Ernestine is an American singer.

Her albums include Ernestine Anderson, My Kinda Swing, Love Makes the Changes, Ballad Essentials, Be Mine Tonight, Boogie Down, Hello Like Before, Isn't It Romantic, Live at the 1990 Concord Jazz Festival: Third Set and Never Make Your Move Too Soon. Genres she performed include Jazz and Blues.

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Vassar Clements

Vassar Clements (April 25, 1928 Kinard-August 16, 2005 Goodlettsville) also known as Clements, Vassar, Vassar Carlton Clements, Superbow, Isaac Stern of the Fiddle or The Miles Davis of Bluegrass was an American fiddler, jazz violinist, musician, record producer and music arranger.

His albums include Crossing the Catskills, Vassar Clements, Hillbilly Jazz, Superbow, Vassar Clements Band, Hillbilly Jazz Rides Again, Vassar Clements, John Hartford, & Dave Holland, Once in a While, 20 Fiddle Tunes & Waltz Favorites and Back Porch Swing. His related genres: Country and Bluegrass.

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Etta Jones

Etta Jones (November 25, 1928 Aiken-October 16, 2001 Mount Vernon) a.k.a. Jones, Etta was an American singer and songwriter.

Her albums include From the Heart, All the Way: Etta Jones Sings Sammy Cahn, Don't Go to Strangers, Etta Jones Sings Lady Day, The Chronological Classics: Etta Jones 1944-1947, Hollar!, Doin' What She Does Best, Lonely and Blue, My Buddy: The Songs of Buddy Johnson and The Melody Lingers On. Her related genres: Jazz, Pop music and Rhythm and blues.

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