American musicians died at 62

Here are 23 famous musicians from United States of America died at 62:

Michael Ritchie

Michael Ritchie (November 28, 1938 Waukesha-April 16, 2001 New York City) a.k.a. Michael Brunswick Ritchie or Allen Smithee was an American film director, film producer and television director. His children are Lillian Ritchie, Steven Ritchie, Miriam Ritchie, Jessica Ritchie, Lauren Ritchie, Nelly Bly and Billy Bly.

Michael Ritchie was known for his work as a film director, producer and television director. He was born and raised in Waukesha, Wisconsin and graduated from Harvard University where he was president of the Lampoon comedy magazine. Ritchie began his career in television during the 1960s, subsequently moving on to directing films. He achieved critical and commercial success with his films, including The Candidate, Smile, and The Bad News Bears. In addition to his career in film and television, Ritchie was also active in theater and directed several plays on Broadway. He died in 2001 in New York City at the age of 62 due to complications from prostate cancer.

During his career, Michael Ritchie worked with notable actors such as Robert Redford, Walter Matthau, Burt Reynolds, Goldie Hawn, and Bruce Dern. He also received several awards and nominations for his work, including an Academy Award nomination for Best Director for The Candidate.

Ritchie was known for his ability to capture the zeitgeist of the time and his films often had a comedic but cynical tone, reflecting the political and social climate of the era. He was also praised for his ability to work with actors and bring out their best performances.

Apart from his work in film and television, Ritchie was also a talented artist and photographer. His work has been exhibited in galleries and published in several books.

Despite his success in the industry, Ritchie remained relatively private and was not a part of the Hollywood mainstream. He was remembered by his peers as a talented and unique filmmaker who made an impact on the industry with his distinctive style and vision.

He died as a result of prostate cancer.

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Sonny Bono

Sonny Bono (February 16, 1935 Detroit-January 5, 1998 Stateline) a.k.a. Salvatore Philip Bono, Mayor Sonny Bono, Sonny Christie, Ronny Sommers, Prince Carter, Salvatore Phillip "Sonny" Bono, Sonny or Sonny Bonno was an American record producer, politician, singer, actor, songwriter, musician and film score composer. He had five children, Chaz Bono, Christine Bono, Chesare Elan Bono, Chianna Maria Bono and Sean Bono.

His discography includes: Inner Views and Laugh at Me. Genres: Rock music and Pop music.

He died caused by skiing accident.

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Carl Sagan

Carl Sagan (November 9, 1934 Brooklyn-December 20, 1996 Seattle) a.k.a. Carl Edward Sagan, carl_sagan or Dr. Carl Sagan was an American astronomer, planetary scientist, astrobiologist, scientist, science writer, physicist, novelist, writer, professor, cosmologist, astrophysicist, screenwriter and voice actor. He had five children, Sasha Sagan, Nick Sagan, Samuel Sagan, Dorion Sagan and Jeremy Sagan.

Related albums: A Glorious Dawn.

He died caused by pneumonia.

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Charles Follen McKim

Charles Follen McKim (August 24, 1847 Chester County-September 14, 1909 St. James) also known as Charles F. McKim was an American architect.

He was one of the founders of the architectural firm McKim, Mead, and White, which was responsible for designing many iconic buildings like the Boston Public Library and the Pennsylvania Station in New York City. McKim is known for his contributions to the Beaux-Arts movement in architecture, which emphasized classical forms and decorative elements. Additionally, he was an early advocate for historical preservation, helping to found the American Academy of Rome to preserve the classical architecture of the city. Despite his success as an architect, McKim also suffered from health problems and passed away at the age of 62.

McKim was born to a well-to-do Quaker family in Pennsylvania and was educated at Harvard University. He traveled to Europe after graduating from college and was inspired by the classical architecture of Italy, which heavily influenced his architectural style. After returning to the United States, McKim formed the architectural firm McKim, Mead, and White in 1879, which quickly became one of the most prominent architecture firms of the Gilded Age.

Some of McKim's other notable works include the Morgan Library in New York, the University Club in New York, and the Rhode Island State House. In addition to his architectural work, McKim was also involved in various social and cultural organizations. He was a member of the Metropolitan Club, the Century Association, and the American Academy in Rome.

Despite his premature death, McKim left a lasting impact on American architecture. His buildings continue to be admired for their grandeur and timeless elegance. McKim is often considered as one of the finest practitioners of Beaux-Arts architecture in America.

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June Cochran

June Cochran (February 20, 1942 Indianapolis-May 21, 2004 Wisconsin) was an American nude glamour model.

She gained fame by appearing in men's magazines such as Playboy and Gent in the 1960s. June Cochran was chosen as Playboy magazine's Playmate of the Month in October 1962, and later was named Playmate of the Year in 1963. She continued modeling for several years after her Playboy appearances and also worked as a nightclub performer in Las Vegas. Following her retirement from modeling, Cochran traveled extensively and took up painting as a hobby. She passed away at the age of 62 in Wisconsin in 2004. Cochran is remembered as one of the iconic Playboy Playmates of the early 1960s.

Born in Indianapolis, Indiana in 1942, June Cochran rose to fame as one of the most successful Playboy models of her time. Before posing for Playboy, Cochran attended the University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) as a drama major. She got her start in modeling while working for a Los Angeles-based advertising agency, where she was discovered by a photographer for Playboy.

In addition to her work as a model and nightclub performer, Cochran also appeared in several films, including "Beach Party" and "The Love-Ins." She later went on to star in the 1967 film "It's a Bikini World," in which she played a character named "Augusta."

In the years following her retirement from modeling, Cochran continued to pursue her passion for art. She began painting in the early 1990s and eventually became a successful artist, with her work being featured in galleries across the United States.

Despite achieving great success in both her modeling and artistic careers, June Cochran remained humble throughout her life. She is remembered not only for her beauty and talent, but also for her kindness and generosity towards others.

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Edward Abbey

Edward Abbey (January 29, 1927 Indiana-March 14, 1989 Tucson) a.k.a. edward_abbey was an American philosopher, novelist, writer, author and environmentalist.

He is best known for his advocacy of environmental issues and criticism of government and corporate policies that ignored the destructive impacts of human activities on the natural environment. Abbey's most famous book, "Desert Solitaire," is a memoir of his experiences as a park ranger in Arches National Park, Utah. His other notable works include "The Monkey Wrench Gang," a novel that inspired the formation of the radical environmentalist group Earth First!, and "Hayduke Lives!," a sequel to "The Monkey Wrench Gang." Abbey's writing style is characterized by a blend of humor, poetry, and passionate advocacy for the natural world. He has been described as a "prophet of the American wilderness" and a "voice for the underdog." Abbey's influence on the environmental movement continues to be felt today.

Abbey was born in Indiana, but grew up in Pennsylvania and later served in the military during World War II. After the war, he attended the University of New Mexico and later worked as a park ranger at various national parks in the western United States. It was during his time as a park ranger in Arches National Park that he wrote "Desert Solitaire."

In addition to his writing, Abbey was also an outspoken activist. He was a prominent critic of the Glen Canyon Dam and the proposed construction of a highway through the Grand Canyon, and he often participated in protests and civil disobedience. Abbey's advocacy for the natural environment was coupled with a belief in personal freedom and a suspicion of authority, which often put him at odds with both mainstream society and the environmental movement.

Abbey's legacy has continued to grow since his death in 1989. His works have inspired generations of environmental activists and his vision of a world in which human beings live harmoniously with the natural environment remains a powerful and influential idea.

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Andre Dubus

Andre Dubus (August 11, 1936 Lake Charles-February 24, 1999 Haverhill) also known as Andre Dubus II or Andre Jules Dubus II was an American writer, essayist, novelist, biographer, teacher and author. He had one child, Andre Dubus.

Dubus is known for his realistic and compassionate portrayals of human relationships, often exploring the complexities of love, loss, and moral conflict. His most famous works include "Killings," "The Winter Father," and "Dancing After Hours." He was a recipient of many prestigious awards, including Guggenheim and MacArthur Fellowships. Throughout his life, Dubus also taught creative writing at various universities, including the University of Lowell and Boston University. Despite his success, he also faced personal struggles, including a debilitating car accident in 1986 that left him permanently disabled. Dubus continued to write and publish until his death in 1999.

Dubus was born in Louisiana and raised in Mississippi. He graduated from McNeese State College in Lake Charles, Louisiana, where he also served in the Marine Corps Reserve. After completing his military service, he studied graduate-level writing at the University of Iowa.

Dubus' writing often delved into themes of justice and retribution, drawing on his Catholic upbringing and his belief in forgiveness. His novella "Killings" was adapted into the critically acclaimed film "In the Bedroom" in 2001.

In addition to his own writing, Dubus also edited several anthologies of contemporary American fiction and nonfiction. He was known for his involvement in the literary community, offering support and encouragement to emerging writers.

After his accident in 1986, Dubus became an advocate for disabled individuals and frequently wrote about his experiences with disability in his work. Many of his later essays and stories deal with the challenges and triumphs of living with a disability.

Dubus' legacy continues to inspire writers and readers alike. His work has been praised for its emotional depth and honesty, and his contributions to the literary community have been widely recognized.

He died caused by myocardial infarction.

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Arlene Raven

Arlene Raven (July 12, 1944 United States of America-August 1, 2006 Brooklyn) was an American writer and art critic.

Raven was a notable feminist art critic, and her works aimed to call attention to the often-overlooked contributions of women in the art world. She was a founding member of the Women's Caucus for Art, and her activism helped to pave the way for greater representation of women in museums and galleries. In addition to her work as a critic, Raven was also an accomplished professor of art history and women's studies, teaching at a variety of institutions including the University of California, Berkeley and the School of Visual Arts in New York City. Throughout her career, she authored several books and countless articles on topics ranging from feminist art to the role of art in social justice movements. Raven's contributions to the art world continue to be celebrated and remembered today.

Raven was born in Baltimore, Maryland and grew up in a Jewish family. She received her Bachelor's degree from Goucher College and later pursued postgraduate studies at City University of New York, where she earned her Master's degree. Raven was known for her dedication to social justice issues, and her work often reflected her political beliefs. She was a strong advocate for LGBTQ+ rights, and her writing frequently addressed the intersection of gender, sexuality, and art. Raven was also a talented artist, and her work was exhibited in galleries across the United States. In addition to her activism and writing, she was a beloved mentor to many young artists and writers, and her legacy continues to inspire new generations of feminists and art critics.

She died as a result of kidney cancer.

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Ai (October 21, 1947 Albany-March 20, 2010 Stillwater) also known as Florence Anthony or Ai Ogawa was an American writer and poet.

Ai was born as Florence Anthony in Albany, Texas, and was later adopted by a Japanese-American couple. She grew up in Tucson and West Los Angeles, where she faced discrimination due to her mixed-race heritage. Despite this, Ai developed a love for poetry and went on to study at the University of Arizona and University of California, Irvine.

Throughout her career, Ai published seven volumes of poetry, often exploring themes of race, gender, and identity. She received numerous awards and honors for her work, including the prestigious National Book Award in 1999 for "Vice: New and Selected Poems."

Ai was known for her powerful and emotionally charged poetry which often dealt with difficult subjects such as rape, murder, and violence. She was a beloved professor of English and creative writing at Oklahoma State University, where she taught for over 20 years. Ai passed away in Stillwater, Oklahoma in 2010, leaving a lasting impact on the poetry world.

Ai's poetry was both haunting and captivating, often dealing with taboo topics that were considered taboo at the time. Her work was especially notable for its focus on exploring the experiences of marginalized communities, particularly people of color and women. Some of her other important works include "Killing Floor," "Greed," and "No Surrender." Ai was a recipient of numerous awards and honors, including a Guggenheim Fellowship, an American Book Award, and a National Endowment for the Arts Fellowship, among others. In addition to teaching at Oklahoma State University, she also held teaching positions at numerous other institutions throughout the United States, including the University of California, Santa Cruz, and the University of Alabama. Today, Ai is remembered as an important voice in American poetry and a trailblazer for writers exploring difficult subject matter.

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Gil Scott-Heron

Gil Scott-Heron (April 1, 1949 Chicago-May 27, 2011 New York City) also known as Gill Scott Heron, Scott-Heron, Gil, Gil Scott, Gil Scot-Heron, Gil Scott Heron, Gilbert "Gil" Scott-Heron, Gilbert Scott-Heron or Gil Dcott-Heron was an American author, poet, songwriter, writer, singer, rapper, artist, musician, film score composer and music artist. He had five children, Gia Scott-Heron, Rumal Rackley, Raquiyah Kelly Heron, Chegianna Newton and Nia Kelly.

Discography: Ghetto Style, Glory: The Gil Scott-Heron Collection, Moving Target, Real Eyes, Reflections, Spirits, The Best of Gil Scott-Heron, The Mind of Gil Scott Heron, The Revolution Will Not Be Televised and Tales of Gil Scott-Heron. Genres he performed: Jazz-funk, Spoken word, Soul music, Jazz, Spoken Word Soul, Fusion, Folk music, Blues and Rap music.

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Lux Interior

Lux Interior (October 21, 1946 Stow-February 4, 2009 Glendale) also known as Erik Lee Purkhiser, Erick Purkhiser, Vip Vop or Raven Beauty was an American singer.

Genres he performed: Psychobilly, Garage punk, Punk blues, Horror punk, Rock and roll and Punk rock.

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August Derleth

August Derleth (February 24, 1909 Sauk City-July 4, 1971 Sauk City) also known as August W. Derleth, August William Derleth or Stephen Grendon was an American writer and novelist.

August Derleth was a prolific writer who contributed immensely to American literature. He was the founder of Arkham House, which was known for publishing the works of H.P. Lovecraft, and he also wrote extensively in many genres including horror, science fiction, and mystery. Derleth published over 150 books during his lifetime and was nominated for the prestigious Edgar Allan Poe Award. In addition, he was a poet, anthologist, and publisher, and his works were widely acclaimed. Derleth's most famous creation was his series of stories featuring the character Solar Pons, a detective who was heavily influenced by Sherlock Holmes. He lived his entire life in Sauk City, Wisconsin, where he died at the age of 62. Despite his passing, August Derleth's work continues to inspire and entertain readers around the world.

Derleth was born into a family of modest means and was the third child of Rose Louise Volk and William Julius Derleth. He began writing at a young age and by the time he was in high school, he was already publishing his work in local newspapers. He attended the University of Wisconsin-Madison but dropped out after two years to pursue his writing career. In 1926, he founded his own publishing company, Stanton and Lee, which published his first book, "The Outsider and Others," a collection of horror stories by H.P. Lovecraft.

After Lovecraft's death in 1937, Derleth worked tirelessly to preserve his legacy and promote his work. He founded Arkham House in 1939 and published many of Lovecraft's works as well as other writers of supernatural horror. Derleth himself became a prolific writer and his work was published in many prestigious magazines including Weird Tales and Ellery Queen's Mystery Magazine.

In addition to his writing, Derleth was also a prominent member of the Sauk City community. He served as the president of the Sauk City Chamber of Commerce and was a member of several local organizations. He was also active in politics and supported conservation efforts in Wisconsin.

Despite his many accomplishments, August Derleth remained a modest and down-to-earth person. He was widely respected and admired for his generosity and kindness, and his legacy continues to inspire new generations of writers and readers.

He died caused by myocardial infarction.

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Dwight L. Moody

Dwight L. Moody (February 5, 1837 Northfield-December 22, 1899 Northfield) also known as Dwight Lyman Moody, D. L. Moody, D. L Moody or Dwight Moody was an American writer, evangelist, pastor and preacher. His children are Paul Dwight Moody and William Revell Moody.

Moody was born into an impoverished family and left school at a young age to work and support his family. Despite minimal formal education, he was a devout Christian and began preaching at the age of 17. Moody's evangelistic approach was distinct compared to other preachers of his time, as he spoke in plain and simple language that resonated with a broad audience. He also emphasized the importance of personal conversion and instrumental music during his sermons.

Over the course of his career, Moody preached in various countries such as Canada, the United Kingdom, and Australia, and he founded the Moody Church, Moody Bible Institute, and Moody Publishers. He was also a prolific writer, having published over 20 books during his lifetime. Moody's work as an evangelist and pastor had a profound impact on American religious life and his legacy can still be felt in modern evangelicalism.

Moody's influence on American Christianity was not only through his preaching and writing, but also through his active involvement in social issues of his time. He believed that Christians must demonstrate their faith by serving others, and this philosophy led him to establish the Chicago Avenue Church, which offered programs for the urban poor, including employment services, housing, and education. In addition, he strongly supported the creation of the Young Men's Christian Association (YMCA) and the Student Volunteer Movement for Foreign Missions. Moody's dedication to social justice has inspired numerous charitable organizations to this day.

One of Moody's most notable achievements was his role in the 1875 revival in Britain, which had a significant impact on the Protestant movement in the country. During his time there, he preached to thousands of people and many were converted to Christianity. After his successful campaign in Britain, Moody continued his work in the United States, where he organized numerous revival meetings and evangelistic campaigns that reached millions of people. Despite his success, Moody remained humble and dedicated to his faith until the end of his life. He died unexpectedly in his sleep at the age of 62, leaving behind a legacy that has inspired generations of Christians around the world.

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James G. Blaine

James G. Blaine (January 31, 1830 West Brownsville-January 27, 1893 Washington, D.C.) also known as James Blaine was an American lawyer and politician. He had two children, Emmons Blaine and Walker Blaine.

Blaine served as a member of the United States House of Representatives from Maine, as well as Speaker of the House. He also served as a senator from Maine and as a U.S. Secretary of State under President Benjamin Harrison. He was known for his skills in public speaking and was a prominent figure within the Republican Party during his time. Blaine was also involved in several controversies, including the "Mulligan Letters" scandal and allegations of corruption during his time as Secretary of State. Despite these controversies, he remained a prominent figure in American politics and was a key player in shaping foreign policy during his time as Secretary of State.

Blaine was born in West Brownsville, Pennsylvania, and later moved to Maine where he became involved in politics. In addition to his political career, Blaine was a successful lawyer and businessman. He was known for his support of protective tariffs and was a proponent of American exceptionalism. Blaine ran for president twice, in 1884 and 1888, but was unsuccessful both times.

Blaine was also an advocate for the rights of African Americans and Native Americans, and was a supporter of education reform. In 1892, he helped to found the International Bureau of American Republics, which eventually became the Organization of American States.

Throughout his career, Blaine was known for his wit and charm, and was admired by many for his political skill and intelligence. He was also controversial, with his opponents criticizing him for his alleged ties to business interests and his now-infamous "Rum, Romanism, and Rebellion" comment during the election of 1884.

Despite his mixed legacy, Blaine remained a pivotal figure in American politics during the late 19th century, and his contributions to American foreign policy and domestic politics are still studied and debated today.

He died caused by myocardial infarction.

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John Hanson

John Hanson (April 14, 1721 Port Tobacco Village-November 15, 1783 Prince George's County) was an American politician.

He was one of the Founding Fathers of the United States and delegate to the Continental Congress, where he served as the President of the Continental Congress for one year. Hanson is known for being the first president of the United States in Congress assembled, serving as the head of the country's government for the first year of its existence under the Articles of Confederation. He played an important role in the early days of American history, serving the Revolutionary War effort and working tirelessly towards the formation of a new nation. Hanson was an advocate for the rights of citizens and a strong supporter of the idea of a centralized government, and his contributions to the development of the United States cannot be overstated.

Prior to his political career, John Hanson had a successful business as a planter and merchant. He was also an active member of the community, serving in various positions such as justice of the peace and sheriff. During the Revolutionary War, Hanson provided financial support to the Continental Army and helped recruit soldiers.

As president of the Continental Congress, Hanson presided over a critical period in the formation of the United States. He played a key role in negotiating peace with Great Britain and in implementing the Articles of Confederation, which established the first national government. While his term was relatively brief, Hanson is remembered as a steady and committed leader who worked to bring about the formation of a permanent government for the new nation.

After his time in Congress, Hanson returned to Maryland and continued to serve in various political roles, including as a member of the state legislature and as a judge. He remained active in politics until his death in 1783, and his legacy as a defender of liberty and national unity lives on to this day.

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Leonard Bloomfield

Leonard Bloomfield (April 1, 1887 Chicago-April 18, 1949 New Haven) was an American scientist.

He was a linguist and anthropologist who made significant contributions to the development of structural linguistics. Bloomfield's most famous work, Language, presented his theory of morphology and syntax, which became the foundation of modern linguistics. He was also a pioneer in the study of Native American languages, particularly Algonquian languages, and he created the first comprehensive grammar of the Menomini language. Despite suffering from a chronic illness for most of his life, Bloomfield wrote prolifically and influenced many linguists who followed in his footsteps.

Bloomfield was raised in a Jewish family and he studied Sanskrit and Indo-European with renowned linguist and historian of religion, F. Max Müller, in Germany. He later earned his PhD in Germanic linguistics from the University of Chicago in 1909. Throughout his career, he held teaching positions at several prestigious universities, including the University of Chicago, the University of Michigan, and Yale University, where he helped to establish the department of linguistics.

Bloomfield's approach to linguistics was heavily influenced by his training in the natural sciences, and his work emphasized the importance of empirical data in the study of language. He saw language as a system of communication that could be studied objectively, and he believed that the structure of language could be understood through careful analysis of its parts. His emphasis on rigorous analysis and empirical research had a lasting impact on the field of linguistics.

In addition to his work on language and linguistics, Bloomfield was also interested in anthropology and he conducted fieldwork among the Menomini people of Wisconsin. His observations and recordings of their language and culture were instrumental in the development of the field of ethnography.

Bloomfield passed away at the age of 62 due to complications from a stroke. His contributions to the field of linguistics continue to be widely recognized and celebrated to this day.

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L. Frank Baum

L. Frank Baum (May 15, 1856 Chittenango-May 6, 1919 Hollywood) otherwise known as Lyman Frank Baum, L Frank Baum, Edith Van Dyke, Frank Baum, Baum, Lyman Frank, Suzanne Metcalf, John Estes Cooke, Captain Hugh Fitzgerald, Laura Bancroft, Floyd Akers, George Brooks, Schuyler Staunton, Louis F. Baum, Edith Van Dyne or Capt. Hugh Fitzgerald was an American journalist, film producer, screenwriter, actor, author, novelist and newspaper editor. He had four children, Robert Stanton Baum, Kenneth Gage Baum, Frank Joslyn Baum and Harry Neal Baum.

Baum is most famously known for writing the children's book, "The Wonderful Wizard of Oz", which was published in 1900. The book has become a beloved classic and has been adapted into various stage productions, films, and television shows. Baum continued to write books in the Oz series, releasing a total of 14 books in the series. He also wrote numerous other stories and novels, including "The Life and Adventures of Santa Claus" and "The Enchanted Island of Yew". In addition to his career as a writer, Baum was also involved in the film industry, founding his own film production company and working on several films, including "The Fairylogue and Radio-Plays" and "The Patchwork Girl of Oz". Baum's legacy as a writer and creative mind continues to influence and inspire generations of readers and writers.

During his lifetime, Baum also worked as a traveling salesman, poultry breeder, and store owner. Before becoming a successful writer, he also tried his hand at several other business ventures, including a theater in South Dakota and a newspaper in Aberdeen, South Dakota.

Baum had a lifelong fascination with theater and the arts, which is evident in his writing. He even wrote several plays in addition to his books, including "The Maid of Arran" and "The King of Gee-Whiz".

Baum's upbringing in a family of wealthy merchants may have influenced some of the themes in his writing, which often dealt with social class, power, and money. He was also a supporter of women's rights and frequently included strong female characters in his books.

Baum's contributions to literature and popular culture have been recognized in numerous ways. He was posthumously inducted into the Science Fiction and Fantasy Hall of Fame in 1997, and his home in Aberdeen, South Dakota has been preserved as a historical site. The L. Frank Baum Memorial Award, which recognizes excellence in children's literature, is also named in his honor.

He died caused by stroke.

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Robert Noyce

Robert Noyce (December 12, 1927 Burlington-June 3, 1990 Austin) was an American inventor, physicist and businessperson.

He co-founded Fairchild Semiconductor in 1957 and Intel Corporation in 1968. He is known as the "Mayor of Silicon Valley" and was also one of the key inventors of the microchip. Noyce was awarded the National Medal of Technology and Innovation in 1987 and posthumously inducted into the National Inventors Hall of Fame in 2000. Noyce's innovations had a significant impact on the computer industry and helped transform Silicon Valley into a hub for technology and innovation.

Noyce grew up in Iowa and earned a bachelor's degree in physics from Grinnell College and a PhD in physics from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Before co-founding Fairchild Semiconductor, Noyce worked at Philco, Shockley Semiconductor Laboratory, and Sperry Rand Corporation. While at Fairchild, Noyce played a significant role in the development of the integrated circuit, which revolutionized the electronics industry.

In 1968, Noyce co-founded Intel Corporation, which introduced the first microprocessor in 1971. This invention made it possible to include more features and functions in smaller computers, and paved the way for the personal computer revolution.

Noyce was also known for his management style, which emphasized collaboration, innovation, and risk-taking. He believed in hiring the best people and giving them the freedom to pursue their ideas. He was a mentor to many successful entrepreneurs and executives, including Steve Jobs, who said of Noyce: "Robert Noyce was a mentor and a father figure to me. He was one of the people who convinced me to start Apple."

Noyce was not only a successful businessman and inventor but also a philanthropist. He and his wife endowed the Noyce Foundation, which supports education initiatives in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics. Noyce died of a heart attack at the age of 62.

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Richard Smalley

Richard Smalley (June 6, 1943 Akron-October 28, 2005 Houston) also known as Richard Errett Smalley was an American scientist, chemist and professor.

Smalley was known for his groundbreaking research in the field of nanotechnology, for which he won the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1996. He is credited with the discovery of a new form of carbon, the buckminsterfullerene, or "buckyball," which has applications in electronics, medicine, and other industries. Smalley also co-founded a nanotechnology research center at Rice University, where he served as a professor of chemistry and physics. In addition to his scientific work, he was an advocate for renewable energy sources and served on the President's Council of Advisors on Science and Technology.

Throughout his career, Richard Smalley was known for his contributions to the study of molecules and their properties. His work on fullerenes, including buckminsterfullerene, was groundbreaking and helped establish the field of nanotechnology. Smalley's research on this new form of carbon helped pave the way for the development of many new technologies, including improved drug delivery systems, more efficient solar cells, and better industrial lubricants.

In addition to his scientific work, Smalley was deeply committed to promoting sustainability and addressing issues related to climate change. He was a strong advocate for renewable energy sources, and worked tirelessly to raise awareness about the need to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. Smalley was also a dedicated mentor to many students and researchers, and helped to train a new generation of scientists and innovators.

Despite his many accomplishments, Smalley continued to be a humble and down-to-earth person throughout his life. He was known for his generosity, kindness, and his willingness to help others, and his legacy continues to inspire scientists and scholars around the world today.

He died as a result of b-cell chronic lymphocytic leukemia.

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Thomas Nast

Thomas Nast (September 27, 1840 Landau-December 7, 1902 Guayaquil) was an American artist, illustrator, cartoonist and visual artist.

Thomas Nast is known as the "Father of the American Cartoon" and is particularly famous for his political cartoons that appeared in the magazine Harper's Weekly. He was a staunch supporter of the Union during the Civil War, and his powerful illustrations played a significant role in shaping public opinion during that time.

In addition to his political cartoons, Nast was also a talented illustrator who produced artwork for books, advertisements, and other publications. He was particularly skilled at drawing animals, and is credited with creating the modern image of Santa Claus as a jolly, rotund figure with a white beard.

Nast's impact on American culture was significant, and his influence can still be seen today. He was a pioneer in the field of political cartooning, and his use of visual images to convey complex ideas helped to shape the way that Americans think about politics and society. Despite dying at a relatively young age, Nast's legacy continues to inspire artists and activists around the world.

During his lifetime, Nast was widely celebrated for his work and received many honors, including being invited to the White House by President Ulysses S. Grant in 1870. However, he also faced controversy, particularly for his negative depictions of Irish Americans and Catholics in his cartoons.

In addition to his career as an artist, Nast was also involved in politics and was a member of the Republican Party. He even ran for Congress in 1884, but was ultimately unsuccessful. Despite this, he remained active in political circles and continued to produce cartoons throughout his life.

Today, Nast's work is considered to be an important part of American history and is studied by scholars and art enthusiasts alike. His illustrations and cartoons provide a unique window into the political and social issues of the 19th century, and his legacy continues to inspire new generations of artists and activists.

He died in yellow fever.

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Alfred Kinsey

Alfred Kinsey (June 23, 1894 Hoboken-August 25, 1956 Bloomington) was an American psychologist, scientist, professor, researcher and biologist.

Kinsey is most commonly known for his ground-breaking work in human sexuality research. He is the author of two books, Sexual Behavior in the Human Male (1948) and Sexual Behavior in the Human Female (1953), which are collectively known as the Kinsey Reports. These books were significant for their time and are still widely discussed and referenced in modern-day debates on sexuality.

Kinsey was also a professor at Indiana University, where he founded the Kinsey Institute for Research in Sex, Gender, and Reproduction, which remains a leading center for research on these topics to this day. His work had a significant impact on the fields of psychology, sociology, and human sexuality research, and he is widely regarded as a trailblazer in this area of scientific inquiry.

During his early career, Kinsey studied and conducted research on gall wasps, eventually becoming an expert in the field. However, it was his later work in human sexuality that earned him international recognition. Kinsey's research was focused on breaking down taboos and exploring the diversity of human sexual behavior. He achieved this by conducting extensive interviews and surveys of thousands of men and women, collecting data on their sexual histories and practices. The Kinsey Reports challenged traditional beliefs about sexual behavior and helped to pave the way for more open discussion and understanding of sexuality. Despite facing backlash from conservative critics, Kinsey's work contributed greatly to the sexual revolution of the 1960s and 70s. Today, Kinsey is remembered as a pioneering figure in the fight for sexual freedom and acceptance.

He died caused by pneumonia.

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J. Robert Oppenheimer

J. Robert Oppenheimer (April 22, 1904 New York City-February 18, 1967 Princeton) a.k.a. J. Robert Oppenheimer, Father of the Atomic Bomb, Julius Robert Oppenheimer or Robert Oppenheimer was an American physicist, scientist and theoretical physicist. His children are called Peter Oppenheimer and Katherine Oppenheimer.

Oppenheimer played a crucial role in the development of the atomic bomb during World War II as the director of the Manhattan Project, overseeing the construction and testing of the first atomic bombs. He was later criticized and had his security clearance revoked during the Red Scare due to his associations with leftist political groups and opposition to the development of the hydrogen bomb. Despite this setback, he continued his research in theoretical physics and became a professor at the Institute for Advanced Study at Princeton University. Oppenheimer was awarded numerous honors throughout his career, including the National Medal of Science in 1963.

Oppenheimer was born into a wealthy family and was educated at Harvard University and the University of Cambridge in England. He later returned to the United States to teach physics at the University of California, Berkeley. Oppenheimer's work in theoretical physics focused on the study of subatomic particles and the behavior of matter and energy at the atomic level.

Despite his contributions to the wartime effort and his role in shaping modern physics, Oppenheimer's legacy remains complicated. His involvement in the development of the atomic bomb sparked a debate about the ethics of using such a devastating weapon, and his later activism and opposition to nuclear proliferation made him a controversial figure. Nevertheless, his contributions to science and his work on behalf of peace continue to be recognized and studied today.

He died caused by laryngeal cancer.

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Leigh Brackett

Leigh Brackett (December 7, 1915 Los Angeles-March 17, 1978 Lancaster) also known as George Sanders or Leigh Douglass Brackett was an American novelist, screenwriter, author and writer.

Leigh Brackett was best known for her work in science fiction and crime fiction. She was a prolific writer, having written novels such as "No Good from a Corpse" and "The Long Tomorrow." Brackett also worked as a screenwriter, writing scripts for classic films like "The Big Sleep" and "Rio Bravo." Her screenwriting work often blended elements of science fiction and noir, earning her the nickname "the Queen of Space Opera." In 1976, she was nominated for an Academy Award for her screenplay adaptation of "The Empire Strikes Back," but unfortunately passed away before the film was released. Despite her success, Brackett was often overshadowed by her male peers in the industry. However, her influence on the science fiction and crime fiction genres can still be seen today.

Leigh Brackett was a trailblazer in the science-fiction genre during a time when men dominated the field. In addition to writing genre-bending works, she was also a mentor to fellow writers, including Ray Bradbury, whom she helped get published. Brackett was also a member of the influential "Killer Bs" group of science fiction writers, which included notable authors such as Robert A. Heinlein and Isaac Asimov. Her impact on science fiction has been recognized with posthumous awards, including an induction in the Science Fiction and Fantasy Hall of Fame in 2014. Her work continues to inspire new generations of writers and fans alike.

She died caused by cancer.

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