American musicians died at 65

Here are 29 famous musicians from United States of America died at 65:

Barnett Newman

Barnett Newman (January 29, 1905 New York City-July 4, 1970 New York City) was an American artist, painter and visual artist.

Newman is best known for his abstract expressionist paintings, particularly his large works which feature "zips," or vertical lines dividing the canvas. He was largely self-taught as an artist, and began seriously exploring painting in the late 1930s. His work was influenced by the abstract styles of other artists of his time, including Mark Rothko and Ad Reinhardt. Newman's paintings were initially met with mixed reviews, but he became increasingly recognized as a leading figure in the art world in the 1950s and 1960s. Today, his works are widely celebrated for their elemental, graphic quality and for their contribution to the development of abstract expressionism.

In addition to his painting, Newman was a prolific writer and art theorist. He often published essays and manifestos discussing the importance of abstract art, and was a founding member of the Artists' Club, a forum for discussing new developments in the art world. Newman also had a deep interest in myth and primitive art, which he believed could provide a framework for understanding modern art. In the 1960s, he began experimenting with sculpture as well, creating large, monolithic works that echoed the scale and simplicity of his paintings. Today, his works are featured in major museums across the world, including the Museum of Modern Art in New York and the Tate Modern in London. Newman is considered one of America's most important abstract expressionist painters.

He died in myocardial infarction.

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Wernher von Braun

Wernher von Braun (March 23, 1912 Wyrzysk-June 16, 1977 Alexandria) a.k.a. Wernher Magnus Maximilian Freiherr von Braun, Dr. Wernher Von Braun, Dr. Werner von Braun or Wernher Braun was an American rocket scientist, physicist, scientist, aerospace engineer and writer. He had three children, Iris Careen von Braun, Peter Constantine von Braun and Margrit Cécile von Braun.

Von Braun was one of the leading figures in the Nazi rocket program during World War II, and was responsible for designing and developing the V-2 rocket. After the war, he surrendered to the Americans and was brought to the United States to work on the development of rockets for the U.S. military. He played a key role in the development of the Saturn V rocket, which was used in the Apollo program to send astronauts to the moon. Von Braun was a prolific author, and wrote several books on space exploration and rocketry during his career. Despite his contributions to space exploration, von Braun's involvement in the Nazi regime has been a source of controversy throughout his life and after his death.

Von Braun was born in Wyrzysk, then in the German Empire (now in Poland). He grew up in a family of aristocrats and was inspired by space exploration at a young age. After completing his education in Germany, he began working for the German Army in developing rocket technology. During World War II, von Braun oversaw the development of the V-2 rocket, which was used to attack London and other Allied cities. Following the war, he was recruited by the United States military as part of Operation Paperclip, which aimed to bring top German scientists to the United States to work on the space program.

Von Braun went on to work for NASA, where he played a key role in developing the Saturn V rocket. He was also instrumental in the Apollo program, which successfully landed astronauts on the moon. His work on rocket technology helped to establish the United States' position as a leader in space exploration.

Despite his accomplishments, von Braun faced criticism for his involvement in the Nazi regime during the war. Some of his colleagues accused him of mistreating forced laborers who worked on the V-2 rocket, and he was never fully exonerated from his wartime activities. Nevertheless, his contributions to the field of rocket science continue to be celebrated, and he remains a controversial and complex figure in the history of space exploration.

He died caused by pancreatic cancer.

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Frederick Carl Frieseke

Frederick Carl Frieseke (April 7, 1874 Owosso-August 24, 1939 Le Mesnil-sur-Blangy) was an American artist and visual artist.

He is best known for his impressionist paintings that often depicted women in domestic settings or in gardens. Frieseke was a member of the Giverny artists' colony in France, where he was heavily influenced by the work and teachings of Claude Monet. He was also heavily influenced by the works of James Abbott McNeill Whistler, and often used a limited color palette in his paintings. Frieseke’s style was recognized for its use of light, color, and the delicate rendering of his subjects. He received numerous awards throughout his career and was a member of many prestigious art organizations, including the National Academy of Design and the American Academy of Arts and Letters.

Frieseke was born in Owosso, Michigan and grew up in Florida. He studied at the Art Institute of Chicago and the Académie Julian in Paris before settling in Giverny with his wife in 1906. Frieseke spent most of his adult life in France, but continued to exhibit his works in the United States. He and his wife returned to the U.S. during World War I, but moved back to France in 1920.

In addition to his paintings, Frieseke was also an accomplished printmaker and created a number of etchings and lithographs throughout his career. His works are now held in numerous museum collections including the Metropolitan Museum of Art, the Art Institute of Chicago, and the Musée d'Orsay.

Frieseke was admired by his peers and was considered a leading figure in the American impressionist art movement. His legacy continues to inspire artists today.

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Dale Gardner

Dale Gardner (November 8, 1948 Fairmont-February 19, 2014 Colorado) was an American seaman and astronaut.

Gardner was selected as an astronaut by NASA in 1978 and flew aboard two Space Shuttle missions in the 1980s. He participated in the STS-8 mission on the Challenger in 1983 and the STS-51A mission on the Discovery in 1984, during which he helped retrieve two stalled communications satellites. Gardner performed two spacewalks during his career, totaling over 12 hours outside the spacecraft. After retiring from NASA in 1989, he worked for several aerospace companies and also served as a consultant for space-related projects. Gardner is remembered as a skilled astronaut and dedicated public servant who made significant contributions to the advancement of space exploration.

Before he became an astronaut, Dale Gardner served as a gunner's mate in the United States Navy, where he spent four years on the destroyer USS Edwards. After leaving the Navy, he earned a degree in ocean engineering from the University of Washington in Seattle in 1974. Gardner then worked as an engineer at Boeing, where he worked on the development of the Supersonic Transport (SST) project.

Gardner's passion for space exploration led him to apply to NASA's astronaut program, where he was selected as part of the 1978 astronaut class. Alongside his fellow astronauts, Gardner underwent extensive training in preparation for space missions, including survival training, water and land survival, rapid donning of spacesuits, and shuttle and space station systems training.

During his time at NASA, Gardner was known for his expertise in extravehicular activity (EVA), or spacewalking. He performed his first spacewalk on the STS-8 mission, becoming the 77th person to perform an EVA. On the STS-51A mission, Gardner was tasked with retrieving two communications satellites that had malfunctioned and were left stranded in orbit. In an impressive feat of precision, Gardner and his fellow crewmembers successfully captured the satellites and repaired them, allowing them to be returned to service.

After retiring from NASA in 1989, Gardner worked as a consultant for various aerospace companies, including Lockheed Martin and Space Industries International. He also became involved in educational outreach programs, speaking to students about his experiences as an astronaut and encouraging them to pursue careers in science and engineering.

In addition to his professional achievements, Gardner was also known for his sense of humor and his love of music. He played guitar and sang in a band with other NASA astronauts and was known to play and sing for his fellow crewmembers during missions.

Gardner's legacy as an astronaut and public servant continues to inspire future generations of space explorers.

He died as a result of intracranial aneurysm.

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Lue Gim Gong

Lue Gim Gong (April 5, 1860 Guangzhou-July 3, 1925 DeLand) otherwise known as The Citrus Wizard was an American horticulturalist.

He is known for his contributions to the development of cold-resistant citrus varieties that could flourish in the northern regions of the United States. Born in Guangzhou, China, Lue Gim Gong migrated to the United States at the age of 12 to work as a laborer in Massachusetts. After years of hard work, he was eventually able to attend college, studying horticulture at the Massachusetts Agricultural College (now the University of Massachusetts Amherst). He began experimenting with citrus breeding, developing varieties of oranges that could withstand colder climates. His work earned him numerous awards and honors, including a medal from the Massachusetts Horticultural Society, and his legacy continues to impact the citrus industry today. However, despite his contributions to the field, Lue Gim Gong faced significant racism and discrimination throughout his life, and his accomplishments were often overlooked or dismissed because of his Chinese heritage.

In addition to his work in horticulture, Lue Gim Gong was also a prolific writer and poet. He published a book of poetry titled "Interludes" in 1901, and his work was featured in various publications throughout his lifetime. He was also passionate about promoting Chinese culture and tradition in the United States, and he often gave lectures and demonstrations on topics such as Chinese cuisine and calligraphy. Despite facing discrimination, Lue Gim Gong remained dedicated to his work and his community, and he is remembered today as a pioneer in the field of citrus breeding and a trailblazer for Chinese-Americans in horticulture and beyond.

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June Jordan

June Jordan (July 9, 1936 Harlem-June 14, 2002 Berkeley) was an American writer, journalist, teacher, poet, biographer, playwright and activist. She had one child, Christopher David Meyer.

June Jordan was a prominent African American feminist and civil rights activist whose writings often centered around social and political issues, including racism, homophobia, gender equality, and the Palestinian liberation struggle. She was a prolific writer, authoring more than twenty books of poems, essays, and political commentary. In addition to her writing, Jordan was a well-respected teacher and worked as a professor at numerous universities, including UC Berkeley and Harvard. She also founded Poetry for the People, a program dedicated to teaching marginalized communities how to write and create poetry. Jordan's legacy has continued to inspire generations of activists and writers, and she remains an important figure in the struggle for social justice.

Jordan's activism and advocacy began in her teenage years when she was a member of CORE (Congress of Racial Equality) and participated in numerous demonstrations for civil rights. She was also a vocal critic of the Vietnam War and the U.S. government's foreign policy.

Jordan's work often blended personal experiences with political commentary and social analysis. Her writing was known for its emotional intensity and passionate advocacy for marginalized communities.

In addition to her teaching and writing, Jordan was also a sought-after public speaker and delivered numerous speeches and lectures throughout her career. She was recognized for her contributions to literature and activism with numerous awards, including the Lila Wallace-Reader's Digest Writers' Award and a PEN Center USA Freedom to Write Award.

Jordan's impact continues to be felt in various fields, including literature, politics, and education. Her work has been adapted for stage and screen, and her essays and poems continue to be studied and celebrated by scholars and writers around the world.

She died in breast cancer.

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Katharine Elizabeth Fullerton Gerould

Katharine Elizabeth Fullerton Gerould (February 6, 1879 Brockton-July 27, 1944) also known as Katharine Elizabeth Fullerton Gerould or Katharine Fullerton Gerould was an American writer and novelist.

She was born in Massachusetts and attended Bryn Mawr College, where she studied Greek and Latin. After graduation, she moved to New York City and became involved in the literary scene, writing for newspapers and magazines such as The New York Times, The Atlantic Monthly, and The New Republic.

Gerould was known for her critical essays, which were often published in the Saturday Review of Literature. She also wrote several novels, including The Aristocrats, which was a bestseller and made into a movie in 1929. Her other works include The Great Tradition, The Middle of the Road, and The Unforgotten Prisoner.

Gerould was a member of the Algonquin Round Table, a group of writers and intellectuals who met regularly in New York City during the 1920s. She was known for her sharp wit and sense of humor, and her writing often reflected her progressive views on women's rights and social justice.

Sadly, Gerould's career was cut short by her untimely death at the age of 65. She died of a heart attack in her New York City apartment, leaving behind a legacy as one of the most important writers of the early 20th century.

Despite her successful writing career, Gerould also faced challenges in her personal life. She was married twice; her first marriage to the journalist Arthur Nash ended in divorce, and her second husband, the writer James Norman Hall, famously co-wrote the book "Mutiny on the Bounty." Gerould and Hall had a turbulent relationship and ultimately divorced as well.

In addition to her writing, Gerould was also involved in activism, particularly in the fight for women's suffrage. She was a member of the National Woman's Party and participated in protests and rallies.

Gerould's contributions to literature and advocacy for social justice continue to be celebrated today. The Katharine Fullerton Gerould Award is given annually by the American Society of Journalists and Authors to recognize excellence in non-fiction writing.

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Moses Coit Tyler

Moses Coit Tyler (August 2, 1835 Griswold-December 28, 1900 Ithaca) a.k.a. Moses Tyler was an American historian.

He was raised in a family of scholars and became interested in history at a young age. Tyler went on to attend Yale University, where he studied under renowned American historian, William H. Prescott. After completing his studies at Yale, Tyler became a professor of history at the University of Michigan, where he would spend most of his academic career.

Tyler was a prolific writer, publishing several books on American history and literature, including "A History of American Literature" and "The Literary History of the American Revolution." He was also a founding member of the American Historical Association and served as its first president in 1884.

Throughout his career, Tyler was known for his dedication to research and scholarship. He was a meticulous historian who believed in the importance of understanding the past in order to shape the future. Today, he is remembered as one of the leading figures in the development of American historical scholarship.

In addition to his accomplishments as a writer and historian, Moses Coit Tyler was also a dedicated teacher. He was known for his engaging lectures and his ability to inspire his students to think critically about history and its impact on society. Tyler was particularly interested in the role of culture in shaping American history, and he was one of the first historians to explore this topic in depth. He also believed in the importance of archival research, and he spent many hours combing through documents and manuscripts in order to uncover new information about the past. Despite his many professional commitments, Tyler remained devoted to his family, and he was known for his kindness and generosity as a husband and father. Today, his legacy lives on through his numerous publications and the impact he had on the development of American historical scholarship.

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Kevin Andrews

Kevin Andrews (January 20, 1924-September 1, 1989) was an American historian. He had two children, Ioanna Andrews and Alexis Andrews.

Kevin Andrews was born in New York City and grew up in a family of intellectuals. He attended Yale University and received his Ph.D. in History from Columbia University. Andrews was a prolific writer, having authored several books on American history. He was also a professor at Harvard University and later at the University of California, Berkeley. Andrews was known for his comprehensive research and his ability to synthesize complex historical events into accessible narratives. Throughout his career, he received numerous awards and fellowships, including the Pulitzer Prize for History in 1963. In addition to his professional accomplishments, Andrews was also an active member of the civil rights movement and campaigned for peace during the Vietnam War. He died in 1989 at the age of 65.

Andrews was particularly interested in the history of the American South and was a leading authority on the subject. He wrote extensively on topics such as the Civil War, Reconstruction, and the Jim Crow era. One of his most famous works, "The Irony of American History," explored the contradictions and paradoxes of American culture and politics.

In addition to his academic pursuits, Andrews was also involved in public service. He served as an advisor to several political campaigns and was a frequent commentator on issues of national importance. His work on civil rights and social justice was particularly notable, and he was considered a leading voice in the struggle for equality.

Andrews' legacy continues to be felt in the field of American history, where he is remembered for his scholarship, his commitment to social justice, and his ability to communicate complex ideas to a wide audience. His contributions to the study of American history have influenced generations of scholars and continue to shape our understanding of the past.

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Francis Bitter

Francis Bitter (July 22, 1902 Weehawken-July 26, 1967) was an American physicist.

He is best known for his pioneering work on nuclear magnetic resonance, which has become an important scientific tool for imaging and spectroscopy. Bitter was also a professor at MIT for over 30 years and mentored several notable scientists in the field of physics. In addition to his scientific achievements, Bitter was also an accomplished artist and photographer, and his artwork has been exhibited in galleries around the world. He received numerous honors during his lifetime, including the National Medal of Science in 1967, which was awarded posthumously.

Bitter was born in Weehawken, New Jersey, and grew up in New York City. He attended Columbia University, where he earned his undergraduate and graduate degrees in physics. Bitter conducted some of his groundbreaking research on nuclear magnetic resonance while working for General Electric in the 1930s. He later joined the faculty at MIT, where he worked for the rest of his career.

Bitter's work on nuclear magnetic resonance involved using powerful magnets to study the properties of atomic nuclei. This research laid the foundation for the development of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), a medical imaging technique that has revolutionized the field of diagnostic medicine.

In addition to his scientific work, Bitter was also a talented artist and photographer. He often used his artistic skills to create visual representations of scientific concepts, and his work was highly regarded by both the scientific and artistic communities.

Bitter's contributions to science were recognized with numerous awards and honors during his lifetime, including the National Medal of Science, the Presidential Certificate of Merit, and the Oliver E. Buckley Condensed Matter Prize. Today, his name is commemorated in the Francis Bitter Magnet Laboratory at MIT, which is dedicated to the study of magnetism and materials science.

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William W. Johnstone

William W. Johnstone (October 28, 1938 Missouri-February 8, 2004 Knoxville) a.k.a. William Johnstone was an American writer and novelist.

He was known for writing popular Western, horror, and survivalist novels, with his most popular series being "The Mountain Man," "The Last Gunfighter," and "Ashes." Johnstone started his writing career in the late 1970s and went on to write over 200 books, many of which were published under different pseudonyms. He was a prolific writer who had a dedicated fan base and continued to write until his death in 2004. Johnstone's legacy and influence can still be seen in the Western and horror genres today.

In addition to writing under his own name, William W. Johnstone also wrote under many pseudonyms, including William Mason, J.A. Johnstone, and Asher Ames. He often collaborated with his brother, J.A. Johnstone, who continues to write under the family name.

Johnstone's novels were known for their fast-paced action, vivid descriptions, and memorable characters. He often drew inspiration from his own experiences living in the American West, where he worked as a ranch hand and rodeo cowboy in his youth.

Despite his success, Johnstone remained humble and dedicated to his craft. He once said, "I tell stories because that's what I was born to do. I love it. I don't know what I'd do if I couldn't write."

Today, William W. Johnstone's books continue to be popular among fans of Western and horror fiction. His legacy as a writer and storyteller lives on.

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Chad Oliver

Chad Oliver (March 30, 1928 Cincinnati-August 9, 1993 Austin) also known as Cerad Oliver or Symmes Chadwick Oliver was an American writer, novelist and anthropologist.

Born and raised in Cincinnati, Ohio, Chad Oliver received his Bachelor's degree from the University of Cincinnati and his PhD in anthropology from the University of California, Berkeley. He taught anthropology at the University of Texas at Austin for many years before retiring in 1980. In addition to his academic work, Oliver was a prolific science fiction writer, publishing over 20 novels and numerous short stories. He was particularly known for his anthropological approach to science fiction, often exploring the cultural clash between humans and alien races. Oliver was also a founding member of the Turkey City Writer's Workshop, a group of science fiction writers based in Austin, Texas.

Oliver's writing career began in the 1950s, with his first published short story appearing in Galaxy Science Fiction in 1952. Over the next several decades, he published numerous acclaimed works, including his novel "The Shores of Another Sea", which was nominated for both the Hugo and the Nebula Awards. His most popular and enduring work is the novel "Mists of Dawn", which explores the lives of a prehistoric tribe of humans who encounter an advanced alien race. Despite his success as a writer, Oliver always maintained his interest in anthropology and often incorporated his knowledge of the field into his fiction. In 1978, he was honored with the Edward E. Smith Memorial Award for Imaginative Fiction. Chad Oliver passed away in Austin, Texas in 1993, leaving behind a legacy as both a respected academic and a talented science fiction author.

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Frank Herbert

Frank Herbert (October 8, 1920 Tacoma-February 11, 1986 Madison) also known as Frank Patrick Herbert or Franklin Patrick Herbert, Jr. was an American writer, novelist and author. He had three children, Brian Herbert, Penny Herbert and Bruce Calvin Herbert.

Herbert is best known for his science fiction novel, "Dune", which was published in 1965 and became a bestseller, winning the Hugo and Nebula awards. The book was adapted into a film in 1984, as well as a television miniseries in 2000. Herbert wrote five sequels to "Dune", all of which were also successful. Throughout his career, he wrote over 20 novels and numerous short stories, covering a wide range of topics such as ecology, politics, and religion. Prior to becoming a full-time writer, Herbert worked as a journalist and photographer. He also served in the US Navy during World War II. Herbert's writing has had a lasting impact on science fiction, and he is seen as one of the genre's most influential writers.

In addition to his prolific writing career, Frank Herbert was deeply interested in and involved with ecological activism. This interest was reflected in his writing, and he often explored the relationship between humans and their environment in his works. Herbert was also heavily influenced by his interest in cultural anthropology and religious studies, and these themes can be seen throughout his writing as well.

Herbert's legacy continues to be felt in popular culture today, with references to his work appearing in music, film, and other forms of media. In 2021, it was announced that a new film adaptation of "Dune" would be released, directed by Denis Villeneuve and starring Timothée Chalamet, Oscar Isaac, and Zendaya among others.

Despite his success as a writer, Herbert remained dedicated to his family and was known for his love of spending time outdoors. Friends and colleagues remember him as a vibrant and engaging individual with a deep curiosity about the world around him.

He died caused by pulmonary embolism.

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Charles Williams

Charles Williams (August 13, 1909 San Angelo-April 7, 1975 Los Angeles) was an American novelist and writer. He had one child, Alison Williams.

Williams was a member of the Inklings, a literary discussion group in Oxford that included notable writers such as C.S. Lewis and J.R.R. Tolkien. He also worked as an editor for Oxford University Press and wrote poetry, plays, and theological works. Williams' novels often involved supernatural or mystical elements and explored themes of death, love, and the intersection of the spiritual and the material. Notable works include "The Place of the Lion," "All Hallows' Eve," and "War in Heaven." Despite his contributions to literature, Williams' work was not widely recognized until after his death.

Charles Williams was born in Texas in 1909, and he attended college at the University of Texas in Austin. After graduation, he moved to England to study at Oxford University. It was here that he became involved in the Inklings, a group of writers who shared a love of literature and a desire to create works of lasting value. Williams' friendship with C.S. Lewis, in particular, was a significant influence on his writing.

Throughout his life, Williams was interested in the intersection of the spiritual and the material. He believed that the two were not separate, but rather intertwined in a complex and mysterious way. This belief is reflected in his novels, which often explore themes of death, love, and redemption.

In addition to his work as a novelist, Williams was also a respected editor and critic. He worked for a time at Oxford University Press, where he helped to publish works by other Inklings such as Lewis and Tolkien. He also wrote poetry, plays, and theological works, and he was a popular speaker and lecturer.

Despite his many accomplishments, Williams' work was not widely recognized during his lifetime. It was only after his death in 1975 that his novels began to gain wider recognition and critical acclaim. Today, he is regarded as one of the key writers of the Inklings, and his influence can be seen in the work of many contemporary writers.

He died in suicide.

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James Duane Doty

James Duane Doty (November 5, 1799 Salem-June 13, 1865 Salt Lake City) was an American lawyer, judge and politician. He had one child, Charles Doty.

James Duane Doty was born in Salem, New York, and was raised in a modest farming family. He began his career as a lawyer in New York, but soon moved to the Wisconsin Territory where he became a prominent lawyer, judge and eventually, a governor. He played a key role in shaping the early legal and political institutions of Wisconsin, and was instrumental in establishing a number of towns and cities throughout the state.

As governor of Wisconsin, Doty was involved in a number of controversies, including a dispute with the federal government over the boundaries of the state, and several scandals surrounding his own personal finances. Despite these challenges, he remained a powerful figure in Wisconsin politics for many years, and was well-respected for his leadership and vision.

In his later years, Doty continued to be an active figure in American politics and society, and was involved in a number of high-profile legal cases. He passed away in Salt Lake City in 1865, leaving behind a legacy as one of the most important leaders of the early American West.

Doty was also involved in the negotiations of multiple treaties with Native American tribes, including the Treaty of Prairie du Chien in 1829 and the Treaty of the Cedars in 1836. He was a driving force behind the development of Madison, Wisconsin, and is credited with being the first person to propose the idea of the University of Wisconsin. In addition to his political and legal pursuits, Doty was an avid collector of natural history specimens and established one of the first museums in the Midwest. He also authored several books, including a history of Wisconsin and a biography of his friend, President James K. Polk. Doty's contributions to the early development of the American West are still celebrated today, and he is remembered as a pioneering figure in American history.

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Abraham Joshua Heschel

Abraham Joshua Heschel (January 11, 1907 Warsaw-December 23, 1972 New York) also known as Abraham Heschel or Abraham Joseph Heschel was an American rabbi, philosopher and professor. He had one child, Susannah Heschel.

Heschel was born into a family of prominent Hasidic rabbis in Poland, and was raised in a devoutly religious household. He was educated at the University of Berlin and later ordained as a rabbi in Poland. After being arrested by the Nazis in World War II, Heschel fled to the United States in 1940, where he taught Jewish ethics and mysticism at the Jewish Theological Seminary of America.

Heschel was a prolific writer, and his books are a blend of Jewish theology, philosophy and ethics, as well as strong moral and moral criticism of society. He was a prominent civil rights activist and spoke out against the Vietnam War, and his activism was rooted in his belief that religion should inspire social and political action. One of his most famous works is "The Sabbath", a philosophical exploration of the meaning and importance of the Jewish day of rest.

Heschel's legacy was that of a theologian and philosopher who sought to bridge the gap between Judaism and the modern world. His writings have had a significant influence on Jewish thought and theology, as well as on interfaith dialogue between Jews, Christians, and Muslims. He passed away in 1972 at the age of 65, leaving behind a body of work that continues to be studied and admired to this day.

Heschel was known for his unique approach to Judaism, which combined the mystical teachings of Hasidism with modern philosophy and critical thought. He believed in the importance of experiencing God through prayer and meditation, and encouraged his followers to seek a deeper spirituality in their everyday lives. Throughout his career, Heschel received numerous awards and honors for his contributions to theology and social justice, including the National Humanities Medal from President Barack Obama in 2009. His activism inspired many in the civil rights movement, and his speeches and writings continue to serve as a source of inspiration for social justice advocates around the world.

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Cotton Mather

Cotton Mather (February 12, 1663 Boston-February 13, 1728 Boston) was an American writer.

Cotton Mather was a prominent Puritan minister, theologian, and scholar who played an important role in the cultural and intellectual development of colonial New England. He wrote over 400 works, including sermons, religious tracts, and historical accounts, and was a strong advocate for the use of science and medicine in the treatment of illness. Mather also gained notoriety for his involvement in the Salem witch trials, during which he advocated for the execution of those accused of witchcraft. Despite his controversial legacy, Mather was a celebrated figure in his own time, and his writings helped shape the religious and intellectual landscape of early America.

Mather was born into a family of notable New Englanders, with his father and three grandfathers all having served as ministers. He graduated from Harvard College at the age of 15 and went on to receive his master's and doctorate degrees from the same institution. Mather's interests were wide-ranging and included topics such as medicine, natural history, and biblical studies. He corresponded with many of the leading intellectuals of his day, both in Europe and in the American colonies.

One of Mather's most important works was "Magnalia Christi Americana," a chronicle of the history of New England from its founding to the late 17th century, which included biographies of notable figures such as John Winthrop and Increase Mather, Cotton's father. Mather also wrote extensively on religious subjects, including sermons and treatises on topics such as the nature of God and the importance of faith.

Mather's involvement in the Salem witch trials has overshadowed much of his other work. He initially supported the trials and even vigorously defended their legality, but later expressed regret for his role in the affair. Despite this, Mather's reputation suffered in the wake of the trials, and he was often criticized for his involvement.

Despite his sometimes controversial legacy, Mather was widely respected during his lifetime and remained a prominent figure in New England intellectual circles until his death. His works were influential in shaping the religious and intellectual landscape of early America, and many of them remain important historical documents to this day.

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George Peppard

George Peppard (October 1, 1928 Detroit-May 8, 1994 Los Angeles) a.k.a. George Peppard Jr., George Peppard Byrne Jr., George William Peppard Jr. or George Peppard, Jr. was an American actor and film producer. His children are Christian Peppard, Julie Peppard and Brad Peppard.

During his acting career, Peppard starred in numerous films, including "Breakfast at Tiffany's," "How the West Was Won," "The Blue Max," and "The A-Team" television series. He also appeared in several stage productions and received critical acclaim for his portrayal of Jack Tanner in George Bernard Shaw's play "Man and Superman."

Peppard served in the United States Marine Corps before pursuing acting, and later became involved in activism and political causes. He participated in the 1963 March on Washington and was a vocal opponent of the Vietnam War. In addition to his acting and activism, Peppard was a skilled pilot and owned several planes.

Peppard was married five times, including to actress Elizabeth Ashley, with whom he had a son. He also had a daughter with his third wife, actress Sherry Boucher. Despite his success as an actor and producer, Peppard struggled with alcoholism throughout his life. He ultimately overcame his addiction and became a member of Alcoholics Anonymous.

Peppard was born in Detroit and raised in Dearborn, Michigan. He attended Purdue University for a brief period before joining the United States Marine Corps. After serving, Peppard studied acting at the prestigious Neighborhood Playhouse in New York City, where he trained under legendary acting coach Sanford Meisner.

In addition to his film and television work, Peppard worked in theater throughout his career. He appeared in numerous Broadway productions, including "The Pleasure of His Company" and "The Lion in Winter."

Peppard's career hit a bit of a dry spell in the 1980s, and he struggled to find work. However, he made a comeback in the 1990s with the critically acclaimed film "The Papal Chase."

Peppard's legacy as an actor and activist continues to inspire many to this day. In 2016, he was posthumously awarded the Marines' Semper Fidelis Award.

He died as a result of pneumonia.

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Joe Pass

Joe Pass (January 13, 1929 New Brunswick-May 23, 1994 Los Angeles) also known as Pass, Joe, Joseph Anthony Passalaqua or Joseph Anthony Jacobi Passalaqua was an American guitarist and composer.

Discography: Intercontinental, Joe Pass at the Montreux Jazz Festival 1975, Better Days, Checkmate, In Hamburg, My Song, Northsea Nights, One for My Baby, Resonance and Simplicity / A Sign of the Times. His related genres: Jazz, Bebop and Hard bop.

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Miles Davis

Miles Davis (May 26, 1926 Alton-September 28, 1991 Santa Monica) also known as Miles Dewey Davis III, Miles Dewey Davis, Prince Of Darkness, Miles Davis Quartet or Miles Davies was an American bandleader, songwriter, composer, trumpeter, musician, artist, film score composer, actor and music artist. He had four children, Cheryl Davis, Gregory Davis, Miles Davis IV and Erin Davis.

His most important albums: Birth of the Cool, Blue Moods, The Musings of Miles, 'Round About Midnight, Miles Ahead, Ascenseur Pour L'échafaud, Milestones, Porgy and Bess, Kind of Blue and Sketches of Spain. Genres related to him: Cool jazz, Bebop, Jazz, Jazz fusion, Modal jazz, Hard bop, Acid jazz, Jazz-funk, Jazz rap, Avant-garde jazz, Smooth jazz and Third stream.

He died in stroke.

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Oscar Hammerstein II

Oscar Hammerstein II (July 12, 1895 New York City-August 23, 1960 Doylestown) also known as Oscar Greeley Clendenning Hammerstein, Mr. Oscar Hammerstein, Oscar Hammerstein 2nd, Ockie, Oscar Hammerstein, Oscar Greeley Clendenning Hammerstein II or Oscar Hammerstein Jrs was an American writer, record producer, songwriter, theatrical producer, theatre director, playwright, librettist, lyricist, screenwriter and music director. He had three children, William Hammerstein, Alice Hammerstein Mathias and James Hammerstein.

His albums: American Songbook Series: Oscar Hammerstein II, Oklahoma! (1980 London revival cast), Oklahoma! (1964 studio cast), Oklahoma!, State Fair (1962 film cast), The Sound of Music, Flower Drum Song (1961 film cast), The Sound of Music (1959 original Broadway cast), The King and I (1956 film cast) and South Pacific (1958 film cast).

He died in stomach cancer.

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Stanley Elkin

Stanley Elkin (May 11, 1930 Brooklyn-May 31, 1995 St. Louis) was an American writer, novelist and essayist.

Elkin was the author of numerous books, including "A Bad Man," "The Franchiser," and "George Mills." He attended the University of Illinois for both his undergraduate and graduate degrees, eventually becoming a professor of English at Washington University in St. Louis. Elkin was the recipient of many awards throughout his career, including a National Endowment for the Humanities fellowship and the American Academy of Arts and Letters Award in Literature. His writing is known for its darkly comic tone and complex characters.

Elkin's literary work often explores the struggles of everyday life and the human condition, often through the lens of characters who have been marginalized by society. His writing style was poignant, laced with dark humor, and poignancy. In addition to his literary work, Elkin was an accomplished scholar of American literature, and he was widely respected as a teacher and mentor by his students. He is remembered as a deeply humanistic writer whose work continues to resonate with readers today.

He died in myocardial infarction.

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Stephen Schneider

Stephen Schneider (February 11, 1945 New York City-July 19, 2010 London) also known as Stephen Henry Schneider, Stephen Schneider PhD, Dr. Stephen H. Schneider, Dr. Stephen Schneider, Prof Stephen Schneider, Professor Stephen Schneider or Stephen H. Schneider was an American scientist, climatologist, author, educator and professor.

Schneider was a renowned expert in the field of climate change and global warming. He was a senior fellow at the Woods Institute for the Environment at Stanford University, where he founded and co-director of the Center for Environmental Science and Policy. He was also the Melvin and Joan Lane Professor for Interdisciplinary Environmental Studies at Stanford. Schneider served as a member of the United Nations Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), which was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 2007. He authored or co-authored over 450 scientific papers and over 20 books, including Science as a Contact Sport: Inside the Battle to Save Earth’s Climate and The Co-Evolution of Climate and Life. Schneider was also an advocate for translating climate science into policy and action, and was actively involved in communicating climate change to the public.

Schneider earned his undergraduate degree in Mechanical Engineering and Applied Sciences from Columbia University and his PhD in Mechanical Engineering and Plasma Physics from the University of Pennsylvania. He began his career as a postdoctoral fellow at NASA's Goddard Institute for Space Studies and later became a staff scientist at the National Center for Atmospheric Research. Throughout his career, Schneider was recognized for his exceptional contributions to climate science and public policy. He received numerous awards, including a MacArthur Fellowship and the American Association for the Advancement of Science's Award for Public Understanding of Science and Technology. Schneider was a frequent commentator on climate change in the media, including The New York Times, The Washington Post, and CNN. He was also a sought-after speaker, giving lectures on climate science and policy around the world. In addition to his scientific accomplishments, Schneider was also known for his kind nature and mentorship of young scientists.

He died as a result of myocardial infarction.

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Walt Disney

Walt Disney (December 5, 1901 Hermosa-December 15, 1966 Burbank) also known as Walter Elias Disney, Retlaw Yensid, Retlaw Elias Yensid, Mr. Disney, Uncle Walt, Disney Walt, Walter Disney, Walter Elias "Walt" Disney or Mickey Mouse was an American film producer, screenwriter, animator, film director, entrepreneur, entertainer, voice actor, businessperson, television producer, film editor, actor and presenter. He had two children, Diane Disney Miller and Sharon Mae Disney.

Disney was a pioneer in the American animation industry and is considered a cultural icon. He co-founded The Walt Disney Company with his brother, Roy O. Disney, and is credited with creating some of the most beloved characters in entertainment history, including Mickey Mouse, Donald Duck, and Goofy. He also produced several classic animated films, such as Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs, Pinocchio, and Fantasia.

In addition to his work in animation, Disney was also a successful television producer and theme park designer. He created the Disneyland and Walt Disney World theme parks, which continue to attract millions of visitors each year. Disney's legacy continues to inspire generations of artists and entertainers, and his name has become synonymous with creativity, imagination, and innovation.

Despite dropping out of high school at the age of 16, Disney went on to receive honorary degrees from prestigious universities, including Harvard and Yale. He was also the recipient of 26 Academy Awards, making him the individual with the most Oscars in history. In addition, he was the first person to have a television program in full color with the introduction of The Wonderful World of Disney. Disney's impact on the entertainment industry cannot be overstated, with his company now being a multi-billion dollar conglomerate. His influence can be seen in countless films, television shows, and theme parks around the world, making him a true visionary of his time.

He died in circulatory collapse.

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Zachary Taylor

Zachary Taylor (November 24, 1784 Barboursville-July 9, 1850 Washington, D.C.) was an American politician, soldier and drummer. He had six children, Richard Taylor, Sarah Knox Taylor, Mary Elizabeth Bliss, Ann Mackall, Octavia Pannell and Margaret Smith.

Zachary Taylor served as the 12th president of the United States from March 1849 until his death in July 1850. Before his presidency, he had a successful career in the military, serving in the War of 1812, Black Hawk War, and Second Seminole War. He was a Whig party candidate and his presidency was marked by his efforts to preserve the Union, especially regarding the issue of slavery. Unfortunately, he died just over a year into his term due to an undetermined illness, which is believed by some to be cholera. Despite his short time in office, Taylor's legacy is remembered for his dedication to keeping the nation united during a divisive time in its history.

During his time in the military, Zachary Taylor was known for his successful leadership and bravery on the battlefield. He earned the nickname "Old Rough and Ready" for his rough appearance and no-nonsense attitude. He was a strong advocate for a strong national defense and expanding the country's borders.

Taylor's presidency was marked by his opposition to the spread of slavery into new territories, which put him at odds with many in his own party. He also faced tension with Congress over issues such as tariffs and the establishment of a national bank.

In addition to his military and political achievements, Taylor was also known for his musical talents as a drummer. He often entertained his troops with his drumming skills during his military campaigns.

After his death, Taylor's body was transported from Washington, D.C. to his hometown of Louisville, Kentucky, in a grand funeral procession that traveled through many cities and towns along the way. He was buried in a private cemetery on his family's plantation, which is now the Zachary Taylor National Cemetery.

He died in infectious disease.

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William Thurston

William Thurston (October 30, 1946 Washington, D.C.-August 21, 2012 Rochester) was an American mathematician.

He was widely recognized for his contributions to the field of low-dimensional topology and geometry. Thurston received his Ph.D. from the University of California, Berkeley, and later became a professor at Princeton University, the University of California, Davis, and the University of California, Berkeley.

Thurston was awarded the Fields Medal in 1982 for his work on hyperbolic geometry and the theory of three-dimensional manifolds. He was also a member of the National Academy of Sciences and a fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences.

Thurston was known for his innovative approach to problem-solving, often developing new tools and techniques to tackle complex mathematical problems. He was also a passionate teacher and mentor, and his work inspired many mathematicians to pursue careers in the field.

Thurston's legacy continues to influence the field of mathematics, and his contributions to topology and geometry are still widely studied and celebrated today.

Thurston was particularly interested in the study of hyperbolic geometry, which deals with the properties of curved spaces. He made significant contributions to the field through his work on the hyperbolization theorem, which states that a three-dimensional manifold can be hyperbolized if and only if it can be decomposed into certain geometric pieces, known as geometric JSJ pieces.

Apart from his work on hyperbolic geometry, Thurston also made important contributions to the study of foliations, which are collections of curves that fill up a space in a particular way. He developed a theory of foliations that allowed mathematicians to understand the structure of certain types of three-dimensional manifolds.

In addition to his research, Thurston was deeply committed to teaching and mentoring young mathematicians. He worked closely with graduate students and postdoctoral researchers, inspiring many of them to pursue careers in mathematics. He was also known for his warm and approachable personality, and his ability to make complex mathematical ideas accessible to a wide audience.

Thurston passed away on August 21, 2012, at the age of 65. Despite his untimely death, his work continues to have a profound impact on the field of low-dimensional topology and geometry, and his legacy serves as an inspiration to mathematicians around the world.

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Harold Washington

Harold Washington (April 15, 1922 Chicago-November 25, 1987 Chicago) was an American lawyer and politician.

Washington was the first African American mayor of Chicago, serving from 1983 until his death in 1987. He was known for his progressive policies and efforts to reform the city government. Prior to serving as mayor, he was a member of the Illinois House of Representatives, the Illinois Senate, and the U.S. House of Representatives. During his time in office, he worked to improve public transportation, expand affordable housing, and promote racial equality. His legacy continues to inspire and influence progressive politics in Chicago and beyond.

Washington was born in Chicago's Bronzeville neighborhood and grew up in poverty during the Great Depression. He graduated from Roosevelt University and Northwestern University Law School before serving in the U.S. Army during World War II. After the war, he began his political career as a precinct captain before getting elected to the Illinois House of Representatives in 1965.

Throughout his political career, Washington was a champion for civil rights and social justice. He was a vocal critic of corruption in Chicago politics and worked to break down the systemic racism in city government. His election as mayor in 1983 was a historic moment for the city, as he won with a strong coalition of African American, Latino, and progressive white voters.

However, Washington's time in office was marred by intense opposition from the city's establishment and racist attacks from conservative politicians and media outlets. Despite these challenges, he remained committed to his vision for a more equitable and just society. His legacy is remembered not only for his groundbreaking election as Chicago's first Black mayor, but for his dedication to uplifting marginalized communities and fighting for social justice for all.

He died in myocardial infarction.

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Daniel Burnham

Daniel Burnham (September 4, 1846 Henderson-June 1, 1912 Heidelberg) a.k.a. D. H. Burnham or Daniel H. Burnham was an American architect, urban planner and designer.

He was born and raised in Chicago, Illinois, and was known for his innovative and grandiose designs that helped shape the city's skyline. Burnham was also the director of works for the 1893 World's Columbian Exposition, which was a defining moment in his career. He was also responsible for the design of several other notable structures across the country, including Union Station in Washington, D.C., and the Flatiron Building in New York City. Burnham was a key figure in the City Beautiful movement, which aimed to improve the living conditions and aesthetics of urban areas in the early 20th century. He died while on a trip to Europe and is remembered as one of the most influential architects and city planners in American history.

Burnham's other notable works include the Rookery Building and Monadnock Building in Chicago, the Fisher Building in Detroit, and the Merchandise Mart in Chicago - the largest building in the world at the time of its construction. Burnham believed in the importance of public spaces and designed many parks, including Lincoln Park in Chicago and Grant Park, which was the site of the World's Columbian Exposition. Burnham also co-authored the 1909 Plan of Chicago, which proposed improvements to the city's infrastructure and public spaces, and influenced urban planning across the United States. He was a visionary who believed that architecture and design could improve the quality of life for all people, and his legacy continues to inspire architects and city planners today.

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William Jennings Bryan

William Jennings Bryan (March 19, 1860 Salem-July 26, 1925 Dayton) also known as Bryan, William Jennings, The Great Commoner, The Silver Knight of the West, Boy Orator of the Platte, The Fundamentalist Pope or "Adam-and-Eve" Bryan was an American lawyer, politician, orator and statesman. He had three children, Ruth Bryan Owen, William Jennings Bryan Jr. and Grace Bryan.

Related albums: An Ideal Republic, Guaranty of Bank Deposits, Immortality, Imperialism, Popular Election of Senators, Swollen Fortunes, The Labor Question, The Railroad Question, The Tariff Question and The Trust Question.

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