American musicians died at 69

Here are 31 famous musicians from United States of America died at 69:

Fred Imus

Fred Imus (January 11, 1942 Los Angeles-August 6, 2011 Tucson) was an American songwriter.

Fred Imus was born in Los Angeles, California on January 11, 1942. After high school, he briefly attended the University of Arizona before dropping out to pursue a career in the entertainment industry. Imus found success as a songwriter, writing country music hits for artists such as Randy Travis, Johnny Rodriguez, and Kenny Rogers, among others. He also had a brief career as a recording artist, releasing several albums in the 1980s. In addition to his work in music, Imus was also a radio host and comedian, and worked on his brother Don Imus's radio show for many years. Fred Imus passed away on August 6, 2011, in Tucson, Arizona.

Imus also had an acting career, appearing in several films and television shows such as "Cannonball Run II," "Pink Cadillac," and "Lonesome Dove." In the 1990s, he had a recurring role on the television series "The Adventures of Brisco County Jr." as Pete Hutter. Imus was known for his humorous demeanor and sarcasm, which translated well to his work in comedy and radio. He was a regular commentator on political and social issues on his brother's radio show and hosted his own radio show called "Fred and Johnny Show" on KAGM-FM in Albuquerque, New Mexico. Despite his success in the entertainment industry, Imus lived a relatively private life and was dedicated to his family. He is survived by his wife and two children.

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Thomas Hastings

Thomas Hastings (March 11, 1860 New York City-October 22, 1929) was an American architect.

He studied architecture at Cornell University before working for several architectural firms, including McKim, Mead, and White. He was a member of the firm Carrère and Hastings, which designed a number of notable buildings such as the New York Public Library and the Russell Senate Office Building in Washington D.C. Hastings was also a member of the American Institute of Architects and served as president of the New York Chapter. He was known for his Beaux-Arts style, which was characterized by grandeur, symmetry, and classical forms. Hastings was also an accomplished musician and composer, and he wrote several works for choir and organ.

In addition to his work as an architect, Hastings was also an avid philanthropist. He was a trustee of the American Academy in Rome and helped to establish the American Academy in China. He also served as president of the National Sculpture Society and was a member of the board of trustees for the Metropolitan Museum of Art. Hastings was devoted to education and was a major benefactor of his alma mater, Cornell University. He donated funds to build the university's football stadium and also established a scholarship fund for architecture students. Hastings was a highly respected architect and was honored with numerous awards, including the Gold Medal from the American Institute of Architects in 1905.

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Richard Feynman

Richard Feynman (May 11, 1918 Manhattan-February 15, 1988 Los Angeles) a.k.a. Richard Phillips Feynman, Richard P. Feynman, Feynman or Feynman, Richard was an American physicist and scientist. He had two children, Carl Feynman and Michelle Louise Feynman.

His albums: Tuva Talk.

He died in cancer.

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Pete Conrad

Pete Conrad (June 2, 1930 Philadelphia-July 8, 1999 Ojai) also known as Commander Charles 'Pete' Conrad, Charles P. Conrad Jr., Charles 'Pete' Conrad Jr., Charles 'Pete' Conrad, Charles "Pete" Conrad, Jr., Charles Conrad Jr. or Pete was an American astronaut, actor and pilot. His children are called Peter Conrad, Andew Conrad, Christopher Conrad and Thomas Conrad.

Pete Conrad was one of the twelve astronauts who walked on the Moon as part of NASA's Apollo program. He made his first spaceflight aboard Gemini 5 in 1965 alongside fellow astronaut Gordon Cooper, establishing a new space endurance record of eight days in orbit. Conrad went on to command the Apollo 12 mission in 1969, becoming the third person to walk on the Moon.

In addition to his achievements in space travel, Conrad was also a decorated naval aviator, flying numerous combat missions during the Korean War. After leaving NASA in 1973, Conrad worked for several private companies as an aerospace consultant and served on several government committees related to space exploration. Outside of his professional life, he was an accomplished sailor and enjoyed racing yachts.

Sadly, Conrad passed away at the age of 69 in a motorcycle accident near his home in Ojai, California. Despite his untimely death, his legacy as a pioneering astronaut and accomplished pilot continues to inspire future generations of space explorers.

Conrad's interest in flying began at a young age, when he joined the Boy Scouts and began building model airplanes. He went on to attend the prestigious Princeton University, where he studied engineering and became a member of the Navy ROTC program. After graduation, he received a commission as an ensign in the U.S. Navy and went on to become a test pilot, flying a variety of aircraft including the F-4 Phantom II and the A-7 Corsair II.

In addition to his work as an astronaut and pilot, Conrad was known for his witty personality and love for practical jokes. During the Apollo 12 mission, he famously smuggled a small camera known as a "Snoopy" into his space suit, which he used to take surreptitious pictures of the lunar landscape. He also famously responded to a glitch in the mission's communications system by uttering the now-iconic phrase "Whoopie! Man, that may have been a small one for Neil, but that's a long one for me."

Throughout his life, Conrad remained committed to promoting space exploration and inspiring future generations of astronauts. He was a founding member of the Association of Space Explorers and served as its president from 1987 to 1990. He also helped establish the Conrad Foundation, which supports young people in developing innovative solutions to some of the world's most pressing challenges. Today, he is remembered as one of the most accomplished and influential astronauts in history.

He died caused by traffic collision.

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Deke Slayton

Deke Slayton (March 1, 1924 Sparta-June 13, 1993 League City) a.k.a. Donald K. Slayton was an American fighter pilot and astronaut. His child is Kent S. Slayton.

Deke Slayton was one of the original seven Mercury astronauts who were selected to participate in the United States' first manned space program. He was grounded from flying missions in 1962 due to a heart condition, but remained with NASA as a Director of Flight Crew Operations. He eventually returned to space in 1975 as part of the Apollo-Soyuz Test Project, which was a joint mission between the United States and the Soviet Union. Slayton was highly regarded by his colleagues for his competence and leadership. After his retirement from NASA, he became an advocate for commercial spaceflight and worked on various space-related projects. In 1990, he was posthumously awarded the Congressional Space Medal of Honor.

Deke Slayton was born in Sparta, Wisconsin and grew up on a farm in the area. After graduating from high school, he joined the United States Army Air Forces in 1942 and became a fighter pilot. He flew a number of missions during World War II, earning the Distinguished Flying Cross and the Air Medal with oak leaf clusters for his service.

After the war, Slayton obtained a degree in aeronautical engineering from the University of Minnesota and became a test pilot for the Air Force. In 1959, he was selected to be one of the original Mercury astronauts. He was slated to be the pilot of the second manned Mercury mission, but was grounded due to a heart condition. However, he continued to work for NASA, eventually becoming the Director of Flight Crew Operations.

In 1975, Slayton finally got his chance to fly in space, as part of the Apollo-Soyuz Test Project. This was a joint mission between the United States and the Soviet Union, and involved the docking of an American Apollo spacecraft with a Soviet Soyuz spacecraft in orbit.

After retiring from NASA, Slayton worked on various space-related projects, including the development of the Space Shuttle. He was also a strong advocate for commercial spaceflight and helped to establish the Space Services Inc. company, which aimed to provide affordable access to space for civilian purposes.

Despite his accomplishments, Slayton's career was marred by controversy. He was criticized for his decision to remove Alan Shepard from the astronaut lineup due to a medical condition, and some have accused him of playing a role in the deaths of the Apollo 1 astronauts due to a conflict of interest.

Slayton passed away in 1993 from brain tumor, and was posthumously awarded the Congressional Space Medal of Honor in 1990. Despite the controversies surrounding his career, he is remembered as one of the pioneering figures of American spaceflight, and a key player in NASA's early success.

He died as a result of brain tumor.

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Betty Blue

Betty Blue (August 14, 1931 West Memphis-August 23, 2000 Los Angeles) a.k.a. Baby Betty was an American nude glamour model and actor.

Betty Blue began her career as a pin-up model in the 1950s, and gained popularity during the 1960s and 1970s. Her alluring beauty and curvy figure made her a favorite among photographers and fans alike. Along with her modeling work, Betty also ventured into acting, appearing in a number of B-movies and exploitation films. Despite being known for her risqué image, Betty was a trailblazer for women in the entertainment industry, and inspired many with her confidence and sex appeal. She will always be remembered as an iconic figure in the world of glamour and beauty.

Betty Blue's real name was Margaret Ethel Cansler. She grew up in a small town in Arkansas and began her modeling career at the age of 23. Betty was discovered by photographer Bunny Yeager, who helped launch her career as a pin-up model. She quickly became known for her striking looks and hourglass figure.

In addition to her work as a model and actor, Betty was also an accomplished dancer. She toured the United States with various dance troupes and was known for her energetic performances.

Despite facing criticism for her provocative image, Betty remained unapologetic about her career choices. She once said, "I love my body, and I'm not ashamed to show it off. If that offends people, that's their problem, not mine."

In her later years, Betty retired from modeling and acting and became an advocate for animal rights. She also remained active in the entertainment industry, attending events and supporting up-and-coming talent.

Betty's legacy continues to inspire models and performers today. She will always be remembered as a pioneering figure in the world of beauty and glamour.

She died caused by heart failure.

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Charles Bowden

Charles Bowden (July 20, 1945 Tucson-August 30, 2014 Las Cruces) also known as Chuck Bowden was an American author, essayist and journalist.

Bowden was known for his works that often focused on social issues such as drug trafficking, immigration and the environment. He authored numerous books including "Down by the River: Drugs, Money, Murder, and Family" and "Blood Orchid: An Unnatural History of America". Bowden received numerous awards for his writing, including the prestigious Lannan Literary Award for Nonfiction in 1996. He was also a contributing editor for GQ and Mother Jones magazines. Throughout his career, Bowden was known for his raw and uncompromising writing style, and his ability to shed light on the darkest corners of American life. Despite battling health issues towards the end of his life, Bowden continued to write up until his death in 2014.

In addition to his writing, Bowden was also a keen photographer, often using his photographs to accompany his articles and books. He even published a photography book, "Juarez", which explored the social and environmental impact of the drug trade on the Mexican border town. Bowden's work has been praised for its unflinching honesty and its ability to give a voice to marginalized communities. He was a fierce advocate for social justice and believed that it was the role of the writer to bear witness to the world around them. Despite his passing, Bowden's legacy continues to inspire generations of writers and journalists who strive to continue his work in shedding light on important social issues.

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Thomas Nelson Page

Thomas Nelson Page (April 23, 1853 Hanover County-November 1, 1922 Virginia) was an American writer and novelist.

Known for his depictions of life in the south during the post-Civil War era, Page was a prominent member of the literary society during the late 19th and early 20th century. His works often portrayed the antebellum South in romanticized and nostalgic terms, while also addressing issues of race and class. Some of his most famous works include "In Ole Virginia" and "Red Rock: A Chronicle of Reconstruction." In addition to his prolific writing career, Page was actively involved in political and social issues of his time, serving as a diplomat in Italy under President Woodrow Wilson and advocating for the rights of African Americans.

Thomas Nelson Page was born to John Page and Elizabeth Burwell Nelson, in the Rosewell plantation in Hanover County, Virginia. He attended Washington College (now Washington and Lee University) but did not graduate due to financial constraints. He later studied law at the University of Virginia but withdrew from the program to pursue writing as a career. Page's first book was a collection of poetry titled "Befo' de War" which was published in 1888. His artistic achievements were not limited to literature, he was also an accomplished artist and was known to have completed many oil paintings in his free time. Despite his success, Page was a controversial figure due to the romanticized portrayal of the antebellum South in his works, a depiction which some found to be problematic. Page died of a heart attack at his family's ancestral home in Virginia.

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Judith Sargent Murray

Judith Sargent Murray (May 1, 1751 Gloucester-June 9, 1820 Natchez) also known as Judith Murray was an American writer, playwright and poet.

She is considered to be one of the earliest feminist writers in the United States. Her essays and articles often focused on the importance of equal education and the role of women in society. Murray was also one of the first American women to have her plays performed professionally. She married John Murray, a prominent Universalist minister, and together they founded the first Universalist church in America. Murray's writings were not widely recognized during her lifetime, but today she is recognized as an influential figure in the women's rights movement.

Murray was born into a wealthy family and received a rare education for a woman, thanks to her father's support. After her marriage to John Murray in 1769, the couple settled in Gloucester and had several children. In the 1780s, Judith began to write, often using the pen name "The Gleaner." Her articles and essays were published in various newspapers and magazines, including the Massachusetts Magazine and the New York Magazine.

In 1790, Murray published her most famous work, "On the Equality of the Sexes," which argued that women had the same intellectual abilities as men and should be entitled to the same educational opportunities. The essay was well-received and praised, but it also drew criticism from those who opposed women's suffrage.

Murray's plays, which often dealt with social issues, were also well-received. Her play "The Medium," which focused on the dangers of religious fanaticism, was performed in Boston in 1795. Murray continued to write until her death in Natchez, Mississippi in 1820.

In addition to her writing and advocacy for women's education and rights, Murray was also involved in social causes such as anti-slavery and animal welfare. Her legacy is celebrated today as a pioneering voice in the fight for gender equality.

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William Graham Sumner

William Graham Sumner (October 30, 1840 Paterson-April 12, 1910 New Haven) was an American historian, political scientist and anthropologist.

He was a prominent member of the faculty at Yale College, teaching courses in political and social sciences for over three decades. Sumner was a strong proponent of laissez-faire economics and individualism, and his ideas greatly influenced the conservative political movement in the United States. His major works include "What Social Classes Owe to Each Other," and "Folkways," which explored the role of customs and norms in shaping the behavior of societies. Sumner was also an early advocate of women's suffrage, and he argued for the rights of African Americans and Native Americans during a time when such views were not widely accepted. Despite his controversial ideas, Sumner was widely respected for his scholarship and his impact on American intellectual history.

Sumner was born in Paterson, New Jersey, and grew up in Hartford, Connecticut. He attended Yale College and studied under the famous economist William Graham, from whom he changed his last name to Sumner. After completing his education, Sumner traveled extensively throughout Europe and continued his studies in Germany, which greatly influenced his ideas on social and economic policy.

Upon his return to the United States, Sumner began his academic career at Yale, where he quickly gained a reputation as an influential thinker and lecturer. In addition to his academic work, Sumner was actively involved in the wider community, serving as a member of the New Haven Board of Education and as a vocal advocate for educational reform.

Sumner's ideas on social and economic policy were controversial in his own time, and they continue to be the subject of debate among scholars today. His advocacy for laissez-faire economics and individualism often put him at odds with the progressive social movements of the late 19th and early 20th centuries. However, his advocacy for the rights of marginalized groups, such as women and people of color, reflects a commitment to social justice that remains relevant to contemporary debates about inequality and oppression.

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Loren Eiseley

Loren Eiseley (September 3, 1907 Lincoln-July 9, 1977 Philadelphia) also known as Loren C. Eiseley was an American writer and science writer.

He is known for his contributions to anthropology, ecology, and literary science, and for his memoirs, which are considered some of the best examples of the genre. Eiseley was born in Lincoln, Nebraska, and grew up in poverty, experiencing the harsh realities of the Great Plains firsthand. Despite this, he developed a love of nature and a keen curiosity about the world around him. He went on to become a professor of anthropology and a curator of the University of Pennsylvania Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology, where he made important contributions to the study of human evolution. Eiseley's writing is lyrical, contemplative, and often haunted by a sense of the mysterious and the cosmic. His essays explore the tension between human beings and the natural world, and the place of humanity in the larger ecological and evolutionary scheme of things. Eiseley's works include "The Immense Journey," "The Unexpected Universe," and "The Star Thrower."

He was highly influential in popularizing the field of science writing, and his work helped to bridge the gap between the scientific community and the general public. Eiseley's writing has been compared to that of Henry David Thoreau and Ralph Waldo Emerson for its deep insights into the natural world and the human condition. His awards and honors include the John Burroughs Medal, the Bradford Washburn Award, and the National Medal of Science. Today, Eiseley is remembered as one of the most important and influential science writers of the 20th century.

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Frank Conroy

Frank Conroy (January 15, 1936 New York City-April 6, 2005 Iowa City) was an American writer, novelist and author.

Conroy was raised in the Bronx and attended Haverford College, where he majored in Classics. He later received a Master of Fine Arts in creative writing from the Iowa Writers' Workshop at the University of Iowa. Conroy taught writing at several universities, including the University of Virginia and the University of Iowa. He also served as the director of the Iowa Writers' Workshop from 1987 until his retirement in 2005. Conroy was the author of several novels, including "Stop-Time" and "Body & Soul," as well as a memoir titled "Dogs Bark, but the Caravan Rolls On." He was the recipient of numerous literary awards, including a National Endowment for the Arts Fellowship and a Guggenheim Fellowship.

Conroy's memoir, "Stop-Time," is considered a classic of American literature and has been praised for its evocative portrayal of adolescence. The book was published in 1967 and instantly became a bestseller. In addition to his writing, Conroy was also a gifted musician who played the piano and the clarinet. He often incorporated music into his literary works, and his love of jazz is evident in his writing. Conroy was married twice and had two sons. After his death, the University of Iowa established the Frank Conroy Reading Room in his honor.

He died as a result of colorectal cancer.

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Philip Wylie

Philip Wylie (April 12, 1902 Beverly-October 25, 1971 Miami) a.k.a. Philip Gordon Wylie was an American writer, novelist, screenwriter and author. He had one child, Karen Pryor.

Wylie's literary works were known for their social commentary and dystopian themes, often exploring the consequences of science and technology gone awry. His most famous novel, "The End of the World," was published in 1939 and is considered a pioneering work in the post-apocalyptic genre. He also co-wrote the novel "When Worlds Collide," which was later adapted into a successful sci-fi film. In addition to his writing career, Wylie was a vocal advocate for eugenics and frequently wrote on the topic. He was also a keen observer of popular culture and wrote numerous articles and reviews for magazines such as Time, Life, and The Saturday Evening Post.

Wylie was born into a family of intellectuals; his father was a professor of civil engineering at Princeton University. He graduated from Princeton himself in 1923, where he had studied philosophy, English and psychology. He went on to study at the University of Paris for a year, where he continued his studies in philosophy.

His first novel, "Babes and Sages," was published in 1927 and received positive reviews. However, it was his 1930 novel, "Gladiator," which brought him widespread recognition. It was adapted into a successful film in 1930.

Aside from his work as a writer, Wylie was also involved in screenwriting. He co-wrote the film "The Sea Hawk" (1940), which starred Errol Flynn.

Wylie's interest in eugenics was controversial, and he faced criticism for his views. He believed in the concept of "meritocracy," which meant that society should be organized around the principle of rewarding individuals based on their abilities and achievements rather than their social class or other factors.

Despite his contentious views on eugenics, Wylie's work has been celebrated for its impact on science fiction and dystopian literature. His influence can be seen in the work of writers such as George Orwell and Aldous Huxley.

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Herbert Kaufman

Herbert Kaufman (March 6, 1878-September 6, 1947) was an American journalist.

He started his career as a reporter at the Cincinnati Post before becoming the drama and music critic for The New York Times. Kaufman was known for his insightful reviews and was a respected voice in the theater world. He also wrote several books, including "Without Gloves," a memoir of his time as a journalist. In addition to his work in journalism, Kaufman was a leader in the Jewish community and an advocate for civil rights. He was also a member of the American Academy of Arts and Letters. Kaufman passed away at the age of 69 in 1947.

During his time as a drama and music critic, Herbert Kaufman was considered one of the most important voices in American theater critique. He was known for his honesty, wit, and sometimes-savage critiques. Kaufman was also instrumental in fostering the careers of several legendary Broadway performers, including Ethel Barrymore, Katharine Hepburn, and Marlon Brando.

In his later years, Kaufman became increasingly involved in social and political activism. He co-founded the American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU) and served as the organization's chairman for several years. He was a vocal supporter of civil rights and worked tirelessly to promote tolerance and racial equality.

Kaufman's impact on American journalism, theater, and civil rights has been widely recognized. The Herbert Kaufman Award, which is presented annually by the Dramatists Guild of America, honors outstanding contributions to the theater industry.

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Norbert Wiener

Norbert Wiener (November 26, 1894 Columbia-March 18, 1964 Stockholm) was an American mathematician and scientist.

He is known for his work in developing the field of cybernetics, which he defined as "the scientific study of control and communication in the animal and the machine." Wiener made important contributions to the development of automatic control systems, signal processing, and computer science. He also worked on other areas of mathematics, such as harmonic analysis and probability theory. Wiener received numerous honors throughout his career, including the National Medal of Science in 1963. His book "Cybernetics: or Control and Communication in the Animal and the Machine" is considered a classic in the field and is still widely read today.

Wiener was born in Columbia and grew up in a family of academics. His father was a professor and his mother was a linguist. Wiener showed an early talent for mathematics and began college at the age of 11. He earned his bachelor's degree from Tufts University and his PhD from Harvard University. After working at various universities, including MIT and Harvard, Wiener settled at the University of Chicago, where he continued to work until his retirement.

Wiener's work in cybernetics had a profound influence on subsequent generations of scientists and engineers. His ideas about feedback systems and control theory provided the theoretical foundations for the development of modern information technology, including computers, robotics, and artificial intelligence. Wiener was also a strong advocate for the ethical implications of his work, and was concerned about the potential consequences of technology on society.

Wiener was a prolific writer and his books and articles were widely read both in academic circles and in the popular press. He was also an accomplished violinist and had a lifelong interest in music. Wiener died in 1964 in Stockholm, where he had traveled to receive the Erasmus Prize.

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Arthur Amos Noyes

Arthur Amos Noyes (September 13, 1866 Newburyport-June 3, 1936 California) was an American chemist.

He earned his bachelor's degree from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) and went on to study at the University of Berlin, where he obtained his PhD. Noyes then returned to MIT to teach and conduct research, where he collaborated closely with the celebrated chemist Walther Nernst.

In 1919, Noyes was appointed as the first director of research at the California Institute of Technology (Caltech), where he played an instrumental role in building up the institution's scientific reputation. During his time at Caltech, Noyes supervised the research of many future Nobel laureates in chemistry, including Linus Pauling and Harold Urey.

Noyes's research focused primarily on physical chemistry and particularly on investigating the properties and behavior of electrolytes. He made important contributions to the study of the conductivity of solutions and the thermodynamics of chemical reactions.

In addition to his research, Noyes was known for his emphasis on scientific education and was a strong proponent of teaching chemistry through laboratory work. He published several influential textbooks and trained numerous graduate students who went on to become leaders in the field of chemistry.

Noyes was also heavily involved in the scientific community beyond his own research and teaching. He served as the president of the American Chemical Society from 1916 to 1917, and was heavily involved in the National Research Council during World War I. He also played an important role in the founding of the Journal of Physical Chemistry, which remains one of the top journals in the field to this day.

Noyes received numerous awards and honors throughout his career, including the Priestley Medal from the American Chemical Society in 1934, which is considered one of the highest honors in the field of chemistry. He was also a member of the National Academy of Sciences and the Royal Society of London.

Noyes' legacy extends far beyond his own scientific accomplishments, as his emphasis on scientific education and his mentorship of future leaders in the field continue to influence the world of chemistry today.

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Arthur Compton

Arthur Compton (September 10, 1892 Wooster-March 15, 1962 Berkeley) a.k.a. Arthur Holly Compton, Dr. Arthur H. Compton or Arthur H. Compton was an American physicist.

Compton was a prominent physicist in the early 20th century and is particularly well-known for his work on the scattering of X-rays by electrons, which led to the discovery of what is now known as the Compton effect. He was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1927 for this discovery, which had important implications for understanding the nature of light and matter. Compton was also involved in the development of the atomic bomb during World War II and served on the Manhattan Project. In addition to his research and contributions to physics, Compton was also a dedicated teacher and administrator, serving as the chancellor of Washington University in St. Louis from 1945 to 1953.

Compton was born in Wooster, Ohio and grew up in a family of scholars. His father was a professor of economics and his mother was a homemaker who encouraged her children's education. Compton received his bachelor's degree from the University of Wooster in 1913 and earned his PhD from Princeton University in 1916.

After completing his doctoral studies, Compton joined the faculty at the University of Minnesota, where he conducted his groundbreaking research on the scattering of X-rays. He later moved to Washington University in St. Louis, where he served as the head of the physics department and helped establish the university's School of Engineering.

During World War II, Compton played a key role in the Manhattan Project, which was responsible for developing the atomic bomb. He headed the Metallurgical Laboratory at the University of Chicago, which was responsible for designing and testing the first nuclear reactors. After the war, Compton continued to work on nuclear energy and served as a consultant to the U.S. government.

Compton was also a devout Christian and believed that science and religion were complementary ways of understanding the world. He wrote extensively on the relationship between science and faith and was a frequent lecturer on this topic. In recognition of his contributions to science and his commitment to education, several buildings and institutions have been named in his honor, including the Compton Gamma Ray Observatory and the Compton Hall of Science and Mathematics at Washington University.

He died caused by cerebral hemorrhage.

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Janet Dailey

Janet Dailey (May 21, 1944 Storm Lake-December 14, 2013 Branson) a.k.a. Janet Anne Haradon Dailey or Janet Anne Haradon was an American novelist and businessperson.

Janet Dailey is known for her romance novels, many of which are set in different parts of the United States. She began her writing career in the 1970s and went on to publish over 100 novels in her lifetime, selling millions of copies worldwide. In addition to her writing, Dailey was also a successful businesswoman, founding her own company called Dailey International in the 1980s. The company focused on promoting and selling her books and merchandise related to her work. Despite some controversies in her personal and professional life, Dailey remained a popular and prolific writer throughout her career.

Dailey attended secretarial school before working as a legal secretary, but her true passion was always writing. She began writing fiction in her spare time and eventually submitted her first novel to a publisher, which was accepted and published in 1976. This marked the beginning of her successful career as a romance novelist.

Dailey's novels often featured strong heroines and took place in various locations across America. A number of her books were also turned into TV movies, including "The Proud and the Free" and "The Hostage Heart."

Despite her success, Dailey faced some controversy in her career. In 1997, she admitted to plagiarizing passages from other authors' works and settled with them out of court. This revelation caused some of her previous works to be removed from bookstores and libraries, but Dailey continued to write and publish new material up until her death at the age of 69.

She died caused by surgical complications.

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Gary Gygax

Gary Gygax (July 27, 1938 Chicago-March 4, 2008 Lake Geneva) a.k.a. Gygax, Gary, Ernest Gary Gygax, E. Gary Gygax, Garrison Ernst or EGG was an American game designer, author, writer and television producer. He had six children, Lucion Paul Gygax, Alexander Hugh Hamilton Gygax, Cindy Lee Gygax, Mary Elise Gygax, Heidi Jo Gygax and Ernest G. Gygax, Jr..

Gary Gygax co-created the game Dungeons & Dragons in 1974 with Dave Arneson, which became the precursor to modern-day roleplaying games. He also co-founded the company Tactical Studies Rules (TSR) with Don Kaye in 1973 which published various games including Dungeons & Dragons. Gygax also authored numerous books related to Dungeons & Dragons and other roleplaying games. He continued to design and contribute to various games until his death in 2008. Gygax's legacy in the gaming industry is significant and he is considered to be one of the most influential figures in the development of modern gaming.

Apart from his contribution to the gaming industry, Gary Gygax also pursued a career in writing and television production. He wrote several fantasy novels including the "Greyhawk" series and "The Canting Crew". He also wrote several non-fiction books on gaming and game design. Gygax co-produced and wrote for a children's television show in the late 1980s titled "Dungeons & Dragons", which was based on the popular roleplaying game. In addition to his creative pursuits, Gygax was also active in the Libertarian Party and ran for the Wisconsin State Assembly in 1983. He was posthumously inducted into the Origins Award Hall of Fame in 2009 for his contributions to the gaming industry.

He died caused by abdominal aortic aneurysm.

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Evel Knievel

Evel Knievel (October 17, 1938 Butte-November 30, 2007 Clearwater) a.k.a. Robert Craig "Evel" Knievel, Jr., Evil Knievel, Robert Craig Knievel, Jr., evel_knievel or Robert Craig Jr. was an American stunt performer. He had five children, Robbie Knievel, Alicia Knievel, Tracey Knievel, Kelly Knievel and Emma Knievel.

Evel Knievel was best known for his daredevil motorcycle jumps, including the infamous attempt to jump the Snake River Canyon in 1974. He holds the Guinness World Record for the most broken bones suffered in a lifetime by a single person, with a total of 433.

However, before his career as a stuntman, Knievel was a semi-pro hockey player and worked as a salesman, often using his energetic personality and natural charisma to sell products. He also served in the U.S. Army for three years.

Knievel's career in stunts began in the late 1960s, and he quickly rose to fame for his death-defying jumps and stunts. He performed in sold-out arenas and became a cultural icon during the 1970s, inspiring a generation of young daredevils.

Despite his fame and success, Knievel faced many personal struggles, including addiction issues and legal problems. He retired from performing in 1980 but continued to make public appearances and endorse products.

Knievel's legacy lives on today, inspiring new generations of stunt performers and earning him a place in the Motorcycle Hall of Fame, the International Motorsports Hall of Fame, and the Sturgis Motorcycle Hall of Fame, among other honors.

Knievel's iconic jumps and stunts became the subject of numerous documentaries, films and TV shows, many of which he starred in himself. Some of his most well-known stunts include jumping over 15 cars at the Ascot Park Speedway in 1967, clearing 50 stacked cars in Los Angeles in 1973, and successfully jumping over the fountains at Caesars Palace in Las Vegas in 1967. However, some of his stunts resulted in major injuries, such as the failed attempt to jump the Snake River Canyon on a rocket-powered motorcycle.

Knievel also had a successful line of merchandise, including action figures, lunch boxes, and even a motorcycle named after him. He used his fame and success to give back to his community, donating money to children's hospitals and other charities.

In addition to his Guinness World Record for broken bones, Knievel was also inducted into the AMA Motorcycle Hall of Fame in 1999, as well as the Professional Motorcycle Jumpers Association Hall of Fame. He was known for his showmanship and his ability to entertain crowds with his daring and death-defying stunts. Today, his influence can be seen in the world of extreme sports, and he continues to be remembered as one of the greatest stunt performers of all time.

He died caused by idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis.

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Maybelle Carter

Maybelle Carter (May 10, 1909 Nickelsville-October 23, 1978 Hendersonville) also known as Carter, Maybelle, Mother Maybelle Carter or Maybelle Addington was an American singer, guitarist and musician. Her children are June Carter Cash, Helen Carter and Anita Carter.

Discography: Wildwood Pickin' and A Living Legend. Genres: Old-time music, Country and Gospel music.

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Charles Alston

Charles Alston (November 28, 1907 Charlotte-April 27, 1977 New York City) was an American artist and visual artist.

Alston was known for his contributions to the Harlem Renaissance, a cultural movement that took place in the 1920s and 1930s. He was an accomplished painter, sculptor, and graphic artist, and also worked as an educator, teaching at the Harlem Community Art Center and the Art Students League of New York. Alston was a founding member of the Harlem Artists Guild and his work is included in many collections, including the Metropolitan Museum of Art and the National Gallery of Art in Washington, D.C. In addition to his artistic endeavors, Alston was also an activist for civil rights and worked alongside other notable figures such as Langston Hughes and W.E.B. Du Bois.

Alston's artistic style was influenced by the teachings of Mexican muralist Diego Rivera, and he also drew inspiration from African art and traditional art forms from around the world. He was particularly interested in exploring themes of African American identity and history in his work.

One of Alston's most well-known works is Harlem Hospital Mural (1936), which was commissioned by the Works Progress Administration during the Great Depression. The mural depicts the day-to-day activities of a hospital in Harlem and features portraits of prominent African American figures, including singer Marian Anderson and writer Ralph Ellison.

Throughout his life, Alston received numerous honors and awards for his work, including a Guggenheim Fellowship in 1950 and a posthumous Presidential Medal of Freedom in 1988. Today, he is remembered as a pioneering artist and advocate for African American representation in the arts.

He died in cancer.

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Desi Arnaz

Desi Arnaz (March 2, 1917 Santiago de Cuba-December 2, 1986 Del Mar) a.k.a. Desiderio Arnaz, Desiderio Alberto Arnaz ye de Acha the Third, Desiderio Alberto Arnaz y de Acha III, Desiderio Alberto Arnaz y de Acha, III or Desi Arnaz, Sr. was an American comedian, singer, musician, television producer, actor, television director and film producer. His children are Lucie Arnaz, Desi Arnaz, Jr. and Madeline Jane Dee.

His albums include Babalu Music! I Love Lucy's Greatest Hits, The Best of Desi Arnaz: The Mambo King, Babalu, Desi Arnaz 1937-1947, Conga!, Cuban Originals, Cocktail Hour, Big Bands of Hollywood and Musical Moments From I Love Lucy.

He died as a result of lung cancer.

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Dave Thomas

Dave Thomas (July 2, 1932 Atlantic City-January 8, 2002 Fort Lauderdale) was an American entrepreneur, businessperson and business magnate. He had five children, Wendy Thomas, Pam Thomas, Ken Thomas, Molly Thomas and Lori Thomas.

Dave Thomas was best known for founding the fast-food restaurant chain Wendy's. He began his career in the restaurant industry working for the Kentucky Fried Chicken (KFC) franchise, where he rose through the ranks to become a senior vice president.

In 1969, Thomas opened the first Wendy's restaurant in Columbus, Ohio, named after his daughter. The restaurant chain became known for its square hamburgers, fresh ingredients, and catchy marketing campaigns. Under Thomas' leadership, Wendy's grew to become the third-largest fast-food chain in the world, with more than 6,000 locations and $8 billion in annual sales.

In addition to his business success, Thomas was also known for his philanthropic work. He founded the Dave Thomas Foundation for Adoption, which works to find permanent homes for children in foster care. Thomas himself was adopted as a child and was an advocate for adoption throughout his life.

Thomas was inducted into the Junior Achievement U.S. Business Hall of Fame in 1990 and received numerous other accolades for his contributions to the business world and his charitable work. Despite his success and wealth, Thomas remained humble and dedicated to his family and community throughout his life.

After his initial success with Wendy's, Dave Thomas remained actively involved in the company's operations and advertising campaigns. He became the face of the brand, starring in more than 800 commercials over the years. Additionally, he authored several books, including "Dave's Way" and "Well Done!" which shared his business and life philosophies.

Thomas was also known for his love of golf and his philanthropic efforts in the sport. He co-founded the Wendy's 3-Tour Challenge, which featured teams of professional golfers competing for a $1 million prize to be donated to a charity of their choice. The event raised millions of dollars for various nonprofit organizations during its 14-year run.

In addition to his work with the Dave Thomas Foundation for Adoption, Thomas was involved in other charitable organizations, including the Children's Hospital in Columbus, Ohio, and the Dave Thomas Education Center in Coconut Creek, Florida. His legacy continues to inspire entrepreneurs and philanthropists around the world today.

He died in liver tumour.

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FM-2030 (October 15, 1930 Brussels-July 8, 2000 New York City) also known as F. M. Esfandiary or Fereidoun M. Esfandiary was an American personality.

FM-2030 was a renowned futurist, philosopher, author, and transhumanist. He was born in Brussels, Belgium and raised in Iran. He later moved to the United States where he became a citizen. FM-2030 was recognized for his predictions on the social and technological transformations that would occur in the future. He believed in the potential of technology to enhance human life, and advocated for the importance of extending human lifespan. He authored several books including "Up-Wingers: A Futurist Manifesto" and "Are You A Transhuman?". FM-2030's legacy has influenced generations of transhumanists and futurists.

FM-2030 was a unique thinker who blended his background in Iranian culture with his Western education. He was a graduate of the University of California, Berkeley, where he earned degrees in philosophy and economics. In the 1970s and 1980s, he was a popular speaker and consultant, working with corporations and government agencies on issues related to the future. He was also a regular contributor to magazines and newspapers, including The New York Times and The Wall Street Journal.

One of FM-2030's most radical ideas was his belief in the possibility of achieving immortality through technological advancements. He argued that the key to achieving this goal was the development of new technologies that could repair and replace human organs and tissues, and extend the human lifespan beyond our current biological limits. He also predicted that computers would play an increasingly important role in our lives, and that we would eventually merge with technology to become post-human beings.

FM-2030 was known for his charismatic personality and his ability to inspire others. He was often described as a visionary who could see beyond the limits of the present and the past. Although he never lived to see his most ambitious predictions come true, his ideas continue to influence the field of transhumanism, which seeks to use technology to enhance human potential and overcome physical and mental limitations.

He died caused by pancreatic cancer.

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Franklin J. Schaffner

Franklin J. Schaffner (May 30, 1920 Tokyo-July 2, 1989 Santa Monica) also known as Franklin James Schaffner, Franklin Scaffner, Franklin S. Schaffner, Franklin · J · Schaffner, Frank Schaffner, S. Schaffner or Franklin Schaffner was an American film director, theatre director, television director, film producer, television producer and screenwriter. He had two children, Jenny Schaffner and Kate Schaffner.

Schaffner is best known for directing the 1970 epic war film "Patton," which won him an Academy Award for Best Director. He also directed other successful films such as "Planet of the Apes," "Papillon," and "The Boys from Brazil." Schaffner began his career as a theatre director before transitioning to television and eventually film. He directed numerous television shows, including multiple episodes of "The Twilight Zone," "Playhouse 90," and "The Defenders." Schaffner was known for his meticulous attention to detail and his ability to create visually stunning and compelling films. He was also active in various professional organizations, including the Directors Guild of America and the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences.

Schaffner was born in Tokyo, Japan to American parents, but he grew up and was educated in the United States. He attended Columbia University where he studied law before turning his attention to theatre. Schaffner worked at regional theatres, including the Cleveland Play House and the Stratford Shakespeare Festival, before moving to New York City to direct productions on and off Broadway. In addition to his work in film and television, Schaffner was also an accomplished stage director, having directed productions of "A Streetcar Named Desire," "The Glass Menagerie," and "The Royal Hunt of the Sun," among others. Schaffner's legacy continues to influence filmmakers today, with many citing his work as a major inspiration.

He died in lung cancer.

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Herman Hollerith

Herman Hollerith (February 29, 1860 Buffalo-November 17, 1929 Washington, D.C.) was an American inventor, statistician and businessperson.

He is best known for developing the punched card tabulation machine, which was used for the 1890 US census and later led to the creation of the computing industry. After founding the Tabulating Machine Company in 1896, he merged it with three other companies to form the Computing-Tabulating-Recording Company (CTR), which eventually became IBM. Hollerith also served as the first president of the Columbia University Computing Tabulating Recording Corporation. He holds several patents for his inventions related to data processing, and his work revolutionized not only the census-taking process but also the banking and insurance industries.

Hollerith was born to German immigrant parents, and his father was a professor of languages. He graduated from Columbia University's School of Mines with a degree in mining engineering in 1879. After graduation, he worked for the US Census Bureau, where he was tasked with finding a faster and more efficient way of processing the vast amount of data collected during the census.

His idea for the punched card tabulation machine was inspired by the Jacquard loom used in the weaving industry, which used punched cards to create intricate patterns. Hollerith adapted the concept to create a machine that could read and tabulate data from punched cards, making the process of data analysis much quicker and more accurate than the previous manual methods.

While Hollerith's invention had an immediate impact on the census-taking process, its applications extended far beyond that. The punched card tabulation machine was soon adopted by businesses and governments around the world, and Hollerith's company grew rapidly to meet the increased demand.

Today, Hollerith is remembered as one of the pioneers of the computing industry, whose groundbreaking invention paved the way for much of the technological innovation that followed.

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Johnny Unitas

Johnny Unitas (May 7, 1933 Pittsburgh-September 11, 2002 Lutherville) a.k.a. Johnny U, The Golden Arm or John Constantine Unitas was an American american football player and actor. He had eight children, Janice Unitas, John Unitas Jr., Robert Unitas, Christopher Unitas, Kenneth Unitas, Francis Joseph Unitas, Chad Unitas and Alicia Ann Paige Unitas.

Johnny Unitas is widely considered one of the greatest quarterbacks in the history of professional football. He played for the Baltimore Colts for the majority of his career and helped lead them to three NFL championships and one Super Bowl victory. Throughout his 18-year career, Unitas was selected to 10 Pro Bowls and was named the league MVP three times.

After retiring from football, Unitas briefly pursued a career in acting, appearing in several movies and television shows. He also became a successful businessman and was involved in various charitable endeavors. Unitas passed away in 2002 at the age of 69, but his legacy in the world of football lives on. Today, he is remembered as not only a great athlete, but also a trailblazer who revolutionized the quarterback position with his passing ability and leadership on the field.

In addition to his impressive football career and brief stint in acting, Johnny Unitas had a fascinating life off the field as well. He grew up in a working-class family and worked a variety of odd jobs before making it big in football. Unitas also served in the Army before beginning his professional career. He was known for his humble demeanor and dedication to his family and team. After retiring from football, Unitas remained involved in the sport as a coach and mentor. He also founded the Johnny Unitas Golden Arm Educational Foundation, which provides financial assistance to high school athletes pursuing a college education. In 1999, Unitas was ranked at number 8 in The Sporting News' list of 100 Greatest Football Players, and in 2006, he was posthumously awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom, the highest civilian honor in the United States. Today, Johnny Unitas is remembered as a legend of American football and a beloved figure in sports history.

He died caused by myocardial infarction.

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James P. Hogan

James P. Hogan (June 27, 1941 London-July 12, 2010 Ireland) also known as James Patrick Hogan or James Hogan was an American novelist and writer.

Born in London, Hogan worked as an aeronautical engineer before transitioning into a career as a full-time writer. He is best known for his works of science fiction, which often explored themes related to technology, physics, and mathematics. Some of his most notable works include "Inherit the Stars," "The Two Faces of Tomorrow," and "Voyage to Yesteryear." Hogan's writing was recognized with several prestigious awards, including the Prometheus Award and the Seiun Award. In addition to his writing career, Hogan was also an advocate for alternative theories relating to physics, including the controversial theory of "Electric Universe." Hogan passed away in Ireland in 2010, leaving behind a legacy as one of the most notable science fiction writers of his generation.

Hogan's interest in science fiction began at an early age, and he was a regular contributor to science fiction magazines in the 1960s and 1970s. As an engineer, he worked on various aerospace projects, including the Gemini and Apollo missions, which inspired many of his stories. His books often featured detailed technical descriptions and were praised for their scientific accuracy.

Hogan was also an avid supporter of space exploration and believed that it was essential for the survival of humanity. He was a member of the Planetary Society and served as the European coordinator for the Mars Society.

In addition to his science fiction novels, Hogan also wrote non-fiction books, including "Kicking the Sacred Cow," which critiques mainstream scientific theories. He was a proponent of the Electric Universe theory, which suggests that electricity plays a much more significant role in the universe than currently accepted by mainstream science.

Hogan's contributions to science fiction and his support for scientific exploration and alternative theories continue to inspire and influence readers and scientists alike.

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Louis Armstrong

Louis Armstrong (August 4, 1901 New Orleans-July 6, 1971 Corona) a.k.a. Satchmo, Pops, Louis Armstrong: Satchmo, Armstrong, Louis (Satchmo), Armstrong, Louis, Armstrong Louis, Luis Armstrong, Louis Armostrong, Louis Amstrong, Louis Arnstrong, Louie Armstrong, Loouis Aemstrong, Louise Armstrong, Louis Daniel Armstrong, Louis Armstrong's Hot Seven, Louis Armstrong and His All-Stars, Satchel Mouth, Satch, Satchelmouth, Dippermouth, Dipper, Daniel Louis "Satchmo" Armstrong, gate mouth, Dippermouth Blues or dipper mouth was an American singer, trumpeter, musician and actor. He had one child, Clarence Armstrong.

Discography: Hello, Dolly!, I Will Wait For You, I Wish You Were Dead, You Rascal You, What A Wonderful World, Laughin' Louie, The Best of the Decca Years, Volume 2: The Composer, 16 Original World Hits, Satchmo at Symphony Hall, Verve Jazz Masters 1 and 16 Most Requested Songs. Genres he performed: Jazz, Swing music, Dixieland, Traditional pop music and Scat singing.

He died caused by myocardial infarction.

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Zora Neale Hurston

Zora Neale Hurston (January 7, 1891 Notasulga-January 28, 1960 Fort Pierce) was an American writer, novelist, author and anthropologist.

Hurston is renowned for her contributions to African American literature and her work focused on the experiences of black communities in the rural South. Some of her most notable works include "Their Eyes Were Watching God," "Dust Tracks on a Road" and "Mules and Men." She also conducted extensive research on African American folklore and culture, which greatly informed her writing. Despite facing challenges and discrimination as a black female writer in the early 20th century, Hurston's work has remained influential and widely read to this day. In recent years, there has been a renewed interest in her work, with new editions of her books and adaptations for film and theater.

Hurston was born in Notasulga, Alabama, and grew up in Eatonville, Florida, one of the first all-black towns to be incorporated in the United States. She was the fifth of eight children and her parents were both former slaves. Despite growing up in poverty, Hurston was an excellent student and went on to attend Howard University, where she studied anthropology, literature, and drama. She later conducted fieldwork in the southern states, Haiti, and Jamaica, documenting the lives of working-class black communities and their culture.

In addition to her writing, Hurston was also an accomplished folklorist and contributed greatly to the African American literary and cultural movements of the time. Her work challenged the stereotypes and limitations placed upon black writers and characters by white society. Despite the success of her early works, Hurston's later years were marked by financial struggles and health issues. She was buried in an unmarked grave until 1973 when novelist Alice Walker discovered her burial site and commissioned a headstone to be placed there. Today, Hurston is celebrated as a pioneer and influential figure in African American literature and culture.

She died caused by hypertensive heart disease.

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