Here are 6 famous musicians from Austria were born in 1905:
Rudolf Schwarz (April 29, 1905 Vienna-January 30, 1994 London) was an Austrian conductor.
He first gained recognition in the 1920s as a young conductor in Vienna, before going on to secure a number of high-profile positions throughout Europe. Schwarz was particularly noted for his interpretations of the works of Mozart and Beethoven, although he also championed contemporary composers and led premieres of works by several leading figures of the 20th century.
During the 1930s, Schwarz came into conflict with the Nazi authorities and was forced to flee Austria for his safety. He eventually settled in London, where he took up a position with the Royal Philharmonic Orchestra and became a leading member of the city's musical community. Schwarz remained active as a conductor well into his seventies, and continued to mentor younger musicians until his death.
In addition to his work as a conductor, Rudolf Schwarz was also a respected music educator. He taught at several conservatories and music schools throughout his career, including the Salzburg Mozarteum and the Royal College of Music in London. Schwarz was known for his ability to inspire and challenge his students, many of whom went on to successful careers in the music industry.
Throughout his life, Schwarz was also a passionate advocate for the importance of music in society. He believed that music had the power to bring people together and break down barriers between cultures. In recognition of his contributions to the field of music, Schwarz was awarded numerous honors and awards, including the Order of Merit of the Federal Republic of Germany and the Austrian Cross of Honor for Science and Art.
Despite facing numerous challenges and obstacles throughout his life, Rudolf Schwarz remained dedicated to his craft and to the power of music until the very end. His legacy continues to inspire musicians and music lovers around the world.
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Kurt Herbert Adler (April 2, 1905 Vienna-February 9, 1988 Ross) was an Austrian conductor and impresario.
He was born to a Jewish family in Vienna and began his musical career as a répétiteur and coach in the Vienna State Opera. He worked as an assistant to Arturo Toscanini at the Salzburg Festival and later conducted at the Metropolitan Opera in New York City. In 1953, Adler became the music director of the San Francisco Opera, where he conducted over 300 performances during his tenure. He also served as the artistic director of the Summer Opera Theater Company at the University of Southern California. Adler was known for his expertise in Mozart, but he also worked extensively in the Wagnerian repertoire. He received many honors throughout his career, including the San Francisco Opera Medal and the Austrian Cross of Honor for Science and Art.
Adler is also known for his efforts to preserve and promote the works of lesser-known composers. He commissioned and conducted the world premiere of many contemporary operas, including Menotti's "Amelia Goes to the Ball" and Barber's "Vanessa." Adler was recognized for his contributions to the arts with a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame. He also wrote several books on opera and conducted many recordings. In addition to his work as a conductor and impresario, Adler was a skilled linguist and translator, fluent in numerous languages. He passed away in Ross, California at the age of 82.
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Erich Zeisl (May 18, 1905 Vienna-February 18, 1959 Los Angeles) a.k.a. Eric Zeisl was an Austrian film score composer.
He was born into a family of musicians and studied composition with Richard Stöhr and Hans Gál at the New Vienna Conservatory. Zeisl began his professional career in Vienna, composing music for films and working as a conductor and pianist. In 1938, he immigrated to the United States and settled in Los Angeles, where he continued to write music for films and theater productions. He also became a well-known music educator, teaching at the University of Southern California and the Music Academy of the West. Zeisl's music was notable for its emotional depth and lush harmonies, often incorporating elements of Jewish and Austrian folk music. Some of his most famous works include the opera "Hiob" and the oratorio "Requiem Ebraico." Despite his success as a composer, Zeisl struggled with health issues and financial difficulties throughout his life. He died of a heart attack in 1959 at the age of 53.
Throughout his career, Erich Zeisl composed music for many films, including "Heidi", "Zaza", and "The Postman Always Rings Twice". His music was also featured in popular TV shows, such as "The Twilight Zone" and "Alfred Hitchcock Presents". Outside of film and television, Zeisl composed classical works, such as chamber music, piano works, and choral pieces. He was highly respected among his contemporaries, such as Arnold Schoenberg and Igor Stravinsky, who praised his talent as a composer. In addition to his work as a composer and educator, Zeisl was a member of the Hollywood Foreign Press Association, and often wrote about the film industry. The Erich Zeisl Memorial Foundation was established in his honor to support the performance and study of his compositions.
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Maria von Trapp (January 26, 1905 Vienna-March 28, 1987 Morrisville) otherwise known as Maria Augusta von Trapp, Baroness Maria Augusta von Trapp, Maria Augusta Kutschera or Maria Augusta Trapp was an Austrian singer and governess. She had three children, Johannes von Trapp, Eleonore von Trapp and Rosemarie von Trapp.
Maria von Trapp is most famously known as the matriarch of the von Trapp family, which was the inspiration for the beloved musical and film, "The Sound of Music". After her husband, Georg von Trapp, lost his fortune in the stock market crash of 1929, Maria began to teach music to the family to support them. She later joined the Trapp Family Singers and performed with them for many years. She also authored several books about her family's experiences and later became a U.S. citizen. Despite the popularity of "The Sound of Music", Maria von Trapp was known for her humility and dedication to her family and faith.
In addition to her musical and literary contributions, Maria von Trapp was also recognized for her humanitarian work. She founded the Trapp Family Austrian Relief, Inc. in 1947 to aid war-torn Europe and helped to establish the first post-World War II relief program in Austria. She also worked with the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees to assist refugees from the Hungarian Revolution of 1956. Maria von Trapp passed away at the age of 82 in Morrisville, Vermont, leaving behind a legacy that has touched the hearts of many. Today, the von Trapp family continues to own and operate a resort in Vermont, where they offer visitors their singing and hospitality, much like they did in Austria before fleeing the country during World War II.
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Hilde Konetzni (March 21, 1905 Vienna-April 20, 1980 Vienna) was an Austrian , .
Hilde Konetzni was an Austrian soprano, renowned for her performances in Vienna and later at the Metropolitan Opera in New York. She was born in Vienna in 1905 and began her vocal training at the Academy of Music in Vienna. Konetzni made her stage debut at the Vienna State Opera in 1928 and quickly established herself as a leading soprano, hailed for her warm tone and dramatic intensity. In addition to her success in Vienna, Konetzni performed at major opera houses around the world, including the Metropolitan Opera, Covent Garden, and the Paris Opera. She was particularly celebrated for her interpretations of Richard Strauss' operas, including Salome and Elektra. Following her retirement from the stage in the 1950s, Konetzni taught at the Vienna Academy of Music, passing on her knowledge and expertise to future generations of singers. She passed away in her hometown of Vienna in 1980.
Konetzni performed a wide range of roles during her career, including Mozart's Donna Elvira, Wagner's Elisabeth, and Verdi's Aida. She was known for her powerful and emotional performances, and was praised for her ability to convey both the beauty and the darker aspects of the characters she portrayed. Konetzni was also known for her collaborations with conductors such as Karl Böhm and Herbert von Karajan, and for her recordings of operas and lieder. She was awarded numerous honors during her career, including the title of Kammersängerin from the Austrian government in 1947. Konetzni is remembered as one of the greatest sopranos of her generation and a true icon of Viennese opera.
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Peter Kreuder (August 18, 1905 Aachen-June 28, 1981 Salzburg) a.k.a. Peter Paul Kreuder, Kreuder, Peter or das Peter-Kreuder-Ensemble was an Austrian film score composer, pianist, conductor, actor and composer.
Kreuder began playing piano at the age of four and later studied at the Aachen Conservatory. He moved to Berlin in the 1920s and quickly became a popular composer of film scores and popular music. Kreuder composed over 400 songs and contributed to more than 200 films during his career.
During World War II, Kreuder was drafted into the German army and served as a bandleader. After the war, he faced accusations of collaboration with the Nazi regime but was ultimately cleared. In the years that followed, he continued to work as a composer and conductor, and was known for his contributions to the German music scene.
Kreuder was also an accomplished actor and made several appearances in German films. He retired to Salzburg, Austria in the 1970s and died there in 1981. Today, he is remembered as one of the most significant composers of popular music in Germany during the mid-20th century.
Kreuder was also known for his contributions to the genre of swing music in Germany. He was a notable figure in the German swing scene during the 1930s and 1940s, with his compositions incorporating elements of jazz and swing music. In addition to his work as a composer and conductor, Kreuder was also an avid collector of musical instruments and memorabilia. He donated his collection to the city of Aachen, where it is now housed in the Couven Museum. Kreuder's legacy continues to be celebrated through performances of his music and the preservation of his contributions to German music history.
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