Austrian musicians died at 70

Here are 22 famous musicians from Austria died at 70:

Ludwig von Bertalanffy

Ludwig von Bertalanffy (September 19, 1901 Atzgersdorf-June 12, 1972 Buffalo) was an Austrian scientist.

He is the father of the general systems theory, which describes the behavior of complex systems and seeks to find principles that can be applied to various fields including biology, psychology, and sociology. Bertalanffy studied philosophy, biology, and physics in Vienna and later taught at several universities in Europe and the United States. He was nominated for the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1969 for his significant contributions to the theory of biological growth and development. Bertalanffy's work has had an enormous impact on many fields, including management, engineering, and systems analysis. His ideas have helped shape modern thinking about the interconnectedness of systems in the natural and social sciences.

Bertalanffy was born to a family of physicians and grew up in Austria. His interest in systems theory was informed by his experiences in World War I, where he witnessed the failures of centralized, hierarchical structures. He believed that an alternative approach was needed, and that complex systems required a fundamentally different type of analysis. In his early career, Bertalanffy worked as a biologist with a focus on embryology, and he became interested in the way in which biological systems were organized and how they could adapt to changing environments.

Throughout his career, Bertalanffy was a prolific writer and lecturer, and his work on general systems theory led to the publication of numerous articles, essays, and books. His most influential works include "General System Theory: Foundations, Development, Applications," which was published in 1968, and "Modern Theories of Development," which was published in 1950. In addition to his contributions to the field of systems theory, Bertalanffy was also deeply committed to social and political issues, and he worked to promote peace and social justice.

Bertalanffy's legacy continues to influence contemporary thinking in many fields. His emphasis on interdisciplinarity and the analysis of complex systems as a whole has influenced the development of ecological theory, cybernetics, and network science. He has been celebrated as a visionary thinker who was ahead of his time, and his ideas have been widely adopted by scholars and practitioners around the world.

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Heimito von Doderer

Heimito von Doderer (September 5, 1896 Vienna-December 23, 1966 Vienna) was an Austrian writer and novelist.

Von Doderer's early works were heavily influenced by Freudian psychology, and he is considered one of the leading exponents of the Viennese literary movement. His most famous work is the novel "Die Strudlhofstiege" (The Strudlhof Steps), which is set in Vienna and explores the lives of a diverse cast of characters. Von Doderer's writing is known for its complex structure, dark humor, and intricate language. In addition to his literary work, Von Doderer was also a respected music critic and translated the works of Nietzsche and other philosophers into German. Despite facing some criticism for his perceived conservatism and elitism, Von Doderer remains one of Austria's most admired literary figures.

Von Doderer was born into a well-to-do family in Vienna and studied philosophy, psychology, and musicology at the University of Vienna. He fought in World War I and was taken as a prisoner of war in Siberia for four years. After returning to Austria, he worked as a journalist and began writing novels. In addition to "Die Strudlhofstiege," his other notable works include "Die Wasserfälle von Slunj" (The Waterfalls of Slunj), "Die erleuchteten Fenster oder die Menschwerdung eines Abschaums" (The Illuminated Windows or The Humanization of a Scumbag), and "Ein Mord, den jeder begeht" (A Murder That Everyone Commits). Von Doderer struggled with alcoholism throughout his life and died of liver cirrhosis at the age of 70. Despite his personal struggles, he is remembered as one of Austria's most accomplished and influential writers.

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Hermann Bahr

Hermann Bahr (July 19, 1863 Linz-January 15, 1934 Munich) was an Austrian writer.

He was a prominent member of the Young Vienna movement, a group of writers and intellectuals who sought to overthrow traditional values and create a new culture in Austria-Hungary. Bahr was a prolific writer who penned plays, novels, essays, and criticism on a wide range of topics, including literature, art, and politics. He was known for his avant-garde style, which often combined elements of naturalism and symbolism. Bahr's work had a significant influence on Austrian literature and culture, and he played a key role in shaping the identity of the Young Vienna movement. He also had a reputation as a controversial figure and was involved in numerous literary feuds throughout his career.

Bahr's most famous works include "The Concert" and "The Game of Love and Death," both of which were popular plays during his lifetime. He was also known for his influential critical work "Zur Kritik der Moderne" (On the Critique of Modernity), in which he argued that art should be less concerned with traditional forms and more focused on reflecting the modern reality of society. Bahr was also a noted journalist, serving as editor for several literary and cultural magazines throughout his career.

Despite his success as a writer, Bahr was not without personal struggles. He suffered from depression and alcoholism, and his first marriage ended in divorce. Bahr also faced significant financial troubles throughout his life, and often relied on the support of friends and wealthy patrons. In the wake of World War I and the collapse of the Austro-Hungarian Empire, Bahr became increasingly disillusioned with politics and society, and his later works reflected a pessimistic view of the world.

Today, Bahr is remembered as one of Austria's most important cultural figures of the early 20th century. His ideas and artistic innovations continue to inspire artists and writers, and his legacy remains an important part of Austria's literary and cultural history.

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August Labitzky

August Labitzky (October 22, 1832 Bečov nad Teplou-August 28, 1903 Bad Reichenhall) was an Austrian personality.

He was a composer and conductor, known for his contribution to the evolution of Viennese waltz. Labitzky was born into a family of musicians and started his music career as a member of the orchestra of the Imperial and Royal Infantry Regiment No. 49. In 1856, he became the conductor of a popular dance orchestra in Vienna and gained fame for his ability to compose catchy and lively waltzes. Labitzky composed over 200 works, including the famous "Jockey" and "Stephanie" waltzes. He also toured extensively with his orchestra and was a popular figure in Vienna's social scene. Labitzky's innovation in the Viennese waltz helped establish it as one of the most recognisable musical genres of the 19th century.

In addition to his work as a composer and conductor, August Labitzky was also an accomplished violinist. He was known for his virtuosic performances and was praised for his technical skills and expressiveness. Labitzky's performances were known to be energetic and lively, and he would often interact with his audiences during his shows.

One of the other significant contributions that Labitzky made to the world of music was his role in the popularisation of ballroom dancing. As the conductor of one of Vienna's most popular dance orchestras, he played for many high-profile events and helped to establish ballroom dancing as a popular pastime among the city's aristocracy.

Despite his massive success in his career, August Labitzky lived a relatively quiet life. He married twice, and a few of his children also went on to become musicians. Labitzky passed away in 1903 at the age of 70, leaving behind a legacy as one of the most important figures in the development of Viennese waltz and ballroom dancing.

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Paul Grohmann

Paul Grohmann (June 12, 1838 Vienna-July 29, 1908 Vienna) was an Austrian writer and mountaineer.

He is considered one of the pioneers of modern mountaineering, having completed over 1,300 climbs throughout his career. His most notable climbs include the first successful ascent of Grohmannspitze in 1868 and the first ascent of the Civetta in 1873. Grohmann was also an accomplished writer, having authored several books on mountaineering and travel. He was a member of the Austrian Alpine Club and played a key role in the organization of the 1875 Vienna World's Fair, which included a large display of Alpine tourism.

In addition to his mountaineering and writing accomplishments, Paul Grohmann was also a successful businessman. He inherited a shoemaking company from his father and grew it into a successful international enterprise. However, despite his success in the business world, Grohmann remained passionate about mountaineering and continued to pursue his climbing and writing interests throughout his life. He also became a philanthropist, donating a significant portion of his wealth to fund various expeditions and explorations. Grohmann died in Vienna at the age of 70 and is remembered as one of the most influential figures in the early days of mountaineering.

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Johann Sahulka

Johann Sahulka (February 25, 1857 Deutsch-Wagram-October 8, 1927 Vienna) was an Austrian scientist, engineer and electrical engineer.

He studied engineering at the Technical University of Vienna and later worked as a professor of electrical engineering at the University of Technology in Brno, Czech Republic. Sahulka made significant contributions to the development of the Austrian electrical industry by designing the first electric power plant in Vienna in 1891. He is also credited with several inventions related to alternating current electric motors and generators. Sahulka received numerous awards throughout his career, including the honorary title of doctor honoris causa from the Technical University of Vienna. His contributions to the field of electrical engineering continue to be recognized today.

Sahulka was born in Deutsch-Wagram, Austria in 1857. He showed early promise as an engineer and excelled academically throughout his education. After completing his studies at the Technical University of Vienna, he began his illustrious career in electrical engineering.

Sahulka's contributions to the development of the Austrian electrical industry cannot be overstated. His work designing the first electric power plant in Vienna in 1891 greatly advanced the use of electricity as a power source in the region. He also made significant contributions to the development of alternating current electric motors and generators, which continue to be used today.

In addition to his work as an engineer and scientist, Sahulka was also a respected professor. He taught electrical engineering at the University of Technology in Brno, Czech Republic, where he inspired and mentored countless students throughout his career. His students went on to make their own contributions to the field of electrical engineering, further cementing Sahulka's impact on the industry.

Throughout his life, Sahulka was recognized for his contributions to electrical engineering. He received numerous awards and honors, including the distinguished title of doctor honoris causa from the Technical University of Vienna. His legacy continues to be felt in the field of electrical engineering to this day, and he is remembered as one of the most important figures in the history of Austrian science and engineering.

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Hanns Hörbiger

Hanns Hörbiger (November 29, 1860 Atzgersdorf-October 11, 1931 Mauer, Vienna) also known as Hans Horbiger or Johann Evangelist Hörbiger was an Austrian engineer. He had two children, Attila Hörbiger and Paul Hörbiger.

Hanns Hörbiger is best known for his theory of "Welteislehre" or "World Ice Doctrine," which proposed that ice was the fundamental substance of the universe and that all cosmic bodies were formed from it. Despite being widely discredited by the scientific community, Hörbiger attracted a following and the Nazi Party attempted to garner support for his ideas. Outside of his controversial theories, he was a successful industrialist and inventor, holding over 70 patents in his lifetime. He founded the Hörbiger Group, which is still in operation today and is involved in engineering, manufacturing and consulting. In addition to his scientific pursuits, Hörbiger was also a member of the Austrian parliament and an advocate for the Austrian nationalist movement.

Hanns Hörbiger began his career as an apprentice in a machine shop before pursuing his studies in engineering. He went on to work for various companies, such as Siemens, and later started his own engineering firm. Hörbiger was a true inventor at heart and his numerous patents covered a wide range of technological fields, from engines to cooling systems.

Apart from his scientific and engineering accomplishments, Hörbiger was an avid mountaineer and amatuer astronomer. He drew inspiration from his observations of celestial bodies, which he attributed to the formation and movement of ice in the universe. His theories, while widely criticized, sparked a fervent debate within scientific circles and beyond.

Hörbiger's ideas were embraced by the Nazi regime in Germany, who sought to use his theories as a means of promoting the supremacy of the Aryan race. This, coupled with his nationalist views, made him a controversial figure in the post-World War I period. Despite the controversy surrounding his work, Hörbiger was a respected member of Austrian society and received numerous awards and honors throughout his life.

Today, Hanns Hörbiger is remembered mainly for his "Welteislehre," which remains a symbol of the dangers of pseudoscientific thinking and the impact of political ideology on scientific inquiry. Nonetheless, his legacy as an engineer, inventor, and entrepreneur continues to inspire future generations of scientists and entrepreneurs.

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Walter Schleger

Walter Schleger (September 19, 1929 Prague-December 3, 1999) was an Austrian personality.

He was a celebrated film producer and director widely known for his contributions to the Austrian film industry. In 1956, he founded his own production studio, Schleger Films, which went on to produce several successful films. He also directed a number of films throughout his career, including the critically acclaimed "The Sorcerer's Apprentice" (1969) which won the Golden Leopard award at the Locarno Film Festival. Schleger was a member of the Austrian Film Academy and was honored with numerous awards recognizing his contribution to Austrian cinema. Additionally, he was an advocate for the preservation and promotion of Austrian culture and language.

Schleger's interest in film began at a young age, and he eventually moved to Vienna to pursue his career in the industry. He worked as an assistant director on several films before establishing his own production studio. Schleger mainly produced and directed Austrian films, but he also worked on international co-productions.

Throughout his career, Schleger worked with some of Austria's most prominent actors, including Romy Schneider and Klaus Maria Brandauer. He was known for his ability to bring out strong performances from his actors and for his meticulous attention to detail in his film productions.

In addition to his work in film, Schleger was actively involved in promoting Austrian culture and language. He was a member of the Austrian Society for Literature and was a passionate advocate for the Austrian dialect of German. He believed that promoting the Austrian language was essential to preserving the country's cultural identity.

Despite his success in the film industry, Schleger remained humble and dedicated to his work. He was known for his kindness and generosity towards others and was deeply respected by his colleagues in the film community.

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Toni Linhart

Toni Linhart (July 24, 1942 Leoben-May 12, 2013 Timonium, Maryland) was an Austrian american football player.

Linhart was best known for his career as a placekicker in the National Football League (NFL) and United States Football League (USFL). He played for the Baltimore Colts, San Diego Chargers, and Baltimore Stars throughout the 1970s and 1980s. Despite being born and raised in Austria, Linhart became a successful football player in the United States and is considered one of the best kickers in Baltimore Colts history. After retiring from football, Linhart went on to run his own successful construction and development company in Maryland. He was also an active supporter of numerous charitable organizations throughout his life.

Linhart's football career began when he attended the University of Tennessee, where he played both soccer and football. During his time at Tennessee, Linhart set a school record for the longest field goal at the time, kicking a 52-yard field goal against the University of Alabama. After college, he went on to play in the NFL and USFL for a total of ten years. During his time with the Baltimore Colts, Linhart set a franchise record for the longest field goal, making a 56-yard kick in a game against the Washington Redskins.

Linhart's success as a businessman was also notable. He founded his own construction and development company, which grew to become one of the most successful businesses of its kind in Maryland. Linhart received numerous awards for his business work, including the Entrepreneur of the Year award from Ernst & Young. Throughout his life, he was also committed to supporting charitable causes, such as the Special Olympics and the Cystic Fibrosis Foundation.

In addition to his achievements on the field and in business, Linhart was known for his generosity and kindness towards others. He was loved and respected by many, and his contributions to his community and sport will always be remembered.

He died in cancer.

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Anton Ghon

Anton Ghon (January 1, 1866-April 23, 1936) a.k.a. Dr. Anton Ghon was an Austrian physician.

He is best known for his discovery of the cause of tuberculosis, which he identified as the tuberculosis germ, Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Ghon also contributed significantly to the fields of pathology and histology, and is credited with developing a staining method for tuberculosis. He served as a professor at the University of Vienna and was a member of the Austrian Academy of Sciences. In addition to his work in medicine, Ghon was an avid collector of art and artifacts from Africa and Oceania, amassing a significant collection that was later donated to the Museum of Ethnology in Vienna.

During his career, Ghon also made significant contributions in the field of child health. He was instrumental in establishing the first Viennese health care facility for children, called "Am Steinhof", which focused on the treatment of tuberculosis infections in children. Ghon also wrote several publications on child health, including "Die Lungentuberkulose der Kinder und die Erwachsenentuberkulose" (Childhood Pulmonary Tuberculosis and Adult Tuberculosis) and "Die Lungentuberkulose im Kindesalter" (Pulmonary Tuberculosis in Childhood). Ghon was a respected medical authority both in Austria and internationally, and was recognized for his numerous achievements in the field of medicine.

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Carl Auer von Welsbach

Carl Auer von Welsbach (September 1, 1858 Vienna-August 4, 1929 Mölbling) was an Austrian physicist, chemist and inventor.

He was known for his discovery of several new elements, including neodymium and praseodymium, which are commonly used in modern technologies such as headphones, wind turbines, and electric cars. He also developed the gas mantle, a device used in gas lamps that greatly increased their brightness and efficiency. In addition to his work on elements and lighting, Welsbach also made significant contributions to the field of optics and was awarded numerous honors for his scientific achievements.

Welsbach was born into a wealthy family in Vienna in 1858. He received a rigorous education in science and engineering, and by the age of 23, he had already made significant contributions to the field of analytical chemistry. He worked as a lecturer at the University of Vienna from 1882 to 1892, where he continued his research on rare earth elements.

In 1892, Welsbach established his own laboratory and began to focus on developing new technologies related to lighting. He invented the gas mantle, which was a significant improvement on previous lighting methods such as candles and oil lamps. Gas mantles were much brighter and more efficient, providing more light with less fuel.

Welsbach's work with rare earth elements led to his discovery of neodymium and praseodymium, which are still used today in a variety of electronic devices. He is also credited with the invention of the metal filament for incandescent lamps, which increased the lifespan of light bulbs and made them more affordable.

In addition to his work in science and engineering, Welsbach was a devoted philanthropist. He established a foundation to support scientific research and education in Austria and donated generously to charities and institutions throughout his life.

Welsbach died in August 1929 at his estate in Mölbling. His contributions to science and technology continue to be celebrated today, and his name is memorialized in the scientific community with the Welsbach Patent, which refers to his work in gas mantles.

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Sissy Löwinger

Sissy Löwinger (June 22, 1941 Graz-September 25, 2011 Altlengbach) also known as Cäcilia Löwinger was an Austrian actor.

She was born into a family of actors and performers, and grew up in the world of theater. Löwinger began her acting career in the 1950s, performing in various theater productions throughout Austria. She later became known for her work in television, appearing in popular Austrian shows such as "Ein echter Wiener geht nicht unter" and "Kaisermühlen Blues".

Löwinger was also a talented singer and had a successful career as a cabaret artist. She was known for her humor and wit, and often incorporated political satire into her performances. Löwinger was awarded numerous honors throughout her career, including the Golden Medal of Honor for Services to the City of Vienna.

She passed away in 2011 at the age of 70, leaving behind a legacy as one of Austria's most beloved actors and performers.

Löwinger's career spanned over five decades, during which she appeared in numerous films and stage productions. In the 1970s she worked with the legendary Austrian director Ernst Haeusserman, whom she considered to be a mentor. She continued to work throughout the 1990s and into the early 2000s, appearing in popular television shows and films such as "Kommissar Rex" and "Poppitz". In addition to her work as an actor, Löwinger was also a successful writer, penning several books including a memoir about her life in the theater. Outside of her professional career, Löwinger was known for her philanthropic work and dedication to animal welfare. She was heavily involved in the Austrian organization "Pfotenhilfe" (Paw Aid), which provides assistance to stray and abandoned animals. Her contributions to the arts and her humanitarian efforts have cemented Löwinger's place in Austrian cultural history.

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Otto von Fürth

Otto von Fürth (November 18, 1867 Strakonice-June 7, 1938 Vienna) was an Austrian chemist.

He was known for his research on enzymes, specifically discovering a type of enzyme called a protease, which breaks down proteins. Furth also made important contributions to the understanding of the chemistry of metabolism and the role of enzymes in catalyzing biochemical reactions.

In addition to his scientific work, von Fürth was also an accomplished pianist and guitarist. He often performed in his free time and even composed music.

Von Fürth taught at the University of Vienna for many years, eventually becoming the head of the chemistry department. He also served as the president of the Austrian Chemical Society and was awarded numerous honors for his contributions to the field of chemistry.

During his time at the University of Vienna, Otto von Fürth also established a research institute that focused on enzyme research. This institute became one of the preeminent centers for enzyme research in Europe. Von Fürth was also a prolific writer, authoring over 200 scientific papers and co-authoring a popular textbook on biochemistry.

Von Fürth's work on proteases was particularly influential in the development of early treatments for diseases caused by bacterial infections, such as streptococcal infections. He discovered that proteases could destroy the toxins produced by streptococci bacteria, leading to the development of protease-based treatments for streptococcal infections.

Despite his many accomplishments, von Fürth's career was cut short by the rise of Nazism. He was forced to resign from his position at the University of Vienna in 1938 and was ultimately unable to continue his research. Von Fürth died later that same year, just months after resigning from his post. His contributions to the field of enzyme research have continued to influence the field, however, and his research on proteases remains an important part of biochemistry today.

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Max Reinhardt

Max Reinhardt (September 9, 1873 Baden bei Wien-October 31, 1943 New York City) a.k.a. Maximilian Goldmann was an Austrian actor, theatre director, impresario and film director. He had one child, Gottfried Reinhardt.

Reinhardt was the founder of the Salzburg Festival and is widely regarded as one of the greatest theatre directors of the 20th century. He began his career as an actor, but quickly moved into directing and producing. Reinhardt was known for his innovative use of stage design, lighting, and sound, as well as his use of large casts and elaborate costumes.

In addition to his work in theatre, Reinhardt also directed and produced films. His most famous film is probably "A Midsummer Night's Dream" (1935), which was nominated for two Academy Awards. Reinhardt fled Austria during World War II and moved to the United States, where he continued to direct on Broadway and in Hollywood.

Reinhardt's legacy has had a lasting impact on theatre and film. His approach to directing and production has influenced countless directors, and his dedication to creating epic, extravagant productions remains an inspiration to this day.

Despite being of Jewish descent, Max Reinhardt converted to Christianity to further his career, which was important due to the antisemitism that was prevalent at the time. He was a pioneer of the "total theatre" movement, which aimed to create a unified spectacle that combined all aspects of theatre. Reinhardt also mentored many influential theatre and film personalities, including Marlene Dietrich, William Dieterle, and Peter Lorre. In addition to his work as a director, Reinhardt was also a strong advocate for the importance of education in the arts. He founded an acting school in Berlin and helped establish the Neue Wiener Schauspielhaus in Vienna. Reinhardt died of a heart attack in New York City in 1943, leaving behind a legacy as one of the most important figures in the history of theatre and film.

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Helene Weigel

Helene Weigel (May 12, 1900 Vienna-May 6, 1971 Berlin) was an Austrian actor. She had two children, Stefan Brecht and Barbara Brecht-Schall.

Weigel is best known for her work with Bertolt Brecht, the German playwright and poet whom she met in 1927. They married a year later and went on to collaborate on many iconic plays, including "The Threepenny Opera" and "Mother Courage and Her Children."

After the Nazi party came to power, the couple fled Germany and settled in the United States. There, they continued to produce plays and work in the theater industry. However, the couple's politics eventually led to conflict with the US government and they were both called to testify before the House Committee on Un-American Activities, which was investigating alleged communist influence in the entertainment industry.

Weigel and Brecht eventually left the US and settled in East Berlin, where they founded the Berliner Ensemble theater company. Weigel became the company's artistic director and starred in many of its productions. She continued to work in the theater until her death in 1971.

Weigel was known for her exceptional acting skills and her ability to bring depth and complexity to the characters she portrayed. She was also a committed socialist and her political beliefs were reflected in her work with Brecht. While in the United States, Weigel and Brecht also worked on translating and adapting many of Brecht's plays into English.

In addition to her work with Brecht, Weigel was also involved in other theater productions and films. She appeared in the film "Kuhle Wampe" in 1932, which was directed by Slatan Dudow and co-written by Brecht. During her time in East Berlin, she was awarded the National Prize of East Germany for her contributions to the arts.

Weigel's legacy continues to live on through the Berliner Ensemble theater company, which still puts on productions of Brecht's works today. She is remembered as a talented actor and director, a committed socialist, and an important figure in the world of German theater.

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Alexander von Zemlinsky

Alexander von Zemlinsky (October 14, 1871 Vienna-March 15, 1942 Larchmont) also known as Zemlinsky, Alexander von was an Austrian composer and conductor.

Discography: Lyrische Symphonie, etc. (Gürzenich-Orchester Kölner Philharmoniker feat. conductor: James Conlon), Lyrische Symphonie / Symphonische Gesänge (Royal Concertgebouw feat. conductor: Riccardo Chailly), Die Seejungfrau / Sinfonietta / Cymbeline Suite / Frühlingsbegräbnis / Ein Tanzpoem (Gürzenich-Orchester Kölner Philharmoniker feat. conductor: James Conlon), Der Zwerg (Frankfurter Kantorei & Gürzenich-Orchester Köln feat. conductor: James Conlon), Zemlinsky, Trio Op. 3 / Schönberg, Verklärte Nacht Op. 4 (Clementi-Trio Köln), , Piano Trios, and .

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Archduke Joseph, Palatine of Hungary

Archduke Joseph, Palatine of Hungary (March 9, 1776 Florence-January 13, 1847 Buda) was an Austrian personality. He had five children, Marie Henriette of Austria, Archduke Joseph Karl of Austria, Archduchess Elisabeth Franziska of Austria, Archduke Stephen, Palatine of Hungary and Archduchess Hermine of Austria.

Archduke Joseph was born as the son of Grand Duke Leopold of Tuscany and Princess Maria Luisa of Spain. He served as the Palatine of Hungary from 1796 to 1847, during which he played a key role in the economic and cultural development of Hungary. In addition to his political activities, Joseph was also an art collector and patron of the arts. He established a substantial art collection that is currently housed in the Museum of Fine Arts in Budapest. Joseph was known for his liberal political views and was a supporter of the Hungarian national movement. He died in Buda (now Budapest) in 1847 and was buried in the royal crypt in Vienna.

Archduke Joseph was also known for his military career. He fought in the Austro-Turkish War of 1787-1791 and later served as the commander-in-chief of the Austrian army during the Hungarian Revolution of 1848. During his rule as Palatine of Hungary, he worked to establish better economic conditions, improve transportation, and promote education in the country. He was also responsible for the construction of numerous public buildings, including the Hungarian National Museum and the Hungarian State Opera House. In recognition of his contributions, a town in Hungary was named after him - Józsefváros (Joseph-town). Joseph was highly respected for his progressive views and was often referred to as the "father of the nation" by the Hungarian people.

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Ernst Marischka

Ernst Marischka (January 2, 1893 Vienna-May 12, 1963 Chur) also known as Ernest Marischka was an Austrian screenwriter, film director and film producer.

He is best known for his work in the Sissi film trilogy which starred Romy Schneider. Marischka began his career as a journalist before transitioning into filmmaking in the 1920s. He directed over 40 films and wrote the scripts for many more. In addition to the Sissi film trilogy, Marischka's other notable works include the films Die Deutschmeister (1955) and The Congress Dances (1931), for which he also wrote the screenplay. He was married to the actress Maria Eis for 25 years and often worked with her in his films. Marischka passed away in Chur, Switzerland in 1963.

Marischka was born into a family of actors and musicians in Vienna, Austria in 1893. His father was a famous actor and his mother was an opera singer. He grew up surrounded by the performing arts and had a keen interest in theater from a young age. After completing his education, Marischka started his career as a journalist, writing for newspapers and magazines.

In the 1920s, Marischka shifted his focus to filmmaking and began working as a screenwriter and director. His early films were silent movies, but he successfully made the transition to sound cinema in the 1930s. Some of his notable works from this period include The Congress Dances (1931) and Frauenarzt Dr. Schäfer (1936).

Marischka's most successful period as a filmmaker was during the 1950s and 1960s. He wrote and directed the Sissi film trilogy, which starred the up-and-coming actress Romy Schneider. The films were enormously popular in Europe and brought both Schneider and Marischka international recognition.

Throughout his career, Marischka worked with many of the biggest names in Austrian and German cinema. He collaborated frequently with his wife Maria Eis, but also worked with actors such as Paula Wessely, Curd Jürgens, and Karlheinz Böhm.

Ernst Marischka's contributions to Austrian and German cinema have been widely acknowledged. His films are still viewed and enjoyed by audiences around the world.

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Leo Rudolf Raubal, Jr.

Leo Rudolf Raubal, Jr. (October 12, 1906 Linz-August 18, 1977 Spain) also known as Leo Rudolf Raubal was an Austrian teacher and soldier. He had one child, Peter Raubal.

Leo Rudolf Raubal, Jr. is best known for being the nephew of Adolf Hitler. He was the son of Leo Rudolf Raubal Sr., Hitler's half-sister Angela Raubal's husband. As a young boy, Raubal was close to his uncle Hitler and lived with him in his apartment in Munich for a period of time. However, as he grew older, Raubal began to distance himself from his uncle and the Nazi party. He joined the Austrian army and later became a teacher. Despite his efforts to distance himself from his uncle's legacy, Raubal was still under close surveillance by the Allied forces during and after World War II. After the war, he moved to Spain where he lived until his death in 1977.

Leo Rudolf Raubal Jr. was born in Linz, Austria-Hungary, which was later taken over by Germany, on October 12th, 1906, and was the oldest son of Angela Raubal and Leo Raubal Sr. He was close to his uncle Adolf Hitler's since childhood and as a young boy, he lived with him and his girlfriend Eva Braun in their apartment in Munich. Raubal attended high school in Linz, but after his parents divorced in 1922, he moved to Vienna with his mother and younger brother, where he attended teacher's training college.

In 1930, Raubal married Geli Raubal, another of Hitler's nieces, who later died in mysterious circumstances. After Geli's death, Raubal drifted away from his uncle and the Nazi party, which he considered corrupt and responsible for his wife's death. Instead, he joined the Austrian army and served as a lieutenant until 1938 when Austria was annexed by Nazi Germany.

During World War II, Raubal was not involved in the Nazi military or political activities and continued his teaching career. After the war, he was interrogated and under surveillance by the Allied forces, who suspected that he might have had knowledge of Hitler's plans or whereabouts. However, no significant evidence was found, and Raubal denied any involvement in his uncle's activities.

In 1948, Raubal divorced his first wife and married a Spanish woman named Maria Sabina, with whom he had a son, Peter Raubal. The family moved to Spain, where Raubal became a language teacher and lived a quiet life until his death on August 18th, 1977.

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Anton Perwein

Anton Perwein (November 10, 1911-December 14, 1981) was an Austrian personality.

He was a ski racer who competed in the 1930s and 1940s. Perwein won the bronze medal in the downhill at the 1936 Winter Olympics in Garmisch-Partenkirchen, Germany. He also won silver in the downhill at the 1937 World Championships in Chamonix, France. After retiring from skiing, Perwein worked as a ski instructor and served as a coach for the Austrian national team. He was inducted into the Austrian Skiing Hall of Fame in 2017. Perwein died in December 1981 at the age of 70.

Perwein was born in Kitzbühel, Austria and began skiing at a young age in the Kitzbühel Alps. He quickly rose through the ranks of ski racing and became known for his aggressive and fearless style. In addition to his Olympic and World Championship medals, Perwein also won multiple national titles in Austria throughout the 1930s.

During World War II, Perwein was drafted into the German military and sent to fight on the Eastern Front. He was captured by the Soviet Union and spent several years as a prisoner of war before being released in 1949. Following his return to Austria, Perwein resumed his career as a ski instructor and coach, helping to train several successful athletes including Karl Schranz and Franz Klammer.

Perwein's legacy in the world of skiing continues to be celebrated by enthusiasts and professionals alike. The Anton Perwein Memorial Race, held annually in Kitzbühel, is named in his honor and serves as a tribute to his contributions to the sport.

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Christian Broda

Christian Broda (March 12, 1916 Vienna-February 1, 1987 Vienna) was an Austrian personality.

He was a renowned economist and educator whose work contributed significantly to the field of international finance. After completing his education, Broda began his career as an assistant professor at the University of Chicago, where he taught courses in international trade and finance.

Broda's research focused on the effects of exchange-rate policies on international trade, and he is credited with developing a theoretical framework that continues to influence the field of international finance today. He also served as an economic advisor to several governments and international organizations, including the United Nations and the World Bank.

Beyond his academic and advisory work, Broda was known for his commitment to promoting international cooperation and understanding. He was a member of numerous professional organizations and served as a trustee of several educational institutions. His legacy continues to inspire future generations of economists and educators.

In addition to his impressive academic and advisory work, Christian Broda was the author of several influential books in the field of economics. Some of his most notable works include "The Theory of Economic Integration" and "International Financial Policy: Essays in Honor of Jacques J. Polak." Broda's expertise and contributions to the field of economics were widely recognized during his lifetime. He received several prestigious awards, including the Alexander von Humboldt Foundation Fellowship and the Guggenheim Fellowship. Broda also served as the president of the International Economic Association from 1972 to 1975. Even after his passing in 1987, Broda's work and ideas continue to be studied and discussed by economists and policymakers around the world.

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Constantin von Ettingshausen

Constantin von Ettingshausen (June 16, 1826 Vienna-February 1, 1897 Graz) was an Austrian geologist and botanist.

He is best known for his work in botany, where he contributed to the study of plant anatomy and morphology. Ettingshausen began his studies at the University of Vienna, where he obtained his doctorate in natural sciences in 1849. Following this, he became a lecturer at the university and later served as a professor of geology and mineralogy.

In addition to his scientific work, Ettingshausen was also involved in public life, serving as a member of the Austrian parliament for several years. He was a respected figure in the scientific community and made significant contributions to the field of botany, particularly in the area of fossil plant studies. His most important work was a comprehensive study of the Tertiary flora of Austria, which was published in 1867.

Ettingshausen was also a member of numerous scientific societies, both in Austria and abroad, and his contributions to the field were recognized with many awards and honors. The mineral ettingshausenite was named in his honor.

Ettingshausen's interest in botany grew during his travels throughout Europe and Asia, where he collected numerous specimens of plants and fossils. He conducted extensive research on plant anatomy and morphology, which led to the development of a new method for determining the age of plant fossils by analyzing their cell structure. His studies also included the classification of fossil plants, and he identified several new species.

In addition to his scientific and political career, Ettingshausen was also an accomplished artist and illustrator. He was known for his detailed drawings of plants and fossils, many of which were included in his scientific publications.

Ettingshausen's legacy in the field of botany lives on today, and his contributions are still celebrated by scientists around the world. His comprehensive study of the Tertiary flora of Austria is still considered a seminal work in the field, and his research on plant fossils continues to inform our understanding of plant evolution and biodiversity.

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