Austrian musicians died at 73

Here are 21 famous musicians from Austria died at 73:

Erwin Schrödinger

Erwin Schrödinger (August 12, 1887 Vienna-January 4, 1961 Vienna) otherwise known as Erwin Schrodinger, Erwin Schrödinger or Erwin Rudolf Josef Alexander Schrödinger was an Austrian physicist.

Schrödinger is famous for his groundbreaking work in quantum mechanics, notably his development of the Schrödinger equation. He was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1933 for his contributions to the development of quantum mechanics. Schrödinger also made important contributions to the field of thermodynamics and to the understanding of the nature of light. In addition to his scientific work, he was also a philosopher and wrote several books on the intersection of science, philosophy, and spirituality. During his lifetime, Schrödinger held numerous academic positions in Europe, including professorships in Zurich, Vienna, and Berlin.

Schrödinger's personal life was marked by several marriages - he was married four times - and numerous affairs, including one with his third wife's adult daughter. He also struggled with depression and his health throughout his life. In 1935, he moved to Ireland and took up a position at the Dublin Institute for Advanced Studies, where he spent the majority of the rest of his life. Despite his contributions to quantum mechanics, Schrödinger was critical of some of its interpretations, famously questioning the implications of his own thought experiment, Schrödinger's cat. Today, Schrödinger's work is still widely studied and has had a profound impact on our understanding of the nature of reality.

He died caused by tuberculosis.

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Toni Sailer

Toni Sailer (November 17, 1935 Kitzbühel-August 24, 2009 Innsbruck) was an Austrian personality.

Toni Sailer was a former alpine ski racer and actor. He was the first person to win all three alpine skiing events at a single Olympics, achieving the feat at the 1956 Winter Olympics in Cortina d'Ampezzo, Italy. After his skiing career, he pursued acting and starred in several films, including "The Eiger Sanction" with Clint Eastwood. He also became a successful entrepreneur and founded a ski equipment company. Sailer was known for his elegant style on the slopes and his contributions to Austrian skiing. In 1999, he was named Austria's "Sportsman of the Century".

In addition to his Olympic success, Toni Sailer also won seven World Championship medals, including the triple crown of alpine skiing in 1958 (winning the downhill, slalom, and giant slalom events). He retired from skiing in 1959 at the age of 23. After his acting career waned in the 1970s, Sailer returned to skiing and coached the Austrian national team. Later in life, he became a vocal advocate for anti-smoking campaigns in Austria. Toni Sailer's legacy in skiing is still felt today, with the Toni Sailer Ski Stadium in Kitzbühel being named in his honor.

He died as a result of laryngeal cancer.

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Alexander Roda Roda

Alexander Roda Roda (April 13, 1872 Drnovice-August 20, 1945 New York City) was an Austrian writer.

Roda Roda was born as Sandor Friedrich Rosenfeld in what is today the Czech Republic. He worked as a journalist and author, publishing numerous novels and short story collections throughout his career. He was also a successful playwright, writing several plays that were performed in theaters throughout Vienna. Roda Roda was known for his humorous and satirical writing style, often using irony and wit to comment on social and political issues of the time. In addition to his artistic work, he was also politically active, advocating for the rights of Jewish people and other minority groups. Roda Roda was forced to flee Vienna during the rise of the Nazi party and eventually settled in the United States, where he continued to write until his death in 1945.

Roda Roda was born into a Jewish family and spoke both Czech and German fluently. He initially pursued a career in law and worked as a court clerk before transitioning to writing full-time. Throughout his career, he contributed to several newspapers and journals, including the prestigious Neue Freie Presse in Vienna. Roda Roda's most famous work is his humorous and semi-autobiographical novel "Menschen im Krieg" (People in War), which was published in 1912 and became a bestseller. The novel was based on Roda Roda's experiences as a war correspondent during the Balkan War. In addition to his writing, he was also a well-known socialite in Vienna and was often seen at parties and cultural events. Roda Roda's legacy continues through the Alexander Roda Roda Medal for outstanding Austrian journalists, named in his honor.

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Peter Aufschnaiter

Peter Aufschnaiter (November 2, 1899 Kitzbühel-October 12, 1973 Innsbruck) was an Austrian mountaineer.

He is best known for his travels in the East, particularly his time spent in Tibet. In 1939, Aufschnaiter and Heinrich Harrer were part of a four-man team that successfully completed the first ascent of the infamous North Face of the Eiger in the Swiss Alps. Later that year, he and Harrer set out on a trip to Tibet, but their plans were derailed by the outbreak of World War II. They were subsequently interned in a British POW camp in India.

In 1944, Aufschnaiter and Harrer escaped from the camp and embarked on an incredible journey across the Himalayas to Lhasa, the capital of Tibet. They lived in Tibet for several years, where Aufschnaiter became a close confidant of the Dalai Lama and served as an agricultural advisor to the Tibetan government.

After leaving Tibet in 1951, Aufschnaiter returned to Austria and became a successful painter, focusing on landscape and mountain scenes. He remained an active mountain climber into his seventies and died in 1973 at the age of 73.

Aufschnaiter's time in Tibet was not without controversy. He was a member of the Nazi party and had a strained relationship with Harrer, who was also a Nazi. Aufschnaiter himself admitted that he joined the party for career opportunities, not because of any ideological beliefs. Regardless, some have criticized Aufschnaiter's involvement with the party and the fact that he remained in Tibet during China's invasion and occupation of the country in the 1950s.

Despite this, Aufschnaiter's accomplishments as a mountaineer and adventurer are still remembered today. He wrote an account of his travels with Harrer in the book "Seven Years in Tibet", which was later made into a movie starring Brad Pitt. The book has become a classic of mountaineering and travel literature, and Aufschnaiter is remembered as one of the most important explorers of the 20th century.

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Hans Richter

Hans Richter (April 4, 1843 Győr-December 5, 1916 Bayreuth) was an Austrian conductor.

He is particularly known for his work in promoting contemporary music, including leading the premieres of works by Bruckner, Brahms, Mahler, and Richard Strauss. Richter was also a close conductor friend of Johannes Brahms, and the two worked closely together on many projects. Additionally, Richter was a conductor at the Bayreuth Festival, where he conducted the premieres of several of Wagner's operas, including the first complete performance of the Ring cycle. Outside of his conducting work, Richter was also an accomplished composer, and wrote several works for orchestra, chamber ensemble, and solo instruments.

Richter began his musical career as a cellist in the Budapest National Theater orchestra at the age of 17. He later became a conductor, serving as the director of the Budapest Opera from 1871-1875. He went on to hold conducting positions in various cities throughout Europe, including Leipzig, Berlin, Vienna, and London. In London, he founded the Royal Philharmonic Society and conducted the first of many concerts in 1895. He was also a conductor of the Hallé Orchestra in Manchester.

Throughout his career, Richter was known for his tireless advocacy for contemporary music. He championed many new composers, including Gustav Mahler, whose works he conducted frequently. One of Richter's most notable contributions to music history was his role in the premiere of Wagner's Ring cycle. He conducted the first complete performance of the cycle in Bayreuth in 1876, and went on to conduct many more performances of the work throughout his career.

Richter's own compositions were heavily influenced by Wagner and Bruckner, and showcased his skills as a master orchestrator. He wrote several symphonies, as well as works for chamber ensemble, solo instruments, and choir. despite his success as a conductor and composer, Richter was known for his modesty and humbleness.

Overall, Hans Richter was a highly influential figure in 19th-century music, whose dedication to contemporary music helped to shape the course of classical music history.

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Karoline Pichler

Karoline Pichler (September 7, 1769 Vienna-July 9, 1843 Vienna) a.k.a. Pichler, Karoline was an Austrian writer.

She was born into a family of merchants and received a thorough education in literature, music, and languages. Her father, Johann Heinrich Ferdinand Schingg, instilled in her a love of literature, and she began writing at a young age. When she was 18, she published her first book, a collection of poems.

Pichler's literary career blossomed and she became a well-respected writer in Vienna. Her works often focused on the themes of love and family, and her writing had a distinctly romantic style. She wrote numerous novels, plays, and poems, and was praised for her ability to create relatable, complex characters.

In addition to her writing, Pichler was also active in Vienna's literary and cultural scene. She hosted salons at her home, where writers, artists, and other intellectuals would gather to discuss their work and ideas. She was a champion of women's rights and often advocated for the education and empowerment of women.

Pichler's legacy as a writer and cultural figure is still celebrated today. Many of her works have been republished and continue to be studied in literature courses. Her commitment to advancing the rights and opportunities of women continues to inspire new generations of female writers and thinkers.

Pichler's most famous work is her novel "Die Schweden in Prag" (The Swedes in Prague), which was published in 1813. The novel was set during the Thirty Years' War and was a popular success, selling out its initial print run within weeks of its release. Pichler continued to write throughout her life and was a prolific author, producing a large body of work that included over 60 novels, as well as poetry and drama.

In addition to her literary work, Pichler was also involved in philanthropic activities. She established a fund for poor and orphaned girls in Vienna and worked to improve living conditions for the city's lower classes. Pichler was also a friend and correspondent of the composer Ludwig van Beethoven, and the two exchanged letters for many years.

Pichler's influence on Austrian literature and culture was significant, and she was widely regarded as one of the leading writers of her era. Her works were praised for their emotional depth and insightful characterizations, and her advocacy for women's rights was ahead of its time. Today, she is remembered as an important figure in the history of Austrian literature and as a champion of women's rights and social justice.

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Ernst Fischer

Ernst Fischer (July 3, 1899 Austria-July 31, 1972 Deutschfeistritz) was an Austrian writer, journalist, politician and organist.

Born in Bruck an der Mur, Austria, Ernst Fischer had a keen interest in music and literature from a young age. As an accomplished organist, he studied music in Vienna and later worked as a music teacher. However, he was also drawn to writing and journalism, writing articles and essays on literature, politics, and social issues.

Fischer was a prolific writer, publishing numerous books on a wide range of topics, including art, Marxism, and cultural theory. He was also an important political figure, serving as a member of the Communist Party of Austria and later as a member of parliament. He played a key role in shaping the party's policies and advocating for social justice and equality.

In addition to his political and literary pursuits, Fischer continued to pursue his love of music, performing as an organist in various churches throughout Austria. He died in Deutschfeistritz, Austria, in 1972, leaving behind a rich legacy as a writer, politician, and musician.

Along with his literary and music careers, Ernst Fischer was also known for his humanitarian work. During World War II, he was persecuted by the Nazi regime for his political views and spent time in concentration camps. After the war, he worked tirelessly to promote peace and social justice, serving as a member of the International Peace Council and advocating for disarmament and nuclear non-proliferation. Fischer's dedication to progressive causes earned him numerous awards and accolades, including the Austrian Literature Prize and the International Lenin Peace Prize. Today, he is remembered as one of Austria's most influential writers and political figures, whose work continues to inspire generations of activists and artists across the globe.

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Joe May

Joe May (November 7, 1880 Vienna-April 29, 1954 Hollywood) a.k.a. Julius Otto Mandl, Joseph Otto Mandel, Joseph Mandel or Fred Majo was an Austrian film director, screenwriter and film producer. He had one child, Eva May.

May began his career as a director in 1912 and directed over 120 films throughout his career in both Austria and Germany. He was one of the most prominent directors of the silent film era and was known for his epic productions and innovative camera techniques. Some of his most notable works include "The Indian Tomb" (1921) and "The Saga of Gösta Berling" (1924), the latter of which starred a young Greta Garbo in her international debut. May's career came to a halt when the Nazis rose to power in Germany due to his Jewish heritage. He fled to France and later to the United States, where he continued to work in the film industry but on a smaller scale. May's legacy has persisted throughout the years, with many of his films being considered classics of the silent era.

In addition to his work as a director, screenwriter, and film producer, Joe May was also a key figure in the development of the German film industry. He co-founded the production company May-Film GmbH in 1919 and helped establish the influential film journal Der Kinematograph. May was also a mentor to a number of aspiring filmmakers, including Fritz Lang, who worked as his assistant director on several films. Despite his contributions to the German film industry, May's work was largely overlooked during the post-war period, and he was not fully recognized for his achievements until many years later. In 1953, May received the Filmband in Gold, the highest award bestowed by the German film industry, in recognition of his lifetime contributions to cinema.

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Marian Wolfgang Koller

Marian Wolfgang Koller (October 31, 1792-April 5, 1866) was an Austrian scientist.

Born in Vienna, Koller was a highly accomplished physicist and mathematician who made significant contributions to the fields of acoustics, optics, and thermodynamics. He obtained his PhD from the University of Vienna in 1814 and went on to become a professor there in 1820. Koller conducted groundbreaking research on the properties of sound waves and the reflection and refraction of light. He also made significant improvements to the design of steam engines and developed methods for measuring the specific heat of various substances. In addition to his scientific work, Koller was an accomplished musician and composer, and he believed in the importance of integrating the arts and sciences. He died in Vienna in 1866, leaving behind a legacy of scientific innovation and artistic inspiration.

Koller was a versatile scientist who made numerous important contributions during the course of his career. His work in the field of thermodynamics is particularly noteworthy, as his research on the specific heat of different materials laid the foundation for future advancements in this area. He is also known for his development of new instrumentation and techniques for measuring physical properties, which significantly improved the accuracy of scientific experiments.

As well as his scientific work, Koller was an accomplished musician and composer. He played the piano and composed several works, including symphonies, concertos, and chamber music. Koller believed that the study of music was essential to the development of a finely-tuned scientific mind, and he often used musical analogies to explain complex scientific concepts. This holistic approach to learning has since become a hallmark of scientific education and research.

Koller's legacy continues to influence the worlds of science and music to this day. The Koller Observatory in Vienna, established in his honor in 1880, is a testament to his achievements and ongoing impact on scientific inquiry.

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Helmut Senekowitsch

Helmut Senekowitsch (October 22, 1933 Graz-September 9, 2007 Klosterneuburg) was an Austrian personality.

He is best known for his accomplishments as a footballer and coach. Senekowitsch played as a goalkeeper for Austria Vienna and was a part of the Austrian national team that finished third in the 1954 FIFA World Cup. After retiring from playing, he became a coach and led Austria Vienna to win the Austrian championship in 1976 and 1980. He later went on to coach the national teams of Austria, Iran, and Tunisia. Senekowitsch was also known for his charismatic personality and was often referred to as "The Professor" due to his deep knowledge of the game.

During his coaching career, Helmut Senekowitsch had a reputation for being innovative and experimenting with new formations and tactics. He was one of the first coaches to introduce the "libero" position, which is now a common defensive role in modern soccer. His coaching methods were often described as unconventional and he was known for his ability to motivate his players and create strong team spirit. Senekowitsch also had a successful career as a TV analyst and commentator, providing expert analysis during major soccer events such as the World Cup. He passed away in 2007 at the age of 73 after battling a long illness. Senekowitsch is remembered as one of the most influential figures in Austrian soccer history and a true legend of the game.

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Kurt Wöss

Kurt Wöss (May 2, 1914 Linz-December 4, 1987 Dresden) also known as Kurt Woss was an Austrian conductor.

He began his musical career at the age of six, playing the piano and the violin. After studying at the Mozarteum in Salzburg, he became a conductor and worked at the Vienna Volksoper and the German National Theatre in Weimar. Wöss also served as a conductor for the Wiener Sängerknaben and directed the choir of the Dresden State Opera. His career was interrupted during World War II when he was drafted into the German army and became a prisoner of war. After his release, he continued to conduct and became the principal conductor of the Leipzig Gewandhaus Orchestra in 1962. He was known for his interpretations of the works of Mozart, Beethoven, and Brahms. Wöss was awarded the National Prize of East Germany in 1965 for his contributions to the country's music culture.

In addition to his work as a conductor, Kurt Wöss was also a prolific composer, with more than 200 compositions to his name. He wrote music for a range of genres, including film scores and works for orchestras, choirs, and soloists. Wöss was particularly interested in the music of the Baroque period and was known for his interpretations of works by Johann Sebastian Bach. He was also a dedicated educator, teaching at the Dresden Conservatory from 1950 until his death in 1987. Many of his students went on to become successful conductors and musicians in their own right. Today, Wöss is remembered as one of the most important conductors and composers of his time, particularly in Germany and Austria.

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Wilhelm von Biela

Wilhelm von Biela (March 19, 1782 Roßla-February 18, 1856 Venice) was an Austrian astronomer.

He is best known for his discovery of the periodic comet known as Comet Biela, which was named after him. Biela also made significant contributions to the study of meteors and meteor showers, applying new methods of observation and calculation to help understand these phenomena. Throughout his career, Biela served in various positions at the Vienna Observatory, where he was highly respected for his precision and attention to detail. He was also a member of several scientific societies, including the Royal Astronomical Society and the Bavarian Academy of Sciences. Despite his contributions to the field, Biela's later years were marked by financial difficulties and declining health. He passed away in Venice in 1856 at the age of 73.

During his time at the Vienna Observatory, Wilhelm von Biela became interested in the study of double stars, and his work in this area was noted for its accuracy and thoroughness. He was instrumental in advocating for the use of the heliometer, a type of telescope that was particularly well-suited to measuring the positions and distances of double stars. Biela's efforts helped to popularize the use of the heliometer in astronomy, and he was awarded several honors for his contributions to the field.

In addition to his astronomical work, Biela was also a noted artist, and he produced a number of detailed and accurate illustrations of celestial bodies and other astronomical phenomena. His drawings were widely admired for their technical skill and for their ability to bring the wonders of the universe to life.

Despite the challenges he faced later in life, Wilhelm von Biela is remembered as one of the most influential astronomers of his time, and his discoveries and contributions continue to be studied and celebrated by scientists and scholars around the world.

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Andreas Rett

Andreas Rett (January 2, 1924 Fürth-April 25, 1997 Vienna) was an Austrian personality.

He was a pediatrician and medical researcher who made significant contributions in the field of medical genetics. Rett is best known for his discovery of the Rett syndrome, a rare genetic disorder that affects the development of the brain. He was also one of the pioneers of early childhood intervention, advocating for children with disabilities to receive early care and support. In addition to his medical work, Rett was also a philanthropist and advocate for social justice, supporting causes such as education and human rights. His contributions to the field of medicine have had a lasting impact, and continue to benefit children and families affected by Rett syndrome.

Rett received his medical degree from the University of Vienna in 1948, and began working as a pediatrician shortly thereafter. He spent much of his career as the head of the pediatric department at the University of Vienna, where he conducted pioneering research in the field of medical genetics. In 1966, he published a landmark paper describing a syndrome of developmental regression, loss of speech, and hand stereotypies, which would later come to be known as Rett syndrome.

Despite facing initial skepticism from the medical community, Rett's research helped shed light on the underlying genetic causes of the disorder and paved the way for improved care and treatment. He continued to conduct research and publish papers throughout his career, and was recognized with numerous awards and honors for his contributions to the field of medicine.

Outside of his medical work, Rett was deeply committed to philanthropy and social justice. He established the Andreas Rett Research Foundation, which supports research and advocacy efforts related to Rett syndrome and other developmental disorders. He also supported a variety of other causes, including education, poverty alleviation, and refugee rights.

Rett passed away in 1997, but his legacy continues to live on through his contributions to medicine and his dedication to improving the lives of others. Today, Rett syndrome is recognized as a distinct disorder and is the subject of ongoing research and clinical trials aimed at developing new treatments and therapies.

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Johann Michael Rottmayr

Johann Michael Rottmayr (December 11, 1656 Laufen-October 25, 1730 Mougins) was an Austrian personality.

Johann Michael Rottmayr was a skilled painter, mainly known for his incredible ceiling frescoes that adorned several prominent buildings in Austria and other countries. He was a member of a family of painters and received his training from his father in Salzburg.

In his early years, Rottmayr dedicated himself to portrait painting and altar pieces. However, he later gained recognition for his work in the Baroque style, becoming one of the most sought-after artists of his time. Some of his most notable works include the "Laufen Castle" ceiling fresco, the "St. Charles Church" dome fresco, and the "St Stephen's Cathedral" altar painting.

Rottmayr's reputation spread far beyond Austria, and he was commissioned to create works in other countries such as Germany, Italy, and France. He spent his final years in Mougins, France, where he continued to create masterful works until his death at the age of 74.

Today, Johann Michael Rottmayr is considered one of the most significant Austrian Baroque painters, and his works are still highly regarded and admired.

Many art historians also note Rottmayr's use of vibrant colors and dramatic lighting effects in his works, which helped create a sense of theatricality and grandeur. His influence can be seen in the works of subsequent artists, particularly in the development of the Rococo style. Rottmayr was also known for his collaboration with other influential artists of the time, including architect Johann Bernhard Fischer von Erlach and sculptor Lorenzo Mattielli. In addition to his artistic achievements, Rottmayr was also recognized for his role as a teacher, instructing several students who went on to become successful painters themselves. Overall, Johann Michael Rottmayr's career and legacy remain an important part of Austria's artistic heritage.

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Joseffy (March 3, 1873 Vienna-May 26, 1946) was an Austrian magician.

He was born Joseph Hirsch who started his career as a journalist before transitioning to magic. Joseffy performed in various European countries and eventually settled in the United States. He was known for his intricate and impressive illusions, many of which involved live animals such as tigers and elephants. Joseffy also invented several new tricks, including "The Vampire Illusion" where he appeared to be bitten by a vampire on stage. He wrote several books on magic and was a member of many prestigious magic societies. Joseffy retired from performing in the late 1930s and passed away in 1946 at the age of 73.

During his time in the United States, Joseffy performed for many celebrities including President Franklin D. Roosevelt, Houdini, and Charlie Chaplin. He was highly respected in the magic community and was known for his generosity in sharing his secrets with other magicians. Joseffy also had a deep love for animals and was a vocal advocate for their welfare, often incorporating messages of animal rights into his performances. Despite facing some controversy over his use of live animals in his acts, Joseffy remained a beloved figure in the magic world until his death.

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Walter Feit

Walter Feit (October 26, 1930 Vienna-July 29, 2004) was an Austrian mathematician.

Feit is best known for his work in group theory, where his most significant contribution is the proof of the odd-order theorem with John Thompson, which states that any finite group of odd order is solvable. This theorem was a major breakthrough in group theory and had many implications in pure mathematics and theoretical physics.

Feit earned his PhD from Yale University in 1959 and taught at Cornell University for over 40 years, where he was a beloved professor and mentor to many students. He received numerous awards throughout his life, including the Cole Prize in Algebra from the American Mathematical Society in 1986.

Feit was also a passionate advocate for social justice and was involved in civil rights activism in the United States during the 1960s. He remained committed to progressive causes throughout his life and was known for his generosity and kindness towards others.

Feit was born in Vienna in 1930, but his family fled to the United States in 1938 to escape Nazi persecution. As a child, Feit demonstrated an early aptitude for math and was recognized for his exceptional abilities. He attended the University of Chicago at the age of 16 and received his bachelor's degree in 1951. Feit then went on to earn his master's degree from the University of Michigan before earning his PhD from Yale University in 1959.

Feit's work on the odd-order theorem was groundbreaking and had a significant impact on the field of mathematics. The theorem had important implications for the classification of finite simple groups, which is a central area of research in group theory. Feit's work also had applications in theoretical physics, where it helped provide a framework for understanding the behavior of subatomic particles.

Throughout his career, Feit was also known as an inspiring teacher and mentor. He was deeply committed to his students and worked tirelessly to help them succeed. Many of his students went on to become leading mathematicians in their own right.

In addition to his mathematical work, Feit was an active participant in social justice causes. He was involved in civil rights activism in the United States during the 1960s and remained committed to improving the lives of others throughout his life. Feit was known for his kindness and generosity, and his legacy continues to inspire mathematicians and activists alike.

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Paul Wittgenstein

Paul Wittgenstein (November 5, 1887 Vienna-March 3, 1961 Manhasset) was an Austrian pianist.

Genres he performed include Classical music.

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Eduard Bloch

Eduard Bloch (January 30, 1872 Hluboká nad Vltavou-June 1, 1945 New York City) otherwise known as Dr. Eduard Bloch was an Austrian physician.

He was known for his close relationship with the family of Adolf Hitler when they lived in Linz before the rise of National Socialism. As a young boy, Hitler was a patient of Bloch's, and later in life, he became a friend of the Bloch family. Despite the Nazi's anti-Semitic policies, which led to the persecution of many Jewish people, including Bloch, Hitler regarded him as one of his closest childhood friends and ensured that he was protected from harm. Bloch eventually fled Austria for Switzerland and eventually emigrated to the United States, where he lived until his death in 1945.

Bloch was born into a Jewish family in Hluboká nad Vltavou, Austria-Hungary. He graduated from medical school in Vienna in 1897 and then moved to Linz to start his medical practice. It was in Linz that he first met the young Adolf Hitler, who suffered from persistent respiratory problems. Bloch treated Hitler and became a friend of the family.

Bloch's relationship with Hitler was complicated. On one hand, Hitler held him in high regard and ensured that he was protected from harm during the rise of the Nazis. On the other hand, Bloch was ultimately forced to flee Austria due to the anti-Semitic policies that were put in place. Hitler allegedly instructed his SS guards to protect Bloch's family during their escape from Austria.

After immigrating to the United States, Bloch settled in New York City, where he worked at a hospital for several years. He died on June 1, 1945, in New York City, at the age of 73. Despite his complicated ties to Hitler, Bloch himself was a victim of Nazi persecution and discrimination, having been forced to flee his home country due to his Jewish heritage.

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Walter Riehl

Walter Riehl (November 8, 1881 Wiener Neustadt-September 6, 1955 Vienna) was an Austrian personality.

He was a painter, sculptor, and graphic artist who made significant contributions to the art world throughout his career. He was a member of the Vienna Secession movement and one of the co-founders of the Hagenbund, a group of Austrian artists that advocated for modernism. Riehl's work often depicted landscapes and cityscapes, and he was known for his innovative use of color and brushstrokes. In addition to his work as an artist, Riehl was also a professor at the Academy of Fine Arts in Vienna, where he taught painting and drawing. His legacy continues to inspire artists around the world.

Riehl's artistic career began when he studied under the tutelage of Carl Wurzinger at the Academy of Fine Arts in Vienna. He later traveled to Munich and Paris to broaden his artistic horizon. In 1905, he became a member of the Vienna Secession, which was a group of artists who were seeking to break away from the traditional academic style that dominated the Austrian art scene. Riehl was also one of the co-founders of the Hagenbund, which was a group that shared the same ideals as the Vienna Secession.

In 1912, Riehl became a professor at the Academy of Fine Arts in Vienna, where he remained until his retirement in 1946. During his tenure at the academy, he taught many notable artists, including Friedensreich Hundertwasser, Maria Likarz-Strauss, and Fritz Wotruba.

Riehl's art style evolved over time as he experimented with different techniques and mediums. He incorporated elements of Expressionism, Symbolism, and Fauvism in his work, and he favored bold colors and sweeping brushstrokes. He also gained recognition in the field of sculpture, where he created figurative and abstract pieces.

Riehl continued to create art until his death in 1955 in Vienna. Today, his works are displayed in prominent museums and private collections worldwide, and his legacy as a pioneering artist of the early 20th century lives on.

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Christian von Ehrenfels

Christian von Ehrenfels (June 2, 1859 Vienna-September 8, 1932 Lichtenau im Waldviertel) was an Austrian philosopher.

He is best known for his development of the concept of "Gestalt psychology," which focused on how people perceive patterns and wholes in sensory information, rather than just individual elements. Von Ehrenfels was also an important figure in the establishment of the Austrian school of economics. He studied under Franz Brentano and received his doctorate in philosophy from the University of Vienna. Von Ehrenfels was a prolific writer, and his works include "On Gestalt Qualities" and "A Contribution to Gestalt Psychology."

In addition to his contributions to philosophy and psychology, von Ehrenfels was also involved in politics. He was a member of the Austrian parliament and served as a member of the Christian Social Party. He was a strong advocate for social reform and was particularly concerned with issues related to education and workers' rights. Later in life, von Ehrenfels became interested in mysticism and studied the works of spiritual leaders such as Meister Eckhart and Rumi. Despite his many accomplishments, he struggled with depression throughout his life and ultimately died by suicide in 1932. His work in the fields of psychology and philosophy continues to influence scholars today.

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Dagobert Sigmund von Wurmser

Dagobert Sigmund von Wurmser (May 7, 1724 Strasbourg-August 22, 1797 Vienna) was an Austrian personality.

He served as a field marshal in the Austrian army during the French Revolutionary Wars and played a significant role in the Siege of Mantua, one of the longest and most prolonged campaigns of these wars. Wurmser was born in Strasbourg, which was then part of the Holy Roman Empire. He joined the Austrian army at a young age and quickly rose through the ranks, eventually becoming a field marshal. In 1796, he was dispatched to the Italian front, where he played a key role in several battles against the French army. Despite being forced to retreat after the Battle of Castiglione, Wurmser soon returned to the fray, leading the successful defense of Mantua against repeated French attacks. However, he was ultimately forced to surrender the city to Napoleon Bonaparte in early 1797. Wurmser retired from the army soon after and died several months later in Vienna.

During his long military career, Wurmser established himself as a tactical mastermind, a courageous soldier, and a respected leader. He fought in multiple battles throughout Europe, including the Seven Years' War and the War of the Bavarian Succession, before being deployed to Italy during the French Revolutionary Wars. Despite his advanced age and health issues, Wurmser led his troops with great determination and skill, earning praise from both his superiors and his subordinates. His defense of Mantua, in particular, was considered a remarkable feat of military strategy and endurance. In addition to his military accomplishments, Wurmser was also known for his loyalty, honesty, and piety. He was a devout Catholic and a generous benefactor of religious institutions, including the convent where his daughter was the abbess. Wurmser's legacy has been honored in Austria and France, with streets, squares, and monuments bearing his name in several cities.

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