Austrian musicians died at 78

Here are 20 famous musicians from Austria died at 78:

Richard Neutra

Richard Neutra (April 8, 1892 Vienna-April 16, 1970 Wuppertal) a.k.a. Richard Joseph Neutra was an Austrian architect. He had three children, Raymond Neutra, Dion Neutra and Frank Neutra.

Neutra left his mark on the architectural world as a pioneering modernist. He studied under Adolf Loos at the Technical University of Vienna and worked for Frank Lloyd Wright in the United States before starting his own practice in Los Angeles. His designs were characterized by simplicity, functionality, and a harmonious integration with the surrounding environment. Some of his notable works include the Lovell Health House, the Kaufmann House (also known as the "Desert House"), and the Alpha and Omega Houses. In addition to his architectural work, Neutra was an author and educator, and he taught at the University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA). His legacy continues to influence architects and designers around the world today.

He died in myocardial infarction.

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Melanie Klein

Melanie Klein (March 30, 1882 Vienna-September 22, 1960 London) was an Austrian psychoanalyst, scientist, psychologist and psychotherapist. She had three children, Melitta Schmideberg, Hans Klein and Erich Klein.

Klein is best known for her work in the field of child analysis and for developing play therapy, a psychoanalytic technique for working through and understanding a child's emotional struggles. She stressed the importance of the unconscious mind in shaping human behavior, and her theories on object relations became a major influence on later psychoanalytic thought. Klein also made significant contributions to the study of paranoid-schizoid and depressive positions in mental functioning, and her ideas have continued to shape the evolution of psychoanalytic theory and practice. Her legacy includes numerous publications, including the influential book "The Psychoanalysis of Children", which was based on her work with young patients.

She died caused by hip fracture.

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Felix Weingartner

Felix Weingartner (June 2, 1863 Zadar-May 7, 1942 Winterthur) was an Austrian conductor.

He was born to an Austrian family in Zadar, which was then part of the Austro-Hungarian Empire (now Croatia). Weingartner had a multi-faceted career in music, as a composer, pianist, and conductor. He studied music in Graz and Leipzig and began his career as a conductor in Berlin in 1885. Weingartner went on to hold prestigious positions in major European cities, including Vienna, Munich, and Leipzig. He was particularly noted for his interpretations of Beethoven, Brahms, and Wagner. Weingartner was also an influential writer on music and authored several books on conducting and music theory. In 1912, he became a Swiss citizen and later served as the conductor of the Basel Symphony Orchestra. Despite his many accomplishments, Weingartner's legacy has been somewhat overshadowed by his contemporaries Gustav Mahler and Richard Strauss.

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Alexander Lernet-Holenia

Alexander Lernet-Holenia (October 21, 1897 Vienna-July 3, 1976 Vienna) was an Austrian writer and poet.

He was born into a wealthy family and studied law at the University of Vienna. In 1922, he published his first poetry collection titled "Die Standarte," which was well-received. Lernet-Holenia went on to publish several more collections of poetry throughout his lifetime.

During World War II, Lernet-Holenia served as a military officer and was captured as a prisoner of war by the Soviets. He was released in 1946 and returned to Vienna, where he resumed his writing career.

Lernet-Holenia's work included novels, novellas, and plays, and he was known for his historical fiction. His most famous work is probably the 1952 novella "Mars in Aries," a fictionalized account of the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria.

In addition to his writing, Lernet-Holenia was also a translator, and he translated works by authors such as Shakespeare, Molière, and Oscar Wilde into German. He was a member of the Austrian Academy of Sciences and was awarded numerous literary prizes during his career.

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Aribert Heim

Aribert Heim (June 28, 1914 Bad Radkersburg-August 10, 1992 Cairo) also known as Dr. Aribert Heim was an Austrian physician.

During World War II, Dr. Aribert Heim worked as a doctor in the Sachsenhausen and Buchenwald concentration camps. He was known for performing gruesome medical experiments on prisoners, earning him the nickname "Dr. Death."

After the war, Heim lived under different identities in various countries, including Egypt, where he died without being brought to justice for his war crimes. It was believed that he may have had help from the German government in evading capture. In 2009, a German broadcaster claimed that Heim had died in 1992 in Cairo, which was later confirmed by his son.

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Harald Reinl

Harald Reinl (July 8, 1908 Bad Ischl-October 9, 1986 Puerto de la Cruz) a.k.a. Dr. Harald Reinl was an Austrian film director, screenwriter, film editor and actor.

Harald Reinl was a prominent figure in the German film industry and enjoyed a long and successful career, spanning over several decades. He directed a vast array of movies, and his work ranged from comedy to drama, from adventure to horror. Reinl is best known for his work in the German western genre, and he has directed 11 Karl May film adaptations. Along with Edgar Wallace adaptations, his movies are often ranked as some of the most commercially successful German films ever produced. He has worked with many well-known actors including Lex Barker, Pierre Brice, and Mario Adorf. In his later years, Reinl moved to Spain and continued to work in the film industry until his untimely death.

He died in stabbing.

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Klara Milch

Klara Milch (May 24, 1891 Ottoman Empire-April 5, 1970) was an Austrian swimmer.

She is considered one of the most successful swimmers of her time, having won 6 medals in total at the 1912 and 1920 Summer Olympics. Milch set several world records during her swimming career and was known for her powerful freestyle technique. After her retirement from swimming, she worked as a doctor and also became an advocate for women's rights in sports. Milch was inducted into the International Swimming Hall of Fame in 1967.

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Paul Federn

Paul Federn (October 13, 1871 Vienna-May 4, 1950 New York City) was an Austrian psychologist.

He is known for his contributions to psychoanalysis, particularly in the areas of ego psychology and the development of the self. Federn was a close associate of Sigmund Freud and was one of the founding members of the Vienna Psychoanalytic Society.

Federn studied medicine at the University of Vienna before turning to psychiatry and psychoanalysis. He worked as a psychiatrist at various hospitals in Vienna before becoming a member of the Vienna Psychoanalytic Society in 1908. He was a talented clinician and his work with patients influenced the development of psychoanalytic thought.

Federn's work on ego psychology emphasized the importance of the ego in human growth and development. He believed that the ego was both an organizer of experience and a mediator between the internal and external worlds. His ideas were influential in shaping the later work of psychoanalysts such as Heinz Hartmann and Ernst Kris.

In addition to his work as a psychoanalyst, Federn was also an accomplished painter and musician. He immigrated to the United States in 1938, where he continued his work as a psychoanalyst and became a prominent member of the New York Psychoanalytic Society.

Today, Federn's ideas continue to be studied and debated by psychoanalysts and scholars around the world. His work is seen as an important contribution to the ongoing development of psychoanalytic thought.

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Camillo Castiglioni

Camillo Castiglioni (October 22, 1879 Trieste-December 18, 1957 Rome) was an Austrian business magnate and financier.

He was the founder and president of the Banca d'Italia, and also served as the president of the Federation of Italian Industries. Castiglioni played a major role in the Italian banking industry during the early 20th century, helping to promote economic growth and stability in the country. He was also a member of the Italian senate, and served as a minister in the Italian government. Castiglioni was known for his philanthropy, and donated generously to cultural, educational, and scientific organizations. He was recognized for his contributions with numerous awards and honors, and is remembered as an important figure in the history of Italian finance and industry.

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Ernst Mach

Ernst Mach (February 18, 1838 Brno-February 19, 1916 Munich) was an Austrian physicist, scientist and philosopher.

He is best known for his contributions to the field of optics, including the Mach number (a measure of the ratio of an object's speed to the speed of sound) and the Mach-Zehnder interferometer (an apparatus used to measure small changes in optical path length).

Mach was also a prominent figure in the philosophy of science, advocating for a positivist approach that emphasized empirical observations and rejected metaphysical speculation. He believed that all scientific knowledge should be based on observable phenomena, and that theories should only be accepted if they are consistent with empirical evidence.

In addition to his scientific and philosophical work, Mach was also a prolific writer in the fields of history, psychology, and epistemology. His most famous works include "The Analysis of Sensations" and "The Science of Mechanics in the Nineteenth Century".

Today, Mach's contributions continue to influence fields ranging from physics to psychology, and he is widely regarded as one of the most influential thinkers of the 19th and early 20th centuries.

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Josef von Löschner

Josef von Löschner (May 7, 1809-April 19, 1888) a.k.a. Dr. Josef von Löschner was an Austrian physician.

He is known for his work in the field of medicine in the mid-19th century. Löschner studied medicine at the University of Vienna and later went on to serve as a professor of medicine at the same institution. He was a prolific scientist, publishing a number of important works on topics such as anatomy and pathology, as well as several groundbreaking studies on the role of bacteria in the transmission of infectious diseases. In addition to his work as a physician and researcher, Löschner was also a noted public figure, serving as an adviser to the Austrian government and as a member of various medical organizations. He was a highly respected figure in his field, and his contributions to the advancement of medical knowledge continue to be recognized today. Löschner died in Vienna in 1888, at the age of 78.

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Simon Sechter

Simon Sechter (October 11, 1788-September 10, 1867 Vienna) was an Austrian conductor.

Aside from being a conductor, Simon Sechter was also a music theorist, organist, and composer. He was widely recognized for his significant contribution to the field of music theory, particularly in the area of harmony. Many of his works were used as textbooks in music schools across Europe. Sechter was also a highly-regarded teacher whose students included famous musicians such as Anton Bruckner and Franz Lachner. His compositions included choral works, string quartets, and organ and piano pieces which earned him recognition during his time. Throughout his career, he was a sought-after conductor, whose leadership produced successful performances of Beethoven, Mozart, and Haydn works.

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Fritz Kortner

Fritz Kortner (May 12, 1892 Vienna-July 22, 1970 Munich) also known as Fritz Nathan Kohn was an Austrian actor, theatre director, film director and screenwriter.

Kortner was known for his innovative and expressionist approach to theatre directing, and his work with the Berliner Ensemble helped establish him as one of the greatest minds in 20th-century theatre. He fled Nazi Germany in the 1930s and eventually settled in Hollywood, where he directed several films including the noir classic "The Razor's Edge". Despite his success in Hollywood, Kortner never lost his love for theatre and continued to direct plays up until his death. Kortner is remembered as a brilliant artist who pushed the boundaries of theatre and film and influenced generations of actors and directors.

He died in leukemia.

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Rolf Olsen

Rolf Olsen (December 26, 1919 Vienna-April 3, 1998 Starnberg) also known as Rudolf Knoblich, Emerson Fox, Dudley Joker or Rolf Ohlsen was an Austrian actor, film director and screenwriter.

He began his acting career in the German film industry in the late 1930s and rose to fame in the 1950s, with notable roles in films such as "The Haunted Castle" (1960) and "The Black Abbot" (1963).

During his career, Olsen appeared in over 150 films, spanning multiple genres from comedies to dramas. He also directed and wrote screenplays for several films.

In addition to his film work, Olsen was also a prolific television actor, appearing in a number of popular German television series such as "Der Kommissar" and "Tatort".

Olsen received numerous awards for his contributions to the German and Austrian film industry, including the Filmband in Gold for his lifetime achievement in 1988.

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Franz Brunner

Franz Brunner (March 21, 1913-December 22, 1991) was an Austrian personality.

He was known for his contributions to the fields of art and architecture. Brunner started his career as an architect and later became an artist, creating works that explored the relationship between space, form, and color. He was one of the pioneers of "kinetic art," an art movement that incorporated motion into works of art. Brunner's works are characterized by their playful and whimsical nature, often featuring geometric shapes and bright, bold colors.

Brunner was also a respected teacher, having taught at several prestigious institutions throughout his career, including the University of Applied Arts Vienna and the Academy of Fine Arts in Munich. He was a mentor to many young artists and designers, and his influence can be seen in the work of numerous contemporary artists.

In addition to his artistic achievements, Brunner was also a passionate advocate for peace and social justice. He was an active member of several organizations that promoted these causes, and his artwork often reflected his political beliefs. Brunner passed away in 1991, leaving behind a legacy as a gifted artist, teacher, and social activist.

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Ludwig Schuberth

Ludwig Schuberth (July 24, 1911-September 30, 1989) was an Austrian personality.

He was a renowned journalist and television presenter, best known for his interviews with notable figures such as Mahatma Gandhi and John F. Kennedy. Schuberth began his career as a radio broadcaster and went on to become a prominent journalist in Austria throughout the 1940s and 1950s. He also worked as a war correspondent during World War II, covering events in Europe and Africa.

In the 1960s, Schuberth became the host of "Club 2," a popular Austrian television talk show. He continued to interview prominent individuals, including Willy Brandt and Henry Kissinger, and also covered major events such as the 1972 Winter Olympics. Schuberth was highly respected for his interviewing skills and was known for his ability to put his subjects at ease, allowing for candid and insightful conversations.

Schuberth received numerous honors during his lifetime, including the Austrian Cross of Honour for Science and Art and the Golden Medal of Honour for Services to the Republic of Austria. He passed away in 1989 at the age of 78, leaving a legacy as one of Austria's most influential journalists and broadcasters.

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Alfred Frauenfeld

Alfred Frauenfeld (May 18, 1898 Vienna-May 10, 1977 Hamburg) also known as Alfred Eduard Frauenfeld was an Austrian personality.

He was a linguist, professor, and an actor. Frauenfeld is recognized for his work on language acquisition and development, specifically his development of a method to analyze and describe the structure of languages known as "Frauenfeld's Isolation Method." He initially lectured at the University of Vienna, then moved to Hamburg where he became a professor of German and Comparative Linguistics at the University of Hamburg. Frauenfeld also had a passion for acting and was known for his appearances in several German films. Aside from his work in linguistics, he was a leading member of the German Zionist movement, and served as the chairman of the Jewish National Fund in Germany. He passed away in Hamburg at the age of 78.

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Eduard Hanslick

Eduard Hanslick (September 11, 1825 Prague-August 6, 1904 Baden District, Austria) was an Austrian music critic and critic.

Hanslick is known for his advocacy for absolute music and his opposition to program music during his time. He wrote several acclaimed books, including "Vom Musikalisch-Schönen" (The Beautiful in Music) and "Geschichte des Concertwesens in Wien" (History of Concert Life in Vienna). Hanslick was also a professor of music history and aesthetics at the University of Vienna for over three decades. He was a consistent advocate for the works of Brahms and helped to popularize his music. Despite his staunch opposition to program music, Hanslick was a respected writer and his criticisms and opinions were valued in the music industry.

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Edwin Zbonek

Edwin Zbonek (March 28, 1928 Linz-May 29, 2006 Sankt Pölten) was an Austrian film director.

He grew up in a family that encouraged him to pursue his creative interests, and from a young age, he showed a love for film. Zbonek studied at the University of Vienna and later began his career working in theater. He eventually moved into the film industry, where he made a name for himself as a highly skilled director with a unique visual style.

Over the course of his career, Zbonek directed a number of critically acclaimed films, including "The Stranger" (1965), "The Red Thread" (1971), and "The Circle" (1989). He was known for his ability to create complex, nuanced characters and his willingness to explore difficult themes in his work.

Zbonek continued to work as a director well into his 70s, and his contributions to the Austrian film industry were widely recognized. He received numerous awards and honors throughout his career, including the prestigious Goldenes Ehrenzeichen für Verdienste um das Land Wien (Gold Medal of Honor for Services to the City of Vienna) in 1999.

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Elise Richter

Elise Richter (March 2, 1865 Vienna-June 23, 1943) was an Austrian philologist.

She is widely known for blazing trails in education for women. Richter was the first woman to enroll as a regular student at the University of Vienna and the first woman in Austria to receive a doctorate. She went on to become the first woman docent at the university, and then a professor. Her work focused on classical philology, comparative linguistics, and the history of classical scholarship. Besides her academic work, Richter was also active in the feminist movement, fighting for more educational opportunities for women. She was imprisoned by the Nazi regime in her later years and died in Theresienstadt concentration camp. Her legacy still lives on today, as she was a pioneer for female academics and broke down countless barriers for future generations of women to come.

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