Here are 18 famous musicians from Austria died at 79:
Peter Safar (April 12, 1924 Vienna-August 2, 2003 Mt. Lebanon) also known as Dr. Peter Safar was an Austrian physician.
He was a pioneer in the field of emergency medicine and resuscitation, credited with developing the technique of cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) in the 1950s. In addition to his work in medicine, Safar was also known for his advocacy for the use of helmets in preventing head injuries, and for his efforts to improve the safety of cars. He served as a professor of anesthesia and critical care medicine at the University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine for over 30 years. Among his numerous honors, he was awarded the National Medal of Science by President George H.W. Bush in 1985.
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Oskar Adler (June 4, 1875 Vienna-May 15, 1955 London) also known as Dr. Oskar Adler was an Austrian physician.
He was a prominent figure in the field of psychoanalysis and was closely associated with Sigmund Freud. Adler studied medicine at the University of Vienna and soon became interested in the emerging field of psychoanalysis. He was a member of the Austrian Psychoanalytic Society and was a close associate of Freud. In addition to his clinical work, Adler was also an active writer and lecturer, publishing several papers on the theory and practice of psychoanalysis. He emigrated to England after the annexation of Austria by Nazi Germany in 1938 and continued his work there until his death in 1955. Throughout his career, Adler made significant contributions to the development of psychoanalytic theory, particularly in the areas of dream interpretation and the analysis of psychosomatic symptoms.
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Rosa Mayreder (November 30, 1858 Vienna-January 19, 1938) was an Austrian writer, painter, librettist and musician.
She was a prominent figure in the Vienna Secession movement, which sought to break free from the rigid traditionalism of the Austrian Imperial Academy of Arts. Mayreder often explored feminist themes in her works, advocating for women's rights and equality. She was also an accomplished musician, playing the piano and composing songs. Mayreder was a close friend of influential Austrian artist Gustav Klimt, and her correspondence with him has been preserved in the archives of the University of California, Los Angeles. She is remembered as a pioneering feminist voice in early 20th century Austria.
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Richard Beer-Hofmann (July 11, 1866 Vienna-September 26, 1945 New York City) was an Austrian writer and playwright.
He was born in a Jewish family in Vienna and studied law but soon turned to literature. His most famous works include the play "The Death of Titian" and the novel "Jaakobs Traum." Beer-Hofmann was part of the Viennese intellectual circle that included Arthur Schnitzler, Stefan Zweig, and Arnold Schoenberg. He also advocated for German Jewish assimilation and opposed Zionism. Beer-Hofmann fled Austria in 1938 after the Anschluss and settled in the United States, where he spent the rest of his life.
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Maria Schell (January 15, 1926 Vienna-April 26, 2005 Preitenegg) also known as Maria Margarethe Anna Schell, Margarete Schell, Gritli Schell, Seelchen or Little soul was an Austrian actor. She had two children, Oliver Schell and Marie-Theres Relin.
Maria Schell began her acting career on stage and later transitioned to film in the 1940s. She quickly gained international recognition with her performances in films such as "The Last Bridge" and "Gervaise". She went on to receive critical acclaim for her roles in "The Brothers Karamazov" and "The Hanging Tree".
Throughout her career, Schell worked with some of the most prestigious directors of her time, including Alfred Hitchcock, Henry King, and Luchino Visconti. She earned numerous awards for her work, including the Best Actress Award at the Cannes Film Festival for her role in "Gervaise".
In addition to her successful acting career, Schell was also known for her humanitarian work. She was a committed advocate for animal rights and worked with organizations such as the World Wildlife Fund to promote conservation efforts.
After retiring from acting in the 1990s, Schell lived a quiet life in her home in Preitenegg, Austria. She will always be remembered as one of the most talented and influential actors of her time.
She died as a result of pneumonia.
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Bruno Kreisky (January 22, 1911 Vienna-July 29, 1990 Vienna) was an Austrian politician.
He served as the Chancellor of Austria from 1970 to 1983, making him the longest-serving Chancellor in the history of Austria. He was a progressive and modernizing political figure, promoting social justice, minority rights, and neutrality in foreign policy. Kreisky's government implemented many social and economic reforms, including the introduction of a maximum eight-hour workday, free education up to university level, and the decriminalization of homosexuality. He also played a key role in developing relations between Austria and the Soviet Bloc during the Cold War, advocating for dialogue and cooperation. Widely respected both at home and abroad, Kreisky remains one of Austria's most influential political leaders.
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Emmerich Rath (November 5, 1883 Prague-November 21, 1962 Broumov) was an Austrian personality.
He was a renowned architect and urban planner who made significant contributions to the modernist architecture movement in Europe. As a student, Rath studied at the Technical University in Vienna, where he was mentored by the famous architect Josef Hoffmann. Rath's designs were heavily influenced by the Vienna Secession movement and often included elements of Art Nouveau and Art Deco styles.
During his career, Rath designed a variety of buildings, including office buildings, apartment complexes, and public spaces. One of his most significant projects was the redesign of the Karlsplatz Stadtbahn Station in Vienna, which blended functionalist and Art Nouveau styles to create a stunning example of modernist architecture.
In addition to his work as an architect, Rath was also a prominent urban planner, serving on the board of the Austrian Association of Urban Planners and Architects. He was deeply committed to creating livable, functional cities and advocated for the development of green spaces and public transportation systems.
Throughout his life, Rath remained dedicated to the ideals of modernism and continued to push the boundaries of architectural design until his death in 1962. Today, his buildings are celebrated for their innovative design and continue to inspire architects and designers around the world.
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Karl Hartl (May 10, 1899 Vienna-August 29, 1978 Vienna) a.k.a. Karl Anton Hartl or Charles Hartl was an Austrian film director, film producer, screenwriter, editor, actor and film editor.
He began his career as an editor in the 1920s and soon moved on to directing and producing films. In the 1930s, he directed a number of successful films in Germany and Austria, including the popular comedy "Die Fledermaus" (The Bat) in 1937.
During World War II, Hartl was drafted into the German army and sent to the Eastern Front. After the war, he returned to Austria and resumed his career as a filmmaker. He directed several successful films in the 1950s and 1960s, including "Bockerer" (The Cobbler) in 1955 and "Die Gigerln von Wien" (The Girls from Vienna) in 1965.
Hartl was a versatile filmmaker who worked in a variety of genres, including comedy, drama, and musicals. He was known for his stylish and innovative approach to filmmaking, and his films were often praised for their technical excellence.
In addition to his work as a filmmaker, Hartl was also an accomplished actor. He appeared in several films throughout his career, including "Einmal eine grosse Dame sein" (To Be a Great Lady Once) in 1940.
Overall, Karl Hartl was a prominent figure in Austrian and German cinema, and his contributions to the industry continue to be celebrated today.
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Eduard Schönecker (January 21, 1885 Austria-April 6, 1964) a.k.a. Eduard Schonecker was an Austrian architect.
Schönecker was born in Vienna, Austria in 1885. He studied architecture at the Vienna University of Technology and later at the Academy of Fine Arts in Vienna. He started his career in the early 1900s working in various architectural firms in Austria, where he gained experience in designing industrial buildings, private houses, and public buildings.
In 1927, Schönecker founded his own architectural firm in Vienna, where he focused on designing functionalist buildings. He became known for his innovative designs that combined functionality with aesthetics, with some of his notable works including the Wienerberger Brick Factory and the Lainz Hospital in Vienna.
After the annexation of Austria by Nazi Germany in 1938, Schönecker left Austria and emigrated to Bolivia, where he continued his architectural practice. He played a key role in shaping the country's architecture in the mid-20th century, designing important public buildings including the Central Bank of Bolivia, the National Museum of Archaeology, and the Ministry of Health building.
Schönecker's legacy in the field of architecture extends beyond his built works. He was a vocal advocate for modern architecture, and his writings on the subject helped shape the discourse around architecture in Austria and beyond. He passed away in 1964 in La Paz, Bolivia.
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Karl Koller (February 8, 1929 Matzendorf-Hölles-January 24, 2009 Austria) was an Austrian personality.
Karl Koller was a former professional football player who represented Austria in international matches. He played as a striker for various clubs, including Austria Wien and Wiener Sportclub. After retiring from football, Koller became a successful entrepreneur, founding his own company and eventually branching out into various industries such as real estate and finance. He was also actively involved in charitable work, supporting organizations that helped underprivileged children and families. Despite battling Alzheimer's disease in his later years, Koller remained a beloved figure in Austria, known for his kindness, generosity, and dedication to his community.
He died caused by alzheimer's disease.
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Felix von Winiwarter (February 28, 1852 Vienna-July 10, 1931 Hollabrunn) also known as Dr. Felix von Winiwarter was an Austrian physician.
He specialized in gynecology and was known for his groundbreaking research in the area of ovarian cancer. Felix von Winiwarter also authored several medical publications throughout his career, including a significant work on the subject of caesarean section. He received numerous awards and honors for his contributions to the field of medicine and was highly respected by his colleagues. In addition to his medical pursuits, Felix von Winiwarter was also a philanthropist and generously donated to various charitable causes throughout his lifetime. He passed away in 1931 at the age of 79, leaving behind a legacy of dedication and innovation in the medical field.
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Helmut Krackowizer (April 29, 1922 Frankenmarkt-October 22, 2001 Salzburg) was an Austrian journalist.
He started his career as a radio journalist in Salzburg in 1945 and later worked for the Austrian Press Agency. He became the head of the Radio News Department in 1957 and the head of the News and Current Affairs Department of Austrian Television in 1962. He was known for his notable contributions to television news broadcasting in Austria, and was regarded as a trusted and respected journalist. In the later years of his career, he became the director of the Austrian Broadcasting Corporation's studios in Salzburg. Krackowizer received several awards for his journalistic contributions, including the Grand Decoration of Honour for Services to the Republic of Austria.
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Anton Eiselsberg (July 31, 1860 Steinhaus, Austria-October 25, 1939 St. Valentin) was an Austrian personality.
Anton Eiselsberg was a renowned physician and surgeon, known for his expertise in neurosurgery. He was one of the pioneers in the field of neurosurgery and made significant contributions to the understanding and treatment of brain and nervous system disorders. He established the first modern neurosurgical department in Austria and was instrumental in training other neurosurgeons.
Eiselsberg was also a professor at the University of Vienna and the author of several medical textbooks. He was a respected member of the medical community, both in Austria and internationally, and received numerous awards and honors during his lifetime. Despite his many achievements, Eiselsberg remained a humble and dedicated physician who always put his patients’ welfare first.
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Leo Alexander (October 11, 1905 Vienna-July 20, 1985) was an Austrian psychiatrist.
He is most famous for his work as a medical advisor during the Nuremberg Trials after World War II, where he testified about the medical experiments conducted by Nazi doctors on concentration camp prisoners. Alexander's testimony played a crucial role in defining the ethical principles of medical research and experimentation. He was also instrumental in drafting the Nuremberg Code, a set of international ethics standards for human experimentation that laid the groundwork for modern bioethics. Throughout his career, Alexander wrote extensively on the ethical issues facing doctors and medical researchers, and was widely regarded as an authority in the field.
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Theodor Hertzka (July 13, 1845 Budapest-October 22, 1924 Wiesbaden) was an Austrian journalist and economist.
He is best known for his influential book "Freiland", published in 1890, which proposed a utopian society based on the principles of Georgism. This involved the abolition of private land ownership and the establishment of a society where all land is collectively owned and the benefits of its use are shared equally among all members. The book was translated into many languages and became an important inspiration for the Georgist and land reform movements around the world. Hertzka also founded the "Society for Free Social Science" in 1881, which aimed to promote his ideas on social justice and economic reform. In addition to his economic and political work, Hertzka was also a notable travel writer, publishing accounts of his journeys to Egypt, Algeria, and Tunisia.
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Karl Michael Ziehrer (May 2, 1843 Vienna-November 14, 1922 Vienna) otherwise known as Ziehrer, Carl Michael was an Austrian composer.
His discography includes: Selected Dances and Marches, Volume 2.
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Edmund Husserl (April 8, 1859 Prostějov-April 27, 1938 Freiburg im Breisgau) was an Austrian philosopher.
Husserl is considered the founder of phenomenology, a philosophical method that seeks to describe an object or phenomenon as it is perceived by the senses. He developed this approach through his studies under Franz Brentano at the University of Vienna, where he later became a professor of philosophy. Husserl's most famous work is his book "Logical Investigations," which was published in two volumes in 1900 and 1901. In this work, he explored the structure of logical reasoning and its relation to human experience. He continued to develop and refine his phenomenological approach in subsequent works, including "Ideas" (1913) and "Cartesian Meditations" (1931). Husserl's ideas influenced many other philosophers in the 20th century, including Martin Heidegger and Jean-Paul Sartre. His work continues to be studied and debated by philosophers today.
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Emanuel List (March 22, 1888 Vienna-June 21, 1967 Vienna) was an Austrian singer.
Emanuel List was a bass opera singer who was renowned for his exceptional vocal range and deep, rich voice. He performed at several notable opera houses worldwide including the Metropolitan Opera in New York and the Royal Opera House in London. List was celebrated for his powerful performances in Wagnerian roles such as Wotan in "Das Rheingold" and King Marke in "Tristan und Isolde". Additionally, he also gained popularity for his sense of humor, often incorporating comedic elements into his performances. List had a long and successful career in opera and is widely regarded as one of the greatest bass singers of the 20th century.
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