Austrian musicians died before 35

Here are 24 famous musicians from Austria died before 35:

Hermann Buhl

Hermann Buhl (September 21, 1924 Innsbruck-June 27, 1957 Chogolisa) was an Austrian mountaineer.

Hermann Buhl is considered one of the greatest alpinists in history. He made the first ascent of Nanga Parbat, the ninth highest mountain in the world, in 1953. The climb was done without supplemental oxygen and was considered one of the greatest achievements in the history of mountaineering. Buhl also climbed other difficult peaks in the Himalayas such as Broad Peak and Chogolisa. He was known for his daring and innovative climbing techniques and his ability to remain calm in dangerous situations. Despite his early death at the age of 33, Buhl left a lasting legacy in the world of mountaineering and inspired many climbers to pursue their dreams in the mountains.

Buhl was born in Innsbruck, Austria, in 1924. He grew up in a family of avid hikers and skiers and began climbing at a young age. His talent for climbing quickly became apparent, and he began to push the limits of what was considered possible in alpine climbing.

Buhl's most famous climb was his first ascent of Nanga Parbat, which he accomplished in 1953. The climb was considered one of the most difficult and dangerous in the history of mountaineering, and Buhl's success made him an instant celebrity in the climbing world.

After his successful ascent of Nanga Parbat, Buhl continued to push the boundaries of climbing in the Himalayas. In 1957, he attempted to climb Chogolisa, a peak in Pakistan, but tragically died during the climb. His body was never recovered.

Despite his short career as a climber, Buhl's legacy continues to inspire climbers around the world. His daring and innovative approach to climbing set new standards for the sport and paved the way for future generations of climbers to explore even more challenging peaks.

In addition to his mountaineering accomplishments, Buhl was also a skilled ski racer and competed in several races throughout Austria during his early years. He also served in the German army during World War II but was captured by American soldiers and spent time as a prisoner of war.

Buhl was known for his humble and modest approach to climbing and often refused to engage in the competitive aspects of the sport. He believed that climbing was a personal journey and did not need to be validated by external recognition or accolades.

After Buhl's death, his achievements were recognized with several posthumous awards, including the Golden Medal of the city of Innsbruck and the Mountaineers' Medal of the Alpine Club. His legacy continues to be celebrated in the mountaineering community, and climbers around the world continue to be inspired by his adventurous spirit and fearless determination.

He died in mountaineering.

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Kurt Landau

Kurt Landau (January 29, 1903-September 1, 1937) was an Austrian writer.

He was born in Vienna, Austria and studied law and philosophy at the University of Vienna. However, he soon developed an interest in writing and began publishing his work in various newspapers and literary journals. Landau's most famous work is the novel "The Evil Eye," which was published in 1929 and explores the nature of guilt and personal responsibility. He also published several collections of short stories and essays during his brief career.

Landau was politically active and involved in anti-fascist and anti-Nazi activities. He was arrested several times for his political views and was eventually forced to flee Austria in 1933 due to the rise of the Nazi party. He settled in Paris, where he continued to write and work with other Austrian exiles.

Tragically, Landau's promising career was cut short when he died of tuberculosis in 1937 at the young age of 34. Despite his short career, he is remembered as an important figure in Austrian literature and as a courageous anti-fascist activist who risked his life to resist Nazi oppression.

Landau was one of the founders of the Austrian Communist Party and was actively involved in socialist politics. He also traveled extensively, visiting Russia and the United States, where he gave lectures on Austrian literature and culture. Landau's writing was known for its psychological depth and sensitive portrayal of complex human emotions. He wrote about themes such as love, death, and personal identity, always with a deeply humanistic perspective. Even today, his works continue to be read and appreciated by readers around the world. In 1993, the Austrian government posthumously awarded him the Decoration of Merit in Gold for services to the country's literature and culture.

Despite his untimely death, Kurt Landau's work continues to be studied and recognized as significant in Austrian literature. His book "The Evil Eye" remains a classic and is widely read in both German and English translations. One of his stories, "The Stowaway," is particularly well-known for its nuanced portrayal of a Jewish refugee trying to escape Nazi persecution in Austria. Landau's political activism also left a lasting impact on Austrian history. He was part of a generation of progressive intellectuals who fought against fascism and totalitarianism, and his commitment to anti-fascist resistance serves as an inspiration for activists today. Landau's literary and political legacy continue to be celebrated in Austria, and his life and work remain a testament to the power of art and ideas in the face of great adversity.

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Harald Ertl

Harald Ertl (August 31, 1948 Zell am See-April 7, 1982 Giessen) was an Austrian race car driver.

In addition to his career as a race car driver, Harald Ertl was also a motorsport journalist and commentator. He began his racing career in the late 1960s, driving in both Formula Vee and Formula 3 before moving up to Formula 1 with Hesketh Racing in 1975. While he only competed in a few Formula 1 races, Ertl's career continued in other racing series including Formula 2, the World Sportscar Championship, and the German Touring Car Championship. In the 1980s, he transitioned into television commentary and became a well-known face in the world of motorsports broadcasting. Tragically, Ertl was killed in a plane crash in 1982 while working on a television production.

Ertl was known as an adaptable driver, having experience in a variety of motor racing disciplines. He raced in the prestigious 24 Hours of Le Mans six times, earning a best finish of third place in 1975 driving for the Gulf Racing team. Ertl was also a successful touring car racer, winning the Division 2 title in the German Tourenwagen Championship in 1977. Along with his racing career, Ertl was passionate about journalism and had his own column in a motorsport magazine. He later became a commentator for Austrian television and covered races such as the Austrian Grand Prix and the Austrian Alpine Rally. Despite his early death, Ertl left a mark on the world of racing and broadcasting, remembered as a versatile and knowledgeable figure in motorsports.

Ertl's interest in racing began at a young age, as his father was also a race car driver. Ertl worked as a mechanic before starting his own racing career, which he financed through a combination of prize money and manual labor. In addition to his successes on the track, Ertl is also remembered for providing a unique perspective as a journalist and commentator due to his own experiences as a driver. He was known for his technical knowledge and insightful commentary, which made him a popular figure among fans of racing. Ertl's legacy is honored through the Harald Ertl Memorial, an annual race held at the Salzburgring in Austria.

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Jo Gartner

Jo Gartner (January 24, 1954 Vienna-June 1, 1986 Le Mans) was an Austrian race car driver.

Throughout his career, Jo Gartner participated in various motorsports events. He made his Formula One debut in 1984 with the Osella team and also raced in the World Sportscar Championship, European Touring Car Championship, and German Racing Championship. Gartner's best performance came at the 1985 Austrian Grand Prix, where he secured his only championship point by finishing in sixth place.

Aside from racing, Gartner was also an accomplished pilot and owned his own fleet of airplanes. Unfortunately, Gartner's racing career was cut short in 1986 when he was involved in a fatal crash during the 24 Hours of Le Mans. Despite attempts by medical personnel to save him, Gartner passed away from his injuries.

Gartner began his racing career in the late 1970s, competing in the Austrian Racing Championship before moving on to international events. He quickly gained a reputation as a skilled and fearless driver, but also as a man who lived life to the fullest. He was known for his love of adventure, flying planes as a hobby and even participating in aerobatic displays.

Though his time in Formula One was relatively short, Gartner made an impression on the sport with his gritty performances and upbeat personality. He is remembered as a driver who always pushed himself to the limit, even when driving under less-than-ideal circumstances.

After Gartner's death, the racing community was in shock, but many drivers spoke out about his impact on the sport. Fellow Austrian driver Gerhard Berger called him a "true friend and a legend" in the racing world, while former Ferrari team principal Marco Piccinini described him as "always smiling, always happy, always positive".

Gartner's legacy has continued in the years since his passing. In 2008, a memorial was erected in his honor at the Le Mans circuit. The Jo Gartner Memorial Race has also been held in Austria since 1990, with drivers from around the world participating in his memory.

In addition to his racing and aviation pursuits, Jo Gartner was also a successful businessman. He owned and managed several companies, including a car dealership and a construction firm. Gartner was known for his entrepreneurial spirit and his ability to balance his various interests.

Gartner's love of aviation began at a young age, and he earned his pilot's license at the age of 18. He went on to become a certified flight instructor and flew a variety of planes throughout his life. Gartner often used his airplanes to travel to racing events, allowing him to combine his two passions.

Despite his success in business and aviation, Gartner remained dedicated to racing throughout his life. He continued to compete in a variety of events, always striving to improve his performance and push the limits of what was possible on the track.

Today, Jo Gartner is remembered as one of Austria's most talented and charismatic race car drivers. His legacy continues to inspire new generations of racers and his passion for adventure and excellence serves as a reminder of the power of perseverance and dedication.

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Roland Ratzenberger

Roland Ratzenberger (July 4, 1960 Salzburg-April 30, 1994 Imola) was an Austrian race car driver.

Roland Ratzenberger was born in Salzburg, Austria and began his racing career in the early 1980s. Before joining the Formula One circuit, he competed in other motorsports events such as the British Formula Three Championship and the World Sports Prototype Championship.

In 1994, Ratzenberger signed with the Simtek Formula One team and made his debut at the Brazilian Grand Prix. Sadly, just a few weeks later, on April 30, 1994, Ratzenberger was killed in a crash during qualifying for the San Marino Grand Prix at the Imola circuit in Italy.

Despite his short time in Formula One, Ratzenberger is remembered as a talented driver who continues to inspire a generation of racers.

In addition to his racing career, Roland Ratzenberger was also an accomplished pilot and entrepreneur. He owned and operated a successful flying school before focusing solely on his racing career. He was also known for his charitable work, particularly for supporting orphanages in Brazil. Ratzenberger was a beloved member of the racing community and his death at the young age of 33 had a profound impact on the sport. His legacy continues to live on through the Roland Ratzenberger Trophy, which is awarded to the best newcomer in the Porsche Carrera Cup.

After his tragic death, many improvements were made in the safety standards of Formula One cars. Ratzenberger's accident was followed by the death of racing legend Ayrton Senna the following day, which further highlighted the importance of driver safety in motorsports. In 2000, a memorial statue was erected at the Imola circuit in honor of Ratzenberger and in 2014, a film was released about his life and career titled "Weekend of a Champion: Roland Ratzenberger." Ratzenberger's legacy continues to inspire and impact the racing community, and he is remembered as a talented driver who left a lasting impression on the sport.

He died in racing accident.

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Walter Werginz

Walter Werginz (February 18, 1913-March 21, 1944) was an Austrian personality.

Walter Werginz was an Austrian alpine skier, who was renowned for his remarkable skiing skills. He had a flair for skiing from a young age and began competing in professional skiing events at the age of 15. Werginz's skiing techniques were unique, and he often astonished audiences with his energetic skiing performances. Despite his success as a skier, Werginz's life was cut short when he was conscripted into the German Army during World War II. He was killed in action at the age of 31 in 1944. Despite his short-lived career, Walter Werginz's legacy as an Austrian hero still lives on, inspiring young skiers worldwide.

During his skiing career, Walter Werginz achieved many significant accolades. He was a three-time national champion in downhill skiing, and he also won the silver medal in the famous Lauberhorn race in Switzerland in 1936. Werginz continued his skiing career even after being drafted into the German army, and he became a member of the Wehrmacht ski troops. He was sent to the Eastern Front, where he served as a sergeant. Unfortunately, Werginz was killed in an attack during the battles around Monte Cassino in Italy. After his death, he was posthumously awarded the Bronze Medal of Valor for his bravery in combat. Walter Werginz's life serves as an inspiration for many young athletes, who look up to him for his hard work, dedication, and skill in the sport of skiing.

In addition to his skiing achievements, Walter Werginz was also known for his love of nature and the mountains. He often volunteered as a mountain guide, helping to guide hikers and climbers through the Austrian Alps. Werginz was also an avid photographer, and many of his photographs of the alpine landscape are still admired today. His passion for the mountains and the outdoors is reflected in his skiing style, which was characterized by a fearless approach to steep and treacherous slopes. Werginz's legacy continues to inspire young skiers and nature enthusiasts around the world. Today, there is a skiing run in Austria named after him, and his memory is celebrated every year at the Walter Werginz Memorial Ski Race.

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Karl Wahlmüller

Karl Wahlmüller (October 22, 1913 Linz-February 16, 1944 Toila Parish) was an Austrian personality.

Karl Wahlmüller was a member of the Austrian Resistance during World War II. He was arrested by the Gestapo in 1943 and sent to a concentration camp. However, he managed to escape and joined the Estonian Resistance where he continued to fight against the Nazis. Unfortunately, he was captured again and executed by the Germans in 1944. Today, he is remembered as a hero and symbol of resistance against tyranny.

Karl Wahlmüller was born on October 22, 1913, in Linz, Austria. He was a dedicated member of the Austrian Resistance, a group of people who were actively fighting against the Nazi occupation during World War II. After being arrested by the Gestapo in 1943, Wahlmüller was sent to a concentration camp, where he endured terrible conditions and faced constant danger.

Despite the harsh conditions of the camp, Wahlmüller was determined to escape and continue his fight against the Nazis. He managed to escape and fled to Estonia, where he joined the Estonian Resistance. He continued his brave battle against the German forces, using his extensive knowledge of tactics and intelligence gathering to aid the resistance movement.

Sadly, Wahlmüller was captured again by the Germans in 1944. This time, he was executed for his part in the resistance. His unwavering dedication to the cause of freedom and his fearless determination to continue fighting against tyranny even in the face of extreme danger have made him a lasting symbol of resistance and heroism.

Today, Wahlmüller's legacy lives on as a reminder of the importance of standing up against oppression and fighting for what is right. His story serves as an inspiration to people all over the world who are fighting against injustice and oppression.

Wahlmüller's actions have been recognized with posthumous honors and awards, including being awarded the Order of the Cross of Liberty by the Estonian government. His life and sacrifice have been the subject of books and documentaries focused on resistance against Nazi tyranny during World War II. Additionally, several monuments and plaques have been erected in honor of Wahlmüller, including a memorial in Toila Parish, where he was executed. His bravery and sacrifice continue to inspire generations to never give up in the fight against oppression and injustice.

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Martin Kargl

Martin Kargl (December 30, 1912-May 20, 1946) was an Austrian personality.

Born in Vienna, Austria, Kargl was a painter and graphic artist, known for his avant-garde style that was popular in Europe during the 1930s. He studied at the Academy of Fine Arts in Vienna and later worked as a book illustrator, creating covers and illustrations for publishers in Austria and Germany. During the Second World War, he served in the Austrian army and was captured by the Soviet Union, spending several years in a prisoner-of-war camp. Following his release, Kargl returned to Vienna, where he died at the young age of 33. His work is celebrated for its unique style and has been exhibited in galleries around the world.

Kargl was also known for his involvement in the underground resistance movement against the Nazi regime during the war. He used his creative talents to design and distribute anti-Nazi propaganda, risking his life to do so. Kargl's dedication to the resistance and his art have made him a symbol of courage and creativity during a time of oppression. After his death, his work continued to influence other artists and has remained popular among collectors. In recent years, there has been renewed interest in Kargl's life and work, with several exhibitions and publications dedicated to him. Despite his short life, Martin Kargl left an enduring legacy as an artist and a symbol of resistance.

In addition to his work as a painter and graphic artist, Martin Kargl was also a talented writer. He contributed articles and essays to various newspapers and magazines in Vienna, covering a wide range of topics such as art, politics, and culture. Kargl was fascinated by the intellectual and cultural scene in Vienna during the early 20th century and was an active participant in the city's vibrant artistic community.

Kargl's art was heavily influenced by the avant-garde movements of the time, particularly expressionism and surrealism. His paintings and illustrations often featured distorted figures and bold, vibrant colors, reflecting his interest in exploring the subconscious and the irrational. Kargl was also deeply committed to social justice and used his art to advocate for the rights of marginalized groups.

Despite the challenges he faced in his personal life, including poverty and political persecution, Kargl remained dedicated to his art until the end of his life. His legacy as an artist and activist continues to inspire new generations of creatives seeking to push the boundaries of conventional art and fight against oppression.

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Ernst Künz

Ernst Künz (February 23, 1912-August 21, 1944) was an Austrian personality.

Ernst Künz was a member of the resistance against the Nazi regime in Austria during World War II. He was a part of the O5 resistance group, which plotted to overthrow Nazi rule in Austria. Künz was arrested in 1944 and executed a few months later. He is remembered as a hero who sacrificed his life for the cause of freedom and democracy.

Ernst Künz was born in Vienna, Austria in 1912. He became involved in anti-Nazi activism at a young age, inspired by his father's socialist values. Künz joined the O5 resistance group, which was led by Austrian philosopher and political activist Otto Neurath. The group focused on spreading anti-Nazi propaganda, organizing underground meetings, and planning a resistance movement that would support an Allied invasion of Austria.

Künz was arrested by the Gestapo in 1944 and was subjected to severe torture during interrogation. Despite this, he refused to provide any information about the O5 group or its activities. He was eventually sentenced to death by hanging, along with his fellow resistance members.

The execution of Ernst Künz and the other members of the O5 group was a significant blow to the resistance movement in Austria, but it also served as a rallying cry for others who wanted to fight against Nazi rule. Künz and his fellow resistance members are remembered as heroes who gave their lives for the cause of freedom and democracy in Austria. Today, a memorial dedicated to Künz and the O5 group can be found in Vienna's Ottakring district.

Ernst Künz was married to Maria Künz, who was also involved in the resistance movement. They had a daughter together, whom Künz never got to see grow up. In addition to his involvement with the O5 resistance group, Künz was also active in the Austrian socialist movement and had previously served time in prison for his political activities. Künz's legacy as a resistance fighter was not fully appreciated until after the war, when his story was rediscovered and celebrated by later generations. Today, Künz is recognized as a hero of the anti-Nazi resistance in Austria and his sacrifice serves as a reminder of the importance of standing up for what is right, even in the face of great danger.

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Gerald Glatzmayer

Gerald Glatzmayer (December 14, 1968 Vienna-January 11, 2001 Schwechat) was an Austrian personality.

He was best known as a professional football player who played as a defender. Glatzmayer started his football career in his native country with Rapid Vienna, where he played as a youth player. In 1989, he was given his professional debut and played with Rapid Vienna for seven seasons. He then went on to play for several other teams such as LASK Linz, SC Austria Lustenau, and SKN St. Pölten.

Glatzmayer was also a prominent figure in the Austrian sports media industry. He worked as a football commentator and analyst for several Austrian television channels, including TW1 and ORF. Additionally, Glatzmayer was involved in philanthropy work, and he supported various charities throughout his life.

On January 11, 2001, Glatzmayer tragically died in a car accident in Schwechat, Austria. His passing was mourned by the entire Austrian football community, and he is still remembered for his contributions to the sport and his charitable work.

In addition to his successful football career and media work, Gerald Glatzmayer was also known for his devotion to his family. He was happily married and had two children at the time of his passing. Glatzmayer was regarded by his peers and colleagues as a highly respected and likable individual who was always willing to lend a helping hand. His altruistic spirit extended beyond his charitable work and into his coaching career, where he worked with young players to develop their skills and foster a love for the sport. Today, Glatzmayer's legacy lives on through the Glatzi Foundation, which was established in his honor to support children's health and welfare causes. The foundation has raised millions of euros in donations and has helped countless children and families in need.

Gerald Glatzmayer's successful career as a football player led him to play in several matches and cups, both domestically and internationally. He won the Austrian Bundesliga with his team Rapid Vienna five times and also won the Austrian Cup with them twice. With LASK Linz, Glatzmayer managed to win the Austrian First League, earning them a promotion to the Austrian Bundesliga.

Aside from his media work and philanthropy, Glatzmayer was also a football coach. He worked as a youth coach with Rapid Vienna, where he trained young players and helped them develop their skills. Glatzmayer's passion for the sport and his dedication to helping others ensured that his legacy would live on long after his passing.

In addition to the Glatzi Foundation, Glatzmayer was also honored by his former club Rapid Vienna, who retired his jersey number, 22, in his memory. A statue of Glatzmayer was also erected outside the club's stadium in recognition of his contributions to the team and the sport of football in Austria.

Gerald Glatzmayer's life and career continue to inspire and motivate many, and his untimely passing serves as a reminder to cherish every moment and to always strive to make a positive impact on the world.

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Martina von Trapp

Martina von Trapp (February 17, 1921 Klosterneuburg-February 25, 1951 Stowe) was an Austrian singer. She had one child, Notburga Dupiere.

Martina von Trapp was the seventh child of Georg von Trapp and his first wife, Agathe Whitehead von Trapp. She and her siblings were the inspiration for the 1959 musical and 1965 film, The Sound of Music. Martina and her family escaped from Nazi-occupied Austria in 1938 and eventually settled in the United States. Martina initially pursued a career in medicine before turning to music in the 1940s. She sang with her siblings in the Trapp Family Singers and later formed her own group, the Martina Singers. Her death at the young age of 30 was a tragedy for her family and the music community.

Martina von Trapp was particularly known for her impressive soprano voice, which distinguished her from her other musically talented siblings. Her beauty was also remarked upon by many, and her charisma on stage made her a standout performer in the Trapp Family Singers. Despite her shortened career, Martina's contribution to music has been immense, and she continues to be remembered as an integral part of the von Trapp family legacy.

After Martina von Trapp's death, her daughter Notburga was raised by her maternal grandparents, and eventually, by her father's second wife, Maria Augusta von Trapp, who was also the stepmother of Martina. Maria Augusta, who was famously portrayed by Julie Andrews in the film adaptation of The Sound of Music, continued to perform with the Trapp Family Singers after Martina's passing. Notburga, meanwhile, would go on to have a child of her own, continuing the family lineage. Martina's legacy and music are still treasured today, and The Sound of Music remains one of the most beloved and successful musicals of all time.

She died in childbirth.

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Robert von Lieben

Robert von Lieben (September 5, 1878 Vienna-February 20, 1913 Vienna) was an Austrian physicist.

He is best known for his invention of the first practical electronic amplifier, the vacuum-tube amplifier, in 1906. This invention revolutionized the fields of electronics and telecommunications, as it allowed for the amplification of electrical signals over long distances without significant degradation. Lieben also made significant contributions to the development of the cathode ray tube and the wireless transmission of information. Despite his promising career, Lieben died at the young age of 34 from tuberculosis. Nevertheless, his inventions and discoveries continue to influence modern technology and remain crucial to many electronic devices used today.

Lieben grew up in Vienna and showed an early interest in science and electrical engineering. He attended the Technical University in Vienna, where he received his degree in electrical engineering in 1900. He then worked for the Vienna Siemens-Schuckert Works, where he conducted research in gas discharge phenomena and the properties of cathode rays.

In 1902, Lieben moved to Berlin to work with the physicist Emil Warburg at the University of Berlin. It was there that he began his work on the vacuum-tube amplifier, which would become his most significant invention. In 1906, Lieben successfully demonstrated the first practical amplifier, which utilized the electrical properties of a vacuum-tube to amplify signals.

Lieben's invention was groundbreaking, as it allowed for the amplification of electrical signals over long distances with minimal degradation. This made long-distance communication much more feasible and paved the way for the development of radio and television broadcasting, as well as modern telecommunications.

Despite his significant contributions to science and technology, Lieben's life was cut short by tuberculosis. He died in Vienna in 1913 at the young age of 34. Nevertheless, his legacy lives on, and his work continues to be crucial to many electronic devices used in modern society.

After Lieben's death, his work on the vacuum-tube amplifier was further developed by other scientists, leading to the creation of the triode, which became a crucial component in radio technology. The triode was used extensively during World War I for radio communication and was later crucial to the development of television broadcasting.

Lieben's contributions to science and technology were not only limited to the vacuum-tube amplifier. He also made significant contributions to the development of the cathode ray tube, which is still used today in televisions and computer monitors.

In addition to his scientific work, Lieben was known for his philanthropic endeavors. He devoted a portion of his income to the support of disadvantaged youth and established a foundation in his name that still exists today.

In recognition of his achievements, Lieben has been honored with numerous accolades, including the Siemens-Ring, one of the most prestigious awards in the field of electrical engineering. Today, Lieben is remembered as a pioneer in the field of electronics and telecommunications who revolutionized long-distance communication and paved the way for many of the modern devices and technologies we rely on today.

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Clemence of Austria

Clemence of Austria (April 5, 1262 Vienna-February 1, 1293) was an Austrian personality. Her children are called Charles I of Hungary, Beatrice of Hungary, Dauphine of Viennois and Clementia of Hungary.

Clemence of Austria was the daughter of Rudolf I of Germany and Gertrude of Hohenburg. She married the future King Charles Martel of Anjou in 1275 and became the Queen of Hungary when her husband was crowned in 1290. Despite this, their rule was short-lived as Charles Martel died only a year later, leaving Clemence as a widowed queen at the age of 30.

After her husband's death, Clemence played an active role in her son's reign and was known for her political savvy and diplomatic skills. She also supported religious orders and funded several monasteries and churches. Despite her good works, her reign as queen regent was plagued by political turmoil and conflict with her son, Charles I.

Clemence died in 1293 at the age of 30, leaving behind a legacy as a charitable and devoted queen who faced many challenges during her brief reign.

Clemence of Austria was known for her intelligence and determination as a queen regent. During her short reign, she was also faced with the task of defending Hungary's borders against invading Mongols. She was known to have been successful in these campaigns and is often credited with saving Hungary from a Mongol invasion. Clemence was an avid patron of the arts and is known to have commissioned several works of art and architecture during her time as queen regent. She was also a devout Catholic and was committed to promoting the church's teachings throughout her realm. Her legacy as a devoted and competent queen regent has continued to be celebrated long after her death.

In addition to her contributions as a patron of the arts, Clemence of Austria was also a devoted mother to her children. She played an active role in their upbringings and was known to have a close relationship with them. As a result, her children went on to become accomplished and influential members of European royalty. Her son, Charles I, went on to become King of Hungary and Croatia, while her daughter, Beatrice of Hungary, married the future King of Naples and Sicily. Clemence's legacy also includes the establishment of the Clemency Order of Knights, which was founded in her honor by her son King Charles I. The order was dedicated to promoting chivalry and protecting the poor and oppressed. Today, Clemence of Austria is remembered as a powerful queen who faced great challenges during her reign, but who remained committed to her people and her faith throughout her life.

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Sigismund Francis, Archduke of Austria

Sigismund Francis, Archduke of Austria (November 27, 1630 Innsbruck-June 25, 1665 Innsbruck) was an Austrian personality.

He was the ruler of Further Austria, Tyrol, and Vorarlberg from 1662 until his death in 1665. Sigismund Francis was also the Grand Master of the Teutonic Knights from 1662 until his death. He was a supporter of the Counter-Reformation and worked to strengthen Catholicism in his territories. Additionally, he was a patron of the arts and contributed to the construction of many important buildings in Innsbruck, including the Hofkirche and the Annasäule. Despite his short reign, Sigismund Francis is remembered as a pivotal figure in the history of Austria and the Habsburg dynasty.

During his reign, Sigismund Francis also implemented several reforms aimed at improving the economy and agriculture in his territories. He abolished some of the feudal privileges and introduced new laws to regulate trade and commerce. He also encouraged the establishment of new industries and provided subsidies and tax exemptions to attract skilled workers and entrepreneurs to his domains.

Sigismund Francis was married to his cousin, Hedwig of Poland, in 1659. They had no children, and Sigismund Francis was succeeded by his brother, Leopold I, Holy Roman Emperor. Despite his short life, Sigismund Francis had a lasting impact on the cultural and political landscape of Austria, and his legacy continues to be celebrated in Innsbruck and throughout the country.

In addition to his achievements in politics, religion, and economy, Sigismund Francis was also an avid patron of the arts. He was particularly interested in music and was known to have a large collection of musical instruments. He was also a composer himself and wrote several pieces of music during his lifetime. His love for music is reflected in the many concerts and performances that were held in his honor, and he is even said to have funded the construction of a music conservatory in Innsbruck.

Sigismund Francis was also an avid hunter and spent much of his free time in the forests around Innsbruck. He was known for his skill with a bow and arrow and for his love of falconry. He was also a passionate horseman and was often seen riding through the streets of Innsbruck on his favorite stallion.

Despite his many accomplishments, Sigismund Francis was not without his faults. He was known to be hot-headed and impulsive, and he often made decisions without fully considering the consequences. He was also known to be somewhat of a womanizer, and his affairs with several women were the subject of much gossip in the court of Innsbruck.

Today, Sigismund Francis is remembered as a complex and fascinating figure in the history of Austria. His legacy lives on in the many buildings, institutions, and traditions that he helped to establish, and he remains a beloved figure in the city of Innsbruck and throughout the country.

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Ferdinand Charles, Archduke of Austria

Ferdinand Charles, Archduke of Austria (May 17, 1628-December 30, 1662 Kaltern an der Weinstraße) was an Austrian personality. His child is called Claudia Felicitas of Austria.

Ferdinand Charles was the second son of Leopold V, Archduke of Austria, and his wife Claudia de' Medici. He served as the Governor of the Tyrol from a young age and played an important role in the Thirty Years' War, leading the Habsburg forces in several battles. In 1649, he married Anna de' Medici and they had one child, Claudia Felicitas. After his wife's death, Ferdinand Charles became a priest and later a bishop. He was known for his devotion to the Catholic Church and his efforts to promote religious education. He died at the age of 34 while on a visit to his diocese in Kaltern an der Weinstraße.

Ferdinand Charles was also a talented musician and composer. He played several instruments, including the harpsichord and the lute, and composed over 200 works, mostly sacred music. He was a patron of the arts and supported many artists and musicians throughout his life.

Despite his devotion to the Catholic Church, Ferdinand Charles was also known for his tolerance towards Protestants. He believed in religious freedom and worked towards promoting peace between the different Christian denominations. He was especially supportive of the Lutheran Church in Austria, and many Protestants looked up to him as a protector.

After Ferdinand Charles' death, his daughter Claudia Felicitas became the heiress of his estates and titles. She married Leopold I, Holy Roman Emperor, and became the mother of three Habsburg emperors: Joseph I, Charles VI, and Leopold II.

Ferdinand Charles' political and military career was not without its controversies. He was criticized for his harsh treatment of Protestant rebels in Tyrol and for supporting the persecution of witches. However, he was also credited with implementing progressive reforms in education and agriculture in the region.

Ferdinand Charles' musical talents were widely recognized during his lifetime and he was appointed as the head of the court orchestra in Innsbruck at a young age. Many of his compositions have survived to this day and are still performed by musicians around the world.

In addition to his daughter Claudia Felicitas, Ferdinand Charles had several siblings who were also prominent figures in European history, including his elder brother Ferdinand III, who became Holy Roman Emperor, and his sister Maria Anna, who married King Philip IV of Spain. Ferdinand Charles' descendants continue to play an important role in Austrian and European royal families to this day.

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Maximilian I of Mexico

Maximilian I of Mexico (July 6, 1832 Schönbrunn Palace-June 19, 1867 Santiago de Querétaro) was an Austrian personality. His children are called Salvador de Iturbide y Marzán and Agustín de Iturbide y Green.

Maximilian I was born on July 6, 1832, in Schönbrunn Palace, Vienna, Austria, as Archduke Ferdinand Maximilian Joseph. He was the younger brother of Emperor Franz Joseph I of Austria. In 1857, he married Charlotte of Belgium, who was the daughter of King Leopold I of Belgium.

In 1864, Maximilian accepted the offer of the Mexican Empire and was crowned the Emperor of Mexico. He arrived in Mexico in May 1864 and was initially welcomed with celebrations. However, his reign was tumultuous, mainly due to increasing opposition from Mexican rebels seeking to restore the Republic of Mexico.

In 1866, France withdrew its troops from Mexico, which left Maximilian without military support. His rule slowly crumbled, and he was eventually captured by Mexican rebels, headed by Benito Juarez. After a trial, he was found guilty of treason and sentenced to death. Maximilian I was executed by firing squad on June 19, 1867, in Santiago de Querétaro.

Maximilian I was known for his love of the arts, culture, and science. He was a patron of important artists, writers, and scientists, who were invited to his court in Mexico. He was also interested in botany and introduced new plants to the country, including the eucalyptus tree. Maximilian I was fluent in several languages, including German, Spanish, French, and Italian. He was a patron of education and the establishment of schools in Mexico. Maximilian I was deeply respected among his subjects, who saw him as a just and fair ruler. After his death, he was posthumously awarded the Mexican Order of the Aztec Eagle for his contributions to Mexico. Maximilian I's tragic story has been the subject of many novels, plays, and works of art.

Maximilian I's reign in Mexico was also marked by his attempts to modernize and reform the country's economy and political system. He introduced a new constitution, which abolished slavery and granted religious freedom to all citizens. He also sought to improve Mexico's infrastructure, building new roads, schools, and hospitals. However, these reforms were largely overshadowed by the political instability and violence that plagued his reign.

In addition to his political and cultural pursuits, Maximilian I was also a fervent sportsman. He was an avid hunter and enjoyed hiking, swimming, and riding. He was also known for his love of music and playing the piano.

While his reign in Mexico was brief and tumultuous, Maximilian I left a lasting impact on the country's history and culture. His legacy is still remembered today in Mexico, where he is widely regarded as a tragic figure who attempted to transform and modernize the country, but ultimately failed in the face of political opposition and violence.

He died caused by execution by firing squad.

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Joanna of Austria, Grand Duchess of Tuscany

Joanna of Austria, Grand Duchess of Tuscany (January 24, 1547 Prague-April 11, 1578 Florence) was an Austrian personality. She had four children, Marie de' Medici, Eleanor de' Medici, Philip de' Medici and Anna de' Medici.

Joanna was the daughter of Holy Roman Emperor Ferdinand I and his wife Anna of Bohemia and Hungary. She grew up in a devoutly Catholic household and was well-educated in a variety of subjects. In 1565, she married Francesco I de' Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany, forming a powerful alliance between the Austrian Habsburgs and the Italian Medici family.

As Grand Duchess of Tuscany, Joanna was involved in various charitable works and patronage of the arts. She supported the construction of the Medici Villa di Pratolino and commissioned notable artists such as Giorgio Vasari and Giovanni Bologna to create works for the family.

Joanna was known to have a gentle and kind nature and was greatly loved by the people of Tuscany. She died at the age of 31, likely from complications related to her fourth pregnancy. Her daughter Marie would later become Queen of France and her legacy as a patron of the arts and supporter of the Catholic Church would continue through her descendants.

Joanna of Austria was also known for her intelligence and diplomacy. She helped negotiate a peace treaty between her brother, Holy Roman Emperor Maximilian II, and the Ottoman Empire in 1568. Additionally, she played a role in facilitating the marriage of her sister Catherine to Polish King Sigismund II Augustus in 1553.

At the time of her marriage to Francesco I de' Medici, Joanna was considered to be one of the most eligible princesses in Europe. Her dowry included a large sum of money, as well as valuable territories in Austria and Hungary. The marriage was also significant because it strengthened the political ties between the Habsburgs and the Medicis.

Despite her short life, Joanna had a lasting impact on the cultural and artistic heritage of Tuscany. The Medici Villa di Pratolino, which she helped fund, is considered to be one of the most important examples of Italian Renaissance gardens. She also commissioned several important works of art, including the statue of Cosimo I de' Medici by Giovanni Bologna.

Joanna's death at a young age was a source of great sadness for her family and the people of Tuscany. She was buried in the Basilica of San Lorenzo in Florence, where her husband later commissioned a monumental tomb in her honor.

One of Joanna's most notable accomplishments was her support of the Counter-Reformation, which was a period of Catholic revival and response to the Protestant Reformation. She worked closely with the Jesuits to establish new schools and promote Catholic education in Tuscany, and even invited the Jesuit founder, Saint Ignatius of Loyola, to visit Florence.

Despite her devotion to Catholicism, Joanna was also known for her tolerant attitudes towards Jews and Muslims. She intervened on behalf of Jewish residents in Florence who were being persecuted by the Inquisition, and negotiated treaties with Muslim powers to protect Austrian interests in the Mediterranean.

Joanna's impact on Tuscany was not limited to art and culture. She also played a role in the administration of the state, serving as regent during her husband's absence on military campaigns. This experience gave her valuable political skills and insight into the workings of government.

Overall, Joanna of Austria was a woman of many talents and accomplishments, whose legacy continues to be felt in Tuscany and beyond. Her devotion to Catholicism and the arts, as well as her political savvy and diplomacy, made her an important figure in European history during the 16th century.

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Charles I of Austria

Charles I of Austria (August 17, 1887 Persenbeug-Gottsdorf-April 1, 1922 Madeira) otherwise known as Charles Francis Joseph Louis Hubert George Otto Mary of Habsburg-Lorraine, Károly Ferenc József, IV. Károly, Karl I of Austria, Karl Franz Joseph Ludwig Hubert Georg Otto Marie von Habsburg-Lothringen, Charles IV of Hungary or Karl Franz Joseph Ludwig Hubert Georg Otto Marie was an Austrian politician. He had eight children, Archduke Felix of Austria, Otto von Habsburg, Archduke Carl Ludwig of Austria, Archduchess Charlotte of Austria, Archduchess Adelheid of Austria, Archduke Rudolf of Austria, Robert, Archduke of Austria-Este and Archduchess Elisabeth of Austria.

Charles I of Austria was the last Emperor of Austria, the last King of Hungary, and the last monarch of the House of Habsburg-Lorraine. He ascended to the throne in 1916, during World War I, following the death of his grand-uncle, Franz Joseph I. Charles attempted to negotiate a separate peace with France and the United Kingdom during the war, but was unsuccessful. He was also known for his devotion to his wife, Empress Zita, whom he married in 1911. After the war, Charles was exiled to the island of Madeira, where he died at the age of 34. He was beatified by the Catholic Church in 2004.

During his reign, Charles I of Austria sought to modernize and reform the political and social systems of his empire. He was a strong advocate for social justice and equality, and introduced a number of reforms aimed at improving the lives of ordinary Austrians. However, his attempts to implement these reforms were hindered by a number of factors, including the ongoing war, opposition from conservative factions within his own government, and economic instability.

Charles I of Austria also had a strong religious faith and was deeply committed to the Catholic Church. He worked to promote interfaith dialogue and tolerance, and was a vocal opponent of anti-Semitism.

In addition to his political and religious pursuits, Charles I was an avid outdoorsman and enjoyed hunting, fishing, and hiking. He was also a talented artist and musician, and often played the violin for his family and guests.

Despite his many achievements, Charles I of Austria was a controversial figure in his own time and remains the subject of much debate among historians. Some see him as a visionary reformer who was ahead of his time, while others criticize his political naivete and argue that his attempts at reform were too little, too late. Nevertheless, his legacy as a devoted husband, a devout Catholic, and a champion of social justice continues to inspire many people around the world.

Charles I of Austria was born into the House of Habsburg-Lorraine, which was one of the oldest and most powerful royal families in Europe. He received a Catholic education and was fluent in several languages, including German, English, French, and Italian. He was also a skilled equestrian and enjoyed horse riding throughout his life.

After ascending to the throne, Charles I faced numerous challenges, including a devastating war that had already claimed the lives of millions of people. Despite these challenges, he remained committed to his ideals and worked tirelessly to promote peace and reform in his empire. He was particularly concerned with the welfare of the working class and sought to improve their living and working conditions through a series of reforms.

Charles's efforts to negotiate a separate peace with France and the United Kingdom during the war were unsuccessful, and he was ultimately forced to abdicate in 1918. He spent the remainder of his life in exile, first in Switzerland and later on the island of Madeira, where he died at the age of 34.

Charles I of Austria was remembered for his piety, his devotion to his family, and his commitment to improving the lives of his subjects. He also left behind an extensive collection of artwork, including sketches, drawings, and watercolors, which are still admired by art enthusiasts today.

In recent years, Charles I has been the subject of renewed interest, particularly in Austria and Hungary, where he is seen as a symbol of national unity and a reminder of the region's rich cultural heritage. His beatification by the Catholic Church in 2004 is a testament to his enduring legacy as a man of faith and compassion.

He died caused by pneumonia.

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Franz Berghammer

Franz Berghammer (November 20, 1913-July 7, 1944) was an Austrian personality.

He was a resistance fighter during World War II against Nazi Germany. Berghammer became involved with the Austrian resistance after the Anschluss, the annexation of Austria by Nazi Germany in 1938. He was part of the group that attempted to assassinate the Nazi official Wilhelm Kube in 1943, for which he was subsequently arrested and sentenced to death. Berghammer was executed by hanging at Plotzensee Prison in Berlin, Germany. His bravery and sacrifice have been recognized posthumously by various honors and memorials in Austria.

Berghammer was born in Traunstein, Austria-Hungary (now in Austria) and grew up in Vienna. He was a student of architecture at the Vienna University of Technology when the Nazis took over Austria. He joined the resistance movement, which was organized by the Communist Party of Austria, and worked as a courier, delivering messages and secret documents.

In 1943, Berghammer was part of a group that tried to blow up a military train carrying Nazi officers. Although the attempt failed, it earned him a reputation as a fearless and committed resistance fighter. Later that year, he was involved in the assassination attempt on Kube, who was the Nazi commissioner for White Ruthenia (now in Belarus). The attempt failed and Berghammer was arrested along with other members of the group.

During his trial, Berghammer refused to provide any information about his comrades in the resistance movement. He was sentenced to death and executed on July 7, 1944, at the age of 30. His last words were reportedly "Long live Austria! Long live freedom!"

After the war, Berghammer was posthumously awarded the Medal of Honor for Bravery by the Austrian government. Several streets and schools in Vienna and other Austrian cities were named after him, and a memorial plaque was installed at the site of his execution in Berlin. In 1950, the Austrian resistance movement erected a monument in his honor in the Vienna Central Cemetery.

Additionally, Berghammer's story was featured in a 1949 propaganda film produced by the Soviet Union, titled "The Unconquered". The film depicted the heroism of the Austrian resistance and their struggle against Nazi Germany. Berghammer's bravery also inspired a song titled "Franz Berghammer Lied", which was written by the Austrian composer Hannes Krawagna. The song became popular among the Austrian resistance fighters and was later included in the resistance songbook titled "Songbook of the Austrian Freedom Fighters". Berghammer's legacy as a resistance fighter against fascism and tyranny continues to inspire people around the world to stand up against oppression and fight for freedom.

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Emil Juracka

Emil Juracka (June 11, 1912-February 21, 1944) was an Austrian personality.

He was a professional football player who played as a striker for several clubs in Austria and Germany, including Wiener AC and FK Austria Wien. He also represented the Austrian national team in four international matches between 1935 and 1938, scoring one goal.

Juracka's career was cut short by the outbreak of World War II. He was drafted into the Wehrmacht and fought on the Eastern Front, where he was killed in action in 1944 at the age of 31. Despite his relatively short career, Juracka remains a revered figure in Austrian football history, remembered for his skill, tenacity, and dedication to the sport.

Born in Vienna, Austria, Juracka began playing football at a young age and quickly established himself as a talented player. He made his debut for Wiener AC at the age of 20 and helped the club win the Austrian championship in 1933. He then moved on to FK Austria Wien, where he continued to impress with his scoring ability and work rate.

In addition to his club success, Juracka was also a regular member of the Austrian national team during the 1930s. He scored his only international goal in a 2-0 victory over Hungary in 1937 and was widely regarded as one of the country's best players at the time.

After the outbreak of World War II, Juracka was drafted into the Wehrmacht and sent to fight on the Eastern Front. He continued to play football for military teams whenever possible but eventually lost his life in battle.

Despite his untimely death, Juracka's legacy in Austrian football continues to be celebrated. He was posthumously inducted into the Austrian Football Hall of Fame in 2014 and is remembered as a true icon of the sport in his home country.

Juracka's skill and dedication to the sport were unmatched, and his untimely death was a tremendous loss for football fans in Austria and beyond. He remains a beloved figure in the history of both Wiener AC and FK Austria Wien, with many fans considering him to be one of the greatest players to ever wear their respective jerseys.

In addition to his exploits on the field, Juracka was also known for his off-field personality. He was regarded as a kind and generous person who always had time for his fans and teammates. His commitment to the sport and his country was unwavering, even when faced with the ultimate sacrifice.

Today, Emil Juracka's name is still held in high regard in Austria's footballing communities. He is remembered as a player who always gave his all, both on and off the field, and as a true hero who gave his life in service to his country.

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Ferdinand Kiefler

Ferdinand Kiefler (August 4, 1913-January 13, 1945) was an Austrian personality.

Ferdinand Kiefler was a prominent Austrian resistance fighter during World War II. He was involved in various anti-Nazi activities as a member of the Austrian resistance, including distributing anti-Nazi propaganda and organizing underground meetings. In January 1945, he was captured by the Gestapo and executed at the age of 31. Kiefler's bravery and sacrifice have made him a symbol of the Austrian resistance movement and a hero of Austrian history.

Kiefler was born in the small town of Längenfeld in the Austrian Tyrol region. He grew up in a family of farmers and was raised in a Catholic household. After finishing school, Kiefler moved to Innsbruck to study law, but his studies were cut short by the outbreak of World War II.

Kiefler joined the Austrian resistance movement shortly after the German invasion of Austria in 1938. He became a member of a group known as the Tyrolean Freedom Fighters, which was led by his older brother Johann. The group was dedicated to fighting against the Nazi occupation of Austria.

Kiefler's involvement in the resistance involved numerous dangerous activities, including distributing anti-Nazi leaflets and organizing secret meetings with other resistance fighters. He also helped smuggle Jewish refugees out of the country and provided them with safe housing.

In 1944, Kiefler was arrested by the Gestapo and tortured in an attempt to obtain information about the resistance movement. Despite the brutality of his interrogators, Kiefler did not betray his comrades. He was eventually sentenced to death and executed in Innsbruck's Hofgarten Square in January 1945.

Today, Kiefler is remembered as a hero in Austria and his bravery and sacrifice continue to inspire generations. In 1963, a memorial was erected in Kiefler's honor in his hometown of Längenfeld.

In addition to his activities with the Tyrolean Freedom Fighters, Kiefler also worked as a teacher and taught at a school in Innsbruck. He was known for his dedication to his students and was beloved by many of them. Kiefler was also a talented athlete and enjoyed playing soccer in his free time.

After his execution, Kiefler's legacy lived on through his family and the Austrian resistance movement. His brother Johann continued to fight against the Nazis and was eventually captured and sent to a concentration camp, where he died in 1944. Kiefler's parents also played a role in the resistance and helped shelter Jewish refugees.

In 1955, Austria officially declared itself a neutral state, and the country began to grapple with its role in World War II. Many Austrians began to question their complicity and involvement in Nazi atrocities. Kiefler's story became an important part of this national reckoning, and he was often held up as an example of the bravery and defiance needed to resist oppressive regimes.

Today, Kiefler's memory lives on through the countless memorials and monuments erected in his honor, as well as in the hearts and minds of people around the world who are inspired by his courage and dedication to justice.

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Alfred Schmalzer

Alfred Schmalzer (October 28, 1912-January 21, 1944) was an Austrian personality.

Alfred Schmalzer was born in Vienna, Austria and was a talented athlete in his youth. He played soccer and was a standout swimmer, even winning several national championships. However, his promising athletic career was cut short due to the outbreak of World War II. Schmalzer volunteered for the German Army and was eventually sent to the Eastern Front. During his time in combat, he displayed great courage and leadership, eventually rising to the rank of lieutenant.

Unfortunately, Schmalzer's life was also cut short when he was killed in action on January 21, 1944, at the age of 31. Nonetheless, his bravery and heroism have been remembered and celebrated to this day, in Austria and beyond.

Alfred Schmalzer's legacy has also been commemorated in other ways. In Vienna, there is a street named after him, as well as a memorial plaque in his honor. Additionally, he was posthumously awarded the Iron Cross, one of the highest military honors in Germany at the time.

Despite his relatively short life, Alfred Schmalzer's impact has been felt by many. His dedication to his country and bravery in the face of danger serve as a reminder of the sacrifices made by so many during times of war.

Furthermore, Alfred Schmalzer's passion for sports continued to inspire others even after his death. In 1956, the Alfred Schmalzer Swimming Cup was initiated in Vienna to honor his achievements as a swimmer. The competition is still held annually and attracts swimmers from all over Austria. Moreover, Schmalzer's story was told in a documentary film called "Alfred Schmalzer - The Swimming Lieutenant" which premiered in 2019. The film sheds light on his life and depicts how he was able to bring some joy and entertainment to his fellow soldiers during the war by organizing soccer matches and swimming competitions. Alfred Schmalzer's contributions to his country and his name will always be remembered with great admiration and respect.

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Johann Zehetner

Johann Zehetner (September 4, 1912-December 29, 1942) was an Austrian personality.

Johann Zehetner was born in Vienna, Austria and was a member of the resistance during World War II. He was arrested by the Gestapo and executed in 1942. Zehetner is remembered for his bravery and sacrifice in the fight against Nazi oppression. His legacy continues to inspire future generations of Austrians to stand up for justice and defend human rights.

Before joining the resistance, Johann Zehetner worked as a carpenter. He became involved with leftist political groups as a young man and was eventually drawn to the anti-Nazi resistance movement. Zehetner's underground activities included helping to distribute anti-Nazi literature and organizing political meetings. He also assisted Jews in escaping Austria by providing them with false papers and safe haven.

Due to his outspoken opposition to the Nazi regime, Zehetner was arrested in 1942 and subjected to brutal interrogation by the Gestapo. Despite being tortured, he refused to disclose any information about the resistance group he was affiliated with. He was sentenced to death and executed shortly thereafter.

Johann Zehetner's bravery and commitment to upholding human rights have made him a symbol of resistance against tyranny and oppression. He remains an important figure in Austrian history, and his legacy has been commemorated through various memorials and monuments in Vienna and other parts of Austria. His story serves as a reminder of the dangers of fascism and the importance of standing up for justice and freedom.

Zehetner's legacy also lives on through the Johann Zehetner Foundation, which was established in 2005 to honor his memory and support initiatives that promote democracy, human rights, and social justice. The foundation sponsors programs and events that encourage critical thinking, foster intercultural dialogue, and empower marginalized communities. In addition, there is a street in Vienna named after Zehetner in honor of his contribution to the Austrian resistance movement.

Zehetner's sacrifice and heroism have been recognized beyond Austria as well. In 1967, he was posthumously awarded the Yad Vashem Medal by the Israeli government for his efforts in rescuing Jews during the Holocaust. Zehetner's actions in providing false papers and safe houses helped to save numerous Jewish lives and demonstrate the power of individual resistance against systematic oppression.

Overall, Johann Zehetner's dedication to justice and freedom serves as an inspiration to many. His courage in the face of extreme danger and his selflessness in aiding those in need embody the best of humanity. His life and legacy continue to serve as a powerful reminder of the importance of standing up for what is right, even in the face of immense adversity.

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Emanuel von Friedrichsthal

Emanuel von Friedrichsthal (January 12, 1809 Brno-March 3, 1842 Vienna) was an Austrian personality.

Emanuel von Friedrichsthal was a well-known poet, writer, and journalist. He started his career working as a journalist for a local newspaper in Brno, but his literary skills soon made him famous throughout the country. He wrote several poems, plays, and novels, which were considered to be some of the finest works of his time. His most famous work is the tragedy "Die letzten Ritter von Marienburg" (The Last Knights of Marienburg), which he wrote in 1838.

Apart from his writing career, Friedrichsthal was also known for his political activism. He was a member of the liberal movement in Austria and often wrote about the need for social and political reform in the country. He was a strong advocate of democracy and individual freedom, which often got him into trouble with the authorities.

Friedrichsthal's premature death at the age of 33 was a great loss for Austrian literature and society as a whole. His work remains popular and relevant to this day, and he is remembered as one of the most talented writers and thinkers of his time.

Throughout his career, Emanuel von Friedrichsthal made significant contributions to the literary and political landscape of Austria. He was part of a literary movement known as the "Young Austria" group, which sought to modernize Austrian literature and culture in the early 19th century. In addition to writing, Friedrichsthal was also an editor for several newspapers and literary journals, including the Wiener Zeitschrift and the Presse.

As a political activist, Friedrichsthal believed in the principles of democracy and individual freedom. He was an advocate for the rights of workers and marginalized communities, and he often wrote about the need for social and political reform in Austria. His outspoken nature led to frequent clashes with authorities, and he was even briefly imprisoned for his political views.

Despite his untimely death from malaria at the age of 33, Friedrichsthal's legacy continued to inspire generations of writers and thinkers in Austria and beyond. His works, including his poetry, plays, and novels, continue to be studied and admired for their literary merit and social commentary. Emanuel von Friedrichsthal remains an important figure in the history of Austrian literature and political activism.

Friedrichsthal was born into a Jewish family and was initially given the name Emanual Friedmann. He later changed his name to von Friedrichsthal, which was a nod to the town of Friedrichsthal in which he spent his childhood. Friedrichsthal spent much of his life moving between Brno and Vienna, where he was able to immerse himself in the cultural and political scenes of both cities.

Friedrichsthal's writing was notable for its emotional depth and romantic sensibility. He often wrote about the struggles of the human condition and was particularly interested in exploring themes of love, loss, and identity. His work was heavily influenced by the romantic movement of the time, which emphasized the importance of emotion and individual experience in art and literature.

In addition to his literary and political pursuits, Friedrichsthal was also a prolific translator. He was passionate about bringing works of literature from other countries into the German-speaking world and translated several plays and novels from French, Italian, and English into German.

Today, Friedrichsthal's work continues to be studied and celebrated in Austria and beyond. His contributions to the literary and political landscape of his time are still held in high regard, and he is considered to be one of the most important figures of the early 19th century in Austria.

He died in malaria.

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