Here are 24 famous musicians from United Kingdom died at 76:
Patrick Blackett, Baron Blackett (November 18, 1897 Kensington-July 13, 1974 London) also known as P. M. S. Blackett was a British physicist, politician and scientist.
He is best known for his work on cosmic rays, for which he won the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1948. Blackett's research also played a crucial role in the development of radar during World War II. He was a passionate advocate for disarmament and served as the President of the Royal Society from 1965 to 1970. In addition to his scientific contributions, Blackett was also active in the Labour Party and served as a Member of Parliament from 1945 to 1950. He was later made a life peer in the House of Lords and became known for his outspoken criticism of nuclear weapons. Overall, Patrick Blackett's varied career made lasting contributions to many fields and established him as one of the most accomplished scientists and public figures of his time.
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Edward Routh (January 20, 1831 Québec-June 7, 1907 Cambridge) also known as Edward John Routh was a British mathematician.
He was the first person to be awarded the title of "Sylvester Professor of Mathematics" at the University of Oxford. Routh made significant contributions to the field of mechanics and is perhaps best-known for his work on rigid body dynamics. In particular, he developed what is now known as Routh's method for solving problems in mechanics. In addition to his contributions to mathematics, Routh was also a respected professor of astronomy, and held the position of the Lowndean Professor of Astronomy and Geometry at Cambridge University. Throughout his career, he was known for his dedication to teaching and his passion for mathematics.
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Diana Wynne Jones (August 16, 1934 London-March 26, 2011 Bristol) was a British novelist, writer and author.
She was born in London, England and spent most of her childhood in Essex. Jones attended St Anne's College in Oxford where she studied English. She began writing children's books in the mid-1970s and quickly gained recognition for her unique and imaginative storytelling. She wrote over 40 books in her lifetime, including the critically acclaimed "Howl's Moving Castle" and "The Chronicles of Chrestomanci" series. In addition to her prolific writing career, Jones was also an accomplished literary critic and lecturer, teaching at universities in the UK and the US. Her work has been translated into many languages and adapted for screen and stage. Diana Wynne Jones was awarded the British Fantasy Award, the Mythopoeic Award, the World Fantasy Award for Lifetime Achievement, and the Astrid Lindgren Memorial Award. She died in March 2011 at the age of 76.
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Mary Martha Sherwood (May 6, 1775 Stanford-on-Teme-October 22, 1851 Twickenham) also known as Sherwood or Mary Sherwood was a British writer and novelist.
She was known for her children's literature which often contained moral and religious lessons. Sherwood was a devout Christian and her faith played a significant role in her writing. She spent a lot of time traveling and lived in places such as India and South Africa with her husband, who was a missionary. Her most famous work is "The History of Little Henry and his Bearer," which was set in India and illustrated the relationship between a British boy and his Indian servant.
Sherwood was also a strong advocate for education, especially for girls, and worked to establish schools in various parts of the world. She was a prolific writer, publishing over 400 works during her lifetime, including novels, hymns, and educational texts. Sherwood's writing was very popular during the 19th century and continued to influence children's literature for years to come, with notable authors such as Lewis Carroll citing her as an inspiration.
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George Hamilton-Gordon, 4th Earl of Aberdeen (January 28, 1784 Edinburgh-December 14, 1860 St James's) was a British personality.
He was a statesman and a prime minister of the United Kingdom from 1852 to 1855. The son of George Gordon, Lord Haddo, he entered politics at a young age and served as a diplomat in Vienna and at the Congress of Verona. As prime minister, he faced significant challenges, including the Crimean War and the resulting public outcry. However, he was widely respected for his leadership and diplomatic skills. In addition to his political career, Aberdeen was also a scholar and philanthropist, serving as chancellor of the University of Aberdeen and supporting various charitable causes. He was married twice and had several children, including his successor as Earl of Aberdeen.
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Kim Philby (January 1, 1912 Ambala-May 11, 1988 Moscow) was a British spy.
He worked for Soviet military intelligence during the Cold War and is considered to have been one of the most successful double agents in history. Philby's work as a spy for the Soviet Union led to the deaths of many British agents and the loss of thousands of confidential documents. He was eventually discovered by MI6 and defected to Moscow, where he spent the rest of his life. Philby's defection was a major embarrassment for the British government and is seen as one of the most significant episodes in the history of espionage. Despite his betrayal, Kim Philby is still considered to be a highly skilled spy and has been the subject of numerous books and documentaries.
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John William Strutt (November 12, 1842 Maldon-June 30, 1919 Witham) also known as 3rd Baron Rayleigh, John William Strutt, 3rd Baron Rayleigh or Lord Rayleigh was a British physicist. His child is Robert Strutt, 4th Baron Rayleigh.
Lord Rayleigh was a pioneer in the field of experimental physics, and is best known for his work on sound and light waves. He discovered argon gas, which was the first of the noble gases to be discovered. His studies on sound led to the formulation of what is now known as Rayleigh's Law of Scattering, which explains why the sky is blue. He was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1904 for his work in the field of acoustic waves. Lord Rayleigh was also a member of the Royal Society, and served as its president from 1905 to 1908. In addition to his contributions to science, he also played a significant role in the development of the first modern edition of the Bible, known as the Revised Version.
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Lawrence Alma-Tadema (January 8, 1836 Dronrijp-June 25, 1912 Wiesbaden) was a British personality.
Lawrence Alma-Tadema was a British artist of Dutch origin who became famous for his paintings depicting scenes from ancient classical and historical periods. He was born in Dronrijp, Netherlands but moved to England in 1870 where he lived and worked for the rest of his life. Alma-Tadema had a successful career as a painter and was known for his meticulous attention to detail in his artwork. He was also a member of the Royal Academy of Arts in London and was knighted in 1899 for his contributions to the arts. Today, his paintings can be found in many prestigious museums across the world such as the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York and the Getty Center in Los Angeles.
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Robin Milner (January 13, 1934 Yealmpton-March 20, 2010 Cambridge) also known as A J Milner, Arthur John Robin Gorell Milner or R. Milner was a British computer scientist.
He studied at the University of Cambridge and completed his PhD in 1958 under the supervision of Maurice Wilkes. Milner worked at the University of Edinburgh, Stanford University, and the University of Cambridge during his career. He was particularly known for his work in the field of programming languages, and is credited with creating the programming language ML (Meta Language). Milner was awarded the Turing Award in 1991 for his contributions to computer science, particularly for his work on the theory of programming languages. He was also a fellow of the Royal Society and a commander of the Order of the British Empire (CBE). Milner passed away in 2010 at the age of 76.
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William Hepworth Thompson (March 27, 1810 York-October 1, 1886 Cambridge) was a British personality.
He was an eminent classicist and educational reformer who held the position of Master of Trinity College, Cambridge for 28 years. Thompson was known for his dedication to the cause of education and played a pivotal role in the development of the British education system. He also authored several books on ancient Greek literature and philosophy, which are still considered as important contributions in the field. Thompson received numerous awards and accolades during his lifetime, including being elected a Fellow of the Royal Society in 1869.
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George Grote (November 17, 1794 London Borough of Bromley-June 18, 1871 London) was a British historian.
He is known for his work "History of Greece" which he started researching and writing in 1823 and published in 1846. He served as a Member of Parliament for the City of London from 1832 to 1841, advocating for education and various reforms. Grote was also a member of the Royal Society and the Royal Society of Literature. Throughout his life, he remained a vocal advocate for political and social reform, particularly the expansion of the right to vote and the abolition of slavery.
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Benjamin Jowett (April 15, 1817 Camberwell-October 1, 1893 Oxford) was a British personality.
He was a theologian and classical scholar who served as the Master of Balliol College at Oxford University from 1870 to 1893. Jowett was known for his remarkable tutorial talent and his ability to inspire students. He was also appointed Regius Professor of Greek in 1855 and was instrumental in the major reforms of the Oxford University curriculum in the mid-19th century. Jowett is perhaps best remembered for his translation of Plato's works, a project that took him over 20 years to complete. This translation is still regarded as one of the best English translations of Plato's works. Jowett was also heavily involved in social and political issues of his time, advocating for the abolition of slavery and for education reform.
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F. J. Robinson, 1st Viscount Goderich (November 1, 1782 Yorkshire-January 28, 1859 Wimbledon Common) was a British politician. He had one child, George Robinson, 1st Marquess of Ripon.
F.J. Robinson, 1st Viscount Goderich served as the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom for a brief period in 1827, after the death of the previous Prime Minister, Lord Liverpool. He was a member of the Tory party and held several other important positions in the government, including the Chancellor of the Exchequer and the President of the Board of Trade. Robinson was known for his good oratory skills and played a significant role in the negotiations pertaining to the Corn Laws. He resigned from his position as Prime Minister just four months into his tenure, owing to personal reasons, which included his declining mental health. After his resignation, Robinson largely stayed out of active politics but remained an important member of the House of Lords until his death in 1859.
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David Guest (April 5, 2015-July 28, 1938 Gandesa) was a British philosopher and mathematician.
David Guest was known for his work in the field of logic, specifically in the areas of model theory and the philosophy of mathematics. He completed his undergraduate degree at the University of London and went on to receive his PhD from the same institution. Guest then became a professor at the University of Bristol, where he continued to make significant contributions to his field through his research and teaching. In addition to his academic pursuits, Guest also served in World War II, during which he tragically lost his life. Despite his brief career, David Guest's work has influenced many contemporary logicians and mathematicians.
He died caused by killed in action.
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Grace Chisholm Young (March 15, 1868 Haslemere-March 29, 1944) was a British mathematician. Her child is called Laurence Chisholm Young.
Grace Chisholm Young was born in Haslemere, Surrey, England. She attended Girton College, Cambridge, where she studied mathematics under Michael Foster and Arthur Cayley. She later became a lecturer at the college, teaching advanced courses in mathematics.
Young was known for her work in the field of abstract algebra, and her book "Theory of Groups of Finite Order" is still widely read today. She also made significant contributions to the study of geometry and the history of mathematics.
In 1905, Young married the mathematician William Henry Young. The couple remained together until William's death in 1942. They had one child, Laurence Chisholm Young, who also became a mathematician.
Throughout her career, Grace Chisholm Young made important contributions to the field of mathematics, and paved the way for future generations of women in STEM.
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Vera Brittain (December 29, 1893 Newcastle-under-Lyme-March 29, 1970 Wimbledon) also known as Vera Mary Brittain was a British writer, nurse and novelist. She had two children, Shirley Williams and John Catlin.
During World War I, Brittain postponed her studies at Somerville College, Oxford in order to serve as a volunteer nurse in London, Malta and France. She later wrote a memoir about her experiences and losses during the war, titled "Testament of Youth," which is considered a classic in the genre of First World War literature.
Brittain was also a vocal pacifist and feminist. She was a member of the Peace Pledge Union and an advocate for the League of Nations. She wrote extensively on women's rights and criticized the patriarchal society in which she lived. Some of her other notable works include "Testament of Friendship," a memoir about her friendship with Winifred Holtby, and her novel "The Dark Tide."
In addition to her writing, Brittain was an active member of various organizations such as the International Pacifist Congress and the Union for Democratic Control. She also worked as a lecturer and journalist, and was awarded the CBE (Commander of the Order of the British Empire) in 1961 for her contributions to literature and her activism.
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Prince Adolphus, Duke of Cambridge (February 24, 1774 Buckingham Palace-July 8, 1850 Cambridge House) was a British personality. He had three children, Princess Mary Adelaide of Cambridge, Prince George, Duke of Cambridge and Princess Augusta of Cambridge.
Prince Adolphus, Duke of Cambridge was a member of the Royal Family of Britain, born on February 24, 1774, at Buckingham Palace in London, England. He was the tenth child and seventh son of King George III and Queen Charlotte. The prince was raised with a strong military background and began his military career in 1790, before being appointed Colonel of the 9th Regiment of Foot in 1794.
During the Napoleonic Wars with France, Prince Adolphus served in several campaigns, including those in Flanders and Holland. He was subsequently promoted to the rank of Lieutenant-General in the British Army, and later was appointed commander-in-chief of the forces in Ireland, a post he held until 1827.
In 1818, Adolphus married Princess Augusta of Hesse-Kassel, with whom he had three children, Princess Mary Adelaide of Cambridge, Prince George, Duke of Cambridge, and Princess Augusta of Cambridge. Despite their marital status, Prince Adolphus was known for his numerous affairs throughout his life, including relationships with actresses and opera singers.
The Duke of Cambridge also had a keen interest in the arts, music, and architecture. He was the patron of the Royal Society of Musicians, the London Architectural Society, and the Royal Academy of Arts. He personally oversaw the design and construction of Cambridge House, his London residence.
Prince Adolphus, Duke of Cambridge passed away on July 8, 1850, at his home in London. He was buried in St Anne's Church, Kew, in southwest London.
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Robin Day (October 24, 1923 London-August 6, 2000 London) a.k.a. Sir Robin Day or The Grand Inquisitor was a British presenter, journalist and actor.
He is best known for his coverage of British politics, including hosting the BBC's flagship program, "Question Time" for over a decade. Day was renowned for his sharp interviewing style, quick wit and incisive questioning, earning him the nickname "The Grand Inquisitor." Beyond his television career, Day was also a noted actor, appearing in several films and stage productions. Later in life, he was appointed a Knight Bachelor for his contributions to broadcasting and journalism.
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Thomas Francis Wade (August 25, 1818 London-July 31, 1895 Cambridge) also known as T. F. Wade was a British diplomat.
He is known for his contribution to the study of the Chinese language and the creation of the Wade-Giles romanization system, which is still widely used today to help non-Chinese speakers pronounce Chinese names and words. In addition to his diplomatic duties, Wade dedicated much of his time to studying and compiling a dictionary of the Chinese language. His work helped bring about greater understanding and communication between China and the Western world. In recognition of his contributions, he was awarded the Royal Asiatic Society's Stanislas Julien Prize in 1888.
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Hiram Maxim (February 5, 1840 Sangerville-November 24, 1916 London) was a British inventor. He had three children, Hiram Percy Maxim, Florence Maxim Cutter and Adelaide Maxim Joubert.
Hiram Maxim is best known for his invention of the Maxim gun, which was the world's first portable, fully automatic machine gun. He patented his invention in 1883 and began selling it to militaries around the world, including the British army. Maxim became an extremely wealthy man as a result of his invention and continued to work on improving firearms technology throughout his life.
In addition to inventing the machine gun, Hiram Maxim was also a prolific inventor in other fields. He held more than 270 patents during his lifetime, including patents for electric lamps, gas engines, and flying machines. He was particularly interested in aviation and made several attempts to build a successful flying machine.
Maxim was also a philanthropist and donated much of his wealth to charity. He established the Maxim Memorial Fund, which provided financial assistance to inventors, and also supported various scientific institutions.
Despite his many accomplishments, Hiram Maxim was known for his modesty and humility. He once said, "I have done nothing that every other man has not the opportunity to do."
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John Wodehouse, 1st Earl of Kimberley (January 7, 1826 Wymondham-April 8, 1902 London) was a British politician.
He came from a family with a long tradition of political activity, and after studying at Eton and Christ Church, Oxford, he entered Parliament as a Liberal Party member in 1852. Wodehouse held several important positions while in office, including Foreign Secretary from 1880 to 1882 and again from 1886 to 1892. He was also Governor of Western Australia from 1868 to 1874, and was appointed a Knight of the Garter in 1894. In addition to his political career, Wodehouse was a passionate advocate for the arts and a collector of fine art, often entertaining prominent artists and writers at his home in Norfolk. He was well-regarded by his peers for his intelligence, good judgment, and diplomatic skills, and was known for his ability to defuse tense situations in Parliament.
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Max Müller (December 6, 1823 Dessau-October 28, 1900 Oxford) also known as Max Muller, F. Max Müller, Friedrich Max Muller, Friedrich M Mueller or Max F. Muller was a British personality.
He was a renowned scholar of comparative mythology and religion, and is credited with founding the discipline of comparative religion. Max Müller was born in Germany but spent much of his life in England, where he served as the Oxford Professor of Comparative Philology from 1868 to 1875. He was fluent in several languages, including Sanskrit, and his translations of ancient Indian religious texts were highly influential in Europe and America. He was also a prolific writer, producing numerous books and articles over the course of his long career, and he played an important role in promoting the study of world religions in the West. Max Müller received numerous honors and awards for his contributions to scholarship, and his legacy continues to be felt in the field of comparative religion today.
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Keith Joseph (January 17, 1918 London-December 10, 1994 London) also known as Sir Keith Joseph, 2nd Baronet was a British politician, barrister and lawyer.
He was a member of the Conservative Party and was a prominent figure in the Thatcher government in the 1980s. Joseph served as Secretary of State for Industry, Trade, and Commerce and later as Secretary of State for Education and Science. He was known for his free-market and monetarist views on economics and was a key architect of Thatcher's economic policies that emphasized deregulation, privatization, and cuts to public spending. Joseph was also a strong advocate for school choice and educational reform. He was made a baronet in 1982 in recognition of his service to the Conservative Party.
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Sam Browne (October 3, 1824 Barrackpore-March 14, 1901 Ryde) was a British soldier.
He joined the military at the age of 16 and served in various campaigns, including the Indian Mutiny and the Second Sikh War. In 1858, he suffered a severe injury to his left arm during battle, which led to it being amputated. Despite this setback, he continued to serve in the military and rose through the ranks.
Browne is perhaps best known for inventing the Sam Browne belt, a piece of leather equipment that is still used by military and police forces around the world. The belt was designed to help Browne carry his sword and holster after losing his arm.
In addition to his military career, Browne was also a talented artist and photographer. He was known for his portraits of Indian people and daily life. After retiring from the military, he settled in Ryde, where he continued to work on his art and photography. He also served as a member of parliament for a short time.
Browne passed away in 1901 at the age of 76, leaving behind a legacy as both a distinguished soldier and a talented artist.
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