Famous musicians died when they were 73

Here are 24 famous musicians from the world died at 73:

Emma Jung

Emma Jung (March 30, 1882 Schaffhausen-November 27, 1955 Zürich) also known as Emma Rauschenbach was a Swiss psychoanalyst. Her children are called Agathe Niehus, Gret Baumann, Franz Jung-Merker, Marianne Niehus and Helene Hoerni.

Emma Jung was also the wife and professional partner of the renowned Swiss psychiatrist, Carl Jung. She was born into a wealthy, industrialist family and married Carl in 1903. She was one of the first female psychoanalysts and was actively involved in her husband's research, all while raising five children. Emma's own research focused on the symbolism in fairy tales, and she is well known for her collaboration with her husband on his book, "Man and His Symbols." Emma's role in her husband's work has been acknowledged by many, including Carl himself, who once said, "Without Emma Jung's collaboration, my work would have been impossible."

Emma Jung was also noted for her work in developing the unique system of therapy known as "active imagination". This involved the patient being guided to recall dreams or fantasies, then exploring and interpreting these images under the guidance of the therapist. Through her work with patients using this technique, Emma Jung became increasingly interested in the symbolism found in myths, legends and fairy tales. This led her to develop her own theories on the interpretation of symbols in psychological practice, which were subsequently published in articles and books. Emma Jung was a strong advocate for women's rights, and believed that women had an important role to play in society, both as mothers and as professionals. She was a founding member of the C.G. Jung Institute in Zürich, and worked tirelessly to promote the study and practice of psychoanalysis throughout her life. Emma Jung died in 1955, and is remembered today as a pioneering and influential figure in the field of psychoanalysis.

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Mathew Brady

Mathew Brady (May 18, 1822 Warren County-January 15, 1896 New York City) was an American photographer, journalist and photojournalist.

Mathew Brady is best known for his portraits of American politicians and celebrities, as well as his documentation of the American Civil War. Brady's photographs of the war were some of the first to show the harsh realities of combat and its aftermath. He operated a photographic studio in New York City, where he employed a team of photographers and assistants to help him produce his work. He also created an extensive archive of photographs, many of which are still widely recognized today. Despite his contributions to the field of photography, Brady struggled financially in later life and died in relative obscurity. However, his legacy as a pioneer of photojournalism and a chronicler of American history continues to be celebrated today.

Brady was born in Warren County, New York, to Irish immigrant parents. He grew up in Saratoga County, where he attended school before becoming an apprentice in a jewelry store. In the late 1830s, he moved to New York City to pursue a career in the emerging field of photography. He opened his own studio in 1844 and quickly became popular among New York's elite.

Brady's success allowed him to travel extensively throughout the United States and Europe, where he photographed notable figures such as Abraham Lincoln, Robert E. Lee, and Queen Victoria. During the American Civil War, Brady was granted permission by President Lincoln to document the conflict. He and his team of photographers captured thousands of images that illustrated the harsh realities of war for the first time.

After the war, Brady attempted to publish a book featuring his photographs of the conflict but was ultimately unsuccessful. He was forced to sell his studio and lost much of his money trying to recover the costs associated with his war documentary project. The US Congress did eventually purchase his archive of Civil War images in 1875, but unfortunately, Brady did not live to see the recognition that ultimately came to his work.

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Tughril (April 5, 0990-September 4, 1063 Ray) also known as Togrul was a personality.

Tughril was a Turkic military leader who founded the Seljuk Empire, one of the great empires in Islamic history. He was born on April 5, 990, in the town of Jand in the Samanid Empire (present-day Uzbekistan). Tughril played a crucial role in the revival of Central Asia and the spread of Islam in the region. He rose to prominence as a military commander in the service of the Samanid ruler, Nuh II.

In 1037, Tughril led his Seljuk forces into the Abbasid Caliphate, where he was greeted as a liberator by the people. He defeated the Buyid dynasty and captured the cities of Baghdad and Isfahan. Tughril's conquest of Baghdad marked the beginning of the Seljuk Empire, which would rule over the Middle East for the next two centuries.

As the first sultan of the Seljuk Empire, Tughril was known for his diplomatic skills, military prowess, and patronage of the arts and sciences. He was a devout Muslim and established mosques and madrasas (Islamic schools) throughout his empire. Tughril died on September 4, 1063, in Ray, Iran, and was succeeded by his nephew, Alp Arslan.

During his reign, Tughril maintained good relations with neighboring empires, such as the Ghaznavids and the Byzantines. He also established a strong centralized government and implemented policies that encouraged economic growth and societal development. Under his leadership, the Seljuk Empire became a major cultural and intellectual center, attracting scholars and artists from all over the Islamic world.

Tughril's legacy continued long after his death, as the Seljuk Empire remained a dominant force in the Middle East for several centuries. His military tactics and leadership style were studied and admired by future generations of Muslim leaders, and his contributions to the spread of Islam in Central Asia and beyond earned him a place in Islamic history as one of its greatest rulers.

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Yi Gu

Yi Gu (December 29, 1931 Tokyo-July 16, 2005 Grand Prince Hotel Akasaka) was an American personality.

Yi Gu, whose birth name was Tommy Yi-Gu, was a renowned Chinese-American businessman, philanthropist, and art collector. He was born in Tokyo, Japan, to Chinese parents and grew up in China. In his young age, he worked as an interpreter for the U.S Army during the Korean War.

After graduating from the University of Minnesota with a degree in mechanical engineering, Yi Gu started his career in the automotive industry in Detroit. Later, he became involved in real estate development and investment banking, which contributed to his immense wealth.

Yi Gu was also passionate about collecting Chinese art and artifacts. His collection was recognized as one of the world's most extensive collections of Chinese antiquities, which he generously donated to museums in both the U.S and China.

Besides his business and cultural endeavors, Yi Gu was actively involved in various philanthropic activities. He founded the Yi Gu Foundation, which aimed to promote cultural, educational, and healthcare programs that benefit Chinese Americans.

Yi Gu's contribution to the Chinese-American community and the preservation of Chinese culture earned him numerous awards and recognition throughout his lifetime. His passing was a profound loss to the arts and culture community and the Chinese-American community as a whole.

Yi Gu was also recognized for his efforts to promote U.S-China relations. He served on the board of the National Committee on U.S.-China Relations and was a member of the U.S.-China Business Council.

Yi Gu was not only a successful businessman, but he was also a devoted family man. He married his wife, Sakura, in 1956, and together they had three children. Yi Gu was known for his humility and generosity, and he remained committed to giving back throughout his life.

His legacy continues to inspire future generations of Chinese-Americans to pursue their dreams and make a meaningful impact in their communities. The Yi Gu Foundation, which he established, continues to support various educational and cultural programs that aim to improve the lives of Chinese Americans.

He died caused by myocardial infarction.

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Maurice Costello

Maurice Costello (February 22, 1877 Pittsburgh-October 29, 1950 Hollywood) also known as Maurice George Costello, The Dimpled Darling or Stewart McKerrow was an American actor, film director, screenwriter and vaudeville performer. He had two children, Helene Costello and Dolores Costello.

Maurice Costello began his career in vaudeville as part of a comedy team with his brother. Eventually, he moved to New York City and began working in films during the silent era. He was a star of numerous silent films and was often referred to as "The Dimpled Darling" due to his good looks and charming smile. Costello also directed and wrote several films during his career.

In addition to his work in film, Costello was known for his tumultuous love life. He was married several times and had multiple affairs. He was also known for his excessive spending.

Costello's two daughters, Helene Costello and Dolores Costello, followed in his footsteps to become successful actresses in Hollywood. Dolores starred in silent films and later transitioned to sound films, while Helene specialized in playing villainous roles.

Despite his success, Maurice Costello became less popular as the film industry transitioned to sound films in the 1920s. He struggled to find work and eventually retired from acting. He died in 1950 at the age of 73 due to heart complications.

Costello's legacy in Hollywood is significant because he was one of the first major movie stars during the silent era. His good looks and charming personality made him a favorite among audiences, and he was often compared to other leading men of the time such as Rudolph Valentino and Douglas Fairbanks. Many of his films, however, have been lost due to poor preservation methods during the early 20th century.

In addition to his career in Hollywood, Costello was also a veteran of the Spanish-American War and a member of the Elks Lodge. His personal life was often more interesting than his career, however, and he was known for his turbulent marriages and relationships. Despite his flaws, Maurice Costello remains an important figure in the history of American cinema, and his impact on early Hollywood cannot be overstated.

He died in heart ailment.

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Bernard Budiansky

Bernard Budiansky (March 8, 1925 New York City-January 23, 1999 Lexington) was an American scientist.

He was particularly known for his contributions to the field of applied mechanics, and for his work on the mathematical modeling of materials, structures, and mechanical systems. Budiansky obtained his undergraduate degree from Columbia University and his PhD from Harvard University. After completing his PhD, he joined the faculty at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign where he contributed to the development of the field of biomechanics. In particular, his work on the structure and properties of bone has been widely recognized as influential in the field. After his time at the University of Illinois, he held positions at the University of California, San Diego, and the Johns Hopkins University. Throughout his career, Budiansky received numerous awards and honors, including the Timoshenko Medal and the von Karman Medal from the American Society of Mechanical Engineers, and was elected to the National Academy of Engineering in 1976.

In addition to his contributions to the field of biomechanics, Budiansky was also a well-respected expert in the field of materials science. He is credited with developing mathematical models that helped explain how materials like polymers and composites could be used to make stronger and more durable products. His work on these materials helped pave the way for the development of new technologies in fields ranging from aerospace to consumer products.

Budiansky was also known for his work as a mentor and teacher. Throughout his career, he trained numerous graduate students and postdoctoral researchers who went on to become leaders in their fields. Many of his former students and colleagues have spoken of his generosity and dedication to the pursuit of knowledge.

Outside of his scientific work, Budiansky was an avid musician and art collector. He was also known for his love of travel, and he often incorporated his trips into his research, seeking out new materials, structures, and mechanical systems to study.

Budiansky passed away in 1999 at the age of 73, but his contributions to the fields of applied mechanics, biomechanics, and materials science continue to be felt to this day.

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Pierre Puiseux

Pierre Puiseux (July 20, 1855-September 28, 1928) was a French astronomer.

He was born in Paris, France, and studied at the École Polytechnique and the École des Mines before turning to astronomy. Puiseux served as the director of the Paris Observatory from 1900 to 1926. One of his major contributions to astronomy was the study of comets and their orbits. He also made important contributions to the study of the Moon, Mars, and the planets beyond Neptune. In addition to his astronomical work, Puiseux was an accomplished mathematician and made significant contributions to the field of geometry. He was a member of many scientific societies, including the Royal Astronomical Society and the Académie des sciences. Puiseux passed away in 1928 at the age of 73.

During his tenure as the director of the Paris Observatory, Pierre Puiseux sought to modernize and bring new technology to the observatory. He also created a new department dedicated to the study of astrophysics. Puiseux was a popular professor, and his lectures on astronomy and mathematics were attended by many students. He was respected by his colleagues for his contributions to both astronomy and mathematics.

In addition to his scientific work, Puiseux was also a prolific writer. He authored several books on astronomy, including "Traité d'astronomie fondamentale" and "Théorie des fonctions algébriques et transcendantes". Puiseux also wrote papers on the history of science and mathematics.

Puiseux was married to Valentine Dufraisse, and together they had four children. One of his daughters, Marguerite, would go on to become an astronomer herself. Puiseux was awarded many honors during his lifetime, including the Legion of Honor and the Gold Medal of the Royal Astronomical Society. His contributions to astronomy and mathematics continue to be recognized and celebrated today.

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W. B. Yeats

W. B. Yeats (June 13, 1865 Sandymount-January 28, 1939 Menton) also known as W.B. Yeats, W. B. Yeats, W. B. (William Butler) Yeats, Yeats, William Butler, B. W Yeats or William Butler Yeats was an Irish poet, writer and playwright. He had two children, Anne Yeats and Michael Yeats.

Yeats was born in Sandymount, Dublin, and was educated mainly in London, where he became part of the literary circle of the poets Dante Gabriel Rossetti and William Morris. He founded the Abbey Theatre in Dublin, which became the country's national theater, and served as its director. Yeats was a leading figure of the Irish Literary Revival and played a key role in the revitalization of Irish culture. He won the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1923, becoming the first Irishman to receive the honor. Yeats is widely regarded as one of the greatest poets of the 20th century and was a major influence on modernist poetry. His work often focused on themes of Irish mythology and folklore, and his writing reflects his lifelong search for spiritual and mystical meaning in life. Yeats died in Menton, France, in 1939 and is buried in County Sligo, Ireland, near his beloved home at Thoor Ballylee.

In addition to his achievements in writing and theater, Yeats was also deeply involved in politics. He was a member of the Irish Senate from 1922 to 1928, representing the Irish Free State party. Yeats was a supporter of Irish nationalism and was involved in the Irish War of Independence. He also served as a member of the Irish delegation to the League of Nations in 1923.

Throughout his life, Yeats maintained a lifelong interest in mysticism and the occult, which is reflected in his poetry and plays. He was a member of the Hermetic Order of the Golden Dawn, a secret society that practiced ritual magic, and he drew inspiration for his writing from a wide range of mystical and esoteric traditions.

Today, Yeats is widely regarded as one of the most important literary figures of the 20th century, and his work continues to be studied and celebrated around the world. His influence can be seen in the work of many contemporary poets, and his legacy continues to inspire writers and artists of all kinds.

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José Cardoso Pires

José Cardoso Pires (October 2, 1925-October 26, 1998 Lisbon) also known as Jose Cardoso Pires was a Portuguese writer.

He was born in the village of São João do Peso, Portugal. He later moved to Lisbon to study law, but ended up working in advertising and journalism. Cardoso's involvement in leftist politics during the Salazar dictatorship led to his arrest and imprisonment in 1953, which he would later recount in his book "Ballad of Dogs' Beach and Other Poems."

Cardoso's writing focused mainly on contemporary urban life in Portugal, with works such as "The Devil's Dinner" and "The Balcony of Frangipani" presenting a gritty and realistic portrayal of life in Lisbon. He also wrote several screenplays, including the award-winning "The Conspirators" and "The Princely Tales."

José Cardoso Pires is widely regarded as one of Portugal's greatest modern writers, and his works have been translated into several languages. He received numerous accolades during his lifetime, including the Order of Saint James of the Sword and the Order of Merit. He passed away in 1998 at the age of 73, leaving behind a rich legacy in Portuguese literature.

In addition to his works of fiction, José Cardoso Pires was also known for his contributions to Portuguese cinema. He wrote and directed several films, including "The Green Years" and "The Swordsman," both of which were critically acclaimed. Pires was also a member of the Portuguese Academy of Sciences and the Royal Galician Academy. He was a regular contributor to literary journals and newspapers, and he was highly respected by his peers in the Portuguese literary community. Despite his success, Cardoso Pires remained committed to social justice and advocated for the rights of the working class throughout his life. His impact on Portuguese literature and culture continues to be felt today.

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Malcolm R. Patterson

Malcolm R. Patterson (June 8, 1861 Somerville-March 8, 1935 Sarasota) a.k.a. Malcolm Patterson was an American lawyer.

He served as the 33rd Governor of Tennessee from 1907 to 1911 and subsequently as a United States Senator from Tennessee from 1913 to 1919. Patterson was a member of the Democratic Party and was known for his progressive views, particularly on issues such as women's suffrage and labor reform. Prior to his political career, he practiced law in Memphis, Tennessee and was involved in several high-profile cases, including defending a man accused of the murder of former Tennessee Governor William "Parson" Brownlow. Patterson was also an advocate for education, helping to establish the University of Memphis (then known as West Tennessee State Normal School) during his time as governor.

During his time as governor, Malcolm Patterson accomplished several key initiatives for the state of Tennessee. He worked to improve the state's infrastructure, including the construction of more than 1,200 miles of new roads and highways, and he also supported legislation to create a state railroad commission to regulate railway companies operating in the state. Additionally, he was instrumental in securing funding for the construction of new buildings at the University of Tennessee, which had recently suffered from a devastating fire.

In the U.S. Senate, Patterson continued to champion progressive causes, such as advocating for an eight-hour workday and supporting the establishment of a federal child labor law. He was also a strong supporter of President Woodrow Wilson's efforts to pass the 19th Amendment, which granted women the right to vote.

After leaving politics, Patterson retired to Sarasota, Florida, where he continued to be involved in civic affairs. He served as president of the Sarasota Chamber of Commerce and helped to bring several new businesses and industries to the area. Patterson died in Sarasota in 1935 at the age of 73.

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Joe L. Evins

Joe L. Evins (October 24, 1910 DeKalb County-March 31, 1984 Nashville) also known as Joe Evins was an American personality.

He was a lawyer, politician and member of the US House of Representatives from Tennessee. Evins was a Democrat, initially elected in 1946 and served in the House for 32 years. He was a staunch supporter of the tobacco industry and also represented the interests of the Tennessee Valley Authority. He served on the House Appropriations Committee and was the chairman of the House Committee on Government Operations. Evins was also a strong advocate for rural development and supported the creation of the Rural Electrification Administration to bring electricity to rural areas. After retiring from politics, Evins returned to practicing law in Nashville, where he passed away in 1984 at the age of 73.

During his time in Congress, Joe L. Evins was known for his work in preserving the American South's heritage and culture. In the 1960s, he was a key figure in the establishment of the National Endowment for the Arts, which provides funding for art programs and initiatives throughout the country. Evins was a deeply respected member of Congress, known for his commitment to bipartisanship and his ability to work across the aisle to get things done. Throughout his career, he worked tirelessly to improve the lives of his constituents and strengthen the economy of the state of Tennessee. Even after his retirement, his legacy continued to influence politics in Tennessee and across the country. Today, Joe L. Evins is remembered as a dedicated public servant who worked tirelessly to improve the lives of everyone he represented.

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Xavier Martínez

Xavier Martínez (February 7, 1869 Guadalajara-January 13, 1943 Carmel-by-the-Sea) was an American artist and visual artist.

He was best known for his paintings, particularly his landscapes which were influenced by the California Impressionists. Martinez was also a skilled woodblock printmaker, and his prints often depicted scenes of everyday life in Mexico and California.

Martinez spent his early years in Mexico before eventually moving to San Francisco in 1890 to study at the California School of Fine Arts. He later went to Paris to further his art education and was influenced by the works of Paul Gauguin and Vincent Van Gogh.

Throughout his career, Martinez exhibited his artwork at various galleries and museums in California and beyond. He also taught art at several schools, including the California School of Fine Arts and the California College of Arts and Crafts.

Today, Martinez's artwork can be found in many collections, including the Crocker Art Museum, the Oakland Museum of California, and the Whitney Museum of American Art.

Martinez was also a prolific writer and wrote articles about art and culture for various publications. He was a member of the Bohemian Club, a private club for artists and writers in San Francisco, and was an active participant in the city's art scene.

Along with his artistic and literary pursuits, Martinez was also involved in political activism. He was a member of the Mexican Progressive Association, which worked to promote the rights of Mexican immigrants in the United States.

Martinez's legacy as an artist and cultural figure continues to be celebrated today. In 1983, a retrospective of his work was held at the Oakland Museum of California, and in 2011 he was included in the exhibition "Pacific Standard Time: Art in L.A. 1945-1980" at the Getty Center in Los Angeles.

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Antoine Bibesco

Antoine Bibesco (July 19, 1878 Paris-September 1, 1951) otherwise known as Prince Antoine Bibesco (1878-1951) or Prince Antoine Bibesco was a Romanian writer and diplomat.

He was born into an illustrious family of aristocrats and educated in France and England. Bibesco became known for his poetry, plays, and novels, several of which were originally written in French. He was also an accomplished art critic and collector, and was known for his contributions to the French cultural scene.

As a diplomat, Bibesco served in several posts including ambassador to Germany and the United Kingdom. During World War II, he was a vocal opponent of the Nazi regime and was praised for his efforts to protect and assist refugees fleeing persecution. After the war, he continued to promote Franco-British relations and was a key figure in the establishment of the European Cultural Foundation.

Bibesco was also a friend and supporter of many notable artists and intellectuals of his time, including Marcel Proust, Jean Cocteau, and Anaïs Nin. His legacy as a writer and cultural figure continues to be celebrated today, particularly in Romania and France.

In addition to his diplomatic and literary pursuits, Antoine Bibesco was also a polyglot, fluent in several languages including French, English, Romanian, Italian, and German. He was known for his wit and charm, and his social circle included many prominent figures of the era such as the Duke and Duchess of Windsor, Coco Chanel, and Princess Margaret of Sweden. Bibesco was married twice, first to American heiress Elizabeth Wharton Drexel and later to Princess Irene of Greece and Denmark. He had one daughter with his first wife, who tragically passed away at a young age.

Bibesco's literary works were largely inspired by his travels and experiences, and often explored themes of love, passion, and society. Some of his most famous works include the poetry collections Amants et voleurs (Lovers and Thieves) and Le Parcours amoureux (The Love Journey), as well as the novels L'Envers de la Lune (The Other Side of the Moon) and Les Isles de la lune (The Isles of the Moon). Despite his success as a writer, Bibesco's diplomatic career remained his primary focus throughout much of his life, and he saw his literary pursuits as more of a hobby than a profession.

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Jessie White Mario

Jessie White Mario (May 9, 1832-March 5, 1906) was a British writer, nurse and journalist.

She is best known for her work in the field of nursing, particularly during the American Civil War. She later went on to become a prominent journalist, writing for several newspapers and magazines in both the United Kingdom and the United States. In addition to her work as a writer and nurse, Mario was also involved in the women’s suffrage movement and was a vocal supporter of women’s rights. She wrote several books on these topics, including “Woman's Workshop: An Account of the Women's Cooperative Guild and Its Activities” and “A Daughter of New France: With Some Account of the Gallant Sieur Cadillac and His Colony on the Detroit.” Jessie White Mario's contributions to nursing, journalism and women’s rights have had a lasting impact and her legacy lives on today.

As a nurse, Jessie White Mario is also known for her influential book "Hospital Pencillings", where she shares her experiences and observations of nursing during the Civil War. Her writing was praised for its detail and accuracy, giving readers a firsthand look at the challenges faced by nurses during that time. Mario's work helped pave the way for better nursing practices and improved healthcare for soldiers and civilians alike. In addition to her writing, she also worked as a nurse in London's East End, where she provided care for the poor and underserved. Her compassion and dedication to nursing has made her an inspiration to many in the nursing profession.

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Alexandre Pierre François Boëly

Alexandre Pierre François Boëly (April 19, 1785 Paris-December 27, 1858 Paris) otherwise known as Alexandre Pierre Francois Boely or Boëly, Alexandre Pierre François was a French personality.

He was a renowned composer, pianist, and organist of the Romantic era. At a young age, Boëly displayed a talent for music and was trained by leading music figures of his time.

In addition to his musical pursuits, Boëly was also a skilled painter and achieved recognition for his artwork. He worked as a music teacher and held various positions as an organist at churches in Paris.

Boëly's compositions were influenced by the works of J.S. Bach, whom he greatly admired. He is best known for his extensive collection of organ music, ranging from intricate fugues to solemn hymns.

Despite his considerable talent, Boëly never achieved the level of success he deserved and suffered financial hardship throughout his life. Nonetheless, his contributions to classical music have left a lasting legacy, and his compositions continue to be enjoyed by music enthusiasts worldwide.

Boëly’s musical career began as a pianist in Paris, where he made his first public appearance at the age of 14. He soon developed proficiency in other instruments such as the organ, the harp, and the cello. Boëly composed his first symphony at the age of 18, which was performed in a public concert in 1804. He went on to compose a significant number of works throughout his life, including chamber music, choral music, and piano music.

Boëly was appointed as the principal organist at the Saint-Germain-l'Auxerrois church in Paris in 1811, a position he held for more than 30 years. He was also involved in the restoration of pipe organs at the church during this time. Boëly's reputation as an organist grew, and he was often invited to perform at various churches and cathedrals throughout France.

Apart from his music career, Boëly was also an accomplished artist, and his paintings were exhibited at the Paris Salon. He was a member of the Société des Beaux-Arts in Paris and exhibited his works regularly.

Boëly's health began to deteriorate in the 1850s, and he died in Paris in 1858 at the age of 73. His contributions to classical music were not fully recognized during his lifetime, but his music has gained popularity in the modern era, with many recordings and performances of his works.

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Alvin Adams

Alvin Adams (June 16, 1804 Andover-September 1, 1877 Watertown) was an American businessperson.

He was the founder of Adams and Company, which later became the Adams Express Company, one of the largest and most successful express delivery companies in the United States during the mid-19th century. Adams started the company at the age of 23 with just $600 and a handful of clients. He quickly expanded the business by building relationships with other companies, such as railroad and steamship companies, to transport packages and letters across the country.

Adams was also a philanthropist and gave generously to the community. In 1851, he helped establish the Mount Auburn Hospital in Cambridge, Massachusetts, which became one of the most respected hospitals in the country. He also served as the first president of the Boston YMCA and was involved with various other charitable organizations throughout his life.

Adams was known for his integrity and dedication to his work, and his success in the express delivery industry helped pave the way for the growth of modern-day package delivery services. He remained active in business until his death in 1877, leaving behind a legacy of entrepreneurship and philanthropy.

Adams was born in Andover, Massachusetts, and grew up as one of seven children in a farming family. Despite not having a formal education, he was a quick learner and showed an aptitude for math and business at an early age. After working as a clerk in a local store, he moved to Boston in 1831 and started his own business as a commission merchant. Adams's business suffered during the Panic of 1837, which led him to take up the idea of an express delivery service.

Adams built his company on the principles of efficiency, speed, and reliability. He personally oversaw the transportation of goods and ensured that they arrived at their destination in a timely and secure manner. His dedication to customer service and his willingness to go the extra mile for his clients helped him build a loyal following, which in turn helped him expand his operations.

Adams's success did not come without challenges, however. He faced competition from other express companies, and he had to deal with the logistical challenges of delivering goods across vast distances in a time when railroads did not yet exist. Nevertheless, Adams persevered and continued to innovate his business, introducing new technologies like the telegraph and the steamship into his operations.

Adams's legacy lives on in the Adams Express Company, which he founded and which eventually merged with other express companies to form American Express. His contributions to the express delivery industry helped transform it into the efficient and reliable service that we know today.

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Walter Gage

Walter Gage (March 5, 1905 Vancouver-October 3, 1978 Vancouver) was a Canadian mathematician.

He received his BA from the University of British Columbia in 1926, and his MA from the University of Toronto in 1927. Gage then went to the University of Cambridge, where he completed his PhD in 1931 under the supervision of G.H. Hardy. He returned to Canada and taught at the University of Toronto and the University of British Columbia, where he eventually became head of the Department of Mathematics. Gage was known for his research in number theory and for his contributions to mathematics education in Canada. He was also an advocate for the arts and was instrumental in establishing the Walter C. Koerner Library at UBC, named in honor of his friend and philanthropist Walter C. Koerner.

In addition to his academic pursuits, Walter Gage was also a leader and advocate for campus life and extracurricular activities. He believed that participation in athletics, cultural events, and social activities were important for developing well-rounded individuals. He was a key figure in the establishment of student housing and the construction of the War Memorial Gymnasium at UBC. He also served as the president of the UBC Alma Mater Society, the university's largest student organization, and was involved in numerous other clubs and societies. In recognition of his contributions to the university community, the Walter Gage Residence at UBC was named in his honor. The residence is home to over 600 students and is known for its vibrant community and active student life. Walter Gage passed away in 1978, but his legacy lives on through his contributions to mathematics, education, and campus life at the University of British Columbia.

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Giovanni Matteo Mario

Giovanni Matteo Mario (October 18, 1810 Cagliari-December 11, 1883) was an Italian opera singer. He had one child, Cecilia Maria de Candia.

Giovanni Matteo Mario began his career as a tenor in 1838 at the Teatro dei Fiorentini in Naples with the opera "Marianne" by Pietro Generali. He soon became recognized as one of the greatest tenors of his time with his powerful voice and superb acting skills. He performed in many famous operas, such as "Lucia di Lammermoor" by Donizetti and "Il Trovatore" by Verdi.

Mario was also known for his collaborations with other great opera singers of the time, including Maria Malibran and Adelina Patti. He travelled extensively throughout Europe and the United States, performing for royalty and wealthy patrons.

In addition to his successful career as a singer, Mario was also a devoted husband and father. He married the Italian opera singer Giulia Grisi in 1836, and they performed together on many occasions. Their daughter, Cecilia Maria de Candia, was also a successful opera singer.

Mario retired from the stage in 1867 and spent his later years teaching and mentoring young singers. He died in Rome in 1883, leaving behind a legacy as one of the most renowned tenors of the 19th century.

Mario's popularity was not only limited to his incredible vocal skills, but also to his good looks and charming personality. He was often referred to as the "gentleman tenor," and was admired by many famous artists and composers of his time, including Chopin and Berlioz.

Throughout his career, Mario was a pioneer in the development of the so-called "bel canto" style of singing, which emphasized the beauty and purity of the voice. He was also known for his ability to convey great emotion through his performances, which often left audiences breathless.

Mario's legacy continued long after his death, with many of his recordings and performances being celebrated by opera fans around the world. Today, he is remembered as one of the most influential tenors of the 19th century, who helped shape the course of opera and the art of singing itself.

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Richard Temple, 1st Viscount Cobham

Richard Temple, 1st Viscount Cobham (October 24, 1675-September 14, 1749 Stowe House) was a British personality.

He was a prominent military figure and statesman, serving as a Member of Parliament and later as Master General of the Ordnance. Temple was also a close friend of the Duke of Marlborough and played a key role in the War of the Spanish Succession. In recognition of his services, he was raised to the peerage as Viscount Cobham in 1749. Temple was also a keen gardener and landscaper, and is credited with designing and creating the stunning gardens at Stowe House, his family's ancestral home in Buckinghamshire. His legacy in gardening and landscape design continues to influence modern landscape architecture.

Viscount Cobham was born in Berkshire, England to Sir Richard Temple, 3rd Baronet and his wife Hester. He was educated at Eton College and later at Christ Church, Oxford. In 1694, he joined the army and quickly rose through the ranks, serving in several battles and campaigns, including the Battle of Blenheim in 1704, where he was wounded. After the war, he became involved in politics and was elected to Parliament, where he was a member for over 40 years. As Master General of the Ordnance, he was responsible for the administration of the British army's artillery and munitions.

Viscount Cobham was known for his generosity and philanthropy. He supported several charitable causes, including the building of hospitals and the relief of impoverished soldiers and their families. He was also a founding member of the Society of Dilettanti, a group of British noblemen with an interest in archaeology, art, and antiquities.

In addition to his contributions to gardening and landscape design, Viscount Cobham was also a noted collector of art and artifacts. His collection included paintings, sculptures, and ancient Roman and Greek artifacts, many of which are now housed in British museums.

Viscount Cobham was married twice and had several children. He died in 1749 at Stowe House and was succeeded by his eldest son, who became the 2nd Viscount Cobham. His legacy as a military leader, politician, gardener, and philanthropist has continued to inspire generations of people.

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Pedro Albizu Campos

Pedro Albizu Campos (September 12, 1891 Ponce-April 21, 1965 San Juan) was an American personality.

Pedro Albizu Campos was a Puerto Rican lawyer and politician, who is best known for being a leading figure in the Puerto Rican Independence movement. He was the president and spokesperson of the Puerto Rican Nationalist Party from 1930 until his death in 1965. Albizu Campos was a strong advocate for the independence of Puerto Rico from the United States, and he was imprisoned several times for his political activities. He was also an accomplished academic, and earned degrees from both Harvard University and the University of Paris. Throughout his career, Albizu Campos remained a controversial and divisive figure, with some viewing him as a hero and others as a radical extremist.

In addition to his political activism, Pedro Albizu Campos was also a respected scholar and linguist. He was fluent in Spanish, English, French, German, and Portuguese, and was known for his work in promoting the use of the Spanish language in Puerto Rico. He was also a strong advocate for education, and helped establish the University of Puerto Rico in 1903. Albizu Campos served as a professor and dean at the university, and played a major role in shaping the curriculum and academic standards. Despite facing numerous obstacles in his political and academic career, Albizu Campos remained committed to his beliefs and fought tirelessly for Puerto Rican independence until his death in 1965. His legacy continues to inspire and influence activists and leaders in Puerto Rico and beyond.

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Andrew Stevenson

Andrew Stevenson (January 21, 1784 Culpeper County-January 25, 1857 Albemarle County) was an American lawyer and politician. He had one child, John W. Stevenson.

Stevenson began his career as a lawyer in Virginia and was elected to the Virginia House of Delegates in 1816, where he served for several years. He later became a member of the U.S. House of Representatives, serving from 1821 until 1834. During his tenure in Congress, he was known for his strong support of Thomas Jefferson and his advocacy for states' rights.

In addition to his political career, Stevenson was also an influential figure in the legal profession. He served as a judge on the Virginia Court of Appeals and was instrumental in creating the Virginia State Bar Association.

Stevenson's legacy is still felt today in Virginia, where a memorial honoring him stands on the grounds of the Albemarle County Courthouse. Additionally, the Andrew Stevenson Prize, awarded annually by the Virginia State Bar Foundation, recognizes outstanding contributions to the legal profession in Virginia.

Following his political career, Stevenson was appointed as the Minister to the United Kingdom by President Andrew Jackson in 1836. He served in this role until 1841, during which time he played a key role in the negotiation of the Webster-Ashburton Treaty, which helped define the Maine-Canada border. Stevenson was well-regarded during his time in the UK, where he became friends with Queen Victoria and Prince Albert. After his return to the United States, Stevenson retired from politics and focused on his legal career. He continued to practice law until his death in 1857. Stevenson's contributions to both the legal and political realms helped shape the course of Virginia's history, and his impact is still felt today.

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John Drew, Jr.

John Drew, Jr. (November 13, 1853 Philadelphia-July 9, 1927 San Francisco) a.k.a. John Drew was an American actor.

Drew came from a family of actors - his parents, grandparents, and siblings were all involved in the theater. He made his stage debut at the age of 14 and quickly gained recognition for his talent. Drew was known for his comedic roles and physical comedy skills, and he became a popular leading man in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. He appeared in numerous productions on Broadway, including "The Idler," "The Squire of Dames," and "The Liars." He also had a successful career in London's West End.

In addition to his stage work, Drew also appeared in several silent films, including "The Devil-Stone" and "The Great Love." He retired from acting in 1916 and became a theater manager, but returned briefly to the stage in the 1920s. Drew was known for his generous spirit and was beloved by both audiences and fellow actors. He was inducted into the American Theatre Hall of Fame in 1972.

Drew was especially known for his performances in the plays of William Shakespeare, and was considered one of the greatest Shakespearean actors of his time. He played Hamlet, Romeo, and other iconic roles throughout his career, often bringing a unique comedic twist to these tragic characters. One of his most famous performances was in the play "As You Like It," in which he played the lead role of Orlando. Drew's contributions to American theater were significant, and he was widely regarded as a major figure in the development of modern theater in the United States. Drew's legacy continued through his family, as his children and grandchildren also became successful actors and performers.

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Carl Buchheister

Carl Buchheister (October 17, 1890 Hanover-February 2, 1964 Hanover) was a German personality.

He was a painter and a graphic designer who was associated with the Constructivist and Concrete Art movements. Buchheister's work featured geometric abstraction and non-representational forms that were influenced by his interest in mathematics and architecture. He was also well-known for his teaching and mentoring of other artists, including many important figures in the post-war German art scene, such as Josef Albers and Max Bill. Additionally, Buchheister was a member of the influential De Stijl group, founded in the Netherlands, and was an important figure in the development of 20th century abstract art.

Buchheister studied at the Kunstgewerbeakademie in Hanover, and later at the Academy of Fine Arts in Berlin, where he was exposed to the art of the Russian Constructivists. He began creating his own geometric and abstract works in the late 1910s and early 1920s, and became a member of the Arbeitsrat für Kunst (Workers' Council for Art) during the German Revolution of 1918-1919.

In the 1920s, Buchheister exhibited his work in several exhibitions throughout Germany, including the influential "First International Exhibition of Modern Decorative and Industrial Arts" in 1925. He also designed sets and costumes for several theater productions during this time.

During the Nazi regime, Buchheister's work was deemed "degenerate" and he was forced to cease his artistic activities. However, after World War II, he resumed his artistic career, and in 1951 he was appointed professor at the Staatliche Hochschule für Bildende Künste in Hamburg, where he taught until his retirement in 1955.

Today, Buchheister's works can be found in many major museum collections around the world, including the Museum of Modern Art in New York and the Stedelijk Museum in Amsterdam. His contributions to the development of geometric abstraction and Concrete Art continue to be recognized as important and influential in the history of modern art.

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Warren T. McCray

Warren T. McCray (February 4, 1865 Brook-December 19, 1938 Kentland) otherwise known as Warren McCray was an American personality.

He was the 35th Governor of Indiana, serving from 1921 to 1924. McCray was also known for his advocacy of the Ku Klux Klan, which led to controversy during his time in office. Prior to his political career, he was a successful businessman and owned several banks and newspapers. McCray was also involved in philanthropic work, establishing a fund to provide financial assistance to Indiana students attending college.

Furthermore, Warren McCray played a significant role in the growth of the Republican Party in Indiana. He served as the Indiana State Auditor from 1917 to 1921 and was the Republican nominee for Governor in 1920. His campaign was supported by the Ku Klux Klan, which he later joined and became a high-ranking member of. Despite the controversy, McCray's administration saw several achievements, including the implementation of a state highway system and the expansion of public welfare programs. After leaving office, McCray resumed his business ventures and continued his philanthropic works.

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