French musicians who were born in 1914

Here are 6 famous musicians from France were born in 1914:

Marguerite Duras

Marguerite Duras (April 4, 1914 Ho Chi Minh City-March 3, 1996 Paris) also known as Marguerite Donnadieu, Ms. Duras or Marguerite Germaine Marie Donnadieu was a French writer, novelist, screenwriter, film director and actor. She had one child, Jean Mascolo.

Marguerite Duras grew up in Southeast Asia and then moved to France to study law and politics at the University of Paris. She worked as a secretary and then as a journalist before beginning her writing career. Her writing style was characterized by a spare and elliptical prose that often dealt with themes of love, loss, memory and sexuality. Some of her most famous works include "The Lover," "Moderato Cantabile," and "Hiroshima mon amour," which she wrote the screenplay for.

As a filmmaker, Duras directed several films, including "India Song" and "The Truck," which were both highly acclaimed. She also acted in a number of films, including "Hiroshima mon amour" and "Nathalie Granger."

Duras was a highly influential figure in French culture, known for her experimental and avant-garde approach to writing and film-making. She won numerous awards for her work, including the Prix Goncourt for "The Lover" in 1984. Duras continued to write and publish until her death in 1996.

In addition to her prolific career as a writer and filmmaker, Marguerite Duras was also an active member of the French Resistance during World War II. Along with her husband, Robert Antelme, she participated in underground activities and was eventually arrested and sent to a concentration camp. Her experiences during this time influenced much of her later work, including her memoir "La Douleur" (The Pain) which recounts her time in the concentration camp.

Duras was also a political activist and aligned herself with left-wing politics. She was a member of the French Communist Party for a time but later distanced herself from the party due to ideological differences.

Despite her controversial political views, Duras remained a beloved and influential figure in French culture. In addition to her numerous awards, she was also awarded the Legion of Honour, France's highest order of merit, for her contributions to literature and the arts. Today, she is remembered as one of France's most innovative and unconventional artists, whose work continues to inspire new generations of writers and filmmakers.

Duras' personal life was marked by tragedies, including a difficult relationship with her mother and the death of her husband in 1990. She also struggled with alcoholism and was open about her struggles with addiction in her later years. Despite these challenges, Duras remained dedicated to her work and continued to push the boundaries of literature and film.

In addition to her published works and films, Duras was also known for her public speaking engagements and political activism. She was a vocal advocate for women's rights and often spoke out against societal norms and expectations.

Marguerite Duras' legacy continues to be celebrated around the world. Her works have been translated into multiple languages and adapted for film and stage productions. Her unique voice and perspective continue to inspire artists and thinkers in a wide range of fields.

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Louis de Funès

Louis de Funès (July 31, 1914 Courbevoie-January 27, 1983 Nantes) also known as Louis de Funes, Fufu, Louis Germain de Funès de Galarza, Louis Germain David de Funès de Galarza, De Funes, L. de Funès, de Funès or the man with the forty faces per minute was a French actor, screenwriter, pianist, film director, comedian and voice actor. He had three children, Daniel Charles Louis de Funès de Galarza, Olivier de Funès and Patrick Charles de Funès de Galarza.

His albums include Louis de Funès, Volume 2 : Pouic-pouic / Le grand restaurant / Le petit baigneur / Le tatoué / Sur un arbre perché / Les aventures de Rabbi Jacob / L'aile ou la cuisse / La zizanie / L'avare / La grosse valse.

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Francine Faure

Francine Faure (December 6, 1914 Oran-December 24, 1979) was a French mathematician. She had two children, Catherine Camus and Jean Camus.

Francine Faure completed her studies at the prestigious École normale supérieure de jeunes filles in 1938. She was among the first women to enter this institution, which until then was exclusively reserved for men. She continued her studies at the Sorbonne, where she earned her doctorate in mathematics in 1945. Her research was mainly focused on algebraic topology and topology of manifolds. She contributed significantly towards the study of homology, cohomology and differential forms on manifolds.

In 1945, Faure became a professor at the University of Rennes, where she taught until 1965. She was subsequently appointed as the first female professor at the University of Paris-Nanterre, where she remained until her retirement in 1979. In addition to her academic work, Faure was highly engaged in promoting gender equality in education and scientific research. She served as president of the French Association of University Women from 1967 to 1970.

Faure was also a member of numerous national and international mathematical organizations. She was awarded the Silver Medal of the National Center for Scientific Research in 1968 and was made a Knight of the Legion of Honor in 1971. Today, Francine Faure is remembered as a pioneer for women in mathematics and a highly respected researcher in the field.

During her time at the University of Rennes, Francine Faure held the position of Dean of the Faculty of Sciences, making her the first woman to occupy such a role in a French university. She was also the first woman to be appointed to the Mathematical Sciences Committee of the French National Center for Scientific Research. In addition to her groundbreaking work in mathematics and her advocacy for women's rights, Faure was also an advocate for peace and nuclear disarmament. She was a member of the Executive Committee of the World Council of Peace and a member of the scientific committee of the World Congress against the Bomb. Faure died on December 24, 1979, at the age of 65. In her honor, a lecture series in mathematics was established in her name at the University of Rennes.

Faure's contributions to mathematics were significant and lasting, particularly in the realm of algebraic topology. She was especially interested in the connection between topology and differential geometry, an area in which she made important contributions. She also wrote several influential papers on the theory of cohomology for singular spaces, which have been widely cited in subsequent research.

In addition to her research, Faure was known as an excellent teacher and mentor to her students. Many of her former students went on to pursue successful careers in mathematics and related fields. She was also deeply committed to promoting equal opportunities for women in academia and beyond, and worked tirelessly to overcome the many obstacles faced by women in the field of mathematics.

Today, Francine Faure is recognized as a trailblazer and a role model for women in mathematics. Her legacy continues to inspire and motivate new generations of mathematicians, and her pioneering work has paved the way for many more women to enter the field and make their own contributions.

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Luis Mariano

Luis Mariano (August 13, 1914 Irun-July 14, 1970 Paris) also known as Mariano, Luis or Mariano Eusebio González y García was a French singer.

His albums include 20 chansons d'or, Luis Mariano, XXVème anniversaire: Le Prince de lumière, Luis Mariano, and .

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Paul Tortelier

Paul Tortelier (March 21, 1914 Paris-December 18, 1990) also known as Tortelier, Paul was a French cellist and composer. His child is Yan Pascal Tortelier.

His discography includes: Cello Concerto / Variations on a Rococo Theme, Cellokonzerte, Cello Suites, French Connections, Cello Concerto No. 1 etc, Dvořák: Cello Concerto / Brahms: Double Concerto, Les 6 Suites pour violoncello, Cello Concertos, Beethoven: Triple Concerto / Brahms: Double Concerto and Paul Tortelier Plays and Conducts.

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Julio Cortázar

Julio Cortázar (August 26, 1914 Ixelles-February 12, 1984 Paris) also known as Julio Cortazar, Julio Denis, Jules Florencio Cortázar, Cortazar or Julio Florencio Cortázar was a French writer, translator, novelist, screenwriter, teacher and poet.

His albums include .

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