Here are 26 famous musicians from France died at 80:
Henri Grégoire (December 4, 1750 Lorraine-May 20, 1831 Paris) also known as Henri Gregoire was a French personality.
He was a Catholic priest, bishop, and theologian who opposed slavery and advocated for the civil rights of marginalized groups, including Jews and people of color. He played an influential role in the French Revolution, serving as a member of the National Convention and later the Council of Five Hundred. Grégoire was an important figure in the abolitionist movement and was instrumental in the outlawing of slavery in France and its territories. He was also a pioneer in the fight for the recognition of the rights of women and became known as the "Father of Human Rights" for his dedication to this cause. Grégoire was a prolific writer and published numerous works on theology, philosophy, and politics. Despite facing persecution and exile during the Revolution due to his political and social advocacy, he remained committed to his principles and continued to fight for justice throughout his life.
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Georges Charpy (September 1, 1865 Oullins-November 25, 1945 Paris) was a French scientist.
He is best known for his contributions to the field of materials science, particularly his work on the study of the mechanical properties of materials. Charpy is credited with developing the Charpy impact test, a standardized test used to measure the toughness and impact strength of materials.
Charpy received his education from the École Normale Supérieure in Paris and later became a professor at the École Polytechnique. He was also a member of the French Academy of Sciences and served as the president of the International Institute of Welding.
In addition to his work in materials science, Charpy made significant contributions to the study of radioactivity and the behavior of metals at high temperatures. He authored over 100 scientific papers throughout his career.
Charpy's impact test has become widely used in engineering and materials science fields around the world and is still used today. His contributions to the advancement of materials science have made a lasting impact on the field, earning him recognition as one of the most influential scientists in French history.
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Adrien-Marie Legendre (September 18, 1752 Paris-January 10, 1833 Paris) a.k.a. A. M. Legendre was a French mathematician.
He made significant contributions to the fields of number theory, calculus, and statistics. He is most famously known for his work on the Law of Quadratic Reciprocity, which is a theorem in number theory that is widely used today. Legendre also proposed the Legendre transformation in calculus and played a crucial role in developing the method of least squares in statistics. He was a member of the French Academy of Sciences and was recognized with numerous awards and honors throughout his lifetime for his outstanding work in mathematics.
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Anatole France (April 16, 1844 Paris-October 12, 1924 Saint-Cyr-sur-Loire) also known as Jacques Anatole Francis Thibault, Jacques-Anatole-François Thibault or François-Anatole Thibault was a French novelist, journalist, poet and writer. He had one child, Suzanne France.
France was known for his wit and satirical approach to social and political issues in his writing. He won the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1921, primarily for his work "La Vie en Flower" (The Revolt of the Angels). France's other notable works include "Penguin Island," "The Gods are Athirst," "The Crime of Sylvestre Bonnard," and "The Red Lily." He was a member of the prestigious Académie française (French Academy) and served as its president from 1908 to 1918. France was also a prominent supporter of the Dreyfus Affair, a political scandal that divided France in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. In addition to his writing, France was a passionate advocate for animal rights and often used his platform to speak out against animal cruelty.
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Jean-Baptiste-Siméon Chardin (November 2, 1699 Paris-December 6, 1779 Paris) a.k.a. Jean-Baptiste-Simeon Chardin was a French artist, painter and visual artist.
Chardin was best known for his still-life paintings that depicted everyday objects, such as kitchen utensils, food, and flowers. He also created genre paintings that portrayed the daily lives of working-class people, often in a humble and sympathetic manner.
Chardin grew up in a family of artisans and began his artistic career as an apprentice to a cabinetmaker. However, he soon turned to painting and became a student of the famous French painter, Jean-Baptiste van Loo.
In 1728, Chardin was admitted to the prestigious Royal Academy of Painting and Sculpture in Paris, where he received numerous commissions for his work. He gained a reputation for his skillful depiction of light and texture, and his paintings were highly sought-after by collectors.
Despite his success, Chardin remained a modest and humble artist throughout his life. He continued to paint until his death in 1779, leaving behind a distinguished body of work that remains highly influential in the world of art.
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Jacques Lacan (April 13, 1901 Paris-September 9, 1981 Paris) also known as Jacques Marie Émile Lacan was a French philosopher, psychoanalyst and psychiatrist. He had four children, Judith Miller, Thibaut Lacan, Sibylle Lacan and Caroline Lacan.
Lacan is known for developing the field of psychoanalysis known as "Lacanian psychoanalysis". His theories and writings have been influential in the fields of psychology, philosophy, literary theory, and cultural studies. Lacan studied medicine and psychiatry, and some of his most notable works include "The Mirror Stage as Formative of the Function of the I" and "The Four Fundamental Concepts of Psychoanalysis". He also founded the École Freudienne de Paris in 1964, which became a major center for psychoanalytic thought and practice. Despite his controversial views, Lacan remains a major figure in the history of psychoanalysis and a significant contributor to modern thought.
He died caused by colorectal cancer.
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Jean Richard (April 18, 1921 Bessines-December 12, 2001 Senlis) otherwise known as Richard was a French actor. He had two children, Élisabeth Richard and Jean-Pierre Richard.
After studying acting in Paris, Jean Richard made his stage debut in 1941. He then went on to act in several successful French films, including "Le Salaire de la Peur" ("The Wages of Fear") in 1953 and "Les Misérables" in 1958. However, Richard was most well-known for his work on television. He starred in a number of popular French TV shows, including "Les Cinq Dernières Minutes" and "Les Enquêtes du Commissaire Maigret," in which he played the titular character. Richard was also heavily involved in the theatre scene throughout his career, both as an actor and as the director of the Théâtre des Variétés in Paris. He was awarded the Legion of Honour in 1986 for his contributions to French culture.
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Pierre-Joseph Redouté (July 10, 1759 Saint-Hubert, Belgium-June 19, 1840 Paris) a.k.a. Pierre-Joseph Redoute was a French personality.
He was a botanist and painter, known for his exquisite watercolor paintings of flowers. Redouté was a royal artist for Queen Marie-Antoinette and later worked for Empress Josephine, the wife of Napoleon Bonaparte. He is best known for his botanical illustrations in the books "Les Liliacées" and "Les Roses", which are still considered masterpieces of botanical art. Redouté's work was highly influential in the world of botany and art and he is often referred to as the "Raphael of flowers".
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Jules Amédée Barbey d'Aurevilly (November 2, 1808 Saint-Sauveur-le-Vicomte-April 23, 1889 Paris) also known as Jules Amedee Barbey d'Aurevilly, Jules Barbey d'Aurevilly, Barbey d'Aureville or Jules-Amédée Barbey d'Aurevilly was a French novelist and writer.
Barbey d'Aurevilly was born to a wealthy aristocratic family and grew up in a chateau in Normandy. He studied law in Caen and then moved to Paris to pursue a literary career. His first book, a collection of poems, was published in 1830, but he is best known for his novels and short stories which blend Gothic fiction, romanticism, and decadence.
Barbey d'Aurevilly was an influential figure in French literature in the mid-nineteenth century and was admired by writers such as Baudelaire, Flaubert, and Maupassant. His work has been translated into English and other languages, and he continues to be read and studied today.
In addition to his writing, Barbey d'Aurevilly was also known for his controversial opinions and his extravagant lifestyle. He was a devout Catholic and a royalist, and he often expressed his views in his writing and in public. He dressed in a flamboyant style and was known for his love of gambling, which led him to accumulate large debts.
Barbey d'Aurevilly never married and had no children. He died in Paris in 1889 at the age of 80.
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Pierre Laromiguière (November 3, 1756-August 12, 1837 Paris) otherwise known as Pierre Laromiguiere was a French philosopher.
He was born in the village of Naucelle in southern France and studied philosophy in Toulouse before moving to Paris to continue his studies. Laromiguière was known for his work in the field of moral philosophy and psychology, particularly his focus on the nature of sensation and perception. He also played a prominent role in the French Revolution, serving as a member of the National Convention and later as a member of the Council of Five Hundred. Laromiguière was a proponent of the French Enlightenment and its ideas of reason and individualism. He wrote several books on philosophy, including the influential "Principles of Morals and Legislation" and "Reflections on the Philosophy of the Mind." Laromiguière died in Paris in 1837.
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Émile Littré (February 1, 1801 Paris-June 2, 1881 Paris) also known as Emile Littre was a French lexicographer and philosopher.
He is best known for his monumental work, "The Dictionnaire de la Langue Française," a comprehensive dictionary of the French language which he began compiling in 1844 and published in 1863. He was also a leading scholar in the field of positivism, a philosophy which emphasized the importance of empirical observation and the scientific method in understanding the world. Littré was an active member of the French Academy, and he also served as a member of the National Assembly during the turbulent years of the Second French Republic. He remains an important figure in the history of French language and philosophy.
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Arsène Houssaye (March 28, 1815 France-February 26, 1896 Paris) a.k.a. Arsene Houssaye was a French novelist.
He was also a playwright, poet, essayist, art critic, and cultural historian. Houssaye was a prominent literary figure in France during the 19th century, and he is known for his historical novels such as "Madame de Pompadour," "La Couronne de Blés," and "Ingénu de Histoire." In addition to his literary contributions, Houssaye was a key figure in the cultural scene of Paris during this time, and he played an instrumental role in the establishment of the modern museum system in France. Houssaye was also a close friend of many notable artists and writers of his time, including Victor Hugo, Gustave Flaubert, and Théophile Gautier. He was awarded the Légion d'honneur in recognition of his significant contributions to French literature and culture.
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Jean Marie Pardessus (August 11, 1772-May 27, 1853) was a French lawyer.
He is best known for his work in the field of commercial law, particularly his publication of "Collection de Lois Maritimes Antérieures au XVIIIe Siècle" (Collection of Maritime Laws Prior to the 18th Century), which remains a valuable resource for scholars of maritime law. Pardessus was also a professor of law at the University of Paris and a member of the French Academy of Moral and Political Sciences. In addition to his legal work, he was a prolific writer on a variety of topics, including numismatics and the history of costume. Pardessus was widely respected for his scholarship and his contributions to the field of law.
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Amédée Ozenfant (April 15, 1886 Saint-Quentin-May 4, 1966 Cannes) also known as Amedee Ozenfant was a French personality.
He was a painter, writer, and architect who played a significant role in shaping the art scene in the early 20th century. Ozenfant co-founded the Purism movement with fellow artist Charles-Édouard Jeanneret (who later became known as Le Corbusier). The Purist movement sought to create a new visual language that was both functional and beautiful.
Ozenfant's artwork often focused on still life, and he was known for his use of bold, geometric shapes and colors. He was also interested in the relationship between art and industry and believed that art could serve a practical purpose beyond just aesthetics.
Aside from his work as an artist, Ozenfant was a prolific writer and published several books on art theory, including "Foundations of Modern Art" and "The ABC of Modern Art." He also collaborated with Le Corbusier on a number of architectural projects, including the design of the Villa Savoye.
Later in his career, Ozenfant moved away from painting and focused more on architecture and design. He continued to explore the idea of art as a functional object, and his work in this field helped to lay the foundation for the modernist movement in design.
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Antoine Étex (March 20, 1808 Paris-July 14, 1888 Chaville) also known as Antoine Etex was a French architect, painter and sculpture.
He studied at the École des Beaux-Arts in Paris, where he would later become a professor. Étex's notable works as an architect include the Palais de Justice in Lyon and the Church of Notre-Dame-de-la-Compassion in Paris. As a painter, he specialized in historical and religious subjects, and his works are displayed in museums around the world, including the Louvre in Paris. He also designed sculptures, including the bronze group "Le Triomphe de Napoléon" which was commissioned for the Arc de Triomphe before being replaced by a different work. Étex was awarded the Legion of Honor in recognition of his contributions to the arts.
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Antoine Coysevox (September 29, 1640 Lyon-October 10, 1720 Paris) also known as Antoine Coysevox (Follower of) was a French personality.
Antoine Coysevox was a renowned sculptor during the reigns of Louis XIV, Louis XV, and Louis XVI. He was born in Lyon, France and moved to Paris at a young age to pursue his artistic career. Coysevox quickly gained recognition for his impressive skill in creating lifelike sculpture portraits.
He was highly regarded by the French royal family and completed numerous projects for them, including sculpting the funeral monument for King Louis XIV's minister of finance, Jean-Baptiste Colbert. Coysevox also worked on various public monuments and sculptures, including the equestrian statue of Louis XIV at the Place Vendôme in Paris.
Coysevox's work is characterized by its attention to detail and delicacy of execution, which can be seen in his intricate depictions of human hair and drapery. He was considered one of the greatest sculptors of his time and a significant contributor to the French Baroque artistic movement.
Antoine Coysevox passed away in Paris at the age of 80, leaving behind a legacy of stunningly realistic sculptures that continue to be admired and studied today.
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Charles de La Fosse (June 16, 1636 Paris-December 13, 1716 Paris) was a French personality.
He was a renowned painter in the Baroque style and one of the leading artists of his time. Throughout his career, he gained immense reputation for his exceptional skills in painting murals, portraits, and decorative items. He was trained under masters such as Charles Le Brun and Pierre Mignard, and his works can be found in some of the most famous French Baroque buildings including the palace of Versailles. La Fosse was a member of the prestigious Académie Royale de Peinture et de Sculpture and held various important positions throughout his career. His legacy continues to influence modern artists today.
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Édouard Deldevez (May 31, 1817 Paris-November 6, 1897 Paris) was a French conductor.
His related genres: Ballet.
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Jean-Baptiste Debret (April 18, 1768 Paris-June 28, 1848 Paris) was a French personality.
He was a painter, draftsman, engraver, and traveler. Debret is best known for his work in Brazil, where he spent 15 years recording the daily lives of the Brazilian people and documenting the culture, customs, and traditions of the country. He arrived in Brazil in 1816 as part of the French Artistic Mission and stayed until 1831. During his time there, he produced a series of famous paintings and engravings that provided a unique record of Brazil's history and society during this period. Some of his most famous works include the "Viagem Pitoresca e Histórica ao Brasil," a collection of lithographs that chronicled his journey through Brazil. In addition to his artistic work, Debret was also a member of the Royal Academy of Painting and Sculpture in Paris and a professor at the School of Fine Arts.
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Alain Bombard (October 27, 1924 Paris-July 19, 2005 Toulon) otherwise known as Dr. Alain Bombard was a French physician, sailor, politician and biologist.
He was most known for his solo crossing of the Atlantic Ocean in a small boat in 1952, without provisions or a life raft, to prove that survival was possible with only seawater and fish. After this feat, Bombard became a public figure and wrote several books on survival and the sea. He also worked as a physician and biologist, researching and promoting the use of seawater as a remedy for dehydration. Later in life, Bombard became interested in politics and was elected to the French National Assembly in 1978. Despite facing controversy over some of his ideas and methods, Alain Bombard's legacy as a pioneering sailor and scientist remains a significant part of French history.
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Charles Athanase Walckenaer (December 25, 1771 Paris-April 28, 1852 Paris) was a French scientist.
He is primarily known for his contributions to the fields of arachnology and entomology, having published a number of works on spiders and insects. He was also an accomplished linguist, fluent in several languages including Greek and Latin, which he utilized in his studies of classical literature.
Walckenaer was born into an aristocratic family and received a traditional education, studying law for a time before turning his attention to science. In the early 1800s, he began exploring the natural world, embarking on expeditions throughout Europe and Africa to study insects and arachnids.
His work on spiders was particularly groundbreaking, as he was one of the first scientists to distinguish between true spiders and other arachnids. He also published several books on the subject, including "Histoire naturelle des araignées" (Natural History of Spiders) and "Faune française ou histoire naturelle des animaux" (French Fauna or Natural History of Animals).
In addition to his scientific pursuits, Walckenaer was also involved in politics and served as a member of the French Chamber of Deputies. He was a prominent figure in French intellectual circles and is remembered as a pioneer in the fields of arachnology and entomology.
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Michel Henry (January 10, 1922 Haiphong-July 3, 2002 Albi) was a French philosopher and novelist.
He was a leading thinker in the field of phenomenology, which is the study of subjective experiences and consciousness. Henry's work explored the relationship between the body and the self, and he argued that our bodily experiences are the foundation of all consciousness. In addition to his philosophical work, Henry was also a novelist and published several works of fiction throughout his career. He was a professor of philosophy at the University of Montpellier and was awarded the Grand Prix de Philosophie de l'Académie française in 1983. Despite being relatively unknown to the general public, Michel Henry remains an important figure in the history of philosophy, particularly in the study of phenomenology.
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Paul-Louis Couchoud (April 5, 1879-April 8, 1959) was a French philosopher.
He was born and raised in the small town of Bar-sur-Aube, France. Couchoud studied philosophy and theology at the Faculty of Protestant Theology in Paris before making a name for himself as a scholar in his field. He was known for his contributions to the study of ancient religions, particularly Christianity, and was a proponent of the idea that Jesus Christ was a spiritual rather than historical figure. Couchoud authored numerous books during his career, including "The Creation of Christ" and "The Enigma of Jesus." He also became involved in the literary scene in Paris during the early 20th century, publishing collections of poetry and collaborating with other famous writers of the time. Couchoud remained active in his field until his death in 1959.
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Gabriel François Doyen (May 20, 1726 Paris-June 5, 1806 Saint Petersburg) a.k.a. Gabriel Francois Doyen was a French personality.
He was a renowned painter of historical and mythological scenes, portraits, and landscapes. He started his career at a young age and was accepted into the Académie Royale de Peinture et de Sculpture in 1758. Doyen gained a reputation as one of the most talented painters of his time, and his work was commissioned by the aristocracy, including the King and Queen of France.
In 1783, Catherine the Great of Russia invited Doyen to join the Imperial Academy of Arts in Saint Petersburg. He accepted the invitation and moved there permanently. Doyen became one of the leading figures of the art scene in Russia and received numerous commissions from the Russian nobility.
Despite spending most of his life in Russia, Doyen never forgot his roots in France. He remained in close contact with his former colleagues and continued to participate in exhibitions in his home country. Today, his works are considered valuable examples of the 18th century art genre and can be found in collections across the world, including the Hermitage Museum in Saint Petersburg and the Louvre Museum in Paris.
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Emmanuel Roblès (May 4, 1914 Oran-February 22, 1995 Boulogne-Billancourt) also known as Emmanuel Robles was a French writer and novelist.
Born in Algeria, Emmanuel Roblès grew up in a family of Andalusian origin. He moved to France in 1936, where he worked as a teacher and a translator. His literary career began with the publication of his first novel "Le Vagabond" in 1944, a work strongly inspired by his childhood memories in Algeria. Roblès gained national and international recognition with his subsequent novel "Les Hauteurs de la Ville" (1957), which won the Prix Goncourt and was adapted for the screen by director Henri Verneuil. Throughout his career, Roblès wrote novels, essays, plays and poems, many of which explored the themes of exile, identity, and the violence of political conflicts. Among his other notable works are "La Mort en face" (1960), "La Tête coupable" (1975), and "Un Printemps d'Italie" (1985). In addition to his literary accomplishments, Roblès was a prominent figure in French cultural life, serving as the director of the Théâtre National Populaire from 1962 to 1966.
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Louis Marie de la Haye, Vicomte de Cormenin (January 6, 1788-May 6, 1868) a.k.a. Louis-Marie de Lahaye Cormenin was a French lawyer and politician.
He was born in Paris, France, and went on to become a prominent lawyer, known for his expertise in civil law. In 1819, he was appointed as the editor-in-chief of the newspaper Le Constitutionnel, which he used as a platform to advocate for political and social reform.
Cormenin was also an active member of the Chamber of Deputies and served as Minister of Public Education and Worship under King Louis-Philippe. During his tenure, he worked to reform the education system in France and improve access to education for all.
In addition to his political and legal career, Cormenin was a prolific writer and published several books on subjects such as French history, political philosophy, and satire. His most famous work is "The History of the Popes," which criticized the Catholic Church and caused controversy upon its release.
Cormenin died in Paris in 1868, leaving behind a legacy as a pioneering legal scholar, politician, and writer who advocated for social justice and democratic reforms in France.
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