Here are 29 famous musicians from Germany died at 75:
Alfred Wilhelm Volkmann (July 1, 1801 Leipzig-April 21, 1877 Halle) was a German personality.
He was a renowned physiologist and anatomist, and his research was focused on the nervous system of the human body. Volkmann is especially known for his work on the functioning of the spinal cord and the relationship between the muscles and nervous system. He studied at the University of Leipzig under the guidance of the famous German anatomist Johann Lukas Schoenlein. Volkmann was also a professor of physiology at the University of Halle for many years, where he inspired and trained generations of young scientists. In addition to his work on the nervous system, he also made significant contributions to the field of orthopedics, developing new surgical techniques for the treatment of bone fractures. Today, he is remembered as one of the most important figures in the history of neurophysiology and is still cited by researchers and scholars around the world.
Volkmann was born to a distinguished family that valued education and scholarship. His father was a respected professor of mathematics at the University of Leipzig, and his mother was a skilled musician. Volkmann was encouraged to pursue academic interests from a young age and he showed an early aptitude for science.
After completing his studies in Leipzig, Volkmann went on to conduct research at various institutions across Europe. He spent time in Paris, Milan, and Vienna, where he worked with some of the most prominent scientists of the day. His travels and experiences broadened his knowledge and helped him to develop a more nuanced understanding of the human body and its workings.
In addition to his scientific achievements, Volkmann was also known for his kind and compassionate nature. He was deeply committed to improving the lives of his patients and was always willing to go the extra mile to help them. His dedication to his work and his patients inspired many of his students and colleagues, who sought to emulate his example.
Volkmann's legacy continues to influence modern science, particularly in the field of neurophysiology. His research has helped to advance our understanding of the complex relationship between the nervous system and the rest of the body, and his surgical techniques have saved countless lives over the years. As a result, he remains a beloved figure in the world of science and medicine, and his contributions to human knowledge will be remembered for generations to come.
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George Engelmann (February 2, 1809 Frankfurt-February 4, 1884 St. Louis) was a German botanist. He had one child, George Julius Engelmann.
Engelmann was known for his extensive research on North American flora, with a particular focus on cacti and other succulents. He authored multiple books and papers on the subject, and was considered an authority in the field during his time. He also made significant contributions to the study of plant physiology and anatomy.
In addition to his scientific pursuits, Engelmann was a prominent member of the German community in St. Louis, where he settled after immigrating to the United States in 1832. He co-founded the Missouri Botanical Garden and was involved in various cultural and social organizations. Engelmann was also an accomplished artist, and his illustrations were frequently used to accompany his scientific publications.
Throughout his career, Engelmann maintained close correspondence with other prominent botanists and scientists, both in the United States and abroad. His extensive collection of letters and papers is now housed in the Missouri Botanical Garden archives, and is a valuable resource for researchers and historians.
Engelmann was born in a family of physicians, and he initially studied medicine at the University of Heidelberg. However, his passion for botany led him to switch his focus, and he ultimately earned a doctorate in natural sciences. After immigrating to the United States, Engelmann settled in St. Louis, where he established a medical practice while also pursuing botanical research.
In addition to his work with cacti and succulents, Engelmann conducted research on a wide variety of plants, including mosses, liverworts, and ferns. He made significant contributions to the taxonomy and classification of these plants, and his work helped to establish many of the scientific principles still used in the field of botany today.
Engelmann's scientific contributions were widely recognized during his lifetime, and he was honored with numerous awards and memberships in prestigious scientific societies. He is remembered as one of the most important botanists of the 19th century, and his legacy continues to influence the study of plants and their role in the natural world.
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Hermann Conring (November 9, 1606 Norden, Lower Saxony-December 12, 1681 Helmstedt) was a German philosopher.
He studied medicine, philosophy, and natural sciences at the University of Helmstedt and later became a professor of medicine and politics at the same institution. Conring was also known for his fascination with history and was considered a leading authority on historical research during his time. He is best known for his work on the history of medicine, which sought to trace the origins of medical practices in ancient Greece and Rome. Additionally, he wrote prolifically on topics such as politics, law, and theology, and was a major contributor to the intellectual and cultural life of his time.
Throughout his career, Conring made significant contributions to the development of various fields of study. His work in politics, for instance, included the development of the concept of sovereignty. In medicine, he was one of the earliest critics of blood transfusion and its potential dangers. He also served as the personal physician of several important figures, including the Duke of Braunschweig, and was instrumental in the establishment of medical faculties in several universities across Germany. Additionally, Conring was fluent in several languages, and his expertise in classical Latin and Greek was renowned. His works, covering a wide range of topics, remain influential today and are considered essential reading for scholars and students of philosophy, history, and medicine.
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Karl Freiherr von Müffling (June 12, 1775 Halle-January 10, 1851 Erfurt) also known as Karl Freiherr von Muffling or Friedrich Karl Ferdinand Müffling was a German personality.
He served as a general in the Prussian Army and played a crucial role in the Napoleonic Wars. Müffling fought in several battles and campaigns, including the Battle of Waterloo in 1815. He was highly respected by his fellow officers and was known for his military strategies and tactics. After the war, Müffling served as a diplomat and was involved in negotiations with the French government. He also played a key role in the Congress of Vienna, which aimed to restore stability and balance of power in Europe after the defeat of Napoleon. Müffling is remembered as one of the most important military figures of the early 19th century and was awarded several honors and titles during his lifetime.
Müffling was born into a Prussian military family and began his own military career at a young age. He participated in the campaigns against France in 1792 and was promoted to the rank of captain shortly after. Over the years, he rose through the ranks and eventually became a lieutenant general in 1812. During the Battle of Waterloo, Müffling served as the chief of staff to Gebhard Leberecht von Blücher, the commander of the Prussian forces. Together, they played a significant role in the defeat of Napoleon.
Following the end of the Napoleonic Wars, Müffling became a diplomat for the Prussian government. He was involved in negotiations with the French government and played a key role in the establishment of the Quadruple Alliance between Prussia, Russia, Austria, and Britain. Müffling was also involved in the Congress of Vienna, where he advocated for a strong and united Germany. His contributions to the Congress helped to shape the political landscape of Europe for decades to come.
In addition to his military and diplomatic career, Müffling was an accomplished writer and historian. He wrote several books about his experiences in the Napoleonic Wars and was known for his meticulous attention to detail. Müffling's legacy continues to be celebrated today, and he is remembered as one of the most influential military figures of his time.
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Frederick Cook (June 10, 1865 Callicoon-August 5, 1940 New Rochelle) a.k.a. Dr. Frederick Cook or Frederick A Cook was a German physician.
He is best known for his claim of being the first person to reach the North Pole on April 21, 1908. However, his claim was later disputed and is now widely discredited. Cook also led several expeditions to Alaska and made significant contributions to the field of medicine, particularly in areas of tropical medicine and public health. Despite the controversy surrounding his claims of Arctic exploration, Cook remains a significant figure in the history of polar exploration.
Cook was born in Callicoon, New York to German immigrant parents. He studied medicine at New York University and went on to earn a master's degree in ethnology from Columbia University. Cook practiced medicine in New York City before setting out on his Arctic expeditions. He made his first trip to Alaska in 1894 and is credited with discovering the highest peak in North America, Denali, in 1906.
In addition to his expeditions to the Arctic and Alaska, Cook also served as a physician during the Spanish-American War and worked as a professor of geography at Teachers College, Columbia University. Cook was a member of several scientific societies and authored several books on his expeditions and medical work.
Despite the controversy surrounding his claim of reaching the North Pole, Cook was awarded the Congressional Gold Medal in 1935 for his contributions to polar exploration and to the field of medicine. Today, he is remembered as a complex figure who made his mark on both the world of exploration and the world of medicine.
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Bernd Becher (August 20, 1931 Siegen-June 22, 2007 Rostock) was a German photographer.
Together with his wife Hilla Becher, Bernd Becher is renowned for their influential work in the field of conceptual photography, particularly for their images of industrial architecture. The couple, collectively known as the Bechers, worked in close collaboration for more than 50 years, travelling extensively to document the architectural features of industrial complexes throughout Europe and North America. Their distinctive photographic style featured stark, black-and-white images that emphasized the repetitive, minimalistic forms of structures such as water towers, factory buildings, and gas tanks. The Bechers were awarded numerous prizes and honors for their work, and their influence on subsequent generations of photographers is widely acknowledged. Bernd Becher's legacy continues to be felt in the world of contemporary photography, and his contributions to the medium are celebrated by art historians and enthusiasts alike.
Bernd Becher was born in Siegen, Germany, in 1931. He studied painting at the Academy of Fine Arts in Stuttgart and later in Düsseldorf, where he met his future wife and artistic partner, Hilla Wobeser. In 1959, they began their joint photographic project, which would become their life's work.
Their photographs captured industrial architecture in an objective and standardized way, aiming to create a comprehensive catalogue of these structures. The Bechers' strict documentary approach and emphasis on objectivity have influenced generations of photographers and artists. They believed that their work preserved a record of a disappearing industrial culture in a rapidly changing world.
In addition to their photographic work, the Bechers were also influential teachers at the Düsseldorf Art Academy, where they mentored a new generation of artists, including Andreas Gursky, Candida Höfer, and Thomas Ruff. Their teachings emphasized the importance of methodical, systematic documentation in photography, as well as the formal qualities of architectural forms.
Bernd Becher passed away in Rostock, Germany, in 2007. His legacy lives on in the extensive body of work he created with his wife, Hilla, as well as in the artistic and pedagogical approaches they championed in the field of photography.
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Wolfgang Reitherman (June 26, 1909 Munich-May 22, 1985 Burbank) also known as Woolie Reitherman, Woolie or Wooly Reitherman was a German film director, animator, television director and film producer. He had three children, Bruce Reitherman, Robert Reitherman and Richard Reitherman.
Reitherman was best known for his work at Walt Disney Productions, where he worked on numerous animated feature films, including Sleeping Beauty, The Sword in the Stone, The Jungle Book and Robin Hood. He was also heavily involved in the creation of many classic Disney characters, such as Mowgli, Baloo, King Arthur, and Little John.
In addition to his animation work, Reitherman also directed several live-action films for Disney, including the popular adventure film The Island at the Top of the World. Over the course of his career, Reitherman received several accolades for his work in the animation industry, including an Academy Award nomination for his work on Winnie the Pooh and Tigger Too.
Despite his tremendous success in the entertainment industry, Reitherman was known to be a humble and down-to-earth person with a great sense of humor. He remains a beloved figure in the world of animation and is remembered as one of the most influential animators and directors of his time.
Reitherman was born in Munich, Germany and spent his early childhood in Austria. His family moved to the United States when he was still a child, eventually settling in California. Reitherman attended the Chouinard Art Institute in Los Angeles, where he honed his artistic skills and developed a deep love for animation. He began working for Walt Disney Productions in the 1930s, starting as an animator on classic films such as Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs and Fantasia.
As Reitherman's talent grew, he began to take on more directorial responsibilities, eventually becoming one of Disney's top directors. He was instrumental in the studio's transition from hand-drawn animation to xerography, a process that allowed for faster and more cost-effective production of animated films. Reitherman's innovative use of this technique can be seen in his work on films such as 101 Dalmatians and The Jungle Book.
In addition to his work in animation, Reitherman was involved in several philanthropic endeavors. He served as a trustee of Occidental College in Los Angeles and was a founding member of the Motion Picture and Television Fund, an organization that provides assistance to members of the entertainment industry in need.
Today, Reitherman's legacy lives on in the many beloved films and characters he helped create. He is remembered as a talented artist, a visionary director, and a kind and generous person who made a lasting impact on the world of animation.
He died caused by traffic collision.
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Franz Ignaz Beck (February 20, 1734 Mannheim-December 31, 1809 Bordeaux) was a German personality.
Discography: Symphonies (Northern Chamber Orchestra feat. conductor: Nicholas Ward) and . Genres he performed include Opera.
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Günther Blumentritt (February 10, 1892 Munich-October 12, 1967 Munich) otherwise known as Gunther Blumentritt was a German personality.
He was a General in the German Wehrmacht during the Second World War and played a significant role as a chief operational planner in several military operations including the invasion of France in 1940. Following Germany's defeat, Blumentritt was imprisoned by the British and later testified at the Nuremberg Trials. After his release, he returned to Germany where he worked as a businessman and occasionally lectured on his experiences during the war. Despite his controversial past, Blumentritt remains a historical figure of importance for his work in military strategy and planning.
Blumentritt received various military honors and decorations during his service as a general in the German Army. He was known for his military prowess and tactical skills on the battlefield. During his time in captivity, he established a friendship with British General Bernard Montgomery, who admired his military intellect. Blumentritt's testimony at the Nuremberg Trials shed light on the inner workings of the German Army and provided valuable insights into the planning and execution of the war. After his release from captivity, Blumentritt resumed his civilian life and wrote several books on military strategy and leadership. He was also a frequent speaker at military seminars and conferences, where he shared his experiences and insights on the war. Despite his wartime associations, Blumentritt is remembered for his contribution to military strategy and is regarded as one of the most brilliant military planners of his time.
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Isaak August Dorner (June 20, 1809 Neuhausen ob Eck-July 8, 1884 Wiesbaden) also known as I. A. Dorner was a German personality. He had one child, August Dorner.
Dorner was a renowned German Protestant theologian who specialised in systematic theology. He served as a professor of theology at several institutions including the University of Berlin, the University of Königsberg, and the University of Bonn. Dorner was known for his unique approach to theology which combined historical study with philosophical reflection. He is widely regarded as one of the most significant theologians of the 19th century, and his works continue to be studied and influential in theological circles today. In addition to his contributions to theology, Dorner was also an accomplished musician and composer. He composed a number of hymns, and his music is still performed by choirs and orchestras around the world.
Dorner was born into a religious family and his father was a Protestant pastor. He received his education in the University of Tübingen where he studied theology and philosophy. After completing his studies, he served as a pastor in several churches before becoming a professor of theology.
One of Dorner's most famous works is "System of Christian Doctrine," which was published in 1875. In this work, Dorner sought to reconcile the different theological traditions within Christianity and provide a comprehensive understanding of Christian doctrine.
Dorner was also active in the ecumenical movement, which aimed to unite the different Christian denominations. He worked closely with figures such as John Henry Newman and Frederick Denison Maurice in this effort.
Despite his contributions to theology, Dorner's later years were plagued by ill health. He suffered from a heart condition, and in 1884, he passed away in Wiesbaden. However, his legacy continued to live on, and his work remains a significant influence on modern Christian theology.
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Louis Spohr (April 5, 1784 Braunschweig-October 22, 1859 Kassel) a.k.a. Ludwig Spohr or Spohr, Louis was a German conductor, violinist and composer.
His albums: Die letzten Dinge (Radio-Sinfonieorchester Stuttgart & Südfunk-Chor Stuttgart feat. conductor: Gustav Kuhn), Jessonda (Chor der Hamburgischen Staatsoper & Philharmonisches Staatsorchester Hamburg feat. conductor: Gerd Albrecht), Piano Trios Nos. 2 and 4 (Hartley Piano Trio), Clarinet Concertos nos. 1 and 3 / Potpourri, op. 80, Clarinet Concertos Nos. 3 & 4 (Swedish Chamber Orchestra, feat. conductor: Robin O'Neill, clarinet: Michal Collins), Symphonies Nos. 4 & 5 / Das befreite Deutschland (Orchestra della Svizzera Italiana feat. conductor: Howard Shelley), Piano Trios Nos. 3 and 5 (Hartley Piano Trio), Double Quartets (Academy of St. Martin-in-the-Fields Chamber Ensemble), Symphonies Nos. 1 & 2 (Orchestra della Svizzera Italiana, feat. conductor: Howard Shelley) and Clarinet Concertos Nos. 1 & 2 (Swedish Chamber Orchestra, feat. conductor: Robin O'Neill, clarinet: Michal Collins). Genres he performed: Classical music and Opera.
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William, Duke of Jülich-Cleves-Berg (July 28, 1516 Berg-January 5, 1592) also known as Wilhelm, Duke of Julich-Cleves-Berg, Wilhelm, Duke of Jülich-Cleves-Berg, Wilhelm der Reiche or William the Rich was a German personality. He had six children, Magdalene of Jülich-Cleves-Berg, Anna of Cleves, John William, Duke of Jülich-Cleves-Berg, Marie Eleonore of Cleves, Karl Friedrich of Jülich-Cleves-Berg and Sibylle of Jülich-Cleves-Berg.
William, Duke of Jülich-Cleves-Berg played an important role in the religious and political history of Europe during the 16th century. He was a prominent Protestant leader and was one of the key figures in the formation of the Schmalkaldic League, which was an alliance of Protestant German states that opposed the Holy Roman Empire. William also played a major role in the negotiations leading up to the Peace of Augsburg, which officially recognized the Lutheran faith in Germany. His daughter Anna of Cleves became one of the wives of King Henry VIII of England.
William, Duke of Jülich-Cleves-Berg was born in Berg (now in Germany) as the son of John III, Duke of Jülich-Cleves-Berg and Maria of Jülich-Berg. He became the Duke of Jülich-Cleves-Berg in 1539 upon his father's death. William was considered a highly capable ruler who worked tirelessly to strengthen and expand his territories. He was known for his wise and just administration, and he developed a strong economy and military force.
In addition to his political accomplishments, William was also a patron of the arts and supported the development of literature and music in his court. He was also a collector of art and established a large art collection, which served as the foundation for the later famous Düsseldorf art collection.
Despite his important role in the formation of the Schmalkaldic League, William's records suggest that he was, at least at times, more concerned with power and personal gain than religious principles. Nevertheless, he was instrumental in securing the right of the Protestant faith to exist within the Holy Roman Empire, which was vital to the development of Protestantism in Germany.
William died in 1592 in Düsseldorf, Germany, at the age of 75. He was succeeded by his son, John William, Duke of Jülich-Cleves-Berg.
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Marge Schott (August 18, 1928 Cincinnati-March 2, 2004 Cincinnati) was a German personality.
She was best known as the owner of the Cincinnati Reds baseball team from 1984 to 1999. Schott was the first woman in major league baseball to be principal owner of a team to win a World Series, which she did with the Reds in 1990. She was a controversial figure in baseball due to her outspoken opinions and public statements that were considered racist, sexist, and anti-Semitic. Schott's ownership of the Reds ended in 1999 due to her repeated use of racial slurs and insensitive remarks. Despite her controversial legacy, Schott was remembered for her philanthropic work, particularly in supporting animal welfare causes.
In addition to her ownership of the Reds, Marge Schott was also a successful businesswoman who owned car dealerships and a restaurant. She was married to Charles Schott, who owned a chain of grocery stores. Schott was known for her love of animals and her devotion to her pets, including a St. Bernard named Schottzie who became the Reds' unofficial mascot. She was a generous donor to animal shelters and animal rescue organizations, and established the Schott Foundation for the Benefit of Animals. Despite her philanthropic work, Schott's legacy is overshadowed by her history of racist and offensive behavior. She was fined by Major League Baseball three times for making derogatory comments about African Americans, Jews, and Asians, and was banned from managing the team for a year in 1993. In 1996, Schott sold a limited partnership stake in the Reds to a group of investors that included Carl Lindner, Jr., and in 1999 she sold her remaining shares to Lindner, ending her ownership of the team. Schott died in 2004 at the age of 75 due to complications from a stroke.
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Clara Zetkin (July 5, 1857 Königshain-Wiederau-June 20, 1933) otherwise known as Klara Zetkin was a German politician. Her children are called Kostja Zetkin and Maxim Zetkin.
Clara Zetkin was one of the leaders of the Social Democratic Party of Germany (SPD) and was instrumental in advocating for women's rights and gender equality. She was a pioneer in the international socialist women's movement and co-founded the Women's International League for Peace and Freedom.
Zetkin was also an editor, journalist, and writer, and her work is considered a significant contribution to Marxist feminist theory. During her political career, she fought against militarism, imperialism, and colonialism, and was a supporter of the Russian Revolution.
In 1932, Zetkin was exiled from Germany by the National Socialist regime and moved to the Soviet Union. She passed away the following year at the age of 75. Today, Zetkin is remembered as a champion for women's rights and one of the most influential socialist feminists of the 20th century.
Throughout her life, Clara Zetkin was devoted to advancing the cause of women's rights. She was a key advocate for women's suffrage in Germany and worked tirelessly to ensure that women had equal rights and opportunities in all areas of life, including education, work, and politics. Zetkin was an outspoken critic of the patriarchal system that dominated European societies and believed that women could only achieve true liberation through the socialist revolution.
In addition to her work in women's rights, Zetkin was also an accomplished writer and editor. She served as the editor of the Social Democratic Women's Journal for many years, using the publication to advance her ideas on feminism and socialism. Her writing on these topics was influential in shaping the Marxist feminist movement, and her ideas continue to be studied and debated by scholars today.
Despite facing numerous obstacles throughout her career, including persecution by the Nazi regime and exile from her home country, Zetkin never gave up on her commitment to social and political justice. She remains an inspiration to feminists, socialists, and human rights activists around the world.
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Moritz Hauptmann (October 13, 1792 Dresden-January 3, 1868 Leipzig) was a German personality.
He was a composer, conductor, and music theorist. Hauptmann spent most of his career teaching at the famed Leipzig Conservatory of Music, where he counted among his students Arthur Sullivan, who would go on to co-create some of the most enduring operettas in English musical theater.
In addition to his work as a teacher, Hauptmann was also an accomplished music theorist, and he is perhaps best known for his contributions to the study of harmony and counterpoint. His textbook, The Principles of Harmony and Contrast of Modes, was widely used in music schools throughout Europe in the 19th century and beyond.
As a composer, Hauptmann wrote primarily vocal music, including choral works and art songs, though he also composed instrumental pieces and even some music for the stage. His output was relatively small, but he was highly respected by his contemporaries, and his music was often performed in Leipzig and beyond.
Hauptmann was born into a family of musicians, and his musical talents became apparent at a young age. He studied composition with Johann Nepomuk Hummel in Weimar and later with Abbe Vogler in Darmstadt. In 1816, he moved to Leipzig to work as a music teacher, and he would remain in the city for the rest of his life. In addition to his work at the Conservatory, Hauptmann also served as the director of the famous St. Thomas Boys Choir from 1842 until his death.
Throughout his career, Hauptmann was recognized as a leading figure in German music. He was a member of several prestigious musical societies, including the Berlin Academy of Arts and the Royal Swedish Academy of Music. He was also awarded numerous honors, including the title of Royal Professor from the King of Saxony and the Order of the Red Eagle from the King of Prussia.
Hauptmann's influence as a teacher and theorist extended beyond his own lifetime. His ideas about harmony and counterpoint would be further developed by his student, Heinrich Schenker, who would go on to become one of the most influential music theorists of the 20th century. Today, Hauptmann is remembered as a key figure in the development of German musical culture and education.
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Hermann of Wied (January 14, 1477-August 15, 1552) was a German personality.
Hermann of Wied was also known as Hermann III, Count of Wied, and he belonged to the noble House of Wied. He was a prominent figure during the Reformation era, and his principality was located in the region of Westphalia. Hermann of Wied played a significant role in the Protestant Reformation movement, and he was one of the first princes in Germany to embrace the teachings of Martin Luther. Later, he became a prominent member of the Schmalkaldic League and actively participated in the political and religious events of the time. Despite his early association with Protestantism, Hermann of Wied struggled with his faith throughout his life and eventually converted to Roman Catholicism. He was married to a wealthy noblewoman, Elizabeth of Nassau-Dillenburg, and had several children with her. Hermann of Wied is remembered as a controversial historical figure who took part in many significant events during his lifetime.
As a supporter of the Reformation, Hermann of Wied implemented Lutheran reforms in his principality, including the use of the vernacular in the church service and the abolition of some Catholic practices such as the veneration of saints. He also established a university in his territory and advocated for the education of the common people. However, his views were not always popular, and he faced opposition from some of the more conservative members of his court.
Eventually, Hermann of Wied's religious views shifted again, and he converted to Roman Catholicism in 1542. This decision was met with widespread criticism and led to his exile from his principality. He spent the rest of his life traveling and attempting to reconcile his former Protestant colleagues with the Catholic Church.
Hermann of Wied's life and legacy have been the subject of much discussion and debate among historians. Some view him as a pragmatic and flexible politician, while others see him as a opportunist who changed his religious views for personal gain. Despite these controversies, his influence on the religious and political landscape of Germany during the Reformation era is undeniable.
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Heymann Steinthal (May 16, 1823 Gröbzig-March 14, 1899 Berlin) was a German personality.
He was a renowned linguist, philosopher, and social scientist who contributed significantly to the study of language and culture. Steinthal was particularly interested in the interactions between language, thought, and culture, and he believed that understanding these relationships was essential to understanding human nature. He co-founded the Society for Ethnology and Anthropology in Berlin and was a professor of linguistics at the University of Berlin. Steinthal published several influential works, including "Der Ursprung der Sprache im Zusammenhang mit den letzten Fragen alles Wissens" (The Origin of Language in Connection with the Ultimate Questions of All Knowledge) and "Grammatik, Logik und Psychologie: Ihre Principien und ihr Verhältniss zueinander" (Grammar, Logic, and Psychology: Their Principles and Their Relationship to Each Other). His ideas had a significant impact on later linguistic and anthropological research, and he is considered one of the founders of modern anthropology.
Steinthal's interest in language and culture began in his youth, as he was exposed to several languages while growing up in a bilingual Jewish household. His education included studying history, philosophy, and philology in Berlin, Frankfurt, and Paris. Steinthal's fascination with language led him to study Hebrew, Arabic, and Sanskrit, and he later became interested in African and Native American languages. Steinthal's contributions to linguistics include developing the concept of "inner form" in language, which refers to the underlying structure of a language's grammar and syntax. He believed that language was a tool for expressing human thought and emotion, and that studying it could provide insights into the workings of the human mind. Steinthal also emphasized the importance of studying language in its cultural context, arguing that language cannot be fully understood without understanding the social and cultural practices in which it is embedded. He was recognized for his groundbreaking work in anthropology and linguistics, and was a member of the Prussian Academy of Sciences.
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Johann Gustav Droysen (July 6, 1808 Trzebiatów-June 19, 1884 Berlin) was a German personality.
He was a philosopher, historian, and educator, who is known for his contributions to the field of historiography. Droysen's work focused on the interpretation of historical events and the development of historical methodology. He taught at the University of Berlin for many years and was a prominent figure in the academic community. Some of his notable works include "The History of Alexander the Great," "Outlines of the Principles of History," and "The Outline of History." He also served as the president of the Berlin Academy of Sciences and was a member of various other scholarly societies. Despite his significant contributions to the study of history, Droysen's work was often overshadowed by his contemporaries, such as Leopold von Ranke. Nonetheless, his legacy continues to influence the field to this day.
In addition to his academic pursuits, Johann Gustav Droysen was also actively involved in politics. He was a supporter of German unification and was a member of the Prussian National Assembly in 1848. Droysen's ideas about the importance of national identity and cultural heritage contributed to the development of German nationalism in the 19th century. He was also a supporter of the Bismarckian system of governance and served as an advisor to the German government.
Droysen's influence extended beyond the academic and political spheres. He was a mentor to many notable figures, including Friedrich Nietzsche and Heinrich von Treitschke. He also had a significant impact on the field of historical education, advocating for the inclusion of history in school curriculums and the development of historical exhibitions.
Despite suffering from poor health throughout his life, Droysen remained dedicated to his scholarly pursuits until his death. He continued to teach at the University of Berlin and publish works on historical methodology and philosophy. Today, he is recognized as a pioneering figure in the study of history and his ideas continue to be studied and debated in academic circles.
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Elisabeth Grümmer (March 31, 1911-November 6, 1986) also known as Elisabeth Grummer or Grümmer, Elisabeth was a German singer.
Her discography includes: and Johannes Passion (feat. conductor: Karl Richter).
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Emanuel Hahn (May 30, 1881 Reutlingen-February 14, 1957) was a German personality.
Emanuel Hahn was a German-Canadian sculptor who is best known for designing the Canadian 10-cent coin, also known as the "dime". Born in Reutlingen, Germany, Hahn moved to Toronto, Canada in 1904 where he established a career as a sculptor. He designed numerous public monuments and sculptures across Canada, including the Boer War Memorial in Queen's Park and the Tom Thomson Memorial Cairn in Algonquin Park. In addition to his artistic career, Hahn also taught at the Ontario College of Art (now OCAD University) for over twenty years. He passed away in 1957 at the age of 75.
Hahn's most famous work is arguably the Canadian 10-cent coin, which was first produced in 1937 and remained in circulation until 2012. The design features a portrait of King George VI on the obverse side and a image of the schooner Bluenose on the reverse side. Hahn's design was chosen through a national competition held by the Royal Canadian Mint, and it remains one of the most iconic and enduring images of Canadian currency.
In addition to his work in sculpture and teaching, Hahn was also an accomplished painter and illustrator. He created a number of illustrations for books and magazines, and his paintings were exhibited in galleries across Canada. Hahn was a member of the Group of Seven, a collective of Canadian artists who were known for their paintings of the Canadian landscape.
Hahn's contributions to Canadian art and design have been recognized in numerous ways. In 1951, he was awarded the Order of Canada, one of the country's highest honors. In 2017, the Royal Canadian Mint issued a commemorative silver coin to mark the 150th anniversary of Hahn's birth. Today, his work can be found in public and private collections across Canada and around the world.
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William Joseph Behr (August 26, 1775-August 1, 1851) was a German writer.
He was born in Berlin, Germany to a wealthy family and received a comprehensive education in literature and philosophy. Behr started his writing career by translating French literature into German. In addition to French literature, Behr was also heavily interested in the works of Shakespeare, and consequently translated many of his plays into the German language.
He often wrote about the beauty of the German language, which was a central theme in his writing. Behr's most noted work was an adaptation of Molière's comedy play, Tartuffe. Behr's version of Tartuffe was particularly successful due to its superior language and humor.
Behr's keen interest in education and pursuit of knowledge led him to become a renowned German professor at the Berlin University. William Joseph Behr's have contributed immensely to German literature and his works still continue to be referenced by students and writers alike.
Behr was not only an accomplished writer and professor but also a respected historian. He was particularly interested in the history of Prussia and authored several books on the subject, including "The History of Prussia from the Earliest Times to the Present Day." Behr was known for his meticulous research and attention to detail and is credited with making significant contributions to the field of German historiography.
In addition to his literary and academic pursuits, Behr was also an active member of his community. He was a strong advocate for social justice and often used his writing to raise awareness about issues such as poverty and inequality. Behr also founded the Berliner Aufklärungsgesellschaft, a society dedicated to promoting enlightenment and encouraging intellectual discourse.
Despite his many accomplishments, Behr remained humble and dedicated to his craft throughout his life. He was known for his strong work ethic and unwavering commitment to excellence, qualities that continue to inspire generations of writers and scholars. Today, William Joseph Behr is remembered as one of Germany's great literary figures, and his contributions to German literature and history continue to be celebrated and studied.
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Max Davidson (May 23, 1875 Berlin-September 4, 1950 Woodland Hills) was a German actor.
He began his acting career in Germany and later moved to the United States in the 1910s, where he found success as a character actor in silent films. He appeared in over 180 films throughout his career, often portraying Jewish characters in comedies and dramas. Davidson was known for his expressive face and physical comedy, which made him a popular supporting actor in Hollywood. In his later years, he worked as an acting coach and continued to make occasional appearances in films. He passed away in 1950 at the age of 75.
During his early years in Hollywood, Max Davidson appeared in several silent films alongside famous comedians like Laurel and Hardy and Charley Chase. Some of his notable films include "The Son of the Sheik" (1926), "The Callahans and the Murphys" (1927), and "The Battle of the Century" (1927).
Despite being a successful actor in Hollywood, Davidson was also a victim of racism and prejudice. He was often typecast as a Jewish character and had to deal with antisemitism both in Hollywood and in his personal life. However, he never let that stop him from pursuing his passion for acting.
After his acting career, Davidson became an acting coach and worked with several upcoming actors in Hollywood. His legacy as a character actor and his influence on the film industry continue to be recognized and appreciated to this day.
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Albrecht von Roon (April 30, 1803 Pleśna, West Pomeranian Voivodeship-February 23, 1879 Berlin) was a German personality.
He served as the Minister of War and later as the Prime Minister of Prussia in the mid-19th century. He played a significant role in the modernization of the Prussian Army and the unification of Germany under the leadership of Chancellor Otto von Bismarck. Von Roon was known for his military reforms, which included the expansion of the army and the introduction of mandatory conscription in Prussia. He also played a central role in the Austro-Prussian War of 1866, which helped to establish Prussia's dominance in European affairs. Despite being from an aristocratic family, Von Roon was a pragmatist who sought to align Prussian interests with those of the people. His influence on German politics and military strategy continues to be felt to this day.
Von Roon began his military career at a young age, enlisting in the Prussian army at just 16 years old. Over time, he rose through the ranks and became a military advisor to King Frederick William IV in 1850. In this position, he pushed for military modernization and expansion, recognizing that a stronger army was necessary for Prussia to assert its power in Europe.
Under Von Roon's leadership as Minister of War, the Prussian army underwent significant changes. He reorganized the army into a more effective fighting force, introducing new training techniques and equipment. He also tripled the size of the army, which played a critical role in Prussia's eventual success in the wars of German unification.
In addition to his military accomplishments, Von Roon was also a skilled diplomat. He played a key role in forming alliances with other German states in the lead-up to the Austro-Prussian War, which cemented Prussia's position as the dominant power in the region. After the war's conclusion, he worked to integrate the newly acquired territories into the Prussian state, promoting cultural and economic development in these areas.
Despite his successes, Von Roon was not without detractors. He faced criticism from more conservative elements who believed that Prussian society should be based on traditional conservative values rather than modernization and expansion. However, his pragmatism and dedication to advancing Prussian interests ultimately won out, and his legacy continues to be remembered as a crucial part of Prussian and German history.
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Carl Tanzler (February 8, 1877 Dresden-July 3, 1952 Pasco County) was a German radiographer.
He emigrated to the United States in 1926 and worked at the Marine-Hospital Service in Key West, Florida. In 1930, he became obsessed with a tuberculosis patient named Maria Elena Milagro "Helen" de Hoyos, whom he had treated at the hospital. Despite her death, Tanzler continuously attempted to contact her and eventually removed her body from its tomb, taking it to his home where he lived with it for years until it was discovered by authorities. Tanzler was arrested and put on trial, but due to a lack of evidence and a limitation on the statute of limitations, he was released and returned to Pasco County, where he died in 1952. Tanzler's story has since become a well-known case of obsession and necrophilia.
During his time living with Helen's remains, Tanzler constructed a makeshift laboratory in his home with the intention of reviving her, using various chemicals and equipment in his efforts. He even replaced her decomposed skin with silk, inserted glass eyes into her skull, and affixed a wig made from her real hair onto her scalp. Tanzler often spoke about his love for Helen and believed that she communicated with him through messages in the Cuban music he listened to on the radio. After his arrest, Tanzler's obsession with Helen was revealed to the public, causing widespread shock and disgust. Despite the grotesque nature of his actions, Tanzler's story has continued to fascinate and horrify people over the years, with several books, films, and TV shows inspired by it.
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Theodor Duesterberg (October 19, 1875 Darmstadt-November 4, 1950 Hamelin) was a German politician.
He was the leader of the German National People's Party (DNVP) from 1933 to 1945. Before entering politics, Duesterberg was a successful businessman in the steel industry. He became a member of the DNVP in 1920, and later served as a Reichstag deputy and member of the Prussian State Council. Duesterberg was a fierce critic of the Weimar Republic and democracy, and was an early supporter of Hitler and the Nazi Party. However, he was quickly marginalized within the Nazi hierarchy due to his perceived lack of loyalty and was eventually arrested by the Gestapo in 1944. After the war, he was tried and sentenced to ten years in prison for his role in supporting the Nazi regime.
During his leadership of the DNVP, Duesterberg was known for his opposition to the Treaty of Versailles, which he believed unfairly punished Germany for its role in World War I. He also promoted nationalist and anti-Semitic views, calling for the exclusion of Jews from public life and advocating for a strong, centralized authoritarian government. Despite initially supporting Hitler and the Nazi Party, Duesterberg became disillusioned with their regime and criticized their policies, especially regarding the treatment of industrialists and the role of the state in the economy. Despite his criticism, he remained a member of the DNVP until its dissolution in 1945. After his release from prison in 1950, he lived in obscurity until his death later that year.
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Erich Kästner (February 23, 1899 Dresden-July 29, 1974 Munich) also known as Kästner, Erich, Berhold Bürger, Melchior Kurz, Berthold Bürger, Eric Kästner, Erich Kaestner, Eberhard Foerster, Emil Erich Kästner or Erich Kastner was a German writer, screenwriter, author, poet, satirist and actor. He had one child, Thomas Kästner.
Kästner is best known for his children's books, including "Emil and the Detectives" and "The Parent Trap." He also wrote poetry and novels for adults, often using satire to criticize social and political issues of his time. Kästner witnessed both World Wars and used his writing to speak out against fascism and the rise of Nazism in Germany. In 1933, his books were burned by the Nazis and he was banned from publishing any further works. Despite this setback, Kästner continued to write under pseudonyms and became involved in the resistance movement during World War II. After the war, he became an outspoken advocate for pacifism and democracy. Kästner's literary legacy lives on today, with his books still being read and studied around the world.
Kästner studied philosophy, German literature and theater in Leipzig, Germany before working as a journalist and editor for various newspapers and magazines. He published his first poetry collection, "Herz auf Taille" in 1928 which gained him critical acclaim. Kästner's most successful book, "Emil and the Detectives," was first published in 1929 and has since been translated into more than 60 languages. It is considered a classic of children's literature and has been adapted into several films and stage productions. Kästner's other notable works include "Lottie and Lisa," which served as the basis for the popular Disney movie "The Parent Trap," as well as "Fabian," a novel about the decadence of Weimar-era Berlin. Kästner received several literary awards throughout his career, including the Hans Christian Andersen Award in 1960, the Georg Büchner Prize in 1957, and the Carl Zuckmayer Medal in 1973. He died in 1974 in Munich, Germany at the age of 75.
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Conrad I, Burgrave of Nuremberg (April 5, 1186-April 5, 1261) was a German personality. His child is Frederick III, Burgrave of Nuremberg.
Conrad I was also known as Conrad the Noble and he was a member of the House of Hohenzollern. He served as the Burgrave of Nuremberg from 1192 until his death in 1261, making him one of the longest-reigning rulers in the history of the city. During his long tenure, Conrad I expanded the power and influence of his noble house, which went on to become one of the most important dynasties in the Holy Roman Empire. Aside from his political achievements, Conrad I was also known for his patronage of the arts, particularly music and literature. He is remembered to this day as an important figure in the history of medieval Germany.
Conrad I played a key role in transforming Nuremberg into a major economic and cultural center during the High Middle Ages. He was instrumental in organizing several trade fairs that brought merchants from all over Europe to the city, contributing significantly to its economic prosperity. Conrad I's love for music led him to establish a court choir, which became known for its exceptional performances. He also attracted several renowned scholars and artists to his court, including the famous poet Wolfram von Eschenbach, who was one of Conrad's close companions. Conrad I's legacy in Nuremberg is still evident today through the numerous historical landmarks that he built, including churches, castles, and public buildings. He is widely regarded as one of the most important figures in the history of Nuremberg and his contributions to the city's development have earned him a place in German history.
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David Ruhnken (January 2, 1723 Bydlino-April 14, 1798 Leiden) also known as David Ruhnkenius was a German personality.
He was a prominent classical scholar and philologist who made significant contributions to the field of Latin and Greek studies. Born in Bydlino, Poland (then part of Germany), Ruhnken studied at the University of Halle before moving to the Netherlands to teach at the University of Leiden. Throughout his career, he was known for his meticulous scholarship and exceptional linguistic abilities, and his work had a profound impact on classical studies. Ruhnken's legacy includes numerous publications and critical editions of classical texts, as well as his influential lectures on the history of Greek literature. He was also a central figure in the scholarly circles of his time, and his relationships with other leading intellectuals helped to shape the direction of classical scholarship throughout Europe. Today, he is remembered as one of the most important classical scholars of the 18th century, and his contributions continue to influence the study of classical literature and language.
In addition to his contributions to classical scholarship, David Ruhnken was also involved in politics and public life. He was a member of the Dutch Society of Sciences, as well as the prestigious Royal Society of London. Ruhnken was also a close friend and advisor to William V, Prince of Orange, and served as a counselor and diplomat during the turbulent political climate of the late 18th century. His correspondence with other prominent figures of the time, such as Johann Wolfgang von Goethe and Thomas Jefferson, offers insight into the intellectual and political ideas of the era. Despite his many accomplishments, Ruhnken remains a somewhat enigmatic figure, as he was known for his quiet and reserved personality, and few personal details about his life have been recorded. Nonetheless, his impact on classical scholarship continues to be celebrated by scholars around the world.
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Ebbo (April 5, 0775-March 20, 0851 Hildesheim) was a German personality.
Ebbo was a prominent early medieval personality who became famous for his work as a Benedictine monk, bishop, and author. He served as the archbishop of Reims from 816-835 and was a trusted counselor to both Charlemagne and Louis the Pious. During his tenure as archbishop, he worked to reform the church in Reims and played a significant role in spreading Christianity throughout the region. In addition to his religious work, he was also an accomplished writer and is credited with penning a number of hymns, poems, and other religious texts. After his death in 851, Ebbo was venerated as a saint in some Christian traditions.
Ebbo was born in the region of Westphalia, which is now part of Germany, in the year 775. He was educated at the Benedictine monastery of Corbie in Picardy, France, where he eventually became a monk. As a Benedictine monk, he traveled extensively throughout Europe, spreading the teachings of the church and establishing new monasteries.
In 816, Ebbo was appointed by Charlemagne as the archbishop of Reims, a position he held for almost two decades. During this time, he was widely regarded as one of the most influential religious figures in Europe and was often called upon to mediate disputes between the emperor and his subjects. He was also a key figure in the Carolingian Renaissance, a period of cultural renewal and intellectual growth in Europe during the early medieval period.
Ebbo's most significant achievement as archbishop was his work to reform the church in Reims. He implemented reforms aimed at improving the moral standards of the clergy, reducing corruption in church governance, and promoting the education of priests. He also worked to establish new monasteries and promote the arts and sciences, including literature, music, and philosophy.
In addition to his religious work, Ebbo was an accomplished writer and is credited with penning a number of hymns, poems, and other religious texts. He was particularly known for his skill as a calligrapher and was responsible for the production of several exquisitely illuminated manuscripts that have survived to this day.
Ebbo died in Hildesheim, Germany, on March 20, 851, and was buried in the abbey he had founded there. He was later venerated as a saint by some Christian traditions, and his feast day is celebrated on March 20.
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