Here are 22 famous musicians from Hungary died at 78:
Dennis Gabor (June 5, 1900 Budapest-February 8, 1979 London) was a Hungarian physicist, scientist and inventor.
He is best known for inventing holography, a method of creating three-dimensional images using lasers. In 1971, Gabor was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics for his invention.
Gabor studied engineering in Budapest and Berlin before receiving his doctorate in physics from the University of Berlin. He went on to work at several universities and organizations throughout Europe, including the Imperial College in London, where he spent the latter part of his career.
In addition to his work on holography, Gabor also made significant contributions to the development of electron microscopy and wave mechanics. He wrote several books and over 100 scientific papers during his lifetime.
Gabor was awarded numerous honors and awards throughout his career, including the Franklin Institute’s Stuart Ballantine Medal and the Royal Society's Hughes Medal. In 1993, the International Society for Optical Engineering established the Dennis Gabor Award in his honor, which recognizes outstanding contributions to the field of optics.
Gabor was born into a Jewish family in Hungary and faced discrimination throughout his life, including being forced to flee the country during the rise of the Nazis in Germany. He eventually settled in London, where he became a British citizen and continued his scientific work. Despite facing many obstacles, Gabor remained dedicated to his research and had a profound impact on the field of physics. His invention of holography has had practical applications in fields such as medicine, engineering, and art. Gabor's work continues to inspire scientists and inventors today.
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Nicholas Kaldor (May 12, 1908 Budapest-September 30, 1986 Cambridge) was a Hungarian scientist and economist. He had one child, Frances Stewart.
Kaldor was a prominent figure in the field of economics in the 20th century, known for his insightful contributions on the topics of monetary theory, economic growth, and international trade. He began his career as a journalist in Hungary before moving to England in 1934, where he started teaching at the London School of Economics. During WWII, he worked for the British government in economic planning and played a significant role in the establishment of the post-war international economic order. Throughout his career, he authored numerous books and articles on economic policy and governance, and was awarded several honors for his contributions to the field. Despite his success, Kaldor remained known for his humility and lived out his life in Cambridge, where he passed away in 1986.
Some of Kaldor's most notable contributions to the field of economics include his theory of balanced growth, which he developed in the 1950s. This theory focused on the importance of balanced investment across different sectors of the economy, arguing that growth could only be sustained if investment was spread evenly. Kaldor was also a strong advocate for the use of fiscal policy to manage economic fluctuations, and his work on the relationship between fiscal policy and economic growth was highly influential.
In addition to his academic work, Kaldor played an active role in public policy debates. He was a member of the Labour Party in the UK and served as an economic advisor to several governments throughout his career. He was also a critic of neoclassical economic theory, arguing that it relied too heavily on unrealistic assumptions and ignored the role of power and politics in shaping economic outcomes.
Kaldor's contributions to the field of economics continue to be studied and discussed today, and he is remembered as one of the most influential economists of the 20th century.
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Jean Schwartz (November 4, 1878 Budapest-November 30, 1956 Los Angeles) also known as Schwartz, Jean was a Hungarian personality.
Jean Schwartz was a composer of popular music during the early 20th century. He immigrated to the United States in 1888 and began working in Tin Pan Alley as a songwriter. Schwartz wrote more than 500 songs during his career, including many hits such as "Chinatown, My Chinatown" and "Hello! Ma Baby". He also produced several musicals and operettas, including The Girl from Utah and Sally, Irene and Mary. Schwartz was posthumously inducted into the Songwriters Hall of Fame in 1970.
In addition to being a successful songwriter, Schwartz was also an accomplished pianist and performer. He often performed his own compositions in vaudeville shows and music halls. Some of his other popular songs include "I Love My Wife, But Oh! You Kid!", "Mandy", and "The Curse of an Aching Heart". Schwartz also collaborated with other notable songwriters such as William Jerome and Sam M. Lewis. Despite his success, Schwartz faced financial difficulties later in his career and was forced to sell his catalog of songs. He passed away in 1956 in Los Angeles at the age of 78.
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Mátyás Rákosi (March 9, 1892 Ada-February 5, 1971 Nizhny Novgorod) also known as Matyas Rakosi was a Hungarian politician.
He is best known for his role as the General Secretary of the Hungarian Communist Party from 1945 to 1956. Under his leadership, Hungary became a one-party communist state and Rákosi was often criticized for his authoritarian rule and harsh methods of maintaining power. He also played a pivotal role in the Hungarian Revolution of 1956, but was forced to resign from his position following the Soviet intervention. Rákosi later retreated to the Soviet Union, where he spent the rest of his life in exile.
During his time as General Secretary, Rákosi implemented policies of forced collectivization, nationalization of industry and agriculture, and the suppression of political opposition. This resulted in significant social and political upheaval in Hungary. Rákosi was also known for his close ties to the Soviet Union and his staunch loyalty to Joseph Stalin, even after Stalin's death.
After being ousted from power, Rákosi publicly criticized the Soviet intervention and denounced the new leadership of Hungary. He continued to hold communist beliefs and remained a prominent figure in Hungarian politics from his exile in the Soviet Union, but was never able to regain his former position of power in his home country.
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Joseph Gungl (December 1, 1810 Zsámbék-January 31, 1889 Weimar) was a Hungarian oboist and conductor.
He was born to a musical family and began playing the oboe at a young age. Gungl went on to study at the Vienna Conservatory and became a sought-after oboist in Hungary and Austria.
In addition to performing, Gungl also composed music and conducted orchestras. He was known for his military marches and waltzes, which were popular throughout Europe during the 19th century. Gungl's most famous work is his "Concerto for Oboe and Orchestra," which is still performed to this day.
Gungl lived and worked in several European cities throughout his career, including Budapest, Vienna, and Berlin. He eventually settled in Weimar, Germany, where he conducted the court orchestra and was highly esteemed by the German nobility.
Gungl was also a prolific composer, with over 400 compositions to his name. His compositions include operettas, ballets, hymns, and countless pieces for orchestra and chamber ensembles. One of his most popular works was his operetta "Die Flucht nach Ägypten" (The Flight to Egypt), which was performed throughout Europe during his lifetime.
In addition to his musical accomplishments, Gungl was also a respected music educator. He held teaching positions at the music academies in Vienna and Berlin and taught at the Weimar Conservatory. Many of his students went on to have successful careers as musicians and conductors.
Gungl's contributions to the world of music were recognized in his lifetime, and he received numerous honors and awards for his work. Today, he is remembered as one of the most important composers and performers of the Romantic era in Europe.
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András Fáy (May 30, 1786 Sečovce-July 26, 1864 Pest, Hungary) also known as Andras Fay was a Hungarian writer, poet and playwright.
He was one of the most prominent figures of the Hungarian Reform Era and played an important role in the cultural and literary life of the country. Fáy was born into a noble family and studied law in Pozsony (now Bratislava) and later in Vienna. However, he soon became interested in literature and eventually devoted himself entirely to writing.
Fáy was a prolific writer and published numerous books and articles on a wide range of topics, including literature, history, and politics. He was also one of the founders of the Hungarian National Museum and played a key role in preserving and promoting Hungarian culture and history.
One of Fáy's most famous works is "A bor" (The Wine), a play that he wrote in 1816. The play was a huge success and is still considered to be a masterpiece of Hungarian literature. Fáy's other works include poetry, novels, and essays.
Throughout his life, Fáy was a passionate advocate for freedom and democracy, and he played an important role in the struggle for Hungarian independence in the 19th century. He was a member of the Diet of Hungary and worked tirelessly to promote social and political reform.
Fáy's legacy is still felt in Hungary today, and he is remembered as one of the most important literary figures of the 19th century. His work continues to inspire writers and thinkers in Hungary and around the world.
In addition to his literary and cultural contributions, Fáy was also a key figure in the development of Hungarian economics. He was one of the first people to advocate for free trade and was a strong supporter of industrialization in Hungary. Fáy's economic theories and policies helped pave the way for modernization and growth in Hungary.
Fáy was also known for his close friendship with the poet Sándor Petőfi, who he mentored and helped to develop as a writer. The two men had a close relationship and were both passionate about Hungarian independence.
Despite his important contributions to Hungarian culture and politics, Fáy was also a controversial figure. He was accused of being too radical and was often at odds with the political establishment. However, his influence and impact on Hungarian society cannot be denied, and he remains an important figure in Hungarian history.
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Nándor Dáni (May 30, 1871 Budapest-December 31, 1949 Budapest) also known as Nandor Dani was a Hungarian personality.
He was a prominent Hungarian lawyer, politician, and statesman. Dáni was a member of the Hungarian parliament, where he served as the Speaker of the House of Representatives from 1919-1920. He also served as the Minister of Justice and Public Education during the Hungarian Soviet Republic in 1919.
Dáni was a leading figure in the legal profession in Hungary and was known for his advocacy of civil liberties and human rights. He authored several influential legal texts, including a book on constitutional law, and was an outspoken opponent of the authoritarian regime of Admiral Horthy.
Alongside his legal and political career, Dáni was an accomplished amateur astronomer and made significant contributions to the field. He discovered several comets and was a member of the Hungarian Astronomical Association.
Despite facing political persecution and imprisonment under the Horthy regime, Dáni continued to advocate for democracy and individual rights until his death. He remains an important figure in Hungarian legal and political history.
In addition to his political and astronomical pursuits, Nándor Dáni was a noted art collector and patron of the arts. He had a particular interest in modern Hungarian art and supported many young artists, including János Mattis-Teutsch and Vilmos Aba-Novák. Dáni's collection of modern Hungarian art included works by some of the leading artists of the time, such as László Moholy-Nagy and Béla Czóbel. Some of the works from his collection can be found in museums and galleries throughout Hungary today.
Dáni's passion for astronomy also extended beyond the discovery of comets. He was involved in the design and construction of an observatory in Pilisszentkereszt, Hungary, which was completed in 1933. The observatory, named after Dáni, contained a 60 cm reflector telescope and became one of the leading astronomical research institutions in Hungary. Dáni was also a member of the International Astronomical Union and was recognized for his contributions to the field with the naming of asteroid "Dáni" in his honor.
Nándor Dáni's legacy continues to inspire scholars and researchers in Hungary and beyond. His contributions to law, politics, astronomy, and the arts have earned him a place as one of Hungary's most distinguished citizens.
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Gladys Vanderbilt Széchenyi (August 27, 1886 Newport-January 29, 1965 Washington, D.C.) also known as Gladys Vanderbilt Szechenyi was a Hungarian personality.
Born into the wealthy Vanderbilt family, Gladys Vanderbilt Széchenyi was a notable socialite in her time. She was a prominent figure in the high society of Newport, Rhode Island during the Gilded Age, where her family owned a lavish summer estate. She became an international celebrity when she married Hungarian count, Albert Apponyi Széchenyi in 1912, and went on to spend much of her life in Hungary, becoming a part of Hungarian aristocracy.
Beyond her fame and wealth, Gladys Vanderbilt Széchenyi was also known for her philanthropic efforts. During World War II, she helped found the Hungarian Relief Fund in the United States, which raised millions of dollars to aid Hungarian refugees and those affected by the war. Later in life, she also donated millions of dollars to various organizations, including those dedicated to animal welfare and the arts.
Gladys Vanderbilt Széchenyi lived a fascinating life, full of luxury, glamour, and generosity, and her legacy continues to inspire many today.
In addition to her philanthropic work, Gladys Vanderbilt Széchenyi also made significant contributions to the world of art. She was an accomplished painter and sculptor, and her works were exhibited in galleries and museums across Europe and the United States. She was also a patron of the arts, supporting emerging artists and musicians. During her time in Hungary, she helped establish the Hungarian National Gallery and was a supporter of the Hungarian State Opera.
Gladys Vanderbilt Széchenyi was a trailblazer in many ways. She was one of the first women to drive a car in Europe and was known for her independent spirit and strong will. She was a devoted mother to her three children and played an active role in their upbringing, traveling with them extensively and exposing them to different cultures and experiences.
Despite her many accomplishments, Gladys Vanderbilt Széchenyi's life was not without its challenges. She endured two World Wars, the loss of her husband, her son's imprisonment in a concentration camp, and later, her own struggles with physical and mental health. Through it all, however, she remained resilient and continued to give back to others.
Today, Gladys Vanderbilt Széchenyi is remembered as a remarkable woman whose life was filled with adventure, glamour, and compassion. Her contributions to society continue to inspire and her legacy lives on through the organizations she supported and the many lives she touched.
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Lajos Egri (June 4, 1888 Eger-April 5, 1967 United States of America) was a Hungarian writer.
He is best known for his work as a playwright, particularly his book "The Art of Dramatic Writing", which is still used as a textbook in many writing programs. Egri's other notable works include "The Ten- Minute Play", "How to Write a Play" and "The Dramatic Story of Hungary". He immigrated to the United States in 1939 and settled in New York City where he continued to write and teach. Egri was also an acting coach and produced several works for the stage. He made significant contributions to the field of playwriting and is considered a pioneer in the craft.
Egri's early life was marked by hardship and poverty. He was raised in a small Hungarian village, where he worked as a laborer and apprentice tailor. Despite this difficult upbringing, Egri developed a love for literature and eventually made his way to Budapest, where he enrolled in university. He started his writing career as a journalist before transitioning to playwriting.
In addition to his writing and teaching, Egri was also an advocate for human rights and democracy. His experiences living under authoritarian regimes in both Hungary and Germany inspired him to become politically active. He wrote articles in support of democratic movements and helped refugees fleeing persecution.
Egri's influence on modern playwriting and storytelling cannot be overstated. His insistence on developing strong characters and creating conflict to drive the plot has become a cornerstone of the craft. His legacy lives on not only in his writing but in the many writers he mentored and inspired throughout his career.
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Aaron Chorin (August 3, 1766 Hranice-August 24, 1844 Arad) was a Hungarian personality.
He was a rabbi, physician, and one of the pioneers of the Jewish Enlightenment movement. Chorin was the first Jew in Hungary to receive a degree in medicine, and his medical skill earned him the title of court physician from the Habsburgs. He was also a prolific writer, publishing numerous works on medicine and Judaism, as well as advocating for the modernization of Jewish religious practices. Chorin believed that Jews should adapt to the modern world, including using the vernacular language rather than Hebrew in worship and embracing secular education. His ideas were controversial within the Jewish community, but he ultimately helped to pave the way for the modernization of Judaism in Hungary and beyond.
In addition to his contributions to medicine and Judaism, Aaron Chorin was also involved in politics. He was a member of the Hungarian Diet, the legislative body of Hungary, and was known for advocating for political and civil rights for Jews. Chorin also played a role in the establishment of the first Reform Jewish synagogue in Hungary, which sought to reconcile traditional Jewish beliefs and practices with modern values and customs. Today, Chorin is remembered as an important figure in the history of Hungarian and Jewish culture, and his legacy continues to inspire those who seek to bridge the gap between tradition and modernity.
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János Irinyi (May 17, 1817 Albis-December 17, 1895) otherwise known as Janos Irinyi was a Hungarian chemist.
He is best known for inventing the noiseless and non-explosive match, also known as the safety match, in 1836. Prior to his invention, matches were dangerous and often caused fires and explosions. Irinyi's design used a mixture of antimony sulfide, potassium chlorate, and gum to make a head that could be struck against a surface to create a flame.
In addition to his work on matches, Irinyi also worked on developing new methods for manufacturing gunpowder and improving the production of gas for street lighting. He was a professor at the University of Pest, where he taught chemistry and physics. Irinyi was passionate about education and believed in making science accessible to a wider audience. To this end, he wrote several books and articles on chemistry, including one on the dangers of working with mercury that was used as a textbook in Hungarian schools.
Irinyi was born in the town of Albis, which is now part of Slovakia, but he spent most of his life in Hungary. He studied at the University of Pest and received his doctorate in chemistry in 1840. After completing his studies, he worked as a chemist in various industries, including glassmaking, before becoming a professor at his alma mater. In addition to his scientific work, Irinyi was also involved with politics and was a member of the Hungarian Parliament. He was a strong supporter of Hungarian independence and worked towards this goal throughout his life. Despite facing opposition and persecution from the Austrian authorities, Irinyi remained committed to his political and scientific beliefs. Today, he is remembered as one of Hungary's greatest scientists and an important figure in the development of modern chemistry.
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Mihály Zichy (October 15, 1827 Zala County-February 28, 1906 Saint Petersburg) a.k.a. Mihaly Zichy was a Hungarian personality.
He was a prominent artist who was primarily known for his portraiture, historical and genre paintings, and illustrations. Zichy produced several works of art that were exhibited in prominent exhibitions, such as the Universal Exhibition in Paris and the World Expo in Vienna. His artworks were also displayed in major galleries and museums around the world.
Zichy traveled extensively throughout Europe and lived in various cities such as Munich, Paris, and St. Petersburg. He gained international recognition for his talent, and he was awarded several prestigious honors, including the Order of St. Anna and the Order of St. Stanislaus.
Aside from his artistic career, Zichy was also known for his philanthropic endeavors, particularly in the areas of education and the arts. He initiated several projects and donated his resources to support the development of schools, libraries, and art galleries in Hungary, France, and Russia.
Zichy continued to work until his last days and left a significant legacy in the world of art. His works continue to inspire young artists and remain important contributions to the cultural heritage of Hungary and the world.
Some of Zichy's notable works include a portrait of the famous pianist Franz Liszt, which is displayed at the Hungarian National Museum, and a series of illustrations for Goethe's "Faust." He also produced a number of paintings depicting historical events such as the Battle of Waterloo and the coronation of Franz Joseph I of Austria.
Zichy was born into an aristocratic family and initially pursued a career in the military before deciding to focus on art. He studied in Vienna and Munich before settling in Paris in 1858. In Paris, he became part of the artistic community and established professional relationships with other notable artists of the time.
In 1869, Zichy moved to St. Petersburg, where he became a court artist and worked on numerous projects for the Russian royal family. He also continued to exhibit his works in major international exhibitions and gained further recognition for his talent.
Zichy was a versatile artist who experimented with various styles and techniques throughout his career. His art is characterized by its attention to detail, vibrant colors, and dramatic compositions. He also had a keen sense of humor, which is evident in some of his caricatures and satirical illustrations.
Overall, Mihály Zichy was a highly respected artist and philanthropist who made significant contributions to the world of art and culture. His legacy continues to inspire and influence generations of artists worldwide.
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Jenő Hubay (September 15, 1858 Pest, Hungary-March 12, 1937 Budapest) also known as Jeno Hubay or Hubay, Jeno was a Hungarian personality.
Discography: The Romantic Violin Concerto, Volume 3: Violin Concerto no. 3, op. 99 / Violin Concerto no. 4 "All' antica", op. 101 / Variations sur un theme hongrois, op. 72, Violin Concertos and The Romantic Violin Concerto, Volume 6: Violin Concerto no. 1, op. 21 "Dramatique" / Violin Concerto no. 2, op. 90 / Suite for Violin and Orchestra, op. 5.
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Sari Biro (March 24, 1912 Budapest-September 2, 1990) was a Hungarian pianist.
Her family emigrated to the United States in 1921, and she continued her studies in New York City. She made her debut with the New York Philharmonic at the age of 14 and then studied at the Curtis Institute of Music in Philadelphia. Biro received critical acclaim throughout her career for her deep musical insight and exceptional technique. She was known for her interpretations of Bach, Beethoven, and Chopin, as well as contemporary composers such as Bartok and Stravinsky. Biro gave recitals throughout the United States and Europe and also performed as a soloist with major orchestras. She made several recordings, including Bach's Goldberg Variations, for which she received a Grammy nomination. In addition to her performing career, Biro taught at the Manhattan School of Music and the Juilliard School. She died in New York City at the age of 78.
Biro's talent was recognized at a young age, and she was hailed as a prodigy. Her parents were both musicians who had studied with legendary virtuoso Franz Liszt, and they played an instrumental role in shaping her career. Biro's father was her first piano teacher, and she quickly surpassed his abilities. She was offered a scholarship to study at the Juilliard School when she was just 11 years old, but her parents preferred that she continue studying privately.
Biro's career spanned several decades, and she remained active in the music community until her death. She was a sought-after performer and teacher, and her students included several notable pianists. In addition to her recordings, Biro was also featured on television and radio broadcasts, and she was a frequent guest on talk shows and other programs.
Despite her success, Biro was known for her modest and unassuming demeanor. She once said that she considered herself more of a "craftsman" than an artist, and that her goal was simply to convey the music as faithfully as possible. Nevertheless, her artistry left a lasting impression on all those who knew and worked with her.
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Géza Ottlik (May 9, 1912 Budapest-October 9, 1990 Budapest) also known as Geza Ottlik was a Hungarian writer and mathematician.
He studied mathematics and physics at the University of Budapest, where he later became a professor of mathematics. Ottlik published a number of works on mathematics and science, including a textbook on geometry that became a classic in Hungary. In addition to his contributions to the field of mathematics, Ottlik was a successful writer, publishing several novels, essays, and plays throughout his career. He is best known for his novel "School at the Frontier," which was published in Hungary in 1959 and has since been translated into multiple languages. The novel is set in a military boarding school during World War II and explores themes of discipline, morality, and adolescence. Ottlik's writing is known for its philosophical themes and exploration of the human condition.
Ottlik began his career as a writer in the 1930s, publishing his first novel, "Vigyen el a diák!" in 1932. However, his writing career was interrupted by World War II, during which he fought as a soldier and was later held as a prisoner of war in Russia. After the war, Ottlik returned to Hungary and resumed his academic career, as well as his writing. He became a member of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences and was awarded numerous honors and prizes for his contributions to mathematics and literature.
In addition to "School at the Frontier," Ottlik's other notable works include "The One and a Half-Eyed Archer," a collection of short stories, and "Invisible Head," a novel that explores the concept of identity through the story of a man who wakes up one morning with no memory.
Ottlik's life and work were shaped by his experiences living in Hungary during a time of political upheaval and social change. His writing reflects his deep understanding of human nature and his belief in the power of literature to explore and illuminate the complexities of the world.
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Franz Polgar (April 18, 1900-April 5, 1979) was a Hungarian magician and psychologist.
He is widely recognized as one of the greatest card magicians of his time and was known for his performance of the "theater of the mind" trick, where he would seemingly read the thoughts of audience members. Polgar was also a practicing psychologist and incorporated elements of psychology into his performances, using suggestion and hypnosis to enhance the overall effect. He performed internationally for over 50 years and was the subject of a documentary film titled "The Great Polgar." Polgar also authored several books on magic and psychology, including "Magic and Showmanship: A Handbook for Conjurers" and "The Secret Language of Dreams."
Polgar's interest in magic began at a young age when he witnessed a traveling magician's performance. He began practicing magic tricks and honing his skills in psychology, eventually merging the two. Polgar's success in magic and psychology led him to be a sought-after consultant for Hollywood films and television shows, including advising on the television series "The Mentalist." Polgar was also a founding member of the Magic Castle in Hollywood, a private club for magicians, where he performed regularly until his death in 1979. Despite his success as a magician, Polgar continued his work as a psychologist throughout his career, conducting research and publishing papers on topics such as dream interpretation and mentalism.
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Sándor Kopácsi (March 5, 1922 Miskolc-March 2, 2001) was a Hungarian personality.
He was a police chief and a key figure during the Hungarian Revolution of 1956. Kopácsi was known for standing up against the Soviet forces that occupied Hungary at the time and for his efforts to protect the revolutionaries. He was eventually arrested and sentenced to life in prison, but was released in 1963 through a prisoner exchange. After his release, he was continuously monitored by the authorities and ultimately forced into hiding to avoid persecution. Following the fall of the Soviet Union, Kopácsi returned to public life and was recognized for his heroic efforts during the revolution. He wrote a book about his experiences, "In the Name of the Working Class," which was later made into a film.
Furthermore, after his release from prison, Kopácsi settled in Austria before finally moving to Germany in 1967. He worked as a journalist, writing for eminent newspapers such as Die Welt, Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung, and Die Presse. In 1989, he was able to return to Hungary after the Communist regime collapsed, and he was given a hero's welcome. Kopácsi became a member of the Budapest City Assembly and was elected a member of the Hungarian Parliament in 1990. He was also awarded the Order of Merit of the Republic of Hungary, and the City of Budapest named a park in his honor. Kopácsi continued to dedicate his life to public service and to promote democracy until his death in 2001.
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Rudolf Kárpáti (July 17, 1920 Budapest-February 1, 1999 Budapest) also known as Rudolf Karpati was a Hungarian personality.
He was a prolific athlete and one of the most successful Hungarian fencers of all time. Kárpáti won three Olympic gold medals in individual sabre, one in team sabre, and two silver medals in team sabre. He also won multiple World Championships and European Championships throughout his career. Kárpáti's success on the fencing strip made him a national hero and he was widely respected both in Hungary and around the world. He later became a fencing coach and trained several successful fencers, including his daughter, who also competed at the Olympics. In addition to his athletic accomplishments, Kárpáti was a trained sculptor and created several works of art during his lifetime.
Kárpáti was born into a Jewish family and grew up during a tumultuous time in Hungarian history, which included World War II and the Holocaust. He managed to survive the Holocaust by obtaining false papers and going into hiding, while many of his family members were tragically killed. After the war, he resumed his successful fencing career and became an important cultural and sports figure in Hungary. In 1956, Kárpáti, along with several other Hungarian athletes, publicly protested against the Soviet Union's intervention in the Hungarian Revolution. He was subsequently banned from competing for a period of time but later returned to the sport. Kárpáti was awarded numerous honors during his lifetime, including the Hungarian Order of Merit, and his legacy continues to inspire young athletes and artists in Hungary to this day.
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Lars Ernster (May 4, 1920 Hungary-November 4, 1998) was a Hungarian professor and writer.
Ernster emigrated from Hungary in 1956 with his wife and daughter, and settled in Sweden. He became a professor of biochemistry at Karolinska Institutet in Stockholm and made important contributions to the understanding of the electron transport chain in mitochondria. In addition to his scientific work, Ernster was an accomplished writer and published several books on history and philosophy, including a biography of Nikola Tesla. He was also a member of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences.
Ernster was born as Lajos Ernster in Budapest, Hungary, to a Jewish family. He completed his undergraduate studies in Budapest and earned his PhD in biochemistry from the University of Szeged. During World War II, he served in the Hungarian army and was later imprisoned in a German concentration camp. After the war, he joined the faculty at the University of Szeged and became a prominent figure in Hungarian biochemistry.
Ernster's research on mitochondrial electron transfer led to the discovery of several important molecules involved in energy metabolism. His work on the topic laid the foundation for the study of mitochondrial function in health and disease. He was recognized with numerous awards for his contributions to science, including the prestigious Wolf Prize in Medicine in 1994.
Ernster's interests in history and philosophy led him to publish several books on these topics. His biography of Nikola Tesla, a Serbian-American inventor, engineer, and physicist, was well received and has been translated into several languages. Ernster was also an advocate for human rights and served as a member of several organizations dedicated to promoting peace and understanding between nations.
Ernster retired from Karolinska Institutet in 1985 but continued to write and lecture on various topics until his death in 1998. He was survived by his wife Eva and their daughter Gabriella.
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Pál Szalai (September 3, 1915 Budapest-January 16, 1994 Los Angeles) was a Hungarian personality.
He was most well known for his work as a film producer, having produced over 60 films throughout his career. He also worked as a journalist and writer, contributing to various Hungarian newspapers and magazines. Szalai was active in the Hungarian resistance during World War II, and eventually fled Hungary in 1948 after the communist takeover. He settled in the United States, where he continued his work in the entertainment industry, producing several successful films and television series. Szalai was also involved in various philanthropic endeavors, supporting numerous Hungarian-American organizations and causes.
One of the most notable films that Szalai produced was the 1955 movie "The Proud and the Beautiful," starring Michèle Morgan and Gérard Philipe. He also produced the 1958 film "The Quiet American," an adaptation of Graham Greene's novel, which starred Michael Redgrave and Audie Murphy. In addition to his work in film, Szalai was also a successful television producer, creating and producing several popular TV shows throughout the 1960s and 1970s, including "The Flintstones" and "Gilligan's Island." Szalai was a well-respected figure in the Hungarian-American community, and was awarded the Hungarian Gold Cross in recognition of his contributions to Hungarian culture and philanthropy.
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Frigyes Hidas (May 25, 1928 Budapest-March 7, 2007) was a Hungarian personality.
He is most notably recognized for his work as a composer, primarily composing for wind instruments. His compositions include numerous pieces for solo clarinet, as well as works for saxophone, brass and woodwind ensembles, and symphonic bands. Hidas studied at the Liszt Ferenc Academy of Music in Budapest, where he later became a professor. He was also awarded the Hungarian Golden Cross of Merit for his contributions to music. In addition to his compositions, Hidas was an accomplished clarinetist and performed with various orchestras throughout his career.
His music has been performed by numerous international ensembles and has earned him multiple awards and honors, including the Bartok-Pasztory Prize in 1962 and the Prize of the Hungarian Radio in 1969. Hidas was also a member of the Hungarian Composers' Union and became an honorary citizen of his hometown of Budapest. In addition to his contributions to music, Hidas was also a prolific writer, publishing a memoir as well as several educational books about music. Hidas is considered to be one of the most important Hungarian composers of the 20th century and his works continue to be performed and studied by musicians around the world.
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Sándor Szomori (November 6, 1910-October 27, 1989) was a Hungarian personality.
He was born in Budapest, Hungary and lived most of his life in his home country. Szomori was known for his work as a journalist, writer, and translator. He worked for several Hungarian newspapers, including Új Magyarság and Magyar Nemzet, where he covered a wide range of topics, including politics, culture, and sports.
In addition to his work as a journalist, Szomori was a well-respected translator, known for his translations of works by English authors such as William Shakespeare and Charles Dickens into Hungarian. He also wrote several books, including a memoir about his experiences as a journalist during World War II.
Szomori was a well-respected figure in Hungarian literary circles and received several awards during his lifetime, including the József Attila Prize for literature. He passed away at the age of 78 in Budapest, leaving behind a legacy as an important figure in Hungarian journalism and literature.
Szomori began his career as a journalist at a young age, working for the sports section of the newspaper Magyar Hírlap. Later on, he joined the editorial board of Új Magyarság, where he became known for his in-depth coverage of political news. He also wrote extensively on Hungarian culture, including music, theatre, and literature.
In addition to his journalism work, Szomori was a talented translator who helped bring English literature to a Hungarian audience. He translated several works of Shakespeare, including "Hamlet" and "Macbeth," and also translated Dickens' classic novel "Oliver Twist."
During World War II, Szomori served as a war correspondent, reporting on events in Hungary and Europe. His experiences during the war, which included being imprisoned by the Gestapo, greatly influenced his later writing, and he wrote a memoir about his experiences titled "Szilfák a kockakőn" ("Trees on Cobblestones").
In recognition of his contributions to Hungarian literature and journalism, Szomori was awarded numerous honors during his lifetime, including the prestigious József Attila Prize twice, in 1950 and 1966. Today, he is remembered as a figure who brought a unique perspective to his work and left behind a lasting impact on Hungarian culture.
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