Here are 3 famous musicians from Indonesia died at 42:
Dipa Nusantara Aidit (July 30, 1923 Medan-November 22, 1965) was an Indonesian politician.
He was one of the prominent members of the Indonesian Communist Party (PKI) and played a key role in the party's organizational structure. Dipa was born in Medan, North Sumatra and started his political career while studying at an Islamic boarding school in Java. He later joined the PKI and became a leading figure in the party's youth wing, the Pemuda Rakyat (People's Youth). In 1951, Dipa was elected to the Central Committee of the PKI and became one of the party's most influential leaders.
During the 1960s, tensions between the PKI and the Indonesian military escalated, leading to a conflict known as the "30 September Movement". Dipa was accused of being one of the masterminds behind the movement, which aimed to overthrow the government. After the failure of the movement, Dipa went into hiding but was eventually captured by the military. He was put on trial by a military court and sentenced to death.
Dipa's execution along with other prominent members of the PKI in November 1965 marked the start of a violent anti-communist purge in Indonesia that resulted in the death of hundreds of thousands of people. Today, Dipa is remembered as a significant figure in the history of Indonesian communism and is honored by the PKI as a hero and martyr.
Dipa Nusantara Aidit was known for his charismatic leadership and oratorical skills. He was a strong advocate for communism and played a key role in the party's efforts to gain support from Indonesia's rural populations. Dipa was also involved in the establishment of the Indonesian Women's Movement (Gerwani) which aimed to empower women and promote gender equality in the country.
Aside from his political career, Dipa was also a prolific writer and penned several books on Marxist theory and Indonesian politics. He was known to be a voracious reader and was well-versed in various political ideologies.
Dipa's legacy remains controversial in Indonesia today. While the PKI continues to venerate him as a hero and martyr, many Indonesians view the party as a threat to national security. The anti-communist purge that began after Dipa's execution in 1965 has had a lasting impact on Indonesian politics, and the country's communist past remains a sensitive and divisive topic.
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Iwan Simatupang (January 18, 1928 North Sumatra-August 4, 1970 Jakarta) was an Indonesian writer.
He began his writing career while still in high school, publishing his first short story in Peladjar magazine in 1945. Simatupang later attended the University of Indonesia, studying law before pursuing a career in literature. His most famous work, "The Weaverbirds", published in 1951, explores themes of communism and rebellion in post-colonial Indonesia. Simatupang was also known for his use of surrealism and magical realism in his writing, which set him apart from many of his contemporaries. He was awarded the Southeast Asian Writers Award in 1961 for his contributions to literature. Despite his short life and career, Iwan Simatupang remains one of the most influential writers in Indonesian literature.
Simatupang's career was marked by political controversies and struggles with censorship. In 1963, he was arrested by the government for his leftist political views and was imprisoned for six months. After his release, he worked as a journalist and editor for several newspapers, including Harian Merdeka and Indonesia Raya. In addition to his literary contributions, Simatupang was also involved in the Indonesian art scene, creating abstract paintings and participating in art exhibitions. He died in 1970 at the young age of 42 from liver cancer. Despite his short life, Simatupang's impact on Indonesian literature and culture can still be felt today.
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M. Sardi (December 1, 1910 Yogyakarta-October 21, 1953 Jakarta) also known as Sardi was an Indonesian composer, musician and film score composer. His child is called Idris Sardi.
Sardi grew up studying the violin and traditional Javanese music. He started his career as a professional musician in the 1930s, playing in various bands and orchestras. In the 1940s, he composed music for several films, including the hit movie "Srigala Item" ("The Black Wolf").
Some of Sardi's most famous works include the song "Rayuan Pulau Kelapa" ("The Temptation of Coconut Island"), which has become an iconic Indonesian song, and the score for the film "Darah dan Doa" ("Blood and Prayer"), which is considered a classic of Indonesian cinema.
Apart from his work in music, Sardi was also active in politics and was a member of the People's Representative Council. However, he was arrested in 1950 by the Dutch colonial authorities and imprisoned for several years. After his release, he continued to compose music but was often censored by the government.
Sardi died in 1953 at the age of 42, leaving behind a legacy as one of Indonesia's most influential musicians and composers. His son Idris Sardi followed in his footsteps and also became a prominent musician and composer.
Sardi's contributions to Indonesian music were not limited to film scores and popular songs. He was also a pioneer in the field of contemporary classical music in Indonesia, experimenting with new forms and techniques. He founded the Orkes Sehari-Hari (Everyday Orchestra) in 1949, which became known for its innovative compositions and performances. Sardi's interest in traditional Javanese music also inspired him to create new works that combined Western classical music with gamelan, a traditional Indonesian ensemble.
Despite his success and acclaim, Sardi faced numerous challenges during his career. He often struggled to make a living as a musician and had to take on many different jobs to support his family. He also faced censorship from the government, which viewed some of his music as politically subversive.
Today, Sardi is remembered as a national hero in Indonesia and a pioneer of modern Indonesian music. His music continues to be celebrated and performed by musicians and enthusiasts across the country.
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