Russian musicians died at 38

Here are 3 famous musicians from Russian Empire died at 38:

Yevgeny Petrov

Yevgeny Petrov (December 13, 1903 Odessa-July 2, 1942 Rostov Oblast) a.k.a. Yevgeni Petrovich Kataev, Yakov Aleksandrovich Protazanov, Ya.A. Protazanov, J.A. Protozanov, Ya. Protazanov, Jakov Protazanov, Jacob Protozanoff, Евгений Петрович Катаев, Евгений Петров, Yevgeny Petrovich Katayev, Eugene Petrov, Petrov, Evgeni Petrovich Kataev, Yevgeni Petrovich Katayev or Yevgeni Petrov was a Russian writer and screenwriter. He had two children, Ilya E. Kataev and Peter E. Kataev.

Yevgeny Petrov was born in Odessa, Ukraine and grew up in a literary family. His father, Petro Kataev, was a writer and journalist, and his brother, Valentin Kataev, was a well-known writer in Russia. Petrov began his literary career as a journalist and worked for several newspapers and magazines. He later turned to writing fiction and became famous for his satirical novels and plays. His most famous work is "The Golden Calf", which he co-wrote with Ilya Ilf. The novel is considered a classic of Russian literature and a masterpiece of Soviet satire. Petrov and Ilf also wrote several other successful books, including "One-Storied America" and "The Twelve Chairs". During World War II, Petrov worked as a war correspondent for the Soviet army. He was killed in action in 1942 while covering the front lines in Rostov Oblast. Despite his short life, Petrov left a lasting legacy as one of the greatest satirists and humorists in Russian literature.

In addition to his collaboration with Ilya Ilf, Yevgeny Petrov wrote several successful plays, including "Love and Boredom" and "Comedians". He was also a prolific screenwriter, and his works were often adapted for film, including "The Twelve Chairs" and "The Golden Calf". Petrov was known for his sharp wit and biting satire, which often commented on the social and political issues of his time. He was a popular writer during the Soviet era, and his works continue to be studied and celebrated in Russia today. Yevgeny Petrov's legacy also extends beyond literature, as his name has been given to streets, schools, and other institutions in Russia and Ukraine.

Petrov was also known for his close friendship with fellow writer, Ilya Ilf. The two met in 1928 and quickly became writing partners. They traveled extensively together, including a famous road trip across the United States, which later formed the basis for their book, "One-Storied America". Their collaboration on "The Twelve Chairs" and "The Golden Calf" is still considered a high point in Russian literature. In addition to his writing, Petrov was an accomplished photographer and took many of the photographs used in his books. After his death, his widow, Zoya Voskresenskaya, published a biography about him titled "Petrov and Ilf". In 2013, a monument dedicated to Petrov and Ilf was erected in Moscow. Despite his short life, Yevgeny Petrov's contributions to literature and culture continue to be cherished and celebrated.

Petrov's works have been translated into many languages and continue to be popular globally. His blend of humor, satire, and social commentary has been widely appreciated by readers around the world. In addition to his literary achievements, he was also a talented musician and played the guitar and ukulele. Petrov was a colorful personality and is remembered for his wit, charm, and engaging personality. His life and works have been the subject of numerous studies and biographies, which continue to shed light on his enduring legacy. Despite the challenges of his time, Petrov's writing was a powerful tool for bringing laughter and joy to readers. His unique style, sharp insight, and ability to capture the humor in everyday life remain an inspiration to writers and readers alike. Today, his name continues to be associated with some of the greatest works of Russian literature and his influence can be felt in the works of many contemporary writers.

Petrov's legacy has also had a significant impact on Russian popular culture. Several film adaptations have been made of his works, including the 1966 film "The Twelve Chairs", directed by Leonid Gaidai, which is considered a classic of Soviet cinema. The film was a box office success and is still popular in Russia today. In addition, a musical adaptation of "The Twelve Chairs" was created in 2005 and has been performed in theaters throughout Russia. Petrov's influence can also be seen in modern Russian humor and satire, as his works continue to inspire new generations of writers and comedians. His legacy as a master of satire and humor has made him an enduring figure in Russian literature and culture, and his works continue to be read and enjoyed by people around the world.

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Guillaume Apollinaire

Guillaume Apollinaire (August 25, 1880 Rome-November 9, 1918 Paris) also known as Wilhelm Albert Włodzimierz Apolinary Kostrowicki, Guillelmus Apollinaris De Kostrowitzki, Wilhelm Albert Włodzimierz Apollinaris de Wąż-Kostrowicky or Wilhelm Albert Vladimir Apollonaris de Kostrowicki was a Russian writer, art critic, poet and playwright.

Apollinaire was born to a Polish mother and an Italian father, but grew up in France. He was interested in poetry from a young age and wrote his first poems in French at the age of 17. Apollinaire's work is known for its avant-garde style and experimentation with form and language, and he is considered a major figure in the development of modernist literature. Some of his most famous works include the poetry collection Alcools and the play The Breasts of Tiresias. Apollinaire was also a champion of the Cubist art movement and was friends with many of its leading figures, including Pablo Picasso. Despite his relatively short life, Apollinaire had a significant impact on the cultural landscape of Paris in the early 20th century.

The impact of Apollinaire's works and ideas extended far beyond the literary world. He was also deeply involved in the artistic and cultural scene of Paris, where he mingled with some of the most important figures of the time, including James Joyce, Marcel Duchamp, and André Breton. Apollinaire was also a member of the French army during World War I and was wounded in battle. While he initially supported the war, his experiences as a soldier led him to become a vocal critic of the conflict and its devastating effects. He was also known for his love affairs, including with artist Marie Laurencin and writer Colette. Apollinaire's life and works continue to be celebrated and studied by scholars around the world as symbols of the avant-garde movement of the early 20th century.

Apollinaire's legacy is vast and varied, and he is remembered as a writer who bridged the gap between traditional literature and the avant-garde. His literary innovations, such as calligrammes (poetry in which the words are arranged in a specific shape), challenged conventional ideas about poetry and influenced generations of writers to come. Apollinaire's role in promoting the works of artists like Picasso and Duchamp helped to establish their reputations as important figures in the art world. In addition to his literary and artistic accomplishments, Apollinaire was also an influential music critic, and he is credited with coining the term "surrealism." His contributions to the development of modern art and literature have earned him a place among the most important figures of the early 20th century.

Apollinaire's death in 1918 was a shock to the cultural world. He was only 38 years old and had already made a significant impact on literature and art. Apollinaire's passing was also mourned by his many friends and lovers, who included prominent figures like Picasso, Laurencin, and Colette, among others. In the years following his death, Apollinaire's works and ideas continued to inspire new generations of artists and writers. His influence can be seen in the works of poets like Ezra Pound and T.S. Eliot, as well as in the visual art of Salvador Dali and Rene Magritte. Today, Apollinaire is celebrated as a trailblazer who pushed the boundaries of traditional art and literature, paving the way for future innovations and experimentation.

In addition to his literary and artistic accomplishments, Apollinaire was also a polyglot, fluent in French, Italian, Polish, and Russian. He was known for his ability to move between different cultures and languages, and his experiences living in different countries and speaking multiple languages influenced his writing in powerful ways. Apollinaire was also a prolific letter writer and maintained correspondence with many of his contemporaries, including Gertrude Stein and Henri Rousseau. Some of his letters have been collected and published, providing further insight into his life and ideas. Despite his impact on literary and artistic circles, Apollinaire remains something of an enigmatic figure, and his life and work continue to fascinate scholars and readers alike over a century after his death.

He died in influenza.

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Petras Cvirka

Petras Cvirka (March 12, 1909 Jurbarkas District Municipality-May 2, 1947 Vilnius) was a Russian personality.

This is incorrect. Petras Cvirka was actually a Lithuanian writer who wrote in Lithuanian language. He was a prominent figure in the Lithuanian literary scene during the first half of the 20th century.

Cvirka was born in a small village in Lithuania and went on to study law in university. However, he dropped out to pursue a career in writing. His literary works were mainly focused on social issues and depicted the struggles of the working class.

During the Soviet occupation of Lithuania, Cvirka became involved in politics and joined the Communist Party. He was seen as a divisive figure, with some seeing him as a champion of the working class, while others saw him as a traitor to Lithuanian culture and values.

After the war, Cvirka was arrested and executed by the new Soviet authorities in 1947. Despite the controversies surrounding his political views, Cvirka's literary contributions continue to be studied and appreciated in Lithuania today.

Cvirka's writing career was prolific, producing several acclaimed works of fiction, including novels such as "The Seven White Steeds," "The Sons of Heaven," and "The Elephant." He also wrote numerous short stories and essays that addressed issues such as class struggle, poverty, and the oppression of the working class. His writing was known for its realism and attention to detail, capturing the everyday lives of ordinary people in Lithuania.

Despite his political leanings, Cvirka's work received critical acclaim during his lifetime, winning several literary prizes and earning him recognition as one of the most important Lithuanian writers of the 20th century. Today, his legacy is celebrated in Lithuania through literary awards named after him and by scholars who continue to study and analyze his works.

Cvirka's contributions to Lithuanian literature were significant not just for their literary value, but also for their impact on Lithuanian language itself. In his works, Cvirka incorporated elements of colloquial Lithuanian, making it accessible to a wider audience and helping to establish it as a legitimate literary language.Throughout his career, Cvirka was also involved in journalism, writing articles for newspapers and magazines on political and social issues. He used his platform to promote Communist ideals and advocate for the rights of the working class, often putting him at odds with other Lithuanian writers who saw themselves as defenders of traditional Lithuanian culture despite his popularity among young people and workers.Beyond his literary and political pursuits, Cvirka was known for his personal charm and sociability. He had a wide circle of friends and acquaintances, including other prominent writers and intellectuals of his time. Today, he is remembered not just for his literary contributions, but also for his impact on Lithuanian society and culture as a whole.

Cvirka was also instrumental in the formation of the Lithuanian Writers' Union, serving as one of its founding members and as its first chairman. The union played an important role in promoting and preserving Lithuanian literature, particularly during the Soviet era when many writers were persecuted for their political beliefs.When Cvirka was arrested and executed by Soviet authorities in 1947, his death was seen as a great loss to the world of literature and to Lithuanian culture. Despite this, his legacy and influence continue to inspire new generations of writers and thinkers in Lithuania today.

In addition to his literary and political pursuits, Petras Cvirka was also a translator, translating works by Russian and foreign authors into Lithuanian. He was a champion of Soviet literature and believed that it had the power to inspire and educate the masses. Cvirka's translations helped to introduce Lithuanian readers to new literary styles and ideas from around the world, further bolstering the development of Lithuanian literature as a whole.Cvirka's early works were influenced by the Lithuanian national revival, but as his political views shifted, his writing became more focused on Marxist ideology. Despite this shift, Cvirka continued to be praised for his ability to capture the nuances of everyday Lithuanian life in his writing, no matter the political leanings behind it. Today, he is remembered as a complex figure, whose literary contributions and political views continue to be debated and analyzed in Lithuania and beyond.

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