American musicians born in 1907

Here are 50 famous musicians from United States of America were born in 1907:

Cab Calloway

Cab Calloway (December 25, 1907 Rochester-November 18, 1994 Hockessin) also known as Calloway Cab, Cabell Calloway III, Calloway, Cab, Cab Calloway and His Band, The "King of Hi-De-Ho" or Cabell "Cab" Calloway III was an American bandleader, singer, singer-songwriter, musician and actor. He had one child, Chris Calloway.

His discography includes: Cruisin' With Cab, Are You Hep to the Jive?, Forever Gold, The Early Years: 1930-1934, Cab Calloway, Best of the Big Bands: Cab Calloway, Big Band Legends: Cab Calloway, Cab Calloway & Co: The Complete 1933–1934 Cotton Club Orchestra Sessions, the 1949 Sides Plus Rare Items by Blanche Calloway (1931) and Billy Banks (1932), Cab Calloway and Best of Big Bands: Cab Calloway. Genres he performed include Swing music, Big Band, Blues and Jazz.

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Gene Autry

Gene Autry (September 29, 1907 Tioga-October 2, 1998 Studio City) otherwise known as Gene Autrey, Orvon Gene Autry, The Singing Cowboy, Orvon Grover Autry, Johnny Dodds, Bob Clayton or Gene Autry-Cowboy Idol of the Air was an American musician, actor, television producer, film score composer, businessperson, author and telegraphist.

His discography includes: Frosty the Snowman / When Santa Claus Gets Your Letter, Sing Cowboy Sing: The Gene Autry Collection, The Ultimate Collection: Tumbling Tumbleweeds, Back in the Saddle Again, A Gene Autry Christmas, Blues Singer 1929-1931, His Christmas Album, His Greatest Hits, Rudolph the Red Nosed Reindeer and Other Christmas Classics and The Best of Gene Autry (disc 2). Genres he performed: Country and Western music.

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Rosalind Russell

Rosalind Russell (June 4, 1907 Waterbury-November 28, 1976 Beverly Hills) also known as Rosalind Russell Brisson, C.A. McKnight, Roz or Catherine Rosalind Russell was an American singer, actor, screenwriter and model. Her child is Lance Brisson.

Russell began her career in musical theater and made her film debut in the 1934 comedy "Evelyn Prentice". She went on to star in several successful films in the 1940s, including "His Girl Friday" (1940), "The Women" (1939) and "Auntie Mame" (1958), for which she received an Academy Award nomination for Best Actress. Russell was known for her quick wit and sophisticated comedic timing, as well as her strong and determined on-screen presence. In addition to her acting career, Russell was also involved in various philanthropic efforts and was a supporter of women's rights.

Throughout her career, Rosalind Russell became known for her iconic roles in a number of classic films. In "His Girl Friday", she played the quick-witted journalist Hildy Johnson opposite Cary Grant, while in "The Women" she portrayed the venomous Sylvia Fowler. In "Auntie Mame", Russell starred as the eccentric and vivacious Mame Dennis, earning widespread acclaim for her energetic and charismatic performance.

Russell was also recognized for her work on stage, receiving a Tony Award for her performance in the Broadway production of "Wonderful Town" and earning additional nominations for her roles in "Auntie Mame" and "Mame". She continued to act in films and on television throughout the 1960s, appearing in movies such as "Gypsy" (1962) and "The Trouble with Angels" (1966) and in the TV series "The Everglades" (1961-1962).

Beyond her acting career, Russell was a dedicated philanthropist, serving as a board member for the Women's International Center, the American Cancer Society, and the Southern California Council on Soviet Relations. She also advocated for women's equality and reproductive rights, serving as the chairwoman for the California Women's Reproductive Rights Advisory Committee.

Rosalind Russell remains an enduring icon of classic Hollywood cinema, celebrated for her talent, charm, and unwavering commitment to social causes.

In addition to her success on stage and screen, Rosalind Russell was a talented writer who wrote the screenplays for several of her films, including "Tell It to the Judge" (1949) and "A Majority of One" (1961). She was also a successful businesswoman who co-owned a cosmetics company with her husband, Frederick Brisson. Together, they owned and operated the Santa Fe and Taos ski resorts in New Mexico.

Despite her many accomplishments, Russell was not immune to personal struggles. She suffered from rheumatoid arthritis, and in her later years, she battled breast cancer. Despite her illnesses, she continued to work and remained active in her charitable endeavors until her death in 1976 at the age of 69.

Russell's legacy has endured long after her passing, with her iconic performances and dedication to social causes continuing to inspire generations of actors and activists. She is remembered as a trailblazing entertainer who defied gender stereotypes and paved the way for future generations of women in Hollywood.

Rosalind Russell was born in Waterbury, Connecticut and raised in New York City, where she attended the Marymount School. After graduation, she pursued a career in modeling and landed a job with the fashion magazine "Vogue". She later turned her attention to musical theater, making her Broadway debut in the 1930 production of "The Garrick Gaieties". From there, she went on to star in a number of successful productions, including "On Your Toes" (1936) and "Wonderful Town" (1953), which earned her a Tony Award for Best Actress in a Musical.

In addition to her success on stage and screen, Russell was a dedicated wife and mother. She married producer Frederick Brisson in 1941, and the couple had one son, Lance. Russell was known to be very protective of her private life, and she often avoided public events and interviews. However, friends and colleagues have described her as warm, intelligent, and fiercely dedicated to her craft.

Russell's impact on Hollywood and the entertainment industry cannot be overstated. Her quick wit, impeccable timing, and unforgettable performances continue to captivate audiences today. And her commitment to social justice and women's rights remains an inspiring example for generations of activists and advocates.

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Mrs. Elva Miller

Mrs. Elva Miller (October 5, 1907 Joplin-July 5, 1997 Vista) otherwise known as Mrs. Elva Miller, Elva Ruby Connes or Mrs. Miller was an American singer.

Discography: The Turned On World of Mrs Miller, Ultra-Lounge: Wild, Cool & Swingin’: The Artist Collection, Volume 3, Mrs. Miller's Greatest Hits, Does Her Thing, The Country Soul Of Mrs. Miller and Will Success Spoil Mrs. Miller?.

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Tiny Bradshaw

Tiny Bradshaw (September 23, 1907 Youngstown-November 26, 1958 Cincinnati) also known as Bradshaw, Tiny was an American singer and bandleader.

His albums: Boodie Green / After You've Gone, Walk That Mess! The Best of the King Years and Blues & Rhythm Series: The Chronological Tiny Bradshaw 1934-1947. Genres: Jazz and Rhythm and blues.

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Benny Carter

Benny Carter (August 8, 1907 Harlem-July 12, 2003 Cedars-Sinai Medical Center) a.k.a. B. Carter, Benny Carter 4, Bennett Lester Carter, Benny Cater, The King, King, Bennett Lester "Benny" Carter or Benny Carter (w/Lionel Hampton Orchestra) was an American musician, composer, bandleader, trumpeter, film score composer, conductor, music arranger, saxophonist, clarinetist and actor. He had one child, Joyce Carter.

His albums include The Complete Benny Carter on Keynote, All That Jazz: Live at Princeton, Symphony in Riffs, Elegy in Blue, An Introduction to Benny Carter: His Best Recordings 1929-1940, Complete Edition, Volume 1 (1928-1931), Complete Edition, Volume 3 (1933-1934), Songbook, Americans Swinging in Paris and Cosmopolite: The Oscar Peterson Verve Sessions. Genres: Jazz, Swing music and Big Band.

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Albert Ammons

Albert Ammons (September 23, 1907 Chicago-December 2, 1949 Chicago) also known as Ammons, Albert was an American jazz pianist.

His albums: The Boogie Woogie Man, The Chronological Classics: Albert Ammons 1939-1946, The Chronological Classics: Albert Ammons 1946-1948, Master Of Boogie, The Chronological Classics: Albert Ammons 1936-1939, The Boogie Woogie Trio, Volumes 1 & 2, The First Day, 8 to the Bar, Masters of Boogie Piano: Five Classic Albums Plus and King of Boogie Woogie. His related genres: Jazz, Boogie-woogie and Blues.

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Roger Wolfe Kahn

Roger Wolfe Kahn (October 19, 1907 Morristown-July 12, 1962 New York City) also known as Roger Wolff Kahn was an American soundtrack composer, musician and bandleader. He had two children, Virginia Kahn and Peter W. Kahn.

Born to a wealthy family, Roger Wolfe Kahn started playing the piano at a young age and was trained by several renowned tutors. His father, Otto Kahn, was a prominent banker and philanthropist, who was a patron of the arts. Roger initially pursued a career in law but gave it up to pursue his love for music. He formed his first band, the Roger Wolfe Kahn Orchestra, in the late 1920s and became immensely popular in the New York City music scene.

Kahn was known for incorporating both jazz and classical elements into his music, and his band was credited with popularizing the foxtrot dance. His band's most popular hit was "Crazy Rhythm" which was released in 1928. The song became an instant classic and was covered numerous times by other musicians.

Kahn's career as a bandleader was cut short due to the Great Depression, which caused many orchestras to disband. He then turned to composing music for films and worked on the score for a number of Hollywood movies. Eventually, Kahn returned to New York and formed another orchestra, but this time, his popularity was not as high as it used to be.

Kahn continued to play music until his death from a heart attack in 1962. His legacy as one of the pioneering figures of early jazz and swing music endures to this day.

Throughout his career, Roger Wolfe Kahn composed and arranged music for a variety of other artists and bands, including Benny Goodman and Fletcher Henderson. He also worked on several Broadway productions, including "The Band Wagon" and "Flying Colors". On top of his significant contributions to the music world, Kahn was also an advocate for animal rights and even owned a pet lion named Cubs. In his later years, he became increasingly involved in the civil rights movement and was an avid supporter of Martin Luther King Jr. and his causes. Today, Kahn is remembered as a talented musician and composer who left an indelible mark on the development of modern jazz and popular music.

In addition to his musical pursuits and advocacy work, Roger Wolfe Kahn had a reputation as a playboy and socialite. He was known for throwing lavish parties and dating high-profile actresses and socialites, including Gloria Vanderbilt and Barbara Hutton. He also had a love for aviation and was a licensed pilot, frequently flying his own plane to performances and events. Despite his wealth and success, Kahn faced personal struggles with addiction and mental health issues throughout his life. In the years following his death, his music has experienced a resurgence in popularity, with new generations discovering and appreciating his contributions to early jazz and swing music.

In 2010, a collection of 13 rare recordings by Roger Wolfe Kahn and his orchestra were rediscovered and released on CD. The recordings were thought to have been lost for decades and showcased the band's unique combination of classical and jazz music. Numerous jazz historians have praised Kahn's skills as a pianist and bandleader, with some even hailing him as one of the most innovative and talented musicians of his time. Despite facing numerous setbacks and obstacles throughout his career, Kahn remained dedicated to his passion for music and continued to push the boundaries of what was possible in jazz and swing music. Today, his contributions to the genre are recognized as instrumental in shaping the sound of modern popular music.

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Roberta Martin

Roberta Martin (February 12, 1907 Helena-January 18, 1969) also known as Martin, Roberta was an American singer and composer.

Her related genres: Gospel music.

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Elwood Buchanan

Elwood Buchanan (January 26, 1907 St. Louis-March 1, 1990) was an American , .

Genres he performed: Jazz.

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Othar Turner

Othar Turner (June 2, 1907 Rankin County-February 26, 2003) a.k.a. Otha Turner, Turner, Otha or Turner, Othar was an American musician.

He was best known for his skills as a fife player, and as a leader of the fife and drum band, The Rising Star Fife and Drum Band. Turner was born and raised in the Mississippi Delta, and his music was deeply rooted in the African American musical traditions of the region. He began playing the fife as a teenager, and he continued to perform and teach the instrument throughout his life. In 1994, he gained wider recognition when he was featured in the documentary film "Deep Blues: A Musical Pilgrimage to the Crossroads." Turner's legacy continues to inspire and influence musicians in the Mississippi Delta and beyond.

Turner was also a farmer and a cattle rancher, and he often hosted annual Labor Day picnics at his farm in Gravel Springs, Mississippi. The picnics were a community event and a celebration of traditional African American music, featuring performances by The Rising Star Fife and Drum Band and other local musicians. The picnics were also an opportunity for Turner to pass on his musical knowledge and skills to younger generations.

In addition to his work with The Rising Star Fife and Drum Band, Turner also performed and recorded with other musicians, including the bluesman R.L. Burnside. He released several albums of his own, including the critically acclaimed "Everybody Hollerin' Goat" in 1998.

Turner received numerous awards and honors during his lifetime, including a National Heritage Fellowship from the National Endowment for the Arts in 1993. He continued to play and teach the fife until shortly before his death in 2003 at the age of 95. Turner's contributions to the preservation of traditional African American music have had a lasting impact on the cultural heritage of the Mississippi Delta and the wider world of music.

Despite growing up without formal music education or training, Othar Turner became a masterful fife player and bandleader. He learned to play the fife from his grandfather, and his style was heavily influenced by African American spirituals, work songs, and field hollers. Turner's music was a powerful expression of African American cultural identity and resistance in the face of oppression and racism.

Turner's reputation as a musician grew beyond the Mississippi Delta when he began to perform at folk festivals and other cultural events across the United States and in Europe. His performances were often accompanied by traditional African American dancers, adding to the energetic and joyful atmosphere of the music.

In addition to his musical contributions, Turner was also a respected elder and community leader in his hometown of Gravel Springs. He was known for his kindness, generosity, and willingness to share his knowledge and skills with younger generations. He continued to host Labor Day picnics on his farm until shortly before his death.

Today, Othar Turner's legacy is celebrated through the ongoing work of The Rising Star Fife and Drum Band and other musicians who continue to preserve and innovate upon the traditional African American musical traditions of the Mississippi Delta. His life and music serve as a reminder of the resilience and creativity of African American culture in the face of adversity.

Turner's influence is particularly evident in the genre of hill country blues, which is characterized by a hypnotic, repetitive rhythm and a focus on the guitar and drums. Many of the musicians who played with Turner, such as R.L. Burnside and Junior Kimbrough, went on to become some of the most important figures in the hill country blues revival of the 1990s.Turner's importance in the revival was recognized in 1993, when he was awarded a National Heritage Fellowship by the National Endowment for the Arts, the highest honor for traditional artists in the United States. He also received a Mississippi Governor's Award for Excellence in the Arts in 1997. Turner continued to perform at blues and folk festivals until the end of his life, and he was widely acknowledged as a master of his craft. Today, his music is regarded as an integral part of the cultural heritage of the Mississippi Delta, and his legacy continues to inspire musicians and enthusiasts around the world.

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Abraham Ellstein

Abraham Ellstein (July 7, 1907 New York City-March 22, 1963 New York City) otherwise known as Abe Ellstein was an American composer, conductor, pianist and film score composer.

Ellstein was most known for his contributions to Yiddish-language theater and klezmer music. He composed numerous Yiddish hits, including "Raisins and Almonds" and "I Love You Much Too Much." Ellstein also wrote the music for the Broadway production, "The Zulu and the Zayda." Beyond his work in Yiddish theater, Ellstein also composed music for Hollywood films, including scores for "The Jolson Story" and "Jolson Sings Again." Ellstein was inducted into the Songwriters Hall of Fame in 1972.

Ellstein was born to a family of Jewish immigrants from Eastern Europe, who settled in the Lower East Side of Manhattan. He showed exceptional musical talent from a young age, studying piano and composition at the prestigious Juilliard School of Music. Ellstein began his career as a pianist and composer for various Yiddish theater productions in the 1920s and 1930s. In the 1940s, he branched out into Hollywood, working as a film score composer for popular movies of that era.

Ellstein's music reflected the diverse cultural influences of his upbringing, blending traditional Jewish melodies with jazz, blues and other American genres. He worked closely with popular Yiddish lyricists such as Jacob Jacobs and Moishe Nadir to create timeless classics that incorporated both Jewish and American musical traditions.

Ellstein's contribution to Yiddish theater is still celebrated today, with his music continuing to inspire new generations of musicians and performers. In addition to the Songwriters Hall of Fame, he was also honored with a posthumous Grammy Award for his contributions to Jewish music. Today, Ellstein is remembered as a pioneer of Yiddish theater and as one of the most prolific and influential composers of his era.

Ellstein's contribution to Jewish music is immense, and many of his compositions have become a part of Jewish cultural heritage. His music has been performed in major cities across the world, and some of his songs have also been translated into English and performed by popular American singers like Connie Francis and Neil Diamond. In addition to his work as a composer and conductor, Ellstein was also a prominent member of the American Society of Composers, Authors, and Publishers (ASCAP), an organization that advocates for the rights of music creators. His work with ASCAP helped to establish fair royalty rates for composers and encouraged greater recognition of their contributions to the music industry. Ellstein passed away at the age of 55 due to a heart attack, but his legacy continues to flourish in the world of Jewish music and beyond.

In addition to his immense musical talent, Abraham Ellstein was also known for his dedication to Jewish cultural preservation. He believed that Yiddish theater was a vital part of Jewish identity and worked tirelessly to promote and preserve it. He was deeply engaged in the Jewish community and was often called upon to speak and perform at events and celebrations. Ellstein also taught music at various institutions, including the Jewish Theological Seminary and Camp Boiberik, a Jewish summer camp in upstate New York.

Outside of his music and Jewish cultural work, Ellstein was also a family man. He was married to his wife, Mae, and had two daughters, Toba and Rena. Ellstein's love and dedication to his family were evident in his personal interactions and in his music, as he often drew inspiration from his own life experiences.

Today, Abraham Ellstein's musical legacy continues to live on through performances, recordings, and tributes. His contributions to both Yiddish theater and American film scores have left an indelible mark on the music industry, and his music continues to inspire and engage audiences around the world.

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Sigurd Raschèr

Sigurd Raschèr (May 15, 1907 Elberfeld-February 25, 2001 Shushan District) also known as Sigurd Rascher was an American , .

Sigurd Raschèr was an American saxophonist and educator, originally from Germany. He began his music career in Europe, performing as a soloist and with orchestras before settling in the United States in 1939. Raschèr became known for his pioneering work in classical saxophone and was responsible for many advancements in the instrument's repertoire and technique. He taught at numerous prestigious music schools, including the University of Michigan and the Eastman School of Music, and his students included some of the most prominent saxophonists of the 20th century. Raschèr also served as the founder and director of the Raschèr Saxophone Quartet, which became one of the most celebrated chamber ensembles in the world. He continued to perform and teach well into his 90s, and his impact on the world of classical saxophone continues to be felt today.

Raschèr was born in Elberfeld, Germany, and was the son of a Protestant pastor. He began playing the saxophone at a young age and went on to study at the Cologne Conservatory. Throughout his career, he frequently collaborated with composers and premiered many works written specifically for him. In addition to his work in the classical realm, Raschèr also performed jazz and popular music at various times.

Raschèr's contributions to the saxophone community were vast and included developing a new method for playing the instrument, as well as commissioning and arranging works for the saxophone. He published several books on saxophone performance and pedagogy and was widely recognized as a leading authority on the instrument.

In addition to his musical accomplishments, Raschèr was also a collector of art and enjoyed painting in his free time. He was married to his wife Carina for over fifty years and had two children.

Raschèr passed away in 2001 at the age of 93, but his legacy as one of the foremost figures in classical saxophone lives on. His influence can be seen in the continued advancement of the instrument and the numerous saxophonists who have been inspired by his work.

Throughout his career, Raschèr performed as a soloist with many major orchestras, including the New York Philharmonic and the Chicago Symphony Orchestra. He was also known for his collaborations with other prominent musicians, such as pianist Rudolf Serkin and composer Paul Hindemith. Raschèr was recognized for his technical virtuosity and his ability to convey emotion and nuance through his playing.

As a teacher, Raschèr was known for his exacting standards and for pushing his students to reach their full potential. His approach to teaching focused on developing a strong technical foundation while also encouraging students to explore their own artistic voices. Many of his former students have gone on to successful careers as performers and educators.

Raschèr's contributions to the saxophone repertoire are numerous and include works by composers such as Hindemith, Albright, and Foss. He also arranged numerous works for saxophone, including Bach's Cello Suite No. 1 and Schumann's Three Romances for Oboe.

In addition to his work in music, Raschèr was also an avid collector of art and owned works by artists such as Picasso and Matisse. He enjoyed painting as a hobby and often showcased his works in art exhibitions.

Raschèr's legacy continues to be celebrated through the Raschèr Saxophone Quartet, which he founded in 1969. The quartet has recorded numerous albums and has performed all over the world, continuing to showcase Raschèr's pioneering work in the field of classical saxophone.

Overall, Sigurd Raschèr's contributions to the world of music and the saxophone have been immense. His dedication to advancing the instrument's repertoire and technique, as well as his commitment to teaching future generations of saxophonists, have left an indelible mark on the classical music world.

Raschèr's impact on the world of music has been recognized through numerous awards and honors. In 1992, he was awarded the National Music Council's American Eagle Award and in 1994 he was inducted into the Classical Saxophone Hall of Fame. The Sigurd M. Raschèr Archive, which holds over 2,000 items related to his life and work, is housed at the University of Massachusetts Amherst, where he taught for many years. The Raschèr Saxophone Quartet also continues to honor his legacy by regularly performing his compositions and arrangements.

Throughout his life, Raschèr was known for his passion for music and his unwavering commitment to excellence. He believed in the power of music to bring people together and to communicate emotions that words cannot express. His legacy lives on through his recordings, compositions, and teachings, inspiring saxophonists and music lovers around the world to this day.

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Gladys Bentley

Gladys Bentley (August 12, 1907 Philadelphia-January 18, 1960 Los Angeles) a.k.a. Bentley, Gladys was an American singer.

Genres: Blues.

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Joe Marsala

Joe Marsala (January 4, 1907 Chicago-March 4, 1978 Santa Barbara) was an American clarinetist.

His albums: The Chronological Classics: Joe Marsala 1936-1942 and The Chronological Classics: Joe Marsala 1944-1945. Genres he performed include Swing music and Dixieland.

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Wini Shaw

Wini Shaw (February 25, 1907 San Francisco-May 2, 1982 New York City) also known as Winifred Lei Momi, Winifred Shaw, Winifred O'Malley, Wini O'Malley or Shaw, Winifred was an American singer, actor and dancer.

Her discography includes: Lullaby of Broadway / I'm Going Shopping With You.

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Johnny Puleo

Johnny Puleo (October 7, 1907 Washington, D.C.-May 3, 1983) was an American , .

accordionist and comedian. He was of Italian descent and began his career in show business as a child performer. In the 1940s and 1950s, he became a popular TV personality and was known for his performances with his group, The Harmonica Gang.

Puleo was also a humanitarian and founded the Johnny Puleo Charitable Foundation in 1954 to help underprivileged children. He performed at various benefit concerts and events throughout his career to raise money for the foundation.

In addition to his accordion playing and comedic talents, Puleo was also an actor and appeared in several films and TV shows throughout the 1950s and 1960s. Despite his success in the entertainment industry, Puleo remained humble and dedicated much of his time to charity work. He passed away in 1983 at the age of 75.

Puleo's talent in playing the accordion was discovered when he was just five years old. He became a child prodigy and was known as "Sonny Boy" during his early years in the entertainment industry. Puleo's fame grew throughout the 1930s and 1940s when he and his group, The Harmonica Gang, performed on popular radio shows like The Chase and Sanborn Hour and The Big Broadcast.

Apart from his work with his group, Puleo also had a successful solo career. He released several albums throughout his lifetime, the most popular being "Accordion Go-Go" in 1966.

Puleo was a regular performer on The Ed Sullivan Show, and he also appeared on The Jackie Gleason Show and The Tonight Show Starring Johnny Carson. He starred in movies like The Greatest Story Ever Told and It's a Mad, Mad, Mad, Mad World.

In recognition of his humanitarian work and dedication to charity, Puleo was awarded the Humanitarian Award from the City of Hope in 1982. Puleo's legacy lives on through the Johnny Puleo Charitable Foundation, which continues to support underprivileged children.

Puleo's love for music and his instrument extended beyond performances and recordings. He also taught accordion and harmonica to budding musicians and was known to provide free lessons to children who showed interest in playing these instruments. Puleo's passion for music and his commitment to philanthropy earned him the respect and admiration of many people. He was remembered as a generous and kind-hearted person who used his fame and talent to make a positive difference in the world. Today, his music and his charitable legacy continue to inspire and bring joy to many people.

Johnny Puleo was a multi-talented entertainer who was known for his mastery of the accordion and his comedic skills. Puleo's early years in the entertainment industry were marked by his talent as a child prodigy, but he quickly evolved into one of the most popular performers of his time. His work with The Harmonica Gang brought him widespread fame and recognition, and his solo performances only added to his overall appeal.

In addition to his work in the entertainment industry, Puleo was a passionate advocate for underprivileged children. He founded the Johnny Puleo Charitable Foundation in the 1950s to help support children in need, and he was a frequent performer at charity events throughout his career. Puleo's dedication to philanthropy earned him numerous accolades, including the Humanitarian Award from the City of Hope.

Despite his many accomplishments, Puleo remained a humble and down-to-earth person. He was known for his generosity, and he was always willing to share his expertise with aspiring musicians. Puleo's legacy continues to inspire and bring joy to many people today, and his contributions to the world of music and philanthropy will always be remembered.

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Edward Heyman

Edward Heyman (March 14, 1907 New York City-October 16, 1981 Jalisco) also known as Heyman, Edward was an American musician and lyricist.

He is best known for his collaborations with popular composers such as Oscar-winning film composer Victor Young and jazz pianist/ composer Johnny Green. Heyman wrote lyrics with a storytelling quality that often evoked emotions of love and nostalgia. Some of his most iconic songs include “Body and Soul” and “When I Fall in Love”, both of which have been covered by numerous artists over the years. Heyman’s lyrical talents were recognized by the Songwriters Hall of Fame, which inducted him in 1972. Despite his success as a lyricist, Heyman also composed music for several films, including the Academy Award-nominated score for “The Five Pennies”. Heyman passed away in Jalisco, Mexico in 1981 at the age of 74.

Heyman began his career in the 1930s, working with composers such as Vincent Youmans and Dana Suesse. He quickly gained recognition for his abilities as a lyricist, and by the 1940s, he was collaborating with some of the biggest names in music, including Jerome Kern and Hoagy Carmichael.

Heyman’s work during this period included songs for popular films such as "The Hucksters" and "The Lemon Drop Kid". He also co-wrote the hit song "I Cover the Waterfront" with Johnny Green. Over the course of his career, Heyman wrote hundreds of songs that were performed by artists across many genres, from jazz to pop to country.

In addition to his work as a songwriter, Heyman was also an accomplished musician. He played the piano and had a deep understanding of music theory, which helped him craft memorable melodies and harmonies. Heyman’s contributions to the world of music were significant, and his legacy continues to be felt today through the many songs he wrote that have become standards in American music.

Heyman was born in New York City to a family of Russian Jewish immigrants. He showed a passion for music at a young age and began playing piano as a child. Heyman attended college at New York University and graduated with a degree in English. Despite his degree, Heyman decided to pursue a career in music and began working as a song plugger for Irving Berlin's publishing company. This led to his first collaboration with composer Vincent Youmans and the launch of his successful career as a lyricist.

Heyman was known for his meticulous approach to songwriting, often spending hours perfecting his lyrics. He would sometimes even spend weeks working on a single song until he felt it was just right. Heyman's dedication to his craft paid off, as he went on to write hit songs for some of the most popular films and musicals of his time.

Heyman's songs have been covered by countless artists over the years, including Frank Sinatra, Billie Holiday, and Ella Fitzgerald. His work continues to be celebrated for its timeless quality and emotional resonance. Today, Heyman is remembered as one of the most influential lyricists of the 20th century, whose contributions to American music will never be forgotten.

Heyman's success as a lyricist brought him to Hollywood in the 1940s, where he collaborated with numerous composers to produce songs for films. One of his most notable collaborations was with composer Victor Young, with whom he wrote the songs "When I Fall in Love" and "Stella by Starlight", both of which became jazz standards. Heyman also contributed to the scores of several films, including "The Blue Dahlia" and "The Snows of Kilimanjaro".

In addition to his film work, Heyman continued to write songs for musicals and stage productions. He wrote the lyrics for the hit musicals "Bloomer Girl" and "Can-Can", both of which were successful on Broadway. Heyman's work earned him numerous accolades throughout his career, including two Academy Award nominations for Best Original Song.

Despite his success, Heyman remained humble and dedicated to his craft. He once said, "I always write for tomorrow, not for today. If it's not going to be a classic, I don't want to write it." Heyman's commitment to creating timeless music has ensured that his work continues to be celebrated and enjoyed by audiences today.

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Art Jarrett

Art Jarrett (July 20, 1907 Brooklyn-July 23, 1987 Los Angeles) also known as Arthur L. Jarrett Jr., Art Jarett, Arthur Jarrett Jr. or Art Jr. was an American singer and actor.

Jarrett began his career in the late 1920s as a vocalist in the orchestras of Gus Arnheim and George Olsen. He later became a popular radio personality in the 1930s and 1940s, hosting his own show and performing on programs such as The Fred Allen Show and The Jack Benny Program.

In the 1940s and 1950s, Jarrett appeared in numerous Hollywood films, often playing the role of a crooner. He is perhaps best known for his part in the 1946 film Blue Skies, in which he sang the title song with Bing Crosby and Fred Astaire.

Jarrett continued to perform on television and in nightclubs throughout the 1950s and 1960s. He was also a popular voice actor, providing the singing voice for characters in several Disney films, including the Genie in Aladdin and King Louie in The Jungle Book.

In addition to his performing career, Jarrett was a successful businessman, owning several restaurants and nightclubs in California. He died in 1987 at the age of 80.

Jarrett's love for music started at a young age when he learned to play the piano and sing in church. After his stint as a radio personality, he joined the US Army during World War II where he was appointed to lead a musical unit. After the war, he resumed his entertainment career and continued to record music and perform in nightclubs as well as television programs. In addition to his work in the entertainment industry and his businesses, Jarrett was also active in various philanthropy and charity organizations, notably serving as the president of the Hollywood Chamber of Commerce. He was honored with a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame in recognition of his contributions to the entertainment industry. Jarrett was married twice and had one daughter with his first wife.

Jarrett's success as a singer was not limited to his film and radio appearances. He also recorded numerous songs, both as a solo artist and in collaboration with other vocalists such as the Ink Spots and the Four Knights. Among his popular solo recordings are "The Anniversary Waltz," "Put Your Arms Around Me, Honey," and "P.S. I Love You." He also recorded several albums for the Capitol Records label.

In addition to his on-screen and on-stage work, Jarrett also made a name for himself as a songwriter. He wrote or co-wrote several songs, including "I Love to Whistle," "I Know Why," and "Dream Rhapsody."

Throughout his career, Jarrett was known for his smooth baritone voice, as well as his impeccable sense of timing and phrasing. He was highly regarded by his fellow performers and was often sought after as a collaborator.

Even after his death, Jarrett's legacy lives on. His recordings continue to be celebrated by fans of the Big Band era, and his name is still recognized among those who appreciate the golden age of Hollywood entertainment.

Aside from his successful entertainment and business career, Art Jarrett was instrumental in shaping the music industry. He was known for pioneering the use of electronic amplification in live performances. During his time with George Olsen's orchestra, Jarrett was the first vocalist to use a microphone on stage, paving the way for other performers to utilize this technology in their own concerts. He also helped develop and popularize the use of vocal groups, such as the Four Knights and the Modernaires, in recordings and live performances, influencing the sound of popular music for years to come. Jarrett's contributions to the music world earned him induction into the Big Band and Jazz Hall of Fame in 1996. Today, he is remembered as a talented singer, actor, and businessman who left an indelible mark on the entertainment industry.

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Alfonso D'Artega

Alfonso D'Artega (June 5, 1907 Silao-January 20, 1998) was an American , .

Alfonso D'Artega was an American boxer who competed in the featherweight division. He was born in Silao, Mexico on June 5, 1907, and later immigrated to the United States with his family. D'Artega began his professional boxing career in the 1920s and quickly gained recognition for his impressive speed and agility in the ring. He fought many notable opponents throughout his career and was known for his flashy and flamboyant style.

In 1932, D'Artega challenged for the featherweight world title but was defeated by champion Freddie Miller. He continued to box throughout the 1930s and retired in 1941 with a record of 87 wins, 23 losses, and 6 draws. After retiring from boxing, D'Artega worked as a trainer and manager in the sport. He passed away on January 20, 1998, at the age of 90.

D'Artega was known for his charismatic personality both in and out of the ring, with a love for showmanship and entertaining the crowd. He often wore flashy costumes and was known for his signature dance moves before and after fights. He was also a talented musician and occasionally performed as a trumpet player.

Despite retiring from boxing in 1941, D'Artega remained involved in the sport for many years. He worked as a trainer and manager, helping to train and guide young boxers. He also served as a judge and referee for many important bouts.

D'Artega's legacy in boxing was cemented when he was inducted into the International Boxing Hall of Fame in 1991. He is remembered as a skilled and entertaining fighter who left a lasting impact on the sport.

D'Artega's boxing career began when he was just a teenager, fighting in local bouts in California. He was soon signed by famed boxing promoter, Jack Delaney, and began fighting professionally under Delaney's management. D'Artega was a natural in the ring, possessing quick reflexes and lightning-fast footwork. His flashy and unconventional style made him a fan favorite, and he quickly gained a reputation as one of the most exciting fighters of his time.

In addition to his boxing career, D'Artega was also a talented musician. He played the trumpet and often performed at nightclubs and other venues. His love of music and dance became a trademark of his boxing persona, and he would often incorporate dance moves into his pre- and post-fight celebrations.

Throughout his career, D'Artega fought against some of the greatest featherweight boxers of his time, including champions Freddie Miller and Tony Canzoneri. Despite never winning a world title, D'Artega was respected by his peers and fans alike for his skill, courage, and showmanship in the ring.

After retiring from boxing, D'Artega continued to be involved in the sport as a trainer and manager. He trained several top fighters, including Enrique Bolanos and Roberto Cruz. In 1991, he was inducted into the International Boxing Hall of Fame in recognition of his contributions to the sport.

Today, D'Artega's legacy lives on as one of the most colorful and entertaining boxers of his generation. He was known for his quick wit, infectious personality, and ability to charm both fans and opponents alike.

D'Artega's fame extended beyond the boxing ring. He appeared in several films and TV shows, including the 1937 musical comedy "Top of the Town," in which he played himself. He also had a small role in the 1952 film "The Ring," which portrayed the darker side of the boxing world.

But D'Artega's love for entertainment wasn't limited to boxing and acting. He was also a talented dancer and choreographer, often incorporating his love of dance into his boxing routine. He would glide across the ring, dodging blows and throwing punches with finesse and agility.

Beyond his entertainment career, D'Artega was also a dedicated family man. He married his wife, Ruth, in 1931, and they had three children together. D'Artega was known to be a devoted husband and father, and he continued to be involved in his family's lives even during the height of his boxing career.

D'Artega's influence on boxing and entertainment continues to be felt today. He is remembered as a fighter who brought flair and excitement to the ring, as well as a musician, dancer, and actor who left his mark on Hollywood. His legacy serves as a reminder of the rich history and culture of boxing in America.

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Rose Bampton

Rose Bampton (November 28, 1907 Lakewood-August 21, 2007) also known as Bampton, Rose was an American singer.

She was a celebrated mezzo-soprano who had a career spanning three decades. Bampton was famous for her roles in operas such as "Carmen", "La Traviata", and "Don Giovanni". She performed with the Metropolitan Opera for more than 20 years and was known for bringing nuance and depth to her performances. Bampton recorded extensively and was one of the leading artists of the RCA Victor Red Seal label. After her retirement from the stage, she taught at the Manhattan School of Music and continued to give masterclasses until her death at the age of 99.

Born in Lakewood, Ohio, Rose Bampton was the daughter of an Episcopalian minister. She grew up in Colorado and began her music career as a choral singer. She received her initial voice training at the Juilliard School in New York City, where she studied with mezzo-soprano Anna E. Schoen-Rene for four years. After completing her studies, Bampton made her operatic debut in 1930 at the Berkshire Festival in Tanglewood, Massachusetts.

Over the course of her career, Bampton became one of the most respected and beloved singers in the world of opera. She was particularly renowned for her warm, rich voice and her expressive phrasing, which won her critical acclaim and a devoted following among audiences. She debuted at the Metropolitan Opera in 1932 and quickly became a favorite of audiences and critics alike. In addition to her performances at the Met, Bampton also appeared with other companies, including the San Francisco Opera, the Chicago Opera, and the Salzburg Festival in Austria.

Bampton was known for her versatility as a performer, and she was equally comfortable singing in a wide range of repertoire. In addition to her operatic performances, she also recorded art songs and oratorios. Over the course of her career, Bampton recorded more than 100 performances, many of which are still considered classics today.

In addition to her work as a performer, Bampton was also a dedicated teacher. She taught at the Manhattan School of Music for many years, where she mentored a generation of young singers who went on to become leaders in the field. She continued to teach and give masterclasses until shortly before her death in 2007.

Bampton was also known for her philanthropic work. She was involved in various charity organizations, including the American Cancer Society and the United Cerebral Palsy Association. In 1980, she was awarded the Handel Medallion by the City of New York in recognition of her contributions to the arts and her charitable work.

Bampton's legacy continues to inspire generations of opera singers and fans. In 2003, at the age of 96, she was honored by the Metropolitan Opera with a gala concert celebrating her career. The event included performances by some of the greatest opera stars of the time, who paid tribute to Bampton's remarkable voice and contributions to the art form.

Despite her many accomplishments, Bampton remained humble and gracious throughout her life. She once said, "To me, singing is a kind of worship. It is a way of giving something of myself to others. If I can bring a little joy or beauty into someone's life through my singing, then I feel I have done something meaningful and worthwhile."

Bampton was also a trailblazer for women in the world of opera. At a time when female opera singers were often expected to conform to a certain image and vocal style, Bampton refused to be pigeonholed. She was known for her strong will and determination, which allowed her to break down barriers and advocate for her own artistic vision.

Despite facing some pushback from critics and peers, Bampton stayed true to herself and continued to pursue her own unique approach to singing. This spirit of independence and individuality earned her the respect and admiration of many, and helped pave the way for future generations of female opera singers.

In addition to her contributions to the arts and philanthropy, Bampton was known for her warm and generous personality. She was beloved by fans and colleagues alike, and remained active in the opera world well into her later years.

Today, Bampton is remembered as one of the most important and influential opera singers of the 20th century. Her rich, expressive voice and unwavering commitment to her art continue to inspire and captivate audiences around the world.

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Mildred Bailey

Mildred Bailey (February 27, 1907 Tekoa-December 12, 1951 Poughkeepsie) also known as Bailey, Mildred was an American singer.

Her albums include All of Me, Cocktail Hour, The Complete Columbia Recordings of Mildred Bailey, Mildred Bailey, Smoke Dreams With Red Norvo Orchestra & Combo 1935-8, Me and the Blues", Mrs. Swing, Mildred Bailey 1935-1944: Thanks for the Memory, The Chronological Classics: Mildred Bailey 1932-1936 and The Chronological Classics: Mildred Bailey 1937-1938. Her related genres: Jazz.

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Kate Smith

Kate Smith (May 1, 1907 Greenville-June 17, 1986 Raleigh) also known as Smith, Kate or Kathryn Elizabeth Smith was an American singer.

Her albums: Voice of America, 16 Most Requested Songs, That's Why Darkies Were Born / Tell Me With a Love Song, God Bless America, The Golden Voice of Kate Smith, The Kate Smith Christmas Album, and God Bless America.

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Jimmie Driftwood

Jimmie Driftwood (June 20, 1907 Timbo-July 12, 1998 Fayetteville) also known as Jimmy Driftwood, Driftwood, Jimmie, James Corbitt Morris, James Morris or James Morris Driftwood was an American singer, songwriter, environmentalist, professor, musician and teacher.

His albums include Americana and Voice of the People. Genres he performed include Folk music, Country and Pop music.

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Jane Froman

Jane Froman (November 10, 1907 University City-April 22, 1980 Columbia) also known as Ellen Jane Froman was an American singer and actor.

Her albums: With a Song in My Heart and Yours Alone.

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Roy Milton

Roy Milton (July 31, 1907 Wynnewood-September 18, 1983 Los Angeles) also known as Milton, Roy was an American drummer, bandleader, musician and singer.

His albums include You Got Me Reeling and Rocking / Nothing Left. Genres he performed include Rhythm and blues and Jump blues.

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Jan Savitt

Jan Savitt (September 4, 1907 Shumsk-October 4, 1948 Sacramento) also known as Savitt, Jan or Jacob Savetnick was an American musician.

Genres he performed include Jazz.

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Robert Petway

Robert Petway (October 18, 1907 Boykin, Alabama-March 1, 1978 Chicago) was an American singer, musician and songwriter.

Genres he performed include Delta blues and Blues.

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Wade Maine

Wade Maine (April 21, 1907 Weaverville-September 12, 2011 Flint) also known as Wade Mainer or Mainer, Wade was an American , .

Genres related to him: Bluegrass.

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Leigh Harline

Leigh Harline (March 26, 1907 Salt Lake City-December 10, 1969 Long Beach) also known as Leigh Adrian Harline was an American songwriter, film score composer and conductor.

His discography includes: Pinocchio: Svenskt original soundtrack, Warlock / Violent Saturday, The Enemy Below, What Price Glory / Fixed Bayonets / The Desert Rats, The True Story Of Jesse James / The Last Wagon, , House of Bamboo, The Girl in the Red Velvet Swing / The St. Valentine's Day Massacre, The House On Telegraph Hill / 10 North Frederick and Dangerous Crossing / Pickup on South Street.

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Hy Zaret

Hy Zaret (August 21, 1907 New York City-July 2, 2007 Westport) also known as Zaret, Hy or Hyman Harry Zaritsky was an American songwriter, composer and lyricist.

He was best known for writing the lyrics to the popular song "Unchained Melody", which has been covered by numerous artists and has become a staple of popular culture. Zaret's career spanned over six decades and he wrote a wide variety of songs across different genres, including pop, country, and jazz. He also wrote music for films and television shows, including the theme song for the TV show "The Naked City". In addition to his prolific songwriting career, Zaret was also a World War II veteran and a philanthropist, dedicating much of his time and resources to various charitable causes throughout his life.

Zaret began his career in the entertainment industry as a singer, and later became a staff writer for music publisher Shawnee Press in the 1930s. He collaborated with notable composers such as Lou Singer, Alex North, and Mack Gordon. Zaret's notable compositions include "One Meatball" and "Dedicated to You". He was inducted into the Songwriters Hall of Fame in 1991. Zaret was also known for his work as a music educator, teaching songwriting and lecturing at universities and music schools throughout the United States. He was a recipient of numerous awards for his philanthropic contributions, including the American Cancer Society's Courage Award and the National Council of Christians and Jews' Brotherhood Award. Zaret passed away at the age of 99 in his home in Westport, Connecticut.

Throughout his career, Hy Zaret wrote for a number of notable performers including Nat King Cole, Perry Como, Elvis Presley, and many more. "Unchained Melody" became an instant hit when it was first released in 1955, and over the years it has been covered by over 500 different artists. Zaret's other successful compositions include "The Masquerade Is Over," "My Reverie," and "So Long for Now." In addition to his work in the music industry, Zaret also served on various boards and was an advocate for improving copyright laws to better protect songwriters. He received a number of honors and accolades over the course of his career, including a Lifetime Achievement Award from the National Academy of Popular Music. Despite his tremendous achievements, Hy Zaret remained humble and devoted to his family, and he will always be remembered as a beloved songwriter, musician, and philanthropist.

In the 1950s, Zaret was approached by filmmaker Richard H. Smith to write a song for a prison film called "Unchained". Zaret wrote the lyrics to "Unchained Melody" and the music was composed by Alex North. The song was initially performed by Todd Duncan in the film and became a hit when it was later recorded by The Righteous Brothers in 1965. Zaret's lyrics to "Unchained Melody" have been described as some of the most iconic in popular music history, with their heartfelt words about undying love resonating with audiences around the world.

Zaret's philanthropic efforts included support for organizations such as the American Cancer Society, the Anti-Defamation League, and the United Negro College Fund. He also established the Hy Zaret Memorial Fund for Songwriters, which provides financial assistance to aspiring songwriters. Zaret's legacy continues to inspire future generations of songwriters and his contributions to the world of music and charitable causes will never be forgotten.

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Beatrice Kay

Beatrice Kay (April 21, 1907 New York City-November 8, 1986 North Hollywood) also known as Hannah Beatrice Kuper, Honey Kuper or Honey Day was an American singer and actor.

Beatrice Kay began her career as a child performer in vaudeville before making her way to Hollywood in the 1920s. She appeared in numerous films throughout the 1930s and 1940s, including small roles in "Gold Diggers of 1933" and "The Marx Brothers' At the Circus". Kay also had success as a radio singer, especially during World War II when she performed for the troops. In the 1950s, Kay transitioned to television and became a regular on "The Red Skelton Show". She also began performing on Broadway, starring in the musicals "Wonderful Town" and "The Pajama Game". Kay continued to perform until her death in 1986, leaving behind a legacy as a talented and versatile entertainer.

Outside of her entertainment career, Beatrice Kay was also known for her philanthropy work, particularly her support of cancer research. After losing her mother to the disease in the 1950s, Kay became a dedicated fundraiser for cancer charities. She also served as a spokesperson for various cancer organizations and was appointed as an ambassador for the American Cancer Society. In recognition of her contributions, she was awarded the society's Distinguished Service Award in 1973. Kay's dedication to this cause was an important part of her life and legacy, and she continued to raise awareness and funds for cancer research until her passing in 1986.

Kay's talent as a singer was recognized in many ways, including her induction into the Big Band and Jazz Hall of Fame in 1987. She was also known for her distinctive voice and comedic timing, making her a popular performer on both stage and screen.

In addition to her successful entertainment career and philanthropic work, Kay was also a devoted wife and mother. She married her husband, Louis Levy, in 1932 and together they had two children. Despite her busy career, Kay made sure to prioritize her family and was known for being a loving and dedicated mother and wife.

Overall, Beatrice Kay's career and life were marked by her talent, dedication, and commitment to giving back. Her contributions to the entertainment world and to cancer research continue to be remembered and celebrated today.

Additionally, Beatrice Kay was known for her love of animals and was a dedicated animal rights activist. She worked with various animal welfare organizations, such as the American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (ASPCA), and even sponsored animals in need. Kay's love of animals was evident in her personal life as well, as she was a devoted pet owner and often included her pets in her performances, such as her parrot who would join her on stage during her nightclub acts.

Throughout her career, Kay also had the opportunity to work with many famous entertainers, such as Bob Hope, Frank Sinatra, and Ethel Merman. She even shared the stage with Elvis Presley, serving as his opening act during his 1955 tour. Kay's versatility and talent as a performer allowed her to work with many different stars and to become a beloved figure in the entertainment world.

Today, Beatrice Kay's legacy lives on through her contributions to entertainment, philanthropy, and animal welfare. Her dedication to cancer research and advocacy for animals continue to inspire others to make a difference, and her talent as a performer is remembered as a part of Hollywood's golden age.

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W. H. Auden

W. H. Auden (February 21, 1907 York-September 29, 1973 Vienna) otherwise known as W.H. Auden, Wystan Hugh Auden or Auden, W.H. was an American librettist, poet, screenwriter, author, composer, writer, playwright and essayist.

He was born in York, England and later became an American citizen in 1946. Auden is regarded as one of the greatest poets of the 20th century and his works were known for their technical virtuosity and depth of engagement with politics, social issues and psychology. He initially gained fame with his 1930 collection of poems titled "Poems", followed by several other collections including "The Orators" and "The Double Man".

Auden's poems often deal with universal themes such as love, death, and the quest for meaning in a chaotic world. He was also known for his collaborations with other artists, including composer Benjamin Britten and playwright Christopher Isherwood. Auden was awarded the Pulitzer Prize for Poetry in 1948 and his poems continue to be studied and celebrated by scholars and readers around the world.

In addition to his poetry, W. H. Auden also wrote several essays and critical works, including "The Enchafèd Flood" and "The Dyer's Hand". He was known for his witty and insightful commentary on literature and culture. Auden also worked as a screenwriter and wrote several plays, including "The Dance of Death" and "The Dog Beneath the Skin". He moved to the United States in 1939 and taught at various universities, including the University of Michigan and the University of Oxford. Auden was also an active member of the political left and advocated for social change throughout his career. He died of a heart attack while on vacation in Vienna in 1973, leaving behind a rich legacy of works that continue to inspire and influence generations of writers and artists.

During his time in America, W. H. Auden became a prominent figure in literary circles and a spokesperson for the liberal political movement. He was known for his leftist political views and his strong opposition to fascism and totalitarianism. Auden's experiences during the Spanish Civil War and World War II heavily influenced his work, and many of his poems of this period reflect his belief that poetry must be politically engaged.

Auden was openly gay and his sexuality is a recurring theme in his works. He had several romantic relationships throughout his life, including a long-term partnership with American poet Chester Kallman. Auden's poems often explore themes of love and same-sex desire, and he was a pioneer of queer literature in the mid-20th century.

In addition to his Pulitzer Prize, W. H. Auden received numerous awards and honors throughout his lifetime, including the National Book Award, the Bollingen Prize, and the Queen's Gold Medal for Poetry. He remains one of the most influential and widely read poets of the modern era, and his works continue to inspire new generations of readers and writers.

Auden was also known for his interest in psychology and his exploration of the human psyche in his poetry. He was particularly influenced by the work of Sigmund Freud, and his poems often deal with themes of anxiety, guilt, and the unconscious mind. Auden's interest in psychology is evident in his most famous poem, "September 1, 1939", which explores the psychological impact of the outbreak of World War II.

Throughout his career, Auden was deeply engaged with the world around him and was known for his social and political activism. He was a strong advocate for civil rights, nuclear disarmament, and the rights of refugees and migrants. Auden was also a keen observer of popular culture and was known for his satirical commentary on consumerism, mass media, and the commodification of art.

Despite his success, Auden was known for his self-deprecating sense of humor and his rejection of the idea of the "great poet". He often referred to himself as a "minor poet" and was critical of the cult of personality that surrounded many of his contemporaries. Today, Auden's poetry continues to be widely read and celebrated for its technical mastery, intellectual depth, and engagement with the major social and political issues of his time.

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Blind Boy Fuller

Blind Boy Fuller (July 10, 1907 Wadesboro-February 13, 1941 Durham, England) also known as Fuller, Blind Boy or Fulton Allen was an American singer.

His albums: Complete Recorded Works in Chronological Order, Volume 2: 29 April 1936 to 12 July 1937, Rag Mama Rag, East Coast Piedmont Style, Blind Boy Fuller 1935-1938 Remastered, Truckin' My Blues Away, The Essential (disc 2), Complete Recorded Works in Chronological Order, Volume 1: 23 September 1935 to 29 April 1936, Sweet Honey Hole, Heart Ease Blues / Jivin' Woman Blues and Baby, I Don't Have to Worry / Lookin' for My Woman. His related genres: Country blues, Piedmont blues and East Coast blues.

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Connee Boswell

Connee Boswell (December 3, 1907 Kansas City-October 11, 1976 New York City) a.k.a. Constance F. Boswell, Connie Boswell, Boswell, Connee or Constance Foore Boswell was an American singer and actor.

Her albums include Connee, Irving Berlin: A Golden Anniversary Tribute, Heart & Soul: 25 Hits 1932-42, Connee Boswell and the Original Memphis Five in Hi-Fi, Moonlight and Roses, Let It Snow! Let It Snow! Let It Snow!, Rarities, Sweethearts or Strangers / I'll Keep on Loving You, They Can't Take These Songs Away From Me and Basin Street Blues / Bob White. Her related genres: Jazz.

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Matty Matlock

Matty Matlock (April 27, 1907 Paducah-June 14, 1978) also known as Matlock, Julian "Matty" or Julian "Matty" Matlock was an American , .

Genres: Dixieland and Swing music.

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Rod Cless

Rod Cless (May 20, 1907 Iowa-December 8, 1944 New York City) was an American , .

His related genres: Jazz.

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Tuts Washington

Tuts Washington (January 24, 1907 New Orleans-August 5, 1984 New Orleans) a.k.a. Washington, Tuts was an American pianist.

His most recognized albums: New Orleans Piano Professor. Genres: Louisiana blues.

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John Wayne

John Wayne (May 26, 1907 Winterset-June 11, 1979 Los Angeles) also known as Marion Robert Morrison, Duke Morrison, Marion Mitchell Morrison, Marion Michael Morrison, Michael Morris, Marion Morrison, Duke, JW, Little Duke or The Duke was an American actor, film director, film producer and businessperson. He had seven children, Michael Wayne, Patrick Wayne, Ethan Wayne, Mary Antonia Wayne LaCava, Aissa Wayne, Melinda Wayne Munoz and Marisa Wayne.

Related albums: America, Why I Love Her.

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Edgar Sampson

Edgar Sampson (August 31, 1907 New York City-January 16, 1973 Englewood) a.k.a. Sampson, Edgar was an American music arranger, composer, saxophonist and violinist.

He began his music career in the late 1920s and rose to fame as a member of the Chick Webb Orchestra. Sampson is best known for composing the jazz standards "Stompin' at the Savoy", "Don't Be That Way", and "Blue Lou". He also arranged music for many big bands of his time, including Benny Goodman, Count Basie, and Artie Shaw. In addition to his musical achievements, Sampson was among the first African-Americans to work on the staff of a major music publishing company. Despite facing racial discrimination throughout his life, Sampson's contributions to jazz music earned him a place in the Big Band and Jazz Hall of Fame in 1978.

Sampson was born and raised in Harlem, New York City, where he was surrounded by jazz music from a young age. He began playing the violin at the age of six and later picked up the saxophone. When he was a teenager, he joined the Harlem-based band led by Willie "The Lion" Smith, where he met Chick Webb. After playing with various bands in New York City, Sampson joined Webb's orchestra in 1930 and became a key arranger and composer for the group.

In addition to his work with big bands, Sampson also recorded as a bandleader and solo artist. His 1937 recording of "Stompin' at the Savoy" with the Benny Goodman Orchestra is considered a classic of the swing era. Sampson continued to compose and arrange music throughout his career, working with both established and up-and-coming musicians.

Sampson's legacy in jazz music has been celebrated by many musicians and music historians. In addition to his inductions into the Big Band and Jazz Hall of Fame, he has been recognized with a Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award and a posthumous induction into the Songwriters Hall of Fame. Sampson's music continues to be performed and recorded by jazz musicians around the world.

Sampson was known for his mastery of blending different musical genres, including swing, jazz, and bebop. He was credited with helping to bring bebop to the mainstream, and his arrangements for big bands were considered pioneering in their use of sophisticated harmonies and intricate rhythms.

Despite his success as a musician, Sampson faced numerous challenges throughout his life due to racism and segregation. He was once denied entry to a concert hall where his own music was being performed because of his race. He also struggled to make a living as a black musician during a time when discrimination was rampant in the music industry.

Sampson's legacy has inspired many musicians, particularly those from marginalized communities. His perseverance and contributions to jazz music have helped pave the way for future generations of musicians. His impact on jazz music continues to be felt to this day, with many of his compositions remaining popular staples of the genre.

Sampson was multi-talented, being skilled not only in composing, arranging and playing a variety of instruments, but also in singing and dancing. In fact, he was known for his signature step, the "Sampson Slide," which he would perform while playing the saxophone. He was also a prolific songwriter, having composed over 400 pieces of music throughout his career.

Despite facing racial discrimination in the music industry, Sampson was outspoken about the need for racial integration and equality. He was a member of the NAACP and was actively involved in promoting civil rights. He was also a mentor to many young musicians, particularly those from minority communities.

Unfortunately, Sampson's career was cut short due to health problems. He suffered a heart attack in 1968 which left him unable to perform. He died in 1973 at the age of 65.

Sampson's impact on jazz music remains significant to this day. His compositions and arrangements continue to be celebrated and studied by jazz musicians and fans around the world. He is regarded as one of the most important figures of the swing era, and his contributions to the development of bebop and other jazz styles are still felt today.

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Paul Francis Webster

Paul Francis Webster (December 20, 1907 New York City-March 18, 1984 Beverly Hills) also known as Paul Webster was an American songwriter and lyricist.

He wrote the lyrics to many popular songs, including "Love Is a Many-Splendored Thing," "The Shadow of Your Smile," "The Tender Trap," and "Somewhere, My Love" (from the movie Doctor Zhivago). He won three Academy Awards for Best Original Song, for "Love Is a Many-Splendored Thing," "The Shadow of Your Smile," and "Theme from The Color Purple." Webster was inducted into the Songwriters Hall of Fame in 1972, and his songs have been covered by many famous artists, including Frank Sinatra, Barbra Streisand, and Tony Bennett. In addition to his work as a songwriter, he also served on the board of the American Society of Composers, Authors, and Publishers (ASCAP) and was instrumental in negotiating better working conditions for songwriters.

Webster was born in New York City and grew up in a musical family. He originally studied to be a lawyer but decided to pursue a career in songwriting instead. His first big break came in the 1940s when he teamed up with composer Sam H. Stept to write songs for the popular radio show "Your Hit Parade." From there, he went on to write for film and television, collaborating with composers such as Johnny Mandel and Dimitri Tiomkin.

One of Webster's most famous collaborations was with composer Alfred Newman, with whom he wrote the score for the 1956 film "Love Is a Many-Splendored Thing." The film's title song became an instant classic and earned Webster his first Academy Award. He went on to win two more Oscars for "The Shadow of Your Smile" (from the film "The Sandpiper") and "Theme from The Color Purple."

Webster was known for his ability to write lyrics that were both romantic and intelligent, and his work continues to be celebrated by musicians and fans alike. He passed away in 1984 at the age of 76, but his contributions to the world of music live on.

In addition to his film and television work, Webster also wrote songs for Broadway musicals. He collaborated with composer Harold Arlen on the score for the 1954 musical "House of Flowers," which featured the popular song "A Sleepin' Bee." He also wrote the lyrics for the 1962 musical "I Can Get It for You Wholesale," which starred a young Barbra Streisand. Streisand went on to record several of Webster's songs throughout her career, including "The Sweetest Sounds" and "With One More Look at You/Watch Closely Now" from the film "A Star is Born."

Webster was known for his attention to detail and his ability to fit lyrics to a specific melody. He once said, "The words have to fit the music and the feeling has to be right. When you achieve that, it's a perfect marriage."

Webster's legacy in the music industry continues to be felt today. His songs have been featured in countless movies and television shows, and they remain popular with audiences of all ages. His dedication to improving working conditions for songwriters also helped pave the way for future generations of musicians.

Webster's success can also be attributed to his collaborative nature. He worked closely with composers, directors, and producers to ensure that his lyrics fit seamlessly with the overall vision of the project. In fact, his ability to work well with others was one of the reasons he was so highly regarded in the music industry. He was also known for his generosity and willingness to mentor younger songwriters. Composer Johnny Mandel once said of Webster, "He was one of the nicest, most decent, and most helpful fellows I ever met in the business."

Webster's songs have stood the test of time and have been covered by countless artists over the years. His lyrics continue to resonate with audiences, and his contributions to the world of music will be remembered for generations to come. In recognition of his legacy, the ASCAP Foundation established the Paul Francis Webster Award in his honor. The award is given to promising young songwriters who show exceptional talent and potential in the field of music.

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Alec Wilder

Alec Wilder (February 16, 1907 Rochester-December 24, 1980 Gainesville) also known as Wilder, Alec, Alexander Lafayette Chew Wilder or Wilder was an American composer, author and film score composer.

Genres he performed: Popular music and Classical music.

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Jimmy McPartland

Jimmy McPartland (March 15, 1907 Chicago-March 13, 1991 Port Washington North) also known as McPartland, Jimmy or James Dugald McPartland was an American actor and jazz musician. He had one child, Dorothy McPartland.

His albums include A Sentimental Journey. Genres related to him: Dixieland.

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Lawrence Lucie

Lawrence Lucie (December 18, 1907 Emporia-August 14, 2009) also known as Lucie, Lawrence was an American , .

jazz guitarist. He was born in Emporia, Kansas and began his career in music in the 1920s, moving to New York City in the early 1930s where he worked with various jazz bands, including those led by Louis Armstrong and Benny Carter. He also played on numerous recordings with notable jazz musicians such as Billie Holiday, Duke Ellington, and Count Basie. Lucie was admired for his smooth and melodious style, often showcasing his skills on the electric guitar. He continued to perform and record into his 90s, and remained an influential figure in jazz until his death at the age of 101.

In addition to his work as a jazz guitarist, Lawrence Lucie was also known for his talents as a banjo player. He was a member of the New York Jazz Quartet in the 1970s and toured extensively throughout Europe and Japan. Lucie was also a featured performer in the groundbreaking 1960s television series "Jazz Casual" and appeared in the 1981 film "American Hot Wax". His contributions to the jazz community were recognized in 1995 when he was awarded the National Endowment for the Arts Jazz Masters Fellowship. Lawrence Lucie passed away peacefully in his sleep at his home in East Orange, New Jersey at the age of 101, leaving behind a legacy as one of the most versatile and respected guitarists in the history of jazz.

Throughout his lengthy career, Lawrence Lucie was a well-respected musician, admired for his technical skill and his ability to blend seamlessly into any ensemble. His versatility allowed him to play a variety of styles, from swing and bebop to Dixieland and blues. In addition to his work as a sideman, Lucie also recorded several albums as a leader, including "Boogie Woogie and Bop" (1955) and "Blues for Sax" (1978).

Aside from his musical endeavors, Lucie was also a passionate educator who enjoyed sharing his knowledge of music with young people. He taught guitar at the Harlem School of the Arts and was a mentor to many aspiring musicians throughout his life. His dedication to passing on the traditions of jazz ensured that his legacy would live on for generations to come.

Lawrence Lucie's contributions to the jazz world were extensive and far-reaching, earning him a place as one of the most important figures in the history of the genre. His impact can still be felt today in the music of countless guitarists, and his legacy serves as a testament to the enduring power and beauty of jazz.

Lucie's career as a jazz guitarist spanned over eight decades and he was highly regarded by his peers for his exceptional musicianship. He was a prominent member of the New York jazz scene and was known to have an extensive knowledge of the history of jazz. His performances often included innovative improvisations, and he was widely sought after as a session musician.

In addition to his work in jazz, Lucie also made contributions to the world of popular music. He recorded with notable pop musicians such as Tony Bennett, Frank Sinatra, and Bing Crosby. Lucie was also a regular performer on television shows and provided music for commercials.

Despite his success, Lucie remained humble and was always willing to share his knowledge and expertise with younger musicians. He believed that learning was a continuous process and often attended music classes and workshops himself.

Reflecting on his long and illustrious career, Lucie once said, "I just loved playing the guitar, and I was fortunate enough to do it for a living. I never thought I would be doing it for as long as I did, but it's been a wonderful journey." Lawrence Lucie's contributions to the world of music have left an indelible mark on the industry, earning him a place among the greatest musicians of all time.

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Billie Pierce

Billie Pierce (June 8, 1907 Marianna-September 29, 1974 New Orleans) a.k.a. Wilhelmina Goodson was an American jazz pianist and singer.

She was best known for her traditional New Orleans jazz style and was a beloved fixture in the city's jazz scene. Pierce began playing piano at a young age and was performing in her teens. She toured extensively with her husband, trumpeter De De Pierce, and performed with other jazz legends such as Kid Ory, George Lewis, and Papa Celestin. Pierce also recorded several albums and was a frequent performer at New Orleans jazz festivals. In addition to her musical career, she and her husband owned and operated a popular jazz club in the city called the "Pied Piper." Pierce's music continues to influence and inspire jazz musicians today.

In the 1960s, Billie Pierce also became a noted music educator, teaching jazz history and performance at Dillard University in New Orleans. She was instrumental in helping to preserve traditional New Orleans jazz, and was a mentor to many young musicians. Pierce was also recognized for her talents with numerous awards, including induction into the Hall of Fame of the New Orleans Jazz Club in 1963. She continued to perform and record until her death in 1974. Today, her legacy lives on through the many recordings she left behind, as well as the many musicians she inspired and taught throughout her career.

Billie Pierce was born in Marianna, Arkansas, and grew up playing music in the local churches. She and her husband, De De Pierce, one of the most popular trumpeters of his time, were married in the early 1940s and began performing together in New Orleans. The couple relocated to California in the late 1940s, where they formed a band and performed at clubs throughout the state.

In the 1950s, Pierce returned to New Orleans with her husband, and they opened the "Pied Piper" jazz club together. The club became a popular hotspot for jazz musicians and fans alike, and it played an important role in preserving the New Orleans jazz tradition during a time when it was in danger of disappearing.

Pierce was known for her soulful singing voice and her expertise on the piano. She was also an accomplished composer, and many of her original works are still performed today. Her music reflected the rich cultural heritage of New Orleans, with its blend of African rhythms, European harmonies, and Caribbean influences.

In addition to her performances and recordings, Pierce was also a dedicated music educator. She taught jazz history and performance at Dillard University in New Orleans and was an influential mentor to many young musicians, including Ellis Marsalis Jr. and Harry Connick Jr.

Pierce passed away at the age of 67, but her music and legacy continue to inspire and influence jazz musicians around the world. She remains a beloved figure in the history of New Orleans jazz, and her contributions to the genre will not be forgotten.

Pierce's music career began in the 1920s when she moved to Chicago with her family, where she played piano and sang with several different bands. She also performed in vaudeville shows and toured across the country with various groups. Pierce's big break came when she met and began performing with the legendary jazz clarinetist and bandleader, George Lewis.

She and her husband De De, who was also a jazz musician, settled in New Orleans in the 1950s and quickly became fixtures of the city's music scene. Pierce played at various venues around the city, including Preservation Hall, where she performed regularly for over a decade. In 1958, she and her husband opened the "Pied Piper" club, which quickly became a popular spot for tourists and locals alike. The club played host to some of the biggest names in jazz, including Louis Armstrong, Cannonball Adderley, and Albert "Papa" French.

Pierce's talents as a musician and educator were widely recognized during her lifetime. In addition to her work at Dillard University, she was also a regular guest performer and lecturer at other universities and music conferences around the country. She was awarded the New Orleans Jazz Commission's Jazz Pioneer Award in 1971, just three years before her passing.

Today, Pierce is remembered as one of the most influential and beloved figures in the history of New Orleans jazz. Her dedication to preserving and promoting the city's unique musical heritage, as well as her talents as a performer and educator, continue to inspire musicians and music lovers around the world.

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Burgess Meredith

Burgess Meredith (November 16, 1907 Cleveland-September 9, 1997 Malibu) also known as Oliver Burgess Meredith, Buzz or Burgess Meridith was an American actor, film producer, film director, screenwriter, voice actor, writer and soldier. He had two children, Tala Meredith and Jonathon Meredith.

Meredith got his start in acting in the theater before moving on to film and television. He received critical acclaim for his roles in the movies "Of Mice and Men" (1939) and "The Diary of a Chambermaid" (1946). His other memorable roles include the villainous Penguin in the TV series "Batman" (1966-1968), and Mickey Goldmill in the "Rocky" film franchise.

Aside from acting, Meredith also had interests in writing and directing. He wrote two books, "So Far, So Good: A Memoir" and "Thespis: Ritual, Myth, and Drama in the Ancient Near East". He also directed several episodes of the TV series "Police Story" and "The New Adventures of Wonder Woman".

Meredith was a decorated soldier, having served in World War II as a member of the United States Army Air Forces. He was awarded the Purple Heart and the Croix de Guerre for his bravery during his time in the service.

In his personal life, Meredith was married four times. He died in 1997 at the age of 89 from complications of Alzheimer's disease and melanoma.

Throughout his career, Meredith was nominated for numerous awards, including an Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor for his role in "The Day of the Locust" (1975). He also won several awards, such as the Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Supporting Actor in a Comedy or Drama Special for his role in "The Great White Hope" (1970). Meredith was known for his distinctive voice, which he lent to various animated characters, such as the Narrator in the TV show "Frosty the Snowman". He was also a skilled stage actor and appeared in numerous productions on Broadway, including "Macbeth" and "The Playboy of the Western World".

Beyond his acting career, Meredith was a passionate advocate for various causes, such as animal rights and conservation. He served on the board of directors for the Animal Welfare Institute and supported organizations such as The Wilderness Society and The Sierra Club. In recognition of his efforts, he was posthumously awarded the Humane Society of the United States' Lifetime Achievement Award in 1998.

Overall, Burgess Meredith was a talented and versatile performer who made significant contributions to film, television, and theater. He was also a dedicated advocate for various causes, leaving behind a lasting legacy both on and off the screen.

In addition to his successful career in acting, writing, and directing, Burgess Meredith was also an accomplished athlete. He was an avid boxer and even trained with professional boxers in his youth. His love for the sport and his knowledge of it contributed to his iconic role as Rocky Balboa's trainer in the "Rocky" film franchise. Outside of boxing, Meredith was also an enthusiastic tennis player and often played with fellow celebrities such as Charlie Chaplin and Groucho Marx. Meredith's legacy continues to live on through his impressive body of work and his dedication to various charitable causes.

Meredith's interest in boxing and athletics extended beyond just playing and training. He was also a lifelong student of the sport, writing articles and essays about it for various publications. He was known for his detailed knowledge of both the technical and cultural aspects of boxing, and even wrote a book on the subject titled "Soul of the Sport". Meredith's passion for boxing helped to elevate the sport's status in the public eye, and he is remembered today as a key figure in its cultural history. Additionally, Meredith was an accomplished painter and sculptor, with his works exhibited in galleries across the country. His artistic output was diverse, ranging from abstract paintings to realistic figurative sculptures. Reflecting his humanitarian and environmental interests, he often depicted animals and nature in his artwork. Burgess Meredith's legacy is thus multi-faceted, encompassing his contributions to the arts, sports, and social causes.

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Jack Gilford

Jack Gilford (July 25, 1907 Lower East Side-June 4, 1990 New York City) a.k.a. Jacob Aaron Gellman, Gilford, Jack or Yankel Gellman was an American actor and comedian. He had three children, Joe Gilford, Lisa Gilford and Sam Max Gilford.

Gilford was known for his comedic timing and expressive face, which led him to become a successful character actor in both film and television. He acted in a number of Broadway plays, including "A Funny Thing Happened on the Way to the Forum" and "Cabaret." Gilford was also nominated for an Academy Award for his supporting role in the film "Save the Tiger" in 1973. In addition to his acting career, he was an activist and fought for various causes, including civil rights and nuclear disarmament. Gilford was married to Madeline Lee Gilford for over 50 years until her death in 2008.

He grew up in poverty on the Lower East Side of Manhattan and dropped out of high school at the age of 14 to work odd jobs to support his family. Gilford began his entertainment career as a nightclub performer in the 1930s and later transitioned to stage and screen acting. He made his film debut in the 1950 movie "The Strip" and went on to act in numerous films, including "Catch-22," "Harry and Tonto," and "Cocoon." Gilford was also a frequent guest on television shows such as "The Ed Sullivan Show" and "The Dean Martin Show."

While he was a successful performer, Gilford also used his platform to advocate for issues he cared about. He was an active member of the American Civil Liberties Union and participated in the 1963 March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom. Gilford also served as the president of the Actors' Equity Association from 1964 to 1966, where he worked to improve the working conditions and benefits for actors. He passed away in 1990 at the age of 82 due to stomach cancer.

In addition to his work on stage and screen, Jack Gilford was also a prolific voice actor, lending his distinctive voice to a number of animated projects. He provided the voice of the title character in the animated television special "The Little Prince" in 1974, as well as roles in "Hey, Hey, Hey, It's Fat Albert" and "The Incredible Hulk." Gilford was also a talented writer and published a memoir titled "Jack Gilford: Early Stages" in 1973, which chronicled his life and career up to that point. Outside of his entertainment career, Gilford was devoted to his family and was known for his loving relationship with his wife Madeline, who was also an actress and activist. They worked together on a number of political and social causes, including protesting the Vietnam War and supporting the civil rights movement. Gilford's legacy as an actor and activist continues to be celebrated today, and he is remembered as a beloved figure in the entertainment industry.

Jack Gilford also had a successful career in advertising, appearing in a number of memorable commercials throughout the 1960s and 1970s. He was the star of the Cracker Jack commercials, where he famously proclaimed "That's a fact, Jack!" to end each spot. Gilford's commercial work helped to further cement his status as a beloved and recognizable figure in American popular culture. He was also known for his roles in films that explored deeper, more serious themes, including his acclaimed performance in the 1975 drama "Whiffs," which tackled the topic of the military-industrial complex. Despite his success, Gilford always maintained a humble and down-to-earth persona, and was respected by his peers in the entertainment industry for his talent, professionalism, and kindness.

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Tony Pastor

Tony Pastor (October 26, 1907 Middletown-October 31, 1969 New London) a.k.a. Pastor, Tony was an American singer.

His albums: T" - You're Adorable and Dance Parade / Your Dance Date With Tony Pastor.

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Elbern Alkire

Elbern Alkire (December 6, 1907-January 25, 1981) was an American , .

Elbern Alkire was an American pilot and aviation pioneer. He was born on December 6, 1907, in McConnelsville, Ohio, and grew up on a farm. In the early 1920s, Alkire became fascinated with flying and began taking flying lessons while he was still in high school. By the age of 19, he had earned his pilot's license and started barnstorming across the country.

In 1928, Alkire and his friend, Raymond K. Merrill, formed the Alkire-Merrill Aviation Company and began offering passenger flights and aerial photography services. They also performed stunts and aerial exhibitions at air shows around the country.

During World War II, Alkire served as a flight instructor for the United States Army Air Forces. After the war, he continued to work in the aviation industry, starting a charter airline and serving as a consultant to various aerospace companies.

Alkire was inducted into the International Air & Space Hall of Fame in 1973 for his contributions to aviation. He passed away on January 25, 1981, in Indianapolis, Indiana.

Alkire was known for his skilled aerial maneuvers and innovative aviation techniques. He set several aviation records, including the world's altitude record for light planes in 1930. Alkire also invented a device that allowed pilots to measure the distance between their plane and the ground, which revolutionized aerial photography and mapping. During his career, Alkire was involved in various aviation projects, including the development of the first aerial fire-fighting equipment. He was a member of the National Aviation Hall of Fame and the OX5 Aviation Pioneers Hall of Fame.

Alkire was not only an accomplished pilot and inventor but also a respected aviation writer. He wrote numerous articles and books on aviation, including his memoir, "The Throttle at Your Fingertips," which chronicled his experiences in the aviation industry. Alkire was also a strong advocate for aviation safety and served as the president of the Aircraft Owners and Pilots Association in the mid-1950s. His contributions to the aviation industry continue to be celebrated and remembered today.

As a lifelong aviation enthusiast, Elbern Alkire was also involved in various organizations that promoted aviation and encouraged young people to pursue careers in the field. He was a founding member of the Experimental Aircraft Association and served as the president of the organization's Indiana chapter. Alkire also helped establish the Indianapolis Municipal Airport and served on the airport's board for many years.

In addition to his many accomplishments in aviation, Alkire was a devoted family man, married to his wife, Betty, for over 50 years. They had two children together, and Alkire was known for his generosity and kindness both to his family and to those around him.

Today, Elbern Alkire is remembered as one of the most important figures in the history of aviation. His innovative ideas and pioneering spirit helped shape the industry and paved the way for future generations of pilots and aviation professionals.

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Frank Melrose

Frank Melrose (November 26, 1907 Sumner-September 1, 1941) was an American , .

Frank Melrose was an American jazz and blues pianist, guitarist, and composer. He was known for his distinctive style which combined elements of ragtime, blues, and boogie-woogie. Melrose began playing piano at a young age and quickly gained a reputation as a talented musician. He performed with many of the top jazz and blues musicians of his time and recorded numerous solo and group sessions. Melrose was also a prolific songwriter, composing many popular tunes such as "Messin' Around" and "Chicago Stomp". Despite his success, he struggled with alcoholism and financial troubles for much of his career. Melrose tragically died by suicide at the age of 33. He left behind a legacy as an influential musician whose style paved the way for many future jazz and blues artists.

Melrose was born in Sumner, Illinois, but grew up in Chicago where he first began to hone his musical skills. He was self-taught and began playing in clubs and speakeasies in the city's South Side during the 1920s. He played often with other notable musicians such as Big Bill Broonzy and Blind Blake. In 1929, he recorded with Tampa Red and Georgia Tom for Vocalion Records, where he played piano and guitar on some of the label's most notable blues recordings.

In addition to his work as a musician, Melrose was also a talented artist and created many of his own album designs and advertising posters. He was also known for his wild antics on stage, often incorporating comedy and theatrics into his performances.

Despite his short career, Melrose's influence can be heard in the music of many later jazz and blues artists. His innovative use of syncopation and improvisation helped pave the way for the development of jazz and blues piano styles in the decades to come.

Melrose's legacy also extends beyond his music. He was one of the few white musicians to fully immerse himself in the African-American music scene during a time of racial segregation. He gained respect and admiration from his black peers and was welcomed into their community, which was a rare occurrence at the time.

Melrose's life was surrounded by tragedy and hardship, from his struggles with alcoholism and financial instability to the untimely end of his life. However, his influence on jazz and blues music cannot be denied. His unique style and musical innovations continue to inspire musicians and listeners alike to this day.

Melrose's music was especially popular in Europe, where he toured extensively during the 1930s. He performed in England, France, and Germany, among other countries, and was received with great acclaim by audiences and critics alike. During his European tours, Melrose recorded several sessions for the British Decca label, including some of his most famous tunes such as "Bluesiana" and "Rhythm Room Blues". Melrose's popularity in Europe helped to popularize jazz and blues music outside of the United States, contributing to their global spread and influence.

Despite his success in Europe, Melrose's career in the United States was hampered by the Great Depression and the decline of the recording industry. He continued to perform in clubs and theaters throughout the country, but struggled to make a living and support his family. Melrose's personal life was also marked by tragedy, including the death of his infant daughter and the dissolution of his marriage.

Melrose's final years were plagued by worsening alcoholism and financial difficulties. He attempted to revive his career with a new record label and a series of solo piano recordings, but these efforts proved unsuccessful. On September 1, 1941, Melrose died by suicide in Chicago. He was buried in an unmarked grave until 1997, when a group of musicians and fans raised funds to purchase a headstone for his resting place.

Today, Melrose is remembered as a pioneering figure in jazz and blues music, whose innovative style and contributions helped to shape the course of American music in the 20th century. His influence can be heard in the work of countless musicians across generations and genres, cementing his legacy as one of the most important figures in American musical history.

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