Australian musicians died at 68

Here are 25 famous musicians from Australia died at 68:

Victor Albert Bailey

Victor Albert Bailey (December 18, 1895 Alexandria-December 7, 1964 Geneva) was an Australian physicist.

He is perhaps best known for his work on cosmic rays, which are high-energy particles that originate from sources such as the sun and other astronomical bodies. Bailey was instrumental in the development of detectors that could measure the arrival time and energy of cosmic rays, and his work helped to lay the foundation for the study of high-energy physics.

Bailey also made important contributions to the study of nuclear physics and radioactivity. He was a skilled experimentalist and helped to design and build several key instruments and devices that were used in these fields.

Throughout his career, Bailey was recognized for his scientific achievements with many awards and honors. He was a Fellow of the Royal Society of London and a member of the American Physical Society, among others. In addition to his scientific work, Bailey was also known for his dedication to teaching and mentoring younger physicists.

Bailey obtained his education from the University of Sydney, where he earned his bachelor's degree in Engineering in 1916, and his master's degree in Physics in 1918. He then went on to pursue his PhD at the University of Cambridge, where he worked with Ernest Rutherford, one of the most famous physicists of the time. After completing his PhD, Bailey held several academic positions, including a professorship at the University of Manchester and a research fellowship at the University of Cambridge.

During World War II, Bailey worked on the Manhattan Project, which was a research project aimed at developing the first nuclear weapons. He was involved in the production of heavy water, which is a key ingredient in nuclear reactors, and this work helped to pave the way for the development of nuclear power.

Bailey was also a devoted family man who had two children with his wife, Catherine. His son, David Bailey, went on to become a noted historian, while his daughter, Barbara, became a science journalist. Despite his many achievements and accolades, Victor Bailey remained humble and dedicated to his work until his death in 1964.

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Joseph Furphy

Joseph Furphy (September 26, 1843 Yering-September 13, 1912 Claremont) was an Australian writer, novelist, author and poet.

He was best known for his critically acclaimed novel, "Such is Life", which is considered a classic of Australian literature. Furphy also wrote poetry and short stories, and was known for his use of rural Australian settings in his works. He was a self-taught writer and worked a variety of jobs throughout his life, including as a blacksmith and a bullock driver. He became known by his pen name, "Tom Collins", after the title character of one of his short stories. Today, Furphy is honored in Australia with several awards and a statue in his hometown.

Furphy was born in Yering, Victoria, Australia, and was the fourth of his parents' seven children. His parents were Irish Catholic immigrants who had left Ireland during the Great Famine. Furphy attended school irregularly and was largely self-taught. In 1867, he married Leonie Germaine Cudmore, and together they had five children. Furphy moved around Victoria, working various jobs to support his family, including as a gold miner and a water boring contractor.

In 1884, Furphy published a collection of poems titled "The Poems of Joseph Furphy," which received mixed reviews. He continued to write and publish short stories and poetry throughout his life, but it was his novel, "Such is Life," published in 1903, that brought him critical acclaim. The novel is a complex and satirical portrayal of Australian life and has become a major work of Australian literature.

Furphy's health declined in his later years, and he died of pneumonia at the age of 68 in Claremont, Western Australia. He is remembered as one of Australia's great literary figures and for his contributions to the development of Australian literature.

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Pat McDonald

Pat McDonald (August 1, 1921 Melbourne-March 10, 1990 Australia) also known as Patricia Ethell McDonald or Patricia Ethell "Pat" McDonald was an Australian actor.

Pat McDonald began her acting career in the late 1940s and went on to appear in several Australian films, including "Kangaroo" (1952), "Smiley" (1956), and "The Shiralee" (1957). She also had a successful career in television and appeared in numerous Australian TV shows such as "Homicide," "Division 4," and "Prisoner". McDonald was known for her versatility as an actor and her ability to portray a wide range of characters. In addition to her work as an actor, McDonald was also involved in theater and radio. She was a popular and well-respected figure in the Australian entertainment industry, and her contributions to Australian film and television are still appreciated today.

Pat McDonald was born on August 1, 1921, in Melbourne, Victoria, Australia. She was the daughter of Albert Daniel McDonald and his wife, Ethel Sarah McDonald. McDonald grew up in Australia and showed an interest in acting from a young age. She attended acting school and began her career in the late 1940s, working in theater and radio before transitioning to film and television.

McDonald's breakthrough role came in the film "Kangaroo" in 1952, where she played a supporting role alongside Peter Lawford and Richard Boone. She went on to appear in several other successful Australian films, including "Smiley" in 1956, and "The Shiralee" in 1957, cementing her name as a prominent figure in the Australian film industry.

In addition to her work in film, McDonald also made a significant impact on Australian television. She appeared in many of Australia's most popular shows throughout the 1970s, including "Homicide," "Division 4," and "Prisoner," among others. Her versatility and range as an actor made her a popular choice for many different kinds of roles.

Despite her success in the entertainment industry, McDonald remained grounded and devoted to her family. She was married to actor and director Ray Lawler for over 30 years and had three children. McDonald's legacy in the Australian entertainment industry remains strong, and she is remembered as a talented and dedicated actor who made significant contributions to the industry. Pat McDonald passed away on March 10, 1990, in Australia, after a battle with cancer.

She died caused by cancer.

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Elton Mayo

Elton Mayo (December 26, 1880 Adelaide-September 7, 1949 Guildford) was an Australian psychologist.

He is widely known for his significant contributions in the field of industrial organization psychology, organizational behavior, and organizational theory. Mayo's monumental research known as the Hawthorne Studies is considered a groundbreaking study of its time in the field of organizational behavior. It aimed to understand how workers' attitudes, group dynamics, and social interactions influence their productivity in their work. With his research, Mayo challenged the rudimentary theories of scientific management proposed by Frederick W. Taylor and paved the way for the adoption of human relations theory in management. His advocacy for a more humane approach to industrial relations transformed the way managers dealt with the problems of employee motivation and morale which are still relevant in modern organizations. Aside from his research in management, Mayo also made significant contributions in social psychology through his work in clinical psychology, interpretation of human problems, and human communication.

Mayo graduated with a degree in psychology and philosophy from the University of Adelaide, later pursuing his PhD in pathology and physiology in Scotland. He then moved to the United States, where he started his career as a professor at the Harvard Business School. He published several books and articles on management and psychology, including "The Social Problems of an Industrial Civilization" and "Human Problems of an Industrial Civilization".

Mayo's work and research were influential not just in academia but in government regulations and policies. He advised the US government on workplace safety during World War I and was a consultant for the reconstruction of the German industry in the post-World War II era. His contributions to the field of management are still studied and referenced in modern management practices.

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Frank Thring

Frank Thring (May 11, 1926 Melbourne-December 29, 1994 Melbourne) also known as Frank William Thring, Francis William Thring Jr. or The Many-Splendoured Thring was an Australian actor.

Frank Thring was a highly respected actor and theatrical producer in Australia, who gained international recognition for his role as Pontius Pilate in the classic biblical film, "Ben-Hur" (1959). He was known for his imposing stature, his deep, authoritative voice, and his ability to play intense and dramatic characters. Thring began his career in the theatre, and he became one of the most successful producers in Australia during the 1950s and 1960s. He produced many acclaimed productions, including the first Australian production of the musical, "My Fair Lady", which was a huge success. In addition to his work in theatre and film, Thring was also a well-known television personality, hosting his own talk show, "The Late Show" from 1968 to 1970. He was known for his wit and his ability to interview guests from all walks of life. Despite his successes, Thring battled with alcoholism throughout much of his life, and he struggled to maintain his health in his later years. He died in 1994 at the age of 68.

Thring also had a memorable role as King Herod in the 1973 adaptation of the Andrew Lloyd Webber and Tim Rice musical, "Jesus Christ Superstar". His performance of the song "King Herod's Song" became one of the highlights of the film. In addition to his work as an actor, producer and television host, Thring was also a talented writer. He wrote several plays, including "The House of Mirth" and "A Streetcar Named Desire". Thring was known for his flamboyant lifestyle and his penchant for eccentric behavior. He was often seen wearing extravagant costumes and hosting lavish parties. Despite his reputation as a larger-than-life personality, Thring was deeply respected for his contributions to Australian theatre and film. His legacy as one of Australia's greatest actors and producers continues to be celebrated to this day.

He died as a result of cancer.

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Anne Haddy

Anne Haddy (October 5, 1930 Quorn-June 6, 1999 Melbourne) was an Australian actor, voice actor and secretary.

Haddy was best known for her role as Helen Daniels in the long-running Australian soap opera, "Neighbours." She was one of the original cast members and appeared in over 1,600 episodes of the show from 1985 to 1997. Prior to her acting career, Haddy worked as a secretary for the Australian Broadcasting Commission. She also lent her voice to various animated programs, including "The Saddle Club" and "Blinky Bill." In addition to her television work, Haddy had a successful career on stage and in radio dramas. She was posthumously inducted into the Logie Hall of Fame in 2006.

Haddy's acting career began in the 1950s when she appeared in a number of Australian television series, including "The Adventures of Long John Silver" and "Homicide." She also appeared in several films, such as "They're A Weird Mob" and "Pacific Banana." In the 1970s, Haddy starred in the Australian television series "Number 96" where she played the role of Rosie Andrews.

Aside from her acting career, Haddy was also known for her charitable work. She was an advocate for several causes, including the Cancer Fund for Children and the Lort Smith Animal Hospital. Haddy was also involved in the Save Albert Park group, which aimed to preserve the park from commercialization during the Formula 1 Grand Prix.

Haddy was married twice during her lifetime, first to James Condon and later to Philip Holmes. She had two children, Charles and Caroline Condon, from her first marriage. Haddy's legacy continues to live on through her contributions to the Australian entertainment industry and her charitable work.

She died as a result of stomach cancer.

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Sara Henderson

Sara Henderson (September 15, 1936 Sydney-April 29, 2005 Caloundra) was an Australian writer.

Sara Henderson was best known for her book "From Strength to Strength", which was published in 1984. The book chronicled her life on Bullo River Station, a cattle station in the Northern Territory that she and her husband, Charles, purchased in 1959. The couple faced numerous challenges, including droughts and floods, but Sara's determination and strength allowed them to overcome these obstacles and build a successful cattle operation. In addition to being an author, Sara was also a motivational speaker and advocate for breast cancer awareness. She raised over $1 million for breast cancer research and was awarded an Order of Australia in recognition of her charitable work.

Sara Henderson's successful "From Strength to Strength" book became the best-selling autobiography written by a woman in Australian history, selling over one million copies. Due to her book's success, Sara appeared on Australian television and was featured in many magazines and newspapers. Besides her autobiography, Sara wrote three more books, including "Bullo: The Next Generation," which followed the family's success after their children took over the cattle station. After her breast cancer diagnosis, Sara became a vocal advocate for early detection and treatment. She spoke out about the importance of breast cancer screenings and raised awareness through her motivational speeches. In 2001, she was also awarded the Centenary Medal for her service to the Australian society as a writer and advocate.

She died in breast cancer.

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Kit Denton

Kit Denton (May 5, 1928 Stepney-April 14, 1997 Blue Mountains) also known as Arnold Christopher Denton, Arnold Christopher "Kit" Denton, Arnold Ditkofsky or Arnold Christopher Ditkofsky was an Australian novelist, screenwriter and actor. His child is Andrew Denton.

Kit Denton was born on May 5, 1928 in Stepney, a suburb in Adelaide, South Australia. He started his career as a journalist and later became a novelist, screenwriter and actor. Denton is best known for his novels, in particular his book "The Breaker" which tells the story of the Australian soldier Harry "Breaker" Morant.

Aside from writing, Denton was also active in the film and television industry. He worked as a screenwriter for various Australian television shows including "Homicide" and "The Sullivans". Denton also acted on television, appearing in shows such as "Matlock Police" and "Prisoner".

Denton's son, Andrew Denton, followed in his father's footsteps and became a well-known media personality in Australia, hosting popular television shows and producing documentaries. Kit Denton passed away on April 14, 1997 in the Blue Mountains, New South Wales at the age of 68.

In addition to his successful career in writing and acting, Kit Denton was also a passionate advocate for environmental causes. He was an active member of numerous environmental organizations and frequently wrote about the need for conservation efforts. Denton also worked as a teacher later in his career, teaching creative writing and media studies at various universities in Australia. He was a well-respected figure in the Australian literary landscape and his contributions to the arts and environmental activism continue to be celebrated today.

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Ian Turpie

Ian Turpie (November 6, 1943 Melbourne-March 11, 2012 Narraweena) also known as Turps, Ian Bruce "Turps" Turpie or Ian Bruce Turpie was an Australian presenter and actor.

Turpie was well known in Australia for his long career in television. He began his career as a musician, playing in various bands before transitioning to hosting game shows. He hosted popular shows such as "Supermarket Sweep," "The Price is Right," and "Family Feud."

In addition to his work on television, Turpie also appeared in several Australian films and TV shows, including "Prisoner" and "The Sullivans." He was a talented performer and was known for his quick wit and humor.

Turpie was also active in the community and was involved in various charity organizations. He was a supporter of the Starlight Foundation, an organization that supports seriously ill children, and was involved with the Variety Club, a charity that helps children with disabilities.

Despite his success, Turpie remained humble and grateful for his career. He is remembered as a beloved figure in Australian entertainment who brought joy and laughter to many.

Turpie was born in Melbourne in 1943, the son of a musician. He inherited his father's love for music and played in several bands during his youth. In the late 1960s, he joined the pop group The Executives, which had several hits in Australia. However, Turpie soon discovered a new passion: hosting game shows. He began his television career in 1967 as the host of the children's show "Small Time," and went on to host a string of successful game shows in the 1970s and 1980s.

Despite his success in television, Turpie never lost his love for music. He continued to play in bands and released several albums throughout his career. He also performed in musical theater productions, including a national tour of "Grease" in the 1990s.

Turpie was known for his generosity and kindness towards fans and colleagues. He was a mentor to many young performers and was always willing to lend his support to charity events. In 2006, he was honored with a Medal of the Order of Australia for his services to the entertainment industry and to the community.

Turpie died in 2012 at the age of 68, leaving behind a legacy of laughter and joy. He is remembered as a true icon of Australian television and entertainment.

He died caused by laryngeal cancer.

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Wilfred Fullagar

Wilfred Fullagar (November 16, 1892 Malvern-July 9, 1961) a.k.a. Judge Wilfred Fullagar was an Australian judge.

He was appointed as a judge of the Supreme Court of Victoria in 1946 and was later appointed as a justice of the High Court of Australia in 1950. Prior to his judicial career, Fullagar served in the Australian military during World War I and was awarded the Military Cross for his service. He then practiced law, specializing in commercial and company law. In his career as a judge, Fullagar was known for his formidable intellect and his sharp wit. He retired from the High Court in 1962, shortly before his death.

During his tenure as a judge of the High Court of Australia, Fullagar contributed to a number of important decisions, some of which received intense public scrutiny such as the Decision of Bank of New South Wales v Commonwealth and He Kaw Teh v R. His judgments were notable for their clarity and depth of legal reasoning. Prior to his appointment to the High Court, Fullagar served as a judge of the Supreme Court of Victoria, where he presided over a number of high-profile cases. In his personal life, Fullagar was known for his love of reading, and was widely read in fields ranging from literature to history and philosophy. He was also known for his love of music, and was an accomplished pianist. Fullagar is remembered as one of Australia's most distinguished jurists, whose contributions to the development of Australian law continue to be studied and discussed by legal scholars and practitioners to this day.

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Mick Cronin

Mick Cronin (March 18, 1911-September 1, 1979) was an Australian personality.

Mick Cronin was a renowned Australian rugby league player and coach, known for his contribution to the sport in Australia. He was born on March 18, 1911, in Gerringong, New South Wales, and began his rugby career playing for the local team, Gerringong Lions.

Cronin signed up with the South Sydney Rabbitohs in 1931, where he played as a halfback. He quickly established himself as a skilled player and became a regular member of the team. In 1936, he transferred to the Western Suburbs Magpies, where he also played as a halfback and won his first premiership in 1939.

After retiring from playing in 1941, Cronin turned to coaching and worked with the Wests Magpies as a reserve-grade coach. He later became the head coach of the first-grade team and took the team to the grand finals in 1948 and 1952.

Cronin was also involved in the administration of rugby league in New South Wales and served as a selector for the New South Wales team. He was widely respected for his knowledge of the game and his contribution to the sport.

Mick Cronin passed away on September 1, 1979, leaving behind a legacy as one of the greats of Australian rugby league.

Throughout his career, Mick Cronin was considered a trailblazer for his innovative tactical strategies and techniques. His contributions to rugby league not only earned him a place in the sport's hall of fame but also made him an important figure in the history of Australian sports. Mick's legacy as a player and coach was felt long after his death, with many of his methods still used by rugby teams today. In 2008, Cronin was posthumously inducted into the Australian Rugby League Hall of Fame for his accomplishments as a player, coach, and administrator in the sport.

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Bernard King

Bernard King (March 1, 1934 Maleny-December 20, 2002) was an Australian chef.

King was renowned for his culinary skills and innovation in the food industry. He trained as a chef in Sydney and gained experience working in restaurants in Paris, London, and New York. In 1976, he became the head chef at La Belle Helene, a fine dining restaurant in Sydney, where he achieved great success.

King was known for using local, seasonal ingredients in his cooking and was a pioneer of the farm-to-table movement in Australia. He was also instrumental in introducing French cuisine to Australian diners in the 1970s and 1980s.

During his career, King received numerous awards and accolades, including being named Chef of the Year by the Australian Hotels Association and winning the prestigious Gold Plate Award. He was also a mentor to many young chefs and a respected figure in the Australian food industry.

After his death in 2002, King was remembered as a culinary trailblazer who had a profound impact on the Australian food scene.

King's legacy in the food industry continues to influence many chefs and restaurants today. In honor of his contributions to the culinary world, the Bernard King Award for Excellence in Australian Food is awarded annually. Additionally, his recipes and cooking techniques have been published in several cookbooks, including "Bernard King's French Country Cooking" and "The Tart and Sweet of Pie." King's impact on Australian cuisine is undeniable, and his passion for local and seasonal ingredients continues to inspire chefs and food enthusiasts around the world.

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Bertram Mackennal

Bertram Mackennal (June 12, 1863 Fitzroy-October 10, 1931 Torquay) was an Australian personality.

Bertram Mackennal was a renowned sculptor who made a name for himself in the United Kingdom. He completed his training at the National Gallery of Victoria Art School in Melbourne before moving to Europe to hone his skills further. In 1893, he settled in London where he would spend the rest of his life. One of his most notable accomplishments was designing the obverse side of the first Australian coinage, which featured a profile of King Edward VII. Mackennal's work can be found all around the world, including in Australia, New Zealand, Canada, and South Africa. He was knighted in 1921 for his contributions to the arts.

Mackennal was widely respected for his figurative sculptures, including those of historical figures and allegorical representations of concepts like justice and freedom. Some of his notable works include the statue of Edward VII in London and the equestrian statue of King Edward VII in his native Melbourne. He also created a number of war memorials, some of which are located in Australia and the UK.

In addition to his sculptural work, Mackennal also dabbled in painting and was part of the Newlyn School of artists in Cornwall. He was known to have worked closely with other artists of his time, including fellow Australians Arthur Streeton and Tom Roberts.

Mackennal's impact on the world of art can still be felt today, with his sculptures and designs remaining popular around the globe. Many of his pieces have been acquired by art institutions and private collectors, and his legacy continues to inspire future generations of artists.

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Boy Charlton

Boy Charlton (August 12, 1907 Crows Nest-December 10, 1975 Sydney) was an Australian swimmer.

He is widely regarded as one of Australia's greatest swimmers and sporting legends. Charlton won multiple Olympic and Commonwealth Games medals in the 1920s and 1930s. He set numerous world records in freestyle swimming over various distances.

Charlton was born into a family of six children and grew up on the family farm in the Australian state of New South Wales. He started swimming in his local creek and later joined the Manly Swimming Club. Charlton's swimming career took off in 1924 when he won his first national title.

At the 1924 Paris Olympics, Charlton won gold medals in the 1500-meter freestyle and the 4×200-meter freestyle relay. He set a new world record in the 1500-meter freestyle, which stood for over ten years. Charlton also won three gold medals at the 1926 Commonwealth Games in Canada.

Charlton retired from competitive swimming in 1930 but made a comeback in 1932 to compete at the Los Angeles Olympics. He won a silver medal in the 1500-meter freestyle and a bronze in the 400-meter freestyle. After retiring for good, Charlton became a successful businessman and went on to serve as the President of the New South Wales Swimming Association.

In addition to his remarkable swimming achievements, Boy Charlton was also an accomplished surf lifesaver, winning multiple Australian championships in the sport. He was known for his dedication and rigorous training regimen, often swimming up to three hours a day, six days a week. Charlton was widely admired for his sportsmanship and humble demeanor, and he remained a beloved figure in Australian swimming long after his retirement. The Boy Charlton Pool in Sydney, which opened in 1964, is named in his honor. Charlton was posthumously inducted into the International Swimming Hall of Fame in 1979.

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Murray Robson

Murray Robson (March 7, 1906 Ashfield-August 26, 1974 Rose Bay) was an Australian lawyer and politician.

He was born in Ashfield, a suburb of Sydney, and attended Sydney Grammar School before studying law at the University of Sydney. After completing his studies, Robson worked as a solicitor before being elected to the New South Wales Legislative Assembly in 1941 as the member for Vaucluse.

Robson served in a number of ministerial positions during his time in politics, including as the Minister for Agriculture and the Minister for Mines. He was known for his support of rural industries and was instrumental in the establishment of the St. George's Agricultural College.

In addition to his political career, Robson was also a keen cricketer and served as the president of the New South Wales Cricket Association. He was also a member of the Australian team that toured England in 1934.

Robson retired from politics in 1962 and returned to his legal practice. He died in Rose Bay in 1974, aged 68.

During his political career, Murray Robson was known for his dedication to improving agricultural practices, particularly in rural areas. He was a strong advocate for the development of irrigation systems, and was instrumental in the creation of the Murray Irrigation Scheme. Additionally, Robson worked to improve the state's mining industry, introducing legislation that aimed to protect the health and safety of miners.

Outside of politics, Robson was involved in a number of community and sporting organisations. He was a member of the Australian Club and the Union Club, and was a supporter of the Royal Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals. In addition to his involvement in cricket, Robson was also a keen golfer and served as the president of the Royal Sydney Golf Club.

In recognition of his contributions to law, politics and sport, Murray Robson was awarded a number of honours throughout his career. He was appointed Queen's Counsel in 1951, and was made a Commander of the Order of the British Empire in 1959.

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William Harrison Moore

William Harrison Moore (April 30, 1867-July 1, 1935) was an Australian lawyer.

Moore was born in Melbourne, Australia and attended the University of Melbourne, where he earned a Bachelor of Laws degree. After graduation, he worked as a barrister in Victoria, and later, in New South Wales. He quickly established a reputation as a skilled and formidable lawyer, known for his persuasive arguments and cross-examinations.

In addition to his legal practice, Moore was active in Australian politics, serving as a member of the New South Wales Parliament from 1898 to 1901. He was a member of the Free Trade Party, which advocated for free trade and economic liberalism.

Moore's legal expertise was sought outside of Australia as well. In 1915, he was appointed as an arbitrator in the dispute between Australia and New Zealand over their maritime boundary. His decision, which established the boundary as the 141st meridian east, was widely praised and remains in effect to this day.

Moore died in Sydney in 1935 at the age of 68, leaving behind a legacy as one of Australia's most prominent lawyers and legal minds.

After his stint in politics, Moore resumed his legal practice and became a leading figure in the legal profession in Australia. He was appointed the President of the New South Wales Bar Association in 1911, and later, the President of the Law Council of Australia in 1933. He was also a prolific writer and published many legal articles and books throughout his career, which are still considered to be a valuable resource for legal professionals.

Moore was known for his expertise in maritime law and was widely regarded as one of the foremost authorities on the subject. He was instrumental in the establishment of the Australian Maritime Safety Authority, which is responsible for ensuring the safety and protection of maritime industries in Australia.

In addition to his professional achievements, Moore was also a philanthropist and actively supported various charitable organizations. He was a patron of the Sydney Benevolent Society and donated generously to the Red Cross and other organizations during World War I.

Today, William Harrison Moore is remembered as one of Australia's most prominent legal figures and a pioneer in the field of maritime law. His contributions to Australian politics and jurisprudence continue to be celebrated and his legacy lives on through his many writings and the organizations he helped establish.

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Clive Turnbull

Clive Turnbull (December 22, 1906 Glenorchy-May 25, 1975 Australia) was an Australian journalist.

During his career, Clive Turnbull worked as a writer, broadcaster, and foreign correspondent for various publications, including The Bulletin, The Sydney Morning Herald, and The Herald. He is perhaps best known for his book "The Mountain People", which chronicles his experiences living with a hill tribe in Papua New Guinea. The book was later made into a documentary for the BBC.

Turnbull was also a passionate advocate for social justice and human rights, and his reporting often focused on issues of poverty, inequality, and discrimination. In addition to his journalism work, Turnbull was involved in various political and community organizations, including the Australian Council for Civil Liberties and the Australian Peace Council. He was awarded the Order of the British Empire in 1955 for his contributions to journalism and public service.

Furthermore, Turnbull had a distinguished career in the field of broadcasting. He worked for the Australian Broadcasting Corporation (ABC) and was a regular contributor to their current affairs programs. He was famous for his coverage of the Cold War and the Vietnam War. Turnbull's coverage of the Vietnam War was marked by his opposition to Australia's involvement in the conflict, and he frequently reported on the negative impact of the war on the civilian population. He was also known for his insightful analysis of international politics and received numerous awards for his work. Turnbull's contribution to Australian journalism and broadcasting is widely acknowledged, and he is remembered as one of the most influential journalists of his time.

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William McCormack

William McCormack (April 27, 1879 St Lawrence-November 21, 1947 Annerley) was an Australian politician.

He served as the Premier of Queensland from 1925 to 1929, and again from 1932 to 1942. McCormack was known for his management of the state during the economic depression of the 1930s, implementing significant public works programs and austerity measures, and negotiating with the federal government for greater financial assistance. He was also responsible for the establishment of the University of Queensland in 1937. Prior to his political career, McCormack worked as a solicitor and was actively involved in the labor movement.

McCormack was born in St Lawrence, Queensland, the son of Irish immigrants. He moved to Brisbane to study law and was admitted to the bar in 1903. McCormack became involved in politics in the early 1900s, joining the Labor Party and serving as an alderman on the Brisbane City Council. He was elected to the Queensland Legislative Assembly in 1917 and became the leader of the Labor Party in 1921.

As Premier, McCormack implemented a range of reforms in areas such as health, education, and social welfare. He was also known for his commitment to industrial relations, and helped negotiate a number of key agreements between workers and employers. McCormack's government was re-elected in 1929, but was defeated in 1932 amidst the onset of the Great Depression.

In opposition, McCormack continued to advocate for workers' rights and the interests of the less fortunate. He was re-elected as Premier in 1932, and again in 1935 and 1941. During this time, he oversaw a significant expansion of the state's infrastructure, including the construction of dozens of schools, hospitals, and other public buildings. McCormack's achievements as Premier earned him widespread respect and admiration, and he is remembered as one of Queensland's greatest statesmen.

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John Anderson

John Anderson (November 1, 1893 Stonehouse-July 6, 1962 Sydney) was an Australian philosopher.

Anderson was a significant figure in the rise of analytic philosophy in Australia and an influential teacher and mentor to many notable philosophers. He served as a professor of philosophy at the University of Sydney, where he played a key role in shaping the department into one of the leading centers of philosophical inquiry in the English-speaking world. Anderson's philosophical contributions spanned a range of topics, including metaphysics, epistemology, logic, and ethics. He was also known for his strong advocacy of atheism and his sharp criticism of conventional views on morality and religion. Anderson's work continues to be studied and debated by philosophers today.

In addition to his work in philosophy, Anderson was also a prolific writer and commentator on a wide range of social and political issues. He was an outspoken critic of fascism, communism, and totalitarianism, and a vocal advocate for liberal democracy and individual freedom. Anderson's political views often generated controversy, both inside and outside the academy, but he remained steadfast in his commitment to rational inquiry and open debate. Despite his many achievements, Anderson suffered from chronic health problems throughout his life, and he died at the age of 68 from complications related to tuberculosis. Today, he is widely regarded as one of the most important and influential philosophers in Australian history, and his legacy continues to inspire new generations of scholars and thinkers.

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Gavin Brown

Gavin Brown (February 27, 1942 Lundin Links-December 25, 2010 Adelaide) was an Australian mathematician and professor.

He received his undergraduate degree from the University of Western Australia and his Ph.D. from the University of Edinburgh. After completing his Ph.D., Brown held academic positions at several universities worldwide, including the University of Warwick, the Australian National University, and the University of Virginia. In 2003, he became a professor at the University of Sydney, where he remained until his death in 2010. Brown made significant contributions to the study of geometric topology, including co-discovering the Schoenflies problem in dimension four. He was elected to the Australian Academy of Science in 2001, and he was awarded the Australian Mathematical Society's George Szekeres Medal in 2009.

In addition to his research in topology, Gavin Brown was also known for his contributions to the field of computational algebraic geometry. He developed algorithms for computing persistent homology and for constructing triangulations of algebraic varieties, which are used in many applications, including image processing and data analysis. Brown also co-authored several influential books, including "Topology and Geometry" and "Computational Algebraic Geometry." Outside of academia, Brown was an avid birdwatcher and played the bagpipes. He was survived by his wife and three children. The Gavin Brown Prize, awarded annually by the Australian Mathematical Society for outstanding research in mathematics, is named in his honor.

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Frederick Richard Jordan

Frederick Richard Jordan (October 13, 1881 London-November 4, 1949 Vaucluse) a.k.a. The Hon. Sir Frederick Richard Jordan was an Australian judge and lawyer.

He was appointed as a judge of the Supreme Court of New South Wales in 1925 and served as the Chief Judge in Equity from 1935 until his retirement in 1946. Jordan was knighted in 1935 for his services to the law. He was known for his expertise in equity law and was one of the authors of the Australian Encyclopaedia of Forms and Precedents, a comprehensive legal reference work. In addition to his legal career, Jordan was an active member of the community and was involved with various charitable and philanthropic organizations. He was also a keen yachtsman and served as Commodore of the Royal Sydney Yacht Squadron. Jordan died in 1949 at his home in Vaucluse, Sydney.

During his tenure as a judge, Sir Frederick Richard Jordan presided over several notable cases, including the high-profile divorce case of Dorothy Gladys de Dinklelacker and her husband John de Dinkelacker, a wealthy businessman. Jordan's ruling in the case, which granted custody of the couple's children to de Dinkelacker, was widely criticized at the time for being biased against the mother. Jordan also played a key role in the establishment of the Australian School of Pacific Administration, which provided training for administrators in the Australian territories in the Pacific region. In recognition of his contributions to the legal profession, the Frederick Jordan Chambers in Sydney was named after him. Jordan was married to Mary Eliza Peacock and had four children.

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Warwick Armstrong

Warwick Armstrong (May 22, 1879 Kyneton-July 13, 1947 Darling Point) was an Australian cricketer.

He was known for his all-round skills as a batsman, bowler and fielder. Armstrong played 50 test matches for Australia and captained the team in 10 of them. He is considered one of the greatest Australian cricket players of all time. Armstrong also played Australian rules football for Collingwood Football Club in the Victorian Football League. After retiring from cricket, he became a sports journalist and wrote for several newspapers. In 1933, he was made a Member of the Order of the British Empire (MBE) for his services to cricket.

Armstrong was born in Kyneton, Victoria, Australia to a farming family. He began playing cricket at a young age and quickly developed his skills in the sport. As a teenager, he moved to Melbourne to pursue a career in cricket and Australian rules football. Armstrong made his debut for the Australian cricket team in 1902 and was a key player in the team's success during the early 1900s. His batting average was an impressive 38.68 in test cricket, and he took 87 wickets at an average of 33.94.

Apart from his cricket career, Armstrong was also a talented Australian rules football player. He played as a full-back for Collingwood Football Club from 1902 to 1904 and helped the team win the premiership in 1902.

After retiring from cricket, Armstrong wrote for several newspapers, including The Sun and The Herald. He was known for his insightful commentary and analysis of the game. Armstrong was also a successful businessman and owned several hotels in Sydney.

In 1947, Armstrong passed away in Darling Point, New South Wales, Australia. He was posthumously inducted into the Australian Cricket Hall of Fame in 2000.

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Kerry Packer

Kerry Packer (December 17, 1937 Sydney-December 26, 2005 Sydney) also known as Kerry Francis Bullmore Packer was an Australian businessperson. His children are called James Packer and Gretel Packer.

Kerry Packer was one of Australia's wealthiest individuals and a notable figure in the media industry. He inherited his father's media business, Consolidated Press Holdings Limited, and went on to build an empire that included television stations, newspapers, and magazines. He was also known for his love of gambling and owned several casinos.

Packer was a strong advocate for Australian cricket and was instrumental in the establishment of World Series Cricket, a breakaway competition that changed the game forever. He was also involved in rugby league and owned the Sydney-based rugby league team, the Sydney Bulldogs, for a period.

Throughout his life, Packer was known for his lavish lifestyle and was often in the public eye for his controversial and sometimes confrontational remarks. Despite this, he was also a noted philanthropist, and his foundation continues to support causes such as medical research, education, and the arts.

Kerry Packer was born in Sydney, Australia, to Sir Frank Packer, a media mogul, and his wife Gretel Bullmore, a well-known socialite. Despite being born into wealth and privilege, Packer left school at the age of 16 and began working as a clerk in his father's company. He later went on to study at the University of Sydney but dropped out after a year.

In the 1960s, Packer began to take over his father's media business, Consolidated Press Holdings Limited, which published popular magazines such as The Australian Women's Weekly and The Bulletin. He also expanded into television, launching the Nine Network, one of Australia's most successful television networks.

In addition to his media empire, Packer also owned a number of other businesses, including a coal mining company and a publishing company. He was known for his shrewd business sense and his ability to turn failing businesses around.

Packer was a passionate sports fan and played a key role in revolutionizing the game of cricket. In the 1970s, he created World Series Cricket, a breakaway competition that featured shorter games, colored clothing, and other innovations that made the sport more exciting for fans. Despite initially facing resistance from traditional cricket authorities, the competition was a huge success and helped to modernize the game.

In his personal life, Packer was known for his extravagant lifestyle and his love of gambling. He owned several casinos, including one in Las Vegas, and was often seen at high-stakes poker games. However, he was also a noted philanthropist and donated millions of dollars to charity over the course of his life.

Despite his larger-than-life persona, Packer was a complex figure who struggled with health issues and personal demons throughout his life. He underwent several heart surgeries and struggled with depression. He died in 2005 at the age of 68 from complications related to kidney disease.

He died caused by renal failure.

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Clem Hill

Clem Hill (March 18, 1877 Hindmarsh-September 5, 1945 Parkville) was an Australian personality.

He was a cricketer who played for his country in the early 20th century. Hill was regarded as one of the best batsmen of his time and was known for his solid defense and elegant stroke-play. He made his Test debut in 1896 at the age of 19 and went on to play 49 Test matches for Australia over the course of his career. Hill also captained the Australian team in 10 Test matches. Apart from cricket, Hill was also a talented Australian Rules footballer and played for South Adelaide and Norwood in the South Australian Football League. In later life, he worked as a sports journalist and radio commentator. Hill was inducted into the Australian Cricket Hall of Fame in 2005.

Throughout his career, Clem Hill scored 3,412 runs in Test cricket with an average of 39.21. He recorded 11 centuries and 16 half-centuries, with a high score of 191. Hill was part of the Australian teams that toured England in 1899, 1902, 1905, 1909, and 1912, and he played a pivotal role in helping Australia win the Ashes in 1899, 1902, 1905, and 1909. In addition to his achievements on the field, Hill was also known for his strong-mindedness and his ability to stand up to the English cricket authorities, who at the time were very powerful.

Hill's success in cricket was matched by his proficiency in Australian Rules football. He was known for his speed, agility, and versatility on the field, and he played a total of 115 matches over 11 seasons. In recognition of his sporting achievements, a public park in his hometown of Hindmarsh was named after him.

Following his retirement from competitive sports, Hill worked as a sports journalist for various publications, including The Herald and The Argus. He also provided commentary for radio broadcasts of cricket matches. Hill passed away in 1945, at the age of 68, and was later honored as one of Australia's greatest sportsmen.

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Don Tallon

Don Tallon (February 17, 1916 Bundaberg-September 7, 1984 Bundaberg) was an Australian personality.

He is best known as a former cricketer who played for the Australian national team as a wicket-keeper during the 1940s and 1950s. Tallon played in 21 Test matches and was known for his exceptional skills behind the stumps. He also played for Queensland in domestic cricket and was a part of their team that won the Sheffield Shield in 1947-48. Tallon later became a cricket coach and selector for Australia. Outside of cricket, he worked as a teacher and later as a sports officer at the University of Queensland. Tallon was posthumously inducted into the Australian Cricket Hall of Fame in 2002.

Don Tallon was born in Bundaberg, Queensland and began playing cricket at an early age. His cricketing skills were honed at the Brisbane Grammar School where he was coached by former Australian cricketer, Bill Brown. Tallon made his first-class debut for Queensland in 1936 and soon made a name for himself as an excellent wicket-keeper. He played a crucial role in Queensland's first ever Sheffield Shield-winning team in 1947-48, contributing with both bat and gloves.

Tallon's performance behind the stumps in the Test arena was exceptional, he had quick reflexes and was known for taking some spectacular catches. He played a vital role in Australia's 1948 Ashes victory in England, which is regarded as one of the greatest achievements in Australian cricketing history. After his playing career, Tallon remained involved with cricket as a coach and selector at both national and state levels. He also worked as a physical education teacher and sports officer at the University of Queensland.

Tallon was highly respected in the cricketing fraternity and was known for his sportsmanship and gentlemanly conduct on and off the field. He passed away in 1984 in his hometown of Bundaberg at the age of 68. Tallon's contribution to Australian cricket was recognised with his induction into the Australian Cricket Hall of Fame in 2002.

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