Austrian musicians died at 55

Here are 14 famous musicians from Austria died at 55:

Hugo von Hofmannsthal

Hugo von Hofmannsthal (February 1, 1874 Landstraße-July 15, 1929 Vienna) also known as Hugo Hofmannsthal or Hofmannsthal, Hugo von was an Austrian writer, novelist, librettist, poet and playwright.

He was born to a wealthy family in Vienna and showed an early aptitude for literature and the arts. He studied law and philosophy at the University of Vienna but dropped out to pursue his passion for writing.

Hofmannsthal's works were known for their lyrical and expressive language and covered a wide range of topics, from classical mythology to modern society. He was a leading figure in the Austrian literary scene and one of the founders of the Salzburg Festival.

Hofmannsthal's most famous works include the plays "Elektra," "Jedermann," and "The Cavalier of the Rose," as well as the librettos for several of Richard Strauss's operas, including "Der Rosenkavalier" and "Ariadne auf Naxos."

Despite his success and recognition, he struggled with depression and anxiety throughout his life. He died by suicide in 1929 at the age of 55.

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Otto Rank

Otto Rank (April 22, 1884 Vienna-October 31, 1939 New York City) was an Austrian psychologist and psychoanalyst.

Rank was a disciple of Sigmund Freud and one of the founders of the Viennese school of psychoanalysis. He is best known for his work on the psychology of creativity and the human need for self-expression. He developed a theory of the "birth trauma," which posited that the experience of separation and individuation from the mother's womb was a fundamental psychological trauma that could impact human behavior and development throughout life. He also explored the concept of the "will to power," which described the innate drive of human beings to assert their individuality and autonomy in the face of societal constraints. In addition to his work in psychoanalytic theory, Rank was a prolific writer and artist. He was a close friend of many influential thinkers and artists of his time, including Carl Jung, Rainer Maria Rilke, and Franz Kafka. After emigrating to the United States in 1935, he continued to work as a psychoanalyst until his death from lung cancer in 1939.

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Karl Emil Franzos

Karl Emil Franzos (October 25, 1848 Chortkiv-January 28, 1904 Berlin) was an Austrian writer, novelist and journalist.

Franzos was born in Chortkiv, a town in what is now Ukraine, which was then part of the Austrian Empire. He studied law at the University of Vienna and worked as a journalist for various newspapers, including the Wiener Zeitung and Neue Freie Presse. In addition to his journalistic work, Franzos wrote several novels and short stories.

His most famous novel, "The Jews of Barnow," was published in 1877 and explores the lives of Jews in a small town in Galicia (now part of Poland) during the 19th century. Franzos also wrote about other ethnic groups in the Austro-Hungarian Empire, including the Poles and Ruthenians, and was known for his sympathetic portrayal of marginalized communities.

In 1882, Franzos converted to Protestantism, which led to a break with his Jewish publishers and the Jewish community in general. However, he continued to write about Jewish characters and themes in his work.

Franzos died in Berlin in 1904 at the age of 55. Despite his contributions to Austrian literature, his work fell out of favor during the Nazi era due to his Jewish themes and background. In recent years, there has been renewed interest in Franzos and his literary legacy.

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Rudolf Maria Holzapfel

Rudolf Maria Holzapfel (April 26, 1874 Kraków-February 8, 1930 Muri bei Bern) was an Austrian psychologist and philosopher.

He studied at the University of Vienna, where he received his PhD in psychology. After completing his studies, he worked as a school teacher and later as a lecturer at the University of Vienna. Holzapfel was interested in the idea of Gestalt psychology, which stressed the importance of the organization of perceptual experiences. He also wrote extensively on the philosophy of language and the nature of consciousness. In addition to his academic work, Holzapfel was actively involved in social and political issues. He was a member of the Social Democratic Party and served as a member of the Austrian parliament from 1911 to 1920. His writings on the role of the state in the economy were influential in the development of socialist economic theory. Holzapfel died of a heart attack at the age of 55.

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Carl Nicoladoni

Carl Nicoladoni (April 23, 1847 Vienna-December 4, 1902 Vienna) otherwise known as Dr. Carl Nicoladoni was an Austrian physician and surgeon.

He was a pioneer in the field of orthopedic surgery and is credited with numerous advancements in the medical field. Nicoladoni was the founder of the Vienna School of Orthopedics and was a prominent figure in the development of new surgical techniques. His contributions to medical science include the Nicoladoni-Branham sign which is a diagnostic tool used to detect certain types of nerve damage in the legs. Nicoladoni was also known for his work in the diagnosis and treatment of scoliosis and other spinal conditions. He authored several books and research papers during his career which remain influential in the medical community to this day.

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Ernst Wertheim

Ernst Wertheim (February 21, 1864 Graz-February 15, 1920 Vienna) also known as Dr. Ernst Wertheim was an Austrian physician.

He is known for his contributions in the field of gynecology, particularly for his development of the vaginal radical hysterectomy, a surgical technique for the treatment of cervical cancer. Wertheim's technique revolutionized the way cervical cancer was treated and became the standard of care for many years. He also established the gynecological department at the University of Vienna and was a prominent member of the Austrian medical community. Additionally, Wertheim was a strong advocate for women's health and was involved in feminist movements in Austria. He was also a founding member of the Austrian Society of Gynecology and Obstetrics. Wertheim's contributions to the field of gynecology and women's health continue to impact medical practices today.

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Hedwig von Trapp

Hedwig von Trapp (July 28, 1917 Zell am See-September 14, 1972 Zell am See) also known as Hedwig Maria Adolphine Gobertina von Trapp was an Austrian singer.

She was the fifth child and second daughter of Captain Georg von Trapp and his first wife, Agathe Whitehead von Trapp. Along with her siblings, she was part of the famous von Trapp family singers. Hedwig and her family became famous when their story was adapted into the musical and movie "The Sound of Music".

Hedwig and her sisters toured extensively in the United States and Europe, performing in concert halls, churches, and even for the United States Armed Forces during World War II. She was known for her soprano voice and her ability to sing in multiple languages.

After the family's singing career ended, Hedwig returned to Austria and became a kindergarten teacher. She married and had two children. She passed away in Zell am See, Austria, at the age of 55. Her legacy lives on through the music of the von Trapp family and the enduring popularity of "The Sound of Music".

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Simion Bărnuțiu

Simion Bărnuțiu (July 21, 1808 Bocșa, Sălaj-May 28, 1864 Sânmihaiu Almașului) also known as Simion Barnutiu was an Austrian journalist and philosopher.

He was a prominent figure in the Romanian national awakening movement of the 19th century and a key participant in the Transylvanian Memorandum, a document that advocated for the rights of Transylvania's Romanians. Bărnuțiu was also a passionate advocate for democracy and human rights, and believed in the power of education to transform society. He played a significant role in the establishment of the Romanian Academy in 1866, and is considered to be one of the most important Romanian thinkers of the 19th century.

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Nachman Krochmal

Nachman Krochmal (February 17, 1785 Brody-July 31, 1840 Ternopil) was an Austrian philosopher and rabbi.

He was born into a Jewish family in Brody, a city in the former Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. As a child, Krochmal showed exceptional aptitude for Talmudic studies, and he began his rabbinic studies at a young age.

Krochmal eventually became a rabbi, and then later a lecturer of Talmudic studies at a yeshiva in Lemberg, which is now Lviv in Ukraine. However, he also developed a strong interest in philosophy, particularly in German idealism, and sought to reconcile these two areas of study in his works.

He became well-known for his philosophical ideas, especially his belief that Judaism was not just a religion but also a culture and a way of life. Krochmal also emphasized the importance of Jewish history and tradition, and believed that Jews had a unique role to play in the world.

Krochmal's best-known work is "Guide for the Perplexed of Our Time," which was published posthumously. In this work, he sought to reconcile traditional Jewish beliefs with modern philosophy, arguing that the two were not mutually exclusive.

Krochmal's contributions to Jewish philosophy helped pave the way for other Jewish thinkers in the 19th and 20th centuries. Today, he is remembered as an important figure in Jewish intellectual history.

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Hugo Meisl

Hugo Meisl (November 16, 1881 Malešov-February 17, 1937 Vienna) was an Austrian personality.

He is widely recognized as one of the most influential figures in the development of Austrian football. As a coach and team manager, Meisl led the Austrian national team to unprecedented success in the 1930s, including wins at the Central European International Cup and the infamous "Wunderteam" that finished fourth in the 1934 FIFA World Cup.

Meisl was also a key figure in the development of international football, serving as a member of the FIFA Technical Committee and helping establish the FIFA World Cup as a premier international football tournament. In addition to his work in football, Meisl was a respected journalist and author, writing extensively about the sport and contributing to the development of football tactics and strategy.

Meisl's legacy continues to inspire football enthusiasts around the world, and he is remembered as one of the pioneers of modern football coaching and management.

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Franz Schreker

Franz Schreker (March 23, 1878 Monaco-March 21, 1934 Berlin) a.k.a. Schreker, Franz was an Austrian opera composer, conductor and composer.

His most recognized albums: Der ferne Klang (RIAS Kammerchor und Rundfunkchor Berlin & Radio-Symphonie-Orchester Berlin feat. conductor: Gerd Albrecht), , , Lieder (feat. baritone: Andreas Schmidt, soprano: Noëmi Nadelmann, piano: Adrian Baianu), , and . Genres he performed include Opera.

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Archduke Anton Victor of Austria

Archduke Anton Victor of Austria (August 31, 1779 Florence-April 2, 1835 Vienna) was an Austrian personality.

He was a son of Leopold II, Holy Roman Emperor and his wife Maria Louisa of Spain. As a member of the House of Habsburg, he was entitled to the title of Archduke of Austria. Anton Victor was a military leader and served in numerous campaigns throughout his career, including during the French Revolution and the Napoleonic Wars.

In addition to his military career, Anton Victor was also an important patron of the arts, supporting many artists and musicians throughout his lifetime. He was passionate about music and played the violin himself. Anton Victor was also known for his philanthropy, working to improve the lives of the poor and disadvantaged in Vienna.

Anton Victor never married and had no children, but he remained close to his family throughout his life. His brother, Francis II, succeeded their father as Holy Roman Emperor and later became the first Emperor of Austria. Anton Victor died in Vienna in 1835 and was buried in the Imperial Crypt there.

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Carl Heissler

Carl Heissler (January 18, 1823-November 13, 1878) also known as Karl Heissler was an Austrian violinist and violist.

He was born in Vienna, Austria and began his musical training at an early age. He studied under renowned violinist Joseph Böhm and later became a pupil of Felix Mendelssohn at the Leipzig Conservatory. Heissler was known for his virtuosic performances and was highly regarded as a soloist and chamber musician. He also played in the Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra and was a professor of violin and viola at the Vienna Conservatory. Heissler composed several works for violin and viola, as well as chamber music pieces. He died in Vienna at the age of 55.

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Constantin von Economo

Constantin von Economo (August 21, 1876 Brăila-October 21, 1931 Vienna) was an Austrian personality.

He was a renowned neurologist and psychiatrist, best known for his discovery of the encephalitis lethargica disease. He studied medicine at the University of Vienna and served in World War I as a doctor. After the war, he returned to Vienna where he worked as a professor and continued his research on the nervous system. Among his many contributions to the field, he also helped establish the Austrian Society for Psychiatry and Neurology. His work on the encephalitis lethargica disease ultimately led to the discovery of dopamine as a neurotransmitter, and his legacy continues to influence neuroscience and modern medicine to this day.

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