Here are 15 famous musicians from Austria died at 63:
Karl König (September 25, 1902 Vienna-March 27, 1966 Überlingen) also known as Karl Konig, Dr. Karl König or Karl König was an Austrian physician and pediatrician.
He is best known as the founder of the Camphill Movement, a worldwide organization that provides therapeutic and community-based care for people with disabilities. König was inspired by the teachings of Rudolf Steiner, the founder of anthroposophy, and incorporated these principles into his work with children and adults with special needs. He fled Austria during World War II and settled in Scotland, where he established the first Camphill Community in 1940. König's emphasis on holistic care, artistic expression and social integration continues to influence therapeutic communities around the world.
In addition to his work with the Camphill Movement, König also made significant contributions to the field of medicine. He was a noted pediatrician and wrote several works on the subject, including "The Child with Special Needs" and "The Child with Convulsions: A Guide for Parents and Teachers." König also worked as a physician during World War II, providing medical care to Russian prisoners of war held in Austria.
König's legacy continues to be celebrated by the Camphill Movement, which has grown to include over 100 communities in over 20 countries. These communities provide a range of services, from residential care for people with disabilities to educational programs and cultural events. In recognition of his pioneering work, König was awarded an OBE (Order of the British Empire) in 1965, one year before his death.
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Paula von Preradović (October 12, 1887 Vienna-May 25, 1951) also known as Paula von Preradovic was an Austrian writer.
She was born in Vienna to a Croatian father and Austrian mother. As a child, she spent summers in Croatia and became fluent in Croatian. Preradović pursued a career in writing and publishing, and her work was influenced by her experiences with both Austrian and Croatian culture. She gained recognition for her poetry, particularly her patriotic poems celebrating Austria and its military. During World War II, she moved to Croatia and became a supporter of the fascist Ustaše regime. However, she later distanced herself from the Ustaše movement and returned to Austria after the end of the war. Today, she is remembered for her contributions to Austrian literature, and her work is still read and studied in both Austria and Croatia.
Preradović was also the author of several novels, including "Himmelsvolk" and "Im Banne des Balkan", as well as children's books and plays. She was the first woman to be elected to the Austrian Academy of Sciences in 1949. Her poetry was set to music by several composers, including Franz Schmidt and Hugo Wolf. In addition to her writing, Preradović was an active member of the Austrian and Croatian cultural communities, and she worked tirelessly to promote cultural exchange and understanding between the two nations. Despite her controversial political views, she remains an important figure in the history of Austrian literature, particularly in the field of poetry.
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Ferdinand Ritter von Hebra (September 7, 1816 Brno-August 5, 1880 Vienna) also known as Dr. Ferdinand Ritter von Hebra or Ferdinand Hebra was an Austrian physician.
He is considered a pioneering figure in the field of dermatology for his work in the diagnosis and treatment of skin diseases. He is best known for his description of pemphigus; a group of autoimmune diseases that cause blistering of the skin and mucous membranes. He also founded the Vienna School of Dermatology which became a renowned center for the study of dermatology in Europe. Von Hebra was a skilled clinician and a gifted teacher, who was highly regarded by his colleagues and students alike. His contributions to the field of dermatology have had a lasting impact on the diagnosis and treatment of skin diseases.
Von Hebra was born in Brno, which was then part of the Austrian Empire. He studied medicine at the University of Vienna, where he received his medical degree in 1838. After completing his studies, he worked as a physician in Vienna and gained a reputation as an expert in skin diseases.
In addition to his work in dermatology, von Hebra also made significant contributions to the field of ophthalmology. He was among the first physicians to use an ophthalmoscope to examine the retina, which allowed for a more accurate diagnosis of eye diseases.
Von Hebra was a prolific author and published numerous articles and books on dermatology and ophthalmology throughout his career. His most famous work is the Atlas of Skin Diseases, which was published in multiple volumes and contained detailed descriptions and illustrations of various skin disorders.
Von Hebra's legacy lives on through his many contributions to medicine. He is considered one of the founders of modern dermatology and his influence can be seen in the many dermatological treatments and procedures used today.
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Josef Thorak (February 7, 1889 Salzburg-February 26, 1952) was an Austrian sculptor.
He is mainly known for his monumental sculptures which were created during the period of the Third Reich. Thorak was a prominent figure of the Nazi art scene and was one of the favorite sculptors of Adolf Hitler. Under Hitler's patronage, Thorak created several large-scale sculptures that celebrated Nazi ideals of heroism, power, and strength. Some of his most famous works include the "Comradeship" statue that was erected in Berlin's New Reich Chancellery, and the "Wehrmacht" statue on the Kroll Opera House in Berlin. Following World War II, Thorak was charged with de-Nazification and spent some time in Allied custody. Many of his works were destroyed, while some were smuggled out of Germany and are now in private collections or museums.
During his early years, Thorak trained with sculptors in Austria and Germany. He moved to Munich in 1910, where he perfected his craft and became a successful artist. In the 1920s, he was commissioned to create several public sculptures and monuments, including the "Hermann von Wissmann" monument in Chiemsee.
Thorak was a fierce advocate for the idea of "Grossplastik" - large-scale sculptures that celebrated the Nazi ideology of Aryan superiority, strength, and heroism. He believed that these sculptures had immense power to shape the public imagination and inspire loyalty and devotion to the Nazi cause.
During World War II, Thorak was given a lot of work by the Nazi government. In addition to creating monumental sculptures, he also designed medals and other honors for the German military. He was known for his sculptural representation of Nazi ideology and his works became some of the most recognizable symbols of the Third Reich.
Following the war, Thorak was arrested and faced trial for his association with the Nazi regime. He was initially sentenced to 25 years in prison but was released in 1951 after serving only five years. Thorak died shortly after his release from prison due to complications from a stroke. Today, his works are a subject of controversy and debate, with some arguing that they should be destroyed and others arguing that they are important historical artifacts that should be preserved.
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Géza von Bolváry (December 26, 1897 Budapest-August 10, 1961 Neubeuern) a.k.a. G. de Bolvary, Geza von Bolvary, Géza Maria von Bolvary, Geza v. Bolvary, Géza Bolváry, Bolvary-Zahn, Géza von Bolvary-Zahn, Bolváry Géza, Géza v. Bolvary-Zahn or Géza Maria von Bolváry-Zahn was an Austrian screenwriter, film director and actor.
Géza von Bolváry began his career in theater, first in Vienna and then in Berlin, where he became a successful film director during the Weimar Republic era. He directed some of Germany's most popular films of the 1920s and 1930s, including the classic musical comedy, "The Csardas Princess" (1934). In 1933, he left Germany due to the rise of the Nazi regime and settled in Vienna, where he continued to work in film. He directed his last film, "Der Page vom Dalmasse-Hotel," in 1958. Beyond his directing work, he was also a prolific screenwriter and appeared in a handful of films as an actor.
During his career, Géza von Bolváry directed over 50 films and worked with many of the top actors and actresses of his time, including Marlene Dietrich, Hans Albers, and Hedy Lamarr. In addition to film, he also worked in radio as a writer and director, and wrote several plays. He was married to the actress Käthe von Nagy from 1921 to 1928 and later to Maria Eis from 1939 to his death in 1961. Despite being forced to flee Germany, he remained highly respected in the film industry and received numerous accolades, including the Honorary Diploma at the 1949 Cannes Film Festival. He is considered one of the most successful and influential film directors of the Weimar Republic era.
He died caused by myocardial infarction.
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Eugen Böhm von Bawerk (February 12, 1851 Brno-August 27, 1914 Vienna) a.k.a. Eugen von Bohm-Bawerk, Eugen Böhm-Bawerk, Eugen von Boehm-Bawerk or Eugen von Böhm-Bawerk was an Austrian economist.
He is best known for his work on the theory of capital and interest rates, in which he argued that the interest rate is determined by the interplay of supply and demand in the market for loans. Böhm-Bawerk was a prominent member of the Austrian School of economics, which emphasized the importance of free markets and individual liberty in economic affairs. In addition to his academic work, he served as a member of the Austrian parliament and as Minister of Finance in the early 1900s. His contributions to the field of economics were influential in shaping the development of modern economics, particularly in the areas of price theory and capital theory.
Böhm-Bawerk was born in Brno, in what is now the Czech Republic, to a prominent family. He graduated from the University of Vienna with a law degree in 1872, but his interests soon turned to economics. He became a disciple of Carl Menger, the founder of the Austrian School of economics, and played a key role in spreading Menger's ideas.
One of Böhm-Bawerk's most significant contributions to economics was his three-volume work, "Capital and Interest," which was published between 1884 and 1899. In this work, he developed the concept of time preference, which refers to the fact that people generally prefer to have goods now rather than in the future. He argued that this preference for present goods over future goods is what gives rise to the interest rate. This idea helped to distinguish the Austrian School from classical economics, which saw interest rates as being determined by the productivity of capital.
Böhm-Bawerk's work on capital theory also helped to lay the foundation for the Austrian theory of the business cycle. He argued that the injection of credit into the economy by banks could result in an artificial boom, but that this would eventually lead to a bust as resources became misallocated. This view was later developed by other Austrian economists, such as Ludwig von Mises and Friedrich Hayek.
In addition to his academic work, Böhm-Bawerk was involved in politics. He served as a member of the Austrian parliament from 1895 to 1904, and as Minister of Finance from 1900 to 1904. He was also instrumental in the founding of the Austrian School's leading institution, the Austrian Institute for Economic Research (WIFO), which was established in 1926.
Böhm-Bawerk died in 1914, just as World War I was beginning. Despite his relatively short life, his contributions to economics continue to influence the field to this day.
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Rudolf Hilferding (August 10, 1877 Vienna-February 11, 1941 Paris) also known as Dr. Rudolf Hilferding was an Austrian politician, economist and physician.
He is best known for his influential work "Finance Capital" (1910), which identified the growing power and influence of finance capital in industrial economies. Hilferding was also a member of the Social Democratic Party of Germany and served as a member of the Reichstag from 1924 to 1928. He was forced to flee Germany in 1933 due to his Jewish background and socialist political beliefs, and spent the rest of his life in exile in France, where he continued to write and advocate for socialism. Hilferding died by suicide in 1941, after being arrested by the Vichy government and facing deportation to Nazi-occupied Germany. His work on finance capital and Marxist theory continues to be influential in economic and political thought today.
In addition to "Finance Capital," Hilferding also wrote several other influential works, including "Theorie des Geldes," which examined the role of money in capitalist economies, and "Das Finanzkapital," which built on the ideas presented in "Finance Capital" and further explored the relationship between finance capital and imperialism.
Hilferding was also a prominent member of the German Communist Party during his early political career, but later joined the Social Democratic Party of Germany, where he became a leading figure in the party's left-wing. He advocated for a more radical, socialist agenda within the party, and was instrumental in shaping the SPD's economic policies during the 1920s.
Despite facing persecution and exile, Hilferding continued to write and publish works on Marxist theory and economic policy. He was a strong advocate for international socialism and argued against sectarianism and dogmatism within the socialist movement.
Today, Hilferding's work remains relevant and continues to be studied by economists and political scientists. His contributions to Marxist theory, particularly his analysis of the role of finance capital in capitalist economies, have had a lasting impact on socialist thought and economic policy.
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Max Wertheimer (April 15, 1880 Prague-October 12, 1943 New Rochelle) was an Austrian psychologist.
He is best known for his contributions to the development of Gestalt psychology, a psychological theory that emphasizes the study of whole entities rather than individual parts. Wertheimer's work helped to challenge the prevailing views of psychology at the time, which focused heavily on the study of individual elements of behavior and experience.
Wertheimer was also a prolific writer, publishing numerous papers and books throughout his career. Some of his most well-known works include "Productive Thinking," "Laws of Organization in Perceptual Forms," and "Untersuchungen zur Lehre von der Gestalt."
In addition to his academic contributions, Wertheimer was also an active participant in the intellectual and cultural scene of his time. He was involved in various artistic and literary circles, and he counted many notable figures among his friends and acquaintances, including the philosopher Martin Heidegger and the author Franz Kafka.
Despite his numerous achievements, Wertheimer faced significant challenges throughout his life. He was forced to flee Nazi Germany in 1933 and spent much of his later years living in exile in the United States. He passed away in New Rochelle, New York, in 1943 at the age of 63.
During his lifetime, Wertheimer made significant contributions to psychology and influenced many other thinkers and researchers in the field. His work on perceptual organization laid the foundation for later studies in fields such as cognitive psychology, neuroscience, and artificial intelligence.Wertheimer's work was also influential in the development of the modern educational system. His ideas on whole learning and productive thinking helped to shape the modern educational system, which emphasizes the importance of active learning and critical thinking skills. Wertheimer's theories also had a significant impact on the field of organizational psychology.Wertheimer's legacy continues to influence psychology and related fields today. His innovative ideas on the nature of perception and thought have helped to shape our understanding of the human mind and have opened up new avenues for exploration and research.
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Otto Neurath (December 10, 1882 Vienna-December 22, 1945 Oxford) also known as Otto Karl Wilhelm Neurath was an Austrian philosopher and statistical graphics.
He introduced the Vienna Circle of logical empiricism, which was a group of philosophers, scientists, and mathematicians who shared the same interest in the study of empirical knowledge. Neurath's ideas on the philosophy of science and his contributions to the field of epistemology were significant. Additionally, he is famous for his work on statistical graphics and visualizing data using his isotype method. Neurath was also an active member of social and political movements, and he believed that philosophy had the potential to help solve real-world problems. He fled Austria during World War II and eventually settled in Oxford, where he remained until his death.
Throughout his academic career, Neurath was a professor of economics, sociology, and philosophy at several universities, including the University of Vienna and the University of London. Neurath was a prolific writer, and his works were translated into many languages. Some of his most famous contributions to the field of philosophy include his concepts of physicalism and protocol sentences. Neurath believed that physicalism was the key to understanding the world, and he argued that all phenomena could be explained in terms of physical properties. He also believed that protocol sentences could be used to describe observations in a scientific experiment, allowing scientists to more accurately record and understand their results.
Neurath's work on statistical graphics and isotype was groundbreaking. He believed that data could be visualized in a way that was accessible to people who were not trained in statistics or mathematics. His isotype method used icons to represent data, making it easier to understand complex information. Neurath worked on many projects that used his isotype method, including a visual encyclopedia and an exhibition on the history of science.
In addition to his academic work, Neurath was involved in various social and political movements. He was a member of the Austrian Social Democratic Party and was active in the socialist movement in Vienna. After fleeing Austria during World War II, Neurath became involved in anti-fascist activities in England.
Neurath's legacy is significant. He was a pioneer in the fields of philosophy and statistical graphics, and his ideas continue to influence these disciplines today. Moreover, his commitment to using philosophy and science to address social and political problems is still relevant in the contemporary world.
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Egon Ranshofen-Wertheimer (September 4, 1894 Austria-December 27, 1957 New York City) was an Austrian journalist, political scientist and diplomat.
He was born to a Jewish family in Vienna, Austria and studied law and political science at the University of Vienna before serving in World War I as an officer. After the war, he worked as a journalist and became a leading foreign policy expert in Austria.
In 1938, following the Nazi annexation of Austria, Ranshofen-Wertheimer fled to London and then the United States, where he continued to write about politics and international relations. He became a naturalized citizen of the United States in 1944 and taught at several universities, including Columbia and New York University.
In addition to his teaching and writing, Ranshofen-Wertheimer was involved in various diplomatic efforts, including serving as an advisor to the U.S. government during World War II and representing Austria and other countries in international organizations such as the United Nations.
He died in New York City at the age of 63.
During his time in the United States, Egon Ranshofen-Wertheimer worked as an editor for the influential magazine Foreign Affairs and served as a consultant to multiple government agencies, including the State Department and the Office of Strategic Services. He also authored several books on international relations, including "The Hinge of Fate: Reflections on the Second World War", which was published in 1946.
Ranshofen-Wertheimer was known for his expertise in international law and his advocacy for liberal democracy. He was a member of various organizations, including the Council on Foreign Relations and the American Academy of Political and Social Science. His contributions and insights into international affairs continue to shape the field of international relations today.
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John Banner (January 28, 1910 Vienna-January 28, 1973 Vienna) also known as Johann Banner was an Austrian actor.
John Banner was best known for his role as Sergeant Schultz on the television series "Hogan's Heroes" which aired from 1965-1971. Prior to his success on the show, Banner had a successful career in both German and Austrian films. He appeared in over 50 films throughout his career. Despite his success, Banner's Jewish heritage forced him to flee Austria when Hitler took power. He eventually settled in the United States, where he continued his acting career. In addition to his work on "Hogan's Heroes," Banner had guest roles on popular TV shows such as "The Beverly Hillbillies" and "The Lucy Show."
Banner was born to Jewish parents in Vienna in 1910. He began his acting career on the stage in Austria and Germany before moving on to film. One of his most notable roles in German cinema was in the film "Münchhausen" in 1943. During World War II, Banner was captured by American forces and spent time in a prisoner of war camp. After the war ended, he was eventually able to settle in the United States and resume his acting career.
Aside from his acting work, Banner was also a talented artist and created many paintings and sculptures throughout his life. He was fluent in multiple languages, including German, English, and French.
Despite being most well-known for his comedic role on "Hogan's Heroes," Banner was actually a serious method actor and often played dramatic and villainous roles in European films. He was married twice and had three children.
Banner's legacy as Sergeant Schultz on "Hogan's Heroes" endured long after the show ended, thanks to syndication and the fondness of generations of viewers. Today, he is remembered both for his iconic role and for his impressive body of work in film and theater.
He died caused by bleeding.
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Ignaz Glaser (May 5, 1853-August 11, 1916) was an Austrian personality.
He was a businessman, philanthropist, and communal leader in Vienna. Glaser served as the President of the Vienna Jewish Community from 1905 until his death in 1916. During his tenure, he was instrumental in the establishment of Jewish social institutions and charities, including a hospital and a home for the elderly. Glaser was also active in politics and was elected to the Austrian Parliament in 1907. He supported the assimilation of Jews into Austrian culture and advocated for their full participation in society. Glaser was highly respected by both the Jewish and non-Jewish communities in Vienna and his death was widely mourned.
Additionally, Ignaz Glaser was recognized for his work in promoting cultural and educational programs for the Jewish community. He was a strong supporter of Jewish schools and worked to ensure that they received proper funding and support. Glaser was also involved in various international Jewish organizations, including the Jewish Colonization Association and the Jewish National Fund. Despite facing discrimination and persecution as a Jew in Austria, Glaser remained committed to fighting for the rights and well-being of his community. His legacy continues to inspire and influence the Jewish community in Vienna and beyond.
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Helmut Seibt (June 25, 1929 Vienna-July 21, 1992) also known as Hellmut Seibt was an Austrian personality.
He was best known for his work as a television presenter, radio host, actor, and singer. Seibt started his career as an actor in the 1950s, appearing in various films and theatrical productions. He then transitioned to hosting television shows, including the popular game show "Was Bin Ich?" ("What Am I?") which aired from 1959 to 1964.
Seibt also had a successful singing career, releasing several albums and singles throughout the 1960s and 1970s. He even represented Austria in the Eurovision Song Contest in 1957, performing the song "Wohin, kleines Pony?" ("Where to, Little Pony?").
Throughout his career, Seibt was known for his charming personality and quick wit, making him a beloved figure in Austrian entertainment. He continued to work in the industry until the time of his death in 1992 at the age of 63.
In addition to his accomplishments in the entertainment industry, Helmut Seibt was also recognized as a skilled musician, playing the accordion and the piano. He was a member of the Vienna Boys' Choir during his youth and later studied at the Vienna Academy of Music and Performing Arts. Seibt was also known for his philanthropic work, supporting various charitable causes throughout his life. He was married twice, and had two children. Today, he is remembered as a pioneering and influential figure in Austrian entertainment history.
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Charlotte Wolter (March 1, 1834 Cologne-June 14, 1897 Hietzing) was an Austrian actor.
She was born as Charlotte Pick in Cologne and began her acting career at a young age. In 1855, she married her first husband, the actor and director Gustav Franz von Wolter. They worked together in various theaters in Austria and Germany, including the Burgtheater in Vienna. After her husband's death in 1878, Charlotte Wolter continued to perform and also took on directorial roles. She was known for her versatile acting abilities, playing both tragic and comedic roles with ease. She was highly respected in the theater community and was also involved in charity work. She died in Hietzing, a suburb of Vienna, at the age of 63.
In addition to her work in the theater, Charlotte Wolter was also a talented writer and poet. She published several works under the pseudonym "C. Luenen" and was known for her lyrical prose and thoughtful insights on life and society. She was a supporter of women's rights and advocated for greater opportunities for women in the arts. Throughout her long career, Charlotte Wolter remained dedicated to her craft and continued to inspire others with her passion and talent. Her legacy lives on through her many contributions to the world of theater and literature.
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Edwin Müller (December 2, 1898-October 4, 1962 New York City) was an Austrian personality.
He was a chemist and a pioneer in the field of hair and cosmetic science. He developed and patented a method for permanent hair waving, which revolutionized the hairdressing industry. His technique, known as the "cold wave," replaced the previously used hot curling irons and made it possible to create a variety of new hairstyles.
In addition to his work in hairdressing, Müller also made significant contributions to the field of cosmetic science. He founded the company Mülhens, which later became 4711, and developed fragrances such as "4711 Original Eau de Cologne," which became one of the best-known perfumes worldwide.
Müller's pioneering work in the beauty industry brought him international recognition, and he received numerous awards for his contributions. After his death in 1962, his company continued to grow, and his inventions and techniques are still used in the beauty industry today.
Müller was born in Vienna, Austria, and studied chemistry at the University of Vienna. After completing his studies, he worked for several companies in the cosmetic and hairdressing industry. In 1927, he immigrated to the United States, where he continued his research and development in hairdressing and cosmetic science. In the early years of his career, he worked as a chemist for the New York-based hairdressing company Nestle-Le Mur. Later, he founded his own laboratory, where he continued to experiment and create innovative hair products.
In addition to his work in the hair and cosmetic industry, Müller was also a philanthropist and supporter of the arts. He established the Edwin Müller Foundation, which provided scholarships to young artists in the United States and Europe. He was also a patron of the New York Philharmonic and supported other cultural institutions.
Müller's legacy continues to this day, with his techniques and inventions still being used in the beauty industry. The company he founded, 4711, is still in operation and produces a wide range of fragrances and other cosmetic products. He is remembered as a pioneer and innovator in the beauty industry and as a generous philanthropist and patron of the arts.
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