Austrian musicians died at 68

Here are 19 famous musicians from Austria died at 68:

Berthold Viertel

Berthold Viertel (June 28, 1885 Vienna-September 24, 1953 Vienna) was an Austrian film director and screenwriter. He had three children, Hans Viertel, Thomas Viertel and Peter Viertel.

Viertel began his career in the theatre, working as a director and actor in Vienna and Berlin. In the 1920s, he moved to Hollywood and began working in the film industry. He directed several films in the 1930s and 1940s, including the 1932 film "The Cabinet of Dr. Caligari" and the 1940 film "The Thief of Bagdad." Viertel also worked as a screenwriter, and was nominated for an Academy Award for his work on the 1943 film "Five Graves to Cairo." In addition to his work in film, Viertel was also a published author and wrote several plays and novels throughout his career.

Viertel was known for his collaborations with some of the most prominent artists of his time, including Bertolt Brecht, Kurt Weill, and Marlene Dietrich. He directed and co-wrote the film adaptation of Brecht and Weill's groundbreaking musical "The Threepenny Opera" in 1931. Later, he directed Marlene Dietrich in the films "The Song of Songs" and "The Devil Is a Woman" in the 1930s. Viertel also worked with Orson Welles as producer on the 1948 film "Macbeth."

After returning to Europe in the 1940s, Viertel continued to work in film and theatre. He founded his own theatre company called the Viennese Theatre of the Arts in 1951. Viertel died two years later in Vienna at the age of 68.

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Fritz Wotruba

Fritz Wotruba (April 23, 1907 Vienna-August 28, 1975 Vienna) was an Austrian personality.

He was an artist and sculptor, known for his distinctive style that blended the traditional form of sculpture with the modernist movement. Wotruba was a self-taught artist, and his work often featured variations of geometric shapes and abstract figures. He also worked as a professor at the Academy of Fine Arts in Vienna, where he influenced a generation of sculptors with his teachings. He created a number of public works throughout Austria, including the Wotruba Church in Vienna and the Monument of the Republic in Graz. Today, his work is considered a significant contribution to modern art, and he is widely regarded as one of the pioneers of the Austrian modernist movement.

In addition to his sculptural works, Fritz Wotruba was also known for his drawings and prints. He initially gained recognition in the 1930s for his sculptures of human figures, which were characterized by their rough, coarse surfaces and powerful, angular forms. However, after World War II, he began to experiment with a more abstract style, emphasizing simplified forms and geometric shapes. This evolution in his work reflected his interest in the expressive potential of mathematical and geometric principles.

In addition to his artistic output, Wotruba was also deeply involved in art education. He served as a professor at the Academy of Fine Arts in Vienna for over two decades, and was known for his rigorous and demanding approach. His teaching emphasized the importance of observation, and encouraged students to apply mathematical and geometric principles to their work.

Despite his undeniable influence on the Austrian art world, Wotruba was a relatively private figure, and little is known about his personal life. He died in Vienna in 1975, leaving behind a legacy of innovative and influential art.

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Franz Schalk

Franz Schalk (May 27, 1863 Vienna-September 3, 1931) was an Austrian conductor.

He was the son of the composer and conductor Hans Schalk, and studied at the Vienna Conservatory. Franz Schalk made his conducting debut in Graz in 1884, and went on to hold positions at several major music institutions in Europe, including the Prague State Opera, the Vienna Court Opera, and the New York Philharmonic. He was known for his interpretations of the music of Richard Wagner and Gustav Mahler, and conducted premieres of several of Mahler's symphonies. Schalk was also a prolific composer, although his works are not widely known today. He passed away in Baden bei Wien in 1931.

During his tenure at the Vienna Court Opera, Franz Schalk became one of the leading conductors of his time. He was known for his attention to detail and his ability to extract the best from his performers. He was also recognized for his efforts to modernize the orchestra, bringing in new instruments and techniques to enhance the sound. Schalk's contributions to the New York Philharmonic were also significant. During his time there, he worked to expand the repertoire of the orchestra and attracted large audiences with his innovative programming. In addition to his work as a conductor, Franz Schalk was an acclaimed music educator, serving on the faculty of the Vienna Conservatory for many years. Despite his achievements, Schalk's reputation suffered after his death due to his connections with the Nazi Party. He was a member of the party and appointed by the Nazis to head the Vienna State Opera during World War II, a fact that has overshadowed his contributions to the world of music.

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Adolf von Liebenberg

Adolf von Liebenberg (September 15, 1851-May 6, 1920) was an Austrian scientist.

He was born in Vienna, Austria and went on to study at the University of Vienna where he earned his doctorate in chemistry. After completing his studies, Liebenberg dedicated his career to advancing the field of chemistry and conducting revolutionary experiments in the laboratory.

One of Liebenberg's most notable achievements was his creation of the Lieben's iodine solution, which is still used in laboratories today to test for unsaturated compounds. He also made significant contributions to the fields of organic chemistry and electrochemistry.

Liebenberg was a prolific author, publishing many papers on his research throughout his career. He was recognized for his work with numerous awards, including the Order of the Iron Crown and the Lieben Prize for outstanding achievement in chemistry.

In addition to his work as a scientist, Liebenberg was also an avid traveler, visiting countries throughout Europe, Asia, and the Americas. He passed away in Vienna in 1920 at the age of 68, but his legacy as a pioneering chemist and researcher lives on.

Liebenberg was not only a brilliant scientist, but also a respected professor of chemistry. He was appointed as a full professor at the University of Vienna in 1886 and later went on to become the director of the university's Institute of Chemistry. Many of his students went on to become successful chemists themselves and continued to build on his important contributions to the field of chemistry beyond his lifetime.

Aside from his scientific achievements, Liebenberg was also known for his philanthropy. He supported a number of charitable causes and donated a significant portion of his wealth to organizations working to improve the lives of those in need. His generosity and commitment to improving society left a lasting impact on Vienna and beyond.

In honor of his many contributions, the city of Vienna named a street after him in the 23rd district of Vienna. Today, researchers and chemists around the world continue to study and build on Liebenberg's important work, ensuring that his legacy lives on for generations to come.

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Kurt Kren

Kurt Kren (September 20, 1929 Vienna-June 23, 1998 Vienna) was an Austrian film director, cinematographer, film producer, actor and film editor.

He is best known for being one of the major figures of the Austrian avant-garde film movement in the 1960s and 1970s. His experimental and often non-linear films were influenced by the structuralist film movement and explored the possibilities of the film medium.

Kren began his career as a filmmaker in the late 1950s, and quickly became involved in the Vienna Actionist movement, a controversial artistic and performance movement that sought to challenge societal norms and conventions. Kren's films often featured members of the Actionist group, and were known for their controversial and provocative content.

In addition to his work as a filmmaker, Kren was also a prominent figure in the Austrian film industry, working as a cinematographer and film editor on numerous feature films. He was also a respected film teacher, and taught at the University of Applied Arts Vienna from 1977 until his death in 1998.

Today, Kren is considered one of the most important figures in the history of Austrian experimental film, and his work continues to be celebrated and studied by film scholars and enthusiasts around the world.

Kurt Kren was born on September 20, 1929, in Vienna, Austria. He studied at the Graphische Lehr- und Versuchsanstalt in Vienna and later worked as a photographer and graphic designer. In the late 1950s, Kren began making experimental films and quickly became involved in the avant-garde film scene, collaborating with other artists and filmmakers.

Kren's early films were characterized by their use of abstraction and non-narrative structures, influenced by the work of artists such as Piet Mondrian and Kazimir Malevich. He was also interested in exploring the technical aspects of filmmaking, experimenting with different camera angles, speeds, and exposures to create unique visual effects.

During the 1960s, Kren became involved with the Vienna Actionist group, a radical artistic and performance movement that sought to shock and challenge societal norms. Kren's films of this period often featured members of the Actionist group, and were known for their graphic and controversial content.

Despite the controversy surrounding his work, Kren continued to develop and refine his filmmaking techniques throughout the 1970s and 1980s. He experimented with different formats and genres, including documentary, animation, and found footage, and continued to push the boundaries of what was possible with film.

In addition to his work as a filmmaker, Kren was a mentor and teacher to many aspiring filmmakers in Austria. He taught at the University of Applied Arts Vienna from 1977 until his death in 1998, inspiring a new generation of experimental filmmakers.

Today, Kurt Kren is celebrated as one of the most important and influential figures in the history of Austrian avant-garde film. His innovative and daring approach to filmmaking continues to inspire generations of filmmakers around the world.

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Egon Hilbert

Egon Hilbert (May 19, 1899 Vienna-January 18, 1968 Vienna) was an Austrian personality.

He was most notably a mathematician known for his work in the field of functional analysis, particularly for his contributions to Hilbert space theory. He also made significant contributions to other areas of mathematics such as number theory, geometry and physics. Throughout his career, Hilbert received numerous awards and honors for his contributions to mathematics and science, including the prestigious Sylvester Medal in 1934. Despite facing persecution by the Nazi regime in Germany in the 1930s, Hilbert continued to teach and make advances in mathematics until his death in 1968.

Hilbert's impact on mathematics is widely recognized, with many referring to him as one of the most influential mathematicians of the 20th century. His work in functional analysis formed the foundation for many mathematical concepts and continues to be studied and applied in research today. In addition to his research, Hilbert was also a dedicated teacher, inspiring and guiding many students throughout his career. He served as a professor at a number of universities throughout Europe, including the University of Göttingen and the University of Munich. Hilbert's work also extended beyond the field of mathematics, as he made contributions to theoretical physics and was involved in debates on the foundations of mathematics. His impact on the field of mathematics has been recognized by numerous institutions, with many universities and mathematical societies establishing scholarships and awards in his honor.

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Ernst Grünfeld

Ernst Grünfeld (November 21, 1893 Vienna-April 3, 1962 Vienna) also known as Ernst Grunfeld was an Austrian writer.

He was born into a wealthy Jewish family in Vienna and studied law at the University of Vienna, receiving his Doctorate of Law in 1917. However, instead of pursuing a career in law, Grünfeld began writing and published several novels, plays, and non-fiction works, including "The Curse of the House of Habsburg" and "The Timetable of History."

Grünfeld was also a chess player and commentator, and was known for his analysis of chess games. He represented Austria in several international tournaments and played against some of the greatest chess players of his time, including José Capablanca and Emanuel Lasker.

In 1938, Grünfeld fled Austria due to the Nazi takeover and settled in the United States. He continued to write and gave lectures on Austrian history and culture. He returned to Vienna in 1957, and continued to write until his death in 1962.

Grünfeld was not only a writer and a chess player, but he was also a polyglot who was fluent in several languages, including German, English, French, Italian, and Spanish. Furthermore, he was a close friend of Sigmund Freud and published numerous works on psychology, including "Freud and His Time" and "The Soul of the Age." Grünfeld's literary works often explored historical themes, including the rise and fall of empires, and he was known for his insightful and critical analysis of the Habsburg dynasty. In addition, Grünfeld was a keen observer of the sociopolitical developments of his time and often highlighted the dangers of nationalism and authoritarianism in his writings. Despite living in exile for almost two decades, Grünfeld remained deeply connected to his Viennese roots and continued to write about the city's rich cultural heritage throughout his life.

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Karl Sesta

Karl Sesta (March 18, 1906 Simmering-July 12, 1974 Hainburg an der Donau) was an Austrian personality.

He was a renowned professional football player and later became a successful football coach. Sesta played for several Austrian football clubs including First Vienna FC and SC Wacker Wien. He also played for the Austrian national football team in the 1934 FIFA World Cup tournament. After retiring from playing football, Sesta transitioned into coaching and managed several clubs including FK Austria Wien, FC La Chaux-de-Fonds, and Servette FC Geneva. Additionally, he coached the Austrian national football team in the 1954 FIFA World Cup tournament. Sesta is considered one of the most influential figures in Austrian football history.

During his playing and coaching career, Karl Sesta earned several accolades and achievements. In 1933, he played a crucial role in helping First Vienna FC win the Austrian Football Championship. He also captained the Austrian national team during the 1934 World Cup tournament. As a coach, he led Austria Wien to the Austrian Football Championship title in 1953 and also guided Servette FC to the Swiss Football Championship in 1961. Sesta was known for his tactical knowledge and innovative training methods that helped his teams achieve success. He also trained several legendary footballers including Ernst Ocwirk, Gerhard Hanappi, and Walter Schachner. In recognition of his contribution to Austrian football, Sesta was inducted into the Austrian Football Hall of Fame in 2012.

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Rudolf Kompfner

Rudolf Kompfner (May 16, 1909 Vienna-December 3, 1977 Stanford) was an Austrian scientist, electrical engineer, engineer, physicist and architect.

He is best known for his work on microwave technology and his invention of the traveling-wave tube (TWT), which revolutionized long-distance communication and made satellite communication possible.

Kompfner studied electrical engineering at the Vienna University of Technology and earned his Ph.D. from the University of Cambridge in 1935. During World War II, he contributed to the development of radar technology in the UK. After the war, he worked at Bell Labs in the USA, where he made significant contributions to the development of microwave technology.

In addition to his work on TWT, Kompfner also developed the electronic phase shifter, which is essential for the operation of phased array radar and other microwave systems. He authored numerous scientific papers and several books on microwave technology, and was awarded many honors for his contributions to the field.

Outside of science, Kompfner had a keen interest in architecture and designed several buildings, including his own house in Portola Valley, California.

In 1959, Kompfner became a professor of electrical engineering at Stanford University, where he continued to research and teach until his death in 1977. He was also a member of the National Academy of Sciences and a Fellow of the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE). In 1965, he received the IEEE Medal of Honor for his pioneering work on the TWT, and in 1975 he was awarded the National Medal of Science by President Gerald Ford. In his later years, Kompfner became an advocate for nuclear disarmament, and lent his voice to the scientific community's efforts to reduce the threat of nuclear war. His legacy in the field of microwave technology continues to impact modern communication and space exploration.

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Heinz Kohut

Heinz Kohut (May 3, 1913 Vienna-October 8, 1981 Chicago) was an Austrian psychoanalyst and psychiatrist.

He is best known for his creation of self psychology, a school of thought within the larger field of psychoanalysis. Kohut believed that interpersonal relationships are key to understanding the human psyche and that the need for empathy and acceptance from others were crucial components of healthy psychological development. He wrote extensively on the psychology of the self, and his ideas influenced the larger field of psychoanalysis. In addition to his academic work, Kohut was also known for his humanitarian efforts, and he was involved in numerous advocacy groups focused on the needs of underserved and marginalized communities throughout his life.

Kohut was born into a Jewish family in Vienna, Austria, and spent his early years there. He received his medical degree from the University of Vienna in 1938, but soon after, he and his family were forced to flee the country due to the Nazi invasion. They emigrated to the United States, where Kohut began his career as a psychiatrist and psychoanalyst.

Kohut's work in developing self psychology had a significant impact on the field of psychoanalysis, particularly in the United States. His theories emphasized the importance of empathy and understanding in therapeutic relationships, and his focus on the self as a central organizing principle in human psychology set him apart from other psychoanalytic schools of thought. In addition to his academic contributions, Kohut was also widely respected for his clinical work, and he was known for his ability to connect with patients on a deep level.

Throughout his career, Kohut was committed to social justice and advocacy. He was active in several organizations that focused on issues such as civil rights, mental health reform, and the rights of refugees and immigrants. He was also a vocal critic of the Vietnam War and wrote extensively about the psychological toll of war and violence.

Kohut passed away in 1981, but his legacy continues to shape the practice of psychoanalytic therapy today. His emphasis on empathy, acceptance, and the importance of the therapeutic relationship has become a fundamental part of many contemporary approaches to psychotherapy.

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Edgar G. Ulmer

Edgar G. Ulmer (September 17, 1904 Olomouc-September 30, 1972 Woodland Hills) a.k.a. Edgar Ulmer, John Warner, Ove H. Sehested, Edgar Georg Ulmer, Edgar George Ulmer or Edward George Ulmer was an Austrian film director, film producer, screenwriter, writer, film art director and production designer. He had two children, Arianné Ulmer Cipes and Carola Krempler.

Ulmer started his career as an assistant director in film production in Berlin, Germany. He directed his first film, Menschen am Sonntag, in 1930 which was co-directed with other notable directors including Billy Wilder and Fred Zinnemann. He later moved to Hollywood where he worked on both big-budget and low-budget films. Ulmer is best known for his work on film noir and horror films such as Detour (1945) and The Black Cat (1934). Despite his contributions to cinema, Ulmer was often relegated to working on B-movies due to his reputation for being difficult to work with and his independent streak. Despite this, his work has since been recognized as having a distinct visual style and unique perspective.

During his time in Hollywood, Ulmer struggled to secure funding for his projects due to his reputation as a difficult and temperamental director. He often worked with low budgets and limited resources, which forced him to be creative with his film techniques. Despite these limitations, he was able to create visually stunning films that captured the attention of audiences and critics alike.

In addition to his work in film, Ulmer also wrote several books on film theory and techniques, including The Director's Notebook and The Art of Film-making. He was a vocal supporter of independent filmmakers and believed that filmmakers should be allowed creative freedom to create unique and innovative films.

Today, Ulmer is regarded as a pioneering figure in the development of film noir and horror genres. His works have influenced many contemporary filmmakers, and his artistic legacy continues to be celebrated by film enthusiasts around the world.

He died as a result of stroke.

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Wilhelm Jerusalem

Wilhelm Jerusalem (October 11, 1854-July 15, 1923 Vienna) was an Austrian philosopher.

He is known for his work on philosophy of religion and ethics. Jerusalem was a professor of philosophy at the University of Vienna and wrote several books on religion, including "Die Religionsphilosophie des Judentums im 20. Jahrhundert" ("The Philosophy of Religion of Judaism in the 20th Century") and "Grundlegung der Allgemeinen Ethik" ("Foundations of General Ethics"). He was also an advocate of Zionism and believed in the establishment of a Jewish state in Palestine. Jerusalem's contributions to philosophy were marked by his emphasis on the importance of religious belief in shaping human behavior and morality. He passed away in 1923 at the age of 68.

In addition to his work on philosophy, Wilhelm Jerusalem was an active member of the Jewish community in Vienna. He served as the president of the Jewish community from 1901 to 1903 and was a member of the Austrian Zionist Organization. In 1913, he founded the Association of Jewish Scientists and Scholars, which aimed to promote the interests of Jewish academics in the Austro-Hungarian Empire. Jerusalem's philosophical works were highly influential in the early 20th century, particularly in the field of religious studies. His ideas on the relationship between religion and ethics continue to be studied and debated to this day, and he is widely regarded as one of the most important Jewish philosophers of the modern era.

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Sigismund, Archduke of Austria

Sigismund, Archduke of Austria (October 26, 1427 Innsbruck-March 4, 1496) was an Austrian personality.

Sigismund was a member of the House of Habsburg and was the son of Archduke Frederick IV of Austria and Countess Anna of Tyrol. He served as the Duke of Tyrol from 1446 to 1490 and was also the regent of Austria from 1485 to 1490. Sigismund was known for his military campaigns and contributed to the expansion of the Habsburg territories in central Europe. He was also a proponent of the arts and sciences, particularly astronomy, and founded the University of Innsbruck in 1669. Sigismund was married three times and had twenty-two children. His grandson would go on to become Holy Roman Emperor Charles V.

During Sigismund's years as Duke of Tyrol, he worked on establishing a centralized government and implementing economic and social reforms. He also played a role in the political negotiations that led to the Treaty of Vienna in 1463, which secured Habsburg control over several territories in Austria and Croatia. Sigismund was known to be skilled in diplomacy and was respected by both his allies and opponents.

In addition to his military and political achievements, Sigismund was a patron of the arts and supported the work of artists and scholars. He was particularly interested in astronomy and established an observatory at his palace in Innsbruck. Sigismund also founded the Tyrolean State Museum in 1563, which is now one of the oldest museums in the world.

Sigismund's legacy lives on through his descendants, who went on to become some of the most powerful rulers in European history. His grandson, Charles V, inherited a vast empire and ruled over Spain, Germany, the Netherlands, and parts of Italy and the Americas. Sigismund is remembered as a skilled statesman, a military leader, and a supporter of the arts and sciences.

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Anton Schindler

Anton Schindler (June 13, 1795-January 16, 1864 Bockenheim) was an Austrian conductor, author, biographer and violinist.

He is best known for his controversial biography of Ludwig van Beethoven, which is also considered one of the most important and detailed sources of information about the composer's life. Schindler was a close friend and personal assistant to Beethoven, and his book includes numerous anecdotes and personal observations about the composer, as well as a detailed account of his work and creative process. However, many of Schindler's claims in the biography have been challenged and criticized by later scholars, and his reliability as a source has been called into question. Regardless, Schindler's work remains a valuable contribution to the study of Beethoven's life and music, and his legacy as a conductor and musician is also significant. He conducted a number of premieres of Beethoven's works, and was a respected member of the Viennese music community during his lifetime.

In addition to his controversial biography of Beethoven, Anton Schindler was also an accomplished violinist and conductor. He studied music in Vienna and Salzburg, and later became a member of the Vienna Court Opera Orchestra, where he worked as a violinist and occasionally as a conductor. He was known for his interpretations of Beethoven's music, and was among the first conductors to champion the composer's later works, which were initially misunderstood and poorly received by many critics and audiences.

Along with his musical career, Schindler also pursued interests in literature and journalism. He wrote articles and reviews for various Viennese newspapers, and was known for his eloquent and sometimes controversial opinions about music and culture. Later in life, he became involved in politics and was active in the liberal movement in Austria, advocating for reforms and greater civil rights.

Despite the controversies surrounding his biography of Beethoven, Schindler remained an influential figure in the cultural and intellectual circles of Vienna. He was admired for his dedication to music and his contributions to the study of Beethoven's life and works, and his legacy has continued to inspire generations of musicians, writers, and scholars.

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Johann Houschka

Johann Houschka (October 21, 1914-May 27, 1983) was an Austrian personality.

Born in Vienna, Houschka was a polymath who excelled in several fields. He was a writer, philosopher, painter, photographer, and jazz musician. He studied philosophy and art history before serving in World War II as a soldier in the German army. After the war, he became a prolific writer, penning over 30 books on philosophy, art, and culture.

Houschka was also an accomplished painter, who exhibited his work in galleries across Europe. His art was renowned for his use of vibrant colors and abstract forms. Houschka was also a skilled photographer, known for capturing the beauty of the Austrian landscape.

In addition to his artistic talents, Houschka was an accomplished jazz musician. He played the clarinet and saxophone and performed in clubs throughout Europe. His love for jazz also influenced his writing, and he often wrote about the relationship between jazz and philosophy.

Despite his varied interests, Houschka remained deeply rooted in his Austrian heritage. He was an advocate for Austrian independence and a critic of the country's alignment with Germany during World War II. Houschka died in Graz, Austria, in 1983, leaving behind a legacy as a versatile and creative thinker whose work continues to inspire artists and philosophers to this day.

Houschka's philosophical ideas were heavily influenced by existentialism and phenomenology. He believed that individuals had the power to shape their own destiny and that life's meaning and purpose were subjective and unique to each person. His ideas on art were similarly influenced by his philosophical beliefs - he saw art as a means of expressing individual experience and emotion. Houschka's legacy as a philosopher and writer lived on after his death, with several of his books being translated into English and gaining widespread recognition.

Houschka was also a dedicated family man, and his wife and children remained a constant source of support throughout his life. Despite his many accomplishments, he remained humble and grounded, and always maintained his love for Austria and its culture. Today, he is remembered as a true polymath and a creative genius who inspired many with his passion and dedication to his craft.

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Leopold Wohlrab

Leopold Wohlrab (March 22, 1912-January 5, 1981) was an Austrian personality.

He was a renowned architect and designer, best known for his innovative designs and contributions to modern architecture. Wohlrab studied at the Vienna University of Technology and later worked for various architectural firms before establishing his own practice in 1947. Throughout his career, he designed numerous buildings and structures in Austria, including residential complexes, office buildings, and educational institutions. He was also involved in numerous international projects and competitions, where his work received critical acclaim. In addition to his architectural work, Wohlrab was also a talented painter and sculptor, exhibiting his artwork in various galleries and exhibitions around the world. His legacy continues to inspire generations of architects and designers to this day.

One of Leopold Wohlrab's most notable projects was the design of the Vienna International Center, a complex of buildings that serves as the headquarters for the United Nations Office at Vienna. Wohlrab won the competition to design the complex in 1966 and worked on the project for several years. The completed complex features several modernist buildings, including the striking C-Building, which is known for its dynamic form and innovative use of materials.

Wohlrab was also passionate about education and served as a professor of architecture at the Vienna University of Technology for many years. He was a beloved teacher and mentor to many students, and his innovative approach to design helped to shape the next generation of architects.

In addition to his work in architecture and design, Wohlrab was also interested in environmentalism and the conservation of historic buildings. He was a member of several organizations dedicated to these causes and worked tirelessly to promote sustainable design and preservation of cultural heritage.

Despite his many achievements, Wohlrab remained humble and always put the needs of his clients and the community first. He believed that architecture should serve the greater good and worked tirelessly to create buildings that were both functional and beautiful. His legacy continues to inspire architects and designers around the world to this day.

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Hellmut Diwald

Hellmut Diwald (August 13, 1924 Šatov-May 26, 1993 Würzburg) was an Austrian personality.

He was a historian and author, best known for his work on German history. Diwald grew up in Austria and served in the German Wehrmacht during World War II. After the war, he studied history at the University of Vienna and later at the University of Munich. He worked as a teacher, but eventually became a full-time writer and historian. He published many books on German history, and some of his works were controversial due to their nationalist and conservative views. Despite this, he remained a popular author and speaker throughout his life, and his work is still read and studied today.

Diwald is perhaps best known for his two-volume work "Geschichte der Deutschen", which covers German history from prehistoric times to the present day. He was also known for his critical views of the post-war German political establishment, which he believed had failed to address the needs of ordinary people. In addition to his writing, Diwald was a frequent guest on television and radio, where he discussed issues related to German history and politics. He was also active in politics, serving as a member of the Bavarian State Parliament from 1966 to 1974 as a member of the Christian Social Union. Despite his controversial views, he was widely respected for his scholarship and his commitment to promoting a deeper understanding of German history among the general public.

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Count Claude Florimond de Mercy

Count Claude Florimond de Mercy (April 5, 1666 Lorraine-June 29, 1734 Parma) was an Austrian personality.

De Mercy was a military officer who served during the War of the Spanish Succession and the Austro-Turkish War. He was also a diplomat who held various positions in the court of the Holy Roman Empire. He was appointed as the Imperial Ambassador to France in 1724 and later served as the Imperial Governor of Milan from 1727 to 1733. De Mercy is notable for his role in negotiating the Treaty of Vienna in 1731, which helped end the War of the Polish Succession. He was also a patron of the arts and sciences, and he supported several cultural institutions, including the University of Vienna and the Austrian Academy of Sciences.

De Mercy was born in Lorraine, which at the time was an autonomous duchy under French control. He began his military career as a page for Prince Eugene of Savoy and quickly rose through the ranks. He became a colonel in 1702 and participated in several battles during the War of the Spanish Succession. In 1711, he was appointed as the Imperial Envoy to the Ottoman Empire, and he spent several years negotiating treaties and alliances with the Ottoman government.

In addition to his military and diplomatic career, De Mercy was also a noted scholar and intellect. He was fluent in several languages, including French, German, Italian, and Turkish, and he was known for his keen understanding of history and politics. He wrote several books on military tactics and strategy, as well as works on philosophy, economics, and theology.

De Mercy retired from public life in 1733 and moved to Parma, where he spent his remaining years as a patron of the arts and sciences. He died in 1734 and was buried in the Church of Santa Maria della Steccata in Parma. Today, he is remembered for his contributions to the fields of diplomacy, military science, and culture, and for his role in helping to shape the political landscape of 18th-century Europe.

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Eduard Roschmann

Eduard Roschmann (November 25, 1908 Graz-August 8, 1977 Asunción) was an Austrian personality.

However, he is best known for being a high-ranking SS officer during World War II and for his role in the murder of thousands of Jews in the Riga ghetto. Following the war, he managed to evade justice and led a peaceful life in South America under a false identity until his death. Roschmann's elusive nature and ability to escape justice for his war crimes have made him a subject of fascination and intense scrutiny among historians and Nazi hunters.

Before World War II, Eduard Roschmann had joined the Austrian Nazi Party and in 1938, following the German Anschluss, he became a member of the SS. In 1941, he was appointed commander of the Riga ghetto in Latvia where he oversaw the deportation of thousands of Jews to concentration camps and was directly responsible for the deaths of at least 30,000 Jews. After the war ended, Roschmann fled Europe and made his way to Argentina where he lived under the name "Federico Wegener". He was able to avoid extradition due to the support of sympathetic local authorities and the assistance of former SS colleagues. In 1963, he was finally discovered by Nazi hunters, including famed Simon Wiesenthal, and faced extradition proceedings. However, he managed to flee to Paraguay where he died in 1977. Despite his death, Roschmann's crimes and evasion of justice continue to be examined and studied by historians and war crimes investigators.

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