Here are 4 famous musicians from Bangladesh died at 72:
Zakir Husain (November 2, 1898 Chittagong-May 24, 1971 Chittagong) was a Bangladeshi politician.
He is a prominent figure in the Bangladesh Liberation War and served as the Acting President of Bangladesh in 1971 before being taken captive and killed by the Pakistani military. Husain was a skilled orator and journalist who played an instrumental role in the Indian independence movement as a member of the Indian National Congress. After the partition of India, he became involved in East Pakistan politics and was a key member of the Awami League. Husain championed the rights of the Bengali people and advocated for greater autonomy for East Pakistan within the Pakistani federation. His commitment to the cause of Bengali nationalism ultimately cost him his life, but his contributions to the struggle for the creation of Bangladesh continue to be remembered and honored today.
Zakir Husain was born in Chittagong (now in Bangladesh) in 1898 to a prominent Muslim family. He completed his education in Calcutta and became actively involved in politics during the Indian independence movement. Husain was a close associate of Mahatma Gandhi and Jawaharlal Nehru and played a leading role in organizing civil disobedience campaigns against British rule.
After the partition of India in 1947, Husain moved to East Pakistan and continued his political activism. He joined the Awami League and became a vocal advocate for greater autonomy for East Pakistan. He was elected to the National Assembly of Pakistan in 1954 and served as the Governor of East Pakistan from 1956 to 1957.
Husain's support for Bengali nationalism grew stronger in the 1960s, as he became increasingly disillusioned with the West Pakistani-dominated government. He played a key role in the Six Point Movement, which demanded greater autonomy for East Pakistan and eventually led to the creation of Bangladesh.
In 1971, when Pakistan launched a brutal crackdown on East Pakistan, Husain was chosen as Acting President of Bangladesh by Sheikh Mujibur Rahman, who was then in prison. However, he was soon arrested by the Pakistani military and taken to a detention center in Chittagong. He died in custody on May 24, 1971, under mysterious circumstances.
Zakir Husain is remembered as a fearless advocate for the rights of Bengalis and a symbol of the struggle for Bangladeshi independence. His legacy continues to inspire future generations of Bangladeshis to strive for a just and democratic society.
Husain was also a skilled writer and journalist, having worked as an editor for several newspapers and magazines, including The Comrade and The Moslem Outlook. He used his platform to spread the message of Indian independence and championed the rights of marginalized communities, including women and farmers.
In addition to his political and journalistic career, Husain was a respected academic and scholar. He served as a professor of medieval Indian history and vice chancellor of Aligarh Muslim University. He was a respected authority on the subjects of medieval Indian culture and education and authored several books and scholarly articles on the topics.
Today, Husain's contributions to the struggle for Bangladeshi independence are honored through various institutions, including the Zakir Husain Institute of Islamic Studies at Jamia Millia Islamia University in India, the Zakir Husain College in Delhi, and the Zakir Husain Memorial Museum in Chittagong. His legacy continues to inspire people around the world to fight for freedom and justice.
In addition to his political and academic pursuits, Zakir Husain was deeply committed to social work and philanthropy. He established several organizations to support education, healthcare, and poverty reduction in his native Chittagong and other parts of Bengal. One of his most notable philanthropic endeavors was the establishment of the Zakir Husain Trust, which provided financial assistance to poor students and supported the development of educational institutions across the region. His tireless efforts to uplift the poor and disadvantaged have made him a revered figure among the people of Bangladesh and a symbol of hope for millions around the world. Despite the tragic circumstances of his death, his legacy continues to inspire people to work towards a better future, one filled with justice, equality, and freedom for all.
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Shafaat Jamil (March 1, 1940 Bangladesh-August 11, 2012) otherwise known as Shafat Jamil was a Bangladeshi personality.
He was a renowned economist, researcher, and writer. Jamil received his bachelor's and master's degrees in economics from Dhaka University, and later obtained his PhD from the University of Birmingham in the UK. He was a professor of economics at Dhaka University and Bangladesh Agricultural University, and also served as the chairman of the Bangladesh Economic Association. Jamil's contributions to economics and development in Bangladesh were significant, with extensive research and publications on poverty alleviation, agriculture, and food security. He was a recipient of several awards, including the Ekushey Padak, which is one of Bangladesh's highest civilian honors.
In addition to his scholarly activities, Shafaat Jamil was an advocate for social justice and a champion of the rights of the underprivileged. He was a prolific writer and author of numerous books and articles on topics ranging from agricultural economics to governance and democracy. His work was widely cited and influential, and he was highly respected both in Bangladesh and internationally. He was also involved in various philanthropic activities and served on several boards and committees of non-governmental organizations. Shafaat Jamil passed away on August 11, 2012, leaving behind a legacy of intellectual prowess and social activism that touched the lives of countless people in Bangladesh and beyond.
His book "Agrarian Crisis in Bangladesh: The Failure of Agrarian Reform" which was published in 1986, was a significant contribution to the study of agrarian economy in Bangladesh. Jamil served as the president of the Bangladesh Economic Association from 2002 to 2004 and was involved in the development of economic policies in the country. He held several distinguished positions during his career, including the chief economist of the Planning Commission of Bangladesh. He was also a member of many national and international organizations, such as the United Nations Development Program (UNDP) and the International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI). In addition, he was the founder and chairman of the Center for Development Research, Bangladesh (CDRB), which focused on research and policy advocacy in the areas of rural development, agriculture, and governance. Shafaat Jamil's contributions to Bangladesh's economic and social development have been widely recognized and acclaimed, making him one of the most respected scholars and intellectuals in the country.
During his lifetime, Shafaat Jamil was not only known for his academic prowess and contributions to economic and social development, but also for his dedication to social justice and human rights. He was a vocal advocate for the rights of the marginalized and underprivileged, and his work often focused on exploring ways in which economic policies could be utilized to alleviate poverty and promote equality.
Jamil's impact on Bangladesh's economic and social landscape was significant, and his legacy continues to inspire future generations of scholars and activists. His work has been widely recognized, and he has been honored with numerous awards and accolades, both at home and abroad. Despite his passing, Jamil's contributions to his country and to the field of economics continue to be celebrated, and he remains a towering figure in the annals of Bangladeshi history.
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Humayun Rashid Choudhury (November 11, 1928 Sylhet-July 10, 2001 Dhaka) was a Bangladeshi politician.
He was one of the founding members of the Awami League political party and played a key role in the Bangladesh Liberation War in 1971. Choudhury served as the Speaker of the Jatiya Sangsad (National Parliament) from 1986 to 1990 and was later elected as the Vice President of Bangladesh in 1991. He was known for his role in advocating for democracy, human rights, and the protection of the rights of ethnic minorities in Bangladesh. Choudhury was awarded the prestigious "Friendship Order" by the government of Vietnam for his contributions to the liberation of their country. He passed away in 2001 due to complications from pneumonia.
Prior to his involvement in politics, Humayun Rashid Choudhury worked as a journalist, serving as the editor of the "Daily Sohorom" newspaper. He later became a member of the All Pakistan Awami Muslim League in 1949 and was among the group of leaders who formed the Awami League in 1952. In addition to his political career, he was an accomplished author, writing several books on politics, history, and literature. Choudhury was also a respected lawyer and served as the President of the Bar Council of East Pakistan. He was a strong advocate for the Bengali language and played a key role in the Language Movement of 1952, which established Bengali as an official language of Pakistan.
Humayun Rashid Choudhury was born in Sylhet, in present-day Bangladesh, and his family was known for their contributions to literature and music. He completed his education at the University of Dhaka, where he earned a degree in Law. In 1952, he actively participated in the Language Movement protests, which played a crucial role in establishing Bangla as one of the official languages in Pakistan.
Choudhury was imprisoned for his political activities several times during the 1950s and 1960s. During the Liberation War in 1971, he played a key role in helping to organize the resistance movement against the Pakistani Army. He went into exile during the military rule of General Ziaur Rahman but returned to Bangladesh after the restoration of democracy in the 1990s.
Choudhury's contributions to the Bengali language and literature were significant, and he published several books on politics and history, including "The Emergence of Bangladesh" and "The Emergence of SECULAR BANGLADESH: An Analysis of the Legal Framework." He was also a noted poet and playwright.
In recognition of his contributions to Bangladesh and his advocacy for democracy and human rights, Choudhury was posthumously awarded the "Ekushey Padak," one of the highest civilian honors in Bangladesh, in 2013.
Humayun Rashid Choudhury was born into a family known for their contributions to literature and music, and his father was a well-known poet. He inherited his love for language and literature from his family and became a prolific writer in his own right. Choudhury was also a highly regarded public speaker and was known for his eloquence and persuasive skills.
Throughout his political career, Choudhury maintained a staunch commitment to democracy and the protection of human rights. He was a vocal advocate for the rights of minority groups in Bangladesh, including the indigenous communities, and was a strong proponent of secularism.
Choudhury's legacy continues to inspire generations of Bangladeshis who share his commitment to social justice and democracy. His contributions to Bangladeshi politics, literature, and society will long be remembered as a testament to his unwavering principles and dedication to his country.
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Dulal Guha (April 2, 1928 Barisal-February 15, 2001 Mumbai) was a Bangladeshi film director, film producer, screenwriter and writer.
He started his career in the film industry as an assistant director in the 1940s and went on to become one of the leading directors in the Bengali film industry. He was known for his socially and politically conscious films, which often tackled controversial issues.
Throughout his career, Guha directed over 70 films, many of which received critical acclaim and awards. Some of his notable works include "Bishakto Chokh," "Jibon Theke Neya," and "Teen Kanya." He also wrote several books, including "Jibon Theke Neya," which was based on his famous film of the same name.
Guha was a recipient of many awards, including the National Film Award and the Bangladesh Film Journalists Association Award. He was also a member of the Bangladesh Film Development Corporation and the National Film Development Corporation.
Sadly, Guha passed away in 2001 at the age of 72, leaving behind a legacy of impactful cinema and thoughtful storytelling.
Guha's films were not just commercially successful, but also socially relevant. He was a staunch believer in cinema as a powerful tool for social change, and his films often highlighted the struggles and injustices faced by marginalized communities. Some of his most acclaimed films include "Chandranath," "Sriman Prithviraj," and "Ganga."
Outside of his career in film, Guha was actively involved in social and political activism. He supported the Bengali Language Movement and was a member of the East Pakistan Students' Union. In his later years, he also served as a member of the Bangladesh Nationalist Party.
Guha's contribution to Bengali cinema has been widely acknowledged, and he is considered one of the pioneers of the socially conscious cinema movement in the region. His work continues to inspire young filmmakers and cinephiles alike, and he remains an important figure in the history of Bengali cinema.
Guha's directorial style was unique, as he often depicted human emotions and struggles with a raw, realistic approach. He believed in portraying the complexities of human life on screen and was not afraid to take on controversial topics such as political corruption, poverty, and oppression. Guha's films were not just limited to the Bengali culture, but also dealt with universal themes that resonated with audiences worldwide.
In addition to his work in cinema, Guha was an accomplished writer, having penned several books on topics ranging from cinema to politics. He was well-respected in the literary circles and was known for his insightful and analytical writing style.
Guha's impact on the Bengali film industry was immense, and his films continue to be studied and celebrated by critics and filmmakers alike. He was a trailblazer, who left a lasting impression on the history of Bengali cinema. Even today, his films remain relevant and continue to inspire filmmakers to make socially conscious films that effect change.
Guha was born into a family of artists and intellectuals in Barisal, Bangladesh. His father, Mukunda Lal Guha, was a renowned literary figure, while his mother, Gouri Guha, was a well-known singer. Growing up, Guha was exposed to a wide range of artistic and cultural influences, which shaped his worldview and his approach to filmmaking. After completing his education, he moved to Kolkata, India, to pursue a career in films.
Guha's early years in the film industry were marked by struggle and hardship. He worked as an assistant director, screenwriter, and production assistant, before finally getting his break as a director in the mid-1950s. His first major success came with the film "Chandranath," which was based on a novel by the same name. The film was a critical and commercial success, and helped establish Guha as a director to watch out for.
In the years that followed, Guha went on to make several acclaimed films that tackled a wide range of social issues. His films were known for their gritty realism and their unflinching portrayal of human struggles. Guha was a master of emotional storytelling, and his films often left a deep impact on audiences.
One of Guha's most famous films, "Jibon Theke Neya," was based on the political turmoil that engulfed Bangladesh in the 1970s. The film was a scathing indictment of the ruling elite and their exploitation of the masses. It was also a powerful call to action, urging viewers to stand up against corruption and injustice.
Guha's contribution to Bengali cinema was recognized with several awards and honors. He was a recipient of the prestigious Padma Shri award, and was also awarded the Lifetime Achievement Award by the West Bengal Film Journalists' Association. In addition to his work in films, Guha was also actively involved in social and political activism. He supported several causes, including the struggle for Bengali language rights and the fight against poverty and inequality.
Despite his many successes, Guha remained humble and grounded throughout his life. He was a kind and generous mentor to many young filmmakers, and was always eager to share his knowledge and experience. Guha's legacy lives on in his films, which continue to inspire and challenge audiences to this day.
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