Here are 20 famous musicians from Brazil died at 77:
Gastão Rosenfeld (July 26, 1912-April 5, 1990) also known as Gastao Rosenfeld was a Brazilian scientist.
He obtained his degree in medicine at the University of São Paulo in 1936, and later studied endocrinology in New York City at the New York University School of Medicine. Rosenfeld was a pioneer in the field of tropical endocrinology, studying the prevalence of endocrine disorders in Brazil and other tropical countries. He held a professorship at the University of São Paulo, and was a member of the Brazilian Academy of Sciences. In addition to his work in endocrinology, Rosenfeld was also involved in the development of the first Brazilian nuclear reactor. He passed away in 1990 at the age of 77.
During his career, Gastão Rosenfeld made significant contributions to the understanding of the effects of malnutrition on human endocrinology. He conducted groundbreaking research on the effects of iodine deficiency on thyroid function, and worked to improve the diagnosis and treatment of hypothyroidism in developing countries. Rosenfeld was also a founding member of the Brazilian Society of Endocrinology and Metabolism, and served as its president from 1963-1964. In addition to his scientific work, he was also an advocate for science education and the promotion of scientific research in Brazil. His contributions to endocrinology and nuclear science continue to be recognized and celebrated in Brazil and around the world.
Rosenfeld's achievements in the field of endocrinology were not limited to the scientific community. He was known for his work in public health, particularly in promoting the use of iodized salt to prevent iodine deficiency disorders such as goiter. He was also instrumental in the development of the National Institute of Endocrinology in Brazil, which has become a leading center of research and treatment for endocrine disorders in Latin America.
In addition to his scientific and public health work, Rosenfeld was a passionate advocate for cultural and artistic development in Brazil. He served as the president of the São Paulo State Symphony Orchestra, and was instrumental in the creation of the University of São Paulo Museum of Contemporary Art. Rosenfeld's commitment to scientific and cultural progress continues to inspire future generations of Brazilian scientists, artists, and thinkers.
Gastão Rosenfeld's contributions to the field of endocrinology were internationally recognized, earning him numerous awards and honors throughout his career. He was awarded the World Health Organization's Order of Merit in 1971 in recognition of his work on iodine deficiency disorders, and in 1989 he received the American Endocrine Society's International Award for Excellence in Endocrinology.
In addition to his work in medicine and science, Rosenfeld was also a philanthropist and supporter of the arts in Brazil. He was a founding member of the São Paulo Museum of Art and was involved in the establishment and promotion of several other cultural institutions in his home country.
Rosenfeld's legacy continues to influence the fields of endocrinology and public health, as well as the broader cultural and scientific landscape in Brazil. His life and work serve as a reminder of the importance of scientific and cultural progress, and the ways in which these fields can intersect to shape society and improve human health and wellbeing.
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Rubem Braga (January 12, 1913 Cachoeiro de Itapemirim-December 19, 1990 Rio de Janeiro) was a Brazilian writer and journalist. He had one child, Roberto Braga.
Rubem Braga is considered one of the most important Brazilian chroniclers of the 20th century. He began his career as a journalist in 1930 and achieved great success with his writings, which were characterized by a poetic and nostalgic tone. Braga was also known for his exceptional ability to observe and capture daily life in his chronicles, turning the commonplace into something extraordinary. He was a regular contributor to O Globo and other prominent Brazilian newspapers and magazines, and his work has been translated into multiple languages. Aside from journalism, Braga also wrote poetry, novels, and children's books. He received numerous awards for his contributions to Brazilian literature, including the prestigious Machado de Assis Prize in 1985. Braga passed away at the age of 77 in Rio de Janeiro, but his legacy as a master chronicle writer lives on in Brazil and the world.
In addition to his literary talent, Rubem Braga was also known for his political activism. He was a member of the Communist Party in the early 1940s and was briefly imprisoned for his political views. Braga was also an advocate for environmental conservation and wrote about the impact of human actions on nature. His passion for the preservation of nature is evident in his poetry and chronicles, which often include vivid descriptions of the Brazilian landscape. Braga was a beloved figure in Brazilian society, and his death was mourned by many. In his honor, the Rubem Braga Literary Prize was established in Espírito Santo, Brazil, to recognize outstanding contributions to Brazilian literature. Today, he is remembered as a pioneering figure in Brazilian journalism and literature, whose influential works continue to captivate readers around the world.
Despite his success and popularity as a writer, Rubem Braga remained humble and often described himself as a simple observer of life. He believed that the beauty of his chronicles came not from his own writing, but from the everyday people and events that he wrote about. Braga's ability to find poetry in the mundane and to capture the essence of Brazilian culture earned him a place among the greatest chroniclers of his time.
Braga's personal life was filled with ups and downs. He struggled with alcoholism for many years, but eventually overcame his addiction. In his later years, he suffered from depression and loneliness, living alone in his apartment in Rio de Janeiro. However, he continued to write until the end of his life, producing some of his best work in his later years.
Today, Rubem Braga is regarded as a literary icon in Brazil, and his influence can be seen in the work of countless writers who followed in his footsteps. His legacy as a chronicler and activist continues to inspire readers around the world, and his writings remain a testament to the power of observation and storytelling.
In addition to his literary and political pursuits, Rubem Braga was also an avid traveler. He had a deep interest in discovering different cultures and exploring new places, and his travels provided inspiration for many of his chronicles. Braga's travels took him all over Brazil, as well as to Europe, Africa, and the United States. He often wrote about the people he met and the places he visited, using his observations to reflect on broader themes such as identity, culture, and the human condition. Braga's writing style was characterized by its simplicity and clarity, which allowed his readers to connect with his stories on a personal level. His work is often compared to the American writer E.B. White, who was known for his ability to transform everyday experiences into something profound. Throughout his career, Rubem Braga remained committed to his craft, striving to create works that were honest, authentic, and meaningful. His contributions to Brazilian literature and journalism have had a lasting impact on the literary world, and his legacy continues to inspire new generations of writers and readers alike.
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Ivan Lessa (May 9, 1935-June 8, 2012) was a Brazilian writer.
He was born in Rio de Janeiro and grew up in a family of journalists and writers. He began his career as a journalist and worked for several Brazilian newspapers and magazines, including O Globo and Veja. Later on, he became a television screenwriter and wrote for some of the most successful Brazilian telenovelas of the 1970s and 1980s.
In addition to his work as a journalist and screenwriter, Lessa was a prolific writer of fiction and non-fiction. He published several books, including novels, short-story collections, and memoirs. He was a member of the Brazilian Academy of Letters, one of the most prestigious literary institutions in the country.
Lessa was known for his humorous and irreverent writing style, and his work often tackled social and political issues. He was also an important advocate for cultural and social causes, supporting initiatives to increase literacy and education among underprivileged communities.
Lessa passed away in 2012 at the age of 77, leaving a legacy as one of Brazil's most influential and beloved writers.
In addition to his career in writing, Ivan Lessa was also a prominent public figure in Brazil. He was a regular commentator on Brazilian television and radio, and his wit and sharp criticism made him a popular and controversial figure. He was known for his outspoken views on politics and culture, often challenging established norms and calling for change. Lessa was also an active supporter of Brazil's cultural scene, serving as the director of the Museum of the Portuguese Language in São Paulo and as a board member of the Brazilian National Library. His contributions to Brazilian literature and culture have been widely recognized, and he has received numerous honors and awards throughout his career. Today, Ivan Lessa is remembered as a towering figure of Brazilian letters, a writer who fearlessly explored the complexities of Brazilian society and culture, and a champion of social justice and equality.
In his writing, Lessa also explored themes of identity and belonging, often drawing on his own experiences as a Brazilian of European descent. He was a strong advocate for racial and ethnic diversity and challenged the dominant narrative of Brazilian society as being exclusively white and European. His work helped to pave the way for a new generation of Brazilian writers who sought to explore the country's rich cultural heritage and diversity.Lessa's legacy continues to inspire writers and activists in Brazil and around the world. In recognition of his contributions to Brazilian letters, the Ivan Lessa Foundation was established in his honor, which supports literary and cultural projects throughout the country. His books are still widely read and studied in Brazil, and his influence on Brazilian literature and culture can be seen in the work of many contemporary writers and artists.
Despite his success and popularity, Ivan Lessa continued to live a humble and simple life. He was known for his love of books and music and often spent his free time reading and listening to jazz. He was also an avid supporter of his local football club, Flamengo, and followed their games closely. Lessa's love of literature and culture extended beyond Brazil, and he was a keen traveler who visited many countries throughout his life. He spoke several languages fluently, including English, French, Spanish, and Italian, and was greatly interested in foreign literature and arts. In his later years, Lessa suffered from Parkinson's disease, which forced him to retire from his public life. However, he continued to write and publish until his last days, and his final book, "Lava Jato - The Miracle of the Car Wash," was published posthumously. Ivan Lessa is remembered not only as a great writer but also as a kind and generous human being who inspired others with his words and actions.
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Alfredo Ramos dos Santos (January 1, 1920 Rio de Janeiro-April 5, 1997) was a Brazilian personality.
He was a renowned visual artist who specialized in painting and sculpture. Ramos was known for his unique style of painting that blended elements of traditional Brazilian art with modernist techniques. He made significant contributions to the Brazilian art scene and was considered one of the most influential artists of his time.
Ramos was also a philanthropist and used his art to give back to the community. He established the Alfredo Ramos dos Santos Foundation, which aimed to promote education, culture, and art, especially among underprivileged communities. The foundation continues to operate today, celebrating and preserving Ramos' artistic legacy.
In addition to his artistic and philanthropic work, Ramos was also a sports enthusiast. He was a dedicated supporter of the Fluminense Football Club, one of the biggest football teams in Brazil. His love for sports extended beyond football, and he was also known to be an avid boxing fan.
Despite his success as an artist, Ramos lived a humble life and was known for his kind-hearted and generous nature. His art continues to inspire generations of Brazilian artists, and his contribution to the country's culture and artistic heritage remains immeasurable.
Ramos started his artistic career as a self-taught painter, and in the early 1950s, he began exhibiting his work in Brazil and internationally. His artworks often depicted Brazilian daily life, landscapes, and culture. In the 1960s, Ramos began to experiment with sculpture, using materials such as wood, bronze, and marble to create dynamic and expressive pieces. Alongside his creative pursuits, he was an active member of Brazil's cultural community, co-founding and participating in various artistic and cultural associations.
Ramos received numerous awards and accolades throughout his career, including the Order of Cultural Merit from the Brazilian government, and his works are part of important national and international collections, such as the Museum of Modern Art in Rio de Janeiro and the Vatican Museum in Rome.
Aside from his art and philanthropy, Ramos was also known for his love of travel. He visited several European countries, the United States, and countries in Latin America, drawing inspiration for his art from his experiences and encounters on his trips.
Ramos' legacy continues to influence Brazilian culture, and his artworks remain widely celebrated to this day. In 2015, a street in Rio de Janeiro was named in his honor, recognizing his significant artistic contributions to the city and Brazil.
In addition to his artistic and philanthropic work, Ramos was also a beloved figure in Brazilian society. He was known for his charismatic personality and his ability to connect with people. His friends and associates spoke of his warmth and generosity, and his ability to inspire others with his passion for art and culture. Throughout his life, Ramos remained committed to promoting the arts and giving back to his community, and his legacy continues to inspire the next generation of artists and philanthropists in Brazil and beyond. Despite his passing in 1997, his memory and impact live on through the work of the Alfredo Ramos dos Santos Foundation and the continued celebration of his artistic legacy.
Ramos' impact on Brazilian art was not limited to his own artwork. He was also a respected art teacher, mentor, and curator. He taught at the National School of Fine Arts in Rio de Janeiro, where he influenced the next generation of Brazilian artists with his unique and innovative techniques. He also curated several art exhibitions throughout his career, showcasing the work of emerging talents in addition to his own. Ramos' commitment to using his art to promote education and cultural exchange led him to participate in several international art programs, including exchanges with Japan, France, and the United States. His dedication to promoting Brazilian art and culture on a global level helped elevate the country's artistic reputation and cemented his position as a cultural icon in the country.
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Arthur Friedenreich (July 18, 1892 São Paulo-September 6, 1969 São Paulo) was a Brazilian personality.
Arthur Friedenreich was a legendary footballer, often referred to as "The Tiger," who had an illustrious career in the sport. He is considered one of the best Brazilian football players of all time and is credited with paving the way for the golden age of Brazilian football in the 1950s. Friedenreich played for several clubs throughout his career, including São Paulo Athletic Club, Paulistano, Flamengo, and Santos. He was known for his excellent dribbling skills and goal-scoring ability, having scored around 1,200 goals throughout his career. Off the field, Friedenreich was also known for his philanthropy and activism in the black community, which faced discrimination and racism at the time. Despite facing racism himself, Friedenreich broke down barriers and paved the way for future generations of black athletes in Brazil.
Friedenreich's impressive career spanned over two decades, from 1910 to 1935. He was the first black player to play for the Brazilian national team and led the team to its first international victory in 1919 against Uruguay. However, due to racial discrimination, Friedenreich was not allowed to play in the 1924 Olympics in Paris, where Brazil won the silver medal. Despite this setback, Friedenreich continued to dominate on the field and became a hero to many.
Even after retiring from playing football, Friedenreich remained involved in the sport as a coach and mentor to young players. He was also involved in the establishment of the São Paulo State Football Federation, which oversaw football in the state of São Paulo. Friedenreich's legacy lives on today, as he is considered a pioneer for black players in Brazil and a legend of Brazilian football. He was posthumously inducted into the Brazilian Football Museum Hall of Fame in 2019, over 50 years after his death.
Arthur Friedenreich was born to a German father and a black mother, which made him one of the few biracial athletes at the time. His father discouraged Friedenreich from pursuing football, viewing it as a sport for lower-class individuals. However, his mother supported his passion for the sport and took him to watch matches in his youth. Friedenreich began playing football at his school and joined the São Paulo Athletic Club when he was 14 years old. He eventually became the team's top scorer and went on to play for other clubs, including Paulistano, where he won several titles.
In addition to his football career, Friedenreich worked as a clerk and later as a teacher, as he believed that education was important for young players. He was well-respected by his peers and was known for his modesty and kindness off the field. Friedenreich passed away in 1969 due to a heart attack at the age of 77, leaving behind a legacy that continues to inspire football fans and players alike.
Throughout his career, Arthur Friedenreich faced discrimination and racism for being a biracial athlete. He was not allowed to play in certain clubs and had to endure racist slurs from opposing teams and supporters. However, Friedenreich never let the racism deter him from his passion for football and used his success to inspire future generations of black players in Brazil. He was actively involved in the black community and used his platform to advocate for racial equality and access to education. Friedenreich's commitment to philanthropy led him to donate part of his earnings to charity and to establish a foundation to help impoverished children. His legacy continues to inspire young athletes in Brazil, and his contributions to football and society as a whole have been recognized with numerous honors and awards. In addition to his induction into the Brazilian Football Museum Hall of Fame, a stadium in São Paulo has been named after Friedenreich, the Estádio Arthur Friedenreich.
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Rodolpho Barteczko (November 12, 1910 Brazil-March 13, 1988) was a Brazilian personality.
He was a prominent journalist, writer, and literary critic known for his contributions to Brazilian culture. In the 1930s, Barteczko founded the magazine "Vamos Ler" which aimed to promote a passion for reading and literature in Brazil. He went on to write several books on Brazilian literature and theater, including "A Produção Teatral de Pedro II" and "O Romantismo no Teatro Brasileiro." Barteczko was also a passionate advocate for press freedom and worked as a journalist for various newspapers in Brazil throughout his career. He was a member of the Brazilian Academy of Letters and received numerous awards for his contributions to Brazilian literature and culture.
In addition to his work as a journalist and writer, Rodolpho Barteczko was also involved in politics. He served as the cultural attaché for the Brazilian embassy in Argentina in the 1940s and was a member of the Brazilian Communist Party. However, during Brazil's military dictatorship, Barteczko was arrested and imprisoned for his political beliefs.
Despite facing persecution, Barteczko continued to write and publish works that criticized the oppressive government, including his book "Cadeia: relato de um preso político" which detailed his experiences in prison. His activism and commitment to free speech have made him a revered figure in Brazilian intellectual and literary circles.
After his death in 1988, the Rodolpho Barteczko Literary Prize was established in his honor to recognize outstanding writers in the Paraná region of Brazil. Barteczko's legacy continues to inspire those who value the importance of free expression and the power of literature to create social change.
Throughout his life, Rodolpho Barteczko was a vocal advocate for social justice and equality. He used his platform as a writer and journalist to speak out against oppression and discrimination, particularly against marginalized communities such as Afro-Brazilians and indigenous people. In addition to his writing, Barteczko was also involved in various social movements, including the Brazilian Black Movement and the National Federation of Indigenous Peoples.
Barteczko's dedication to promoting literature and art in Brazil also extended to his work as a cultural ambassador. He traveled extensively throughout the United States and Europe, promoting Brazilian culture and building relationships with artists and writers from around the world.
Despite the challenges he faced under Brazil's military dictatorship, Barteczko remained optimistic about the power of literature and art to effect change. In one of his speeches, he said, "oppression is transient, but literature remains. It is the voice that echoes down the ages, the eternal symbol of human freedom and dignity."
Today, Barteczko is remembered as a visionary artist and thinker who used his talents to inspire and educate generations of Brazilians. His legacy continues to inspire writers and activists around the world, and his work remains a testament to the enduring power of literature as a force for social change.
In addition to his contributions to literature and activism, Rodolpho Barteczko was also a respected professor of Brazilian literature at the Federal University of Paraná. He was known for his engaging teaching style and his ability to inspire students to become passionate about literature and culture. Many of his former students went on to become writers, journalists, and professors themselves, carrying on Barteczko's legacy.Barteczko's impact on Brazilian culture was so significant that his home in Curitiba, Brazil has been turned into a museum to honor his life and legacy. The museum is filled with personal artifacts, photographs, and original manuscripts, providing visitors with a glimpse into the life of this extraordinary Brazilian intellectual. Overall, Rodolpho Barteczko's life and work continue to serve as a shining example of the power of art and literature to change society and make the world a better place for all.
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Cláudio Christovam de Pinho (July 18, 1922 Santos, São Paulo-May 1, 2000) was a Brazilian personality.
He was a renowned poet, journalist, and writer, and one of the founders of the Brazilian Writers' Union. Pinho was also a publisher and editor, having collaborated with major publishers in Brazil throughout his career. Aside from his literary accomplishments, he was also known for his political engagement, particularly during the Brazilian military regime, when he was arrested and imprisoned multiple times. Despite the political turmoil, Pinho was committed to nurturing young writers and providing outlets for their work. His impact on Brazilian literature and culture remains significant to this day.
In addition to his work as a writer and publisher, Cláudio Christovam de Pinho was also a known educator. He served as a professor of literature at several universities in Brazil, including the Federal University of Rio de Janeiro and the University of São Paulo. His dedication to education extended beyond the classroom, as he spent much of his time mentoring young writers and providing guidance to those seeking to enter the literary field.
Pinho also had a deep love for music and was known to write songs and play guitar. He collaborated with several well-known musicians, including Vinicius de Moraes and Tom Jobim, to create music that would showcase the richness of Brazilian culture.
Throughout his career, Pinho received numerous awards and honors for his contributions to Brazilian literature and culture. His work continues to inspire new generations of writers and his legacy lives on as one of Brazil's literary legends.
Pinho's literary work spanned poetry, essays, and fiction, and was heavily influenced by his personal experiences and political views. He often wrote about oppression and social injustice, which made his work popular among those fighting for political change in Brazil. Some of his most well-known works include "Cantares e Lamentações," "A Thebes de Esquilo," and "Guia de Presos e Indiciados."
During his time in prison, Pinho continued to write and even published a book about his experiences titled "Memórias do Cárcere." He used his platform to shed light on the human rights abuses occurring under the military regime and to advocate for the release of political prisoners.
In addition to his literary and educational contributions, Pinho also served as a diplomat for Brazil, representing the country in several international forums. He was a member of the Brazilian Academy of Letters and received the Order of Cultural Merit from the Brazilian government for his contributions to Brazilian culture.
Pinho was known for his strong convictions and passion for social justice, which he expressed through his literary work and political activism. His legacy continues to inspire those fighting for a more just and equitable society in Brazil and beyond.
Pinho's commitment to social justice was evident not only in his writing and political activism but also in his personal life. He was a staunch advocate for the rights of marginalized groups, including Afro-Brazilians and LGBTQ+ individuals. He used his platform to call attention to issues such as police brutality and discrimination, and was known for his fearless critiques of those in power.
Despite the challenges he faced during the military regime, Pinho remained hopeful and committed to creating a better future for Brazil. He believed in the power of literature and education to inspire social change, and his legacy continues to inspire a new generation of writers and activists in Brazil and beyond.
In his later years, Pinho suffered from health issues that limited his ability to write and publish. However, he continued to be an active presence in Brazilian literary and cultural circles, attending events and mentoring young writers whenever possible. He passed away in 2000 at the age of 77, leaving behind a rich legacy of literary and social activism.
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Elisa Lispector (July 24, 1911-January 6, 1989) was a Brazilian personality.
She was a renowned writer and journalist, known for her avant-garde and experimental writing style. Born in Ukraine, Lispector's family fled to Brazil during political turmoil in their home country. She grew up in poverty in a Jewish ghetto in Recife, Brazil, and began writing as a way to escape her difficult circumstances. Her first novel, "Near to the Wild Heart," was published in 1943 to critical acclaim and helped establish her as one of the leading writers of Brazilian modernism. Lispector went on to write numerous novels, short stories, and articles, often addressing themes of identity, feminism, and existentialism. She is considered one of the most important writers of the 20th century in Brazil and has been translated into multiple languages.
Lispector's writing has been praised for its introspective, poetic, and philosophical nature, often exploring the nuances of human emotion and relationships. She was influenced by writers such as Virginia Woolf and James Joyce, and her work has been compared to that of Franz Kafka and Samuel Beckett. In addition to her literary pursuits, Lispector was also a journalist and worked as a writer for several newspapers, including A Noite and O Jornal. She also traveled extensively throughout her life, living in Switzerland, Italy, and the United States at various points. Despite her success as a writer, Lispector remained a deeply private person and shunned media attention. She died in Rio de Janeiro in 1989, leaving behind a legacy as one of Brazil's most celebrated writers.
Lispector was known for her unconventional and free-spirited approach to life, often challenging societal norms and expectations. She was rumored to have practiced Kabbalah and was interested in spirituality and mysticism. Her personal life was also marked by tragedy, including a loveless marriage and the loss of her eldest son to suicide. Despite these difficulties, Lispector continued to write and create until her death at the age of 77. Today, her work remains a staple of Brazilian literature and continues to inspire readers and writers around the world. In 2017, Google commemorated her 97th birthday with a Google Doodle in Brazil.
Lispector's work has gained renewed interest in recent years with the publication of new translations and critical studies. In 2014, a collection of her short stories titled "Complete Stories" was published in English for the first time, introducing her work to a new audience. Her literary legacy has also been celebrated in Brazil with the creation of the Elisa Lispector Literary Prize, which awards writers in the categories of novel, short story, and literary critique. Lispector's influence extends beyond the literary sphere, with musicians and visual artists also citing her work as an inspiration. Casa de Rui Barbosa Museum in Rio de Janeiro has a room dedicated to her life and work, showcasing personal items and photographs. Despite her lasting impact, Lispector remains something of an enigma, with her writing often defying easy categorization or interpretation. She once famously said, "I write because I need to, because I'm not all there if I'm not writing." Her commitment to the creative process and her dedication to exploring the complexities of human existence make her a revered figure in Brazilian and world literature.
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Salomon Smolianoff (March 1, 1899 Kremenchuk-April 5, 1976) was a Brazilian personality.
He was born in Ukraine and immigrated to Brazil in the 1920s. Smolianoff was a composer, conductor, and pianist, known for his work in Brazilian popular music and theater. He was a member of the Brazilian Academy of Music and his compositions were performed by orchestras throughout Brazil. Smolianoff also founded the Brazilian Music Conservatory in Rio de Janeiro, which continues to educate and train musicians to this day. In addition to his musical work, Smolianoff was involved in cultural and social organizations, including the Brazilian Red Cross and the Society of Brazilian Friends of Israel.
He was a prolific composer, writing over 300 pieces, including the famous song "É Bom Parar", which became an instant hit in Brazil. Smolianoff also created musical scores for several films and theater productions, including "Nina", "Alô, Alô, Carnaval" and "Orfeu da Conceição". His work helped shape the Brazilian music scene and he was considered one of the most important Brazilian composers of his time.
Smolianoff was recognized for his contributions to Brazilian culture and received numerous awards and honors, including the Medal of Cultural Merit from the president of Brazil. He continued to perform and compose music until his death in 1976 at the age of 77, leaving a lasting legacy on Brazilian music and culture.
Smolianoff's passion for music began at a young age and he studied at the Imperial Music School in Kiev before immigrating to Brazil. Once he arrived in Brazil, he quickly became immersed in the cultural scene and began working as a pianist in restaurants and cafes. His talent and passion for music soon led to him composing his own pieces and securing positions as a conductor and music director for various theater and film productions.
In addition to his work in music, Smolianoff was also known for his philanthropy and dedication to improving the lives of others. He was a prominent member of the Brazilian Red Cross and worked tirelessly to promote humanitarian causes. Smolianoff also founded the Society of Brazilian Friends of Israel, an organization that worked to strengthen cultural ties between Brazil and Israel.
Throughout his career, Smolianoff remained committed to his roots and often incorporated elements of Ukrainian and Jewish music into his compositions. His music was beloved by Brazilians of all backgrounds and continues to be celebrated to this day. Smolianoff's contributions to Brazilian music and culture have earned him a place in the pantheon of Brazilian musical greats.
Despite his success in Brazil, Smolianoff never forgot his Ukrainian heritage and maintained close ties with the Ukrainian community in Brazil. He founded the Ukrainian-Brazilian Cultural Association and organized numerous cultural events to promote Ukrainian music, dance, and traditions in Brazil. Smolianoff also wrote several compositions inspired by Ukrainian folk songs and dances, including the popular "Dança Húngara" (Hungarian Dance) and "Dança Ucraniana" (Ukrainian Dance).
Smolianoff's legacy in Brazilian music continues to be celebrated through various tributes and events, including the Salomon Smolianoff International Piano Competition, which was established in 1988 and is held every two years in Rio de Janeiro. In addition, the Brazilian Music Conservatory, which he founded, has expanded to become one of the most prestigious music schools in Brazil, offering a wide range of programs in music education and performance.
Overall, Salomon Smolianoff's remarkable career as a composer, pianist, conductor, and philanthropist made him one of Brazil's most beloved and influential cultural figures. His passion for music and dedication to humanitarian causes continue to inspire generations of musicians and cultural leaders in Brazil and beyond.
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Azumir Veríssimo (June 7, 1935 Rio de Janeiro-December 2, 2012) was a Brazilian personality.
He was mainly known as an actor, playwright, and director, but was also involved in politics, having served as a councilor and secretary of culture in the state of Rio de Janeiro. Veríssimo began his career as an actor in the 1950s and quickly became a prominent figure in Brazilian theater. He was a member of the historic Teatro Oficina group and worked closely with renowned directors such as José Celso Martinez Corrêa. As a playwright, Veríssimo wrote more than 30 plays, many of which were considered controversial due to their political and social themes. He was also heavily involved in the Brazilian counterculture movement of the 1960s and 1970s. During this period, he was politically active and heavily involved in leftist causes. Despite his fame as an actor and playwright, Veríssimo never forgot his passion for politics and continued to be an advocate for social justice throughout his life.
Veríssimo's contributions to Brazilian culture were many, and he received numerous awards and recognitions for his work. He was one of the co-founders of the independent theater magazine "Navilouca," which was widely regarded as an important voice in Brazilian theater criticism. His play "Opinião" (Opinion) was a landmark in Brazilian theater and music, and helped to popularize politically-charged music in the country. In 1980, he was awarded the Molière Prize for his play "João da Cruz e Sousa." Veríssimo was also a respected director, and his productions of works by Bertolt Brecht, Eugene O'Neill, and Tennessee Williams were highly acclaimed. Later in life, he focused more on his political work, and in addition to his positions in government, he was involved in various social movements aimed at improving the lives of marginalized communities in Brazil. He passed away in 2012 at the age of 77, leaving behind a rich legacy as a cultural and political icon in Brazil.
Veríssimo's impact on Brazilian culture and politics was significant. As a leftist activist, he spoke out against the military dictatorship that ruled Brazil from 1964 to 1985. He was known for his support of the marginalized and oppressed, including the LGBTQ+ community and Afro-Brazilians. He was involved in the Afro-Brazilian religion of Candomblé and supported efforts to promote its recognition as an important part of Brazilian cultural heritage.
In addition to his work in theater and politics, Veríssimo was also known for his work in film and television. He appeared in several Brazilian films, including "Macunaíma" (1969), "O Amuleto de Ogum" (1974), and "Bye Bye Brasil" (1980). He also had roles in numerous TV shows and soap operas, including the popular series "A Grande Família."
Veríssimo's legacy continues to be felt in Brazil today, both through his artistic contributions and his political activism. He is remembered as a passionate and committed advocate for social justice, and his influence on Brazilian theater and culture will continue to be felt for years to come.
Veríssimo was born and raised in Rio de Janeiro, where he began his acting career as a teenager in a local theater group. He was the son of political activists and grew up in a politically charged environment, which had a significant impact on his later work. In the 1950s, he joined the Teatro Oficina group, which was founded by José Celso Martinez Corrêa and became one of the most important theater companies in Brazil's history. Veríssimo quickly became a prominent figure within the group and helped to shape its groundbreaking approach to theater, which emphasized improvisation, audience interaction, and a radical politics that sought to challenge the status quo.
Veríssimo's work as a playwright was equally influential. He was known for his socially and politically-charged plays, which tackled issues such as racism, poverty, and political oppression. His most famous work, "Opinião," was a musical revue that featured political songs and sketches that addressed the realities of life in Brazil during the military dictatorship. The show was a massive hit and helped to launch the careers of some of Brazil's most famous musicians, including Chico Buarque and Maria Bethania.
Throughout his career, Veríssimo remained committed to political activism and social justice. He was involved in numerous political campaigns and was a vocal advocate for various progressive causes, including LGBTQ+ rights, women's rights, and environmentalism. He was also involved in the movement to promote the recognition of Afro-Brazilian culture and traditions, and worked tirelessly to challenge the pervasive racism and inequality that plagued Brazilian society.
Despite his many accolades and accomplishments, Veríssimo remained humble and devoted to his art and his activism until the end. He continued to work tirelessly on behalf of social justice causes and was widely respected for his integrity and his unwavering commitment to his principles. His death was mourned by countless fans and admirers around the world, who recognized him as one of the most important cultural and political figures in Brazilian history.
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Alberto Ruschel (February 21, 1918 Estrela, Rio Grande do Sul-January 18, 1996 Rio de Janeiro) a.k.a. Alberto Manuel Miranda Ruschel, Quitandinha Serenaders or Alberto Miranda was a Brazilian actor, film producer, film director and screenwriter.
Ruschel began his career in the 1940s as a member of the famous musical group Serenader who would go on to become known as the Quitandinha Serenaders. He appeared in a number of popular Brazilian films throughout the 1950s and '60s, such as "Assim Era a Atlântida" and "Cavalheiro Trapalhão". In 1969, he directed and produced the film "O Ritual dos Sádicos", which went on to become a cult classic in Brazil.
Throughout his career, Ruschel was known for his commitment to promoting the Brazilian film industry and was a charismatic figure in the industry. In 1993, he was awarded the Order of Cultural Merit by the Brazilian government for his contributions to Brazilian cinema. Today, Ruschel is remembered as one of the most iconic figures in Brazil's rich cinematic history.
In addition to his work in film and music, Alberto Ruschel was also involved in Brazilian television. He appeared in several popular TV series in the 1970s and '80s, including "A Deusa Vencida" and "O Espigão". Ruschel was also a skilled writer, having penned the script for the film "O Sobrado" in 1956. He continued to work in the film industry until his death in 1996, leaving behind a legacy not only as an artist, but also as a champion of Brazilian culture. Ruschel's dedication to promoting Brazilian art and culture extends beyond his lifetime and has inspired many young filmmakers and artists in Brazil today.
In addition to his work in film, television, and music, Alberto Ruschel was also a fervent supporter of Brazilian theater. He founded the Teatro Ipanema in Rio de Janeiro in the 1960s, which became a cultural hotspot and a hub for alternative theater productions in Brazil. Ruschel was also a vocal critic of the military dictatorship that ruled Brazil from 1964 to 1985, using his platform as an artist to fight for freedom of expression and human rights. He participated in several protests and was even briefly imprisoned for his activism. Despite the challenges he faced, Ruschel remained committed to promoting Brazil's vibrant artistic scene and inspired generations of artists to follow in his footsteps. Today, his legacy lives on as an enduring symbol of the power of art to effect change and celebrate cultural diversity.
Alberto Ruschel was born into a family of musicians in the southern Brazilian state of Rio Grande do Sul. His father, Hermann Ruschel, was a music teacher, and Alberto began playing the mandolin at the age of six. He later learned to play other instruments, such as the guitar and violin, and became a skilled musician.
Ruschel moved to Rio de Janeiro in the 1940s to pursue a career in music and quickly found success as a member of the Serenader. The group, which later became known as the Quitandinha Serenaders, performed a mix of Brazilian folk music and international standards and became one of the most popular musical acts in Brazil.
In the 1950s, Ruschel began acting in films and quickly made a name for himself as a versatile and charismatic performer. He played a wide range of roles, from comedic to dramatic, and was praised for his naturalistic acting style.
Ruschel's contributions to Brazilian cinema extended beyond acting, however. He also directed and produced several films, including the cult classic "O Ritual dos Sádicos", which explored the themes of violence and authoritarianism in Brazil. Ruschel's commitment to social justice and human rights was also evident in his activism against the military dictatorship that ruled Brazil for over two decades.
Throughout his career, Ruschel remained passionate about promoting Brazilian culture and supporting young artists. He was instrumental in founding the Teatro Ipanema and other cultural institutions that helped nurture a new generation of Brazilian talent.
Today, Alberto Ruschel is remembered as one of Brazil's greatest artists and cultural icons, a man whose passion and commitment to promoting Brazilian art and culture continues to inspire generations of artists and activists.
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Hugo Carvana (June 4, 1937 Lins de Vasconcelos-October 4, 2014 Rio de Janeiro) also known as Hugo Carvana de Hollanda was a Brazilian actor, film director, screenwriter, film producer and television director. His children are called Pedro Carvana, Júlio Carvana, Rita Carvana and Maria Clara Carvana.
Hugo Carvana began his career in the film industry in the 1960s, where he acted in iconic Brazilian films such as 'Ganga Zumba', 'Toda Donzela Tem Um Pai Que É Uma Fera' and 'Jorge, Um Brasileiro'. In addition to his acting career, Carvana also directed critically acclaimed films such as 'Vai Trabalhar, Vagabundo', 'Bar Esperança, o Último Que Fecha' and 'Se Segura, Malandro!'.
His work in the film industry earned him numerous accolades throughout his career, including the Best Actor award at the Festival de Brasília for his role in 'O Bom Burguês', and the Best Director award at the Gramado Film Festival for his film 'Vai Trabalhar, Vagabundo'.
Apart from his career in film, Carvana was also an active participant in Brazilian television productions. He directed and acted in several TV programs and telenovelas, including 'O Bem-Amado' and 'Pecado Capital', which were highly successful in Brazil.
Hugo Carvana was recognized as one of the most influential figures in Brazilian cinema and his contributions to the industry are still celebrated today. He passed away in Rio de Janeiro at the age of 77, leaving a lasting legacy in Brazilian film and television.
Carvana was not only a major influence in the Brazilian film industry but also a vocal activist for workers' rights and political causes. He was a staunch supporter of the Brazilian Worker's Party and was known to use his film and television production to promote socially and politically progressive messages. He was also an advocate for the preservation of Brazilian cinema history and served as the president of the Brazilian Film Academy from 2008 to 2011. In addition to his creative work, Carvana was also an accomplished musician and played saxophone in a band called 'Banda Veneno'. His dynamic and multifaceted career made him a beloved figure in Brazil and a true icon of Brazilian film and culture.
Carvana was born in Lins de Vasconcelos, a neighborhood in the northern region of Rio de Janeiro. He started his career as a journalist for a local newspaper, but soon realized his passion for acting and filmmaking. In addition to his work in film and television, Carvana was also a theater director and producer. He founded the group Asdrúbal Trouxe o Trombone, which became one of the most influential theater groups in Brazil.
Carvana was known for his unique blend of humor and social commentary in his films, which often dealt with issues such as poverty, inequality, and political corruption. He was a key figure in the Cinema Novo movement, a Brazilian film movement that emerged in the 1960s and aimed to create a new form of cinema that reflected the social and political realities of Brazil at the time.
Carvana received numerous awards and honors throughout his career, including the Order of Cultural Merit from the Brazilian government and the Lifetime Achievement Award from the Rio de Janeiro International Film Festival. He continued to work in the film and television industry until his death in 2014.
Throughout his career, Hugo Carvana was known for his involvement in various film and cultural organizations in Brazil. He served as the president of the Brazilian Confederation of Artistic and Cultural Businesses and was also a member of the Brazilian Television Academy. Carvana was a passionate advocate for the preservation of Brazilian culture, and he played an active role in the restoration of iconic Brazilian films, such as 'Pixote' and 'Limite'. He also served as a member of the board of the Brazilian National Film Archive, where he worked to preserve and showcase Brazil's rich film history. In addition to his contributions to the film industry, Carvana was also an active supporter of environmental causes, having served as a board member of the Brazilian Greenpeace and as a delegate at the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development in 1992. Overall, with his multifaceted career and extensive social and cultural work, Hugo Carvana left a lasting impact on the cultural landscape of Brazil.
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Laurindo Almeida (September 2, 1917 Miracatu-July 26, 1995 Los Angeles) also known as Laurindo Ahmeida, Almeida, Laurindo, Laurinda Almeida or Laurindo Jose de Araujo Almeida Nobrega Neto was a Brazilian guitarist, actor and film score composer.
His albums: Acapulco '22, Brazilliance, Volume 2, Brazilian Soul, Chamber Jazz, The Concord Jazz Heritage Series, First Concerto for Guitar and Orchestra, Latin Odyssey, Guitar From Ipanema, Duets with Spanish Guitar and Outra Vez. Genres: Bossa nova, Jazz and Classical guitar.
He died in acute leukemia.
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Iracema de Alencar (April 19, 1900 Triunfo, Rio Grande do Sul-March 17, 1978 Petrópolis) also known as Ida Hermínia Kerber was a Brazilian actor.
Iracema de Alencar began her career in the arts as a theater actor in the 1920s, but soon transitioned to film acting, becoming one of the most prominent actresses of Brazilian cinema in the 1930s and 1940s. She starred in over 40 films during her career, often portraying strong female characters, and worked with renowned filmmakers such as Humberto Mauro and Glauber Rocha. In addition to her work in the film industry, de Alencar was also a talented radio actress and voiceover artist. She was recognized for her contributions to Brazilian cinema in 1976, when she was awarded the Golden Kikito for her lifetime achievement in acting at the Gramado Film Festival.
In addition to her successful acting career, Iracema de Alencar was also a pioneer in Brazilian radio. She was part of the first radio program in Brazil, presented in 1922 by Roquette Pinto. She continued to be an active radio actress throughout the 1930s and 1940s, and was known for her distinctive voice which earned her the nickname "The Voice of the Radio". Her exceptional talent as a voiceover artist also led her to record texts for numerous educational materials, documentaries, and newsreels. Outside of her artistic pursuits, de Alencar was also a dedicated activist for women's rights and was involved in various feminist groups during her lifetime. Despite retiring from acting in the 1950s, Iracema de Alencar remained an important figure in Brazilian cinema and is still remembered as one of the country's most influential actresses.
In addition to her work in film and radio, Iracema de Alencar was also known for her musical talents. She was a gifted singer and songwriter, and even released a few albums throughout her career. Her music often addressed social issues, including women's rights and poverty, and was inspired by her activism. De Alencar was also involved in politics and was a member of the Brazilian Communist Party. Her political beliefs and activism often landed her in trouble with the government, leading to her being incarcerated multiple times throughout her life. Despite these challenges, she remained committed to fighting for social justice and equality. Today, Iracema de Alencar is celebrated as a trailblazer in Brazilian cinema and a fearless advocate for marginalized communities.
One of Iracema de Alencar's most significant contributions to Brazilian cinema was her ability to portray complex and nuanced female characters. Many of her roles challenged traditional gender roles and highlighted the strength and resilience of women. Her performance in the 1936 film "Uma Luz na Estrada" (A Light on the Road) was particularly praised for its depiction of a woman struggling to balance her personal desires and societal expectations. De Alencar's commitment to depicting women's experiences on film earned her a reputation as a feminist icon and inspired many other women in the industry.
Despite facing discrimination and censorship as a result of her political activism, Iracema de Alencar remained resolute in her beliefs and continued to use her art as a platform for social change. She was a frequent participant in political rallies and events and used her voice to advocate for the rights of workers, women, and other marginalized communities. Her impact on Brazilian society can still be felt to this day, and she continues to be celebrated as a symbol of resistance and perseverance.
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Miriam Pires (April 20, 1927 Rio de Janeiro-September 7, 2004 Rio de Janeiro) a.k.a. Myrian de Souza Pires, Myriam Pires or Míriam Pires was a Brazilian actor.
She began her career in the theater, working with renowned Brazilian directors like Eugênio Kusnet and Ziembinski. In the 1950s, she transitioned to television, becoming one of the most important actresses of the time. She starred in many popular Brazilian telenovelas, including "O Machão", "O Espigão", and "Dulcinéa vai à guerra".
Pires also appeared in several Brazilian films, including "O Homem do Sputnik" (1959), "Um Candango na Belacap" (1961), and "O Homem Nu" (1968). In addition to acting, she was also a singer and released several albums throughout her career.
Pires was known for her versatility and ability to portray a wide range of characters, from strong and independent women to vulnerable and emotional ones. She won several awards for her work, including the Best Actress award at the Brasília Film Festival for her role in "A Estrela Sobe" (1974).
She passed away in 2004 at the age of 77, leaving behind a rich legacy in Brazilian theater, television, and film.
Despite her successful acting career, Miriam Pires was also known for her activism and involvement in Brazilian politics. She was a member of the Brazilian Communist Party and was briefly imprisoned in the 1960s during Brazil's military dictatorship. Pires was also an advocate for women's rights and worked to raise awareness about domestic violence in Brazil. She was married to fellow actor and director Ruy Guerra, with whom she had one daughter, Daniela Guerra, who also became an actress. Today, Miriam Pires is remembered as a trailblazer in Brazilian entertainment and an inspiration to many young actors and actresses in the country.
She was born to a family of artists - her father was a conductor and her mother was a pianist. Pires was encouraged to pursue a career in the arts from a young age and began taking acting classes as a teenager. Her talent was evident from the start, and she quickly established herself as one of the most promising young actresses of her generation.
Throughout her career, Pires worked with some of the most important names in Brazilian culture, including Vinicius de Moraes, Tom Jobim, and Chico Buarque. She was a frequent collaborator with the renowned playwright Nelson Rodrigues, appearing in many of his plays and adaptations.
Pires was also a prominent voice in the fight against censorship in Brazil. During the military dictatorship, many artists and intellectuals were targeted and silenced by the government. Pires used her platform to speak out against censorship and advocate for artistic freedom.
Today, Miriam Pires is remembered not only for her contributions to Brazilian entertainment but also for her courage and activism in the face of political oppression. Her legacy remains an inspiration to artists and activists throughout Brazil and beyond.
In addition to her work in the arts and politics, Miriam Pires was also a dedicated educator. She taught acting at the National School of Dramatic Art in Rio de Janeiro and helped to train a new generation of Brazilian actors. Pires believed in the power of theater to inspire change and transform society, and she worked tirelessly to pass on her knowledge and passion to her students.
Throughout her life, Pires remained committed to social justice and human rights. She continued to speak out against violence and discrimination, using her celebrity status to raise awareness about important issues. Even in her later years, when she was battling cancer, Pires remained active and engaged, using her illness as a platform to promote cancer awareness and support for patients and survivors.
Miriam Pires' impact on Brazilian culture and society cannot be overstated. She was a true pioneer, breaking down barriers and paving the way for future generations of artists, activists, and educators. Her legacy remains a powerful reminder of the importance of standing up for what is right and fighting for a better world for all.
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Airton Pavilhão (October 31, 1934-April 3, 2012) was a Brazilian personality.
He was a prolific artist and entrepreneur, best known for his work in the advertising industry. Pavilhão started his career as a copywriter and quickly rose through the ranks to become a successful advertising executive. He founded his own advertising agency, Pavilhão Propaganda, which went on to become one of the most renowned agencies in Brazil.
Apart from his contributions to the advertising industry, Pavilhão was also a passionate advocate for environmental causes. He was actively involved in several conservation projects and was known for his efforts to preserve the Amazon rainforest. Pavilhão was also a keen collector of art and artifacts, particularly those related to Brazilian culture.
Throughout his life, Pavilhão received numerous awards for his contributions to the worlds of advertising and conservation. He remained active in his pursuits until his death in 2012, leaving behind a legacy of creativity and environmental stewardship.
In addition to his professional and environmental endeavors, Airton Pavilhão was also deeply involved in the cultural scene of Brazil. He was a patron of the arts and dedicated much of his resources to promoting Brazilian artists and cultural events. Pavilhão also served as the president of the Brazilian Association of Advertising Agencies and was an active member of various philanthropic organizations.After his passing, Pavilhão was posthumously honored with the Order of Cultural Merit, one of Brazil's highest civilian honors. Today, he is remembered not only for his contributions to advertising and conservation but also for his passion for Brazilian culture and his commitment to making the world a better place.
Pavilhão was born in Rio de Janeiro and grew up in a family that valued education and the arts. He studied at the prestigious Getulio Vargas Foundation before starting his career in advertising. Despite being successful in the industry, Pavilhão remained humble and always made time for his family and friends. He was described as a warm and generous person who went out of his way to help others.
In addition to his advocacy work for the environment, Pavilhão was also a vocal supporter of women's rights and LGBTQ+ rights. He used his platform as a prominent figure in the advertising world to promote messages of equality and social justice.
Pavilhão's legacy continues to inspire others to make a positive impact on the world. His contributions to the arts, advertising, and conservation have left a lasting mark on Brazil, and his commitment to social justice serves as a reminder that we all have the power to create change.
Airton Pavilhão's impact on the advertising industry was profound, and he was known for his innovative and creative approach to marketing. He worked on groundbreaking campaigns for major brands, including Coca-Cola, Nestle, and Honda. Pavilhão's creative vision and strategic thinking helped elevate the advertising industry in Brazil and put the country on the map as a global advertising hub.In addition to his work in advertising, Pavilhão also served as a mentor and inspiration to many young professionals in the industry. He was known for his willingness to share his knowledge and expertise with others, and for his commitment to developing new talent.Pavilhão's passion for the environment led him to become involved in several conservation organizations, including the World Wildlife Fund and the Amazon Environmental Research Institute. He was a vocal advocate for sustainable development and responsible environmental stewardship, and he worked tirelessly to raise awareness about the importance of protecting natural resources.Pavilhão's contributions to Brazilian culture were also significant. He was a patron of the arts and was known for his support of emerging artists and cultural initiatives. Pavilhão's dedication to promoting and preserving Brazilian culture helped to strengthen the country's artistic and cultural heritage, and his work in this area continues to inspire new generations of artists and cultural leaders.In addition to his achievements in advertising, conservation, and culture, Airton Pavilhão was also a devoted husband and father. He was married to his wife, Maria, for over 50 years, and together they had three children. Pavilhão's commitment to his family and community was another hallmark of his character, and his generosity and kindness touched the lives of many who knew him.Often described as a true renaissance man, Airton Pavilhão's contributions to Brazilian society were wide-ranging and significant. His legacy continues to inspire others to pursue their passions and make a positive impact on the world around them.
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Paulo Moura (July 15, 1932 São José do Rio Preto-July 12, 2010 Rio de Janeiro) was a Brazilian clarinetist, saxophonist, musician, composer and film score composer. He had two children, Pedro Moura and Domingos Moura.
His albums include Mistura e manda, Rio Nocturnes, , , Estação Leopoldina, , Pra cá e pra lá, , and Dois irmaos. Genres he performed include Choro.
He died caused by lymphoma.
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Ruth Cardoso (September 19, 1930 Araraquara-June 24, 2008 São Paulo) a.k.a. First lady Ruth Cardoso, Ruth Valença Correia Leite Cardoso, Ruth Valenca Correia Leite Cardoso, Ruth Vilaça Correia Leite Cardoso or Dr. Cardoso was a Brazilian anthropologist. She had three children, Paulo Henrique Cardoso, Luciana Cardoso and Beatriz Cardoso.
She was a prominent figure in the intellectual and political spheres of Brazil, and was highly respected for her work in anthropology, sociology, and public policy. Ruth Cardoso received her bachelor's degree from the University of São Paulo, and went on to earn a PhD in social anthropology from University of California, Berkeley. Her research focused on issues related to poverty, gender, and social inequality in Brazil.
Throughout her career, Ruth Cardoso held prominent positions in academia, serving as a professor at the University of São Paulo and a visiting lecturer at universities around the world. She was also actively involved in social and political organizations, including the Brazilian Center for Analysis and Planning (CEBRAP) and the Latin American Faculty of Social Sciences.
In addition to her academic work, Ruth Cardoso was known for her philanthropic efforts, working to support and empower marginalized communities in Brazil. She founded the Ruth Cardoso Institute, a non-profit organization that promotes social development through programs focused on education, culture, and citizenship.
Ruth Cardoso was highly esteemed in Brazil and internationally, and was recognized for her contributions to social science, public policy, and philanthropy. In 2005, she received the Prince of Asturias Awards for Social Sciences, one of Spain's most prestigious honors for outstanding achievements in arts, humanities, and sciences.
She was also awarded the Order of Cultural Merit, the highest Brazilian award for cultural contributions, in 1996. Ruth Cardoso also served as the First Lady of Brazil from 1995 to 2002, during the presidency of her husband, Fernando Henrique Cardoso. During her time in the position, she focused on promoting social welfare programs and combating poverty in Brazil.Her work in public policy continued after leaving the position of First Lady, as she served as the Chair of the Board of Trustees of the United Nations Research Institute for Social Development. Ruth Cardoso passed away in 2008, but her legacy continues to inspire and influence those who work towards social justice and equity in Brazil and beyond.
Ruth Cardoso's contributions to anthropology and public policy were significant and far-reaching. Her research on poverty and inequality in Brazil was groundbreaking and helped to shape public policy in the country. She was also a strong advocate for women's rights and was instrumental in the development of social welfare programs to support marginalized communities in Brazil.
As First Lady, Ruth Cardoso was a powerful voice for social justice and worked tirelessly to improve the lives of the poorest and most vulnerable communities in Brazil. She was particularly passionate about promoting education and cultural programs, believing that these were key to creating a more equitable and just society.
Following her time as First Lady, Ruth Cardoso continued to work on issues related to poverty and social justice, serving as a member of numerous international organizations and receiving many awards and honors for her work. Her legacy continues to inspire a new generation of scholars and activists who are committed to advancing social justice and equality in Brazil and around the world.
Additionally, Ruth Cardoso was a prolific writer and author, publishing several books and articles throughout her career. Her publications covered a wide range of topics including social inequality, gender, culture, and public policy. One of her most famous books was "A Brazilian Mystic: The Life and Miracles of Antonio Conselheiro," which examined the life of a spiritual leader in northeast Brazil and the social and political context of the time. The book became a bestseller in Brazil and was widely praised for its insights into Brazilian culture and history.
Ruth Cardoso was also a devoted mother and wife, supporting her husband Fernando Henrique Cardoso throughout his political career. The couple met in college and were married for over 50 years. Together they raised three children, who went on to have successful careers in academia and business.
Overall, Ruth Cardoso's life was characterized by her passion for social justice and her commitment to using her talents and resources to create positive change in the world. Her legacy continues to inspire people around the globe to work towards a more equitable and compassionate society.
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Bezerra Da Silva (February 23, 1927 Recife-January 17, 2005 Rio de Janeiro) otherwise known as Bezerra da Silva or José Bezerra da Silva was a Brazilian musician. He had one child, Thalamy Bezerra da Silva.
His discography includes: Partido Alto Nota 10, 100 Anos de Música, Acervo Especial, Meu Bom Juiz, O Melhor de Bezerra da Silva, Produto do Morro, O Rei do Côco, Volume 2, O Partido Alto do Samba, Malandro and Cocada Boa.
He died as a result of myocardial infarction.
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Lygia Carvalho Pape (April 7, 1927 Nova Friburgo-May 3, 2004 Rio de Janeiro) a.k.a. Lygia Pape was a Brazilian personality.
She was a visual artist, sculptor, painter, engraver, and filmmaker. Pape was one of the pioneers of the Neo-Concrete movement in Brazil, which sought to explore the relationships between art and the spectator in a more interactive and participatory way. She was also known for her experimental films, which often used abstract images and unconventional editing techniques. Pape's artwork has been exhibited in galleries and museums around the world, including the Museum of Modern Art in New York and the Tate Modern in London. Today, she is remembered for her contributions to the Brazilian and international art scenes, and her legacy continues to inspire new generations of artists.
Pape's early works were primarily abstract paintings and structures. She was a founding member of the Concrete and Neo-Concrete movement in Rio de Janeiro during the 1950s and 1960s. She played a pivotal role in the formation of the Grupo Frente, which opposed the traditional painting styles of local artists. In the 1960s, Pape produced some of her most important and recognized works, the Livro da Criação series, which explored the interaction between the public and art through mediums such as sculpture, installation, and performance.
Aside from her work in the visual arts, Pape was also known for her contributions to Brazilian theater and cinema. She collaborated with filmmaker Glauber Rocha, creating innovative films like "The Mysteries of Amazonas" (1974) and "Inverse Impressions" (1981). In recognition of her contributions to the Brazilian art world, Pape was awarded the Order of Cultural Merit by the Brazilian government in 1999, shortly before her passing in 2004.
Pape's legacy continues to inspire new generations of artists all over the world. In recent years, her work has been the subject of several high-profile solo exhibitions, including shows at the Serpentine Galleries in London, the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York, and the Museu de Arte Contemporânea in São Paulo. In addition to her groundbreaking work, Pape was also an advocate for social justice and political change, and she used her art to speak out against authoritarianism and repression in Brazil. Today, her work is seen as a testament to the power of art to effect change and inspire new ways of thinking. Pape's influence on contemporary art and culture is undeniable, and her contributions to the Neo-Concrete movement in particular continue to shape the landscape of Brazilian art and beyond.
Pape’s style was heavily influenced by her interest in geometry and the mathematical concepts of space and form. This interest is evident in her sculptures, which often feature intricate and complex shapes that challenge the viewer’s perception of space and dimension. One of her most famous sculptures, "Ttéia" (Web), was a large-scale installation made up of delicate golden threads that gave the impression of a shimmering, three-dimensional web. Pape’s exploration of space and form extended beyond sculpture and into her experimentation with film as well. Her films took on a abstract quality that challenged traditional cinematic techniques and aimed to create an immersive and interactive experience for the viewer.
Pape also had a deep interest in the cultural traditions of Brazil and drew upon them in her work. She explored the rich diversity of Brazilian folk culture, religious practices, and indigenous art, often incorporating elements of these traditions into her pieces. Her commitment to using art to explore cultural identity and national heritage was a key aspect of her Neo-Concrete practice.
Throughout her life, Pape remained committed to the idea that art can be a tool for social change. She was a member of the resistance movement against Brazil’s military dictatorship and used her art to speak out against political oppression and censorship. Her belief that art can foster new ways of thinking and inspire profound social and political transformation has made her a figure of great significance in Brazilian art history. Today, Pape is celebrated as one of Brazil’s most important artists and is remembered not only for her groundbreaking work, but also for her unwavering commitment to pushing the boundaries of what art can achieve.
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