Dutch music stars who deceased at age 73

Here are 30 famous musicians from Netherlands died at 73:

Grinling Gibbons

Grinling Gibbons (April 4, 1648 Rotterdam-August 3, 1721 London) was a Dutch personality.

Grinling Gibbons was a renowned British sculptor and woodcarver of Dutch origin, widely considered as one of the most talented woodcarvers of the 17th century. He is best known for his intricate carvings of foliage, fruit, and flowers in wood, which adorned many of the grandest buildings of his time, including St. Paul's Cathedral and Hampton Court Palace. His work was in high demand among wealthy patrons and royal households, and his unique style had a lasting impact on English decorative arts. Aside from carving, Gibbons also worked as an architect, designer, and painter. He lived and worked in England for most of his life, eventually obtaining British citizenship in 1693.

Gibbons began his education as an artist in the Netherlands before moving to England in early adulthood where his skills quickly gained him recognition. Among his most celebrated works are the carvings on the choir screen of Saint James's Church, Piccadilly, and his elaborately carved display of fruit and flowers at Chatsworth House in Derbyshire. His carvings were not limited to wood; he also created intricate carvings on stone and marble.

In addition to his art, Gibbons was also known for his impressive stonework and was commissioned to create extravagant heraldic monuments and fireplace surrounds for estates of the English aristocracy. He had the honour of being appointed as the "Master Carver in Wood" to the King, a position which he held until his death.

Although Gibbons' exact methods are not well-documented, his influence on later generations of woodcarvers was profound. His signature style, characterised by an intricate and naturalistic rendering of leaves and fruits, became known as the "Gibbons style" and was widely replicated. His work continues to be admired to this day, and examples of his beautiful carvings can be found in many institutions, including the Victoria and Albert Museum in London.

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Willem Frederik Hermans

Willem Frederik Hermans (September 1, 1921 Amsterdam-April 27, 1995 Utrecht) a.k.a. Willem Hermans was a Dutch writer and novelist.

Hermans is considered to be one of the greatest post-war writers in Dutch literature, known for his experimental style and themes of human cruelty, isolation, and absurdity. He wrote over twenty novels, several essays, and numerous short stories, poetry, and plays throughout his career. Hermans also worked as a physical geographer and spent time teaching at universities in Groningen and Paris. Despite his success as a writer, Hermans was known for his reclusive personality and his contentious relationships with the literary establishment. After his death, the Willem Frederik Hermans Institute was established in Amsterdam to preserve and promote his work.

Hermans was born in Amsterdam and grew up in several cities throughout the Netherlands. He attended the University of Amsterdam, where he studied physical geography and geology. Hermans' early works were heavily influenced by his background in the natural sciences, and themes of determinism, chaos, and order can be found in his writing.

Hermans' breakthrough novel, "The Dark Room of Damocles," was published in 1958 and is considered one of the most important works in Dutch literature. The novel, set during World War II, explores themes of identity, fate, and moral ambiguity. It was followed by several other notable works, including "Nooit meer slapen" ("Beyond Sleep"), which is based on Hermans' experiences as a geologist in Norway.

Hermans received numerous literary awards throughout his career, including the P.C. Hooft Award in 1977, which is the most prestigious literary award in the Netherlands. Despite this recognition, Hermans remained a controversial figure and often clashed with literary critics and fellow writers.

In addition to his writing, Hermans was an avid collector of books, art, and memorabilia. His collection, which included works by Vincent van Gogh and other famous artists, was sold at auction after his death.

Hermans' legacy continues to influence Dutch literature and culture. In addition to the Willem Frederik Hermans Institute in Amsterdam, there are several academic chairs and research centers dedicated to his work.

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Jan Hendrik Scholten

Jan Hendrik Scholten (August 17, 1811 Vleuten-April 10, 1885 Leiden) was a Dutch scientist.

He was a distinguished botanist, who specialized in the study of fungi. Scholten held several academic positions throughout his career, including professor of botany at the University of Groningen and later at the University of Leiden. He authored numerous scientific papers and was highly regarded for his contributions to the field of mycology. In addition to his academic pursuits, Scholten was an active member of various scientific societies and served as editor of the journal 'Nederlandsch Kruidkundig Archief'. He was also known for mentoring promising young scientists and was credited with inspiring many students to pursue careers in botany and mycology. Scholten is still considered a significant figure in the history of Dutch science and his work remains influential to this day.

He was born in Vleuten, a town in the province of Utrecht in the Netherlands. Scholten received his education at the University of Utrecht, where he went on to earn his doctorate in botany. He then spent a period of time as a lecturer at the university before moving to Groningen where he was appointed professor of botany. Scholten remained at Groningen for several years before accepting a position at the University of Leiden, where he served the remainder of his academic career.

Scholten's research focused on the study of fungi, particularly their classification and morphology. He was particularly interested in the anatomy of fungal spores and produced a substantial body of work in this area. His work in mycology led to him becoming one of the foremost experts on fungi in the Netherlands.

Apart from his expertise in mycology, Scholten was also an accomplished scholar in other botanical disciplines, such as plant anatomy and physiology. He was known for his meticulous attention to detail, and his observations were often based on careful experimentation.

Throughout his career, Scholten mentored many promising young scientists including Hugo de Vries, who went on to make significant contributions to the field of genetics. Scholten was also an active member of various scientific societies and served as editor of the journal 'Nederlandsch Kruidkundig Archief.'

In recognition of his accomplishments, Scholten was awarded several prestigious awards and honors. He was elected a member of the Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences in 1850 and became a foreign member of the Linnean Society of London in 1869.

Jan Hendrik Scholten passed away on April 10, 1885, in Leiden, the Netherlands, leaving behind a legacy as one of the most prominent mycologists of his time.

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Anna Louisa Geertruida Bosboom-Toussaint

Anna Louisa Geertruida Bosboom-Toussaint (September 16, 1812 Alkmaar-April 13, 1886 The Hague) a.k.a. Anna L.G. Bosboom-Toussaint, Anna Louisa Geertruida Bosboom Toussaint or Mrs Bosboom-Toussaint was a Dutch writer and novelist.

Bosboom-Toussaint was one of the leading Dutch authors of the 19th century and a pioneer of realism in Dutch literature. Despite being self-educated and having no formal training as a writer, she wrote over 20 novels in her lifetime. Her novels dealt with a wide range of topics including religion, social issues, and the position of women in society. She was also known for her extensive research into historical events, which she incorporated into her novels to enrich their realism. One of her most famous works is "Majoor Frans" (Major Frank), a novel that deals with issues of class, gender, and revolution. Bosboom-Toussaint was a prominent figure in Dutch literary circles and was married to the writer and historian Jan Bosboom.

In addition to her literary accomplishments, Bosboom-Toussaint was also an active member of society. She was a supporter of the feminist movement and used her writing to advocate for the rights of women. She was also a patron of the arts, supporting young artists and writers, and hosted a literary salon in her home in The Hague which was attended by many of the leading intellectuals of the day. Her impact on Dutch literature and society was significant and continues to be recognized today. In 1977, a commemorative plaque was placed on her former home in The Hague in honor of her contributions to Dutch culture.

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Cornelis Johannes Kieviet

Cornelis Johannes Kieviet (March 3, 1858-August 12, 1931) was a Dutch personality.

He was a schoolteacher, writer, and children's author who is best known for creating the popular Dutch children's book character, Dik Trom. Kieviet was born in Hoofddorp, Netherlands and after completing his education, he became a teacher. Alongside his teaching career, Kieviet began writing books for children and young adults. He wrote several books but his most famous work, "Dik Trom", was first published in 1891. The book features a mischievous and overweight boy named Dik Trom who faces several adventures. It was an instant success and became one of the most popular Dutch children's books of all time. His book has since been adapted into plays, musicals, television shows, and movies. Besides his writing career, Kieviet also worked as an education inspector and was awarded the Order of Orange-Nassau in 1923.

Kieviet continued to write throughout his lifetime, producing over thirty books for children and young adults. His other works include "De kleine kapitein" ("The Little Captain"), which was also adapted into a successful children's film in the Netherlands. Apart from being a writer and a teacher, Kieviet is also credited for his contributions to Dutch education. He was an advocate for progressive education and was involved in the creation of several educational initiatives in the country. Kieviet's legacy continues to inspire future generations of Dutch children's book writers, and his work remains popular in the Netherlands to this day.

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Peter Reijnders

Peter Reijnders (July 24, 1900-April 5, 1974) was a Dutch inventor and film director.

He was known for his work in the field of special effects in the film industry, particularly for his creation of the "blacklight" effect. Reijnders worked for several Dutch film companies, including Polygoon-Profilti and Hollandia. He was also the founder and director of the Amsterdam film school, which trained many notable filmmakers. In addition to his work in film, Reijnders was a prolific inventor, holding patents for several devices in the fields of photography and lighting. He passed away at the age of 73 but left a significant impact on the film and entertainment industry.

Reijnders' contributions to the film industry have been recognized with numerous awards, including the Golden Calf award for Best Technical Achievement in 1966. His work in special effects has been instrumental in shaping the way films are made and his ideas are still used today. In addition to his work in film and invention, Reijnders was also a painter and sculptor. He was a member of the Pulchri Studio, an artists' society in The Hague, where he exhibited his work. Reijnders was married with two children and his legacy continues to inspire filmmakers and innovators in the film industry today.

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Philip Dorn

Philip Dorn (September 30, 1901 Scheveningen-May 9, 1975 Woodland Hills) a.k.a. Hein van der Niet, Frits van Dongen, Fritz van Dongen, Frits von Dongen or Fritz van Dungen was a Dutch actor.

Philip Dorn began his acting career in the Netherlands, where he earned recognition for his roles on stage and in film. In the late 1930s, he left Europe to escape the rise of fascism and emigrated to the United States, where he signed a contract with Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer (MGM) studios.

Dorn is perhaps best known for his role as Dr. Louis Moline in the film "Random Harvest" (1942), which earned him critical acclaim and solidified his career in Hollywood. He went on to act in over 40 films throughout the 1940s and 1950s, including "I Remember Mama" (1948) and "The Pride of St. Louis" (1952).

In addition to his work in film, Dorn also appeared on Broadway and in television shows such as "The Twilight Zone" and "Bonanza." He was known for his suave, sophisticated on-screen persona, and was regarded as one of the most talented character actors of his time.

Despite achieving great success in Hollywood, Dorn never forgot his Dutch roots and remained proud of his heritage throughout his life.

Dorn's personal life was just as eventful as his career. He was married four times and had seven children. His third wife, singer Diana Lewis, was also an actress who appeared in several films alongside Dorn. Together they founded the Hollywood Dutch Club to unite Dutch expats living in Los Angeles. Dorn was also an avid pilot and owned his own plane, which he used to fly himself and his family on vacations.

Dorn's legacy continues to be celebrated in the Netherlands, where he is remembered as one of the country's most successful actors. In his honor, the Dutch Film Festival established the Philip Dorn Award in 1982, which is awarded annually to an actor or actress who has made a significant contribution to Dutch cinema. Additionally, in 2013, the Scheveningen beach resort unveiled a statue of Dorn to commemorate his life and career.

He died in myocardial infarction.

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Hendrik Zwaardemaker

Hendrik Zwaardemaker (May 10, 1857 Haarlem-September 19, 1930 Utrecht) was a Dutch scientist.

He is best known for his research on the sense of smell and taste, as well as his work on acoustics and phonetics. Zwaardemaker was a professor of physics and physiology at the University of Utrecht, where he founded the Laboratory of Physiological Optics and Acoustics. He was a pioneer in the field of olfactory research, developing innovative methods for measuring and characterizing the properties of odors. He also conducted landmark studies on taste perception, investigating the role of different taste buds and the relationship between taste and smell. In addition, Zwaardemaker contributed to the study of speech and hearing, publishing influential papers on the acoustics of vowel sounds and the physiology of the ear. He was a member of several scientific societies, including the Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences, and served as president of both the French and German physiological societies. Zwaardemaker's work had a lasting impact on the development of sensory physiology and cognitive neuroscience.

Zwaardemaker received his doctoral degree from the University of Amsterdam in 1883, where he studied under Franciscus Donders, a renowned physiologist. After working as a lecturer at the University of Amsterdam, he became a professor of physiology at the University of Utrecht in 1888, where he remained until his retirement in 1927.

Zwaardemaker's research on olfactory and taste perception was groundbreaking in its time, and he developed several tools and methods for measuring and characterizing these senses. For example, he invented the "olfactometer," a device for delivering precise amounts of odors to study participants, which is still used in olfactory research today.

Zwaardemaker was also interested in the physics of sound, and he conducted extensive research on the acoustics of speech and hearing. He was one of the first scientists to use mechanical devices to analyze the properties of speech sounds, and he published several influential papers on the topic.

In addition to his research, Zwaardemaker was a gifted teacher and mentor, and many of his students went on to become leading researchers in their own right. He also served as editor of several scientific journals and was a prolific author, publishing many articles and books on physiology, psychology, and linguistics.

Today, Zwaardemaker is considered one of the founders of modern sensory psychology and his contributions to the field continue to be recognized and studied by scientists around the world.

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Pieter Brattinga

Pieter Brattinga (January 31, 1931-July 8, 2004) was a Dutch graphic designer.

He was born in Sneek, Netherlands and studied at the Kunstnijverheidsschool in Amsterdam. He later worked as a graphic designer and art director for various advertising agencies before starting his own design firm in the 1960s.

Brattinga was known for his minimalist and functional designs, incorporating bold typography and simple geometric shapes. He was also a pioneer in the field of corporate identity, creating visual identities for companies such as KLM Royal Dutch Airlines and Randstad Staffing.

In addition to his work as a designer, Brattinga was also a curator and collector of contemporary art. He curated several exhibitions, including the groundbreaking "Typografie en Kunst" at the Stedelijk Museum Amsterdam in 1967.

Brattinga's contributions to the field of graphic design have been recognized with numerous awards and honors. He was a member of the Alliance Graphique Internationale and was awarded the Gerrit Noordzij Prize in 1997.

Brattinga's work has been exhibited internationally and is part of the permanent collections at many major museums including the Museum of Modern Art in New York and the Stedelijk Museum in Amsterdam. He was also a prolific writer, publishing articles and essays on design in various publications throughout his career. Brattinga passed away in 2004 at the age of 73, leaving behind a legacy as one of the most influential graphic designers of the 20th century. Today, his work continues to inspire and influence designers around the world.

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Lizzy van Dorp

Lizzy van Dorp (September 5, 1872-September 6, 1945) was a Dutch lawyer, politician and economist.

She was born in Amsterdam, Netherlands, and was the daughter of a progressive brewer. She was educated at home and eventually went on to study law at the University of Amsterdam, where she became one of the first women to graduate with a degree in law. After a brief stint as a lawyer, van Dorp became interested in politics and economics, and began writing and speaking on these topics.

In 1919, van Dorp was elected to the Dutch parliament, becoming the first woman to serve in the chamber. She was affiliated with the Social Democratic Workers' Party (SDAP) and was known for her feminist views and activism. During her time in parliament, she worked to improve the legal rights of women and to promote equal pay for female workers.

Van Dorp also played a significant role in the labor movement in the Netherlands. She was a member of the executive committee of the International Women's Secretariat of the International Federation of Trade Unions and was active in promoting workers' rights, particularly for women.

In addition to her political and economic work, van Dorp was also an accomplished author and wrote several books on political and social issues. She continued to be active in politics and social causes until she passed away in 1945, the day after her 73rd birthday.

Van Dorp was an advocate for peace and international cooperation. She was a member of the Women's International League for Peace and Freedom, and worked to promote disarmament, refugee rights, and the establishment of an international court of justice. During World War II, van Dorp was active in the Dutch resistance, providing support and shelter for Jews and other persecuted individuals.

Van Dorp's legacy lives on as a pioneer for women's rights and a tireless advocate for social justice. In 2018, a street in Amsterdam was named after her in recognition of her contributions to Dutch society.

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Jan Flinterman

Jan Flinterman (October 2, 1919 The Hague-December 26, 1992 Leiden) was a Dutch race car driver.

Flinterman began his racing career in the 1940s and quickly gained a reputation as a talented and skilled driver. He competed in various events including the 24 Hours of Le Mans, the Mille Miglia, and the Dutch Grand Prix. Flinterman also won several major races, including the Nürburgring 1000 KM in 1960 driving a Ferrari.

Aside from racing, Flinterman was also an accomplished pilot, serving as a fighter pilot in the Dutch Air Force during World War II. After the war, he continued to fly and even competed in aerobatic competitions.

Flinterman retired from racing in the 1960s and later became a successful businessman. He remained involved in motorsports as a commentator and advisor until his death in 1992 at the age of 73. He is remembered as one of the most talented and versatile drivers of his era.

Flinterman was born in a family with a long history of aviation, as his father was an aviation pioneer and inventor. Jan Flinterman inherited his father's passion for flying at a young age and became a licensed pilot when he was only eighteen years old. During World War II, Flinterman was a member of the Royal Netherlands Air Force and flew several combat missions against the German Luftwaffe.

After the war, Flinterman focused on his racing career and quickly established himself as a top driver in Europe. He drove for various teams and car manufacturers, including Ferrari, Porsche, and Lotus. In addition to his success at the Nürburgring 1000 KM, Flinterman also won the Dutch Grand Prix in 1952 and the Spa 24 Hours in 1954.

Flinterman's career was not without its tragedies, as he witnessed the death of several fellow drivers during races. In 1955, he was involved in a crash at the Le Mans 24 Hours that killed 84 spectators and injured more than 100 others. Flinterman survived the crash but was deeply affected by the tragedy and never forgot the victims.

After retiring from racing, Flinterman remained active in the motorsports community as a commentator and advisor. He also continued to fly and earned a reputation as an expert aerobatics pilot. Flinterman passed away in 1992 at the age of 73, leaving behind a legacy as one of the most versatile and talented drivers of his time.

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M. C. Escher

M. C. Escher (June 17, 1898 Leeuwarden-March 27, 1972 Laren, North Holland) also known as M.C. Escher, Maurits Cornelis Escher or M. C. Escher ® was a Dutch artist and visual artist. He had three children, Giorgio Arnaldo Escher, Arthur Escher and Jan Escher.

Escher is best known for his mathematically-inspired works of art that often depicted impossible constructions and tessellations. He was born into a family of civil servants and initially pursued a career in architecture, but later shifted his focus to drawing and printmaking. Despite facing some initial resistance to his art, his work gained popularity in the 1950s and 60s and continues to be widely recognized and admired today. Escher's work has been featured in numerous exhibitions and has influenced many artists across different fields. He passed away in a retirement home in the Netherlands at the age of 73.

Escher's interest in art began at an early age, and he went on to study at the School of Architecture and Decorative Arts in Haarlem, Netherlands. During his time there, he became fascinated with the intricacies of perspective and geometry, which would become a major influence on his later work.

Escher's art often explored themes of infinity, paradox, and metamorphosis, and he used a variety of mediums including lithography, woodcuts, and mezzotints. He was also well-known for his use of repetition and patterns in his work.

Escher's popularity grew throughout the latter half of the 20th century, and his work has been featured in major museums and galleries around the world. In addition to his art, he wrote and lectured extensively on the mathematics behind his creations, and was a major influence on the development of the field of mathematical art.

Today, Escher's work continues to inspire and captivate people of all ages and backgrounds, and he is widely regarded as one of the most important artists of the 20th century.

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Jacobus Oud

Jacobus Oud (February 9, 1890 Purmerend-April 5, 1963 Wassenaar) was a Dutch architect.

He was a pioneer of the modern movement in architecture, and his designs were characterized by their simplicity, functionalism, and use of new materials such as reinforced concrete and steel. Oud received his training at the Technical University of Delft and worked briefly for the architect De Bazel before joining the De Stijl group of artists and architects in 1917. In 1926, he became involved with the Congrès International d'Architecture Moderne (CIAM), an influential organization dedicated to promoting modern architecture. Oud's notable works include the Weissenhof Estate in Stuttgart, Germany, and several buildings in Rotterdam, including the Café De Unie and the Feyenoord soccer stadium. Despite his success as an architect, Oud struggled financially throughout his career and died with relatively little recognition. Today, he is recognized as an important figure in the development of modern architecture.

In addition to his architectural designs, Oud was also a prominent writer and critic on the subject. He published several articles and essays on modern architecture, advocating for the use of industrial materials and standardized construction methods. Oud's ideas were influential in shaping the direction of modern architecture in Europe, and his work with the De Stijl group and CIAM helped to establish the principles of the International Style. However, Oud also faced criticism for his rigid adherence to functionalism and lack of attention to human comfort and experience in his designs. Despite these criticisms, his legacy as a pioneer of modern architecture remains significant to this day.

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Coen Moulijn

Coen Moulijn (February 15, 1937 Rotterdam-January 4, 2011 Rotterdam) otherwise known as Coenraadt Moulijn was a Dutch personality.

Coen Moulijn was a professional football player who played as a left-winger. He spent his entire career playing for Feyenoord Rotterdam, where he became a legend and an icon for the club. Moulijn won the Eredivisie three times and the European Cup once during his time with Feyenoord. He also played 38 times for the Netherlands national team, scoring six goals. After his retirement from football, Moulijn remained involved with Feyenoord and worked as an ambassador for the club. He was known for his dribbling skills, speed, and elegance on the field, and he is widely regarded as one of the best players in Dutch football history. Moulijn passed away in 2011 at the age of 73.

Coen Moulijn started his career at Xerxes, a Rotterdam club, in 1955. He moved to Feyenoord Rotterdam three years later for a transfer fee of 13,000 Dutch guilders, which was a significant amount in those days. Moulijn was an integral part of the Feyenoord team that won the 1969–70 European Cup Final against Celtic F.C. in Milan, scoring the decisive goal of the match. He was also named the Dutch Footballer of the Year in 1965 and the Dutch Sportsman of the Year in 1970.

In addition to his successful football career, Coen Moulijn was also involved in several charitable and social projects. He established the Coen Moulijn Foundation in 1990 to support underprivileged children in Rotterdam. The foundation initiated various programs, including sports activities, art workshops, and educational courses, to provide better opportunities for children from disadvantaged backgrounds.

Coen Moulijn's life and legacy were celebrated by Feyenoord and the entire football community after his passing. The club named a street near their stadium after him, and a statue of him was erected at De Kuip, Feyenoord's home ground. He will always be remembered as a Feyenoord icon and one of the greatest football players in Dutch history.

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Ernst van den Berg

Ernst van den Berg (December 3, 1915-August 19, 1989) also known as Ernst Willem van den Berg was a Dutch personality.

He was a renowned geneticist and a pioneer in the study of plant genetics. Van den Berg received his doctorate degree in biology from the University of Amsterdam in 1945, after which he joined the staff of the University of Leiden as a researcher. His contributions to the field of genetics were fundamental, including his work on the genetic structure of plant chromosomes and the discovery of transposable genetic elements in plants. Van den Berg also served as a professor at the Wageningen Agricultural University where he trained many students who would become prominent researchers in their own right. In addition to his research, he was a respected science communicator, delivering public lectures on genetics and engaging with the general public about its significance. Van den Berg died in 1989 at the age of 73. He remains celebrated in the scientific community for his groundbreaking work in genetics.

Van den Berg's research extended to the genetics of maize and other cereal crops, and his work on chromosome numbers in maize was groundbreaking. He also made a significant contribution to the study of classical genetics, specifically in the areas of genetic mapping and gene linkage analysis. During his tenure at Wageningen, van den Berg collaborated with international researchers and played a crucial role in building up the university's plant genetics department. He was also active in scientific organizations, serving as president of the European Association for Research on Plant Breeding from 1966 to 1976. In recognition of his contributions to science, van den Berg was awarded several prestigious prizes, including the Linnean Medal (1971) and the Mendel Medal (1980). Today, his legacy is continued through the Ernst van den Berg Chair in Plant Breeding at Wageningen University.

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Bernardus Croon

Bernardus Croon (May 11, 1886-January 30, 1960) was a Dutch personality.

He was a successful businessman and entrepreneur who was known for establishing the Croon Electric company which later became one of the leading electrical engineering companies in the Netherlands. Croon was also a philanthropist who supported various charitable causes and was involved in community development projects. During World War II, he was arrested by the Nazi regime and was held in concentration camps for several years until the end of the war. After his release, he continued to work towards the betterment of society and established the Bernardus Croon Foundation to support social, cultural and educational initiatives. Croon was a respected figure in his community and was awarded several honors for his contributions to society.

Croon was born in the small town of Gouda in the Netherlands. After completing his education, he started working as an electrician and gained experience in the field. In 1911, he founded Croon Electric in the city of Rotterdam, which provided electrical engineering services to various industries. Over time, the company diversified its operations and expanded to other cities in the Netherlands. Croon was known for his innovative ideas and his ability to adapt to changing market trends. Under his leadership, Croon Electric became a leading player in the electrical engineering sector in the Netherlands.

Besides his business ventures, Croon was also actively involved in the community. He supported various social welfare and educational projects, and donated generously to charitable causes. During World War II, he was arrested by the Nazi authorities due to his resistance activities and was held in concentration camps for four years, until the war ended. Despite the difficult circumstances, Croon remained committed to his ideals and continued to inspire others with his resilience and determination.

After the war, Croon resumed his business activities and expanded his philanthropic work. He founded the Bernardus Croon Foundation to support social, cultural and educational initiatives in the Netherlands. The foundation has since supported thousands of projects and has had a significant impact on improving the lives of people in the country. Croon's legacy lives on, and he is remembered as a successful entrepreneur, a respected philanthropist, and a courageous and inspirational leader.

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Hendrick Cornelisz Vroom

Hendrick Cornelisz Vroom (April 5, 1566 Haarlem-February 4, 1640 Haarlem) a.k.a. Hendrick van Vroom was a Dutch personality. His child is Cornelis Vroom.

Hendrick Cornelisz Vroom was a prominent Dutch painter and a skilled maritime artist. He was particularly famous for his marine paintings and seascapes which feature detailed depictions of ships, boats, and other naval vessels. Vroom would draw inspiration from his own experiences at sea as well as from illustrations found in nautical manuals.

Apart from his artistic career, Vroom was also a member of the Haarlem city council and served on several important boards and committees. He was deeply involved in the defense of the city during the turbulent times of the Dutch Revolt and played a vital role in organizing the town's defenses against the Spanish occupation.

Throughout his life, Vroom remained devoted to his art and continued to paint and create until his death in 1640. Today, his works can be seen in major museums and galleries across the world, including the Rijksmuseum in Amsterdam, the Louvre in Paris, and the National Maritime Museum in London.

Vroom was born into a family of artists, and his father and grandfather were both accomplished painters. Vroom learned the fundamentals of his craft from his father and went on to study under several other renowned Dutch painters. His expertise in marine painting was highly sought after, and he received commissions from wealthy merchants and shipowners to create images of their vessels. His works were highly esteemed among art collectors and admirers, and he became one of the most prominent and respected painters of his time. In addition to his maritime works, Vroom also painted landscapes, portraits, and historical scenes. He was a master at capturing the mood and atmosphere of his subjects and imbuing them with a sense of drama and emotion.

As a civic leader and defender of Haarlem, Vroom was respected and trusted by his fellow citizens. He served on the city council for many years and was instrumental in implementing several public works projects and improvements to the city's infrastructure. He was deeply committed to his community and strove to ensure its safety and prosperity. Today, he is remembered as much for his contributions to Haarlem as he is for his artistic achievements.

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J. B. van Heutsz

J. B. van Heutsz (February 3, 1851 Coevorden-July 11, 1924 Montreux) was a Dutch personality.

He served as a colonial administrator, governor-general of the Dutch East Indies, and politician. Van Heutsz is primarily known for his role in the Dutch colonial conquest of Aceh in the early 20th century. He was appointed governor of the military expedition to Aceh in 1898 and oversaw a brutal military campaign that resulted in the eventual subjugation of Aceh in 1904. Despite criticism of his tactics, van Heutsz was widely celebrated in the Netherlands as a hero and received a number of honors and decorations. In addition to his military career, he also served as minister of the interior and was active in various social and cultural organizations. His legacy remains controversial, with some viewing him as a symbol of Dutch colonialism and imperialism, while others see him as a decisive and effective leader.

Van Heutsz was born into a family of modest means, but his talents and achievements enabled him to rise through the ranks of Dutch society. After completing his education, he began a career in the military, where he distinguished himself through acts of bravery and leadership. In later years, van Heutsz became involved in politics and held a number of high-ranking positions in the Dutch government.

Despite his military successes, van Heutsz's legacy is clouded by his role in the brutal conquest of Aceh. The campaign was marked by atrocities committed against civilians, and van Heutsz was accused of using excessive force in pursuit of victory. Some modern-day critics regard him as a symbol of Dutch colonialism and oppression, and his name has been used in protests against neo-imperialism. However, others point to his achievements in other areas, such as his work in public administration and his commitment to advancing Dutch society.

Overall, J.B. van Heutsz was a complex figure whose legacy reflects the values and attitudes of his era. While his actions in Aceh are still a source of controversy today, he remains an important historical figure in the Netherlands, and his contributions to Dutch society continue to be remembered and debated.

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G. Pels

G. Pels (April 5, 1893-April 5, 1966) was a Dutch personality.

He was best known for his contributions as a writer, journalist, and editor, particularly for his work in the Dutch newspaper, Het Vaderland. Throughout his career, Pels was recognized for his literary works and journalistic writing, and he often covered political and social issues, which garnered him a reputation as a critical thinker and commentator. In addition to his writing, Pels was also involved in various cultural and artistic organizations, such as the Dutch Association of Journalists and the Art Association Pulchri Studio. He passed away on his 73rd birthday.

Pels was born and raised in Amsterdam and received his education there. He began his career as a journalist in the early 1910s, where he worked for several newspapers and magazines. In the 1920s, Pels started to gain recognition for his literary work, which included poetry and prose. He published several collections of poetry, and his debut novel, "De Transatlantischen" (The Transatlantics), was released in 1928. While his literary career was successful, Pels continued to work in journalism, becoming an editor for Het Vaderland in 1926.

During World War II, Pels was arrested by the Nazi authorities and sent to a concentration camp in Germany. After his release in 1942, he went into hiding until the end of the war. In the post-war years, Pels resumed his career in journalism, becoming the editor-in-chief of Het Vaderland until the newspaper ceased publication in 1949.

Aside from his literary and journalistic endeavors, Pels was also an active member of several cultural and artistic organizations in the Netherlands. He was a member of the Dutch Association of Journalists, serving as its president in the 1950s. Additionally, Pels was a member of the Art Association Pulchri Studio and was involved in promoting the arts in the Netherlands.

Pels' legacy as a journalist, writer, and cultural figure in the Netherlands continues to be celebrated today. Several of his works have been reprinted in recent years, and his contributions to Dutch literature and journalism have earned him a place in the canon of Dutch intellectual history.

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Beb Bakhuys

Beb Bakhuys (April 16, 1909 Pekalongan-July 7, 1982 The Hague) was a Dutch personality.

He was a professional football player who played for several teams including HFC Haarlem where his playing style earned him the nickname "The Clown Prince of Dutch Football". Bakhuys also played for the Dutch national team, scoring a total of 28 goals in his 23 appearances. After his playing career, Bakhuys became a journalist and writer, contributing to several newspapers and authoring several books on football. He was also a strong advocate for better player rights and worked towards improving the safety and working conditions of professional football players.

Bakhuys was known for his innovative and flamboyant playing style, which included dribbling and taking risks on the field. He was often the center of attention on the field, and his antics and showmanship endeared him to fans. His fame extended beyond the football field, as he also appeared in films and commercials.

In addition to his work as a journalist and writer, Bakhuys was also active in politics. He served as a member of the Dutch Parliament from 1956 to 1963, where he advocated for greater rights and opportunities for athletes. He was also an advocate for peace and nuclear disarmament, and he participated in several protests and demonstrations for these causes.

Bakhuys's contributions to football and sports in general were recognized in his lifetime, and he was awarded several honors and awards. In 1963, he was named Officer in the Order of Orange-Nassau, a prestigious award in The Netherlands. He was also inducted into the Dutch Football Hall of Fame in 2006, recognizing his impact on the sport in the country.

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Gijsbert van Tienhoven

Gijsbert van Tienhoven (February 12, 1841 North Brabant-October 10, 1914 Bentveld) was a Dutch politician and professor.

He was a member of the Anti-Revolutionary Party and served as the Minister of Agriculture, Industry, and Trade in the cabinet of Abraham Kuyper from 1901 to 1905. Prior to his political career, van Tienhoven was a professor of zoology and comparative anatomy at the University of Utrecht. He was known for his advocacy for conservation and environmental protection, and helped establish the first national park in the Netherlands, the Hoge Veluwe National Park. Van Tienhoven also played a key role in negotiations with the United States regarding Dutch participation in the Panama Canal. In addition, he was a member of the Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences and received numerous awards for his contributions to science and politics.

Van Tienhoven was born into a wealthy family and received a privileged upbringing. He attended the University of Utrecht, where he studied natural sciences and later earned his doctorate in zoology. He soon became recognized as one of the foremost experts in his field and contributed significantly to the scientific community through his research and publications.

In addition to his academic work, van Tienhoven was also deeply involved in politics. He served as a member of parliament and was known for his progressive and liberal views. He played a key role in the adoption of various reforms, including the extension of the right to vote and social security measures.

Van Tienhoven was also a prominent philanthropist and humanitarian. He made significant contributions to various charitable causes, including efforts to combat poverty and improve living conditions for the less fortunate. He was widely respected and admired by his contemporaries for his intellect, compassion, and dedication to bettering society.

Overall, Van Tienhoven's legacy is one of great significance and lasting impact. His contributions to science, politics, and social justice helped shape the Netherlands into the prosperous and progressive nation it is today.

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William III of the Netherlands

William III of the Netherlands (February 19, 1817 Brussels-November 23, 1890 Het Loo Palace) also known as William Alexander Paul Frederick Louis was a Dutch personality. He had four children, Wilhelmina of the Netherlands, Alexander, Prince of Orange, William, Prince of Orange and Prince Maurice of the Netherlands.

William III was the King of the Netherlands and Grand Duke of Luxembourg from 1849 until his death in 1890. He ascended to the throne at the age of 32, following the death of his father, King William II. He was known for his conservative political views and his resistance to political reform. During his reign, he faced several challenges, including a revolt in Belgium and tensions with neighboring countries such as France and Germany.

William III was also a patron of the arts and sciences, and he supported the development of museums, libraries, and universities throughout the Netherlands. He was also an avid horse rider and a skilled equestrian, and he competed in several horse racing events.

Despite his many accomplishments, William III is remembered for his controversial personal life. He had extramarital affairs with several women, including a Parisian actress named Emilie Ambre, whom he was rumored to have secretly married. His wife, Queen Sophie, was aware of his affairs and reportedly endured them stoically. The couple grew distant over time, leading to speculation that they lived separate lives. When William III died in 1890, his daughter Wilhelmina succeeded him as Queen of the Netherlands.

William III was born in Brussels as the eldest son of King William II and Queen Anna Paulowna of Russia. He grew up in The Hague and received a traditional education, despite the turmoil in the Netherlands that followed the Belgian Revolution in 1830. In his youth, William III was known for his rebellious and impetuous nature and was involved in several scandals.

William III's conservatism was reflected in his political beliefs, which were strongly influenced by his father. He was skeptical of democratic reforms and opposed the expansion of voting rights, which made him unpopular with liberal politicians and supporters of democracy. During his reign, he clashed with his ministers and often dismissed them, further exacerbating tensions between the monarchy and the government.

William III's reign was also marked by tensions with neighboring countries, particularly France and Germany. He was committed to maintaining the independence of the Netherlands and Luxembourg, which he saw as essential to the security of Europe. He established a close alliance with Prussia and sought to strengthen the Netherlands' military and economic ties with other European powers.

Despite his many achievements, William III's personal life remained controversial. He was known for his numerous affairs, some of which lasted for many years. His relationship with Emilie Ambre, who was rumored to be his secret wife, was particularly scandalous. Although he never acknowledged her publicly, he paid for her expenses and provided her with a luxurious lifestyle. His affairs and his distant relationship with his wife contributed to his reputation as an unfaithful and unsympathetic husband.

William III's legacy is complex, reflecting both his accomplishments as a monarch and his flaws as a person. His conservatism and his commitment to the independence of the Netherlands and Luxembourg helped to shape the country's political and economic development, while his patronage of the arts and sciences contributed to its cultural richness. At the same time, his affairs and his strained relationship with his wife have tarnished his reputation and raised questions about his character.

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Johannes Göckel

Johannes Göckel (December 28, 1886-June 6, 1960) was a Dutch personality.

He was a pioneering cinematographer and filmmaker who contributed significantly to the early development of Dutch cinema. Göckel was born in Amsterdam and developed an early interest in film. He worked as a camera operator and then began directing short films for Dutch film companies. He was instrumental in the production of the first sound film in the Netherlands, "Willem van Oranje". In addition to his work in cinema, Göckel was a prolific stills photographer and a passionate collector of cameras. He went on to receive numerous awards for his contributions to Dutch cinema and his legacy still lives on today.

Göckel's notable works as a filmmaker include "De Dood van Pierrot" and "Koningin Elisabeth's Dagboek". He was also a prolific nature photographer and captured stunning images of Dutch landscapes, flora, and fauna. In addition, he worked on several documentaries highlighting Dutch culture and history. Göckel's talent, passion and expertise in cinematography earned him the respect and admiration of his peers. He was a founding member of the Dutch Society of Cinematographers and served as its president for several years. Göckel was known for his dedication and attention to detail, which made him a sought-after cinematographer and mentor to many aspiring filmmakers. Despite his success, he remained humble and dedicated to his work until his passing in 1960.

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Adriaen van de Venne

Adriaen van de Venne (April 5, 1589 Delft-November 12, 1662 The Hague) also known as Adriaen Pietersz van de Venne was a Dutch personality.

He was a painter, poet, and illustrator known for his satirical works that critiqued the society and politics of his time. He was a member of the Guild of Saint Luke in The Hague and was commissioned to paint various works for the Dutch royal family. In addition to his paintings, he also published several books of poetry and illustrations, including his famous emblem book "Picta Poesis." Van de Venne's work influenced other artists and writers of his time, and his legacy continues to inspire modern-day satire and social commentary.

Van de Venne was also known for his contributions to the field of printmaking, particularly in the technique of etching. His etchings often featured scenes from daily life, such as marketplaces and taverns. His work was highly sought after and his prints were widely distributed throughout Europe, especially in France and England.

In addition to his artistic pursuits, Van de Venne was also known for his political activism. He was a supporter of the House of Orange and his satirical works often targeted the Spanish and the Catholic Church, which were seen as threats to Dutch independence. His political views and outspoken nature often put him at odds with those in power, and he was ultimately forced to flee to England during the Dutch Revolt.

Despite the challenges he faced during his lifetime, Van de Venne's legacy continues to live on through his masterful works of art and his contributions to Dutch culture and society. His work remains an important influence on artists and writers today, and serves as a reminder of the power of satire to speak truth to power.

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Cornelius van Poelenburgh

Cornelius van Poelenburgh (April 5, 1594 Utrecht-August 12, 1667 Utrecht) was a Dutch artist and visual artist.

He primarily painted landscapes in a style that was influenced by Italianate painting. Though he was born in Utrecht and lived most of his life there, van Poelenburgh spent some time in Rome in the early 17th century, where he learned the Italian style of painting.

Van Poelenburgh was highly regarded as a painter during his lifetime and was a member of the Utrecht Guild of Saint Luke. He is known for his use of vivid colors and his skillful depiction of light and shadow.

In addition to his paintings, van Poelenburgh was also an accomplished draftsman and was credited with inventing a new technique for etching. He was highly respected by his peers and is considered to be one of the most influential Dutch artists of his time.

Today, van Poelenburgh's works can be found in museums and private collections around the world, including the Louvre in Paris, the Rijksmuseum in Amsterdam, and the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York City.

Van Poelenburgh's art education began with his training under Abraham Bloemaert in Utrecht. Later, he moved to Amsterdam to work with Roelandt Savery in 1617, before eventually traveling to Italy. It is said that van Poelenburgh found inspiration in the art of Raphael, Nicolas Poussin, and Claude Lorrain during this time.

Upon his return to Utrecht, van Poelenburgh became a very popular artist, producing many commissioned pieces. He also served as a teacher and mentor to young artists, including Dirck van Baburen and Jan Baptist Weenix.

Van Poelenburgh's work often featured mythological themes and figures, as well as pastoral scenes. He was known for his use of atmospheric perspective and his ability to capture the beauty of nature in his landscapes.

Despite his success during his lifetime, van Poelenburgh's name faded into obscurity in the years following his death. It wasn't until the mid-20th century that his work was rediscovered, and his importance to the development of Dutch art was recognized once again.

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Johan Schmitt

Johan Schmitt (August 31, 1881-August 12, 1955) was a Dutch personality.

He was a renowned painter, sculptor and graphic artist who is best known for his masterpieces that featured abstract forms and vivid colors. Johan Schmitt's interest in art started at a young age, and he went on to study at the Academy of Fine Arts in Amsterdam.

After completing his studies, he established himself as one of the most prominent figures in the Dutch art scene during the early 20th century. His unique style was heavily influenced by the cubist and expressionist movements of the time. He was dedicated to creating works that challenged traditional norms of representation and pushed the boundaries of artistic expression.

Apart from his artistic pursuits, Johan Schmitt was also a fierce advocate for social justice and equality, and he used his art as a platform to raise awareness about these issues. He was a member of several art groups and movements, including The Stijl, and he collaborated with many other famous artists of his time.

Johan Schmitt's legacy as one of the most innovative and influential artists of the avant-garde movement remains firmly established to this day. His works continue to inspire and challenge artists and art enthusiasts alike.

J ohan Schmitt's artistry saw him experiment with various mediums such as charcoal, paint, and ink which he used to create stunning pieces that were exhibited at notable galleries and exhibitions globally. In 1913, he received a scholarship to study in Paris, an opportunity that exposed him to pioneering artists such as Pablo Picasso, Georges Braque, and Henri Matisse, whose artistic movements of fauvism, and cubism significantly influenced his style.

During his lifetime, Johan Schmitt had several solo exhibitions, including a retrospective exhibition at the Stedelijk Museum in Amsterdam in 1946, which was one of his most significant exhibitions. He was also a recipient of several awards, including the prestigious Prix de Rome, a recognition granted to exceptional artists.

Apart from his artistic achievements, Johan Schmitt was an esteemed professor of Fine Arts at various institutions, including the Dutch State Academy, where he taught several budding artists who would later become well-known names in the art world. He is remembered as a prolific artist who was committed to the principles of modern art and social justice.

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Gijsbert Haan

Gijsbert Haan (January 3, 1801 Hilversum-July 27, 1874) was a Dutch personality.

He was a pastor, theologian, and writer who played a pivotal role in the Reformed Church in the Netherlands. Haan was a staunch defender of orthodox Calvinism and was known for his uncompromising stance on theological issues. He served as a pastor in several churches and was also a professor of theology at the University of Utrecht. Haan was a prolific writer who authored several books and articles on theology and church history. His most famous work, "De leer der kerkelijke compare" (The Doctrine of the Church's Office), is still widely read today by scholars and theologians. Haan's legacy in Dutch Christianity is significant and his contributions to the Reformed tradition are still celebrated by many today.

Haan was born in Hilversum in the province of North Holland, Netherlands. He grew up in a devout Christian family and showed a strong interest in theology from a young age. After completing his studies in theology at the University of Utrecht, he served as a pastor in several churches before being appointed as a professor of theology at his alma mater in 1842.

Haan was a vocal advocate for the strict interpretation of the Bible and the promotion of orthodox Calvinism. He was intensely critical of liberal theologians who he believed were compromising the fundamental doctrines of the Reformed Church. Haan's unwavering commitment to traditional Calvinism earned him a reputation as a controversial figure, but he remained steadfast in his beliefs until his death in 1874.

Apart from his work as a theologian and pastor, Haan was also active in the public sphere. He was a member of parliament for several years and played an influential role in shaping Dutch political and social discourse. In recognition of his many contributions to Dutch society, Haan was awarded the Order of the Netherlands Lion, the highest honor bestowed by the Dutch government.

Haan's writings continue to be studied and debated by theologians and scholars around the world, and his ideas have had a profound impact on the development of the Reformed tradition in the Netherlands and beyond. Despite the controversies that surrounded his life and work, Gijsbert Haan remains a respected figure in Dutch Christianity and a revered voice in the ongoing conversation about the role of tradition and orthodoxy in contemporary theology.

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Roelof Frankot

Roelof Frankot (November 25, 1911 Meppel-December 1, 1984 Raalte) was a Dutch photographer.

Frankot was a self-taught photographer, best known for his black and white photographs of Dutch landscapes, urban scenes, and people. He began taking photographs in the 1930s and quickly gained recognition for his unique style. His work often featured stark contrasts and geometric shapes, resulting in striking and memorable images.

In addition to his photography, Frankot was also a skilled painter and graphic designer. He worked as an art teacher for many years, inspiring a generation of artists in his home country.

Throughout his career, Frankot remained committed to his craft and continued to experiment with new techniques and ideas. His work has been exhibited in numerous galleries and museums around the world, and is widely recognized as an important contribution to the field of photography. Today, he is remembered as one of the most influential photographers of his generation.

Frankot's passion for photography was not limited to just mastering the technical aspects. He was also highly interested in the social commentary that could be woven into his images. This led him to travel extensively throughout the Netherlands, capturing the everyday lives of his fellow citizens in a way that was both honest and empathetic. He was particularly known for his images of the working class, which tended to focus on their struggles and the dignity in their labor.

Frankot's paintings were equally impressive and often featured bold colors and abstract shapes. While he predominantly worked with oils, he also experimented with other mediums such as ink and watercolor. Many of his paintings were influenced by his travels, and he often sought to capture the essence of the landscapes and cultures he encountered.

Despite his success as an artist, Frankot remained humble and committed to helping others. Throughout his career, he served as a mentor and teacher to many emerging artists, encouraging them to find their own unique voice and style. He firmly believed that art could be a transformative tool for social change and used his work to advocate for a more just and equal society.

Today, Roelof Frankot's legacy lives on through his beautiful and thought-provoking works of art, as well as the countless individuals he inspired throughout his life.

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Cornelis Berkhouwer

Cornelis Berkhouwer (March 19, 1919 Alkmaar-October 5, 1992) was a Dutch politician.

He served as a member of the House of Representatives and a member of the European Parliament. Berkhouwer was a member of the People's Party for Freedom and Democracy, and held various leadership positions within the party. He was known for his advocacy of European integration and his work on issues related to international trade. Outside of politics, Berkhouwer was a professor of international law and served on the board of several organizations related to economics and international relations.

Additionally, Berkhouwer played a significant role in drafting the 1957 Treaty of Rome, which established the European Economic Community. He also served as the President of the European Movement from 1965 to 1969, further cementing his influence in the European integration movement. Berkhouwer's accomplishments in politics and international relations earned him several honors, including the Grand Cross of the Order of Orange-Nassau and the title of Commander of the Legion of Honour. After his retirement from politics, he continued to write and speak about issues related to European integration until his passing in 1992.

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Willem van de Velde the Younger

Willem van de Velde the Younger (December 18, 1633 Leiden-April 6, 1707 Greenwich) a.k.a. Willem van de Velde, II was a Dutch personality.

He was a painter of maritime scenes and a skilled marine artist, following in the footsteps of his father, Willem van de Velde the Elder. The father and son duo are considered as one of the most famous and influential Dutch seascape painters of the seventeenth century. They worked in the service of the Dutch Republic navy, the English King James II, and later for William III of Orange. Their works are known for their realistic depiction of ships and seascapes and have been regarded as important historical documents of naval warfare in the Dutch Golden Age. Additionally, Willem van de Velde the Younger was appointed as the official artist of the Royal Navy in England in 1677, where he served for the rest of his life, alongside his son, Willem van de Velde III.

During his prolific career, Willem van de Velde the Younger produced over a thousand drawings and paintings of sea battles, naval expeditions, and ceremonies. He was highly sought after by prominent naval officers and aristocrats of his time, who commissioned him to create highly detailed and accurate portrayals of their vessels. His works were widely distributed and well-received by the public, contributing to his popularity and acclaim. In addition to his artistic achievements, van de Velde was known for his talent as a sailor and navigator, having grown up in a family of seafarers. This firsthand experience allowed him to accurately capture the complexity and dynamics of naval warfare in his paintings. Today, his works can be found in major museums and private collections around the world, including the National Maritime Museum in Greenwich, the Rijksmuseum in Amsterdam, and the Louvre in Paris.

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