Famous musicians died when they were 65

Here are 29 famous musicians from the world died at 65:

Eric Wallace

Eric Wallace (July 16, 1938-April 28, 2004 Carlisle, Cumbria) was an English personality.

Eric Wallace was best known for his work on British television, particularly as the creator and writer of the popular TV series "The Bill". He also worked as a writer and script editor on other notable British TV shows, including "Softly, Softly" and "Z Cars". Prior to his successful career in television, Wallace worked as a police officer in the Lancashire Constabulary. He drew upon his own experiences as a police officer to create realistic, gritty storylines for "The Bill". Wallace's contributions to British television have had a lasting impact and have influenced numerous other police procedural shows.

In addition to his work in television, Eric Wallace was also a prolific author. He wrote several crime novels, including "Travelling Light" and "The Shooting Gallery", which were well received by critics and readers alike. Wallace was praised for his ability to create complex and interesting characters, as well as for his attention to detail and authenticity. In recognition of his contributions to both literature and television, Wallace was awarded the Edgar Allan Poe Award by the Mystery Writers of America in 1981. Despite his success, Wallace remained humble and dedicated to his craft throughout his career. He is remembered as a talented writer and creator who made significant contributions to British culture and entertainment.

Eric Wallace's legacy in British television was not only limited to his critically acclaimed shows and novels but also to the mentoring of aspiring writers. He served as a mentor to many young writers throughout his career, including Lynda La Plante, who went on to create the popular TV show "Prime Suspect".

Wallace's love for writing began at an early age, and he was an avid reader of mystery and crime novels. After working for the police force, he began writing crime stories based on his observations of real-life events, which eventually led to his success as a writer and TV producer.

In addition to his work as a writer and producer, Wallace was also involved in various charity organizations, including the NSPCC, for which he helped organize events and fundraisers.

Eric Wallace's influence on British television and literature continues to this day, with shows like "Line of Duty" and "Broadchurch" reflecting his gritty and realistic approach to police dramas. He is remembered as a pioneering force in British entertainment, whose impact will be felt for years to come.

He died caused by cancer.

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Ernest Lapointe

Ernest Lapointe (October 6, 1876 Québec-November 26, 1941) was a Canadian lawyer.

He is best known for his tenure as the Minister of Justice and the Minister of Marine and Fisheries under Prime Minister Mackenzie King. Lapointe was a respected and influential figure in Canadian politics during his time, and he played an instrumental role in shaping important policies and legislation. As a lawyer, he was known for his exceptional legal skills and his ability to defend his clients in court. Lapointe was also a staunch advocate for the French-speaking community in Canada and worked tirelessly to ensure their rights were protected. He was awarded the Order of the British Empire in 1935 in recognition of his contributions to public life. His legacy continues to be felt today, and he remains an important figure in Canadian history.

In addition to his work in politics, Ernest Lapointe was also a skilled orator and was known for his powerful speeches in both French and English. He was seen as a unifying figure within the Liberal Party and played a key role in keeping the party together during challenging times. Lapointe's influence extended beyond his political career, and he was a mentor to many young lawyers, including a young Pierre Elliott Trudeau, who later became Canada's prime minister. Lapointe was also a philanthropist, and he donated generously to educational institutions and hospitals. Despite suffering from ill health in his later years, Lapointe remained active in politics until his death in 1941. Today, he is remembered as one of Canada's great statesmen and a champion for the rights of French-speaking Canadians.

Ernest Lapointe was born in a family with a long history of involvement in Canadian politics. His father was a member of the Legislative Assembly of Quebec, and his brother was a member of the Canadian House of Commons. Lapointe studied law at Laval University and later became a member of the Quebec Bar. He was known for his passion for politics, and he ran for a seat in the Canadian House of Commons in 1904 under the Liberal Party banner but was unsuccessful.

However, Lapointe's political career gained momentum in 1917 when Prime Minister Mackenzie King appointed him as his chief Quebec lieutenant. Lapointe's solid grounding in the law and his fluency in both French and English made him a valuable asset to the Liberal Party, which was seeking to unite the country's French- and English-speaking populations. Lapointe's work in Quebec and his support for Quebec during the Conscription Crisis of 1917 cemented his standing as a trusted and respected figure within the party.

Lapointe was appointed to the Cabinet in 1921 as the Minister of Marine and Fisheries. His work in this role helped modernize Canada's fishing industry and ensured that it remained a vital part of the country's economy. In 1924, Lapointe was promoted to the position of Minister of Justice and made significant contributions to Canada's legal system. One of his major accomplishments was the introduction of the Canadian Bill of Rights in 1931.

Throughout his career, Lapointe remained a strong advocate for Quebec and the rights of the French-speaking community in Canada. He played a leading role in the negotiations that led to the signing of the Canadian Constitution in 1982, which recognized the Quebecois as a distinct society.

Ernest Lapointe's contributions to Canadian politics and the legal system are still recognized today. The Ernest Lapointe Award, established in 1967, honors outstanding achievements and contributions by members of the legal profession in Quebec.

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John Flanagan

John Flanagan (January 9, 1873 Ireland-June 3, 1938 Kilmallock) a.k.a. John Joseph Flanagan was an American athlete and police officer.

He is considered one of the greatest hammer throwers of all time, having won three Olympic gold medals for the event. Flanagan also set multiple world records during his career.

After retiring from athletics, Flanagan became a police officer in New York City, serving for over 20 years. He was known for his bravery and dedication to his job, earning multiple commendations for his service.

In addition to his sporting and law enforcement achievements, Flanagan was also a skilled artist and musician. He played the piano and violin, and his artwork was widely praised for its quality and originality.

Flanagan's legacy as an athlete and public servant has endured long after his death, with his accomplishments inspiring generations of athletes and law enforcement officers.

Flanagan was born in County Limerick, Ireland, and immigrated to the United States with his parents at the age of four. He grew up in Massachusetts and began his athletic career as a member of the Boston Athletic Association. Flanagan's dominance in the hammer throw started in the early 1900s, with his first Olympic gold medal coming in 1900 in Paris. He went on to win two more gold medals at the 1904 and 1908 Olympics, setting a world record in the event in 1909 that stood for over a decade.

Outside of his athletic career and police work, Flanagan was also active in Irish-American organizations, serving as a member of the Ancient Order of Hibernians and supporting the Irish nationalist cause. He was also a devout Catholic and a member of the Knights of Columbus.

Flanagan's death in 1938 was mourned by many, both for his sporting achievements and his service to the community as a police officer. He was posthumously inducted into the United States Track and Field Hall of Fame in 1974. His hammer throw technique, known as the "Flanagan style," continued to be used by athletes well into the 20th century.

Flanagan’s family had a background in farming and he helped his family with farming duties as a child. He later worked in a factory, where he started lifting weights to build up his strength. This led him to join the Boston Athletic Association, where he started training under Irish-American athlete Mike Murphy. Flanagan was known for his dedication and rigorous training, which helped him become one of the most dominant athletes of his time. He also developed and popularized the “glide” technique for hammer throwing, which involved spinning before releasing the hammer.

Flanagan’s accomplishments as an athlete and police officer were celebrated during his lifetime. He was honored with parades and banquets in his honor, and his name became synonymous with excellence and patriotism. His legacy continues to inspire people today, with Flanagan serving as a reminder of the power of dedication, hard work, and service to the community.

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Chikuhei Nakajima

Chikuhei Nakajima (January 1, 1884 Nitta District, Gunma-October 10, 1949) was a Japanese politician.

He served as the Minister of Finance from 1936 to 1937 and then as the Minister of Commerce and Industry in 1939. He advocated for the development of the aviation industry in Japan and supported the establishment of Nakajima Aircraft Company, which later became one of the country's leading aircraft manufacturers. During World War II, he was a member of the Supreme War Council and played a key role in Japan's economic and industrial mobilization efforts. After the war, he was arrested by the Allied forces and held in Sugamo Prison until his death in 1949.

Nakajima was a member of the Rikken Seiyūkai political party and was elected to the Lower House of the Diet of Japan in 1915. He was known for his strong views on economic nationalism and his support for the military. In addition to his role as a politician, he was also a successful businessman, having founded several companies including Nippon Sangyo, which focused on real estate and finance.

Nakajima was a purveyor of modernization in Japan and pushed for the modernization of the country's infrastructure and industry. He was a key figure in promoting the use of the automobile and advocated for its production in Japan. His contributions to the aviation industry earned him the nickname "the father of Japanese aviation".

Despite his achievements, Nakajima's legacy was tarnished due to his support of Japan's militaristic policies in the 1930s and 1940s. He was implicated in war crimes and accused of having been involved in the establishment of forced labor camps in Japan. His arrest and detention by the Allied forces was seen as a significant event in the post-war era and had a profound impact on Japan's political landscape.

During his tenure as Minister of Commerce and Industry, Nakajima was regarded as one of Japan's most powerful industrialists. He played a key role in establishing Japan's heavy industries, such as iron and steel, and was a staunch supporter of Japan's imperialistic expansion in Asia. In addition to his political and business endeavors, Nakajima was also a prolific writer and authored several books on economics and industry.

Despite his controversial legacy, Nakajima continues to be admired by some in Japan for his contributions to the country's development and modernization. He is often cited as an example of how politics and business can work together to achieve economic growth and prosperity. Today, the Nakajima Aircraft Company he helped establish is remembered as a pioneer in Japan's aviation industry and remains a symbol of the country's technological progress.

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John R. Neill

John R. Neill (November 12, 1877 Philadelphia-September 13, 1943) also known as John Neill or John Rea Neill was an American writer.

More specifically, John R. Neill was an American illustrator and cartoonist, primarily known for his work on the Oz series of books by L. Frank Baum. Neill illustrated many of the later Oz books and eventually wrote and illustrated three Oz books himself. He also illustrated other children's books, comic strips, and advertising artwork. Neill began his career as an artist in Philadelphia and later moved to New York City, where he worked for several newspapers and magazines before eventually becoming a full-time illustrator for the Oz books. Neill's illustrations are known for their detailed and whimsical style, and many of his character designs for the Oz books have become iconic.

Neill received his early art training from his father, who was a painter and engraver, and later studied at the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts. As a young artist, Neill worked for several Philadelphia newspapers and magazines, illustrating stories, advertisements, and political cartoons. In 1904, he moved to New York City and began working for the New York Herald, where he illustrated many of their Sunday supplement comics.

In 1907, Neill was recruited by L. Frank Baum to illustrate the third book in the Oz series, "Ozma of Oz". Neill went on to illustrate several more books in the series, including "Dorothy and the Wizard in Oz" and "The Road to Oz". Neill's illustrations for the Oz books were highly detailed and imaginative, and he was praised for his ability to bring Baum's fantastical world to life.

In addition to his work on the Oz books, Neill also illustrated many other children's books, including "The Sea Fairies" and "The Sky Island" by Baum, and "The Wonder City of Oz" and "The Scalawagons of Oz", which he wrote and illustrated himself. Neill also created several comic strips, including "Fairylogue and Radio-Plays" and "The Little Scarecrow Boy".

Despite his success as an illustrator and writer, Neill struggled with financial difficulties throughout his life. He passed away in 1943 at the age of 65, but his illustrations for the Oz books continue to inspire and delight readers to this day.

One interesting fact about John R. Neill is that he was responsible for coining the phrase "The Merry Old Land of Oz" in his illustrations for Baum's book "The Road to Oz". The phrase has since become synonymous with the Oz series and is often used in adaptations and references to the books.

Another notable achievement of Neill is that he contributed to the development of early animation. In the early 1910s, Neill created a series of animated cartoons using a technique called the "flicker book", in which a sequence of images is printed on a stack of cards and flipped to create the illusion of motion. His cartoons were shown in theaters as part of a vaudeville act called "Fairylogue and Radio-Plays" and were some of the earliest examples of animation in American cinema.

Today, Neill's illustrations for the Oz books are highly sought after by collectors and his contributions to the world of children's literature and animation continue to be celebrated.

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John Ponsonby, 4th Earl of Bessborough

John Ponsonby, 4th Earl of Bessborough (August 31, 1781-May 16, 1847 Dublin) was a British personality. His children are called Frederick Ponsonby, 6th Earl of Bessborough, Walter Ponsonby, 7th Earl of Bessborough and John Ponsonby, 5th Earl of Bessborough.

John Ponsonby was a prominent politician and statesman who served as a member of parliament for several constituencies throughout his career. He was known for his eloquent speeches and strong support of Whig policies, in particular his advocacy for Catholic Emancipation. Ponsonby also served as Lord Lieutenant of Ireland from 1844 to 1846, during which time he worked to improve the conditions of the Irish people and promote religious tolerance. In addition to his political achievements, Ponsonby was a devoted family man and had a reputation for his kindness and generosity toward others. Today, he is remembered as an important figure in British history and a champion of progressive values.

During his political career, John Ponsonby served as Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster and President of the Board of Control. He was also a member of the Privy Council and acted as the chief opposition spokesman on foreign affairs for several years. His efforts to support Catholic Emancipation, which resulted in the Catholic Relief Act of 1829, earned him widespread praise and admiration.

Aside from his political accomplishments, Ponsonby was also known for his love of the arts and his patronage of literature. He was a close friend of renowned writers such as Sir Walter Scott and Lord Byron, and also had a keen interest in music and opera.

Following his death in 1847, John Ponsonby was mourned by many in both Ireland and England, where he was widely respected for his dedication to public service and his efforts to promote social justice. Today, he is remembered as an important figure in 19th century British politics and a champion of progressive values.

In addition to his political and cultural achievements, John Ponsonby also had a successful military career. He served as a major in the British Army during the Peninsular War and was present at the Battle of Waterloo, where he distinguished himself for his bravery. Later in life, he became a major-general and was appointed Master of the Horse to Queen Victoria in 1837.

John Ponsonby also had a significant impact on the world of sports. He was a leading figure in the development of horse racing in Ireland and was a founder member of the Turf Club, which regulated the sport. He was also instrumental in the construction of the Curragh Racecourse, which remains one of Ireland's most important racing venues.

Despite his many achievements, John Ponsonby's personal life was not without its tragedies. His wife, Lady Maria Ponsonby, died in 1836 at the age of 35, leaving him devastated. He also suffered the loss of several of his children, including his eldest son and heir, who died in a riding accident in 1832.

Today, John Ponsonby is remembered as a man of many talents and accomplishments, who dedicated his life to public service and the pursuit of social justice. His legacy continues to inspire people around the world to work towards a better future for all.

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R. Gregg Cherry

R. Gregg Cherry (October 17, 1891 South Carolina-June 25, 1957 Gastonia) was an American personality.

He was a politician who served as the 72nd Governor of North Carolina from 1945 to 1949. During his tenure as the Governor, he made significant contributions to the state's infrastructure and educational system. He also supported the civil rights movement and worked towards ending segregation in the state. Prior to becoming Governor, he served in World War I and worked as a successful businessman. Cherry was known for his charismatic personality and ability to connect with people from all backgrounds. After his time in office, he remained active in politics and continued to work towards bettering his community until his death in 1957.

Cherry began his political career as a member of the North Carolina House of Representatives in 1921, and later served in the State Senate from 1925 to 1929. During his time in the State Senate, he was responsible for introducing the state's first gasoline tax, which helped finance the construction of roads and highways throughout the state.

Cherry's contributions to the state's educational system included increasing the number of schools and teachers, as well as providing teacher salary increases. He also created the North Carolina Medical Care Commission to improve healthcare across the state.

In addition to his service as Governor, Cherry also served as the Chairman of the National Governors Association from 1948 to 1949.

Cherry's commitment to civil rights was particularly notable in a time when segregation was prevalent in the South. He appointed African Americans to state positions, integrated the North Carolina Democratic Party, and lobbied for anti-discrimination laws. Cherry's actions helped pave the way for future civil rights progress in North Carolina.

Overall, Cherry's legacy in North Carolina is one of progress and inclusive leadership. He worked tirelessly to improve the state's infrastructure, education system, and civil rights, leaving a lasting impact on the people of North Carolina.

Cherry's commitment to public service began even before his political career. He served in World War I as a Captain in the 81st Division and received the Silver Star for gallantry in action. After his military service, he started a successful textile business, which allowed him to gain valuable experience in management and finance. His business acumen proved useful when it came to managing the state's finances while in office.

Cherry's personal life was marked by tragedy when his wife died in a car accident in 1948. He was left to raise their two young children on his own, but he managed to balance his family responsibilities with his duties as Governor.

After leaving office, Cherry continued to be involved in politics and remained a popular public figure. In 1952, he ran for the US Senate, but lost the election. However, he didn't let the defeat discourage him and continued to support the Democratic Party's efforts in North Carolina.

Cherry's contributions to developing North Carolina as a modern and progressive state continue to be celebrated and remembered to this day. His dedication to public service and his efforts towards advancing civil rights helped shape the state's political and social landscape for years to come.

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Edward Shepherd Creasy

Edward Shepherd Creasy (September 12, 1812 Bexley-January 17, 1878) also known as Edward Creasy or Sir Edward Shepherd Creasy was a British personality.

He was a historian and jurist, best known for his influential book "The Fifteen Decisive Battles of the World". Creasy was born in Bexley, Kent, England, and educated at Eton College and King's College, Cambridge. After completing his studies, he became a professor of history at the University of London and a judge in the city of civil law. Apart from his academic work and legal career, Creasy also served as a Member of Parliament for the borough of Bodmin.

"The Fifteen Decisive Battles of the World" was his most famous work, in which he highlighted the battles that had a significant impact on world history. The book was published in 1851 and went on to become a bestseller in its time. Creasy followed his initial triumph with a long string of publications, including histories of the Ottoman Empire, Persian and Turkish revolts, and a biographical work on the Duke of Marlborough.

Edward Creasy died in 1878 in London at the age of 65. His contributions to the fields of history and law helped shape the way knowledge is organized and understood today.

Creasy's fascination with history began in his youth, and he continued to pursue this passion throughout his life. He wrote several scholarly works on various subjects, including law, politics, and military history. His book "The Fifteen Decisive Battles of the World" remains popular to this day and has been translated into several languages. It is considered one of the most influential works on military history ever written.

Aside from his academic work, Creasy was also a prominent figure in British politics. He was a vocal advocate for democracy and civil liberties and served as a Member of Parliament for several years. He was also involved in various public organizations and movements, including the Anti-Slavery Society and the Royal Historical Society.

Despite his many accomplishments, Creasy's contributions to the field of history were not fully appreciated during his lifetime. It was only after his death that his work began to gain wider recognition, and he is now considered one of the most important British historians of the 19th century.

Creasy's impact on the field of history extends beyond his written works. As a professor at the University of London and a judge in the city of civil law, he helped shape the education and legal system of his time. He was a proponent of the idea that history should be studied not just for the sake of knowledge but also to inform and improve society. Creasy's dedication to this idea is evident in his many writings, which seek to connect the past with the present and offer insights into the workings of society.

In addition to his scholarly pursuits, Creasy was also a devout Christian and was very involved in the church. He served as a lay reader at St. Paul's Cathedral in London and was deeply committed to the advancement of the Christian faith. He believed that history played a crucial role in furthering this cause and often used his writing to offer moral lessons and to inspire his readers to live more virtuous lives.

To honor his contributions to the field of history, the University of London established the Creasy Chair of History, which is still in existence today. Additionally, his legacy has been celebrated in various ways, including the creation of the Creasy Gardens in Bexley, which were named in his honor. Today, Creasy remains an influential figure in the field of history, known for his groundbreaking work on world-changing battles and his steadfast commitment to education and the betterment of society.

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Edward D. Kelly

Edward D. Kelly (December 30, 1860-March 26, 1926) also known as Father Edward Kelly was an American personality.

He was a Roman Catholic priest who served as the president of Loyola University Chicago from 1900 to 1906. During his tenure, he oversaw the expansion of the university's campus and the introduction of new academic programs. After leaving Loyola, he became the pastor of the Church of the Holy Name in Chicago, which he transformed into one of the largest and most prominent parishes in the country. He was also involved in social and political issues, advocating for the rights of laborers and immigrants. Kelly was widely regarded as a charismatic and energetic leader, and his legacy in Chicago's Catholic community continues to this day.

In addition to his contributions to Catholic education and social justice, Edward D. Kelly was also known for his involvement in Chicago politics. He served as a member of the Chicago City Council from 1908 to 1914, representing the city's 7th ward. During his time on the council, he advocated for workers' rights and publicly clashed with powerful business interests in the city. He was also known for his support of cultural organizations, including the Chicago Symphony Orchestra and the Art Institute of Chicago. After his death, he was honored with a funeral mass at Holy Name Cathedral, attended by thousands of mourners, including many prominent political and religious figures.

Kelly was born in County Limerick, Ireland, to a family of farmers. He emigrated to the United States as a young man and worked as a laborer before deciding to become a priest. He studied at St. Mary of the Lake Seminary in Mundelein, Illinois, and was ordained in 1889. He quickly rose through the ranks of the Catholic Church, becoming known for his dynamic preaching and his commitment to social justice.

As president of Loyola University, Kelly oversaw the construction of a new administration building, a gymnasium, and a science hall, and he helped to establish several new academic departments, including a law school and a school of commerce. Under his leadership, the university's enrollment grew significantly, and its reputation as a center of Catholic education was cemented.

After leaving Loyola, Kelly continued to be a prominent figure in the Chicago Catholic community. He transformed the Church of the Holy Name into a center of worship and community outreach, and he was known for his advocacy on behalf of workers and immigrants. In addition to his work in politics and education, he was also a prolific writer and speaker, penning numerous articles and delivering countless lectures on topics ranging from Catholic theology to social reform.

Kelly's legacy continues to be felt in Chicago today. The Edward D. Kelly Memorial Building at Loyola University bears his name, as do several other buildings and institutions throughout the city. His commitment to social justice and his passion for education continue to inspire people of all faiths and backgrounds.

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Roger Rousseau

Roger Rousseau (February 6, 1921 Trois-Pistoles-September 26, 1986 Ottawa) was a Canadian personality.

He was a renowned musician, composer, conductor and teacher, who dedicated his life to promoting and celebrating Canadian classical music. Rousseau started playing the violin at a young age, and went on to study music at the Conservatoire de musique du Québec à Trois-Rivières, and later at the Conservatoire de musique du Québec à Montréal.

In 1946, Rousseau joined the CBC Radio orchestra in Montreal, and became a frequent performer and conductor on its shows. He was also a founding member of the Montreal String Quartet, which performed extensively across Canada and the United States. In addition, he composed and arranged music for film, television and theatre productions, and earned critical acclaim for his unique and innovative style.

As a teacher, Rousseau was highly respected and sought after, and taught at several universities and music schools, including the University of Ottawa and the Conservatoire de musique du Québec à Montréal. He was also a strong advocate for Canadian composers and performers, and played a significant role in establishing the Canadian Music Centre in Ottawa.

Throughout his career, Rousseau received numerous awards and honours, including the Order of Canada in 1976, and the Prix Calixa-Lavallée in 1984. Despite his many achievements, he remained humble and dedicated to his craft, and is remembered as one of the most influential figures in Canadian classical music.

In addition to his work as a musician and teacher, Roger Rousseau was also a prolific writer and commentator on Canadian music. He wrote several books and articles on the subject, and was a regular contributor to CBC Radio's "Music of Today" program. Rousseau was particularly passionate about promoting the work of Canadian composers, and was instrumental in bringing their music to a wider audience both in Canada and abroad.

Throughout his life, Rousseau also worked tirelessly to support and mentor younger musicians, and was known for his generosity and kindness. Many of his former students went on to successful careers in music, and remember him fondly for his warmth, humor, and unwavering dedication to his craft.

Today, Roger Rousseau's legacy lives on through the countless musicians and composers he inspired and influenced over the course of his remarkable career. His contributions to the Canadian classical music scene continue to be celebrated and recognized, as musicians and audiences alike continue to discover and appreciate his music.

Rousseau's dedication to promoting and celebrating Canadian classical music did not end with his passing. In 1991, the Roger Rousseau Ensemble was founded in his memory, with the mission of performing and promoting works by Canadian composers. The ensemble consists of Canadian musicians from various backgrounds and has been praised for its unique and innovative programming. In addition, the Roger Rousseau Fund was established at the University of Ottawa to support music students in their studies and performances.

Rousseau's impact on Canadian classical music is still felt today, as his music and legacy continue to inspire new generations of musicians and composers. His passion and love for Canadian music helped bring it to the forefront of the classical music world, and his influence will continue to be felt for years to come.

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Kenji Doihara

Kenji Doihara (August 8, 1883 Okayama Prefecture-December 23, 1948 Tokyo) was a Japanese personality.

Kenji Doihara was a military officer and a diplomat who played a significant role in Japan's military expansion leading up to World War II. He was known for his involvement in the Mukden Incident in 1931, which was a staged event used as a pretext for the Japanese invasion of Manchuria.

Doihara also served as the head of the intelligence unit in Manchukuo, a puppet state established by Japan in northeastern China. He was later accused of war crimes for his involvement in the torture and execution of Chinese prisoners during the war.

After Japan's surrender in 1945, Doihara was arrested by the Allied forces and put on trial for his war crimes. He was found guilty and sentenced to death by hanging, which was carried out in 1948.

Doihara's nickname was "Lawrence of Manchuria" due to his involvement in the creation and governance of the puppet state. He was known for his cunning and manipulation, and was often referred to as the "Devil of Harbin". Doihara started his career as a military officer and served in the Russo-Japanese War before becoming a diplomat. He was later sent to China and began his involvement in espionage and intelligence gathering.

During World War II, Doihara was sent to Southeast Asia to control the Japanese occupation of the area. He was later appointed as the Chief of the General Staff's intelligence division, where he was responsible for planning military operations. Despite his involvement in war crimes and his reputation as a skilled manipulator, Doihara remained a respected figure within the Japanese military.

Doihara's name was included in the list of Class A war criminals who were to be prosecuted for war crimes by the International Military Tribunal for the Far East. He was found guilty of crimes against peace, including conspiracy to wage wars of aggression, and crimes against humanity, including the abuse and murder of prisoners of war and civilians. His execution in 1948 marked the end of a chapter in Japanese history that was marked by militarism, expansionism, and atrocities committed against innocent people.

In addition to his military and diplomatic career, Kenji Doihara was also a prolific writer. He authored several books on Japan's foreign policy and military strategy, including "The Tale of the Han River," which chronicled his experiences in Manchuria, and "Japan in the World," which argued for a more aggressive foreign policy. Doihara was also known for his love of poetry and calligraphy, and was considered a talented artist.

Despite his role in Japan's militarism and his subsequent conviction for war crimes, Doihara remains a controversial figure in Japan. Some view him as a noble patriot who acted in the best interests of his country, while others see him as a ruthless war criminal who brought shame and suffering upon Japan. His legacy continues to be debated in Japan and around the world.

He died as a result of hanging.

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Charles Emory Smith

Charles Emory Smith (February 18, 1842 Mansfield-January 19, 1908 Philadelphia) was an American politician.

He served as the 36th United States Postmaster General from 1898 to 1902, and was also a journalist and newspaper editor. Smith began his journalism career as a reporter for the Mansfield Herald before eventually becoming the editor of the Philadelphia Press. He was also a correspondent for several other newspapers and covered significant events such as the Spanish-American War. Smith was known for his support of the Republican party and his advocacy for civil service reform. In addition to his political and journalistic contributions, Smith also authored several books on political topics.

One of Smith's notable achievements during his tenure as Postmaster General was the implementation of Rural Free Delivery, a service that made mail delivery to rural areas more efficient and accessible. He also worked to improve the overall efficiency of the postal service, and oversaw the modernization of postal facilities and equipment. After leaving his political career, Smith continued to work as a journalist, writing for several publications including the Philadelphia North American and the New York Tribune. He was known for his advocacy for the building of the Panama Canal, and after its completion, he traveled to the canal zone and wrote extensively about its construction and operation. Smith was also active in various civic organizations, including the Pennsylvania Society and the Union League of Philadelphia.

Smith was born in Mansfield, Connecticut, in 1842. He graduated from Yale University in 1861 and then served as a lieutenant in the Union Army during the Civil War. After the war, he worked as a reporter for several newspapers and gradually rose through the ranks to become editor of the Philadelphia Press.

During his time as Postmaster General, Smith oversaw significant changes in the postal service, including the introduction of new technology and improved transportation methods. He also worked to reduce corruption and increase transparency in the postal service, earning praise from many reformers.

In addition to his political contributions, Smith was a prolific writer and author. He wrote several books on political topics, including a history of the Republican party called "The Republican Party: Its History, Principles, and Policies." He was also a strong advocate for civil service reform, recognizing the importance of merit-based hiring and promotion in government positions.

Throughout his life, Smith remained actively engaged in public affairs and was widely respected for his intellectual rigor and commitment to public service. He died in Philadelphia in 1908, leaving behind a legacy of political and journalistic achievement.

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Abel Servien

Abel Servien (November 1, 1593-February 17, 1659 Château de Meudon) was a French personality.

He served as a diplomat and a minister in the French government during the reign of Louis XIII. Servien played a vital role in negotiating the Peace of Westphalia, which ended the Thirty Years War in Europe. He also conducted several successful diplomatic missions to Sweden and Germany, and played a crucial role in bringing Sweden into the war against Germany.

As a minister, Servien was known for his financial acumen and administrative skills. He was responsible for the creation of the system of intendants, which were royal officials appointed to oversee the administration of France's provinces. Under his leadership, France's finances were reorganized and the economy was revitalized.

Servien was also a patron of the arts, and he employed several prominent writers and artists during his time in government. He was a collector of fine art and was known for his extensive library, which contained numerous rare and valuable manuscripts.

Despite his many accomplishments, Servien fell out of favor with Louis XIV and was dismissed from government in 1654. He retired to his estate at Meudon where he continued to collect and patronize the arts until his death in 1659.

During his time as a diplomat, Abel Servien was also instrumental in securing a marriage alliance between King Louis XIII and Anne of Austria, the daughter of King Philip III of Spain. This marriage played a key role in bringing about the end of the Franco-Spanish War.

Servien was born in the town of Grenoble in southeastern France to a noble family. He began his career as a lawyer and was later appointed as the governor of Île-de-France, a region in central France. He became a close advisor to Cardinal Richelieu, the chief minister of France, and was appointed as the French ambassador to Sweden in 1630.

In addition to his diplomatic and administrative work, Servien was also an advocate for the expansion of French territory. He played a key role in the acquisition of the Duchy of Bar in northeastern France and was later appointed as the governor of the province of Languedoc.

Servien was known for his sharp intellect, his keen sense of diplomacy, and his ability to work across different cultures and languages. His contributions to French diplomacy and government administration helped to lay the groundwork for the centralized, bureaucratic state that would emerge later under Louis XIV.

As a patron of the arts, Abel Servien was particularly interested in literature and theatre. He was responsible for establishing the French Academy in Rome, an institution that aimed to promote the study of the arts and culture of ancient Rome. He was also a supporter of the playwright Pierre Corneille, commissioning several of his works and ensuring their success on stage.

In addition to his accomplishments in the political and cultural arenas, Servien was also beloved by his family and friends for his personal qualities. He was known for his wit, his generosity, and his love of good food and wine. He was married twice and had several children, one of whom, Jean Servien, became a prominent advisor to Louis XIV.

Despite his falling out of favor with Louis XIV, Abel Servien's legacy continued to be celebrated in France. He was the subject of several biographies and his name was commemorated in the naming of several streets and public places in Paris and other cities throughout France. Today, he is remembered as one of the most important figures of the early modern period in France, whose contributions helped to shape the country's political and cultural landscape.

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John Page

John Page (April 28, 1743 Gloucester County-October 11, 1808 Richmond) was an American politician.

He was a signer of the United States Declaration of Independence and served as the Governor of Virginia from 1802-1805. Page was a wealthy planter who owned several plantations in Virginia and was a staunch advocate for American independence from British rule. He served as a delegate to the Continental Congress from 1774-1779 and later became a member of the Virginia House of Delegates. Throughout his career, Page was a strong supporter of education and worked to improve public schools in Virginia. He also played an important role in the development of the Virginia State Library and was a founder of both the American Philosophical Society and the Virginia Historical Society. Despite his many accomplishments, Page remained a humble man who lived a simple life and was highly respected by his peers.

Page was born into a prominent Virginia family, and his connections allowed him to establish relationships with other leading figures of the American Revolution, such as Thomas Jefferson and James Madison. Despite his privileged upbringing, he was known for his humility and kindness towards others. Page was also a man of deep religious faith and was a member of the Church of England. He remained active in politics throughout his life and was a vocal critic of slavery, although he never fully embraced the idea of abolition. Despite his opposition, he did take steps to improve the lives of enslaved people on his plantations, such as enforcing strict rules against the mistreatment of slaves. After his death, his legacy lived on through his son, John Page Jr., who also served as Governor of Virginia. Today, many institutions in Virginia and across the United States bear his name, including the John Page Memorial Park and the John Page Middle School.

In addition to his political career and advocacy for education, John Page was also a successful businessman. He was involved in several industries, including agriculture, shipping and trade. He owned and operated several ships that transported goods between Virginia and Europe, which made him one of the wealthiest men in Virginia at the time. Page was also a talented writer, and his political essays and letters were widely read and respected. One of his most famous pieces was a letter he wrote to Thomas Jefferson, which criticized the idea of establishing a national bank. Despite their disagreements, Jefferson spoke highly of Page, calling him "an excellent man, pure in principle, incapable of guile." After retiring from politics, Page spent his final years at his home in Richmond, where he passed away in 1808. He is remembered as a patriotic leader who dedicated his life to the betterment of Virginia and the United States.

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Philippe Panneton

Philippe Panneton (April 30, 1895 Trois-Rivières-December 28, 1960 Lisbon) also known as Ringuet was a Canadian writer and novelist.

He was best known for his novel "Trente arpents" which won the Prix Goncourt, a prestigious literary award in France, in 1938. Panneton studied at the Université de Montréal and later obtained a PhD from the Sorbonne in Paris. He was a professor of literature at the Université de Montréal and also served as a cultural attaché for the Canadian government in Paris. Panneton was a prominent figure in Quebec literature and was a member of the Royal Society of Canada. In addition to "Trente arpents," his other notable works include "Au pied de la pente douce" and "L'Ancien temps."

In addition to being a writer, Philippe Panneton was also a journalist and a radio commentator. He worked for Radio Canada, and his broadcasts focused on literature, history, and politics. Panneton was deeply involved in the cultural scene in Quebec and was a member of several literary and cultural organizations, including the Société des écrivains canadiens and the Canadian Authors Association. He was also a staunch defender of French language and culture in Canada, and was an advocate for Quebec's autonomy within the Canadian federation. Despite his success as a writer and academic, Panneton struggled with depression and alcoholism throughout his life. He died by suicide in Lisbon in 1960, at the age of 65.

Despite his struggles with depression and alcoholism, Philippe Panneton made significant contributions to the literature and culture of Quebec. His novel "Trente arpents" was not only awarded the Prix Goncourt in France, but it is also considered a classic of Quebec literature. Panneton's works often tackled themes of rural life, social inequality, and the tension between French and English Canada. In addition to his career as a writer and professor of literature, Panneton was also an active participant in the cultural and political movement known as the Quiet Revolution, which sought to modernize Quebec society and assert its distinct identity within Canada. He was a passionate defender of Quebec's language and culture, and his legacy continues to influence Quebec literature and culture to this day.

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Margaret McNamara

Margaret McNamara (August 22, 1915 Spokane-February 3, 1981 Washington, D.C.) a.k.a. Margaret Craig or Margaret Craig McNamara was an American teacher. Her children are Kathleen McNamara Spears, Robert Craig McNamara and Margaret Elizabeth Pastor.

Margaret McNamara received her Bachelor of Arts degree from the University of Massachusetts Amherst in 1937, and completed a Master of Arts degree in Education at The Catholic University of America in 1954. She taught in several schools before she became an elementary school teacher in the Washington, D.C. school district. In 1940, she married Robert McNamara, who went on to become the President of the World Bank and Secretary of Defense under Presidents John F. Kennedy and Lyndon B. Johnson.

After her husband’s retirement from government service in 1968, Margaret became increasingly involved in philanthropy. Through the McNamara Foundation, which she established in 1981, she supported education initiatives for children, particularly girls in challenging circumstances, in developing countries. The foundation also awarded fellowships to graduate students from developing countries. Her legacy also lives on through the Margaret McNamara Memorial Fund, which supports the education of women from developing countries who seek to improve the lives of women and children in their home countries.

Margaret McNamara received numerous awards throughout her lifetime for her philanthropic efforts, including the Distinguished Alumna Award from the University of Massachusetts and the Order of the Southern Cross, one of the highest honors awarded by the Brazilian government.

Margaret McNamara's philanthropic efforts had a significant impact on the lives of many women and children around the world. In addition to founding the McNamara Foundation, she served as a member of the Board of Trustees of The Catholic University of America, where she established the McNamara Alumni Center. The center provides a gathering place for alumni and supports student scholarship programs.

Margaret was also a member of the Board of Visitors for the College of William & Mary in Virginia, where she established a scholarship program for students from developing countries. The scholarship program continues to this day, providing opportunities for education and growth to students from around the world.

In recognition of her dedication to philanthropy and education, the Margaret McNamara Education Grants (MMEG) were established in her honor. MMEG provides financial support to women from developing countries who are pursuing higher education to enhance their skills and leadership abilities.

Margaret McNamara's legacy serves as an inspiration to many women around the world. Her determination to make a positive impact on the lives of others has resulted in countless opportunities for education and growth, changing the lives of women and children for the better.

Margaret McNamara’s commitment to education and philanthropy was motivated by her belief that women and girls should have equal access to education and opportunities. Her foundation, the McNamara Foundation, has supported numerous educational initiatives around the world, including school construction, teacher training programs, and literacy projects. The foundation also provides support to girls in developing countries who face barriers to education, including poverty, conflict, and cultural prejudices. The McNamara Foundation has helped thousands of girls and young women to receive an education and achieve their full potential, empowering them to become leaders in their communities and break the cycle of poverty.

Margaret McNamara was also passionate about promoting cultural understanding and international cooperation. In addition to her philanthropic work, she served on the board of several organizations, including the International Student House of Washington D.C., the National Symphony Orchestra, and the National Museum of American History. She was recognized by the government of Brazil for her contributions to international relations and cultural exchange, and by the government of France for her efforts to promote French-American friendship.

Margaret McNamara’s legacy continues to inspire and motivate people around the world to work for social justice and equality. Her commitment to education, philanthropy, and global citizenship is a testament to the power of individuals to make a difference in the world.

She died as a result of cancer.

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Harald Hennum

Harald Hennum (May 29, 1928-October 14, 1993) was a Norwegian personality.

He was best known for his work as a journalist and broadcaster, having spent many years working for the Norwegian Broadcasting Corporation (NRK). Throughout his career, Hennum worked as a correspondent in various locations, including London and Washington D.C., and covered major international events such as the Vietnam War and the Watergate scandal.

In addition to his journalism work, Hennum was also a prolific author and wrote several books, primarily about politics and international relations. His most well-known book is "The Impossible Occupation: A Norwegian Account of the Lebanon War," which chronicles his experiences as an observer during the 1982 Lebanon War.

Hennum was highly regarded by his colleagues and the public alike, and was awarded several honors for his work throughout his career. He was also known for his strong political and social views, which he was not afraid to express both in his work and in public appearances. Hennum passed away in 1993, leaving behind a legacy as one of Norway's most respected journalists and commentators.

Born in Trondheim, Norway, Hennum began his career in journalism as a freelance writer in the early 1950s. He subsequently worked as a reporter for several Norwegian newspapers, including Adresseavisen and Arbeiderbladet, before joining NRK in 1960. Over the years, he gained a reputation as a tireless and knowledgeable journalist who was often given difficult assignments due to his ability to produce accurate and engaging coverage. Hennum's work was particularly influential during the political upheavals of the 1960s and 1970s, as his reporting on civil rights, the Vietnam War, and other major issues helped shape public opinion in Norway and beyond.

In addition to his journalism work, Hennum was active in several organizations, including the Norwegian chapter of PEN International and the Norwegian Authors Union. He also served as a mentor to many younger journalists, and was known for his generosity in sharing his experience and expertise. Although he never held political office, Hennum was a vocal advocate for social justice and progressive reforms, and often used his platform to criticize government policies that he felt were unjust. Even after his death, he continued to inspire younger generations of journalists and writers, and his contributions to Norwegian journalism are still celebrated today.

Hennum was married twice and had four children. His daughter, Dagrun, followed in his footsteps and became a journalist, eventually working as a foreign correspondent for NRK herself. In addition to his books, Hennum also penned several television and radio documentaries, including one about the Arab-Israeli conflict that was widely praised for its fair and insightful coverage. He was awarded the King's Medal of Merit in 1989 and was inducted into the Norwegian Broadcasting Hall of Fame posthumously in 2018. Beyond his professional accomplishments, Hennum was also known for his love of nature and outdoor activities, and was an avid hiker and skier. He is remembered as a remarkable journalist, author, and human being, whose commitment to his craft and dedication to justice continue to inspire generations today.

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Mario Lanzi

Mario Lanzi (October 10, 1914 Castelletto sopra Ticino-February 21, 1980 Schio) was an Italian personality.

He is best known as a fashion editor and journalist, having worked for prestigious magazines such as Vogue Italia and Harper's Bazaar. During his career, Lanzi became a prominent figure in the fashion industry, helping to establish Italian fashion as a force to be reckoned with.

Lanzi was a prolific writer, having penned several books on fashion and style. He was also a notorious socialite, known for his extravagant parties and flamboyant personality. Lanzi was a close friend of many famous figures, including Elizabeth Taylor and Truman Capote, and was often seen at the hottest events in town.

Despite his reputation as a bon vivant, Lanzi was also known for his philanthropic work. He was a patron of numerous charities and non-profit organizations, working tirelessly to make the world a better place. His legacy lives on today through the Mario Lanzi Foundation, which continues to support charitable causes in his name.

In addition to his work in the fashion industry and philanthropy, Lanzi was also an accomplished painter and photographer. He studied art at the Accademia Albertina in Turin and had his own exhibits in Milan and Paris. Lanzi was also a talented photographer, capturing iconic images of fashion models and celebrities. His photographs have been exhibited in galleries around the world.

Throughout his life, Lanzi was dedicated to promoting Italian fashion and culture. He was a vocal advocate for Italian designers and played a key role in establishing Milan as a fashion capital. In recognition of his contributions to the industry, Lanzi was awarded the prestigious Cavaliere del Lavoro (Knight of Labour) award by the Italian government.

Today, Lanzi is remembered as a larger-than-life figure who embodied the glamour and sophistication of the Italian fashion world. His passion for fashion, art, and philanthropy continues to inspire new generations of designers and creatives.

Lanzi's love for fashion started at an early age. He began his career in the industry by working for a small textile company in Milan, where he quickly rose through the ranks. Lanzi's keen eye for style and his impeccable taste soon caught the attention of top fashion editors, and he was offered a position at the legendary fashion magazine Vogue Italia.

During his tenure at Vogue Italia, Lanzi played a pivotal role in shaping the Italian fashion scene. He championed Italian designers such as Giorgio Armani, Valentino Garavani, and Emilio Pucci, and helped to showcase their work to an international audience. Lanzi was known for his ability to spot emerging talent and his support was instrumental in launching the careers of many young designers.

In addition to his work at Vogue Italia, Lanzi also served as the fashion editor of Harper's Bazaar and wrote for several other publications, including L'Uomo Vogue and Vanity Fair. He was a sought-after commentator on fashion and style, and his opinions were widely respected in the industry.

Lanzi's contributions to the world of fashion were recognized with numerous awards throughout his career. In addition to the Cavaliere del Lavoro, he received the Legion of Honour from the French government and was made an Honorary Citizen of Milan. His legacy continues to inspire and influence the fashion world today, and he remains a beloved figure in Italian culture.

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William McGregor

William McGregor (April 13, 1846 Braco-December 20, 1911 Birmingham) was a Scottish draper.

He is best known for being the founder of the English Football League in 1888, which was the first football league in the world. McGregor was an avid football enthusiast and served as chairman of Aston Villa Football Club from 1887 to 1895. He proposed the idea of a league competition to improve the standard of English football and ensure that clubs had a regular income. The league consisted of twelve clubs, including Aston Villa, and was immensely popular with the public. McGregor also served as a member of Parliament for East Wolverhampton from 1906 until his death in 1911. He is considered one of the most important figures in the history of English football.

Additionally, McGregor was a prominent businessman in Birmingham, owning a drapery store called McGregor and Co. He was also a generous philanthropist, donating money to several causes including Birmingham Children's Hospital. In 1894, he founded the Football League Cup, which is still contested today as the EFL Cup. McGregor's contributions to football were recognized in 2002 when he was inducted into the English Football Hall of Fame. His legacy continues to be celebrated by football fans around the world, and Aston Villa supporters still chant McGregor's name at games to this day.

Outside of his work in football, William McGregor was also a prominent figure in the political and social landscape of Birmingham. He was an active member of the Liberal Party and worked tirelessly to improve working conditions for laborers. McGregor was also a devout Christian and served as a churchwarden at St. George's Church in Birmingham. His commitment to his community was demonstrated through his support of several charitable organizations. In addition to his donations to Birmingham Children's Hospital, McGregor also provided financial assistance to the Birmingham and Midland Institute and the Royal Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals. McGregor's dedication to philanthropy and community service earned him several honors during his lifetime, including the Freedom of the City of Birmingham in 1889. Today, McGregor is remembered as a visionary who played a critical role in shaping the sport of football into what it is today.

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Don Jamieson

Don Jamieson (April 30, 1921 Canada-November 19, 1986) otherwise known as Donald Campbell Jamieson was a Canadian personality.

He began his career in the Royal Canadian Navy during World War II and later became a radio and television host, best known for his work on the CBC. He was also a respected author and playwright, having written several books and plays throughout his career. Despite his success, Jamieson struggled with alcoholism and his personal life was often tumultuous. He died in 1986 at the age of 65.

In addition to his work as a radio and television host, Don Jamieson was also an accomplished actor. He appeared in several films and TV shows throughout his career, including the popular Canadian TV series, "The Beachcombers." Jamieson was a beloved figure in the Canadian entertainment industry and was known for his quick wit and infectious personality. He was posthumously inducted into the Canadian Association of Broadcasters Hall of Fame in 1997. Despite his struggles, Don Jamieson left behind a lasting legacy and is remembered as one of Canada's most beloved personalities.

Throughout his career, Don Jamieson also became well known as a skilled interviewer, and his show, "Don Jamieson's Talking," was a favorite among audiences. He often interviewed notable figures such as Margaret Atwood and Leonard Cohen. Jamieson was also a gifted writer and humorist, having contributed to publications like Maclean's and Saturday Night. In addition, he wrote and produced several stage plays that were well-received by critics and audiences alike. His most notable work was "The Champagne Safari," which received critical acclaim and went on to be performed in theaters across North America. Despite his struggles with alcoholism, Jamieson maintained a charismatic and engaging on-screen presence that endeared him to audiences. His contributions to Canadian entertainment continue to be celebrated today, and his legacy remains an important part of the country's cultural history.

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Mary Johnston

Mary Johnston (November 21, 1870 Buchanan-May 9, 1936 Warm Springs) was an American writer and novelist.

She was born into a prominent Virginia family, the daughter of an American Civil War Confederate officer. Johnston was educated at home and later attended a finishing school in Baltimore. She began writing as a way to support herself and her family after her father's death. Her first novel, "Prisoners of Hope" was published in 1898 to critical acclaim.

Johnston's writing often focused on the struggles of women and the injustices they faced in society, including the limited opportunities and expectations placed upon them. Her most famous work, "To Have and To Hold" (1900), was a historical romance set in colonial Virginia and became a bestseller.

In addition to her writing, Johnston was a suffragist and advocated for women's rights. She was also involved in promoting education opportunities for women in Virginia, and her efforts led to the founding of the Mary Johnston Hospital and Nursing School in Richmond.

Johnston's literary career spanned over two decades and included multiple novels, short stories, and essays. Today, she is remembered as an influential early 20th-century writer and feminist activist.

Johnston's works were not only popular in the United States but also in Europe. She received critical acclaim for her novel "Hagar" (1913), which explored racial issues in the American South. Johnston was also a supporter of the eugenics movement, although her views on the matter evolved over time. She initially believed in the idea of selective breeding and wrote several essays on the topic. However, she later realized the discriminatory and harmful implications of such views and distanced herself from the movement. Despite her success in literature and activism, Johnston suffered from various health issues throughout her life, including chronic pain and depression. She died in 1936 from a heart condition in Warm Springs, Georgia, at the age of 65.

After her death, Mary Johnston's literary works fell out of favor and were largely forgotten. However, in recent years, there has been renewed interest in her writings, particularly in regards to her feminist and social justice themes. In 2013, the Virginia Historical Society inaugurated an annual lecture series in her honor, recognizing her contributions to the state's literary and cultural legacy. Additionally, several of her novels have been republished by small presses and are now available to contemporary readers. Johnston's legacy continues today as a pioneering woman writer and advocate for social change.

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Ynez Seabury

Ynez Seabury (June 26, 1907 Oregon-April 11, 1973 Sherman Oaks) also known as Inez Seabury or The Biograph Baby was an American actor.

Ynez Seabury began her acting career as a toddler in silent films, becoming known as the Biograph Baby due to her early work at the Biograph Studios. She continued to act throughout her childhood and teenage years, appearing in over 80 films including the classic silent film "The Kid" alongside Charlie Chaplin. In her adult years, she shifted her focus to theater and television, performing in productions such as "The Children's Hour" and "Peyton Place." Seabury was an influential member of the Screen Actors Guild and served on its board of directors for several years. She was also active in local politics, running for seat on the Los Angeles city council in the 1950s.

Seabury's decades-long career established her as one of the most respected actors of her time, and she was highly regarded for her versatility and range. In addition to her work on screen and stage, she dedicated her time to philanthropic efforts, supporting numerous organizations including Children's Hospital Los Angeles and the Motion Picture and Television Fund. Seabury passed away in 1973 at the age of 65, leaving behind a legacy that continues to inspire and influence generations of actors and performers. In recognition of her contributions to the industry, she was posthumously inducted into the Oregon Hall of Fame in 2002.

Seabury began her career in film when she was just a baby, as her mother was a costume designer and her father a cameraman at Biograph Studios. She made her first film appearance at the age of six months old in the film "The Adventures of Dollie". She continued to work at Biograph until the age of four, appearing in over 30 films during that time.

As she got older, Seabury continued to act in films with prominent actors of the time such as Gloria Swanson, Mary Pickford, and Dorothy Gish. She developed a reputation for her professionalism and talent, garnering critical acclaim for her work.

Seabury's work in theater and television allowed her to continue showcasing her acting skills, and she became well known for her roles in the soap operas "Love of Life" and "The Secret Storm". She also appeared in the hit TV series "Bonanza" and "Have Gun – Will Travel".

Aside from her acting career, Seabury was also a dedicated wife and mother, having married four times and raising two children. She was an advocate for women's rights and worked tirelessly for the empowerment of women in the entertainment industry.

Seabury's contributions to the entertainment industry continue to be remembered and celebrated today, with her name remaining a fixture in the history of early Hollywood.

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Julian Simon

Julian Simon (February 12, 1932-February 8, 1998 Chevy Chase) also known as Julian Simon or Julian Lincoln Simon was an American professor and economist.

He was born in Newark, New Jersey and received his PhD in Economics from the University of Chicago. Simon was a prolific writer and his research focused on resource scarcity, population growth, and technological advancement. He famously bet Paul Ehrlich, a biologist and author of the book "The Population Bomb," that the prices of five metals - copper, chromium, nickel, tin, and tungsten - would decrease over the course of a decade due to technological advances, rather than increase due to scarcity. Simon won the bet and his victory helped to refute the notion that population growth and resource depletion were inevitable. Simon was a professor at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign and later at the University of Maryland, College Park. He also served as a Senior Fellow at the Cato Institute. Simon passed away in 1998 at the age of 65.

Simon was not only an expert in economics but also a demographer, statistician, and political scientist. He served as the chairman of the Government Accountability Project, an organization that works to promote government and corporate accountability, from 1979 to 1983. Simon received numerous awards for his work, including the Francis Boyer Award from the American Enterprise Institute and the Outstanding Scholar Award from the Association for Private Enterprise Education. Throughout his career, he authored or co-authored over a dozen books, including "The Ultimate Resource," which argues that human creativity and innovation are the ultimate resources that help solve environmental and economic challenges. Simon's ideas have been influential in shaping policy and public debate on population growth, natural resources, and environmental protection.

Simon was also known for his controversial stance on immigration. He believed that unrestricted immigration could be beneficial for the economy and that immigrants contribute positively to society. This view, however, was not always popular and Simon was criticized by some for advocating for policies that would bring in more immigrants. In addition to his work on resource scarcity and population growth, Simon was also a respected theorist in the field of public choice, which examines how human behavior and incentives affect decision-making in the public sector. Simon's theories and ideas continue to be studied and debated in academic and policy circles, and his legacy as a pioneering economist and thinker remains strong.

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Loie Fuller

Loie Fuller (January 15, 1862 Fullersburg-January 1, 1928 Paris) was an American choreographer, dancer and actor.

She is best known for her innovative use of flowing costumes and lighting effects in her performances, which inspired many artists and designers of the time. Her signature dance, the Serpentine Dance, involved Fuller manipulating long pieces of fabric to create mesmerizing movements resembling serpents or waves.

Fuller began her career as an actress, but later transitioned to dance after discovering her love for movement and expression. She toured internationally throughout her career, performing in venues such as the Folies Bergère and the Paris Opera House.

Aside from her contributions to the arts, Fuller was also an inventor and held several patents for stage lighting equipment. She was a pioneer in the use of colored gels and floodlights, which revolutionized stage lighting in the early 20th century.

Despite facing challenges as a female artist in a male-dominated industry, Fuller persevered and left a significant impact on the world of dance and theater. Her legacy continues to inspire artists today.

Fuller was born Marie Louise Fuller in Fullersburg, Illinois, and was one of five children. Her family moved to Chicago when she was still young, and it was there that she began her career in the performing arts. Fuller's interest in dance was sparked by her observation of skirt dancers at the Chicago World's Fair in 1893. Her fascination with the flowing fabric and the kinetic energy it created prompted her to create her own dance routines.

Fuller's breakthrough came in 1892 when she began performing at the Folies Bergère in Paris. Her Serpentine Dance was an instant hit and she quickly became a star. She went on to perform at other prestigious venues such as the Paris Opera, the Palace Theatre in London, and Madison Square Garden in New York City.

In addition to her stage performances, Fuller was also a photographer and filmmaker, and she made several short films of her dances. She was a close friend and collaborator of inventor Thomas Edison, who helped her film her performances and aided her in developing her lighting effects.

Fuller's influence extended beyond the dance world. Her flowing costumes and dramatic lighting inspired many artists of the time, including painters such as Toulouse-Lautrec and the Impressionists. She was also an inspiration to Art Nouveau designers, who incorporated her signature style into their work.

Fuller's death in Paris in 1928 was widely mourned, and she was remembered as a pioneer in the world of modern dance, a groundbreaking inventor, and a visionary artist.

One of Fuller's most famous performances was at the Paris Exposition in 1900, where she danced in a specially-designed theater that allowed for intricate lighting effects. Her performance was so popular that she was invited to perform for a private audience with the President of France.After retiring from performing, Fuller continued to innovate in the arts. She created several designs for theater sets and costumes, and even designed a unique kind of folding umbrella that she patented.Fuller's personal life was not well-documented, but it is known that she never married and had no children. However, she maintained close relationships with many artists and intellectuals of the time, including playwright Sarah Bernhardt and inventor Alexander Graham Bell.Fuller's legacy continues to be celebrated, and her work has been the subject of several exhibitions and retrospectives. In 2020, she was posthumously inducted into the National Women's Hall of Fame for her contributions to the arts and her pioneering spirit.

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George N. Briggs

George N. Briggs (April 12, 1796 Adams-September 12, 1861 Pittsfield) also known as George Briggs was an American lawyer. He had one child, Henry Shaw Briggs.

In addition to being a lawyer, George N. Briggs was also a politician. He served as a member of the United States House of Representatives from Massachusetts from 1831 to 1843, and as the 19th Governor of Massachusetts from 1844 to 1851. During his time as governor, he was instrumental in the founding of the State Normal School at Westfield, which eventually became Westfield State University. He was also a strong supporter of the temperance movement, and helped to pass laws in Massachusetts that restricted the sale and consumption of alcohol. After leaving office, Briggs returned to practicing law and remained active in politics until his death in 1861.

During his time in Congress, George N. Briggs was an advocate for the United States' entry into the Mexican-American War. However, after he became governor, Briggs began to have doubts about the war and called for its end. In 1846, he proposed a resolution asking Congress to bring hostilities to a close and negotiate a treaty with Mexico. Briggs also supported laws that resulted in the improvement of the Massachusetts penal system and the establishment of state asylums for the mentally ill.

Aside from his political achievements, George N. Briggs was also a writer. He authored a biography of Governor John Davis and a book titled "The Higher Law, in Its Relations to Civil Government." Additionally, Briggs was a skilled orator and delivered many speeches throughout his career.

Briggs' memory is honored by a statue in front of the Massachusetts State House, which was unveiled in 1865 after his death.

George N. Briggs was born in Adams, Massachusetts, and attended Williams College in Williamstown, where he graduated in 1815. After college, he studied law and was admitted to the bar in 1823. He began practicing law in Lanesborough before moving to Pittsfield, where he established a successful law practice.

In addition to his political and legal career, George N. Briggs was active in his local community. He was a member of the Massachusetts Bible Society and the American Peace Society. He also served as an officer in the Massachusetts Militia and was commissioned a brigadier general in 1840.

Briggs' tenure as governor was marked by his efforts to improve the state's infrastructure, including the building of a new state prison and the expansion of the state's canal system. He also advocated for the abolition of the death penalty, and signed legislation in 1846 that abolished capital punishment for all crimes except for murder.

In 1850, Briggs ran as the Free Soil candidate for governor, but was defeated by the Whig candidate John H. Clifford. After retiring from politics, Briggs returned to his law practice in Pittsfield, where he remained active until his death in 1861.

George N. Briggs' legacy as a political leader and reformer is still celebrated in Massachusetts today. His commitment to education and social justice helped to shape the state's progressive identity, and his contributions to the law and politics of Massachusetts continue to be recognized and appreciated.

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John Galsworthy

John Galsworthy (August 14, 1867 Kingston upon Thames-January 31, 1933 Hampstead) also known as John Sinjohn or John Galsworthy OM was a British novelist, lawyer and playwright.

Galsworthy is known for his literary contributions, including his most popular work, The Forsyte Saga, which portrays the life of the upper-middle class in Victorian and Edwardian England. He won the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1932 for his contribution to English literature through his sophisticated and masterful storytelling. Galsworthy was also a vocal advocate for human rights and social justice, campaigning against censorship and supporting the rights of women and minority groups. In addition to his literary career, he also worked as a lawyer, specializing in international arbitration. His legacy continues to influence and inspire writers to this day.

Galsworthy was born into a wealthy family and initially pursued a career in law before turning to literature. His first published work, From the Four Winds, was a collection of short stories that received critical acclaim. However, it was The Forsyte Saga, which he originally intended to be a trilogy but ended up consisting of nine novels, that brought him international fame and success. The series was adapted into numerous movies, TV shows and plays throughout the years.

Throughout his life, Galsworthy was passionate about advocating for social change. He was a member of the Men's League for Women's Suffrage and a founding member of the International PEN, an organization that promotes freedom of expression and advocates on behalf of incarcerated writers. He was also a prominent anti-war activist during World War I, speaking out against the conflict and producing works that critiqued its devastating impact.

In addition to his Nobel Prize, Galsworthy was honored with a number of prestigious awards throughout his career, including the Order of Merit, the highest civilian honor in the United Kingdom. His literary works continue to be studied and admired, and his dedication to social justice serves as an inspiration to many.

Galsworthy married Ada Nemesis Pearson in 1905, and the couple remained married until Ada's death in 1951. They had two children together, but tragically, their son was killed in action in World War I. This loss had a profound impact on Galsworthy's life and work; he became even more committed to his anti-war activism and produced a number of works that reflected his disillusionment with war and its devastating toll on human life. Galsworthy's dedication to social justice extended to his personal life as well; he was a vegetarian and a supporter of animal rights, and he frequently donated to charitable causes. Today, Galsworthy is remembered as one of the most influential writers of the early 20th century, renowned both for his literary talent and his unwavering commitment to social justice.

He died caused by brain tumor.

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Eugène Marais

Eugène Marais (January 9, 1871 Pretoria-March 29, 1936 Pelindaba) otherwise known as Eugène Nielen Marais was a South African scientist and writer.

Eugene Marais was a fascinating figure and contributed greatly to the fields of literature and science. In addition to being a writer and scientist, he was also a lawyer and a journalist. He wrote extensively on the natural world, including the behavior of termites, which he studied extensively. His book, "The Soul of the White Ant," is still considered a classic in the field of entomology.

Marais was also a fierce opponent of apartheid and was an early advocate for racial equality in South Africa. His writing often reflected his political beliefs and he used his platform to speak out against the injustices of the apartheid regime.

Despite his many accomplishments, Marais struggled with mental illness and depression throughout his life. This ultimately led to his tragic suicide at the age of 65. However, his contributions to science and literature continue to be celebrated to this day, and his legacy remains an important part of South African history.

Notably, Marais was also a poet, playwright, and philosopher whose works explored the complexities of the human experience. His poetry reflected his love for nature and his deep appreciation for the beauty of the African landscape. He was particularly drawn to the Waterberg region in the Limpopo province, where he spent much of his life as a farmer.

Marais' work on termites was groundbreaking in its time and helped to further our understanding of these insects and their social structures. His observations challenged traditional European ideas about the hierarchical nature of societies and inspired new ways of thinking about the social behavior of animals.

In addition to his scientific work, Marais was also known for his editorial contributions to newspapers such as the Pretoria News and the National Observer. His outspoken views on politics and society often landed him in trouble with the authorities, but he remained committed to using his writing to promote social justice and equality.

Today, Marais is remembered as a multi-talented and visionary thinker who made significant contributions to the fields of science, literature, and philosophy. His life and legacy continue to inspire those who seek to understand and celebrate the richness and diversity of South African culture.

Despite struggling with mental illness, Marais was a prolific writer and produced a large body of work during his lifetime. In addition to "The Soul of the White Ant," he wrote several other books on natural history and science, including "The Soul of the Ape" and "My Friends the Baboons." He was also known for his poetry and plays, which explored themes such as love, loss, and the beauty of nature.

Marais' legacy has been celebrated in many ways in South Africa. In 2005, the University of Pretoria established the Eugene Marais Chair in African Literature, which is dedicated to promoting the study of African literature and culture. In 2018, a statue of Marais was erected in the Waterberg region in recognition of his contributions to science and literature.

Marais' life and work continue to influence and inspire people all over the world, and his legacy serves as a testament to the power of human creativity and the innate curiosity that drives scientific discovery.

He died in suicide.

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Bernard Barrow

Bernard Barrow (December 30, 1927 New York City-August 4, 1993 New York City) also known as Bernard E. Barrow, Bernard E. "Bernie" Barrow or Bernie Barrow was an American actor and professor.

Barrow was best known for his role as Johnny Ryan, a lawyer in the soap opera "Ryan's Hope" which aired from 1975 to 1989. Barrow played the role of Johnny for the entire run of the show and was nominated for a Daytime Emmy Award for his performance in 1985.

Aside from his acting career, Barrow was also a professor of theatre at Lehman College in the Bronx. He was a beloved instructor and taught at the college for over thirty years. Barrow was known for being a mentor to many of his students and was highly respected in the theatre community.

In addition to "Ryan's Hope," Barrow appeared in numerous television shows including "Law and Order," "The Cosby Show," and "Spenser: For Hire." He also appeared in films such as "Author! Author!" and "Three Days of the Condor."

Barrow was married to actress Joan Sudlow and the couple had two children together. He was a talented and versatile actor and educator whose legacy continues to inspire those who knew him.

Barrow began his career in the entertainment industry as a stage actor, appearing in several Broadway productions such as "Oh Dad, Poor Dad, Mamma's Hung You in the Closet and I'm Feelin' So Sad" and "The Crucible." He also worked as a voice actor, lending his voice to several animated series including "Thundercats" and "Silverhawks." Barrow's contributions to the theatre community were recognized with a posthumous Lifetime Achievement Award from the Theatre Development Fund. The award was presented to Barrow's wife and children in 1994. In addition, Lehman College established the Bernard Barrow Memorial Award in his honor, which is given to a student who demonstrates excellence in theatre. Barrow's impact on his students and the industry as a whole continued to be felt long after his passing.

Throughout his career, Barrow made numerous contributions to the entertainment industry. He was a strong advocate for theatre education and believed that it could positively impact the lives of young people. He not only taught his students about acting and production, but also emphasized the importance of hard work and dedication. Barrow's passion for teaching was evident in his interactions with his students, with whom he enjoyed discussing literature, philosophy, and various other subjects outside the realm of theatre. His approachable and kind demeanor made him a beloved figure among his students, many of whom went on to have successful careers in the industry themselves.

Along with his work in television and theatre, Barrow was also involved with several charities, including the New York City Mission Society and the Muscular Dystrophy Association. He made it a priority to use his platform as a public figure to raise awareness and funds for those in need.

Barrow's passing in 1993 was a loss for the entertainment and education communities alike. However, his legacy lives on through the countless individuals whose lives he touched as both an actor and a professor. His dedication to his craft and his students serves as an inspiration to all those who strive to make a positive impact on the world around them.

He died as a result of lung cancer.

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Karl Nikolas Fraas

Karl Nikolas Fraas (September 8, 1810-November 9, 1875) was a German botanist.

He was born in Erlangen, Bavaria and studied at the University of Erlangen. Fraas completed his doctoral degree in botany and zoology at the University of Munich in 1835. He then worked as a curator at the Botanical Garden in Munich before becoming a professor of botany at the University of Tübingen in 1844.

Fraas was primarily interested in the study of fossil plants and published numerous papers on the topic. He also studied the flora of the southern Alps and the German Rhineland, and traveled extensively throughout Europe to collect plant specimens. In addition to his research, Fraas was an active member of several scientific societies, including the German Botanical Society and the Bavarian Academy of Sciences.

Throughout his career, Fraas received several honors and awards for his contributions to botany, including being elected a member of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences in 1862. He died in Tübingen at the age of 65.

Fraas was not limited to the field of botany, he also had an interest in geology and paleontology. He wrote extensively on the subject of fossilized plants and discovered many new species. Fraas also made significant contributions to the field of agronomy, particularly in the study of crop rotation, and his work helped to improve farming practices in Germany. Fraas was a prolific writer, and his publications included an important work on the flora of Baden-Württemberg. In addition to his scientific pursuits, Fraas was also interested in photography and made many of his own botanical illustrations. He was widely respected for his research and teaching, and his influence was felt on generations of young botanists. Today, Fraas is remembered as one of the leading botanical scientists of the 19th century.

Fraas was not only a respected scientist, but he was also a dedicated educator. He taught at the University of Tübingen for over 30 years and was known for his engaging lectures and passion for botany. Fraas believed in the value of hands-on learning and encouraged his students to explore the natural world. Many of his former students went on to become prominent botanists themselves, including Paul Ascherson and Julius von Sachs.

In addition to his scientific and academic pursuits, Fraas was a devoted family man. He married his wife, Elisabeth, in 1838, and the couple had six children together. Fraas was also an avid traveler and enjoyed exploring new places with his family. He documented many of his travels in his journals and incorporated his observations of plants and landscapes into his research.

Fraas's contributions to botany and paleontology continue to be recognized today. Several plant species have been named after him, including the fossil fern species, Fraasopteris goeppertii. His extensive collection of plant specimens is housed in museums and herbaria throughout Europe, and his publications remain valuable resources for scientists studying fossil plants and agronomy.

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