German music stars died before turning 40

Here are 39 famous musicians from Germany died before 40:

Paul Fleming

Paul Fleming (October 5, 1609 Hartenstein-April 1, 1640 Hamburg) also known as Fleming, Paul was a German physician and poet.

He is particularly well known for his hymns, which are still sung in churches today. Fleming was also a prominent figure in the literary scene of his time, associated with the group of poets known as the Silesian School. In addition to his work as a physician and writer, he was a diplomat, serving in the court of the Elector of Brandenburg. Despite his short life, Fleming left a lasting legacy in German literature and culture.

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Hans Bernd von Haeften

Hans Bernd von Haeften (December 18, 1905 Charlottenburg-August 15, 1944 Berlin) was a German diplomat.

Hans Bernd von Haeften was born in Charlottenburg, Germany, in 1905. He studied law at the University of Berlin and later served in the German Foreign Office. He was an opponent of the Nazi regime and was involved in the resistance movement during World War II.

In 1940, von Haeften was posted to the German embassy in Copenhagen, where he was part of a group of diplomats who worked to frustrate Nazi efforts to deport Danish Jews to concentration camps. He also acted as a liaison between the German opposition and foreign powers, such as Great Britain and the United States.

In 1944, von Haeften was involved in the failed attempt to assassinate Adolf Hitler. He was arrested and executed by hanging on August 15, 1944, along with several other members of the resistance.

Von Haeften is remembered as a hero and martyr of the anti-Nazi resistance. His courage and commitment to justice and freedom continue to inspire people around the world.

He died as a result of hanging.

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Ferdinand von Schill

Ferdinand von Schill (January 6, 1776 Bannewitz-May 31, 1809 Stralsund) was a German personality.

He was a Prussian major who became famous for his brave and daring attempts to liberate his home country from Napoleon's French Empire. In 1809, von Schill led an army of Prussian volunteers in a campaign against French-occupied Germany. Although initially successful, his forces were eventually defeated by Napoleon's armies, and von Schill was killed in the battle of Stralsund. Despite his ultimate failure, von Schill's bravery and patriotism have made him a revered figure in German history. To this day, he is remembered as a symbol of resistance against foreign oppression and a symbol of German nationalism.

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Theodor Bilharz

Theodor Bilharz (March 23, 1825 Sigmaringen-May 9, 1862 Cairo) also known as Dr. Theodor Bilharz was a German physician.

He is best known for discovering the parasitic worm that causes schistosomiasis, a disease that still affects a significant portion of the world's population today. Bilharz studied medicine at the University of Berlin and then worked as a physician in Egypt from 1850 until his death in 1862. During his time in Egypt, he conducted extensive research on a variety of diseases, including schistosomiasis, which was prevalent in the country. In 1851, he made the groundbreaking discovery of the worm responsible for the disease, which was later named after him as Schistosoma haematobium. Bilharz's work on schistosomiasis laid the foundation for further research on the disease and helped to develop effective treatments for it. His contributions to medical science have earned him recognition as one of the pioneers in the field of parasitology.

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Claus von Stauffenberg

Claus von Stauffenberg (November 15, 1907 Jettingen-Scheppach-July 21, 1944 Berlin) was a German personality. He had five children, Berthold Maria Schenk Graf von Stauffenberg, Franz-Ludwig Schenk Graf von Stauffenberg, Heimeran Schenk Graf von Stauffenberg, Valerie Schenk Gräfin von Stauffenberg and Konstanze Schenk Gräfin von Stauffenberg.

Claus von Stauffenberg was a German army officer who played an important role in the failed attempt to assassinate Adolf Hitler on July 20, 1944. He was one of the key figures in the conspiracy within the German military to overthrow the Nazi regime and end World War II. After being wounded in battle in North Africa, Stauffenberg became disillusioned with Hitler's leadership and joined the resistance movement. He was assigned to the Home Army in Berlin, where he became involved in the plot to kill Hitler. On the day of the assassination attempt, Stauffenberg brought a bomb into Hitler's headquarters, but the explosion did not kill the dictator. Stauffenberg was arrested and executed by firing squad that same day. Despite the failure of the assassination attempt, Stauffenberg and his co-conspirators are remembered as heroes who risked their lives to try to end the Nazi regime.

He died in firearm.

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Eberhard IV, Count of Württemberg

Eberhard IV, Count of Württemberg (August 23, 1388 Stuttgart-July 2, 1419 Waiblingen) also known as Eberhard IV, Count of Wurttemberg was a German personality. He had two children, Ulrich V, Count of Württemberg and Ludwig I, Count of Württemberg-Urach.

Eberhard IV was the son of Count Eberhard III and Antonia Visconti. He succeeded his father as Count of Württemberg in 1417. During his short reign, Eberhard IV faced several challenges, including conflicts with neighboring territories and his own family members. He also initiated several reforms aimed at improving the governance and legal system of his county.

Eberhard IV was known for his interest in the arts, literature, and music. He was a patron of the poet and musician Oswald von Wolkenstein and supported the arts in his court. Unfortunately, Eberhard IV died unexpectedly in 1419, just two years after his accession to the throne. His eldest son, Ulrich V, succeeded him as Count of Württemberg.

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Hans-Hermann Hupfeld

Hans-Hermann Hupfeld (November 28, 1905-November 11, 1942) was a German physicist.

He is best known for his work on the photoelectric effect, which is the phenomenon of electrons being emitted from a material when light shines on it. Hupfeld studied under Max Planck, the Nobel Prize-winning physicist who is considered one of the founders of quantum mechanics. Hupfeld continued to work in the field of quantum mechanics, publishing several papers on the subject. In 1933, however, he was forced to leave Germany due to the rise of the Nazi regime and settled in the United States. There, he worked as a researcher in various institutions, including the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Tragically, he died at the age of 36 during World War II, while serving as an officer in the United States Army.

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Otto Eckmann

Otto Eckmann (November 19, 1865 Hamburg-June 11, 1902 Badenweiler) was a German personality.

He was a versatile artist, working as a painter, graphic designer, and book designer during his short life. Eckmann was a leading figure in the Art Nouveau movement in Germany, and his work was characterized by flowing, organic lines and a sense of whimsy. He is perhaps best known for his designs for the magazine Die Jugend, which he helped found along with several other prominent artists. After his death from tuberculosis at the age of 36, Eckmann's influence continued to be felt in the world of design, and his legacy still fascinates art historians and collectors today.

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Hermann Goetz

Hermann Goetz (December 7, 1840 Königsberg-December 3, 1876 Hottingen) was a German personality.

His albums include .

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Gerhard Flesch

Gerhard Flesch (October 18, 1909 Poznań-February 28, 1948 Trondheim) was a German personality.

Gerhard Flesch was a member of the Nazi Party and a participant in the German occupation of Norway during World War II. He served as the chief of the political department in Trondheim, where he was responsible for implementing Nazi policies, including the persecution of Jews and other minority groups.

After the war, Flesch was captured by Norwegian authorities and tried for war crimes. He was found guilty and sentenced to death by firing squad. He was executed on February 28, 1948.

He died in execution by firing squad.

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Rainer Werner Fassbinder

Rainer Werner Fassbinder (May 31, 1945 Bad Wörishofen-June 10, 1982 Munich) otherwise known as Franz Walsch, R.W. Fassbinder, Rainer W. Fassbinder, Franz Alsch, Franz Walsh or R.W.F. was a German writer, screenwriter, film director, actor, television director, film editor, film producer, voice actor, author, television editor and cinematographer.

Fassbinder was known for his prolific output, having directed, written and produced over 40 feature films, television movies and series, stage plays, and radio dramas in a career spanning only 16 years. He was a key figure in the New German Cinema movement of the 1970s, which sought to revitalize German film culture and challenge societal taboos.

His films often explored themes of sexuality, politics, and society, and he was unafraid to tackle controversial subject matter. Some of his notable films include "Ali: Fear Eats the Soul", "The Marriage of Maria Braun", and "Berlin Alexanderplatz". He was also involved in the avant-garde theater scene, and his plays were often performed in his own theater, the Antitheater.

Fassbinder's personal life was also often tumultuous, with numerous romantic relationships and struggles with drug addiction. His death at the age of 37 was a shock to the film world, and his legacy continues to influence contemporary cinema.

He died as a result of drug overdose.

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Johann Christian Buxbaum

Johann Christian Buxbaum (October 5, 1693 Merseburg-July 7, 1730 Wermsdorf) was a German botanist.

He studied medicine and natural sciences at the University of Jena, and later worked as a physician in Leipzig. Throughout his life, Buxbaum had a passion for botany and exploring new areas of scientific knowledge.

In 1727, he joined the Russian Academy of Sciences as a member, and went on a botanical expedition to Astrakhan and the Caspian Sea with Peter the Great's naturalist, Johann Daniel Schumacher. Their findings were published in the book "Description of Plants Found in the Neighbourhood of Caspian Sea and Astrachan" in 1729.

Buxbaum also wrote several papers on the flora of Germany and its surrounding areas. His writing demonstrated his knowledge and understanding of botany, including its classification and the geography and ecology of the different plants.

Sadly, Buxbaum died at the young age of 36, but his work had a lasting impact on the scientific community, particularly in the fields of botany and ecology. He is remembered as one of the most significant botanists of his time.

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Heinrich Graf von Lehndorff-Steinort

Heinrich Graf von Lehndorff-Steinort (June 22, 1909 Hanover-September 4, 1944 Plötzensee Prison) also known as Count von Lehndorff-Steinort or Heinrich Ahasverus Graf von Lehndorff-Steinort was a German military officer. He had four children, Veruschka von Lehndorff, Katharina von Lehndorff-Steinort, Marie Eleanore von Lehndorff-Steinort and Gabriele von Lehndorff-Steinort.

Heinrich von Lehndorff-Steinort was a member of the German resistance during World War II, and was involved in the July 20 Plot to assassinate Adolf Hitler. He served in the Wehrmacht and was highly decorated for his service in the early years of the war. However, he became disillusioned with the Nazi regime and began working against it. He made contact with the resistance and was able to provide them with important information about military operations and plans.

On July 20, 1944, von Lehndorff-Steinort was in charge of transporting the explosives that were intended to be used in the assassination attempt on Hitler. However, the attempt failed and von Lehndorff-Steinort was arrested, along with other members of the resistance. He was tried and sentenced to death by hanging, which was carried out on September 4, 1944, at Plötzensee Prison in Berlin.

Von Lehndorff-Steinort's daughter, Veruschka von Lehndorff, went on to become a famous model and actress known simply as Veruschka. She was often referred to as “the world’s first supermodel” and was renowned for her striking looks and avant-garde style. Despite her success in the fashion world, Veruschka remained deeply affected by her father's death and has spoken publicly about the impact it had on her life.

He died as a result of hanging.

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Hanns Braun

Hanns Braun (October 26, 1886 Spalt-October 9, 1918 Croix-Fonsomme) also known as Hans Braun was a German personality.

He was a renowned athlete and Olympic medalist in the sport of rowing. Braun competed in the men's eight event at the 1908 Summer Olympics and won a bronze medal. He later participated in World War I as a soldier in the German Army and was killed in action on October 9, 1918 at the age of 31. In addition to his athletic achievements, he is also known for his contributions to the development of rowing as a coach and administrator. Braun served as the chairman of the German Rowing Association and was instrumental in promoting the sport in Germany. Despite his short life, his legacy in the world of rowing and sports in general remains significant to this day.

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Hilde Coppi

Hilde Coppi (May 30, 1909 Berlin-August 5, 1943 Plötzensee Prison) was a German personality.

Hilde Coppi was a member of the German resistance during World War II. She and her husband, Hans Coppi, were both involved in the group known as the Red Orchestra, which worked to undermine the Nazi regime by distributing anti-fascist propaganda and gathering intelligence for the Soviet Union.

Hilde and Hans were both arrested in August 1942 and were sentenced to death by the People's Court in April 1943. Hilde bravely refused to provide any information about her fellow resistance members, even under torture. She was executed alongside her husband on August 5, 1943, at Plötzensee Prison in Berlin.

Hilde Coppi is remembered as a hero and a symbol of resistance against the Nazi regime. Her courageous actions continue to inspire people around the world who fight for freedom and justice.

She died as a result of decapitation.

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Charles II, Elector Palatine

Charles II, Elector Palatine (March 31, 1651 Heidelberg-May 26, 1685 Heidelberg) was a German personality.

He was the eldest surviving son of Charles I Louis, Elector Palatine and his second wife Charlotte of Hesse-Kassel. Charles II became Elector Palatine upon his father's death in 1680. He is remembered for his patronage of the arts, in particular his support of the Heidelberg Palace and for his efforts to develop the economy and industry of the Electoral Palatinate. Charles II also had a keen interest in science and technology and founded the Academiae Electoralis Scientiarum, today known as the Heidelberg Academy of Sciences. He was married to Princess Wilhelmine Ernestine of Denmark-Norway and had two children, a daughter and a son who succeeded him as Elector Palatine. Charles II died at the age of 34 due to complications of a fever.

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Wilhelm Lehmbruck

Wilhelm Lehmbruck (January 4, 1881 Duisburg-March 25, 1919 Berlin) was a German personality.

Lehmbruck was known for being a sculptor, working in a modernist style that explored the human form and emotion, particularly in relation to the modern urban environment. He studied art in Düsseldorf and later worked in Paris, where he was influenced by the work of Auguste Rodin. Some of his most famous sculptures include "The Kneeling One" and "The Falling Man". Despite his short career, Lehmbruck became known as one of the pioneers of modernist sculpture and his work continues to inspire artists to this day.

He died as a result of suicide.

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Thomas Müntzer

Thomas Müntzer (April 5, 1488 Stolberg-May 27, 1525 Mühlhausen) a.k.a. Thomas Münzer was a German personality.

Müntzer was a Reformation-era theologian, pastor, and radical reformer who played a significant role in the German Peasants' War of 1524–1525. He was deeply influenced by Martin Luther's teachings early in his career, but later broke away from Luther and began advocating for a more radical approach to reforming the Church and society as a whole.

Müntzer was a fiery preacher who often spoke out against the social injustices of his time, including the oppression of the peasants by the ruling classes. He believed that the established Church was corrupt and should be replaced by a community of true believers who would live according to the teachings of the Bible.

Müntzer's involvement in the Peasants' War led to his capture and execution by the ruling authorities. Despite his radical views and controversial actions, he has been remembered as a champion for the rights of the oppressed and a key figure in the early Protestant movement.

He died in decapitation.

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Otto C. Winzen

Otto C. Winzen also known as Otto Winzen was a German engineer.

He was born in Berlin in 1903 and studied mechanical engineering at the Technical University of Berlin. In 1927, he moved to the United States and began working for Curtiss-Wright Corporation, where he played an instrumental role in developing high-altitude, long-range bombers for the United States military.

During World War II, Winzen was a key member of the Manhattan Project, which developed the first nuclear weapons. He was responsible for designing and constructing the detonators that triggered the explosion of the first atomic bomb, which was tested in Alamogordo, New Mexico in July 1945.

After the war, Winzen continued to work in the aerospace industry, contributing to the development of missile systems and satellite technology. He was widely regarded as one of the foremost experts in his field and received numerous awards and honors for his contributions to aerospace engineering.

Winzen passed away in 1992, leaving behind a legacy of innovative technological advancements that have shaped modern military and civilian aviation as well as space exploration.

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Maria Amalia of Saxony

Maria Amalia of Saxony (November 24, 1724 Dresden Castle-September 27, 1760 Buen Retiro Palace) was a German personality. She had eight children, Charles IV of Spain, Ferdinand I of the Two Sicilies, Maria Luisa of Spain, Infante Gabriel of Spain, Infante Philip, Duke of Calabria, Infanta Maria Josefa of Spain, Infante Antonio Pascual of Spain and Infante Francisco Javier of Spain.

Maria Amalia of Saxony was a princess of the House of Wettin and became the Queen consort of Charles III of Spain. She was known for her intelligence, political skills, and her contributions to the cultural and artistic life of the Spanish court. She was a patron of the arts and supported the establishment of numerous cultural institutions, including the Royal Tapestry Factory and the Royal Palace of Aranjuez. Despite facing numerous political hurdles throughout her reign, Maria Amalia remained a beloved figure among the Spanish people and is remembered for her unwavering dedication to her family and the people of Spain.

She died caused by tuberculosis.

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Dietrich Bonhoeffer

Dietrich Bonhoeffer (February 4, 1906 Wrocław-April 9, 1945 Flossenbürg) was a German theologian, pastor and writer.

Bonhoeffer was a prominent figure in the Protestant Church and a vocal critic of the Nazi regime. He was involved in the resistance against Hitler and was arrested in April 1943. During his time in prison, he continued to write and reflect on his faith and the role of the Church in society. Bonhoeffer's writings, including "The Cost of Discipleship" and "Letters and Papers from Prison," have had a significant impact on theology and Christian thought. Despite his untimely death, his legacy lives on as an example of courage, faith, and commitment to justice.

He died as a result of execution by hanging.

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Olga Benário Prestes

Olga Benário Prestes (February 12, 1908 Munich-April 23, 1942) a.k.a. Olga Gutmann Benário was a German personality. She had one child, Anita Leocádia Prestes.

Olga Benário Prestes was actually a Communist activist of Jewish descent who was born in Munich, Germany, to a family of lawyers. She joined the Communist Youth International and the Communist Party of Germany, and then was sent to Moscow to become a member of the International Lenin School. In 1934, she was sent to Brazil on a mission to organize a revolution with the Brazilian Communist Party, where she met Luis Carlos Prestes, one of the main leaders of the movement.

Olga and Luis Carlos fell in love and got married. Together, they started a campaign against the fascist government that led to their arrest in 1936. Olga was pregnant at the time and gave birth to their daughter, Anita Leocádia Prestes, in prison. Later on, Olga was extradited to Nazi Germany, where she was imprisoned and later sent to a concentration camp.

Due to her Communist beliefs, Olga was considered dangerous by the Nazi regime and was eventually executed in 1942, at the age of 34. Her daughter, Anita, was adopted by a family friend and later became a historian and professor of economics in Brazil. Olga Benário Prestes is remembered as a symbol of resistance against fascism and for her contributions to the Communist movement in Brazil and abroad.

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Helmut Gröttrup

Helmut Gröttrup (April 5, 2015 Germany-April 5, 1981) also known as Helmut Grottrup was a German physicist, aerospace engineer, engineer and inventor.

He is most well-known for his work on the development of the German V-2 rocket during World War II, which became the basis of rocket technology around the world. After the war, Gröttrup was briefly held by the United States and then released to work on rocket development for France. Eventually, he moved back to Germany and became a professor at the Technical University of Darmstadt, where he continued to work on rocket technology and also became a strong advocate for peaceful use of space. Gröttrup received numerous awards for his contributions to the field of aerospace engineering and is considered a pioneer in the development of rocket technology.

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Karl Klaus von der Decken

Karl Klaus von der Decken (August 8, 1833 Kotzen-October 2, 1865) was a German personality.

He was an explorer and geographer, known for his travels and expeditions to East Africa. In 1861, he led an expedition to the Horn of Africa in search of the source of the River Tana. However, his greatest ambition was to reach the summit of Mount Kilimanjaro, which he attempted in 1862 but was forced to turn back due to harsh weather conditions. He returned to the region in 1865 to make a second attempt but tragically died during the expedition. Despite his unsuccessful attempts to reach the summit, he is remembered for his pioneering work in exploring and mapping the region. The northern Two-toed sloth (Choloepus hoffmanni) was named after him by German zoologist Wilhelm Peters.

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Gustav Fischer

Gustav Fischer (March 3, 1848 Barmen-November 11, 1886 Berlin) a.k.a. Dr. Gustav Fischer was a German writer and physician.

He studied medicine at the University of Bonn and received his doctorate in 1871. After completing his studies, Fischer worked as a doctor in various hospitals in Germany. However, he was also a prolific writer, contributing to numerous newspapers and magazines, and publishing several books.

Fischer's writing primarily focused on social and political issues of his time, including the plight of the working class and the rise of socialism. He was a staunch supporter of the Social Democratic Party of Germany and wrote many articles in support of their agenda.

In addition to his work as a doctor and writer, Fischer was also active in politics. He served as a member of the Reichstag from 1884 until his death in 1886.

Fischer's untimely death at the young age of 38 cut short what was sure to be a promising career in medicine, writing, and politics. Nonetheless, his legacy lives on as a social justice advocate and champion of the working class in Germany.

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Rudolf Lange

Rudolf Lange (November 18, 1910 Weißwasser-February 23, 1945 Poznań) was a German personality.

He was a highly-ranked SS officer during World War II and was responsible for numerous war crimes in the occupied territories. Lange was the Commandant of the Riga Ghetto in Latvia, where he oversaw the mass murder of thousands of Jews. He also played a key role in the implementation of the "Final Solution", the Nazi plan for the extermination of European Jews. In 1944, he was sent to Poznań, Poland, where he continued to carry out war crimes until he was killed by Allied forces in 1945. Lange's actions during the war have made him one of the most vilified figures in history.

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Eduard Schlagintweit

Eduard Schlagintweit (March 23, 1831 Munich-July 10, 1866) was a German writer.

Together with his brothers, he conducted extensive scientific expeditions, contributing significantly to the development of geography, cartography, and geology. Their journey to Central Asia led to the discovery of the highest peak of the Himalayas and the Karakoram, which they named K2. Eduard Schlagintweit is also known for his literary achievements as an author of scientific works that popularized scientific knowledge among the general readers. He left behind a legacy of remarkable scholarship in the field of natural history, physics, and geography, which continue to inspire generations of scholars to this day.

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Robert Enke

Robert Enke (August 24, 1977 Jena-November 10, 2009 Neustadt am Rübenberge) was a German personality. He had one child, Lara Enke.

Robert Enke was a professional footballer who played as a goalkeeper. He started his career with Carl Zeiss Jena in 1995 and later moved on to other clubs such as Borussia Mönchengladbach, Benfica, and Hannover 96. Enke was also a member of the German national team and played in 8 international matches.

Off the field, Enke struggled with depression and anxiety for several years. He sought professional help and even took a break from football to focus on his mental health. Despite this, Enke tragically took his own life in 2009 at the age of 32. His death brought attention to the issue of mental health in professional sports and led to the creation of the Robert Enke Foundation, which aims to raise awareness and support for those affected by mental illness.

He died in suicide.

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Ulrich von Hutten

Ulrich von Hutten (April 21, 1488 Hesse-August 29, 1523 Ufenau) was a German personality.

He was a scholar, poet, and reformer who played a significant role in the Protestant Reformation. Hutten was also known for his uncompromising criticism of the Roman Catholic Church, the Holy Roman Empire, and the German nobility, which made him a controversial figure in his time. He was a close friend and ally of Martin Luther and helped spread Luther's ideas throughout Germany. Hutten's works were widely read and inspired many to seek a more just and equitable society. He died at the age of 35 on the shores of Lake Zurich, while in exile from his homeland. Despite his relatively short life, Hutten left a lasting legacy as one of the most important figures of the German Renaissance.

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Ferdinand Lassalle

Ferdinand Lassalle (April 11, 1825 Wrocław-August 31, 1864 Carouge) was a German personality.

He was a fervent socialist, trade unionist, and journalist who played an important role in shaping the labor movement in Germany. Lassalle founded the General German Workers' Association, which was the precursor to the Social Democratic Party of Germany, a major political party in Germany today. He condemned the capitalist system, advocating for workers' rights and greater government intervention in the economy. Lassalle was also known for his intellectual debates with other political theorists, including Karl Marx. He died at the young age of 39 in a dueling accident, but his ideas and contributions to the labor movement continued to influence socialist thought for decades after his death.

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Karl Harrer

Karl Harrer (October 8, 1890 Germany-September 5, 1926) was a German journalist and politician.

He is known for being one of the founding members of the Nazi Party in 1919 and for his role in the early development of the party's ideologies. Harrer was also active in various right-wing organizations before joining the Nazi Party, including the Thule Society. However, he left the party in 1920 due to disagreements with Adolf Hitler and went on to become a member of the Bavarian parliament. Harrer was later arrested and imprisoned for his involvement in the failed Beer Hall Putsch in 1923 but was released in 1924 due to ill health. He died in Munich two years later at the age of 35.

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Adam Elsheimer

Adam Elsheimer (March 18, 1578 Frankfurt-December 11, 1610 Rome) was a German personality.

Adam Elsheimer was a painter who worked during the early Baroque period. He is known for his small-scale paintings featuring intricate details and luminous light effects. Elsheimer's work was heavily influenced by the art of Caravaggio, and he in turn had a significant influence on the development of Dutch and Flemish painting. Despite his relatively short career, Elsheimer's impact on the art world was significant, and many renowned artists, including Rembrandt and Rubens, were inspired by his techniques and style.

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Helmuth James Graf von Moltke

Helmuth James Graf von Moltke (March 11, 1907 Krzyżowa, Świdnica County-January 23, 1945 Plötzensee Prison) was a German lawyer.

Helmuth James Graf von Moltke was a notable member of the German resistance against Hitler's Nazi regime during World War II. He founded the Kreisau Circle, a group of intellectuals and aristocrats who discussed plans for a post-Nazi Germany. Moltke was involved in numerous attempts to dispose Hitler, including the July 20, 1944, plot to assassinate him. He was eventually arrested and sentenced to death by the Nazi regime in 1945. Moltke's courage and moral integrity continue to inspire generations, and the memory of his actions has been honored in various ways by postwar Germany.

He died caused by capital punishment.

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Günther Smend

Günther Smend (November 29, 1912 Trier-September 8, 1944) a.k.a. Gunther Smend was a German personality.

Günther Smend was a prominent figure in the German Resistance during World War II. He was a lawyer and a member of the German nobility. Smend was involved in various anti-Nazi activities, including plotting to assassinate Adolf Hitler. He was arrested in 1944 and later executed by hanging at the age of 31. In addition to his resistance work, Smend was also a published author and scholar. Despite the brevity of his life, his contributions to the fight against the Nazi regime have left a lasting impact.

He died caused by hanging.

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Otto Rahn

Otto Rahn (February 18, 1904 Michelstadt-March 13, 1939 Tyrol) was a German personality.

Rahn was a writer and a researcher with a strong interest in the Holy Grail and Catharism. He is best-known for his books, including "Crusade Against the Grail" and "Lucifer's Court." Rahn's work has been the subject of much controversy and speculation, and he is often associated with occult and Nazi themes. He was a member of the SS during World War II, and some historians believe that he was involved in occult research for the Nazi regime. Despite his controversial legacy, Rahn continues to captivate the imaginations of those with an interest in mysticism, religious history, and esotericism.

He died in suicide.

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Erika von Brockdorff

Erika von Brockdorff (April 29, 1911 Kołobrzeg-May 13, 1943 Berlin) was a German personality.

Erika von Brockdorff was a German socialite, fashion model and aspiring actress. She was born in Kołobrzeg, Pomerania and raised in Germany. Von Brockdorff was known for her beauty and charm and quickly became a sought-after model and actress. She appeared in a number of films during the 1930s, including "The Road to Glory" and "The Night Falls".

During World War II, von Brockdorff became involved in the resistance movement against the Nazi regime. She worked with the Kreisau Circle, a group of anti-Nazi intellectuals and activists, and helped to distribute anti-Nazi literature and propaganda. In 1943, von Brockdorff was arrested by the Gestapo and sentenced to death for her involvement in the resistance. She was executed by hanging in Berlin on May 13, 1943, at the age of 32. Despite her short life, von Brockdorff left a lasting legacy as a heroine of the resistance and a symbol of bravery against the Nazi regime.

She died caused by hanging.

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Philipp Mainländer

Philipp Mainländer (October 5, 1841 Offenbach-April 1, 1876 Offenbach) a.k.a. Philipp Mainlander was a German philosopher.

Mainländer is known for his work "Die Philosophie der Erlösung" ("The Philosophy of Redemption"), published in 1876, which sought to reconcile Eastern metaphysics with Western philosophy. In his work, he posited that existence is a state of suffering and that the only way to escape this suffering is through the annihilation of the self. He also believed that the universe is finite and that its existence will eventually result in a collective redemption, referred to as "the great Sabbath" or "the great Sunday."

Despite the significance of his work, Mainländer's mental health deteriorated as he completed his book. He struggled with depression and felt that he was not receiving the recognition he deserved. On April 1, 1876, he committed suicide by hanging himself in his parents' attic. His work garnered more attention posthumously, with notable admirers including Friedrich Nietzsche and Hermann Hesse.

He died as a result of suicide.

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Gerhard Gentzen

Gerhard Gentzen (November 24, 1909 Greifswald-August 4, 1945 Prague) was a German mathematician.

Gentzen is best known for his contributions to mathematical logic, particularly his work in proof theory. He is famous for developing the "Gentzen's proof system," which revolutionized the field of mathematical proof theory by introducing natural deduction and the sequent calculus. Gentzen was also a pioneer in the field of ordinal analysis, a branch of proof theory that studies the proof-theoretic strength of mathematical theories through their ordinal rankings. Unfortunately, his promising career was cut short due to his involvement in World War II, and he tragically died at a young age in a suicide bombing in Prague in 1945. Despite his early death, Gentzen's work continues to have a profound impact on the field of mathematical logic to this day.

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Princess Victoria of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha

Princess Victoria of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha (February 14, 1822 Vienna-December 10, 1857 Claremont) a.k.a. Victoria of Saxe-Coburg-Kohary was a German personality. She had three children, Gaston d´Orléans, comte d'Eu, Princess Marguerite Adélaïde of Orléans and Prince Ferdinand, Duke of Alençon.

Princess Victoria was the daughter of Prince Ferdinand of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha and his wife, Maria Antonia Koháry. In 1836, Princess Victoria's uncle, King Leopold of Belgium, arranged her marriage to his nephew, Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha. The couple would eventually become the parents of nine children, one of whom would become the future King Edward VII of the United Kingdom.

Princess Victoria and Prince Albert were very close and had a happy marriage, despite some initial struggles in adjusting to life in England. They were instrumental in modernizing the British monarchy and promoting cultural and technological advancements. Sadly, Princess Victoria's life was cut short by cancer at the age of 35. Her death was a devastating blow to Prince Albert, who died just a few years later.

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