Here are 10 famous musicians from Israel died at 78:
Menachem Begin (August 16, 1913 Brest-March 9, 1992 Tel Aviv) a.k.a. מנחם בגין, Menachem Wolfovitch Begin, مناحيم بيغن, Menakhem Vol'fovich Begin, Менахем Вольфович Бегин, Munahayyim Beeghin or Mieczysław Biegun was an Israeli politician. He had three children, Benny Begin, Hasia Begin and Leah Begin.
Menachem Begin was the sixth Prime Minister of Israel, serving from 1977 to 1983. Before entering politics, he was a leader in the Zionist movement and a member of the Jewish underground Irgun, which fought against British rule in Palestine. Begin was known for his nationalist and conservative policies, his opposition to territorial concessions to the Palestinians, and his advocacy for Jewish settlement in the West Bank and Gaza Strip.
As Prime Minister, Begin signed the Camp David Accords with Egyptian President Anwar Sadat, which resulted in a historic peace treaty between Israel and Egypt. He also oversaw the Israeli invasion of Lebanon in 1982, which aimed to push the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO) out of Lebanon. Begin retired from politics in 1983 and lived in seclusion until his death in 1992. He was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1978, along with Sadat, for his efforts in negotiating the peace treaty.
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Izhak Graziani (August 4, 1924-July 7, 2003) was an Israeli conductor.
Born in Jerusalem, Graziani studied violin and composition at the Jerusalem Academy of Music and Dance before studying conducting with Igor Markevitch in Salzburg, Austria. He went on to conduct many orchestras around the world, including the Israel Philharmonic Orchestra, the Vienna Symphony Orchestra, and the Philharmonia Orchestra in London. Graziani also served as the musical director of the New Israeli Opera from 1990 to 1998. He was known for his interpretations of the works of Mozart, Beethoven, and Mahler, and was highly regarded for his attention to detail and innovative programming. Graziani passed away in 2003 at the age of 78.
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Amnon Kapeliouk (December 22, 1930 Jerusalem-June 26, 2009) was an Israeli journalist.
He was best known for his work as a Middle East correspondent for major publications such as Newsweek and Le Nouvel Observateur. Kapeliouk covered numerous major events throughout his career, including the Six-Day War in 1967 and the Palestinian Intifada in the late 1980s. He was also known for his interviews with various Middle Eastern leaders, including Yasser Arafat and Saddam Hussein. Kapeliouk was a vocal advocate for peace and reconciliation in the region, and was involved in various peace initiatives throughout his life. In addition to his journalism career, he also wrote several books on Middle Eastern politics, including a biography of Yasser Arafat.
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Uziel Gal (December 15, 1923 Weimar-September 7, 2002 Philadelphia) was an Israeli personality.
Uziel Gal was an Israeli gun designer who is best known for creating the Uzi submachine gun. Gal worked for the Israeli Defense Forces and created the Uzi in the 1950s as a compact and reliable weapon for Israeli soldiers. The Uzi became one of the most recognizable and widely used submachine guns in the world, and has been used by military and law enforcement agencies in over 90 countries. In addition to the Uzi, Gal also designed other firearms and received numerous awards for his contributions to Israeli defense technology. Gal immigrated to the United States in the 1970s and continued to work in firearms design until his death in 2002.
He died in cancer.
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Marc Rich (December 18, 1934 Antwerp-June 26, 2013 Lucerne) also known as Marcell David Reich was an Israeli businessperson and trader. His children are Daniella Rich, Ilona Rich Schachter and Gabrielle Rich Aouad.
Rich was a controversial figure in the world of finance due to his involvement in tax evasion, illegal trading, and controversial deals with countries like Iran while it was under sanctions. He founded the commodities trading company Glencore and was one of the richest traders in the world before being indicted in the United States on charges of tax evasion and illegal trading in 1983. Instead of facing charges, Rich fled to Switzerland and was later granted a controversial presidential pardon from Bill Clinton in his final hours in office in 2001. Rich was also a philanthropist, founding the Rich Foundation in Israel which supports education and culture.
He died as a result of stroke.
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Eliezer Steinman (April 5, 1892 Podolia Governorate-August 7, 1970 Tel Aviv) was an Israeli personality.
He was a Zionist leader and one of the founders of the city of Tel Aviv. Steinman was a member of the Jewish Legion during World War I and served as the commander of its Second Battalion. After the war, he settled in Palestine and was involved in the creation of the Ahdut HaAvoda political party. Steinman was also a member of the Haganah, the Jewish paramilitary organization that later became the core of the Israel Defense Forces. In Tel Aviv, he served as a member of the city council and was instrumental in the development of the city's infrastructure, including the construction of the Dizengoff Center shopping mall. Steinman was known for his dedication to the Jewish people and the State of Israel, and his contributions to the country's establishment will not be forgotten.
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Shmuel Stoller (August 15, 1898 Moscow-March 6, 1977 Israel) was an Israeli personality.
He was a renowned musicologist and composer who was born in Moscow and later moved to Palestine, which was then under the British mandate. Stoller played a crucial role in establishing the Academy of Music in Jerusalem, where he taught music theory and history. He was also the founder and editor of the respected music journal Musica Hebraica, which explored the unique connections between Jewish and Western classical music. Stoller's own music was heavily influenced by traditional Jewish melodies, which he incorporated into his modernist compositions. His most famous work is the "Jerusalem Symphony," which he composed in 1950 and is still celebrated as a masterpiece of Israeli classical music. In addition to his work in music, Stoller was an accomplished writer and translator, particularly of Russian literature.
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Yitzhak Ben-Zvi (November 24, 1884 Poltava-April 23, 1963 Jerusalem) a.k.a. Itzhak Ben-Zvi was an Israeli politician, author and historian. He had two children, Eli Ben-Zvi and Amram Ben-Zvi.
Ben-Zvi was a prominent figure in the Zionist movement and played a key role in the establishment of the state of Israel. He served as the second President of Israel from 1952 until his death in 1963. Prior to that, he was one of the main leaders of the Yishuv, the Jewish community in Mandatory Palestine, and served as the head of the Jewish Agency's Jerusalem Bureau.
Ben-Zvi was also a prolific writer and historian, and his scholarly works focused on Jewish history, including the history of the Land of Israel and the Jewish community in Palestine under Ottoman and British rule. His most famous book, "The Land and the Book," is considered a classic in the field of Israel studies.
Ben-Zvi was a founding member of the Haganah, the Jewish defense force that later evolved into the Israel Defense Forces, and he played a crucial role in the defense of Jewish settlements during the 1936-1939 Arab Revolt. He was also deeply committed to advancing the cause of Jewish education, and he established the Institute for Research and Study of Jewish Education, which is now known as the Ben-Zvi Institute.
As president of Israel, Ben-Zvi was known for his simple lifestyle and his dedication to promoting Israeli culture, history, and education. He was widely respected for his visionary leadership and his unwavering commitment to the cause of Jewish self-determination.
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Chaim Herzog (September 17, 1918 Belfast-April 17, 1997 Tel Aviv) was an Israeli personality.
He served as the sixth President of Israel from 1983 to 1993, as well as a member of the Knesset and a diplomat. Prior to his presidency, Herzog served in the British Army during World War II and later in the Israel Defense Forces, eventually reaching the rank of Major-General. He also played a key role in Israel's military and intelligence efforts, including the 1948 Arab-Israeli War and the covert operation to capture Adolf Eichmann in 1960. After his presidency, Herzog remained active in Israeli politics and public life until his death in 1997.
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Paul Păun (September 5, 1915 Bucharest-April 9, 1994 Haifa) a.k.a. Paul Zaharia, Paúl Yvenez, Paul Paon-Zaharia or Dr. Paul Păun was an Israeli surgeon and physician.
Born in Bucharest, Romania, Paul Păun graduated from the Faculty of Medicine at the University of Bucharest in 1942. During World War II, he served as a soldier in the Romanian army, but was imprisoned by the communist regime for his political opposition. Following his release, he emigrated to Israel in 1950, where he resumed his medical career, working as a surgeon and teacher at several hospitals and medical schools in the country.
Aside from his medical work, Paul Păun was also an accomplished writer and poet, publishing works in Romanian, French, and Hebrew. He was a prominent member of the Romanian literary community, and was known for his experimental style and use of surrealist techniques in his writing. He was awarded several literary prizes in Romania and Israel for his work.
Paul Păun passed away in Haifa, Israel in 1994 at the age of 78. He is remembered both as a skilled physician and a respected member of the literary community, whose work continues to be read and studied today.
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