Here are 10 famous musicians from Italy died at 63:
Guglielmo Marconi (April 25, 1874 Bologna-July 20, 1937 Rome) was an Italian electrical engineer, physicist, engineer and inventor. He had five children, Gioia Marconi Braga, Degna Marconi, Lucia Marconi, Giulio Marconi and Maria Eletra Elena Anna Marconi.
Marconi is best known for his pioneering work on long-distance radio communication. He developed the first practical system for transmitting wireless telegraph signals, which led to the establishment of the first wireless communication system between England and France in 1899. Marconi also played a major role in the development of radio broadcasting, and his work was instrumental in the growth of the radio industry in the early 20th century. He was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1909 for his contributions to the development of wireless telegraphy. Marconi was a member of the Fascist Party and supported Mussolini's regime in Italy. Despite criticism for his political views, Marconi's contributions to the field of telecommunications remain significant to this day.
Marconi’s interest in radio communication began when he was a teenager, and by the age of 20, he had built his own radio transmitter and receiver. He filed his first patent for a complete wireless system in 1896, and in the same year, he demonstrated his wireless equipment to the British Post Office. Marconi went on to form the Wireless Telegraph & Signal Company, which became one of the most important providers of wireless equipment in the early 20th century. He also made significant contributions to the development of radar technology during World War II.
Marconi was a prolific inventor and received over 100 patents during his lifetime. In addition to his work in wireless communication, he also developed a system for converting salt water into fresh water, which was used to supply water to the troops during the war.
Marconi was a member of several scientific societies and received many honors during his lifetime. He was made a Knight Grand Cross of the Order of the British Empire in 1914, and in 1929 he was appointed President of the Royal Italian Academy. Today, Marconi is remembered as one of the founders of modern telecommunications and a pioneer of radio communication.
He died as a result of myocardial infarction.
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Carlo Collodi (November 24, 1826 Florence-October 26, 1890 Florence) a.k.a. Carlo Lorenzini or Collodi was an Italian writer, novelist and journalist.
He is best known for writing the classic children's novel "The Adventures of Pinocchio" in 1883. Prior to his career in writing, Collodi worked as a civil servant and then as a journalist, where he wrote political commentary and satire for newspapers such as Il Lampione and Il Fanfulla. Despite the success of "Pinocchio", Collodi never achieved significant financial stability from his writing and struggled with personal and financial difficulties in his later life. Nevertheless, his legacy continues to live on through the numerous adaptations of "Pinocchio" in film, television, and theatre.
Collodi was born in a time of political turmoil in Italy and was witness to the country's unification and political upheaval. His experiences during this time heavily influenced his writing and political commentary. "The Adventures of Pinocchio" was originally serialized in a children's magazine and became an instant success. The story of a mischievous wooden puppet who longs to be a real boy has become a beloved classic and has been translated into over 250 languages. In addition to his literary works, Collodi was also involved in politics and served as a member of parliament briefly. Today, Collodi's birthplace in Tuscany has been turned into a Pinocchio theme park and museum in his honor.
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Prospero Alpini (November 23, 1553 Marostica-February 3, 1617 Padua) was an Italian physician and botanist.
He is best known for his contributions to the study of plants, particularly exotic plants and herbs. Alpini traveled extensively throughout Europe, Asia, and Africa, collecting and studying plants and their medicinal properties. He is credited with introducing many of these plants to Europe, including coffee, bananas, and the sycamore tree.
In addition to his botanical work, Alpini was also a respected physician, serving as personal physician to the Doge of Venice and later as a professor of medicine at the University of Padua. He wrote several influential medical texts, including a treatise on tropical medicine based on his experiences in Egypt.
Alpini's legacy in the study of plants and medicine continues to be celebrated today, and he is remembered as a pioneering figure in the fields of botany and tropical medicine.
One of Alpini's most significant contributions to the field of botany was his study and documentation of the anatomy and physiology of plants. His work helped to establish the foundations of modern plant science and greatly influenced the botanical studies of his time. Alpini was also highly respected for his research on the use of plants in medicine. He believed that the study of plants was essential to the advancement of medicine and urged his colleagues to learn more about the medicinal properties of plants.
In addition to his scientific work, Alpini was also an accomplished linguist and translator. He was fluent in several languages, including Arabic, which he learned during his travels in Egypt. Alpini translated many important medical texts from Arabic into Latin, making them accessible to a wider audience in Europe.
Today, Alpini is widely regarded as one of the most important botanists and physicians of the Renaissance period. His contributions to the fields of botany and medicine helped to establish the scientific method and influenced generations of scientists and researchers.
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Carlo Tresca (March 9, 1879 Sulmona-January 11, 1943 New York City) was an Italian personality. His child is Peter D. Martin.
Carlo Tresca was an Italian-American anarchist, trade unionist, and journalist who played a significant role in the labor movement and the broader radical politics of the early 20th century. Born in Sulmona, Italy, Tresca immigrated to the United States in 1904, where he quickly became involved in the labor movement, organizing strikes and advocating for worker's rights. He was also a vocal opponent of fascism, imperialism, and war, and was part of a network of international anarchist activists. Tresca founded and edited several radical newspapers, including Il Martello (The Hammer), which he used as a platform for his political views. He was known for his passionate speeches and his ability to mobilize large crowds of workers and activists. Sadly, Tresca's life was cut short when he was assassinated in 1943 in New York City. The exact circumstances of his murder remain a mystery, but it is widely believed to have been the work of fascist agents or mafia hitmen. Tresca's legacy as a fearless and unyielding fighter for social justice and individual freedom continues to inspire activists and organizers today.
In addition to his work as a labor organizer and journalist, Tresca was also an outspoken critic of organized crime, particularly the Italian mafia. He wrote extensively about the mafia's influence on politics and the economy, and was a key figure in exposing the so-called "Black Hand" extortion racket that targeted Italian immigrants in the early 20th century. Tresca's activism often put him in danger, and he was the target of multiple assassination attempts throughout his life. Despite these threats, he remained committed to his work and continued to speak out against oppression and injustice until his untimely death. Today, Tresca is remembered as a hero of the labor movement and a champion of free speech and human rights. His contributions to the fight for social justice continue to inspire activists and organizers around the world.
He died as a result of murder.
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Francis Turretin (October 17, 1623 Geneva-September 28, 1687 Geneva) was an Italian personality. He had one child, Jean Alphonse Turretin.
Francis Turretin was a Protestant theologian who is best known for his extensive work "Institutes of Elenctic Theology." He was born into a family of Protestant refugees who had fled from Italy to Geneva, and it was in this city where he was educated and began his career in theology. Turretin was a prominent figure in the Reformed tradition, and through his work, he helped to establish the theological framework of Reformed Protestantism. He served as a professor of theology at the Academy of Geneva for over 30 years, and his lectures were known for their erudition and rigor. Turretin's work was influential in shaping the thought of subsequent generations of theologians, and his ideas continue to be discussed and debated within Reformed circles today.
His "Institutes of Elenctic Theology" is a seminal work that covers the entire spectrum of Christian theology, from the nature of God and the Trinity to the sacraments and eschatology. It is renowned for its rigorous logic and logical structure. In it, Turretin set out a comprehensive defense of the Reformed doctrine of predestination, which states that God has chosen from eternity those whom he will save and whom he will damn. While controversial in some quarters, this doctrine has been central to Reformed theology for centuries.
Turretin was deeply involved in the theological controversies of his day, and he played an important role in the debates over the nature of the Lord's Supper and the relationship between God's sovereignty and human free will. He was also a prolific writer of theological tracts, and his writings were widely read throughout Europe and the United States. Today, Turretin is considered one of the most important and influential theologians of the Reformed tradition. His work continues to be studied and debated by theologians and scholars around the world.
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Bernardo Strozzi (April 5, 1581 Genoa-August 2, 1644 Venice) was an Italian personality.
He was a prominent painter of the Baroque period and was often referred to as il prete genovese, meaning "the Genoese priest".
Strozzi's artistic career began in Rome, where he was initially trained in the workshop of Federico Barocci. It was here that Strozzi was exposed to the emerging style of Caravaggio, which had a profound impact on his own artistic style.
In the early 17th century, Strozzi returned to his hometown of Genoa, where he painted some of his most celebrated works, including several altarpieces and a series of portraits. Strozzi's unique style was characterized by his use of strong contrasts of light and shade, dramatic compositions, and his ability to capture the emotional intensity of his subjects.
After spending several years in Genoa, Strozzi moved to Venice in 1631, where he continued to paint until his death in 1644. Strozzi's legacy is still felt today, and his works can be found in museums and collections around the world.
Strozzi's life was not without controversy, however, as he was known for his rebellious spirit and his involvement in several scandals throughout his career. He was twice expelled from the painter's guild in Genoa, once for illicit relations with a noblewoman and once for stabbing a fellow artist in a dispute over a commission. Despite these setbacks, Strozzi remained a popular artist and was highly esteemed by his contemporaries, including the poet Giambattista Marino, who wrote a tribute to him in 1632. Today, Strozzi is considered one of the most important members of the Caravaggisti movement, which sought to emulate Caravaggio's style in their own works. His innovative use of light and shadow, combined with his skill at capturing the inner lives of his subjects, has ensured his lasting influence on the world of art.
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Giuseppe Bottai (September 3, 1895 Rome-January 9, 1959 Rome) was an Italian lawyer, economist and journalist.
He served as a high-ranking Fascist politician, holding various government positions in Benito Mussolini's regime, including Minister of Education and Minister of Corporations. Bottai was a strong proponent of nationalism and was an active supporter of Italy's involvement in World War II. After the war, he was tried and convicted of war crimes and fascism-related charges. He was initially sentenced to 30 years in prison, but his sentence was later reduced.
Bottai was born into a middle-class family in Rome and pursued his education in law at the University of Rome, where he later became a professor. In his early career, he worked as a journalist for various newspapers, including Il Popolo d'Italia, which was owned by Mussolini himself. He soon became an important member of the Fascist party and was appointed as the director of the Fascist Youth Organization in 1929.
As Minister of Education, Bottai implemented measures designed to promote fascist and nationalist ideals in schools throughout Italy. He also played a significant role in the enactment of the Racial Laws, which discriminated against Italian Jews and other minorities.
After the fall of Mussolini's regime, Bottai was arrested by the Allied authorities and stood trial for his involvement in war crimes and fascist crimes. He was found guilty and sentenced to prison, where he wrote a memoir reflecting on his role in the fascist government. Despite his controversial legacy, Bottai's contributions to Italian fascism and nationalist ideology continue to be studied and debated by scholars today.
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Adolfo Celi (July 27, 1922 Messina-February 19, 1986 Siena) was an Italian actor, businessperson, film director, teacher, theatre director, writer and screenwriter. He had two children, Leonardo Celi and Alessandra Celi.
Celi was best known for his role as the villain Emilio Largo in the 1965 James Bond film "Thunderball." He also appeared in other notable films such as "The Agony and the Ecstasy," "And Then There Were None," and "Hercules and the Masked Rider." In addition to his acting career, Celi was involved in various business ventures and later became a theater director and teacher. He was also a writer and screenwriter and worked on the film "The Appointment" as both writer and director. Despite his diverse career, Celi will always be remembered as one of the most iconic Bond villains of all time.
Celi began his acting career in theater productions in Italy, and later transitioned to film. He appeared in more than 100 films throughout his career, in both Italian and international productions. Celi was also fluent in multiple languages, including English, French, and Spanish, which allowed him to take on a variety of roles.
In addition to his work in film and theater, Celi was a successful businessman. He owned several hotels and restaurants in Italy, and even opened a nightclub in Rome called "Adolfo's." He was known for his impeccable sense of style and often served as a fashion consultant to his friends and fellow actors.
Celi was also a dedicated teacher and director. He taught acting at the Academy of Dramatic Art in Rome and later founded his own acting school in Siena. He directed theater productions both in Italy and abroad, and was highly regarded for his innovative and modern approach to theater.
Despite his many talents, Celi will always be best remembered for his portrayal of Emilio Largo in "Thunderball." His performance as the sleek and menacing villain left a lasting impression on audiences and helped solidify the James Bond franchise as a cultural phenomenon.
He died as a result of myocardial infarction.
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Frank Giacoia (July 6, 1924-February 4, 1988) was an Italian personality.
Frank Giacoia was primarily known for his work in the comic book industry. He was a prolific inker and his contributions to the medium were extensive. He worked on a variety of popular titles for Marvel Comics, DC Comics, and many other publishers. Some of his most notable works include inking the first appearance of the villainous Venom in "The Amazing Spider-Man" issue #298 and #299, and inking the iconic cover of "The Incredible Hulk" issue #181 which introduced Wolverine to the Marvel Universe.Giacoia was inducted into the Will Eisner Comic Book Hall of Fame in 1996.
Throughout his career, Frank Giacoia worked with some of the most famous comic book artists of his time, including Jack Kirby, John Romita Sr., and Gil Kane. Born in New York City, Giacoia began his career in the industry in the 1940s, when he worked as a freelancer for Timely Comics, which would later become Marvel Comics. Over the years, he established himself as a skilled inker, able to enhance the work of his penciller counterparts.
Giacoia's work was not only limited to comic books. He also worked as an illustrator, creating artwork for magazines, advertisements, and movie posters. In the 1950s, he served as an art director for the famous Topps Trading Card company.
Despite his accomplished career, Giacoia faced some challenges in the industry. He was one of many comic book creators who struggled to receive proper credit and compensation for their work. Additionally, he experienced health issues later in life that impacted his ability to work.
Despite these challenges, Frank Giacoia made significant contributions to the comic book industry and helped shape some of the most iconic characters and stories of the medium.
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Andrea Appiani (May 31, 1754 Milan-November 8, 1817 Milan) was an Italian personality.
Andrea Appiani was a prominent neoclassical painter and decorator of his time. He was born in Milan, Italy where he later received his education in painting. In 1776, he was awarded a scholarship to study at the Accademia di Belle Arti di Parma in Parma, Italy.
Appiani became known for his works depicting mythological and historical scenes, portraits, and frescoes. He was a court painter to the Austrian Empire and also worked for Napoleon Bonaparte, who made him a baron and granted him French citizenship.
Aside from his painting career, Appiani was also an art teacher and writer. He founded an art school in Milan and published a book about painting techniques and color theory.
Andrea Appiani had a significant influence on the neoclassical movement in Italian art, and his works continue to be admired for their beauty and technical excellence.
Appiani's style was characterized by the use of harmonious colors, classical forms, and emotionally expressive figures, which reflected the neoclassical ideals of clarity and simplicity. His best-known works include the frescoes in the Villa Reale in Milan, the painting of Napoleon's coronation, and the portrait of his close friend and fellow artist, Francesco Hayez.
Throughout his life, Appiani received numerous awards and accolades for his contributions to the arts, including a knighthood from the Order of Saints Maurice and Lazarus. He remained an active artist until his death in 1817, leaving behind a legacy that continues to inspire and influence artists to this day.
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