Pakistani music stars who deceased at age 70

Here are 17 famous musicians from Pakistan died at 70:

Abdus Salam

Abdus Salam (January 29, 1926 Jhang-November 21, 1996 Oxford) was a Pakistani physicist, scientist and professor.

He was the first Pakistani and the first Muslim to receive a Nobel Prize in Science for his work in the field of theoretical physics. Salam developed the Theory of Weak Interaction, which unifies two of the four fundamental forces of nature: electromagnetic and weak nuclear force. He also played a crucial role in the establishment of the International Centre for Theoretical Physics (ICTP) in Italy, which has provided opportunities for scientists from developing countries to conduct research and receive training in physics and mathematics. Despite his significant contributions to the field of physics, Salam faced discrimination within his own country due to his Ahmadiyya Muslim faith. He spent the last years of his life as a professor at Imperial College London, where he continued to teach and research despite suffering from a debilitating disease.

In addition to his scientific work, Abdus Salam was also an advocate for science education and the use of technology to improve the lives of people in developing countries. He founded and served as the chairman of the Pakistan Atomic Energy Commission and played a crucial role in Pakistan's nuclear program. Salam was also a member of several international organizations, including the Pontifical Academy of Sciences and the Royal Society of London. In recognition of his contributions, he was awarded numerous honors and awards, including the Atoms for Peace Award from the United Nations and the Copley Medal from the Royal Society of London. Despite facing discrimination and opposition throughout his life, Abdus Salam remained dedicated to advancing science and promoting education until his death in 1996.

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Iskander Mirza

Iskander Mirza (November 15, 1899 Murshidabad-November 15, 1969 London) was a Pakistani politician. He had three children, Shah Taj Imam Mirza, Enver Mirza and Humayum Mirza.

Iskander Mirza was the first President of Pakistan after it gained independence from British India in 1947. He served as President from 1956 until he was ousted in a military coup in 1958. Prior to his presidency, Mirza held various high-ranking positions in the British Indian government, including Deputy Commissioner and Commissioner of several districts in undivided Bengal.

After the military coup, Mirza was exiled and spent the rest of his life in London. He continued to be involved in Pakistani politics and was a vocal critic of General Ayub Khan's military regime. Mirza authored several books, including "My Version: Indus Saga and the Making of Pakistan" and "The Story of Pakistan". He died on his 70th birthday in London.

Iskander Mirza was born into a Muslim family of Turkish origin in India. He attended Calcutta University and later studied at the University of Oxford. He was known for his intelligence and his ability to speak fluent English, Urdu, Hindi, and Bengali. Mirza's political career began in 1926 when he was appointed to the Indian Civil Service. He played an active role in the Pakistan Movement and strongly advocated the idea of a separate Muslim state.

During his presidency, Mirza faced several challenges, including economic instability, political unrest, and tensions with India. He imposed martial law twice during his tenure and suspended the constitution in 1958 before being overthrown by General Ayub Khan. Mirza's legacy as the first President of Pakistan remains controversial, with some viewing him as a failed leader while others credit him for laying the foundations of a democratic system in the country.

Mirza's son, Shah Taj Imam Mirza, was an accomplished diplomat who served as the Ambassador of Pakistan to the United States and UNESCO, while his other son, Enver Mirza, was a prominent politician in Pakistan. His daughter, Humayum Mirza, was the wife of the renowned Pakistani cricketer, Hanif Mohammad.

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Farooq Leghari

Farooq Leghari (May 29, 1940 Choti Zareen-October 20, 2010 Rawalpindi) was a Pakistani politician.

He served as the eighth President of Pakistan from 1993 to 1997. Before becoming President, Leghari had a successful career in politics, having been a member of the National Assembly of Pakistan and also serving as the Governor of Punjab province. As President, he implemented several economic and social reforms, including the privatization of state-owned enterprises and the establishment of social safety net programs. However, his presidency was also marred by political controversies, including his dismissal of the government of Prime Minister Benazir Bhutto in 1996. After leaving office, Leghari remained active in politics and continued to advocate for democratic values and the rule of law in Pakistan until his death in 2010.

In addition to his political career, Farooq Leghari was also a respected agriculturist and businessman. He graduated from the Punjab University with a degree in Agriculture and went on to establish successful commercial farms in Punjab and Sindh provinces. Leghari was also a philanthropist who established charitable foundations to support education and healthcare in rural areas of Pakistan. He was widely respected as a principled and honest leader who believed in the importance of democratic institutions and freedom of the press. Leghari was also a keen supporter of environmental conservation and played an active role in promoting sustainable agriculture and renewable energy sources in Pakistan. Despite his many achievements, Leghari's legacy is somewhat overshadowed by his controversial decision to dismiss Prime Minister Bhutto's government, which led to a period of political instability in Pakistan. Nonetheless, he remains an important figure in Pakistani history and is remembered for his contributions to politics, agriculture, and philanthropy.

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Khawaja Nazimuddin

Khawaja Nazimuddin (July 19, 1894 Dhaka-October 22, 1964 Dhaka) was a Pakistani politician.

He served as the second Governor-General of Pakistan from 1948 to 1951 and then as the third Prime Minister of Pakistan from 1951 to 1953. Prior to his political career, Nazimuddin practiced law and was educated at Oxford University. He was also actively involved in the Pakistan Movement and played a key role in the creation of Pakistan. As Prime Minister, Nazimuddin faced many challenges, including economic instability and political unrest. His policies focused on promoting industrial development, expanding education and healthcare, and improving relations with neighboring countries. However, his government was often criticized for being authoritarian and suppressing political opposition. After leaving office, Nazimuddin retired from politics and focused on philanthropic work, including founding the Pakistan Red Crescent Society. He is remembered as a prominent figure in Pakistan's history and a key player in its early years as an independent nation.

In addition, Khawaja Nazimuddin was the first Bengali leader to hold the position of Prime Minister of Pakistan. He was also a strong advocate for the rights of Bengalis and worked to promote their cultural and linguistic identity within the framework of a united Pakistan. However, his efforts were met with opposition and led to tensions between East and West Pakistan. Nazimuddin's legacy is also remembered for his efforts to establish Pakistan as a democratic state, despite the challenges he faced in ensuring the smooth transition of power between governments. He remained a respected and influential figure in Pakistani politics until his death in 1964.

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Jon Elia

Jon Elia (December 14, 1931 Amroha-November 8, 2002 Karachi) was a Pakistani writer and philosopher.

He was born to a family of literary background with his father, Shafiq Hasan Elia, being a notable scholar and poet. Jon Elia was known for his unique writing style that combined classical and contemporary Urdu language, making his work distinctive and recognizable.

He started his career as a lecturer at the University of Karachi but left teaching to become a full-time writer. His famous collections of poetry include "Yani", "Shayad", and "Gumaan". Jon Elia was also known for his translation work, translating the works of Shakespeare, T.S. Eliot, and Edgar Allan Poe into Urdu.

Jon Elia was awarded the Kamal-e-Fun Award for his contributions to Urdu literature. He also co-founded the Academy Bazyaft, which aimed to promote literature and culture in Pakistan. Even after his death, Jon Elia remains one of the most influential poets and writers of modern Urdu literature.

Jon Elia's personal life was marked by tragedy, as he lost his father at a young age and later his brother, Rais Amrohvi, also a noted poet, committed suicide. These experiences had a significant impact on his poetry, which often dealt with themes of loss, grief and existential questions. Jon Elia was known for his unconventional approach to life, and his poetry reflected his worldview, which was both bleak and hopeful at the same time. He avoided social norms and was often seen as a rebel in the literary circles. Jon Elia's poetry has been translated into several languages, and his works continue to inspire new generations of writers and poets in Pakistan and beyond. His legacy has been celebrated through numerous literary events across the country, and his contribution to Urdu literature is widely recognized.

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Tahir Mirza

Tahir Mirza (November 1, 1936-May 29, 2007) was a Pakistani journalist.

Mirza was one of the pioneers of Pakistani journalism and played a significant role in establishing the National Press Trust. He began his career in journalism in the 1960s and quickly gained recognition for his fearless reporting and honest analysis. Besides being a journalist, Mirza was also an author and wrote several books on politics and the media. He was known for his critical views on government policies and was a vocal advocate for press freedom. After his death, the Tahir Mirza Foundation was established in his memory to promote journalism and support young journalists.

Mirza was born in Lahore and obtained a Master's degree in English Literature from Government College University in 1959. He worked for several newspapers throughout his career, including The Pakistan Times, The Frontier Post, and The Muslim. In 1973, he played a key role in the establishment of the National Press Trust, which aimed to protect the rights of journalists and promote a free press in Pakistan.

Mirza's contributions to Pakistani journalism have been widely recognized. He was awarded the prestigious Nishaan-e-Imtiaz, one of Pakistan's highest civil honors, for his services in journalism in 2004. Mirza was also a member of the Pakistan Federal Union of Journalists and was actively involved in promoting the rights of journalists in the country.

As an author, Mirza wrote several books on politics and the media, including "Media Coverage of the Martial Law Regime in Pakistan" and "Pakistan's Dilemma: The Failed Economic Model". He was respected for his honest and critical analysis of the political and economic situation in Pakistan.

Mirza's legacy continues to inspire young journalists in Pakistan. The Tahir Mirza Foundation, which was established after his death, provides scholarships and training opportunities to aspiring journalists in the country.

He died in lung cancer.

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Ibrahim Ismail Chundrigar

Ibrahim Ismail Chundrigar (September 15, 1897 Ahmedabad-March 13, 1968 Lahore) was a Pakistani politician.

He served as the fifth Prime Minister of Pakistan from October 1957 until December 1957. Chundrigar got his law degree in 1920 but opted to go into business instead of practicing law. He was a successful businessman and a prominent member of the Karachi business community. He joined the Muslim League in 1945 and became a leader within the party. Chundrigar was also the founder of the All Pakistan Organization and was an active participant in the Pakistan Movement.

In addition to his political pursuits, Ibrahim Ismail Chundrigar was also a philanthropist and worked to improve the education system in Pakistan. He helped establish the Hamdard University and also founded the Ibrahim Ismail Chundrigar Foundation, which provides financial assistance to students pursuing higher education in Pakistan. Chundrigar was a firm believer in democracy and constitutionalism and was respected for his integrity and honesty. Despite serving as Prime Minister for a brief period, he made efforts to introduce political and economic reforms. Chundrigar also played a key role in the establishment of the State Bank of Pakistan. His legacy as a visionary leader and advocate for democratic values continues to inspire people in Pakistan to this day.

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Gul Mohammad

Gul Mohammad (October 15, 1921 Pakistan-May 8, 1992) was a Pakistani personality.

Gul Mohammad was a successful and renowned Pakistani film actor, writer, director and producer. He started his career in the film industry in the late 1940s and became one of the most respected and acclaimed actors of his time. He acted in more than 150 films in his career spanning several decades.

Apart from acting, Gul Mohammad also wrote, directed and produced a number of films. He was a versatile artist who could portray different roles with equal ease and finesse. Some of his most memorable performances came in films such as Naila, Sher-e-Islam, Sohni Mahiwal and Aurat Aur Zamana.

Despite attaining such a level of success and fame, Gul Mohammad remained humble and grounded throughout his life. He was known for his generosity and kindness towards his co-workers and was highly respected by his peers and colleagues.

His death in 1992 was a great loss for the Pakistani film industry. However, his legacy continues to inspire and influence generations of actors and filmmakers in the country.

In addition to his contributions to film, Gul Mohammad also had a passion for social work. He was actively involved in a number of charitable organizations and worked towards the betterment of underprivileged communities in Pakistan. His philanthropic efforts earned him the title of "Gul-e-Mehrban" (the kind-hearted flower) among his fans and admirers.

Gul Mohammad's talent and dedication to his craft were recognized with numerous awards throughout his career. He received the prestigious Nigar Award for Best Actor multiple times and was also honored with the Presidential Pride of Performance Award for his services to the entertainment industry of Pakistan.

Besides his work in the film industry, Gul Mohammad also had a passion for poetry and literature. He wrote several books and contributed articles to various publications.

Gul Mohammad's contributions to Pakistani cinema and society have left an indelible mark on the country's cultural landscape. He will always be remembered as one of Pakistan's finest actors and a true humanitarian.

He died in liver tumour.

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Abdullah Haroon

Abdullah Haroon (January 1, 1872 Karachi-April 27, 1942 Karachi) was a Pakistani personality.

Abdullah Haroon was a renowned politician and social worker who played a significant role in the Pakistan Movement. He was among the founders of the All India Muslim League and served as the President of the Sindh Provincial Muslim League. Haroon was elected as a member of the Bombay Legislative Council and later the Central Legislative Assembly. He also served as the Mayor of Karachi from 1926-1927.

Apart from his political career, Abdullah Haroon was also known for his philanthropic work. He established various charitable trusts and institutions to support education and healthcare for the underprivileged. The Abdullah Haroon College in Karachi is named after him in recognition of his contribution to education.

Haroon was a strong advocate of the rights of Muslims in India and worked tirelessly to secure their political and social rights. He was a firm believer in the ideology of Allama Iqbal and shared his vision for a separate Muslim state. His contribution to the Pakistan Movement and his service to the people of Karachi was widely acknowledged and he continues to be remembered as one of the foremost leaders of his time.

Abdullah Haroon was born to a wealthy family in Karachi and received his early education at the Sindh-Madrasa-tul-Islam in Karachi. He was deeply influenced by Sir Syed Ahmed Khan, the founder of Aligarh Muslim University, and joined the All India Muslim League in 1906. Haroon's political career began when he was elected to the Bombay Legislative Council in 1913. He played a key role in the passage of the Sindh University Bill, which established the University of Sindh in 1947.

In addition to his political activities, Abdullah Haroon was a prominent businessman who owned several companies in Karachi, including the Haroon Brothers Ltd. and the Karachi Electric Supply Company. He was also instrumental in the establishment of the Karachi Chamber of Commerce and Industry, which promotes trade and investment in the city.

Abdullah Haroon was a staunch supporter of women's rights and worked to improve the educational opportunities for Muslim women in Sindh. He established the Abdullah Haroon Girls' High School in Karachi in 1930, which provided free education to girls from low-income families. Haroon's philanthropic work extended beyond education; he also established the Abdullah Haroon Hospital, one of the oldest hospitals in Karachi.

Abdullah Haroon passed away in 1942, just a few years before the creation of Pakistan. His legacy lives on through his contributions to education, healthcare, and politics, and he is remembered as a true visionary and leader who worked tirelessly for the betterment of his community.

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Zil-e-Huma (February 21, 1944 Lahore-May 16, 2014 Lahore) also known as Zil-e-Huma or Zile Huma was a Pakistani singer. She had four children, Mohammad Ali Butt, Ahmed Ali Butt, Mustafa Ali Butt and Hamza Ali Butt.

Zil-e-Huma, also known as the "singer with a golden voice", was born in Lahore, Pakistan. She started her career as a playback singer for Pakistani films in the 1960s and became a prominent name in the music industry. Zil-e-Huma collaborated with renowned music composers and produced several hit songs throughout her career. Some of her popular songs include "Aye Puttar Hattan Te Nai Wikde" and "Chal Bulleya Chal Othe Chaliye".

Aside from her contributions to music, Zil-e-Huma was also a social worker and philanthropist. She worked for the welfare of the underprivileged and donated generously to charities.

Zil-e-Huma's legacy continues to inspire and influence new generations of singers and artists in Pakistan. Her melodious voice and immense talent have left an indelible mark on the Pakistani music industry.

After completing her education, Zil-e-Huma enrolled at National College of Arts in Lahore to pursue a degree in Fine Arts. While studying at the institute, she also took music lessons from the renowned music maestro Ustad Bade Ghulam Ali Khan. This helped her to further refine her singing skills and establish herself as a versatile singer.

Zil-e-Huma's performances in various music concerts and shows earned her a wide fan following. She also received recognition for her soulful rendition of Sufi poetry. Zil-e-Huma was honored with the Pride of Performance Award in 1990 for her contribution to the music industry in Pakistan.

Apart from being a talented singer, Zil-e-Huma was also an actress and appeared in a few films in the 1960s. She also hosted a few television shows, including the popular music show "Tina Sani ke Sath".

Zil-e-Huma's family has continued to contribute to the arts and entertainment industry in Pakistan. Her sons, Ahmed Ali Butt and Hamza Ali Butt, are both successful actors and comedians.

She died in chronic kidney disease.

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Jagadish Gupta

Jagadish Gupta (July 1, 1886 Kushtia District-April 15, 1957 Kolkata) was a Pakistani writer.

Jagadish Gupta was a Pakistani writer who is known for his contribution in Bengali literature. He was born on July 1, 1886, in the Kushtia District of present-day Bangladesh. Gupta started his career in the early 20th century as a journalist and contributed to several newspapers and magazines. He was also actively involved in the Indian freedom struggle and was arrested several times by the British authorities.

Gupta authored several novels, short stories, and essays in Bengali. His works often reflected the social and political issues of the time, and he was considered one of the leading literary figures of his era. Some of his famous works include "Surya Dighal Bari", "Purboparar Bhalobasar Kahini", "Golapbud", and "Ghawre Bairey".

In addition to his literary works, Jagadish Gupta was also a prominent member of the Indian National Congress and was actively involved in the Quit India Movement. He was jailed several times for his activism, and later became a member of the Constituent Assembly of India.

Jagadish Gupta passed away on April 15, 1957, in Kolkata, India, leaving behind a rich legacy of literature and social activism.

During the latter part of his life, Jagadish Gupta served as a professor at Calcutta University, where he taught Bengali literature. He was also an active member of the Bangiya Sahitya Parishad, a cultural organization that promotes Bengali literature and language. Gupta's works have been translated into several languages and continue to be studied and celebrated by scholars and readers alike.

In recognition of his contribution to literature and social activism, Jagadish Gupta was posthumously awarded the Sahitya Akademi Award in 1959 for his novel "Surya Dighal Bari". His life and works have inspired generations of writers and activists to continue the fight for social justice and equality.

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Mumtaz Hamid Rao

Mumtaz Hamid Rao (June 16, 1941 Sialkot-November 8, 2011 Rawalpindi) was a Pakistani journalist.

He started his career as a reporter for Associated Press of Pakistan (APP) and served in several capacities during his career, including Chief Reporter, Islamabad Bureau Chief and Chief News Editor. Mumtaz Hamid Rao was known for his impartial reporting and his dedication to the field of journalism. He had a vast knowledge of international affairs and had covered several important events in Pakistan and abroad. He was awarded numerous awards for his work, including the prestigious Pride of Performance award in 2005.

Mumtaz Hamid Rao was born on June 16, 1941, in Sialkot, Pakistan. He completed his early education in his hometown and later moved to Lahore to pursue higher education. He earned his Bachelor's degree from the University of Punjab and started his career in journalism soon after.

During his career, Mumtaz Hamid Rao contributed to the development of the news industry in Pakistan by training and mentoring many young reporters. He was a strong advocate of press freedom and worked tirelessly to promote responsible journalism.

Mumtaz Hamid Rao had a keen interest in politics and was a regular commentator on political events in Pakistan. He wrote columns for several leading newspapers, including The News International, and was known for his insightful analysis and commentary on current affairs.

Mumtaz Hamid Rao was diagnosed with cancer and passed away on November 8, 2011, in Rawalpindi, Pakistan. His contributions to the field of journalism and his commitment to impartial reporting continue to inspire young journalists in Pakistan today.

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Hassam-ud-Din Rashidi

Hassam-ud-Din Rashidi (September 20, 1911 Larkana District-April 1, 1982 Makli Hill) was a Pakistani personality.

He was a renowned scholar, Sufi saint, and an Islamic philosopher who contributed significantly to the propagation of Islam in Pakistan. Hassam-ud-Din Rashidi's family had been involved in religious affairs for generations, and he inherited a keen interest in learning and preaching Islam.

He completed his education in different parts of the Indian subcontinent, including Qadian, Ajmer, and Ahmedabad, where he studied various subjects such as classical Islamic studies, Arabic, Persian and Urdu literature, and philosophy.

Hassam-ud-Din Rashidi was known for his vast knowledge of the Quran and Hadith, and he established several schools and mosques to spread Islamic teachings. He was also a prolific writer and authored many books on Islam, including "Tahafut al-Falasifah," a critical analysis of Aristotle's philosophy, which earned him recognition as an expert in Islamic philosophy.

Furthermore, Hassam-ud-Din Rashidi was a prominent member of Pakistan's political and religious community and actively participated in the political movements of his time. He advocated for the establishment of an Islamic state in Pakistan, which remains a significant influence on the country's political landscape today.

Hassam-ud-Din Rashidi passed away on April 1, 1982, and his shrine has become a renowned pilgrimage site for Muslims from around the world.

In addition to his contributions to Islamic scholarship and politics, Hassam-ud-Din Rashidi was also known for his philanthropy. He established several charitable organizations, including a hospital and an orphanage, that continue to serve the needs of the local community to this day.

Despite his considerable achievements, Hassam-ud-Din Rashidi remained humble and grounded in his faith throughout his life. He was known for his kindness, generosity, and devotion to God, which inspired many people in his community to follow in his footsteps.

Today, Hassam-ud-Din Rashidi is remembered as one of the most influential figures in Pakistan's Islamic history. His legacy continues to inspire countless people around the world to deepen their understanding of Islam and to live a life of service to others.

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Zarina Baloch

Zarina Baloch (December 29, 1934 Pakistan-October 25, 2005) was a Pakistani personality.

She was known as the "Queen of melody" and was a popular singer, actor, and director in both Pakistan and India. Zarina started her career as a radio artist and later moved to films, where she gained immense popularity with her melodious voice and vibrant on-screen persona. She appeared in several hit films during the 1950s and 1960s, including Jheel Ke Us Paar, Jab Se Tumhe Dekha Hai, and Footpath. Zarina was also a director and produced and directed several films, including Qaidi and Haar Gaya Insaan. She won numerous awards for her contributions to the entertainment industry and is still remembered as one of the most iconic and talented personalities in Pakistani cinema.

In addition to her singing and acting career, Zarina Baloch was also a talented writer and poet. She authored two books, "Khwab Aur Khayal" and "Zindagi Ke Rang", both of which were well-received by the literary community. Zarina was a multi-talented personality who was equally proficient in Urdu and Sindhi languages. Apart from her artistic contributions, Zarina was also actively involved in social work and was associated with several charitable organizations. She was a strong advocate of women's rights and empowerment and wanted to use her platform to raise awareness about important issues. Zarina Baloch passed away in 2005 due to a heart attack, leaving behind a rich and inspiring legacy.

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Cecil Chaudhry

Cecil Chaudhry (August 27, 1941 Dalwal-April 13, 2012 Lahore) was a Pakistani personality.

He was a decorated war hero, a teacher, and human rights activist. Cecil Chaudhry was a Flight Lieutenant in the Pakistan Air Force and played an influential role in the 1965 war between India and Pakistan. He was awarded the Sitara-e-Jurat and the Sitara-i-Basalat for his gallantry during the war.

After serving in the Air Force, Cecil Chaudhry became a teacher and devoted his life to promoting education and human rights in Pakistan. He established the Cecil & Iris Chaudhry Foundation, which provides education and training to underprivileged children and marginalized communities. He was also a strong advocate for the rights of religious minorities in Pakistan.

Cecil Chaudhry passed away on April 13, 2012, but his legacy lives on through the work of the foundation he established and the impact he had on promoting education and human rights in Pakistan.

In addition to his military service and philanthropic work, Cecil Chaudhry was also a prominent public figure in Pakistan. He regularly appeared on television and radio shows, where he advocated for human rights and minority rights. He was particularly vocal about the need to address issues facing the Christian community in Pakistan, and he often spoke out against discrimination and violence targeting religious minorities.

Chaudhry also wrote extensively, publishing articles and essays on a variety of topics related to social justice and education in Pakistan. His writing was widely respected and influential, and he was a sought-after speaker at conferences and events throughout the country.

Despite facing numerous challenges in his efforts to promote education and human rights, including threats and intimidation, Chaudhry remained committed to his work until his death. Today, he is remembered as a hero and role model in Pakistan, and his legacy continues to inspire those working to make their country a more just and equitable place for all.

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Badi' ud-Din Shah al-Rashidi

Badi' ud-Din Shah al-Rashidi (July 10, 1925 Hala, Sindh-January 8, 1996 Karachi) was a Pakistani personality.

He was a renowned scholar and linguist, proficient in several languages including Arabic, Persian, Urdu and Sindhi. He authored several books on Sufism, Islamic history, and literature, and was actively involved in the promotion of education and language development. In addition to his scholarly pursuits, al-Rashidi was also involved in social and political causes, and was associated with various organizations working for the betterment of society. He was a strong advocate of interfaith harmony and played an instrumental role in promoting dialogue and understanding among different communities. His contributions to scholarship, language development, and social and political activism continue to inspire many in Pakistan and beyond.

Al-Rashidi completed his early education in Hala and then moved to Karachi where he obtained his master's degree in Arabic from the University of Karachi. He then traveled to Egypt and obtained his Ph.D. in Arabic literature from Cairo University. Upon his return to Pakistan, he started his career as a professor of Arabic literature at the University of Sindh in Jamshoro. He later served as the Vice-Chancellor of the university from 1986 to 1989.

Al-Rashidi was a prolific writer and his works include "Abdullah Shah Ghazi", "Sindhi Sahafat", "Arfan-e-Saadi", and "Mazameen-e-Quran". He also worked as the editor of several literary magazines and played a key role in promoting and preserving the Sindhi language.

In recognition of his services to education and language development, al-Rashidi was awarded several awards including the Pride of Performance award by the Government of Pakistan in 1982. He passed away in 1996 at the age of 70, leaving behind a legacy of scholarship and activism.

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Abdul Hameed Adam

Abdul Hameed Adam (April 10, 1910-March 10, 1981 Lahore) was a Pakistani personality.

He was a notable Urdu poet, philosopher, translator, and scholar who made substantial contributions to the Urdu literature. Born in Punjab, India, he migrated to Pakistan after the partition in 1947. He had a strong grip on the Urdu language and his poetry reflected his love for nature, spirituality, and humanity. Apart from poetry, he also translated works of famous English poets, including Shakespeare's sonnets and John Keats' poems in Urdu. He received several awards for his literary contributions, including the Pride of Performance Award in 1962. Abdul Hameed Adam's poetry continues to inspire and engage readers around the world.

Abdul Hameed Adam's early life was marked with financial struggles, which led him to work odd jobs to support his family. However, his love for literature and Urdu poetry motivated him to write and publish his work. He started his career as a teacher but later moved to journalism and worked for various newspapers such as Zamindar and Nawa-i-Waqt.

In addition to his poetry and translations, Abdul Hameed Adam also wrote several critical essays, including one on the famous Urdu poet, Mirza Ghalib. He was also interested in music and had a particular fondness for Indian Classical music.

Abdul Hameed Adam was a member of the Pakistani Academy of Letters and the National Language Authority, and he played a significant role in the promotion and preservation of the Urdu language.

Despite his literary achievements, Abdul Hameed Adam remained a humble person throughout his life. He passed away in Lahore in 1981 and is remembered as one of the greatest Urdu poets of the 20th century.

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