Here are 25 famous musicians from Poland died at 66:
Marie Curie (November 7, 1867 Warsaw-July 4, 1934 Passy, Haute-Savoie) a.k.a. Maria Sklodowska-Curie, Madame Curie, Marie Skłodowska Curie, Maria Skłodowska or Maria Salomea Skłodowska-Curie was a Polish physicist, chemist and scientist. She had two children, Irène Joliot-Curie and Ève Curie.
Marie Curie was the first woman to ever receive a Nobel Prize, a feat which she achieved twice in different categories; she was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1903 and the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1911. She spent most of her career studying radioactivity, discovering and isolating radium and polonium alongside her husband, Pierre Curie. Her work laid the foundation for modern nuclear physics and medicine. During World War I, she became instrumental in setting up mobile radiography units called "Little Curies” which were used to diagnose and treat soldiers. Marie Curie was the first woman to become a professor at the University of Paris and the first person to win a Nobel Prize in two different fields. Her legacy has inspired generations of women to pursue careers in science.
She died in aplastic anemia.
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Jacob Bronowski (January 18, 1908 Łódź-August 22, 1974 East Hampton) a.k.a. J. Bronowski was a Polish scientist and mathematician. He had one child, Lisa Jardine.
Bronowski was also well-known for his work as a science popularizer and author. He presented the thirteen-part documentary television series "The Ascent of Man" in 1973, which explored the evolution of human civilization through scientific and technical advancements. Bronowski was also the author of several books, including "The Origins of Knowledge and Imagination" and "Science and Human Values". He was a fellow of the Royal Society of Literature and the Royal Society of Arts, and was awarded the CBE (Commander of the Order of the British Empire) in 1970. Despite his accomplishments, Bronowski was afflicted with heart disease for much of his life and passed away in 1974 at the age of 66.
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Ignacy Krasicki (February 3, 1735 Dubiecko-March 14, 1801 Berlin) was a Polish writer, novelist and poet.
He was a prominent figure of the Enlightenment era and is considered one of the fathers of Polish literature. Krasicki was a bishop in the Catholic Church and played a significant role in shaping the religious and political landscape of Poland at the time. He wrote in both Polish and Latin, and his works often revolved around social commentary and satire. Krasicki's most famous works include "The Fables and Parables," "The Dismissal of the Grecian Envoys," and "The Adventures of Nicholas Nickleby." His writing style was known for its wit and humor, and his works continue to be celebrated today as masterpieces of Polish literature.
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Artur Rodziński (January 1, 1892 Split-November 27, 1958 Boston) also known as Artur Rodzinski or Rodziński, Artur was a Polish conductor.
Genres he performed: Classical music.
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Tadeusz Boy-Żeleński (December 21, 1874 Warsaw-July 4, 1941 Lviv) a.k.a. Tadeusz Boy-Zelenski, Tadeusz Kamil Marcjan Żeleński or Dr. Tadeusz Boy-Żeleński was a Polish physician and journalist.
He was also a prominent literary and cultural figure during the interwar period in Poland. Boy-Żeleński was known for his satirical writing and his humorous take on contemporary issues. He was a prolific writer and published numerous books and articles throughout his career. In addition to his work in journalism and literature, Boy-Żeleński was also a respected physician, having earned his doctorate in medicine from the University of Geneva. He practiced medicine in Poland and Switzerland, specializing in gynecology and obstetrics. Boy-Żeleński was an active member of Polish cultural and political circles and was involved in numerous organizations dedicated to promoting Polish culture and independence. He died in Lviv in 1941, during the German occupation of Poland.
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Antoni Lange (April 28, 1862 Warsaw-March 17, 1929 Warsaw) was a Polish writer, poet, philosopher, translator and journalist.
He studied philosophy, archaeology and history of art in Paris and Rome. Lange was fluent in several languages, including French, Italian, German, English, Russian and Japanese, and he translated many works of world literature into Polish. His writing style was unique, combining symbolism, impressionism and decadence with Eastern mysticism and Catholic mysticism. Some of his most famous works include "The Music of the Spheres," "The Mirror of the Soul," and "The Hymn of a Polish Girl." Lange is considered to be one of the most important Polish writers of his time, and his works continue to be studied and admired today.
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Zygmunt Witymir Bieńkowski (May 2, 1913-August 15, 1979) also known as Zygmunt Witymir Bienkowski was a Polish writer.
He was born in Warsaw, Poland and was known for his works of fiction and non-fiction. He completed his education in law and economics from the University of Warsaw before beginning his career in writing in 1932. During World War II, he was a part of the Polish resistance movement and fought against the Nazi regime. After the war, he worked as a journalist and editor for various publications. Some of his notable works include "The Memoirs of Barrister X", "Beyond the Mountains", and "Shakespeare and his London Theatre". Bienkowski was also a member of the Polish Writers' Union and was recognized for his contributions to Polish literature.
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Stefan Garczyński (April 5, 1690-September 24, 1756) also known as Stefan Garczynski was a Polish writer.
He was born in Rzeszow, Poland and was educated at the Jesuit College in Lviv. Garczynski began his literary career with the publication of a collection of Polish-Latin poems, entitled “Muse Poloniae” (The Muse of Poland) in 1716. In the following years, he wrote many works in various genres, including poetry, drama, and essays.
Garczynski was strongly influenced by the Enlightenment and sought to promote rationalism and tolerance, and his works often critiqued the conservative elements of Polish society. He was a prominent member of the Polish literary society, the Warsaw Confederation of Friends of Science, and also served as the rector of the Jesuit College in Lviv.
In addition to his literary and educational activities, Garczynski was involved in politics, serving as a member of the Sejm, the Polish parliament, and working to promote the rights of peasants and the lower classes. He died in Lviv in 1756, leaving behind a significant body of work that continues to be studied and celebrated in Poland to this day.
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Rudolph Maté (January 21, 1898 Kraków-October 27, 1964 Hollywood) a.k.a. Rudolph Mate, Rudoph Maté, Rudoph Mate, Rudolf Mayer, R. Maté, Rudy, Rudy Mathé, Rudy Maté or Rudolf Matheh was a Polish cinematographer, film director and film producer.
Maté began his career in the film industry in Hungary, where he worked as a cameraman and cinematographer during the silent film era. In the 1930s, he moved to the United States and became a naturalized citizen. Maté is perhaps best known for his work as a cinematographer on the classic film noir "Gilda" (1946), starring Rita Hayworth. He also worked as cinematographer on other notable films such as "Foreign Correspondent" (1940) and "The Passion of Joan of Arc" (1928).
Maté then transitioned into directing and produced over 70 feature films in his career, including "D.O.A." (1950), which is considered a classic film noir. Maté's directing style often involved creative camera techniques and visual effects, and his films were known for their suspenseful and thrilling plots. He continued to work in the film industry until his death in 1964.
He died in myocardial infarction.
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Roman Cieślewicz (January 13, 1930 Lviv-January 21, 1996 Paris) was a Polish graphic designer.
Cieślewicz moved to Poland with his family after World War II and began working as a graphic designer in the 1950s. He soon became a prominent figure in the Polish graphic design scene and gained recognition for his innovative and avant-garde designs. In the 1960s, he moved to Paris and continued to work as a graphic designer for a variety of clients, including Elle magazine and the French Communist Party. Cieślewicz was known for his collages and photomontages, which often combined elements of popular culture with political and social commentary. He was also involved in the artistic movements of the 1960s and 70s, participating in protests and creating works that challenged existing power structures. Today, Cieślewicz is considered a pioneer in the field of graphic design and his work continues to influence designers around the world.
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Jerzy Zawieyski (October 2, 1902-June 18, 1969 Warsaw) was a Polish writer, journalist, politician, playwright and actor.
During World War II, Zawieyski took part in Polish resistance against the Nazi occupation, working as a soldier and a courier. After the war, he became a prominent figure in the Polish Communist Party and was elected to the Sejm (Polish parliament) in 1947. As a writer, Zawieyski was known for his satirical works, including the novel "Kolumbowie" and the play "Panopticum." He was also involved in theater as an actor and director. Despite his political activities, Zawieyski was critical of the Soviet Union and its policies, and was eventually expelled from the Communist Party in 1956 during the period of de-Stalinization. He continued to write and work in theater until his death in 1969.
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Jan Buzek (March 27, 1874 Konská-November 24, 1940 Dachau concentration camp) also known as Dr. Jan Buzek was a Polish physician and politician.
He was a member of the Polish Socialist Party and served as a member of the Polish parliament (Sejm) from 1922 to 1927. Buzek was also known for his work as a physician and researcher, specializing in dermatology and syphilology. He authored several scientific papers on these topics, and was a respected member of the medical community both in Poland and abroad.
Unfortunately, Buzek's political activities eventually led to his arrest by the Gestapo in 1940. He was sent to the Dachau concentration camp, where he died later that year. Buzek's legacy as a physician and politician has been honored in Poland, with several institutions and awards bearing his name.
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Władysław Raczkowski (May 19, 1893 Congress Poland-July 1, 1959) was a Polish conductor.
He is best known for his work as the artistic director and conductor of the Warsaw Philharmonic Orchestra from 1928 to 1939. Under his leadership, the orchestra gained international recognition and toured throughout Europe. Raczkowski was also a prolific composer, with over 100 works to his name, including symphonies, concertos, operas, and chamber music. After World War II, he continued to work as a conductor and composer, but faced challenges under the communist regime in Poland. Despite this, he remained a respected figure in the Polish music community until his death in 1959.
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Józef Korbas (November 11, 1914 Kraków-October 2, 1981 Katowice) also known as Jozef Korbas was a Polish personality.
He was a celebrated sculptor, painter, and graphic artist who made significant contributions to the field of modern art in Poland. After studying at the Academy of Fine Arts in Krakow, Korbas worked as a professor at the same academy from 1950 until his retirement in 1980. He was a member of several art associations and exhibited his works in numerous solo and group shows throughout his career. Korbas' art was characterized by an abstract style that incorporated elements of expressionism and surrealism, and he was particularly known for his large-scale sculptures that often depicted human figures or animals. In addition to his artistic pursuits, Korbas was deeply involved in social and political causes, and was an active participant in the Polish resistance movement during World War II. Despite facing persecution by the Communist regime in Poland for his political beliefs, Korbas continued to produce art that was both innovative and socially engaged.
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Janina Zakrzewska (December 12, 1928 Warsaw-May 27, 1995) was a Polish lawyer.
She was a prominent women's rights activist and defender of human rights, who fought against the repressive policies of the Communist government in Poland. Zakrzewska was known for her commitment to justice, equality, and freedom, as well as her sharp legal mind and fearless determination. She was one of the founders of the Committee for the Defense of Workers, which provided legal assistance to workers and defended their rights against exploitation by employers.
Throughout her career, Zakrzewska defended numerous political dissidents, including members of Solidarity, and helped those who were unjustly imprisoned or facing persecution by the government. She also worked tirelessly to promote gender equality, advocating for women's reproductive rights and the right to equal pay for equal work.
Despite facing harassment, threats, and frequent arrests by the government, Zakrzewska never wavered in her commitment to the principles of justice and human rights. Her legacy as a champion of social justice and defender of civil liberties continues to inspire others around the world.
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Leon Schiller (April 14, 1887 Kraków-March 25, 1954 Warsaw) also known as Schiller, Leon or Leon Schiller de Schildenfeld was a Polish writer, film score composer, screenwriter, composer and film director.
Schiller was a significant figure in the history of Polish theater and film industry. He founded the first Polish drama school in 1919, which later became the National Academy of Dramatic Art in Warsaw. Schiller also directed over 20 films, including several adaptations of classic Polish literature. He was a pioneer in the use of sound in Polish cinema and composed the scores for many of his own films. Schiller's contributions to Polish theater and film were instrumental in shaping the country's cultural identity in the early 20th century. He was honored with numerous awards and recognition for his work in the arts.
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Stanisław Lubomirski (April 5, 1583-June 16, 1649) was a Polish personality. His children are called Aleksander Michał Lubomirski, Anna Krystyna Lubomirska, Jerzy Sebastian Lubomirski, Konstanty Jacek Lubomirski and Konstancja Lubomirska.
Stanisław Lubomirski was a prominent nobleman and military commander during the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. He was the Grand Marshal of the Crown from 1638 until his death in 1649. Lubomirski was known for his skills in diplomacy and politics, as well as his prowess in battle. During the Khmelnytsky Uprising, he played a crucial role in defending the Commonwealth against the Cossack forces. Lubomirski was also a patron of the arts and sciences, and he founded the Lubomirski Academy in Krakow. His legacy continues to be celebrated in Poland today as a symbol of courage, patriotism, and intellectual curiosity.
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Robert Schatten (January 28, 1911 Lviv-August 26, 1977 New York City) was a Polish mathematician.
He was best known for his contributions to the field of functional analysis, particularly for his work on the theory of Banach spaces. Schatten's theorem, which he proved in 1949, remains a fundamental result in the field of linear operators.
Born in Lviv, which was then part of the Austro-Hungarian Empire, Schatten studied mathematics at the University of Lviv before moving to Warsaw to continue his studies. He received his Ph.D. from the University of Warsaw in 1934 and held teaching positions at various universities in Europe before emigrating to the United States in 1941.
In the US, Schatten held positions at several universities, including Princeton and Columbia. He was a member of the National Academy of Sciences and the American Academy of Arts and Sciences. Schatten's contributions to mathematics were recognized with numerous awards and honors, including the Leroy P. Steele Prize in 1975.
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Józef Aleksander Jabłonowski (February 4, 1711 Volhynia-March 1, 1777 Leipzig) was a Polish personality.
He was a nobleman, politician, military commander and patron of the arts. Jabłonowski served as Grand Crown Hetman, the highest military commander of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, from 1764-1768. He fought in numerous military campaigns, including the Seven Years' War, and was a staunch defender of the Commonwealth's independence. Jabłonowski was also a significant patron of the arts, contributing to the development of literature, music and theater in Poland. He established a theater in his residence that became famous for its talented actors and lavish productions. His legacy lives on as a symbol of patriotism, military leadership, and artistic patronage in Poland.
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Andrew Bobola (April 5, 1591 Sandomierz Voivodeship-May 16, 1657 Ivanava) was a Polish personality.
He was a Jesuit priest, missionary, and martyr who served during the period of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. Bobola is known for his heroic efforts to spread the Catholic faith throughout Lithuania and Ukraine, despite enduring numerous hardships and dangers.
In addition to his missionary work, Bobola was also a talented writer and orator. He authored several religious works, including sermons and devotional texts, which were widely read and admired throughout the Catholic world.
Despite his many accomplishments, Bobola's life was cut short by his brutal martyrdom at the hands of Cossack rebels during the Khmelnytsky Uprising. He was captured, tortured, and ultimately put to death for his refusal to renounce his faith.
Bobola's legacy lives on today as a symbol of courage, faith, and dedication to the Catholic Church. He was canonized as a saint in 1938 by Pope Pius XI, and his feast day is celebrated on May 16th.
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Leon Wasilewski (August 24, 1870 Saint Petersburg-December 10, 1936 Warsaw) was a Polish politician. His child is called Wanda Wasilewska.
Wasilewski was a notable figure in the Polish Socialist Party, and later worked as a journalist and publisher. He was elected to the Polish Sejm in 1922 and served as Minister of Labor and Social Welfare under the government of Prime Minister Władysław Grabski. During his tenure, he worked to improve labor laws and social policies for workers.
Wasilewski was also active in the anti-fascist movement and fought against the rising tide of fascism in Europe during the 1930s. He was a staunch opponent of the authoritarian regime of Marshal Józef Piłsudski and his supporters. Despite his political differences with the government, he continued to work for the betterment of the Polish people and remained committed to socialism and democracy until his death in 1936.
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Wojciech Korfanty (April 20, 1873 Siemianowice Śląskie-August 17, 1939 Warsaw) was a Polish politician.
He is best known for his involvement in the Silesian Uprisings, which aimed to return the Upper Silesia region to Poland after it was partitioned among Prussia, Austria, and Russia. Korfanty was also a member of the Polish parliament and a leader of the Polish National Party. He played a significant role in the interwar period of Polish history, advocating for the rights of ethnic Poles in the territories controlled by Germany. Korfanty eventually became a target of Nazi persecution and was arrested and imprisoned multiple times. He died in Warsaw on the eve of World War II. Today, Korfanty is regarded as a hero in Poland for his contributions to the nation's independence and his defense of minority rights.
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Thomas Szczeponik (December 4, 1860 Pyskowice-January 30, 1927 Katowice) was a Polish personality.
He is best known for his involvement in the promotion of Polish culture and activism in the Silesian region during the early 20th century. Szczeponik was a prominent member of various cultural organizations and activist groups, including the Polish Gymnastic Society "Sokół" and the Polish School Society. He also served as a local councilor in Katowice from 1919 until his death in 1927.
Szczeponik was passionate about education and helped establish several Polish-language schools in the region. He was also a strong advocate for workers' rights and played an active role in the region's labor movement. Szczeponik's contributions to Polish culture and activism continue to be celebrated in the Silesian region today.
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Stanisław August Poniatowski (January 17, 1732 Vowchyn-February 12, 1798 Saint Petersburg) otherwise known as Stanisław II August or Stanisław Antoni Poniatowski was a Polish personality. He had seven children, Izabela Grabowska, Stanisław Grabowski, Konstancja Żwanowa, Michal Grabowski, Michał Cichocki, Anna Petrovna and Kazimierz Grabowski.
Stanisław August Poniatowski was a notable figure in Polish and European history as the last King and Grand Duke of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. He was elected king in 1764, and his reign was marked by attempts to reform the country's political and economic systems while also dealing with the growing influence of neighboring powers.
Before becoming king, Poniatowski had a successful career as a diplomat and statesman, serving as ambassador to Russia and other countries. He also had a reputation as a patron of the arts and culture, and his court was known for its elegance and cosmopolitanism.
Poniatowski faced many challenges during his reign, including wars with Russia and Austria, and struggles with powerful noble families who opposed his reforms. Despite his efforts, the Commonwealth eventually fell apart, with its territory being divided among neighboring powers in the late 18th century.
Poniatowski's personal life was also marked by controversy, as he had a long-time relationship with the Russian Empress Catherine the Great, who was both his lover and political ally. His death in 1798 was mourned by many Poles as the end of an era, and he remains a complex and contested figure in Polish history.
He died caused by stroke.
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Jacques Bergier (August 8, 1912 Odessa-November 23, 1978 Paris) was a Polish engineer and writer.
He worked as a chemical engineer and was part of the French Resistance during World War II. After the war, he became a prolific writer, authoring books on a variety of subjects ranging from science to occultism. His most famous work is "The Morning of the Magicians", which he co-wrote with Louis Pauwels. The book explores various esoteric and mystical concepts, including alchemy, the Tarot, and the search for hidden knowledge. Bergier was also a member of the OTO (Ordo Templi Orientis), a secret society founded by Aleister Crowley. Despite his interest in the occult, Bergier remained a respected figure in the scientific community and published several books on chemistry and physics.
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