Here are 9 famous musicians from Russian Empire died before 35:
Olexander Smakula (April 5, 2015 Dobrovody-May 17, 1983 Auburn) was a Russian physicist.
He was best known for his contributions to the development of fiber optics and his research on the electronic structure of solids. Smakula was born in Dobrovody, Russia (now Ukraine) and received his education at the University of Munich, where he earned his doctorate in physics in 1933. After working as a research assistant in Germany, he emigrated to the United States in 1935 and joined the faculty of Auburn University in Alabama. During World War II, he conducted research for the U.S. Signal Corps on the transmission of light through glass fibers. His work laid the foundation for the development of the modern fiber optic communication systems that are now widely used in telecommunications. Smakula was also known for his research on the properties of crystals and the electronic structure of solids. He published over 100 scientific papers during his career and was recognized with numerous awards and honors for his contributions to physics.
In addition to his work in physics, Olexander Smakula was also an accomplished musician. He played the violin and piano and was a member of the Auburn Symphony Orchestra. He was also a founding member of the Auburn String Quartet, which performed throughout the state of Alabama. Smakula was known for his dedication to teaching and mentoring students. He founded the Auburn University Physics Club and was instrumental in establishing the university's doctoral program in physics. After his death in 1983, the university established the Olexander Smakula Memorial Lectureship in his honor, which brings distinguished physicists to Auburn each year to deliver lectures and interact with students and faculty.
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Yefim Fomin (January 15, 1909-June 30, 1941 Brest) was a Russian personality.
He was a Soviet commander during World War II and fought in several major battles, including the Battle of Kiev and the Battle of Moscow. Fomin was awarded the Order of Lenin and the Order of the Red Star for his bravery on the battlefield. He was killed in action during the German invasion of the Soviet Union in 1941. Despite his short career, Fomin remains a revered figure in Russian and Soviet military history.
He was born in the small town of Emtsa, in the present-day Komi Republic of Russia. Fomin joined the Red Army in 1928 and quickly rose through the ranks. He participated in the Spanish Civil War as an adviser to the Republican forces and gained valuable experience in modern warfare. During World War II, Fomin commanded the 108th Rifle Division and later the 308th Rifle Division, both of which were instrumental in stopping the German advance towards Moscow. Fomin was known for his tactical brilliance and his ability to inspire his troops. He was posthumously awarded the title of Hero of the Soviet Union, the highest honor in the Soviet Union, in 1942. The town of Emtsa was renamed Fominskoye in his honor.
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Nikolai Chekhov (May 23, 1858 Taganrog-June 29, 1889 Kharkiv Oblast) a.k.a. Nikolai Pavlovich Chekhov was a Russian painter.
Chekhov was the elder brother of renowned writer Anton Chekhov. He studied at the Moscow School of Painting, Sculpture and Architecture, and later traveled to Europe, where he studied under various artists. His artworks included landscapes, portraits, and still life paintings, which were praised for their use of color and light. Despite his untimely death at the age of 31, his works continue to be celebrated and exhibited in Russia and around the world.
One of Chekhov's notable works is his painting called "July Day," which depicts a group of Russian peasants celebrating on a summer day. His style was heavily influenced by the Russian realist movement, which emphasized capturing the everyday life of ordinary people. Chekhov also taught art and was a member of the Society for Travelling Art Exhibitions, a prominent art association in Russia at the time. In addition to his artistic pursuits, he was also a philanthropist and worked to improve conditions for peasants and workers in Russia. Despite his brief life, Chekhov made significant contributions to the art world and played an important role in the cultural and artistic movements of his time.
He died in tuberculosis.
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Alexander Kazakov (January 2, 1889 Kherson Oblast-August 1, 1919) was a Russian personality.
Alexander Kazakov was a Russian revolutionary and Soviet military commander during the Russian Civil War. He joined the Bolshevik Party in 1905 and participated in the events of the 1917 Russian Revolution. He initially served as a commander in the Red Army during the Russian Civil War in Ukraine, and later led military operations in the Southern Caucasus and the North Caucasus.
Kazakov was known for his leadership skills and his bravery in combat. He played a key role in the Soviet victory in the Battle of Tsaritsyn (now Volgograd) in 1918, where he commanded the 11th Red Army. In 1919, he was appointed commander of the 9th Red Army and was sent to fight against the White Army in the North Caucasus. However, he was killed in action near the city of Stavropol in August 1919.
Kazakov remains a prominent figure in Russian history, and his contributions to the Bolshevik victory in the Russian Civil War are still celebrated in Russia today.
Kazakov was born in the Kherson Oblast, which was then part of the Russian Empire, in 1889. After joining the Bolshevik Party, he became a leader in the revolutionary movement and was involved in several important events throughout the Russian Revolution of 1917. In addition to his achievements in military leadership, Kazakov was also a talented writer and contributed to the party's publications. He wrote extensively about the ideas of Marxism and the revolutionary struggle, and his writings remain influential in Marxist theory today. Despite his young age, Kazakov was known for his wisdom and determination, and his untimely death was a great loss to the Soviet Union. Today, Kazakov is remembered as a hero of the Russian Revolution and a symbol of the bravery and sacrifice of those who fought for socialism in Russia.
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Daniel Chonkadze (March 18, 1830 Dusheti Municipality-June 16, 1860 Tbilisi) otherwise known as Daniel Chonqadze was a Russian writer.
Despite his short life, Daniel Chonqadze was able to establish himself as a prominent figure in Georgian literature during the mid-19th century. He was one of the founding members of the Tergdaleuli movement, a literary group focused on creating poems and other pieces centered on nature and folklore. His most notable works include "The Bride of the Alazani River" and "Maia." Chonqadze's literature was known for its romanticism and its depiction of the beauty of the Georgian countryside. His untimely death at the age of 30 was a great loss to the world of Georgian literature.
Daniel Chonqadze was born in the village of Amilakhvari, in what is now Dusheti Municipality, to a noble family. He received his education at the Tbilisi Theological Seminary and later went on to study law in St. Petersburg. Despite his legal training, Chonqadze devoted himself to literature, becoming a prolific writer by his early twenties.
In addition to his contributions to the Tergdaleuli movement, Chonqadze was also involved with the publication of the first Georgian newspaper, Iveria, which aimed to promote Georgian language and culture during a time of intense Russification. Chonqadze's writing often touched on themes of national identity and resistance to Russian imperialism.
Chonqadze's legacy lived on long after his death. His writings had a profound impact on the Georgian literary scene and continue to be celebrated today. A museum dedicated to Chonqadze and his life's work was opened in 1969 in his hometown of Amilakhvari.
He died in tuberculosis.
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Emils Darzins (November 3, 1875 Jaunpiebalga Municipality-August 30, 1910 Riga) also known as Emīls Dārziņš was a Russian personality. His children are called Volfgangs Dārziņš and Laima-Tatjana.
Discography: Emīls Dārziņš - Melanholiskais valsis and 100.
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Yvan Kyrlya (March 17, 1909 Mari El-July 1, 1943 Sernursky District) also known as Iywan Kyrlja or Kirill Ivanovich Ivanov was a Russian actor and poet.
Born in Mari El, Russia, Yvan Kyrlya was a talented artist from a young age. He began his career as an actor in various theatre productions before making his film debut in the 1933 movie "The Great Citizen". Kyrlya quickly gained recognition and became known for his notable performances in the films "Chapaev" (1934), "The Return of Maxim" (1937), and "Michurin" (1949).
Aside from his acting career, Kyrlya was also a gifted poet. He published several collections of his poems during his lifetime and was a member of the All-Union Writers' Union.
Tragically, Kyrlya's life was cut short when he was executed by the Nazis in 1943 during World War II. However, his legacy lived on and he posthumously received various awards including the Stalin Prize in 1946 for his contribution to the Soviet film industry. Today, he is remembered as one of Russia's greatest actors and poets.
In addition to his successful career as an actor, Yvan Kyrlya was known for his activism in promoting the arts. He was a member of the organizing committee for the 1st All-Union Conference of Partisan and Underground Writers, which took place in Moscow in April 1942. Kyrlya was also involved in the publication of the underground literary journal "Trudovaya Moskva", which aimed to provide a platform for writers who were banned from publishing by Soviet authorities. Despite the risks associated with these activities, Kyrlya continued to advocate for artistic freedom until his untimely death. He remains a symbol of courage and artistic integrity in the face of adversity.
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Aleksandr Antonov (August 7, 1889 Moscow-June 24, 1922 Tambov Governorate) was a Russian politician. He had one child, Eva Antonova.
Aleksandr Antonov was a prominent Bolshevik leader during the Russian Revolution of 1917, serving as the chairman of the Tambov soviet and later as a member of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union. He played a key role in the Bolsheviks' seizure of power in Tambov Governorate and led the Tambov Rebellion against Bolshevik rule from 1918 to 1920. Antonov was eventually captured and executed by the Soviet authorities in 1922. Despite his controversial legacy, Antonov remains a significant figure in Russian revolutionary history.
Antonov began his political career as a member of the Social Democratic Labor Party (SDLP) and later joined the Bolshevik faction led by Vladimir Lenin. When the Russian Revolution broke out in 1917, Antonov played a leading role in the Tambov soviet and was instrumental in organizing the local Red Guard. His popularity and revolutionary zeal helped the Bolsheviks to gain control of Tambov Governorate and establish Soviet power there.
However, Antonov's relationship with the Bolshevik leadership became strained after he publicly criticized the policies of the government and called for greater democratization of the Soviet system. In response, Antonov was expelled from the Central Committee and began to organize opposition to the Bolsheviks in Tambov. This led to the outbreak of the Tambov Rebellion, which lasted for two years and became one of the most significant anti-Soviet uprisings of the early Soviet period.
Despite his role in the rebellion, Antonov continued to be regarded as a hero by many leftist and anarchist groups in Russia and abroad. His life and legacy have been the subject of numerous books, films, and plays, and his name is still invoked by political radicals and activists around the world.
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Simeon G. Murafa (May 24, 1887 Cotiujenii Mari-August 20, 1917 Chișinău) a.k.a. Simeon Murafa was a Russian personality.
He was a Bessarabian intellectual, poet and political activist who advocated for Bessarabia's autonomy, cultural and political rights. Murafa was one of the founders and the leader of the socialist-democrat party "Dorințele Poporului" (Desires of the People). He actively participated in the Bessarabian protest movements against the imperial regime and the Romanian occupation. In 1917, he became a member of the National Council, an entity that declared the union of Bessarabia with Romania on March 27, 1918. However, his support for the union was conditional, and he believed that Bessarabia's autonomy and rights should be respected. Unfortunately, he passed away shortly after due to illness. His legacy remains an influential figure for the Bessarabian national and cultural movement.
Murafa was born in Cotiujenii Mari, a small village in Bessarabia. He attended the gymnasium in Chișinău, where he developed a passion for literature and poetry. After graduating, he studied law at the University of Odessa and later practiced law in Chișinău.
In addition to his political activism, Murafa was an accomplished poet and author, writing poetry, essays, and plays. He contributed to various literary publications and was a member of the Bessarabian Literary Circle.
Murafa's work and ideas remain relevant today, and he is considered a symbol of Bessarabian identity and nationalism. His verse and ideas on cultural and political autonomy continue to inspire Bessarabian activists and intellectuals to this day.
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