Here are 15 famous musicians from Spain died at 71:
Rafael Calvo Serer (October 6, 1916-April 5, 1988) was a Spanish writer.
He was also a literary critic and essayist. Calvo Serer was born in Valencia, Spain and studied philosophy and literature at the University of Madrid. He became a professor of literature and held various academic appointments throughout his career. Calvo Serer was a major figure in the literary and cultural scene of Spain during the mid-20th century. He was a co-founder and editor of the literary magazine Papeles de Son Armadans, which published the works of many prominent writers and intellectuals. In addition to his literary work, Calvo Serer was also an outspoken defender of democracy and human rights in Spain. He was a member of the Spanish Parliament and served as Minister of Education and Culture in the early 1970s. Calvo Serer's writings and activism helped pave the way for the transition to democracy following the death of General Francisco Franco in 1975.
Throughout his career, Rafael Calvo Serer was a prolific writer and his work covered various topics including literature, art, politics, and society. He wrote several acclaimed books, including "The Spanish Bourgeois Novel" (1955) and "The Myth of the Spanish Character" (1958). In "The Spanish Bourgeois Novel", Calvo Serer analyzed the literary movement that emerged in Spain in the early 20th century and its relationship with the country's social and political context. "The Myth of the Spanish Character" examined the various stereotypes and myths that had been constructed about Spain and its people over the centuries.
In addition to his literary and academic pursuits, Calvo Serer was also active in politics. He was a member of the Spanish Socialist Party, and in the 1970s he served as the Minister of Education and Culture in the government of Adolfo Suárez. In this role, he was instrumental in introducing sweeping reforms in the education system and promoting cultural activities throughout the country. After Franco's death, Calvo Serer continued to be involved in politics and was a member of the committee responsible for drafting the Spanish Constitution of 1978.
Despite his many achievements, Rafael Calvo Serer's legacy is complicated by his involvement with Franco's regime early in his career. In the 1940s and 1950s, he wrote several articles in support of the regime's cultural policies and was even awarded a prize by Franco himself. However, as he became increasingly disillusioned with the regime's repressive tactics and lack of democracy, Calvo Serer's political views evolved, and he became a vocal advocate for reform and democracy. Today, he is remembered as an important figure in Spanish literature and culture, as well as a key player in Spain's transition to democracy.
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Angelines Fernández (July 9, 1922 Madrid-March 25, 1994 Cuauhtémoc, D.F.) a.k.a. Angelines Fernandez, Angelines Fernández Abad, María de los Ángeles Fernández Abad or María de los Ángeles "Angelines" Fernández Abad was a Spanish actor. She had one child, Paloma Fernández.
Angelines Fernández was best known for her portrayal of "Doña Clotilde" in the popular Mexican sitcom, "El Chavo del Ocho". She moved to Mexico in the 1950s and began her acting career in theater, radio, and film. She appeared in over 80 movies and television shows throughout her career. Fernández was also known for her talent in singing and dancing, and she often incorporated these skills into her performances. Despite her successful acting career, Fernández faced financial difficulties and health problems in her later years. She passed away at the age of 71, leaving behind a legacy as one of Mexico's most beloved actresses.
Fernández had a natural talent for acting since childhood, and her father encouraged her to pursue a career in the entertainment industry. She began her professional career in Spain before moving to Mexico, where she became a top-tier actress of the golden age of Mexican cinema. She worked alongside some of the biggest stars of the time, including Cantinflas and María Félix.
In addition to her acting career, Fernández was known for her philanthropic work. She often donated her time and money to children's charities and was a strong advocate for public health reform.
Fernández's legacy continued long after her death, and she remains a beloved figure in Mexican pop culture. In 2018, Google paid tribute to her with a Google Doodle on what would have been her 96th birthday, recognizing her contributions to Mexican entertainment and culture.
She died in lung cancer.
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José Iraragorri (March 16, 1912 Algorta-April 27, 1983) was a Spanish personality.
He was best known for his contributions to the world of football (soccer) as the founder and owner of Club Deportivo Guadalajara, a Mexican professional football club. After fleeing Spain during the Spanish Civil War, Iraragorri arrived in Mexico and quickly became involved in the country's growing football scene. He founded CD Guadalajara in 1906 with a mission to create a team that represented the working-class people of Mexico. Under Iraragorri's ownership, CD Guadalajara became one of the most successful football clubs in the country, winning numerous league championships and producing many of Mexico's top players. Iraragorri is remembered as a pioneer of Mexican football and a symbol of the sport's importance to Mexican culture.
Outside of his contributions to football, José Iraragorri was also a successful businessman who built a large fortune through a variety of industries. He made his first fortune in real estate before expanding into banking, oil, and other ventures. His success in business allowed him to invest heavily in his football team, creating state-of-the-art facilities for players and fans alike. Iraragorri was also known for his philanthropic work, donating generously to various charities throughout Mexico. Despite his immense wealth and success, Iraragorri remained dedicated to his roots and humble beginnings throughout his life. He is remembered as a visionary leader who helped shape the course of Mexican football and left a lasting legacy in both sports and business.
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Ana Mariscal (July 31, 1923 Madrid-March 28, 1995 Madrid) a.k.a. Ana María Rodríguez-Arroyo Mariscal or Anna Mariscal was a Spanish screenwriter, film director, actor and film producer.
Born in Madrid in 1923, Ana Mariscal began her career in the entertainment industry as an actress, working prolifically in Spanish cinema during the 1940s and 1950s. However, she soon became frustrated with the limited roles available to women in the industry and began writing her own scripts. She went on to become one of the few female filmmakers in Spain at the time and directed a number of successful films.
In addition to her work as a filmmaker, Mariscal was also a prominent figure in Spanish cultural life. She was a staunch supporter of the Franco regime and was known for her conservative political views. She was a member of Franco's Spanish Royal Academy of Fine Arts and was awarded numerous honors for her contributions to Spanish culture.
Mariscal died in Madrid in 1995 at the age of 71. Today, she is remembered as an important figure in Spanish cinema, as well as a controversial one due to her politics.
Mariscal's most notable works as a filmmaker include "Cristina Guzmán" (1961), which won several awards including the 1962 San Sebastián International Film Festival Jury Prize, and "Carne de horca" (1978), which was based on the true story of a notorious and brutal serial killer in 19th century Spain. She also directed a number of documentaries and short films throughout her career.
Aside from her film work, Mariscal was also an accomplished writer. She published several novels and memoirs, including "La chica de los ojos verdes" (1955) and "La corte de Faraón" (1963). In addition, she was a regular contributor to the Spanish press and television, writing columns and hosting cultural programs.
Despite her controversial political views, Mariscal's contributions to Spanish culture have been recognized posthumously. In 2019, a plaque was unveiled in her honor in Madrid's Plaza de Santa Ana, where she had lived and worked for many years.
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Antonio Creus (October 28, 1924 Madrid-February 19, 1996 Madrid) was a Spanish race car driver.
He started racing at a young age, and quickly gained popularity for his natural talent behind the wheel. Creus was the Spanish Formula 3 champion in 1953 and 1954, and later went on to compete in a variety of international races. He participated in multiple races in the Spanish Grand Prix from 1951 to 1969, and also made appearances in the 24 Hours of Le Mans and other endurance races.
As well as his racing career, Creus was also involved in car manufacturing and mechanics. He founded the Creus-Special company, which specialized in modifying and improving cars for racing purposes. He also worked as a mechanic for several teams and drivers, including Ferrari and Phil Hill.
Despite his success, Creus was never able to fully break into the highest levels of competition, due in part to financial constraints. He retired from racing in the late 1960s, but remained involved in the automotive industry until his death. Creus is remembered as one of Spain's greatest drivers, and his contribution to the country's racing legacy is still felt today.
His passion for motorsports started at an early age, and by the age of 18, he entered his first race. In the 1950s, he was considered one of the most talented drivers on the Spanish racing scene. In addition to his Formula 3 titles, he also won the Copa de España de Velocidad in 1955 and 1956. He paved the way for many future Spanish drivers and is often credited with raising the profile of Spanish motor racing.
In addition to his work with Creus-Special, he also owned his own racing team, called the Antonio Creus-Martos Racing Team. The team competed in a variety of races, including Formula 2 and Formula Junior. Creus was known for his mechanical skills as well, and often worked on his own cars. He was a respected figure in the paddock and was well-liked by his peers.
In 1960, he had the opportunity to drive for Ferrari at the 24 Hours of Le Mans. He finished in 4th place and impressed the team with his skill and dedication. Despite this success, he never received a full-time drive with the team.
After retiring from racing, he continued to be involved in the automotive industry, working as a consultant for various companies. He also remained involved in the racing community and was a fixture at races in Spain. He passed away in 1996 at the age of 71, but his legacy lives on as one of Spain's most talented and passionate race car drivers.
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Salvador Espriu (July 10, 1913 Santa Coloma de Farners-February 22, 1985 Barcelona) also known as Salvador Espriu i Castelló was a Spanish writer, playwright and poet.
Espriu is considered one of the most important Catalan writers of the 20th century. He initially studied law but soon turned his focus to literature, writing his first poems in the 1930s. His early works were strongly influenced by surrealism, but he later developed a more personal style that explored themes of identity, death, and the struggle of the individual against society.
A strong advocate for Catalan culture, Espriu wrote in both Catalan and Spanish, and his works often incorporated elements of Catalan history and mythology. His play Antígona is considered a masterpiece of modern Catalan theater, and his poetry collections, such as Cementiri de Sinera and Les cançons d'Ariadna, are hailed as some of the most significant literary works in the Catalan language.
Espriu also played an important role in Catalan politics, advocating for the region's autonomy and cultural rights during the dictatorship of Francisco Franco. After Franco's death, Espriu was elected to the Parliament of Catalonia, where he continued to champion the cause of Catalan culture and identity until his death in 1985. He was posthumously awarded the Creu de Sant Jordi, the highest civil distinction in Catalonia, in recognition of his contributions to the region's literature and culture.
In addition to his contributions to literature and politics, Salvador Espriu was also a talented musician and composer. He played the piano and composed music for several of his own plays, as well as for the works of other Catalan playwrights. He was also a prolific translator, having translated works from French, English, and Italian into Catalan. Espriu's writing has been translated into several languages, including Spanish, English, French, and German, and his works are widely studied and celebrated in Spain and beyond. In his later years, Espriu suffered from Parkinson's disease, which significantly limited his ability to write and compose music. Despite this, he continued to be an important figure in Catalan culture and literature until his death in 1985 at the age of 71.
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Agustina de Aragón (March 4, 1786 Reus-May 29, 1857 Ceuta) was a Spanish personality.
She is remembered for her patriotic actions during the Spanish War of Independence in the early 19th century, where she played a crucial role in the resistance against the French occupation. Agustina is often referred to as the "Spanish Joan of Arc" due to her bravery and leadership, as well as her iconic image of holding a lit cannon with her apron as a fuse, symbolizing her determination to fight for her country's freedom. After the war, she received several recognitions and honors for her heroism and was made an honorary colonel in the Spanish army. Agustina de Aragón remains an important figure in Spanish history and culture, and her story has inspired many books, plays, and films.
During her time as a war heroine, Agustina de Aragón fought in the siege of Zaragoza in 1808, where she helped to defend the city against French troops. It is said that she was inspired to join the fight after her husband was killed in battle. Despite being pregnant at the time, she took up arms and joined the resistance. Agustina's bravery and leadership inspired many other women to join the fight as well. Her fearless actions in battle made her a legend in her own time, and her story continues to inspire women and men around the world. In addition to being honored in Spain, she is also celebrated in Argentina, where a statue of her was erected in Buenos Aires in the 1940s.
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Mariano Arrate (August 12, 1892-December 24, 1963) was a Spanish personality.
He was born in Bilbao, Spain and was known for his contributions to culture and society. Arrate was a journalist and writer, having written for various newspapers and magazines. He was also an actor, director, and screenwriter, having worked in the film industry in Spain. Arrate was a member of the Royal Academy of the Basque Language and was awarded the Gold Medal of Fine Arts. He died on December 24, 1963, at the age of 71. Arrate's contributions to the arts and culture of Spain continue to be recognized to this day.
In addition to his work as a journalist, writer, and filmmaker, Mariano Arrate was also a prominent political figure in the Basque Country during the Spanish Second Republic. He was a member of the Basque Nationalist Party and served as a deputy in the Spanish Parliament. Arrate was a staunch supporter of the Basque language and culture and worked tirelessly to promote and preserve these traditions throughout his life. In recognition of his efforts, he was awarded the prestigious Euskadi Prize in 1961, which is the highest cultural honor presented by the Basque Government. Today, Arrate is remembered as one of the most important cultural figures of the Basque Country, and his legacy continues to inspire artists, writers, and activists around the world.
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Juan Luis Panero (September 9, 1942 Madrid-September 16, 2013 Torroella de Montgrí) was a Spanish writer.
He came from a family of writers and poets, and was the son of the renowned Spanish poet Leopoldo Panero. Juan Luis Panero studied philosophy and literature at the Complutense University of Madrid before dedicating his life to writing. He began his literary career in the 1970s with the publication of several collections of poetry, including "Canción del Escriba" and "Antes del mundo". Panero's work is characterized by his techniques of surrealism, irony, and his use of language as a form of introspection.
In addition to his poetry, Panero was also a respected literary critic and essayist. He was a professor of literature at various universities throughout Spain, including the University of Salamanca and the University of Valencia. In 1996, he was awarded the Premio Nacional de Poesía for his collection of poems, "El último de la fiesta". Panero passed away in 2013 at the age of 71.
Aside from being a respected Spanish writer, Juan Luis Panero was also known for his troubled personal life. He struggled with drug addiction and mental health issues, which he often wrote about in his work. His experiences with addiction and mental illness gave his poetry a raw and sometimes unsettling quality. Panero's poetry and essays have been translated into several languages, including English and French. He is considered an important figure in contemporary Spanish literature and his work continues to be studied and appreciated by literary scholars around the world. In 2019, a biography titled "Juan Luis Panero. El caminante de Fierabrás" was published, chronicling his life and literary legacy.
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Juan Carreño de Miranda (March 25, 1614 Avilés-October 3, 1685 Madrid) also known as Juan Carreno de Miranda was a Spanish personality.
He was a prominent Baroque painter of the Spanish court, known for his portrait paintings that captured the likeness and personality of his subjects with great precision. He was the court painter for four successive kings - Philip IV, Charles II, Philip V, and Charles III - and his works can be seen in many of the prominent museums around the world, including the Prado Museum in Madrid and the Louvre in Paris. Apart from his work as a painter, Carreño de Miranda was also a member of the Royal Academy of San Fernando and played an important role in the development of art education in Spain. He passed away in Madrid at the age of 71.
Carreño de Miranda was born in Avilés, Asturias in Northern Spain, in a family associated with the nobility. He began painting at a young age and was trained in Madrid under Pedro de las Cuevas, a renowned court painter of the time. Carreño de Miranda quickly became known for his portrait paintings, which were highly sought after by the Spanish court and aristocracy.
In addition to his portraits, Carreño de Miranda's oeuvre includes religious paintings, genre scenes and still lifes, reflecting the artistic trends of the time. He also produced many works for religious institutions, including the frescoes for the Church of the Hospital de la Latina in Madrid.
Apart from his work as an artist, Carreño de Miranda was active in the development of art education in Spain. In 1660, he was one of the founding members of the Royal Academy of San Fernando, which aimed to elevate the status of the arts and improve the quality of art education in Spain. He also served as director of the academy from 1675 to 1678.
Juan Carreño de Miranda's contributions to Spanish art were highly significant, and he remains an important part of the country's cultural heritage. His works continue to inspire artists and art enthusiasts around the world, and his legacy lives on through the Royal Academy of San Fernando, which still operates in Madrid today.
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Vicente Rojo Lluch (October 8, 1894 La Font de la Figuera-June 15, 1966 Madrid) was a Spanish personality.
He was a notable artist, designer, and writer known for his contributions to the cultural scene in Spain during the early part of the 20th century. Rojo was also an important political figure during the Spanish Civil War, where he served as a member of the Republican government and worked to promote the cause of the leftist movement. Despite his involvement in politics, however, Rojo's true passion lay in the arts, and he is perhaps best remembered for his innovative graphic designs and illustrations that blended modernist aesthetics with traditional Spanish motifs. Some of his most iconic works include the covers for the literary magazine "Litoral" and the posters he created for the International Exhibition in Paris in 1937. In addition to his artistic pursuits, Rojo was also a prolific writer, publishing several books on art and design throughout his career. His legacy continues to inspire artists and designers in Spain and beyond, making him one of the most important figures in Spanish cultural history.
Rojo began his career as an artist in Valencia, where he studied at the School of Fine Arts before moving to Madrid in 1915. There, he became involved in the city's vibrant cultural scene, contributing to literary and artistic publications and collaborating with some of the most prominent writers and artists of the day. During the Spanish Civil War, Rojo worked tirelessly to promote the Republican cause, serving as the head of propaganda for the International Brigades and creating posters and other graphic materials that helped to rally support for the anti-fascist struggle.
After the war, Rojo remained active in the artistic and cultural spheres, continuing to produce innovative designs and illustrations that reflected his unique blend of modernism and traditional Spanish motifs. He also worked as a designer for several prominent publishers and print shops, including the seminal art press, Taller de Gráfica Popular. In addition to his artistic work, Rojo also continued to write, publishing books on design and aesthetics as well as memoirs of his experiences during the Civil War.
Rojo's contributions to Spanish culture were recognized with numerous awards and honors, including the National Fine Arts Prize in 1953 and the Gold Medal for Merit in Fine Arts in 1964. Today, he remains a beloved and iconic figure in the history of Spanish art and design, his legacy celebrated in museums and galleries throughout the country.
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Gonzalo de Olavide (March 28, 1934 Spain-November 4, 2005) was a Spanish personality.
He was a filmmaker, screenwriter, and producer who made significant contributions to the Spanish film industry. Olavide began his career in the 1960s and directed his first feature film in 1974 titled "Mañana será otro día" (Tomorrow is Another Day). He went on to direct and produce several films in the following years, including "Las palabras de Max" and "El tesoro."
In addition to his work in film, Olavide was also an accomplished novelist and published several books throughout his lifetime. He was known for his socially conscious storytelling and thought-provoking themes.
Throughout his career, Olavide received numerous awards and recognition for his contributions to the arts. He was awarded the Medal of Fine Arts by the Spanish Government and was a recipient of the prestigious Gold Medal of Merit in Fine Arts.
Gonzalo de Olavide passed away in 2005 at the age of 71, leaving behind a legacy of creativity and inspiration in the film industry.
Olavide was born in Madrid, Spain in 1934. He studied philosophy and literature at the Universidad Complutense de Madrid before pursuing a career in film. His interest in film began at a young age, and he was heavily influenced by the New Wave cinema movement that emerged in France in the 1950s.
In addition to his work in the film industry, Olavide also served as a professor of film at the Universidad Complutense de Madrid. He was highly regarded for his teaching and mentoring of aspiring filmmakers and writers.
Olavide's films often dealt with themes of social and political upheaval, as well as the complexities of human relationships. He was known for his use of non-linear narrative structures and his willingness to experiment with different storytelling techniques.
Despite the critical acclaim that his films received, Olavide struggled to find commercial success in the Spanish film industry. Nevertheless, he remained dedicated to his craft and continued to produce thought-provoking works until his death in 2005.
Today, Olavide is remembered as one of the most important and influential figures in Spanish cinema. His work continues to inspire new generations of filmmakers and artists, and his legacy lives on through his films and other creative endeavors.
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Francisco Guerrero (October 4, 1528 Seville-November 8, 1599 Seville) also known as Guerrero, Francisco or Guerrero was a Spanish composer.
His albums: Misa "Puer Natus Est" Canciones y Villanescas Espirituales (Capilla Peñaflorida feat. conductor: Josep Cabré), Missa Sancta et immaculata, Missa Surge propera (The Tallis Scholars), Villanescas II (Musica Ficta & Ensemble Fontegara feat. conductor: Raúl Mallavibarrena), Villanescas I (Musica Ficta & Ensemble Fontegara feat. conductor: Raúl Mallavibarrena), Villanescas III (Musica Ficta & Ensemble Fontegara feat. conductor: Raúl Mallavibarrena) and . Genres he performed include Renaissance music.
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Antonio de León Pinelo (April 5, 1589-April 5, 1660) was a Spanish personality.
He was a Jesuit priest, a historian, and a bibliographer. He was born in Cuzco in Peru, which was then a part of the Spanish Empire. Pinelo is best known for his work, Bibliotheca Hispana Nova, which is a comprehensive bibliography of books published in Spain and its colonies before the beginning of the 17th century. Pinelo dedicated nearly 20 years to the completion of this work, and it remains an important reference for the study of Spanish literature and history. He was also a professor of theology and a rector of a university in Lima, Peru. Pinelo was a prolific writer and contributed to the development of early Spanish American culture.
In addition to his work as a historian and bibliographer, Antonio de León Pinelo was also a linguist and a theologian. He had a particular interest in the Quechua language spoken by the Inca people of Peru, and he wrote several grammar and vocabulary books on this language. Pinelo was also a prolific writer of religious texts and sermons, and he was known for his eloquent preaching. He played an important role in the intellectual life of Lima, which was then the capital of the Viceroyalty of Peru, and his works were widely read in Spain and throughout the Spanish Empire. Today, he is considered one of the most important figures of early Spanish American culture and his contributions to the preservation and study of Hispanic literature are still celebrated.
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Alfredo Kraus (September 24, 1927 Las Palmas-September 10, 1999 Madrid) also known as Kraus, Alfredo was a Spanish singer. He had one child, Patricia Kraus.
His most important albums: Homenaje a una voz: Zarzuela I, Così fan tutte, , , , Puccini: La Boheme; Opera in Four Acts, La dolorosa, Bohemios and Con el corazón.
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