Spanish musicians died when they were 73

Here are 20 famous musicians from Spain died at 73:

Antoni Gaudí

Antoni Gaudí (June 25, 1852 Reus-June 10, 1926 Barcelona) otherwise known as Antoni Gaudi or Antoni Gaudí i Cornet was a Spanish artist, architect and visual artist.

Gaudí is known for his unique style, as he was heavily inspired by nature and his Catholic faith, and his work is characterized by its intricate details, curvilinear forms, and use of colorful tiles, ceramics, and stained glass. Some of his most famous works include the Sagrada Familia, Park Guell, and Casa Mila. Gaudí worked on the Sagrada Familia for 40 years before his death, and the cathedral remains unfinished to this day. Despite this, it is now a UNESCO World Heritage Site and an iconic symbol of Barcelona. Gaudí's legacy has had a significant impact on the world of architecture and art, and his influence can still be seen in contemporary design today.

In addition to his architectural designs, Gaudí was also known for his keen attention to detail in interior design and furniture making. He was a highly religious man who incorporated his faith into his work, often designing pieces with Christian symbolism. Gaudí's work has been categorized as part of the Modernisme movement, which was prevalent in Catalonia during the late 19th and early 20th centuries. He was also known for his innovative use of materials, such as employing discarded ceramics and glass to create elaborate mosaics on his buildings. Today, Gaudí's work remains a major tourist attraction in Barcelona, attracting millions of visitors annually.

Gaudí was born in the Catalonia region of Spain and attended school at the Escoles Pies de Reus, where he developed his love of art and design. He later attended the School of Architecture in Barcelona, where he focused on the study of Gothic architecture. After graduation, Gaudí began working on projects for Eusebi Güell, a wealthy industrialist and patron of the arts who would become one of Gaudí's most important clients and supporters.

Gaudí's designs were often controversial during his lifetime, as they challenged traditional architectural techniques and styles. However, today he is celebrated as a visionary artist who brought a unique and innovative approach to architecture and design. In addition to his famous works in Barcelona, Gaudí also designed buildings in other parts of Spain, including the Episcopal Palace of Astorga and the Casa Botines in León.

In addition to his work as an architect and artist, Gaudí was also involved in the Catalan nationalist movement and supported the idea of an independent Catalonia. He was a member of the secretive anti-monarchist group known as the Reial Acadèmia Catalana de Belles Arts de Sant Jordi, and he incorporated Catalan symbols and motifs into his designs as a way of expressing his identity and beliefs.

Despite his fame and success, Gaudí was a humble and devout man who lived a simple life. He never married and devoted himself entirely to his work, often staying up all night to sketch or work on his designs. Gaudí died at the age of 73 after being struck by a tram while walking near the Sagrada Familia. His funeral was attended by thousands of mourners, and he was buried in the crypt of the cathedral he had spent the last years of his life working on.

He died in traffic collision.

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Eduardo Cansino, Sr.

Eduardo Cansino, Sr. (March 2, 1895 Castilleja de la Cuesta-December 24, 1968 Pompano Beach) also known as Eduardo Cansino was a Spanish dancer and actor. He had three children, Rita Hayworth, Eduardo Cansino, Jr. and Vernon Cansino.

Eduardo Cansino began his career as a dancer in Madrid before moving to the United States where he continued to perform and teach dance. He made several appearances in Hollywood films, including "The Loves of Carmen" (1948) and "You Were Never Lovelier" (1942), which also starred his daughter, Rita Hayworth.

In addition to his dancing and acting career, Cansino also worked as a choreographer and dance instructor. He taught dance to many Hollywood actors and actresses, including a young Lucille Ball. Today, he is remembered not only for his own contributions to the entertainment industry but also as the father of one of Hollywood's most beloved stars.

Eduardo Cansino was born in Castilleja de la Cuesta, a town in the province of Seville, Spain, where he began his career as a dancer. He later moved to New York City in the early 1900s and performed in various theaters and nightclubs around the city. In the 1920s, he moved to Hollywood and began working in the film industry.

Apart from his work in Hollywood, Cansino also appeared in several Broadway productions, including the Ziegfeld Follies of 1931. He also worked as a choreographer and dance instructor, and his students included several famous actresses like Jane Wyman and Julie Adams.

Cansino's daughter, Rita Hayworth, was also a successful actress and dancer who became a Hollywood icon in the 1940s. She appeared in several hit films, including "Gilda" (1946) and "Cover Girl" (1944). It was rumored that Cansino was actually the one who came up with his daughter's stage name, Rita Hayworth.

Cansino continued to work in film and television until his death in 1968. He was survived by his wife, his three children, and several grandchildren, many of whom followed in his and Rita's footsteps and pursued careers in the entertainment industry. Today, Eduardo Cansino is remembered as a talented dancer, actor, and choreographer who made important contributions to the world of entertainment.

Despite being recognized for his dancing and acting career, Eduardo Cansino's true passion was teaching dance. He was a renowned dance instructor and choreographer who established his own dance studio in New York City in the 1920s, which he ran until his death. Cansino implemented a teaching style that was based on strict discipline and focused on perfecting the technical aspects of dance, including posture and footwork. In addition to teaching dance to Hollywood stars, he also trained several professional dancers who went on to have successful careers in their own right.

Cansino's influence on his daughter Rita Hayworth's career was significant. He choreographed many of her dance sequences in her films, and she often credited him with teaching her everything she knew about dance. Cansino encouraged his daughter to pursue her dreams of becoming an actress, and he played an instrumental role in guiding her early career. In later years, however, their relationship reportedly became strained due to Hayworth's numerous marriages and her struggle with Alzheimer's disease.

Despite this, Eduardo Cansino's legacy continues to be celebrated today, not only for his own contributions to the entertainment industry but also for his role in shaping the career of one of Hollywood's most iconic stars.

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Alonso Berruguete

Alonso Berruguete (April 5, 1488 Paredes de Nava-April 5, 1561 Valladolid) was a Spanish architect.

Actually, Alonso Berruguete was not an architect, but a highly influential sculptor during the Spanish Renaissance. He belonged to a family of artists and worked primarily for the Spanish court and prominent churches. Berruguete was known for his intricate and expressive sculptures, which featured realistic human anatomy and strong emotional intensity. Some of his most famous works can be found in important religious locations such as the Cathedral of Toledo and the Monastery of San Benito in Valladolid. Berruguete's style had a significant impact on Spanish sculpture and his legacy still endures today.

In addition to his sculptural works, Alonso Berruguete was also a painter and an architect. He studied in Italy and was heavily influenced by the Italian Renaissance, which is visible in his work. Berruguete's style evolved throughout his career, beginning with a more Gothic style and transitioning to a more classicizing style.

Berruguete was appointed as the court painter and artist to Queen Isabella of Portugal, where he worked on both sculptural and architectural projects. Under the reign of King Charles V, Berruguete continued to work for the Spanish court and was responsible for creating many pieces of art that still exist today.

Despite his success, Berruguete's personal life was not without turmoil. He was imprisoned at one point due to a dispute with a fellow artist and was later accused of heresy. He was eventually acquitted of these accusations and continued his prolific artistic career until his death in 1561.

Today, Alonso Berruguete is celebrated as one of the most important artists of the Spanish Renaissance and his work can be found in museums and churches around the world.

Berruguete's contributions went beyond just his stunning sculptures and paintings. He also made significant contributions to Spanish architecture, designing and supervising the construction of many notable buildings, including the Royal Palace of Valladolid, the Hospital of the Cardinal Tavera in Toledo, and the Colegio de San Gregorio in Valladolid. His architectural works are characterized by their ornate decoration and intricate detail, which complement his sculptural style. Despite his impact on Spanish architecture, Berruguete's architectural works are not as well-known as his sculptures and paintings.

Berruguete's influence on the arts continued long after his death, as his stylistic innovations inspired a generation of Spanish artists. His work contributed to the development of the Spanish Renaissance, and his legacy continues to be studied and celebrated by art historians and enthusiasts. Today, Berruguete is recognized not only as a master of sculpture, painting, and architecture, but also as a pivotal figure in the evolution of Spanish art during the Renaissance.

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Jesús María Pereda

Jesús María Pereda (June 15, 1938 Medina de Pomar-September 27, 2011 Barcelona) otherwise known as Jesus Maria Pereda was a Spanish personality.

He was a former professional footballer, coach and sports commentator. He began his professional football career in 1957 with the team Racing Santander and later played for FC Barcelona where he won his only league title in 1960. He also played for Atlético Madrid and the Spanish national team, with whom he won the European Championship in 1964.

After retiring as a player, Pereda went on to have a successful coaching career, including a stint as head coach of FC Barcelona in 1978. He also worked as a sports commentator for Spanish television, covering major football events such as the FIFA World Cup and the UEFA European Championship.

Pereda was known for his technical skill on the field and his dedication to the sport of football. He passed away in Barcelona in 2011 at the age of 73.

During his career as a player, Pereda was known for his versatility and ability to play in almost any position on the field, but he was primarily a midfielder. He was famous for his powerful and accurate shots, as well as his excellent dribbling skills. He played 12 times for the Spanish national team and scored three goals. In addition to his success on the field, Pereda was also loved by fans and respected by fellow players for his sportsmanship and his dedication to fair play. After retiring as a player, he became a successful coach, leading several teams to victories in both national and international competitions. Despite his achievements in coaching, Pereda remained humble and grounded throughout his life, and he was widely admired for his integrity and his commitment to the sport he loved. He is remembered as one of the most talented and respected figures in the history of Spanish football.

Pereda's love for football began at a young age, and he worked hard to develop his skills on the field. He began his professional career with Racing Santander before joining FC Barcelona in 1959. It was during his time with FC Barcelona that he won his only league title in 1960, scoring a total of 12 goals throughout the season. Pereda's career also included a stint with Atlético Madrid where he played alongside some of the greatest footballers of his time.

In addition to his success on the field, Pereda was also known for his philanthropic efforts. He was a dedicated advocate for the rights of disadvantaged children and supported various charities and organizations throughout his lifetime.

Pereda's contributions to the world of football were recognized both nationally and internationally. In 2010, he was awarded the Gold Medal of the Royal Order of Sporting Merit by the Spanish government. This honor was bestowed on him in recognition of his outstanding achievements and contribution to the development of football in Spain.

Despite passing away in 2011, Pereda's legacy continues to live on. He is remembered as a true legend of the sport and an example of dedication, talent, and sportsmanship. His influence on Spanish football is still evident today, and his memory will continue to inspire future generations of players and fans alike.

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Luis Siret

Luis Siret (August 26, 1860 Belgium-June 7, 1934) was a Spanish scientist.

Luis Siret was known for his archeological expeditions carried out in Andalusia, Spain. He was interested in the rich prehistoric and archaeological heritage of the Iberian Peninsula, and spent many years studying and documenting the remains of ancient civilizations. Siret collaborated with many other prominent scientists of his time, including his brother Henri Siret, and contributed greatly to the study of prehistoric art and the evolution of human society. His work was of great significance, shedding light on human history and cultural development in southern Spain. The Siret Collection, named after Luis and Henri Siret, is a world-renowned collection of artefacts from this area, and can be visited at the Almeria Museum.

During his expeditions, Luis Siret discovered some important archaeological sites, including the caves of Bacinete, the Necropolis of El Villar and the Millares Culture complex in the Almería province. He also made significant contributions to the study of megalithic art, particularly the remains of the Bronze Age in southern Spain.

In addition to his extensive work as an archaeologist, Luis Siret was also a painter and a writer. He documented his findings in numerous publications throughout his career, including the groundbreaking work "Las Primeras Edades del Metal en el Sudeste de España" (The First Ages of Metal in Southeast Spain).

Luis Siret's legacy as an archaeologist has had a lasting impact on the field of prehistoric art and archaeology in Spain. His work not only improved the understanding of the prehistoric societies of the Iberian Peninsula, but it also inspired future generations of archaeologists to continue his work.

In addition to his archaeological work, Luis Siret was a member of the Royal Academy of History and the Royal Academy of Fine Arts. He was also a professor of Botany and Geology at the University of Granada for several years. Siret's interest in science and art began at a young age, and he studied at the Royal Academy of Fine Arts of San Fernando in Madrid before devoting himself to archaeology. His paintings and drawings, which depict landscapes and archaeological sites of southern Spain, are still admired today for their beauty and historical value. Luis Siret was also involved in the preservation and protection of archaeological sites, leading efforts to stop looting and destruction of ancient sites. He was a pioneer in the field of archaeology and contributed greatly to the study of prehistoric art and human history in the Iberian Peninsula. Today, his research continues to inform and inspire current research in the field of Andalusian archaeology.

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Jaime Lazcano

Jaime Lazcano (December 30, 1909 Pamplona-June 1, 1983 Madrid) was a Spanish personality.

He was a renowned Spanish painter who specialized in still life paintings. Lazcano was a self-taught painter who began his career as a painter at a young age. His early works show an influence of realism, but as he evolved as an artist, he increasingly adopted a modern style with a bold use of colour and abstraction. Lazcano's paintings are known for their meticulous attention to detail and highly-textured surfaces. His works were exhibited in several solo and group shows, including ones at the Archivo Español de Arte Contemporáneo and the Museo Nacional Centro de Arte Reina Sofía. In addition to being a painter, Jaime Lazcano was also a writer and editor of several artist and literary magazines.

He was a key figure in the Spanish art world, and also served as the director of the School of Fine Arts in Pamplona. Lazcano's contribution to the art world was recognized with numerous awards during his career, including the National Fine Arts Award in 1959. He was also a member of the Real Academia de Bellas Artes de San Fernando. His paintings can be found in many private and public collections around the world, including the Thyssen-Bornemisza Museum in Madrid and the Museum of Modern Art in New York. Lazcano's legacy continues to inspire and influence artists today.

Lazcano's artistic talent was evident from a young age, and he began to exhibit his works in group shows as early as the age of 17. His success as a painter was bolstered by his influential connections within the Spanish art community, including his mentorship under the painter Rafael Zabaleta. Lazcano was also a respected art historian and critic, and his writings on Spanish art were highly regarded by academics and art enthusiasts alike.

Despite his success as a painter, Lazcano was never content to limit himself to any one medium. He also explored sculpture, engraving, and other forms of visual art throughout his career. Lazcano's versatility and willingness to experiment with new techniques was one of the many qualities that made him a beloved figure in the Spanish art world.

Lazcano's personal life was marked by tragedy, as he lost his father at the age of 12 and his wife in a car accident in 1969. Despite these setbacks, he remained dedicated to his art and continued to produce new works up until the end of his life. Jaime Lazcano passed away in Madrid on June 1, 1983, leaving behind a legacy as one of Spain's greatest artists and cultural icons.

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Miguel Ricardo de Álava y Esquivel

Miguel Ricardo de Álava y Esquivel (July 7, 1770 Vitoria-Gasteiz-July 14, 1843 Barèges) was a Spanish politician.

He is best known for his participation in the Peninsular War, where he served as one of the personal aides of General Arthur Wellesley (later the Duke of Wellington). Álava fought in several major battles, including the Battle of Vitoria, and was present at the signing of the Treaty of Paris that ended the war.

After the war, Álava went on to hold several political positions in Spain, including serving as a Deputy in the Constituent Cortes of 1810 and as a member of the Royal Academy of History. He also played a key role in negotiating Spain's entry into the Quadruple Alliance after the fall of Napoleon.

In addition to his political career, Álava was also a noted writer, producing works on a variety of topics ranging from history to philosophy. His memoirs, "Narrative of the Peninsular War," provide a firsthand account of his experiences during the conflict and are considered a valuable historical resource.

Overall, Miguel Ricardo de Álava y Esquivel was a key figure in Spain's tumultuous 19th-century history, playing important roles both on and off the battlefield.

As a child, Miguel Ricardo de Álava y Esquivel was sent to England to study at a school in Chelsea. This early exposure to English culture and language proved invaluable during his later service as a liaison officer between Spanish and British troops during the Peninsular War. After the war, Álava lived in England for several years, developing close relationships with figures such as the Duke of Wellington and the novelist Sir Walter Scott. He also served as the Spanish Ambassador to the Court of St. James's from 1823 to 1833. In addition to his political and literary pursuits, Álava was known for his philanthropy, supporting causes such as the construction of hospitals and schools in his hometown of Vitoria-Gasteiz. Today, Álava is regarded as one of the most important Spanish military figures of the 19th century, and his contributions to Spanish literature and history continue to be studied and celebrated.

Despite his many accomplishments, Miguel Ricardo de Álava y Esquivel's life was not without its difficulties. As a young man, he was expelled from the seminary where he was studying to become a priest due to his involvement in a student protest. Later, during the Peninsular War, Álava suffered a serious injury when he was shot in the arm during the Battle of Talavera. Despite the injury, he continued to serve in the military, and his bravery and dedication earned him the respect of his fellow soldiers.

In addition to his military and political achievements, Álava was also a devoted family man. He married his wife, María Francisca de Sales Portocarrero, in 1795, and they went on to have six children together. Álava remained close to his family throughout his life, and his letters frequently mention his wife and children.

Throughout his career, Miguel Ricardo de Álava y Esquivel remained committed to his principles and values, even in the face of great challenges. His tireless efforts on behalf of his country, both on and off the battlefield, continue to inspire admiration and respect today.

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César Manrique

César Manrique (April 24, 1919 Arrecife-September 25, 1992) also known as Cesar Manrique was a Spanish architect, artist and visual artist.

César Manrique is best known for his work in his native island of Lanzarote, where he promoted the idea of a harmonious relationship between art, nature and architecture. He was instrumental in creating unique landmarks such as the Jameos del Agua, Mirador del Rio and the Timanfaya National Park. His work blended in perfectly with the volcanic landscape of the island, and pioneered the ecological and sustainable tourism that Lanzarote is known for today. Manrique's legacy is vast, and he remains a key figure in the cultural and artistic history of Spain.

Manrique was born in Arrecife, Lanzarote and studied architecture in Madrid. He also studied art in New York City, where he was influenced by the abstract expressionist movement. In the 1960s, he returned to Lanzarote to promote a new vision for the island's development, one that focused on preserving and enhancing its unique natural and cultural heritage.

Apart from his architectural achievements, Manrique was also an accomplished painter and sculptor. He held several exhibitions of his work throughout Europe and the Americas. His artwork reflects his deep connection to nature and the environment, as well as his interest in the modernist aesthetic.

Manrique received numerous awards and recognitions throughout his career, including the Gold Medal for Fine Arts from the Spanish government in 1988. Today, many of his works are considered cultural heritage sites, and his legacy continues to inspire artists and architects around the world.

Manrique was not only an advocate for sustainable tourism, but also for environmental protection. His efforts helped to establish regulations and initiatives to protect the unique natural resources of Lanzarote, such as its volcanic landscape and marine life. In addition to his architectural and artistic contributions, Manrique was also involved in politics. He was a strong supporter of the independence of the Canary Islands and ran for mayor of Teguise, Lanzarote in 1979.

Manrique's influence extends beyond Lanzarote and Spain. His innovative ideas and approach to art and architecture have had an impact on the modernist movement and the field of sustainable tourism. Today, his work and vision continue to inspire designers, artists, and environmental activists around the world. The César Manrique Foundation was established in 1992 to preserve and promote his legacy.

He died as a result of traffic collision.

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Francisco Pradilla Ortiz

Francisco Pradilla Ortiz (July 24, 1848 Aragon-November 1, 1921 Madrid) was a Spanish personality.

He was a painter who is best known for his works depicting Spanish historical and cultural themes. Pradilla studied art at the Escuela de Bellas Artes in Zaragoza and later at the Real Academia de Bellas Artes de San Fernando in Madrid.

Throughout his career, he received numerous awards and recognition for his work, including the Gold Medal at the National Exhibition of Fine Arts in Madrid. One of his most famous paintings is "Doña Juana la Loca" (Queen Joanna the Mad), which depicts a scene from the life of the 16th century queen of Spain.

In addition to his work as a painter, Pradilla also taught at the Real Academia de Bellas Artes de San Fernando and mentored many up-and-coming artists. He was a member of the Royal Academy of Fine Arts of San Fernando and the Academy of Fine Arts of Santa Isabel de Hungría.

Today, his works can be found in prominent museums and collections around the world, including the Prado Museum in Madrid and the Hispanic Society of America in New York City.

In the later years of his life, Francisco Pradilla became the Director of the Prado Museum in Madrid. He also served as a member of the Royal Academy of Spain and was awarded the title of Knight Commander of the Order of Charles III. His works often portrayed historical events and figures, such as King Philip II and the conquest of Mexico. As a painter, he was highly respected for his attention to detail and his ability to capture the emotions and personalities of his subjects. Despite his success, Pradilla remained humble and dedicated to his craft, continuing to paint until his death in 1921. Today, he is remembered as one of Spain's most celebrated artists and a leading figure in the world of 19th-century painting.

Pradilla's interest in history was not limited to painting. He also wrote several books on the subject, including "The Life and Work of Velázquez" and "The House of Austria in Spain" which were highly acclaimed. His involvement in the Spanish cultural scene extended beyond his work as a painter, as he was a member of the Ateneo de Madrid and contributed articles to various publications such as "La Ilustración Española y Americana". Pradilla's influence on Spanish art extended to his students, many of whom went on to become prominent artists in their own right. He was also a member of the Order of Alfonso X the Wise and was awarded the Grand Cross of the Order of Isabel the Catholic. Pradilla's legacy continues to inspire and influence artists today, with his works remaining popular in exhibitions and auctions worldwide.

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Rafael Gil

Rafael Gil (May 22, 1913 Madrid-July 10, 1986 Madrid) otherwise known as Rafael Gil Álvarez or R. Gil was a Spanish screenwriter, film director and actor. He had six children, Vicente Gil Álvarez, César Gil Álvarez, Rafael Gil Álvarez, Gabriel Gil Álvarez, Miguel Gil Álvarez and Javier Gil Álvarez.

Throughout his career, Rafael Gil directed more than 60 films, making him one of the most prolific Spanish filmmakers of the 20th century. He started working in the film industry in 1934 as a scriptwriter and assistant director, before moving on to directing his own films. His films were often focused on melodramatic themes, highlighting the customs of Spanish society and the concerns of the working class.

Some of his most notable films include "Tragic Hunt" (1947), "The Lioness of Castille" (1951), "The Troublemaker" (1950) and "The Rocket from Calabuch" (1956). In addition to his work in film, Rafael Gil also wrote several plays, including "El hombre que se come a las gallinas" and "Doña Clarines".

Despite facing various obstacles throughout his career, including censorship during Franco's regime, Rafael Gil continued to work in the film industry until his death. He was awarded the Gold Medal for Fine Arts in 1981 for his significant contributions to Spanish cinema.

Rafael Gil was born in Madrid in 1913 and started his career in the film industry at a young age. In addition to his work as a director, screenwriter, and actor, he was also a talented painter and studied at the School of Fine Arts in Madrid.

Gil's films were known for their high production values and technical skill. He was known for his use of vivid colors and innovative camera techniques, which set him apart from many of his contemporaries.

Despite his success in the film industry, Gil faced some criticism from the Spanish intellectual community for what was perceived as his commercial approach to filmmaking. Nevertheless, his films were hugely popular in Spain and other Spanish-speaking countries.

Throughout his career, Gil collaborated with many prominent Spanish actors, including Carmen Sevilla, Concha Velasco, and Tony Leblanc. He also worked with composer Manuel Parada, who wrote the scores for many of Gil's films.

In addition to his work in cinema, Gil founded the Spanish Academy of Cinematographic Arts and Sciences. He also served as the director of the Madrid Film Festival in the 1960s.

Rafael Gil passed away in 1986 at the age of 73, leaving behind a legacy as one of Spain's most important filmmakers. Despite the challenges he faced during his career, he remained committed to his craft and produced a body of work that continues to be admired today.

Gil's work was influential in shaping the development of Spanish cinema in the mid-20th century. His films captured the essence of Spanish culture and celebrated the nation's unique customs and traditions. They were also often marked by a strong sense of social justice and empathy for the plight of the working class. Gil's interest in storytelling and his ability to create compelling characters and narratives made him one of the most important filmmakers of his time. His works remain popular today and are studied by scholars and filmmakers alike for their technical excellence and cultural significance.

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Roberto Gerhard

Roberto Gerhard (September 25, 1896 Valls-January 5, 1970 Cambridge) also known as Robert Gerhard or Gerhard, Roberto was a Spanish composer and scholar.

His discography includes: Symphony no. 3 "Collages" / Epithalamion / Piano Concerto, Cancionero de Pedrell / Pandora / Alegrías / Sept Haiku, Symphony no. 4 "New York" / Metamorphoses, The Plague (La peste) / Epithalamion (BBC Symphony Chorus, Joven Orquesta Nacional de España feat. conductor: Edmon Colomer, speaker: Michael Londsdale), Symphonie No. 1 / Symphonie No. 3 "Collages" (Orquesta Sinfónica de Tenerife feat. conductor: Víctor Pablo Pérez), Symphony no. 4 "New York" / Violin Concerto, BBC Music, Volume 13, Number 11: Rodrigo, de Falla, Gerhard & Granados (feat. guitar: Eduardo Fernández, conductors: Adrian Leaper and Josep Caballé-Domenech), Piano Trios, Nonet / Hymnody / Leo and Symphony no. 1 / Violin Concerto. Genres he performed include Ballet, Opera, Chamber music and Incidental music.

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Antonio Castejón Espinosa

Antonio Castejón Espinosa (April 5, 1896 Badajoz-April 5, 1969) otherwise known as Antonio Castejon Espinosa was a Spanish personality.

Antonio Castejon Espinosa was a Spanish painter, sculptor, and writer. He was known for his avant-garde style and participated in various exhibitions throughout Spain and Europe. He was also a member of the Ultraist movement, which was a Spanish literary and artistic movement that emerged in the early 20th century. As a writer, he published several books on art and poetry. In addition, he worked as a professor of art and was a member of various cultural organizations. His works are now considered valuable contributions to Spanish culture and history.

Antonio Castejón Espinosa started his artistic journey at a very young age. He studied at the School of Fine Arts in Madrid and later on, he furthered his studies in Paris where he was heavily influenced by the Cubist and Futurist movements. Upon his return to Spain, he became one of the pioneers of the avant-garde movement in the country.

Apart from being an artist, Antonio Castejón Espinosa was also a fervent supporter of the Spanish Republic, and during the Spanish Civil War, he fought against Franco's troops. Sadly, in the aftermath of the war, he was persecuted for his political beliefs, and his works were banned by the regime.

Despite the difficulties he encountered, Antonio Castejón Espinosa continued to be an active member of the art community, and his works were shown in many exhibitions both nationally and internationally. Some of his most notable works include the mural decoration of the chapel of the Santa Maria la Real de La Hiruela church in Madrid and the sculptures of the Virgen del Pilón in Badajoz and the Monument to the Soldier in La Coruña.

Today, Antonio Castejón Espinosa's legacy is celebrated in various institutions throughout Spain, and his contributions to the world of art and literature are recognized as significant milestones in the country's cultural history.

In addition to his paintings, sculptures and writings, Antonio Castejón Espinosa was also known for creating stage designs for theater productions. He collaborated with many theater companies in Spain and his avant-garde style was well received by audiences and critics alike. He also worked as an art critic, regularly contributing to various publications.

Despite being banned and persecuted during Franco's regime, Antonio Castejón Espinosa never gave up his political beliefs and continued to fight for democracy and freedom of expression. He remained an active member of the anti-Franco resistance movement and was involved in various cultural and political organizations.

Throughout his career, Antonio Castejón Espinosa received several awards and honors, including the First Prize at the National Exhibition of Fine Arts in 1931, and the Medal of Fine Arts in 1954. His works can be found in many museums and private collections both in Spain and abroad.

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Antoni Lliteres Carrió

Antoni Lliteres Carrió (June 18, 1673 Artà-January 18, 1747 Madrid) a.k.a. Literes, Antonio de was a Spanish composer.

His albums: . Genres he performed include Zarzuela.

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Juanita Reina

Juanita Reina (August 25, 1925 Seville-March 19, 1999 Seville) was a Spanish singer.

Genres: Copla.

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García Hurtado de Mendoza, 5th Marquis of Cañete

García Hurtado de Mendoza, 5th Marquis of Cañete (July 21, 1535 Cuenca-May 19, 1609 Madrid) also known as Garcia Hurtado de Mendoza, Marquis of Canete was a Spanish personality.

He was a Spanish conquistador, soldier and royal governor of Chile from 1557 to 1561. During his time as governor, he founded many new cities and towns in Chile, including Santiago, which is now the capital of the country. He was known for his brutal treatment of the indigenous Mapuche people, whom he subjected to cruel methods of warfare, resulting in the deaths of many natives. He also led a failed expedition to Argentina in 1562, during which many of his men died of hunger and disease. After returning to Spain, he served as a member of the Council of the Indies, which advised the king on colonial matters. De Mendoza was also a patron of the arts, and commissioned many works of art and literature.

In addition to being a patron of the arts, García Hurtado de Mendoza was a prolific writer himself, producing several works on military strategy and tactics. One of his most notable works is "Arte de la Guerra" ("The Art of War"), which is a treatise on warfare and military organization. He was also an avid collector of books, and his personal library contained over 10,000 volumes, making it one of the most extensive private libraries in Europe at the time.

Despite his controversial actions in Chile, De Mendoza was highly regarded by the Spanish monarchy, and received several appointments throughout his career. In addition to his role on the Council of the Indies, he served as viceroy of Peru from 1589 to 1596, and was later appointed governor of Galicia in Spain. He died in Madrid in 1609, at the age of 73.

De Mendoza's legacy in Chile is a complex one, as he is both credited with the foundation of several cities that remain important to this day, but also criticized for his brutal treatment of indigenous peoples. In addition to his military and political career, De Mendoza was an important figure in Spanish cultural life. He was a patron of the celebrated dramatist Lope de Vega, and his library included works by many prominent writers of the day, including Miguel de Cervantes. Today, De Mendoza is remembered as a significant figure in Spain's colonial history, and his writings remain an important contribution to military theory.

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Juan de Orduña

Juan de Orduña (December 27, 1900 Madrid-February 3, 1974 Madrid) also known as Juan Orduña y Fernández-Shaw or Juan De Orduna y Fernandez was a Spanish film director and actor.

Juan de Orduña is known for directing and producing more than thirty films in Spain. He began his career as an actor in the silent film era but later shifted his focus to directing. His notable films include "El frente de los suspiros" (1942), "Locura de amor" (1948), and "Agustina de Aragón" (1950). "Locura de amor" was entered into the 1948 Cannes Film Festival, where it won the award for Best Actress. Orduña was also honored with the Medal of Merit in Fine Arts in 1958 for his contribution to Spanish cinema.

In addition to his work in film, Juan de Orduña also directed several theatrical productions and television series. He was known for his grandiose productions, often featuring large sets and casts. Orduña was a prominent figure in Spanish cinema during the Franco regime and his films often reflected the nationalist and conservative values of the time. However, his later works showed a more critical perspective, addressing controversial topics such as the Spanish Civil War. Orduña was married to actress Conchita Montes and they had two sons. He is remembered as one of the most significant figures in Spanish film history.

Despite his success as a filmmaker, Juan de Orduña also faced controversy and criticism during his career. He was accused of plagiarism for his film "Jeromín" (1953), which was based on a play by Pedro Muñoz Seca. Orduña was sued by the playwright's family and was forced to withdraw the film from circulation.

In the 1960s, Juan de Orduña shifted his focus to television, directing several series including "Teresa de Jesús" (1961) and "Los Desafíos" (1963). He also served as the director of the National Theater in Madrid from 1962 to 1966.

In recognition of his contributions to Spanish cinema, the Juan de Orduña Awards were established in 2014 to honor the best in Spanish film production. The awards are presented annually by the Association of Filmmakers and include categories such as Best Film, Best Director, and Best Screenplay.

Juan de Orduña's legacy continues to influence Spanish cinema and his films are still celebrated and studied today.

He died as a result of myocardial infarction.

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Ángel Botello

Ángel Botello (June 20, 1913 Galicia-November 11, 1986) was a Spanish personality.

Ángel Botello was a Spanish painter and sculptor, known for his vibrant and colorful works that were heavily influenced by Cubism, Fauvism, and the works of traditional Spanish artists. He began his artistic career in Paris during the 1930s, studying under the famous cubist artist André Lhote. Botello's work was heavily influenced by his Galician heritage, as well as his travels throughout Latin America and the Caribbean. He was also a talented printmaker and his work can be found in numerous public and private collections around the world. Botello relocated to Puerto Rico in the 1950s, where he continued to create art until his death in 1986. He is considered to be one of the most important artists of the mid-20th century in Puerto Rico and was awarded the Order of Isabel the Catholic by the Spanish government for his contributions to the arts.

Botello's works are recognized for the fusion of European modernism with Latin American themes, culture and landscapes. His paintings, sculptures, and prints often depicted rural scenes, tropical plants, and food as well as folk traditions, myths, and rituals expressing the sensibility of Caribbean and Latin American countries. Botello also created several murals, mosaics and stained-glass windows for public buildings, including the University of Puerto Rico's library, Cuartel Ballajá, the Puerto Rico Hilton Hotel, and the Bacardi Building in Miami. In addition to his artistic career, Botello taught at the Puerto Rico School of Fine Arts, the University of Puerto Rico, and the Instituto Politécnico de México. Today, his works can be seen in Puerto Rico's Museum of Art, the Museum of Modern Art in New York, the Vatican Art Collection, and the National Museum of Fine Arts in Havana, among many others.

Botello's influence on Puerto Rican culture continued long after his death, and in 1998, a museum dedicated solely to his works was opened in Old San Juan. The Ángel Botello Museum houses more than 500 pieces of his work, including paintings, sculptures, and sketches, as well as personal belongings such as letters and photographs that provide insight into his life and creative process.

In addition to his artistic and teaching careers, Botello also had a passion for music and was a skilled guitarist. He often incorporated music into his art, and some of his paintings and sculptures feature musicians or musical instruments. Botello was a true renaissance man, and his contributions to the arts in Puerto Rico and beyond continue to be celebrated and admired by art enthusiasts and scholars alike.

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Concepción Arenal

Concepción Arenal (January 31, 1820 Ferrol-February 4, 1893 Vigo) a.k.a. Concepcion Arenal was a Spanish writer.

She was also an advocate for women's rights and a pioneer of feminist thought in Spain. She championed education for women and their access to professions that were traditionally reserved for men. Arenal was a prolific writer, publishing numerous essays, articles, and books on social and moral issues. Her most famous work, "La mujer del porvenir" (The Woman of the Future), argued that women's rights and education were essential for a just and equal society. Arenal also worked as a philanthropist, founding organizations to support women and children in need. Today, she is considered one of the most important figures in the history of Spanish feminism, and her work continues to inspire activists and scholars around the world.

In addition to her work as a writer and advocate for women's rights, Concepción Arenal was also a dedicated social reformer. She focused much of her activism on improving the treatment of prisoners in Spain, advocating for better living conditions, access to education and work, and the abolition of the death penalty. Her research and writings on the subject were influential in shaping Spain's modern prison system. Arenal was also a prominent member of Spain's intellectual elite, and she corresponded with many of the leading thinkers and writers of her time, including Victor Hugo and Emilia Pardo Bazán. Her legacy as a feminist, writer, and social reformer continues to inspire generations of activists and advocates for social justice.

Moreover, Concepción Arenal was also the first woman in Spain to attend university. She studied philosophy and law at the Universidad Central de Madrid, but was not allowed to formally enroll as a student due to her gender. Instead, she audited classes and completed her studies independently. Arenal went on to become a highly respected legal scholar, and her expertise in law was integral to her advocacy for women's rights and prison reform. Arenal's contributions to Spanish letters were also significant, and she is widely regarded as one of the most important Spanish writers of the 19th century. Her works include plays, novels, and poems, many of which explore social justice issues and the condition of women in Spanish society. Despite facing significant prejudice and discrimination during her lifetime, Arenal remained committed to her beliefs and fought tirelessly for the causes she believed in. Her impact on Spanish society and culture cannot be overstated, and her legacy continues to inspire generations of Spanish feminists and reformers.

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Agustín Durán

Agustín Durán (October 14, 1789 Madrid-December 1, 1862 Madrid) also known as Agustin Duran was a Spanish writer.

He was known for his literary works and contributions to the Spanish Golden Age of literature. Duran had a strong passion for language and linguistics, which led him to publish several books on Spanish grammar and vocabulary. In addition, he was an advocate for the preservation of Spanish culture and history. He was a member of the Royal Spanish Academy and served as the head of the Spanish National Library. Duran's legacy continues to live on through his literary works and his dedication to Spanish language and culture.

He began his career as a journalist and worked for several newspapers and magazines in Madrid. Duran was also known for his research on the Spanish theater, and his book "Historia del Teatro Español" (History of Spanish Theater) is considered a seminal work in the field. He was able to garner critical acclaim and recognition for his work during his lifetime, and he was even awarded the Order of Isabella the Catholic by Queen Isabella II of Spain.

Duran was also a collector of rare books and manuscripts, and his personal collection formed the basis of what is now the Duran Library at the Complutense University of Madrid. His passion for collecting and preserving cultural artifacts was reflective of his dedication to his country's heritage and inspired generations of Spaniards to do the same.

Despite his many accomplishments, Duran's life was not without adversity. He faced financial difficulties throughout his career and struggled to support his family. However, his perseverance in the face of difficulty is a testament to his commitment to his craft and his love for Spanish culture.

Duran's impact on Spanish literature and culture continues to be felt today. His works on Spanish grammar and vocabulary are still studied by language students, while his research on the Spanish theater is considered a crucial contribution to the field. He was also a prominent figure in the intellectual circles of his time, counting many influential writers and thinkers among his friends and acquaintances. His dedication to preserving Spanish history and culture inspired a generation of scholars and cultural enthusiasts, and his legacy continues to inspire pride in Spanish heritage.

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Antonio Mairena

Antonio Mairena (September 7, 1909 Spain-September 5, 1983 Seville) also known as Mairena, Antonio or Antoni Mairena was a Spanish singer.

His albums: "Así fue..." : Recital en El Taranto de Almería, Obra Completa (Volumen 15), , Solera Gitana, and .

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