American musicians born in 1914

Here are 50 famous musicians from United States of America were born in 1914:

Lester Flatt

Lester Flatt (June 19, 1914 Duncan's Chapel-May 11, 1979 Nashville) a.k.a. Flatt, Lester or Lester Raymond Flatt was an American musician, songwriter, guitarist and mandolinist.

His albums include Gospel, Lester Raymond Flatt, Strictly Instrumental, Flint Hill Special / Dim Lights Thick Smoke (And Loud Loud Music), Pike County Breakdown / Old Salty Dog Blues, The Complete Mercury Sessions, No Mother or Dad / Foggy Mountain Breakdown and Foggy Mountain Special. His related genres: Bluegrass and Country.

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Sun Ra

Sun Ra (May 22, 1914 Birmingham-May 30, 1993 Birmingham) also known as Herman Poole Blount, Le Sony'r Ra, Sonny or Herman Blount was an American singer, composer, bandleader, organist, keyboard player, jazz pianist, musician, writer and actor.

Discography: The Heliocentric Worlds of Sun Ra Vol. 1, Solo Piano, Volume 1, At the Village Vanguard, Blue Delight, Cosmo Sun Connection, Featuring Pharoah Sanders & Black Harold, Spaceship Lullaby, Jazz by Sun Ra, The Great Lost Sun Ra Albums and The Other Side of the Sun. Genres: Kozmigroov, Swing music, Hard bop, Avant-garde jazz, Free jazz, Experimental music, Jazz fusion and Doo-wop.

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Billy Tipton

Billy Tipton (December 29, 1914 Oklahoma City-January 21, 1989 Spokane) was an American talent agent.

His albums include Billy Tipton Plays Hi-Fi On Piano. Genres he performed: Jazz and Swing music.

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Ward Kimball

Ward Kimball (March 4, 1914 Minneapolis-July 8, 2002 Los Angeles) a.k.a. Ward Walrath Kimball, The Firehouse Five Plus Two, The Firehouse Five Plus 2 or Firehouse Five Plus Two was an American animator, trombonist, film director, screenwriter, television producer and television director. He had three children, Chloe Kimball, Kelly Kimball and John Kimball.

Kimball was a pioneer in the animation industry and one of Walt Disney's top animators known for his work on classic films such as Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs, Pinocchio, and Fantasia. He was also the creator of several beloved Disney characters, including Jiminy Cricket from Pinocchio and the crows from Dumbo. In addition to his work in animation, Kimball was an accomplished musician and formed the jazz band The Firehouse Five Plus Two, which released several albums and performed regularly. He continued to work in the entertainment industry well into his later years, producing and directing television shows such as The Mickey Mouse Club and starring in the Disney documentary The Disneyland Story.

Kimball studied at the Santa Barbara School of the Arts and the Chouinard Art Institute in Los Angeles. After graduating, he joined the Disney Studios in 1934 and quickly found success as an animator. He was part of the team that worked on the groundbreaking film Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs, which is considered a masterpiece of animation to this day.

Kimball's passion for music never waned, and he continued to play with The Firehouse Five Plus Two throughout his career. The band consisted of fellow Disney animators and was named after the fact that they would often gather at the firehouse next to the studio to practice. They became popular in their own right and were regular performers on The Mickey Mouse Club.

In addition to his work in animation and music, Kimball was also a noted collector of locomotives and had a large collection of antique trains. He even built a narrow-gauge railroad on his property in San Gabriel, California, which he named Grizzly Flats Railroad.

Kimball passed away in 2002 at the age of 88, but his legacy in the animation industry and jazz music world lives on. He was a true pioneer, innovator, and multi-talented artist who left an indelible mark on the world of entertainment.

In 1967, Kimball retired from his role as an animator at Disney to focus on his other interests, including music and trains. However, he continued to work for the company as a television producer and director, creating shows such as The Mouse Factory and The Adventures of Chip 'n' Dale. During his time at Disney, Kimball received many accolades, including an Academy Award for his short film 'It's Tough to Be a Bird'. He was also inducted into the Disney Legends Hall of Fame in 1989. In addition to his contributions to the animation and music industries, Kimball was also known for his love of practical jokes and irreverent sense of humor, which he frequently incorporated into his work. Overall, Ward Kimball was a true renaissance man whose eclectic talents and interests made him a beloved figure in the entertainment world.

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Billy Eckstine

Billy Eckstine (July 8, 1914 East Liberty-March 8, 1993 Pittsburgh) also known as Billie Eckstine, Billy Eckstien, William Clarence Eckstein or Eckstine, Billy was an American singer and actor. His children are Ed Eckstine, Gina Eckstine and Guy Eckstine.

His discography includes: Billy Eckstine Sings With Benny Carter, Everything I Have Is Yours: The Best of the M-G-M Years, Mr. B. and the Band: The Savoy Sessions, Stormy / Feel the Warm, Verve Jazz Masters 22, In the Still of the Night, 'Mr B', Compact Jazz, Jazz Masters and Now Singing in 12 Great Movies. Genres he performed include Jazz.

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Rosalyn Tureck

Rosalyn Tureck (December 14, 1914 Chicago-July 17, 2003 New York City) a.k.a. Tureck, Rosalyn was an American harpsichordist and pianist.

Her albums include Great Pianists of the 20th Century, Volume 94: Rosalyn Tureck II, A Tribute to a Keyboard Legend, The Well-Tempered Clavier, Book 1, Goldberg Variations (feat. piano: Rosalyn Tureck), Goldberg Variations, BWV 988 and The Well-Tempered Clavier, Book 2.

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Ernest Tubb

Ernest Tubb (February 9, 1914 Crisp-September 6, 1984 Nashville) otherwise known as Ernest Dale Tubb, Tubb, Ernest, Ernie Tubb or The Texas Troubador was an American bandleader, songwriter, singer, singer-songwriter and actor. He had one child, Justin Tubb.

His albums: 20th Century Masters: The Millennium Collection: The Best of Ernest Tubb, Best of Ernest Tubb, Early Hits of 'The Texas Troubadour', Merry Texas Christmas You All, Retrospective, Volume 3, The Country Music Hall of Fame: Ernest Tubb, The Definitive Hits Collection, The Texas Troubadour, The Yellow Rose of Texas and Walking the Floor Over You. Genres: Honky-tonk and Country.

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Lee Young

Lee Young (March 7, 1914 New Orleans-July 31, 2008 Los Angeles) also known as Leonidas Raymond Young or Young, Lee was an American singer.

He was part of the jazz and swing music scene in the 1930s and 1940s and became well known for his smooth and charismatic voice. Lee Young often performed with his brothers, who were also musicians, and played alongside popular artists such as Nat King Cole and Billie Holiday. He is perhaps best known for his rendition of the song "It's Been a Long, Long Time," which was a hit in the 1940s. In addition to his music career, Lee Young was also an accomplished boxer and served in the U.S. Army during World War II.

After the war, Lee Young returned to the music scene and continued to perform throughout the 1950s and 1960s. He collaborated with many renowned musicians including Count Basie, Charlie Parker, and Dizzy Gillespie. He is noted for his contribution to the jazz community and his unique blending of swing and bebop styles. Furthermore, Lee Young was a prominent figure in the civil rights movement and was actively involved in advocating for equal rights and opportunities for African Americans. He remained a beloved performer and continued to tour until his retirement in the 1990s. Lee Young passed away in 2008 at the age of 94 but his music and legacy continue to influence jazz musicians to this day.

During his early years, Lee Young and his brothers became known as the "Young Family Band" and played in various venues around New Orleans. At the age of 16, he moved to Los Angeles with his family, where they continued to perform music. It was there that he began his music career in earnest, performing in various clubs and venues across the city.

Lee Young's talent as a singer and musician was widely recognized in the music industry, and he collaborated with many famous musicians of his time. He recorded with Nat King Cole and worked with other renowned artists like Benny Carter, Lionel Hampton, and Lester Young, who was his brother. His versatility as a musician also allowed him to perform in different music genres, such as blues and R&B.

Besides his successful music career, Lee Young was also an accomplished and skilled boxer. He began boxing at the age of 14 and went on to become a Golden Gloves champion. He was inducted into the Boxing Hall of Fame in 2005 for his contribution to the sport.

In addition to his music and boxing careers, Lee Young was an important figure in the civil rights movement. He actively supported the cause and became involved in various organizations that advocated for equal rights for African Americans. He also helped to organize numerous benefit concerts that raised funds for civil rights organizations.

Lee Young's legacy as a performer and champion of civil rights continue to be felt to this day. His contribution to the music industry and his tireless advocacy for social justice have left a lasting impact on the world.

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Kenny Clarke

Kenny Clarke (January 9, 1914 Pittsburgh-January 26, 1985 Montreuil) a.k.a. Clarke, Kenny, Kenneth Spearman Clarke, Klook, Liaqat Ali Salaam or Klook-Mop was an American drummer, musician and film score composer. He had two children, Kenny Clarke Jr and Laurent Clarke.

His albums: The Golden 8, Bohemia After Dark, Americans Swinging in Paris, The Chronological Classics: Kenny Clarke 1946-1948, The Chronological Classics: Kenny Clarke 1948-1950, Jazz in Paris: Rhoda Scott + Kenny Clarke, The Jazz Trio of Hank Jones and Jazz-Young Blood. Genres he performed: Jazz.

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Sonny Boy Williamson I

Sonny Boy Williamson I (March 30, 1914 Jackson-June 1, 1948 Chicago) a.k.a. Sonny Boy Williamson, John Lee Williamson, John Lee "Sonny Boy" Williamson, Williamson, Sonny Boy, Sonny Boy Willamson or Lee Williamson, John was an American , .

His albums: Nothing but the Blues: John Lee Williamson, Nothing but the Blues, The Bluebird Recordings: 1937 - 1938, The Blues: Chicago 1937-1945, Broken Heart Blues, Sugar Mama, When the Sun Goes Down, Volume 8: Bluebird Blues, The Bluebird Recordings 1938, Sugar Mama Blues / Good Morning, School Girl and Baby Please Don't Go. Genres related to him: Chicago blues, Country blues, Electric blues and Harmonica blues.

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Lester Roloff

Lester Roloff (June 28, 1914 Dawson-November 2, 1982 Normangee) was an American clergy.

He was best known as a passionate advocate for conservative Christian values and for his work in establishing homes for troubled teenagers. Roloff was a popular preacher and radio personality in the 1950s and 1960s, often appearing on Christian broadcasts to promote his message. He founded a number of homes for juvenile delinquents, including the Rebekah Home for Girls in Corpus Christi, Texas, which was the subject of controversy and legal battles in the 1970s. Roloff's staunch opposition to government intervention in religious matters made him a controversial figure, but he remained a beloved figure in the Christian community until his death in 1982.

In addition to his work with troubled youth, Lester Roloff was also known for his fiery preaching style and his strict adherence to traditional biblical teachings. He frequently spoke out against what he saw as the moral decay of American society in the latter half of the 20th century, calling for a return to family values and strict adherence to biblical principles. Roloff's broadcasts and lectures were popular throughout the United States and his influence helped to shape the modern conservative Christian movement. Despite his sometimes controversial views, he was widely respected as a dedicated and passionate advocate for his beliefs. After his death, the homes he founded continued to operate under the oversight of the Roloff Evangelistic Enterprises organization.

Roloff was born in Dawson, Texas and was raised on a cotton farm. He graduated from Baylor University with a degree in business administration, but felt a calling to the ministry and pursued theological education at the Southwestern Baptist Theological Seminary. Roloff began his ministry as a Southern Baptist preacher, but eventually broke away from the denomination and affiliated himself with the Independent Fundamental Baptist movement.

In addition to his work with troubled youth and his preaching, Roloff was also a prolific author, penning several books on Christian living and the dangers of secular society. He also recorded a number of gospel albums, showcasing his talents as a musician and singer.

Despite his controversial views and the legal battles he faced over the Rebekah Home for Girls, Lester Roloff remains an influential figure in the history of American Christianity. His legacy lives on through the homes he founded and the countless lives he touched through his preaching and advocacy for traditional Christian values.

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Philip Farkas

Philip Farkas (March 5, 1914 United States of America-December 21, 1992) was an American , .

French horn player and teacher. He is considered one of the most influential French horn players of the 20th century. Farkas played with many notable orchestras such as the Boston Symphony Orchestra and the Chicago Symphony Orchestra. He also played on the soundtrack for the classic film "The Wizard of Oz" and was part of the NBC Symphony Orchestra led by Arturo Toscanini.

In addition to his performing career, Farkas was also a highly respected teacher. He taught at Indiana University and later became the principal horn teacher at the University of Illinois. Farkas also authored several books on horn playing, including "The Art of French Horn Playing" which is still considered a standard reference for horn players.

Farkas was known for his innovative approach to French horn playing, including the development of a new type of mouthpiece and playing style that focused on producing a warm, rich, and powerful sound. He inspired generations of students and fellow horn players with his dedication to the instrument and his passion for music.

After retiring from his teaching career in 1971, Farkas continued to perform and record. He collaborated with various musicians and conductors, including Leonard Bernstein, and was a founding member of the International Horn Society. In recognition of his contributions to the field of horn playing, Farkas received numerous awards throughout his career, including the Distinguished Service Award from the University of Illinois and the American Bandmasters Association's Edwin Franko Goldman Memorial Citation. Farkas passed away in 1992 at the age of 78. His legacy lives on through the many students he taught, the books he authored, and his influential recordings that continue to inspire horn players today.

Farkas was born in Chicago and began playing the French horn at a young age. He studied at the Chicago Musical College and joined the Chicago Symphony Orchestra at the age of 21. During World War II, he served as principal horn in the Army Air Corps Symphony and later played with the Boston Symphony Orchestra. He eventually settled in the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign where he made significant contributions to the university's music department. Farkas was known for his dedication to his students, often going above and beyond to support and encourage their musical growth. Many of his students went on to have successful careers as professional French horn players. Today, Farkas' legacy continues to be celebrated through various scholarships and awards in his honor, as well as the continued use of his mouthpiece and playing techniques by horn players around the world.

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Larry Adler

Larry Adler (February 10, 1914 Baltimore-August 6, 2001 London) also known as Larry Adler Et Al., Lawrence Cecil Adler or Lawrence "Larry" Cecil Adler was an American musician, actor and film score composer.

His albums: The Best of Larry Adler, The Best Of, The Great Larry Adler: Original Recordings 1934–1947, The Man I Love, Stormy Weather, , It Ain't Necessarily So, The Glory of Gershwin and Harmonica Virtuoso.

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Bert Parks

Bert Parks (December 30, 1914 Atlanta-February 2, 1992 La Jolla) also known as Bert Jacobson was an American singer and actor.

He is best known as the longtime host of the Miss America beauty pageant from 1955 to 1979. Parks was also a popular television personality and hosted several other game shows and variety programs throughout his career, including "Break the Bank" and "Masquerade Party." In addition to his television work, he appeared in several movies and stage productions. Parks continued to perform well into his later years and was inducted into the Broadcasting and Cable Hall of Fame in 1992, shortly before his death.

Parks initially started his career as a radio announcer in the 1930s and later moved to New York City where he worked as an actor in theater productions. He landed his first major break in the entertainment industry in 1954 when he was asked to host the Miss America pageant, a role that he would become famous for. Parks was praised for his charismatic and charming personality and was widely credited with helping to make the pageant a national treasure.

Aside from his hosting duties, Parks also had a successful music career, recording several albums and singles throughout the 1950s and 1960s. He was known for his smooth, baritone voice and romantic ballads.

Throughout the 1970s and 1980s, Parks continued to appear on television and in stage productions, including a stint on Broadway in the musical "La Cage aux Folles." He also became active in various charitable and philanthropic causes, including serving as a spokesperson for the March of Dimes.

Parks passed away in 1992 at the age of 77 from lung cancer. He was remembered as a beloved figure in the entertainment industry and a pioneer in the world of television game shows and pageantry.

During his time as the host of the Miss America pageant, Parks was known for his iconic singing of the pageant's theme song, "There She Is." He even continued to sing the song at various events and television appearances throughout his career. In addition to his work in entertainment, Parks was also a World War II veteran, having served in the Army Air Corps. He remained active in veterans' organizations throughout his life.

Parks' personal life was relatively private, but he was married twice and had two children. His legacy continued after his death, as the Bert Parks Scholarship Program was established by the Miss America Organization to provide scholarships to young women in his memory. Parks was also posthumously awarded a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame in 1993.

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Slam Stewart

Slam Stewart (September 21, 1914 Englewood-December 10, 1987 Binghamton) also known as Stewart, Slam, Leroy Eliot "Slam" Stewart, Leroy Elliott Stewart, Slim and Slam or Slam Stewart Trio was an American musician.

His discography includes: Bowin' Singin' Slam, The Chronological Classics: Slam Stewart 1945-1946, Fish Scales, Two Big Mice, Shut Yo' Mouth! and Jumpin' at the Deuces. Genres he performed include Jazz.

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Archie Campbell

Archie Campbell (November 7, 1914 Bulls Gap-August 28, 1987 Knoxville) was an American comedian, musician and screenwriter.

His discography includes: Christmas at the Opry. Genres: Country.

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Tex Beneke

Tex Beneke (February 12, 1914 Fort Worth-May 30, 2000 Costa Mesa) also known as Gordon Lee Beneke or Beneke, Tex was an American singer, musician, saxophonist and bandleader.

His most well known albums: Palladium Patrol, The Legendary Big Bands Series, 5 Minutes More... A Tribute, Christmas Serenade in the Glenn Miller Style and 1964 Live Guard Sessions / Stars for Defense Shows from 1960. Genres related to him: Jazz, Swing music, Blues and Big Band.

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Pops Staples

Pops Staples (December 28, 1914 Winona-December 19, 2000 Chicago) also known as Roebuck "Pops" Staples, Roebuck Staples, Pop Staples, Pops Stapples, Roebuck 'Pops' Staples, The Staple Singers or Pops was an American singer, musician and songwriter. His children are called Pervis Staples, Mavis Staples, Yvonne Staples and Cleotha Staples.

His albums: Father Father, Peace to the Neighborhood, Jammed Together and Don't Lose This. His related genres: Gospel music, Rhythm and blues, Christian music and Blues.

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George Bassman

George Bassman (February 7, 1914 New York City-June 26, 1997 Los Angeles) was an American songwriter, composer, film score composer and music arranger.

His albums: Ride the High Country / Mail Order Bride.

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Marvin Ash

Marvin Ash (October 4, 1914 Lamar-September 21, 1974 Los Angeles) was an American musician.

Genres he performed: Ragtime and Jazz.

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Eleanor Steber

Eleanor Steber (July 17, 1914 Wheeling-October 3, 1990 Langhorne) was an American singer.

She was a soprano and is considered to be one of the greatest operatic singers of the 20th century. Steber's career spanned over four decades and she performed in many of the world's most prestigious opera houses, including the Metropolitan Opera in New York City. She was known for her clear, powerful voice and her ability to interpret a wide range of roles, from Mozart to Verdi. Steber received many honors throughout her career, including several Grammy Awards, and in 1956 she became the first American to sing at the reopening of the La Scala opera house in Milan after World War II. Despite struggling with health issues later in life, Steber remained active in the music world until her death in 1990.

Born in Wheeling, West Virginia, Eleanor Steber's parents were both musicians and encouraged her to pursue a career in music. She attended local schools and became proficient in piano, but after discovering her singing talent, decided to pursue a career in opera. Steber studied at the Juilliard School in New York City and made her operatic debut at the Tanglewood Music Festival in 1940 before joining the prestigious Metropolitan Opera in 1941.

During her time at the Met, Steber sang in many notable productions, including Mozart's "The Magic Flute" and "Don Giovanni", as well as Giuseppe Verdi's "La Traviata" and Richard Strauss's "Der Rosenkavalier". She was known for her clear and precise vocal technique, as well as her ability to convey emotion through her performances.

In addition to her operatic work, Steber also appeared in concerts and recitals throughout the world, performing with prestigious orchestras such as the New York Philharmonic and the Chicago Symphony Orchestra. She also made several recordings throughout her career, including a highly regarded recording of Leonard Bernstein's "Candide".

After retiring from performing in the 1970s, Steber continued to share her knowledge and passion for music by teaching at Indiana University and the Curtis Institute of Music. She also served as a mentor to many young singers and was honored with numerous accolades and awards for her contributions to the arts.

Steber's success in the music world was not limited to her performances alone. She was an avid supporter of new and emerging composers, and often premiered works by American composers such as Samuel Barber and Leonard Bernstein. Steber was also a pioneer in the use of television to promote opera to wider audiences. In 1954, she starred in a televised production of "The Old Maid and the Thief", becoming one of the first opera singers to appear on television. Steber was also known for her philanthropic efforts, and was a supporter of many organizations dedicated to the arts and music education.

Despite battling health issues later in life, including a stroke and heart attack, Steber remained committed to her music and continued teaching until her death in 1990. Her contributions to the world of opera and classical music continue to be celebrated and remembered today, and she remains an inspiration to aspiring performers and musicians around the world.

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Sonny Burke

Sonny Burke (March 22, 1914 Scranton-May 31, 1980 Santa Monica) also known as Joseph Francis Burke, Burke, Sonny or Francis Burke was an American bandleader, composer and music arranger.

He began his career as a pianist and arranger for big bands such as Tommy Dorsey and Jimmy Dorsey. Burke went on to become the musical director for Bing Crosby's radio show in the 1940s and later worked as a composer and arranger for Hollywood films. He won an Academy Award for Best Song in 1955 for "Three Coins in the Fountain" from the film of the same name. Burke also composed and arranged music for several popular TV shows in the 1960s and 1970s. He continued to perform and record music throughout his career, and was inducted into the Songwriters Hall of Fame in 1970.

In addition to his work as a bandleader, composer, and arranger, Sonny Burke was also an accomplished songwriter. He is credited with composing or co-composing numerous popular songs throughout his career, including "Black Coffee," "Midnight Sun," and "What's New?" Burke was known for his skillful arrangements and innovative use of harmony and rhythm, which helped to define the sound of popular music during his lifetime. Despite suffering from health problems later in life, Burke remained active in the music industry until his death in 1980. He is remembered today as one of the most influential bandleaders and arrangers of the mid-20th century, renowned for his technical proficiency and creative vision.

Burke's early musical training came from his father, who was a pianist and composer. Burke attended the Scranton Conservatory of Music and later studied at the Juilliard School in New York City. He began his professional career in the 1930s, playing piano and arranging for a variety of bands, including those led by Tommy and Jimmy Dorsey.

In addition to his work in Hollywood, Burke also composed music for Broadway shows, including the hit musicals "Let It Ride!" and "Make a Wish." He also wrote songs for several popular recording artists, such as Nat King Cole and Peggy Lee.

Burke was known for his collaborative approach to music-making, often working closely with performers and other composers to create innovative and memorable songs. He was widely respected by his peers in the music industry and was known for his dedication to his craft.

Today, Burke's music continues to be celebrated and his influence can be heard in the work of many contemporary artists. His legacy as a composer, arranger, and bandleader lives on, inspiring generations of musicians to come.

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Smokey Hogg

Smokey Hogg (January 27, 1914 Texas-May 1, 1960 Texas) otherwise known as Hogg, Smokey was an American musician.

His albums: Penitentiary Blues. Genres he performed: Country blues and Texas blues.

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Johnnie Wright

Johnnie Wright (May 13, 1914 Mt. Juliet-September 27, 2011 Madison) otherwise known as Johnny Wright or Wright, Johnny was an American singer and singer-songwriter. His children are John Wright and Carol Sue Wright.

Genres related to him: Country.

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Doc Williams

Doc Williams (June 26, 1914 Cleveland-January 31, 2011 Wheeling) was an American singer.

He was best known for his work as one half of the popular country music duo "Doc and Chickie Williams" with his wife Chickie. The couple performed together for over fifty years and released numerous albums.

Born Andrew John Smik in Cleveland, Ohio, Doc grew up in a family of musicians and learned to play the guitar, banjo, and harmonica at a young age. He began his career in music performing on local radio programs and eventually formed his duo with Chickie, who he married in 1937.

In addition to their music career, Doc and Chickie owned and operated a music park in Wheeling, West Virginia, called "Jamboree USA". The park became a popular destination for country music fans and hosted live radio broadcasts as well as performances by famous musicians including Loretta Lynn and Johnny Cash.

Doc Williams remained active in music and touring well into his nineties and was known for his warm personality and dedication to his fans. He passed away in 2011 at the age of 96.

Throughout his career, Doc Williams had a successful solo career in addition to his work with Chickie. He released multiple solo albums including "Old Familiar Tunes", "Banjo Spectacular", and "Travellin' with Doc". He was also a prolific songwriter and composed songs for both himself and other artists. Doc was known for his unique sound which incorporated elements of traditional country, bluegrass, and folk music. His influence on the genre can still be heard in contemporary country music. In addition to his music and business ventures, Doc Williams was also a philanthropist and gave back to his community. The Doc Williams SPCA, a non-profit animal shelter in Ohio, was established in his honor.

Doc Williams and his wife Chickie were known for their perfect harmonies and entertaining stage presence. They were inducted into the Country Music Association of Ohio Hall of Fame in 1978 and their music continued to gain popularity even after their retirement from performing in 2001. The couple's music was also featured on numerous television and radio programs.

Aside from his musical career and business ventures, Doc Williams was also deeply involved in his community. In addition to establishing the Doc Williams SPCA, he regularly performed benefit concerts to support local charities and organizations. He also served as a mentor to many aspiring musicians and was highly respected in the music industry.

Doc and Chickie Williams' legacy continues to live on through their music and their impact on the country music genre. They are remembered as one of the most beloved and influential duos in country music history.

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Irving Taylor

Irving Taylor (April 8, 1914 Brooklyn-December 3, 1983 Westlake Village) otherwise known as Irving Goldberg was an American songwriter, screenwriter and writer.

He was best known for his humorous and satirical songwriting, which included popular tunes like "All I Want for Christmas is My Two Front Teeth" and "The Banana Boat Song (Day-O)." Taylor also wrote for several television shows, most notably "The Dean Martin Show" in the 1960s.

In addition to his songwriting and screenwriting, Taylor was also a published author, writing several books such as "The Unforgettable Season" about the Brooklyn Dodgers' legendary 1955 season. Taylor's talent for comedy and satire is widely recognized and he is regarded as one of the great comedic songwriters of the 20th century.

Taylor began his career in the 1940s, writing and performing comedy skits for radio programs like "The Bob Hope Show" and "The Bing Crosby Show." Later in his career, he also worked as a television writer for shows like "The Carol Burnett Show" and "The Red Skelton Hour."

In addition to his successful career as a songwriter and writer, Taylor also served in the United States Army during World War II. He was awarded the Bronze Star for his service in the European Theater of Operations.

Taylor was married twice, first to singer Ruth Wallis and later to actress Jo Anne Worley. He had three children, and his son David Taylor followed in his father's footsteps, becoming a successful songwriter and performer in his own right.

Taylor's impact on popular culture can still be felt today, with many of his songs being covered and sampled by modern artists. His contributions to comedy and music have cemented his place in American entertainment history.

Throughout his career, Taylor wrote for several well-known performers, including Frank Sinatra, Jimmy Durante, and Peggy Lee. He also contributed to several popular films, including "The Glenn Miller Story" and "The Five Pennies." In addition to his songwriting and screenwriting, Taylor was also known for his quick wit and clever wordplay, which made him a popular guest on talk shows and panel shows.

In the 1950s, Taylor became a regular guest on the popular game show "What's My Line?" where he often left the panel and audience in stitches with his humorous quips and jokes. He was also a frequent guest on "The Tonight Show Starring Johnny Carson" and other talk shows throughout the 1960s and 1970s.

Taylor continued to write and perform until his death in 1983 at the age of 69. In his later years, he focused more on writing novels and memoirs, including "The Laugh Makers: A Behind-The-Scenes Tribute To Bob Hope's Incredible Gag Writers" and "The Irving Taylor Songbook: 50 Classic Tunes from the Golden Age of American Popular Music."

Today, Irving Taylor is remembered as one of the great comedic talents of his generation, and his music and writing continue to entertain and inspire new generations of performers and artists.

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Mary Carlisle

Mary Carlisle (February 3, 1914 Boston-) also known as Mary Carlyle or Gwendolyn Witter is an American singer and actor.

She began her career in 1923 as a child actor and singer in silent films. By the 1930s, she became a contract player at MGM and starred in several musicals and comedies, sharing the screen with stars like Bing Crosby and Clark Gable. She was also a vocalist, recording songs for films and appearing on radio shows. In 1943, she retired from acting and went on to work in real estate. She is one of the last surviving actors of Hollywood’s Golden Age.

During her time at MGM, Mary Carlisle starred in over 60 films. Some of her notable performances include “Girl of the Rio” (1932), “Grand Hotel” (1932), and “Dead Men Walk” (1943). She was also known for her beauty and charm, which led to her being frequently featured in fan magazines and on the covers of popular publications.

In addition to her acting and singing career, Carlisle was also known for her philanthropy work, advocating for assuring the well-being of domestic animals. She even founded a no-kill animal shelter known as the Mary Carlisle Center for Animal Welfare.

Carlisle married British actor James Blakely in 1942, but he passed away in 1972. She currently lives in California and has been honored for her achievements in the entertainment industry with a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame.

She was born in Boston to parents who were both involved in the entertainment industry. Her father was a theater manager, while her mother was a chorus girl. While she was still a child, her family moved to Hollywood, where she began working in films at the age of nine. She was signed to a contract with MGM in the early 1930s, and appeared in several popular films including “College Humor” (1933) and “The Sweetheart of Sigma Chi” (1933).

Throughout her career, Mary Carlisle worked with some of the biggest names in Hollywood, including directors like Frank Capra, and actors like James Stewart and Lionel Barrymore. She was known for her versatility as an actress, and was equally at home in musicals, comedies, and dramas.

After retiring from acting in 1943, Carlisle focused on her real estate business and her advocacy work for animal welfare. She was a committed animal lover and spent much of her time and energy supporting animal shelters and organizations.

Despite her long and successful career in Hollywood, Mary Carlisle remained modest and down-to-earth throughout her life. She was known for her kindness and generosity, and was loved and respected by all who knew her.

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William Engvick

William Engvick (July 1, 1914-September 4, 2012) was an American lyricist.

He was born in St. Paul, Minnesota and attended the University of Minnesota. He began his career as a writer for radio shows in the 1930s, and later worked for MGM Studios writing songs for films such as Good News and The Harvey Girls. Engvick is perhaps best known for his work on the song "What Are You Doing New Year's Eve?", which has been covered by numerous artists including Ella Fitzgerald and Harry Connick Jr. In addition to his songwriting, Engvick also wrote for television shows and wrote lyrics for several Broadway musicals. He passed away at the age of 98 in 2012.

Engvick had a long and illustrious career as a lyricist, with his work spanning several decades. His work included songs for popular movies such as "The Pirate", "Summer Stock" and "Easter Parade". Engvick also worked with several renowned composers such as Harry Warren, Arthur Schwartz, and Jimmy Van Heusen.

In the late 1940s and early 1950s, Engvick wrote lyrics for the popular television show, "Your Show of Shows", starring Sid Caesar and Imogene Coca. He went on to write lyrics for other TV shows including "The Henry Morgan Show", "The Jack Benny Program", and "The Danny Kaye Show".

Engvick was nominated for several Tony Awards throughout his career, including for Best Musical for "The Gay Life" in 1962. He also had success writing lyrics for the popular musical "The Adventures of Tom Sawyer" in 2001.

In addition to his successful career as a lyricist, Engvick was also known for his work as a teacher. He taught a songwriting class at the New School for several years, mentoring several aspiring songwriters. William Engvick was a celebrated figure in the world of music and will always be remembered for his contribution to some of the most memorable songs of his time.

Engvick was a prolific writer and was known for his ability to write lyrics that were romantic and sentimental in nature. He was also known for his ability to capture the emotions of a particular moment and translate them into the lyrics of a song. One of his most popular songs, "What Are You Doing New Year's Eve?", is still played regularly during the holiday season.

Engvick's work was not limited to just movies and television shows. He also wrote lyrics for several popular artists including Nat King Cole, Peggy Lee, and Tony Bennett. He collaborated with several composers throughout his career, including Jule Styne and Richard Rodgers.

In addition to his work as a teacher and a songwriter, Engvick was also an advocate for the rights of songwriters. He was actively involved with the American Society of Composers, Authors and Publishers (ASCAP) and was a member of its Board of Directors.

Engvick's contributions to the world of music were recognized during his lifetime. In 2002, he was inducted into the Songwriters Hall of Fame. He was also honored with a Lifetime Achievement Award by the ASCAP in 2004.

William Engvick's legacy as a lyricist continues to live on through his timeless songs and the inspiration he provided to future generations of songwriters.

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Lee Hays

Lee Hays (March 14, 1914 Little Rock-August 26, 1981 Croton-on-Hudson) also known as Lee Hays, The Weavers or Lee Elhardt Hays was an American songwriter, singer and screenwriter.

Genres related to him: Folk music.

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Camille Howard

Camille Howard (March 29, 1914 Galveston-March 10, 1993) a.k.a. Howard, Camille was an American musician.

Discography: Rock Me Daddy.

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J. Bazzel Mull

J. Bazzel Mull (October 4, 1914 Burke County-September 5, 2006) was an American singer.

Genres: Christian music.

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Billy Kyle

Billy Kyle (July 14, 1914 Philadelphia-February 23, 1966) otherwise known as Kyle, Billy or William Osborne Kyle was an American jazz pianist.

His albums: The Chronological Classics: Billy Kyle 1937-1938 and The Chronological Classics: Billy Kyle 1939-1946. Genres he performed include Jazz.

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Ziggy Elman

Ziggy Elman (May 26, 1914 Philadelphia-June 26, 1968 Van Nuys) otherwise known as Elman, Ziggy, Harry Aaron Finkelman or Harry Finkelman was an American trumpeter.

He was considered one of the great swing trumpet players of his time and was a prominent member of Benny Goodman's orchestra. Elman's style was characterized by his smooth and lyrical phrasing, as well as his ability to play both high and low notes with ease. In addition to his work with Goodman, he also recorded as a bandleader and became known for his solo performances on tracks such as "And the Angels Sing" and "Bugle Call Rag." Elman continued to perform and record throughout the 1950s and 60s, collaborating with artists such as Tommy Dorsey and Louis Armstrong. He passed away in 1968 at the age of 54.

Elman began playing the violin at a young age before switching to the trumpet in his teens. His musical talent was quickly recognized, and he started playing professionally as a teenager. In the mid-1930s, he joined Benny Goodman's orchestra, becoming a featured soloist and recording numerous hits with the band. Elman's trumpet playing was also featured in many Hollywood films, including "The Benny Goodman Story" and "The Glenn Miller Story." He was known for his technical virtuosity and improvisational skills, and his influence on subsequent generations of trumpet players is widely recognized. Despite struggling with his health in his later years, Elman continued to perform and record until his death. Today, he is remembered as one of the greatest trumpet players in the history of jazz music.

Throughout his career, Elman worked with some of the biggest names in jazz, including Artie Shaw, Tommy Dorsey, and Louis Armstrong. He also recorded with his own band, which included notable musicians such as Red Norvo and Art Tatum. Beyond his musical contributions, Elman was also known for his striking stage presence, often wearing brightly colored suits and playing with a sense of showmanship.

Despite his success, Elman's personal life was not without its struggles. He battled depression and substance abuse throughout his career, which led to several hospitalizations and stints in rehab. In the 1950s, he retired from music for a period to focus on his health and family.

Elman's legacy continues to inspire musicians today, with his recordings and performances still celebrated for their technical brilliance and emotional depth. He was inducted into the Big Band and Jazz Hall of Fame in 1981, cementing his place as a true icon of jazz music.

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Edythe Wright

Edythe Wright (August 16, 1914 Bayonne-October 27, 1965 Point Pleasant) also known as Wright, Edythe was an American singer.

Genres she performed: Jazz, Big Band and Swing music.

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William S. Burroughs

William S. Burroughs (February 5, 1914 St. Louis-August 2, 1997 Lawrence) also known as William Burroughs, William S Burroughs, William Seward Burroughs, Burroughs, William S., William Lee, William Seward Burroughs II, Il hombre invisible, The Invisible Man, William S. Bourroughs or Bill was an American novelist, actor, screenwriter, writer, essayist and painter. His child is called William S. Burroughs, Jr..

His albums: The Best of William Burroughs, Dead City Radio, Nothing Here Now but the Recordings, You're the Guy I Want to Share My Money With, NBC: A Soundtrack of Must See TV, The "Priest" They Called Him, TALK TALK, Volume 3 Number 6, The Elvis of Letters, Spare Ass Annie and Other Tales and William S. Burroughs in Dub.

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Carmen Dragon

Carmen Dragon (July 28, 1914 Antioch-March 28, 1984 Los Angeles) was an American conductor, film score composer, composer and music arranger. He had five children, Daryl Dragon, Doug Dragon, Dennis Dragon, Carmen E. Dragon and Kathryn Dragon Henn.

His discography includes: Harp by Candlelight. Genres related to him: Film score.

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Robert Pete Williams

Robert Pete Williams (March 14, 1914 Zachary-December 31, 1980 Rosedale, Louisiana) also known as R. P. Williams was an American guitarist, musician and songwriter.

Related albums: Free Again, I'm Blue as a Man Can Be, Robert Pete Williams, When a Man Takes the Blues, Those Prison Blues, Blues From the Bottoms and Louisiana Blues. His related genres: Louisiana blues, Blues and Jump blues.

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Ivory Joe Hunter

Ivory Joe Hunter (October 10, 1914 Kirbyville-November 8, 1974 Memphis) a.k.a. Hunter, Ivory Joe was an American musician, singer-songwriter and songwriter.

Discography: Blues & Rhythm Series: The Chronological Ivory Joe Hunter 1950-1951, Blues, Ballads & Rock 'n' Roll, Sings Sixteen of His Greatest Hits, I Almost Lost My Mind / If I Give You My Love, I Found My Baby / I Ain't Got No Gal No More and The Fabulous Ivory Joe Hunter. Genres he performed: Rhythm and blues, Boogie-woogie, Country and Blues.

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Tom Glazer

Tom Glazer (September 2, 1914 Philadelphia-February 21, 2003 Rochester) also known as Thomas Zachariah Glazer or Glazer, Tom was an American singer, singer-songwriter and songwriter.

His most recognized albums: Weather Songs, Songs of the Lincoln Battalion, A Face in the Crowd, Space Songs, Energy & Motion Songs and Honk-Hiss-Tweet-GGGGGGGGGG and Other Children's Favorites by Tom Glazer.

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Floyd Tillman

Floyd Tillman (December 8, 1914 Ryan-August 22, 2003 Bacliff) a.k.a. Tillman, Floyd, Floyd Tillmann or Tillmann, Floyd was an American singer, musician and songwriter.

His most well known albums: The Country Music Hall of Fame Series, The Best of Floyd Tillman and I Gotta Have My Baby Back / It Had to Be That Way. Genres he performed include Country, Honky-tonk and Western swing.

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Erskine Hawkins

Erskine Hawkins (July 26, 1914 Birmingham-November 11, 1993 Willingboro) a.k.a. Hawkins, Erskine was an American songwriter and musician.

His most recognized albums: Holiday for Swing, Volume 2: 1940-1948.

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Pee Wee King

Pee Wee King (February 18, 1914 Abrams (CDP), Wisconsin-March 7, 2000 Louisville) also known as Pee Wee King & His Golden West Cowboys or King, Pee Wee was an American singer and singer-songwriter.

His albums: Pee Wee King's Country Hoedown: 51 Unreleased Recordings on 2 CDs, Pee-Wee King and His Golden West Cowboys and Western Swing Get Together. Genres he performed include Country.

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Thurl Ravenscroft

Thurl Ravenscroft (February 6, 1914 Norfolk-May 22, 2005 Fullerton) a.k.a. Thurl Arthur Ravenscroft, The Sportsmen, The Sportsman Quartette, The Sportsmen Quartette, The Mellomen or Pappy was an American singer, voice actor and actor. His children are called Ron Ravenscroft and Nancy Ravenscroft.

His albums: Great Hymns in Story and Song and Flapperette / Low in the Lehigh Valley.

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Hal McIntyre

Hal McIntyre (November 29, 1914 Cromwell-May 5, 1959 Los Angeles) otherwise known as McIntyre, Hal, Hal McIntyne, Hal McIntyre and His Orchestra or Harold William McIntyre was an American saxophonist, clarinetist and bandleader. He had one child, Hal Jr. McIntyre.

Discography: Issued Recordings (1941-1947).

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Josh White

Josh White (February 11, 1914 Greenville-September 6, 1969 Manhasset) otherwise known as Joshua White, White, Josh, Joshua Daniel White, Pinewood Tom, Tippy Barton or Josh White was an American singer, songwriter, actor, guitarist and civil rights activist. He had five children, Josh White Jr., Blondell White, Julianne White, Carolyn White and Judy White.

His albums include IN MEMORIUM, Joshua White: 1933–1941, Josh at Midnight / Ballads & Blues, Josh White Sings the Blues and Sings, Volume 1 & 2, The Essential, Free and Equal Blues, Blues Singer 1932–1936, The Roots of the Blues, I Ain’t Got Nobody and From New York to London. Genres related to him: Country blues and Piedmont blues.

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Homesick James

Homesick James (May 3, 1914 Somerville-December 13, 2006 Springfield) also known as Homesick James Williamson was an American singer.

His albums include The Last Of The Broomdusters, Chicago Slide Guitar Legend, Blues on the South Side, My Home Ain't Here: The New Orleans Session, Sad and Lonesome, Sweet Home Tennessee and Words of Wisdom. Genres: Blues.

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Pee Wee Crayton

Pee Wee Crayton (December 18, 1914 Rockdale-June 25, 1985 Los Angeles) otherwise known as Pee Wee Grayton, Crayton, Pee Wee or Pee Wee Clayton was an American singer, musician and guitarist.

His albums include Early Hour Blues, Things I Used to Do and Everyday I Have the Blues. Genres: Blues and Rhythm and blues.

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Dorothy Lamour

Dorothy Lamour (December 10, 1914 New Orleans-September 22, 1996 Los Angeles) a.k.a. Mary Leta Dorothy Slaton, The beautiful one, The Sarong Girl or Dottie was an American singer and actor. She had two children, John Ridgely Howard and Richard Thomson Howard.

Dorothy Lamour rose to fame in the 1930s and 1940s as the leading lady in a series of exotic adventure films known as the "Road to" movies, which also starred Bing Crosby and Bob Hope. She was known for her iconic sarong costumes and her sultry singing voice.

In addition to her film career, Lamour also had success on stage, starring in several Broadway productions and touring with her own musical show. She also acted in television shows in the 1950s and 1960s, and made occasional film appearances throughout her career.

Outside of her entertainment career, Lamour was an avid philanthropist, supporting numerous charities and organizations throughout her life. She also served as a volunteer for the American Women's Voluntary Services during World War II.

Lamour received a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame in recognition of her contributions to the entertainment industry. She passed away in 1996 at the age of 81, leaving behind a legacy as one of Hollywood's most beloved leading ladies.

Despite her sultry image on screen, Dorothy Lamour was known for being very down-to-earth and friendly in real life. She was married twice, first to Herbie Kay, a bandleader and jazz musician, and later to William Ross Howard III, a former Air Force captain. Lamour remained close with her former co-stars Bing Crosby and Bob Hope throughout her life, and the trio continued to perform together well into their later years. In addition to her acting and singing career, Lamour also wrote an autobiography, My Side of the Road, which was released in 1980. Lamour was also an advocate for cancer research, having survived a battle with the disease herself in the 1950s. She was honored with the Jean Hersholt Humanitarian Award at the 1985 Academy Awards, in recognition of her philanthropic work.

Lamour had a natural talent for singing from a young age, and she began performing with her mother in local New Orleans clubs as a child. She later moved to Chicago to pursue a career as a singer, and eventually made her way to Hollywood. Despite her success in film, Lamour often expressed frustration with being typecast in roles that emphasized her beauty and glamour over her acting abilities. She once famously quipped, "Men don't really marry a beautiful woman, they just rent them for a while." In spite of this, Lamour remained a popular and beloved figure in Hollywood, and her contributions to the entertainment industry have been widely recognized and celebrated.

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Jimmy Wakely

Jimmy Wakely (February 16, 1914 Howard County-September 23, 1982 Mission Hills) also known as Jimmie Wakely, Jimmy Clarence Wakely, The Jimmy Wakely Trio, Jimmy Wakely Trio, His Saddle Pals, James Wakely, James Clarence Wakeley or Jim Wakely was an American singer, actor, songwriter and musician. He had four children, Deanna Wakely, Carol Wakely, Linda Wakely and Johnny Wakely.

His albums: Vintage Collections, I'll Never Let You Go / There Ain't Gonna Be No Me and I Love You So Much It Hurts / I Don't Want Your Sympathy. His related genres: Country.

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Eddie Sauter

Eddie Sauter (December 2, 1914 Brooklyn-April 21, 1981 New York City) a.k.a. Sauter, Eddie or Edward Ernest Sauter was an American , .

composer, arranger and conductor. He is best known for his collaborations with jazz legend, Billie Holiday, as well as his work with the big band leader, Benny Goodman.

Sauter started his career as a trumpet player, but soon shifted his focus to arranging and composing. He worked with a number of big band leaders throughout the 1930s and 1940s, including Jimmy Dorsey and Artie Shaw.

In the mid-1940s, Sauter teamed up with Billie Holiday to create some of her most memorable recordings, including "Lover Man" and "Don't Explain". He also worked with Goodman during this time, arranging some of his most famous performances, including "Sing, Sing, Sing".

Sauter continued to compose and arrange music throughout the 1950s and 1960s, working with a range of artists, from Frank Sinatra to the experimental composer, John Cage. He passed away in 1981 at the age of 66.

Despite being self-taught, Eddie Sauter quickly established himself as one of the most innovative and influential arrangers in jazz. His style was marked by complex harmonies, unusual instrument combinations, and unexpected tempo changes. Sauter was also a pioneer in the use of electronic instruments, incorporating the Ondes Martenot (an early electronic musical instrument) into his compositions as early as the 1940s. This experimentation led to some of his most famous works, including the "Focus" suite, a collaboration with famed jazz trumpeter, Stan Getz, which was one of the first jazz compositions to include a solo for an electronic instrument.

In addition to his work in jazz, Sauter also composed classical music, including pieces for orchestra and chamber ensembles. Later in his career, he became a sought-after composer for television and film, creating scores for shows like "The Twilight Zone" and films such as "The Last Picture Show". Eddie Sauter's legacy continues to influence jazz and other genres of music to this day.

Sauter was born and raised in Brooklyn, New York. His father was a violinist and conductor, and his mother was a pianist, which gave him a musical upbringing from an early age. He started playing the trumpet in his teens and began arranging music shortly thereafter. Sauter's career soared after collaborating with Billie Holiday and Benny Goodman. In the 1950s, Sauter formed a close partnership with saxophonist Stan Getz, creating multiple albums together. His talent for scoring also landed him projects in films, including "The Man with the Golden Arm" and "Anatomy of a Murder". Sauter was a unique and unconventional artist, often incorporating experimental techniques into his work. He used extended techniques for orchestration, such as playing strings with a ruler or fingertips, as well as electronic instruments, like the Theremin. Throughout his career, Sauter received several accolades and honors for his contributions to music. The Jazz Journalists Association included him in their Jazz Hall Of Fame in 1983.

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