Austrian musicians died at 72

Here are 26 famous musicians from Austria died at 72:

Anton Bruckner

Anton Bruckner (September 4, 1824 Ansfelden-October 11, 1896 Vienna) also known as Bruckner or Josef Anton Bruckner was an Austrian composer and organist.

His albums include Symphony No. 9 in D minor, Symphony No. 4 in E-flat major "Romantic" (Philadelphia Orchestra feat. conductor: Eugene Ormandy), Symphonies No. 3 / No. 8 (Cleveland Orchestra feat. conductor: George Szell), Mass in F minor / Psalm 150, String Quintet / Intermezzo / Rondo / String Quartet, Symphony no. 5, Symphony No. 7 / Motets: Os justi, Christus factus est (conductor: Eugen Jochum), Symphony Nr. 4 (Berliner Philharmoniker feat. conductor: Günter Wand), Symphony No. 3 in D minor (Royal Scottish National Orchestra feat. conductor: Georg Tintner) and Symphonies (complete). Genres: Classical music and Romantic music.

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Ferdinand von Saar

Ferdinand von Saar (September 30, 1833 Vienna-July 24, 1906 Döbling) was an Austrian writer.

He was born to a family of actors and musicians and studied law at the University of Vienna, though he pursued writing instead. He wrote plays, novellas, poetry, and essays. Many of his works explore themes of love, death, and the struggles of the middle class. He was also known for his translations of French literature into German. In addition to his writing, he was a member of the Vienna City Council and a strong advocate for education reform. His work has been widely read and studied in Austria and Germany.

Von Saar's literary career began in the 1860s with the publication of his first poetry collection. He gained widespread recognition with his 1884 novella "Der Trotzkopf," which was later adapted into a popular children's book series. His plays, such as "Das Gespenst von Schloss Wolfenstein" and "Hauptmann Uhlan," were also well-received.

Von Saar's style is considered to be realistic and insightful, often depicting the complexities of human relationships and emotions. His work reflects the changing social landscape of 19th century Austria, particularly the rise of the middle class and the struggle for individual identity.

As a member of the Vienna City Council, von Saar was an advocate for public education and social welfare policies. He also served on the board of the Vienna Burgtheater, one of the most prestigious theaters in Europe.

Today, von Saar is still celebrated as one of the most important Austrian writers of the 19th century. His works continue to be translated into many languages and are widely read and studied around the world.

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Christine Busta

Christine Busta (April 23, 1915 Vienna-December 3, 1987 Vienna) was an Austrian writer.

She began her writing career in the 1930s, with her first book of poetry published in 1940. Busta's work often explored themes of religion, death, and the human experience, and she was known for her powerful and introspective style. She received numerous awards and honors throughout her career, including the Austrian State Prize for Literature in 1952 and the Grand Austrian State Prize in 1968. In addition to her poetry, Busta also wrote essays and translated works from English and French into German. Her literary legacy continues to influence Austrian and international poetry today.

In her personal life, Christine Busta was known to be a private person who lived a simple life. She was born to a Catholic family in Vienna and grew up in a middle-class household. Busta was a deeply religious person, and her faith heavily influenced her writing. In fact, her poetry is often noted for its spiritual themes and the way that it grapples with existential questions. Despite her reclusive nature, Busta was an active participant in the Austrian literary scene and was associated with the group of poets known as the "Vienna School." She was married and had one daughter, but little is known about her personal life beyond this. Throughout her career, Busta published over a dozen collections of poetry, as well as several volumes of essays and translations. Her work continues to resonate with readers thanks to its insights into the human condition and its lyrical, passionate voice.

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Gerard van Swieten

Gerard van Swieten (May 7, 1700 Leiden-June 18, 1772 Vienna) was an Austrian physician. He had one child, Gottfried van Swieten.

Gerard van Swieten was born in Leiden, Netherlands and studied medicine there. He later became the personal physician to the Austrian Empress Maria Theresa in 1745, which was a highly esteemed position at the time.

As a physician, van Swieten was instrumental in improving the medical education and healthcare system in Austria. He reformed the curriculum at the University of Vienna's Medical Faculty and established a public health board to promote sanitation and preventative medicine. Van Swieten also introduced smallpox vaccination to the Austrian Empire, which proved successful in reducing the prevalence of the disease.

Aside from his medical work, van Swieten was also a patron of the arts, particularly music. He was a close friend and supporter of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart's father, Leopold Mozart, and served as the court librarian in Vienna.

Van Swieten died in Vienna in 1772 and was buried in St. Stephen's Cathedral. His legacy in medicine and education, as well as his contributions to the arts, continue to be recognized to this day.

In addition to his other accomplishments, Gerard van Swieten was known for his prolific writings on medicine and healthcare. He authored over 60 medical works during his lifetime, some of which were translated into multiple languages and used as teaching materials in universities and medical schools across Europe. He also corresponded with other prominent physicians and scientists of his time, including Benjamin Franklin, on topics ranging from medical theory to public health policy. Van Swieten's impact on medicine and education extended beyond his own lifetime, as his students and proteges went on to become prominent physicians, educators, and researchers themselves. Today, van Swieten is remembered as one of Austria's foremost medical experts and a leading figure in the development of modern medicine.

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Erwin Stein

Erwin Stein (November 7, 1885-July 17, 1958) was an Austrian conductor. He had one child, Marion Stein.

Erwin Stein was born in Vienna, Austria and studied at the Vienna Conservatory. He also studied with Arnold Schoenberg and became a member of the Second Viennese School. Stein was known for his interpretations of the works of Schönberg, Berg and Webern. In 1913, he founded the Vienna Workers Symphony Orchestra, which performed concerts for the working class community. During World War II, Stein fled to England where he continued his career as a conductor and worked for the BBC. He also taught at the Guildhall School of Music and Drama in London. In addition to his conducting and teaching, Stein was also a composer and wrote music for stage productions.

Stein was highly regarded for his efforts in bringing contemporary music to wider audiences. He was a prolific writer and music critic, contributing to several music publications throughout his career. He also served as the editor of the publication "Melos," which focused on contemporary music. Stein's legacy lives on through his daughter, Marion Stein, who is also a composer and music educator. In 2013, the Vienna Workers Symphony Orchestra was revived to commemorate the 100th anniversary of the orchestra's founding by Stein. Today, Erwin Stein is remembered as a pioneer in modern music and a champion for the working class community.

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Alfred Rosé

Alfred Rosé (December 11, 1902 Vienna-May 7, 1975 London) also known as Alfred Rose was an Austrian conductor and composer.

He was a member of the Rosé Quartet, which was founded by his father Arnold Rosé, the concertmaster of the Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra. Alfred Rosé showed great musical talent from a young age and was a student of Arnold Schoenberg.

In 1938, he was forced to flee Austria due to persecution from the Nazis and settled in the United States. He eventually became a naturalized citizen and worked as a conductor for various orchestras, including the Los Angeles Philharmonic and the New York Philharmonic.

In addition to his work as a conductor, Alfred Rosé also composed music, including chamber music and several operas. He continued to perform in various capacities until his death in 1975.

Alfred Rosé married his wife, Alma, in 1926, and the couple had two children. Alma was also a musician and a member of the Rosé Quartet. During his time in the United States, Rosé was a professor of music at several institutions, including the Eastman School of Music and the University of Miami. He also served as the conductor of the Miami Beach Symphony Orchestra. Rosé was known for his advocacy for the works of his former teacher Arnold Schoenberg and was instrumental in promoting atonal music in the United States. In addition to his musical pursuits, Rosé was an avid collector of art and amassed a significant collection of paintings and sculptures. His collection included works by artists such as Marc Chagall, Max Ernst, and Joan Miró. After his death in 1975, his art collection was donated to several museums, including the Tel Aviv Museum of Art in Israel.

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Joseph Calasanza von Arneth

Joseph Calasanza von Arneth (August 12, 1791 Leopoldschlag-October 31, 1863) was an Austrian writer. He had one child, Alfred von Arneth.

Joseph Calasanza von Arneth was a distinguished Austrian historian and archivist. He served as director of the Imperial Archives of Austria from 1848 to 1853. Arneth was a tireless scholar, and his research served to provide valuable insight into the history of the Habsburg dynasty. During his tenure, he significantly expanded the Imperial Archive's collections, which included ancient documents, maps, and manuscripts. He conducted extensive research on the life and times of Emperor Maximilian, the last of the Holy Roman Emperors, publishing several important works on the subject. In addition to his scholarly pursuits, Arneth was also a great lover of the arts, particularly the theater, and was an accomplished playwright. He was honored for his accomplishments with several awards, including the Grand Cross of the Order of Leopold.

Arneth had a privileged upbringing and was educated at the Vienna Theresianum, where he was later appointed as a professor of history in 1819. He went on to serve as a librarian for the Emperor of Austria before being appointed as the director of the Imperial Archives. He also worked as a professor of history at the University of Vienna, where he mentored notable scholars such as Theodor von Sickel and Heinrich von Sybel.

Arneth was a prolific writer, and his literary works covered a broad range of subjects, from historical topics to literary criticism. His literary output earned him a reputation as one of Austria's most influential cultural figures of the 19th century. In addition to his academic pursuits, Arneth was a devoted family man and maintained a close relationship with his son, Alfred, who would go on to become a noted historian in his own right.

Today, Joseph Calasanza von Arneth is remembered as one of Austria's most distinguished historians and archivists, whose tireless work helped to preserve and expand the nation's invaluable historical archives.

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Fritz Koselka

Fritz Koselka (July 24, 1905 Graz-April 5, 1978) a.k.a. Friedrich Koselka was an Austrian writer and screenwriter.

In his early years, Koselka studied journalism and philosophy at the University of Graz. He worked as a journalist before turning to fiction writing, and his first novel was published in 1932. During the 1930s, he wrote several more novels, several of which were adapted for film.

Koselka's work was heavily influenced by his experiences living in Austria during World War II. He was drafted into the German army and sent to fight on the Eastern front, but was captured by the Red Army and spent several years in a prisoner-of-war camp. After the war, he returned to writing and worked as a screenwriter for several notable German and Austrian films.

Despite his successful career as a writer, Koselka struggled with alcoholism for much of his life. He died in 1978 in Vienna, leaving behind a legacy as one of Austria's most celebrated writers.

During his writing career, Fritz Koselka gained fame for his works such as "Vinzenz and the Devil" and "The False Genius". He was also known for his screenplay for the film "The Angel with the Trumpet", which was based on the novel by Ernst Lothar. Koselka's work was characterized by a blend of realism and social criticism, and he was praised for his ability to capture the struggles of everyday people in his writing. In addition to his literary accomplishments, Koselka was a member of the Austrian PEN Club and received numerous awards for his contributions to Austrian literature. Despite his personal struggles, his legacy as one of Austria's prominent writers lives on, influencing generations of writers that followed him.

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Wilhelm Stekel

Wilhelm Stekel (March 18, 1868 Bukovina-June 25, 1940 London) was an Austrian psychologist and psychoanalyst.

Stekel was known for his prominent works on the psychoanalytic study of sexual psychology and the unconscious. He was a prolific writer, with over 40 books to his name, including "Autoerotism: A Psychiatric Study of Onanism and Neurosis" and "The Interpretation of Dreams and Sexual Problems." Additionally, he was one of the cofounders of the Vienna Psychoanalytic Society along with Sigmund Freud and others in 1902. Despite their early collaboration, Stekel developed a disagreement with Freud regarding some psychoanalytical theories, eventually leading to the end of their professional relationship. Stekel's works have been widely discussed and debated in academic and clinical circles, and his contributions to the field of psychoanalysis continue to be revered today.

Stekel was born in the small town of Bukovina in what is now Ukraine, then part of the Austro-Hungarian Empire. He studied medicine at the University of Vienna and later specialized in psychiatry. Stekel began his career as a physician treating patients with neurotic disorders, and it was through his observations of their behavior that he became interested in psychoanalysis. He went on to become a prominent figure in the field and contributed greatly to its early development.

Stekel's theories on sexuality and the unconscious were controversial at the time, and he often clashed with other psychoanalysts over his views. Despite this, he continued to write and publish throughout his life, and his work remains influential to this day. Stekel's emphasis on the role of sexual impulses and their influence on behavior and mental health was groundbreaking, and his focus on the individual's subjective experience helped pave the way for the development of more patient-centered forms of therapy.

Stekel's personal life was marked by tragedy and upheaval. He struggled with alcoholism and financial difficulties, and his marriage ended in divorce. He moved frequently throughout his life, living and working in various cities across Europe and eventually settling in London. Stekel's suicide in 1940 was a shock to those who knew him, and his death remains a subject of speculation and debate among scholars and clinicians. Despite the challenges he faced, Stekel's contributions to the field of psychoanalysis have earned him a place among its most notable and influential thinkers.

He died as a result of suicide.

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Robert Dienst

Robert Dienst (March 1, 1928 Austria-June 13, 2000 Vienna) was an Austrian personality.

Robert Dienst was a prominent Austrian footballer who is considered to be one of the best players to have ever played for the Austrian national team. Born in Austria in 1928, Dienst started his career at the young age of 15 and quickly gained recognition for his skills on the field. He played for several clubs throughout his career, including FK Austria Wien, where he won three national championships and two Austrian Cups. Dienst also played internationally for Austria and was an instrumental part of the team that reached the quarter-finals of the 1954 World Cup. After retiring from playing, Dienst became a football coach and managed several teams including his former club, FK Austria Wien. He passed away in Vienna in 2000 at the age of 72.

In addition to being a successful footballer and coach, Robert Dienst was also known for his contributions to Austrian society. He was a member of the Austrian Federal Parliament from 1956 to 1959 and was active in promoting social and cultural causes. Dienst was also recognized for his bravery during World War II, when he joined the Austrian Resistance movement against Nazi occupation. In 1999, he was awarded the Grand Decoration of Honour in Gold for Services to the Republic of Austria, one of the country's highest honors. Dienst is remembered as a skilled athlete, dedicated coach, and a respected member of society who helped shape Austrian football and culture.

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Franz von Wirer

Franz von Wirer (April 5, 1771 Korneuburg-March 30, 1844 Vienna) was an Austrian physician.

He is known for his pioneering work in the field of psychiatry and is regarded as one of the founding fathers of modern psychiatry in Austria. He studied medicine at the University of Vienna and received his doctorate in 1794. In 1806, he became the director of the newly established Psychiatric Clinic at the Vienna General Hospital.

During his time at the clinic, Wirer made significant contributions to the understanding and treatment of mental illnesses. He introduced new therapeutic methods, such as hydrotherapy and occupational therapy, and conducted extensive research on the causes and symptoms of mental disorders. He also played a key role in the development of the Vienna School of Psychiatry, which emphasized the importance of patient observation and individual treatment plans.

Wirer was a prolific writer and published numerous papers and books on psychiatry throughout his career. He was a member of several scientific societies and received many honors for his contributions to the field of psychiatry. Today, he is remembered as a pioneer in the treatment of mental illness and a leading figure in the early history of modern psychiatry.

In addition to his achievements in psychiatry, Franz von Wirer also made important contributions to the broader medical community of his time. He served as a professor of medicine at the University of Vienna and was a member of the Austrian Academy of Sciences. He was also instrumental in the establishment of the Vienna Medical Association and played an active role in its activities.

Wirer was known for his compassionate and humane approach to patient care, which was grounded in his belief that mental illness was a medical condition that could be treated successfully with appropriate care and attention. His influence on the field of psychiatry in Austria can still be seen today, and his legacy remains an important part of the country's medical history.

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Nathan Birnbaum

Nathan Birnbaum (May 16, 1864 Vienna-April 2, 1937 Scheveningen) was an Austrian philosopher. His children are called Uriel Birnbaum, Menachem Birnbaum and Solomon Birnbaum.

Nathan Birnbaum was a prominent figure among Austrian Jews and was a leader in the Zionist movement. He was highly educated and had a keen interest in philosophy, which led him to become a pioneer of the Jewish cultural revival in Europe. Birnbaum was a prolific writer, editor, and lecturer and his works covered a wide range of topics including culture, identity, and nationalism. Known for his tireless efforts to promote Jewish culture and identity, he was one of the founders of the Jewish National Fund and also played a key role in the establishment of the Jewish State. Despite facing significant persecution during his lifetime, Nathan Birnbaum remained committed to his ideals and was a tireless advocate for the Jewish people and the Zionist cause.

In addition to his contributions to the Zionist movement, Nathan Birnbaum is also credited with coining the term "Zionism" in 1890. He came up with the term as a way to describe the Jewish nationalist movement that sought to establish a homeland for Jews in Palestine. Birnbaum was also an advocate for Yiddish as a language of Jewish culture and was a proponent of a cultural movement known as "Yiddishism."

Despite his accomplishments and contributions to Jewish culture and Zionism, Nathan Birnbaum faced significant personal struggles in his life. He suffered from depression and was institutionalized several times throughout his life. He also experienced financial difficulties, particularly later in life, and was forced to rely on the support of others.

Nathan Birnbaum's legacy as a pioneer of the Jewish cultural revival and as a key figure in the establishment of the Jewish State has continued to be celebrated in the years following his death. Today, he is remembered as an important figure in Jewish history and as a tireless champion of the Jewish people and their culture.

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David Josef Bach

David Josef Bach (August 13, 1874-January 30, 1947) was an Austrian journalist.

He began his career in journalism as a correspondent for various Austrian newspapers before becoming a staff writer at the Neue Freie Presse in Vienna. Bach's writing primarily focused on social and political commentary, and he was known for his insightful critiques of the political climate of Austria during the early 20th century. He was also an advocate for Jewish rights and education. Bach emigrated to the United States in 1938 following the Anschluss and continued his journalism career there, contributing to publications such as The Nation and The New Republic. Despite being a respected figure in the American media, Bach struggled with financial difficulties and ailing health until his death in 1947. His legacy as a pioneering journalist and champion for social causes continues to be celebrated today.

Bach's passion for journalism and advocacy for social causes was instilled in him at an early age. He grew up in a prominent Jewish family in Vienna, where his father was a successful banker and philanthropist. As the eldest son, Bach was expected to follow in his father's footsteps, but he instead pursued a career in journalism.

Bach's writing was highly regarded for its eloquence and ability to critique the status quo. He was a vocal opponent of autocratic regimes, such as the one that emerged in Austria following World War I, and wrote extensively about the dangers of fascism. Bach's prescient warnings about the rise of Nazi Germany were largely ignored by his contemporaries, but have since been recognized as a powerful example of early anti-fascist thought.

Throughout his career, Bach remained committed to Jewish causes. He was a member of numerous Jewish organizations and served on the board of the Jewish Publication Society. Bach also believed strongly in the value of education, and was instrumental in establishing the Vienna School of Journalism in 1925.

Bach's emigration to the United States was both a professional and personal decision. He had lost his job at the Neue Freie Presse due to his opposition to the Nazi regime and was in poor health. In the United States, Bach continued to write about politics and social issues, and became a regular contributor to The New Republic.

Despite his success in the United States, Bach faced numerous challenges. He struggled financially and was forced to sell his extensive collection of books and art. Bach's health also continued to deteriorate, and he died in 1947 at the age of 72.

Today, Bach is remembered as a pioneer of modern journalism and a staunch advocate for social justice. His work continues to inspire journalists and activists around the world.

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Joachim Edler von Popper

Joachim Edler von Popper (October 20, 1722-May 11, 1795) was an Austrian personality.

Born in Vienna, Austria, Joachim Edler von Popper was a successful entrepreneur and a prominent member of Viennese society during the 18th century. He was also a philanthropist and supported various charitable causes throughout his life.

Von Popper's success as an entrepreneur began with his family's textile business, which he expanded and modernized. He also invested in real estate, and his holdings included extensive property in and around Vienna. Later in life, Von Popper turned his attention to the production of porcelain and founded the Vienna Porcelain Manufactory.

In addition to his business interests, Von Popper was known for his involvement in cultural institutions. He served on the board of the Vienna Opera, and was a patron of the arts. He also worked to improve the education system in Vienna, supporting the founding of a number of schools and academies.

Von Popper was a member of the nobility, and was awarded the title of Edler (Noble) by Empress Maria Theresa in recognition of his contributions to Austrian society. He died in Vienna in 1795, leaving a significant legacy as a successful entrepreneur, philanthropist, and cultural patron.

Aside from his business and philanthropic pursuits, Joachim Edler von Popper was also a respected researcher in the field of botany. He was a member of the Imperial Academy of Sciences in Vienna and published several botanical studies. Von Popper was also known for his extensive art collection, which included works by famous painters such as Rembrandt and Rubens. His collection was sold after his death and became the basis for the art collection at the Museum of Fine Arts in Vienna. Today, Von Popper is remembered as a significant figure in the history of Vienna and Austria, both for his contributions to business and culture and for his philanthropy and patronage of the arts.

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Samuel Oppenheimer

Samuel Oppenheimer (June 21, 1630 Heidelberg-May 3, 1703 Vienna) was an Austrian personality.

He was a Jewish banker and court factor who held a significant role in financing the Habsburg monarchy throughout the late 17th century. Oppenheimer was renowned for his financial expertise, and his contributions to the Imperial coffers helped fund some of the most significant moments of the Habsburg dynasty, including the construction of Schönbrunn Palace in Vienna. Aside from his financial prowess, he was also a notable philanthropist who made significant contributions to Jewish communities in Austria and Germany. Oppenheimer's legacy is a testament to his impressive business acumen and dedication to serving both his clients and fellow Jewish citizens.

He was also known for his close relationships with high-ranking figures in the Habsburg court, including Emperor Leopold I, who granted Oppenheimer the rare privilege of a noble title. Oppenheimer's position as a court factor and trusted advisor also gave him considerable political influence, and he used his power to advocate for the protection of Jewish rights and interests. In addition to his financial and philanthropic contributions, Oppenheimer was also a patron of the arts, and he supported the work of prominent Austrian artists and musicians. Despite facing occasional persecution and discrimination due to his Jewish heritage, Oppenheimer's skill and influence allowed him to thrive in the complex political and economic landscape of the Habsburg Empire.

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Julius Schulhoff

Julius Schulhoff (August 22, 1825 Prague-March 15, 1898 Berlin) was an Austrian personality.

He was a renowned pianist, composer, and music educator of his time. Schulhoff was born in Prague in 1825, and at a young age, he exhibited exceptional musical talent. His father recognized his talent and provided him with proper musical education, training him under the guidance of some of the best music teachers of his time. Later, Schulhoff moved to Vienna to continue his musical education and hone his skills further.

As a pianist, he was known for his virtuosic performances, and he traveled extensively throughout Europe and the United States, performing in some of the most prestigious concert halls of the time. His compositions were also well received, and he wrote numerous works for the piano, chamber ensembles, and orchestra.

In addition to his performance and composition work, Schulhoff was a respected music educator. He held teaching positions in various institutions, including the Prague Conservatory and the Hochschule für Musik in Berlin. Schulhoff’s teaching style was highly esteemed, and he played a major role in the development of pianistic and compositional techniques of his time.

Overall, Julius Schulhoff was a significant figure in the music world of the 19th century, and his contributions as a pianist, composer, and music educator continue to be recognized and celebrated today.

Schulhoff's compositions were known for their originality and innovation. As a composer, he was influenced by the Romantic era but also incorporated elements of folk music from his native Bohemia. His music was characterized by its expressive melodies and sophisticated harmonies, and some of his most notable works include his Piano Concerto in F minor and his Piano Sonata in A minor.

Schulhoff was also a prolific writer and music critic. He wrote numerous articles on musical theory and aesthetics, and he was an advocate for the importance of music education at all levels. He believed that music had the power to enrich people's lives and bring them together, and he worked tirelessly to promote these values.

Despite his many accomplishments, Schulhoff's legacy was somewhat overshadowed by the rise of the Nazis in Germany. Schulhoff was Jewish, and his works were banned by the regime. He was eventually forced to flee Berlin, where he had spent much of his career, and he died in relative obscurity in Switzerland in 1898. However, in recent years, there has been renewed interest in Schulhoff's life and work, and his contributions to the music world are now being rediscovered and celebrated.

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Vicki Baum

Vicki Baum (January 24, 1888 Vienna-August 29, 1960 Hollywood) a.k.a. Hedwig Baum, Hedwig (Vicki) Baum or ויקי באום was an Austrian writer and nurse.

Baum was known for her novels, many of which were turned into successful films. Her most famous work is "Menschen im Hotel" (Grand Hotel), which won the Pulitzer Prize in 1933 and was adapted into an Academy Award-winning film in 1932. She also wrote "Stella Dallas", which was adapted into a film starring Barbara Stanwyck in 1937.

In addition to her writing, Baum was also a trained nurse and worked as a Red Cross volunteer during World War I. She eventually moved to the United States in 1932 and became a citizen in 1938. Baum continued to write throughout her life, and her works were translated into numerous languages.

During her time in the United States, Baum also worked as a screenwriter for MGM and Universal Studios. She wrote the screenplay for "Escape to Yesterday" (1935) and co-wrote the script for "Dance, Girl, Dance" (1940). Baum also wrote a number of non-fiction books and articles, including a memoir about her experiences as a war nurse titled "It Was All Quite Different" (1951). She was also known for her political activism, advocating for peace and nuclear disarmament. Despite her success as a writer, Baum faced criticism and prejudice due to her Jewish heritage, and her work was banned by the Nazi party in Germany. Today, she is remembered as one of the most influential Austrian writers of the 20th century.

She died in leukemia.

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Joseph Samuel Bloch

Joseph Samuel Bloch (November 20, 1850 Dukla-October 1, 1923 Vienna) was an Austrian personality.

He is known for his role as the first modern Jewish demographer and his contributions to the field of Jewish statistics. Bloch was a pioneer in the study of Jewish population trends, migration patterns, and cultural assimilation. He published numerous works on the topic, including "The Future of the Jews," which predicted a population decline among European Jews due to assimilation and intermarriage. In addition to his work in demography, Bloch was a notable philanthropist and served as the president of several Austrian Jewish organizations. Throughout his life, he advocated for the betterment of Jewish communities throughout Europe and beyond.

Bloch was also a strong supporter of Zionism and worked closely with Theodor Herzl, the founder of the movement. He served as the head of the Austro-Hungarian Zionist movement and was a delegate to several Zionist congresses. Bloch was also a member of Austrian Parliament, representing the Jewish National Party from 1907-1918. In recognition of his contributions to Jewish scholarship and philanthropy, Bloch was awarded the Order of Franz Joseph in 1917. Today, he is remembered as a pioneer in the field of Jewish demography and a tireless advocate for Jewish causes.

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Elfriede Blauensteiner

Elfriede Blauensteiner (January 22, 1931 Vienna-November 18, 2003 Vienna) also known as Black Widow was an Austrian personality.

Elfriede Blauensteiner was a notorious criminal and her nickname "Black Widow" came from her history of marrying men and then killing them for financial gain. She had a total of five husbands and three were murdered. Her first husband died in a car accident, her second husband was found dead in their apartment, and her third husband died from an electric shock in the bathtub. Blauensteiner was eventually arrested and sentenced to life in prison in 1991. Despite her crimes, she gained a certain level of celebrity status in Austria and a movie was made about her life in 1995.

Blauensteiner was born in Vienna and had a troubled childhood. Her mother was an alcoholic and her father was abusive to both her and her mother. She dropped out of school at a young age and got married for the first time when she was only 16 years old. From then on, she became known for her habit of marrying wealthy men, often targeting older and widowed individuals.

Blauensteiner's crimes began in the 1970s, when she was in her forties. Her second husband was found dead in their apartment with a gunshot wound to the head, but his death was initially ruled a suicide. Her third husband died in the bathtub from an electric shock and it was also initially believed to be an accident. However, suspicions were raised after her fourth husband went missing and was never found.

In 1986, investigators reopened the case of her second and third husbands and found evidence that she was responsible for their deaths. She was arrested and put on trial for murder in 1991. During her trial, it was revealed that she had used arsenic to poison her husbands and had forged their wills to inherit their wealth. She was found guilty and sentenced to life in prison.

Blauensteiner remained in prison until her death in 2003 at the age of 72. She continued to maintain her innocence throughout her time in prison and never expressed regret for her actions. Despite her crimes, she remains a somewhat infamous figure in Austria and the subject of books, articles, and even a song.

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Archduke Joseph Karl of Austria

Archduke Joseph Karl of Austria (March 2, 1833 Bratislava-June 13, 1905 Rijeka) also known as (Erzherzog) Joseph Karl (Ludwig) von Österreich or József Károly (Lajos) főherceg was an Austrian personality. He had seven children, Archduke Joseph August of Austria, Archduchess Maria Dorothea of Austria, Archduchess Margarethe Klementine of Austria, Archduke László of Austria, Archduchess Klothilde of Austria, Archduchess Elisabeth Klementine of Austria and Archduchess Elisabeth Klothilde of Austria.

Archduke Joseph Karl of Austria served as a general in the Austro-Hungarian army and played a significant role in the Austro-Prussian War of 1866. He was also a member of the House of Habsburg-Lorraine and held various positions in the Austrian government, including serving as Governor of Salzburg and Tyrol. In addition, he had a passion for botany and horticulture, and owned an extensive collection of plants and flowers. He is known for establishing a major horticultural center in the town of Alt Aussee, where he cultivated exotic plants from around the world. Archduke Joseph Karl died in Rijeka, Croatia at the age of 72.

Archduke Joseph Karl of Austria was born in Bratislava, then part of the Kingdom of Hungary, to Archduke Joseph, Palatine of Hungary and Duchess Maria Dorothea of Württemberg. He was the brother of Emperor Franz Joseph I of Austria and the uncle of Archduke Franz Ferdinand, whose assassination sparked World War I.

In addition to his military and political roles, Archduke Joseph Karl was also a writer, publishing works on the history and culture of Hungary. He was a patron of the arts, famously commissioning Gustav Klimt to paint portraits of his daughters.

Despite his high status and wealth, Archduke Joseph Karl was known for being down-to-earth and approachable. He ardently supported the idea of a unified Austria-Hungary and had a strong connection to both the Austrian and Hungarian people.

Archduke Joseph Karl's legacy lives on through his contributions to horticulture as well as his military and political accomplishments.

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Archduke Charles Stephen of Austria

Archduke Charles Stephen of Austria (September 5, 1860 Židlochovice-April 7, 1933 Żywiec) was an Austrian personality. He had six children, Archduke Wilhelm of Austria, Archduke Karl Albrecht of Austria, Archduchess Renata of Austria, Archduke Leo Karl of Austria, Archduchess Mechthildis of Austria and Archduchess Eleonora of Austria.

Archduke Charles Stephen was the third son of Archduke Karl Ferdinand of Austria, and thus a grandson of Emperor Leopold II. He had a distinguished career as a military commander, serving as the commanding general of the Austro-Hungarian Army during World War I. He was also a talented artist and a patron of the arts, with a particular interest in music, theater, and literature. In his later years, he retired to his estate in Żywiec, Poland, where he lived a quiet and peaceful life until his death in 1933. Despite his achievements and contributions, he is perhaps best known today for his role in the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand, which indirectly led to the outbreak of World War I.

Archduke Charles Stephen of Austria had a deep love and respect for nature and was actively involved in hunting and conservation efforts around his estate in Żywiec. He was also an avid sportsman, excelling in swimming, skiing, and rowing. In addition to his military and artistic accomplishments, he was a noted philanthropist and worked tirelessly to improve the lives of those less fortunate. He founded numerous charitable organizations and supported the development of hospitals, schools, and orphanages throughout Austria and Poland. Archduke Charles Stephen's legacy continues today through the many cultural institutions he helped to establish and the countless lives he touched with his compassion and generosity.

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Willy Meisl

Willy Meisl (December 26, 1895 Vienna-June 12, 1968 Locarno) was an Austrian journalist.

He was also a writer, historian and football enthusiast. Meisl was known for his expertise in football tactics and for his contributions to football journalism. In his early career, he worked for numerous Austrian newspapers and eventually became the editor-in-chief of the sports section of the Wiener Allgemeine Zeitung in the 1920s. Meisl was also a respected author, having written several books about football and its history. He was one of the co-founders of the Austrian Football Association and served as its secretary-general from 1927 to 1938. Due to his Jewish heritage, he was forced to flee Austria during the annexation of Austria by Nazi Germany. Meisl eventually settled in Switzerland, where he continued his writing career and remained active in football.

Meisl was particularly known for his contributions to the development of football tactics. He was a strong advocate of the "Danubian School" of football, which emphasized short, quick passes rather than long, high balls. Meisl's expertise in the field allowed him to have a significant impact on the evolution of football strategy. His work also influenced the football culture in Austria and beyond.

In addition to his work in journalism and football administration, Meisl was an accomplished author. He wrote several books, including "The History of Football," which is still considered a seminal work in the field. Meisl's writing was marked by his detailed knowledge of football history and his love for the sport.

Meisl's legacy in football is still felt today. He was posthumously inducted into the Austrian Football Hall of Fame in 2009. He is remembered as a pioneer of football journalism and as one of the most influential figures in the history of Austrian football.

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Henri Hiltl

Henri Hiltl (October 8, 1910 Vienna-November 25, 1982) was an Austrian personality.

He was the founder of the vegetarian restaurant Hiltl in Zurich, Switzerland, which is still in operation today and is the oldest vegetarian restaurant in the world. Hiltl was inspired to become a vegetarian after meeting a woman who was a follower of the Seventh-day Adventist Church, which promotes plant-based diets. After moving to Zurich in the 1930s, Hiltl opened a restaurant that served vegetarian cuisine, which quickly became popular with locals and tourists alike. Today, the Hiltl restaurant offers more than 100 dishes and has won numerous awards for its innovative vegetarian cuisine. Henri Hiltl's legacy continues to inspire individuals and businesses who promote healthy, sustainable, and plant-based lifestyles.

In addition to being a successful restaurateur, Henri Hiltl was also a noted artist and musician. He studied piano in Vienna and continued to play music throughout his life, often performing at his restaurant. Hiltl was also a painter and created abstract works that were exhibited in galleries in Switzerland and Germany. He believed that vegetarianism was not just about the food, but also about living a more ethical and compassionate lifestyle. Hiltl was known for his kind and generous personality, and his restaurant has become a symbol of Swiss hospitality and vegetarianism. Today, Hiltl is considered a luminary in the vegetarian movement and his restaurant continues to attract visitors from all over the world.

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Alois Schnabel

Alois Schnabel (February 27, 1910-September 20, 1982) was an Austrian personality.

He was a renowned classical pianist and music educator, known for his interpretations of Mozart, Schubert, and Beethoven. Schnabel began playing piano at a young age, and he made his debut at age 11 with the Vienna Symphony Orchestra. He went on to study at the Akademie für Musik und darstellende Kunst in Vienna, where he honed his skills under the tutelage of renowned pianist Arthur Schnabel, who was also his father.

Throughout his career, Alois Schnabel performed extensively in Europe, North America, and Asia, and he was particularly celebrated for his insightful readings of Mozart's piano concertos. In addition to his performing activities, Schnabel was a respected music educator, teaching at the Mozarteum University of Salzburg, the Juilliard School in New York, and the University of Michigan. He was also a published author on musical pedagogy, and his work has been widely studied and referenced in music education circles.

Schnabel passed away in 1982 at the age of 72, but his legacy as a performer and educator continues to be celebrated by musicians and music lovers around the world.

Some notable recordings of Alois Schnabel's performances include his interpretations of Mozart's Concerto No. 20 in D minor, Beethoven's Sonata No. 8 in C minor, and Schubert's Impromptus Op. 90. Schnabel was also a prolific chamber musician, collaborating with other notable performers such as cellist Pierre Fournier and violinist Nathan Milstein. Aside from his musical career, Alois Schnabel was also a World War II veteran, having served in the German army on the Eastern Front. After the war, he settled in the United States and became a naturalized citizen. Schnabel was married to the soprano Irene Jessner and their son is the pianist and conductor Leon Fleisher.

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Philipp Meitner

Philipp Meitner (January 1, 1838-September 1, 1910) was an Austrian lawyer. He had one child, Lise Meitner.

Philipp Meitner was born in Koberdorf, Moravia, which was then part of the Austrian Empire. He studied law at the University of Vienna and later worked as a lawyer in Vienna. In 1869, he married Hedwig Skovran, with whom he had one child, Lise Meitner, who later became a renowned physicist.

Throughout his career, Philipp Meitner was involved in various legal cases, often representing Jewish clients who were discriminated against or persecuted. He was known for his strong commitment to justice and human rights.

Philipp Meitner passed away in Vienna at the age of 72. His daughter Lise Meitner went on to become one of the most prominent physicists of her time, and her groundbreaking research on nuclear fission paved the way for the development of atomic energy.

Philipp Meitner's commitment to justice and human rights extended beyond his legal practice. He was an active member of various Austrian and international organizations that advocated for social justice, equality, and civil liberties. Meitner's dedication and activism inspired his daughter Lise Meitner, who credited her father's influence as one of the reasons for her own strong moral compass and commitment to fighting injustice. Philipp Meitner's legacy has continued through his daughter, whose scientific achievements and advocacy for peace have inspired generations of scientists and social activists. In recognition of Philipp Meitner's contributions to the legal profession and social justice, the Austrian Bar Association established the Philipp Meitner Prize, which is awarded annually to lawyers who have made outstanding contributions to promoting human rights and defending the rights of marginalized groups.

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Cölestin Josef Ganglbauer

Cölestin Josef Ganglbauer (August 20, 1817 Schiedlberg-December 14, 1889 Vienna) was an Austrian personality.

He was a bishop and cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church, serving as the Archbishop of Vienna from 1869 until his death. Ganglbauer was a prominent figure in the church and played an important role in the development of Catholicism in Austria in the late 19th century.

Born in Schiedlberg, Austria, Ganglbauer was ordained a priest in 1842 and served in various positions throughout the country before being appointed as the Archbishop of Vienna in 1869. During his tenure, he worked to modernize the archdiocese and strengthen the church's position in Austrian society. He also oversaw the construction of several new churches and schools in Vienna.

Ganglbauer was a strong advocate for Catholic education and established a number of schools and seminaries throughout the country. He was also known for his social outreach efforts, especially for the poor and disadvantaged in Vienna. Ganglbauer was a respected figure in both the church and the wider Austrian society and is remembered as a devoted and compassionate leader.

In addition to his contributions to the church, Ganglbauer was involved in political advocacy. He supported the idea of Catholic political parties and was active in promoting the rights of Catholics in Austria. He also spoke out against anti-Semitism and worked to counter the growing influence of secularism in Austrian society. Ganglbauer was made a cardinal in 1884 in recognition of his contributions to the church and his advocacy for the Catholic community in Austria. He continued to serve as the Archbishop of Vienna until his death in 1889. Today, Ganglbauer is remembered as one of the most influential figures in the history of the Catholic Church in Austria and is seen as an important advocate for social justice and compassion.

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