English musicians died at 80

Here are 20 famous musicians from England died at 80:

Billy Butlin

Billy Butlin (September 29, 1899 Cape Town-June 12, 1980 Jersey) a.k.a. William Edmund Butlin was an English personality.

He was a famous entrepreneur who is best known for founding Butlin's, a chain of British holiday camps. Born in Cape Town, South Africa, Butlin moved to Canada with his family as a child and then later to the UK. He worked in various odd jobs including a fairground boxer and a travelling salesman before opening his first holiday camp in Skegness in 1936. The success of the Skegness camp led to the opening of several more camps across the UK. During World War II, Butlin turned his holiday camps into military camps to assist in the war effort. After the war, he continued to expand the Butlin's chain and ventured into other businesses including amusement parks, hotels, and seafront attractions. Butlin was a well-known figure in the UK and was known for his flamboyant style and his love of luxury cars, yachts, and diamonds. He was awarded an OBE in 1964 for his services to tourism. Today, Butlin's holiday camps are still in operation and continue to be a popular holiday destination in the UK.

Despite his wealth, Butlin was known for his charitable work and donated large sums of money to various causes. He also established the Billy Butlin Youth Foundation, which provided funding and support for underprivileged children to have access to educational and recreational opportunities. In addition to his business ventures, Butlin was also involved in politics and stood as a Conservative candidate for Skegness in the 1950 and 1951 general elections.

Butlin died in Jersey in 1980 at the age of 80. His legacy continues to live on through the Butlin's holiday camps and the Billy Butlin Youth Foundation.

Butlin was married three times and had three children. He was known for his extravagant lifestyle, which included owning multiple homes, a private jet, and a Rolls-Royce with personalized license plates that read "BB1." Butlin was also an avid collector of art and antiques, and his collection was valued at over £1 million at the time of his death. In addition to his business and philanthropic endeavors, Butlin was also a keen sportsman and enjoyed golfing and horse racing. He was a member of the Royal Automobile Club and served as president of the British Travel Association. Today, Butlin is remembered as a pioneer of British tourism and his legacy continues to inspire entrepreneurs and philanthropists around the world.

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Matthew Boulton

Matthew Boulton (September 3, 1728 Birmingham-August 17, 1809 Birmingham) was an English engineer and manufacturer. He had one child, Matthew Robinson Boulton.

Boulton is best known for his partnership with Scottish engineer James Watt. Together, they developed and improved the steam engine, which was crucial to the Industrial Revolution. Boulton also founded the Soho Manufactory, a factory that produced high-quality metalwork, silverware, and other luxury goods. He was a member of the Lunar Society, a group of prominent intellectuals and scientists who met regularly to discuss scientific and philosophical ideas. Later in life, Boulton became a member of parliament and was also recognized for his contributions to science and engineering as a fellow of the Royal Society.

In addition to his partnership with James Watt, Matthew Boulton was also known for his collaborations with other leading scientists and inventors of his time, including Benjamin Franklin and Joseph Priestley. Boulton was particularly interested in developing new technologies to improve production processes, and he invested heavily in research and development at his Soho Manufactory. His innovations in manufacturing and engineering helped to make Birmingham one of the most important industrial centers in England. Outside of his professional pursuits, Boulton was also an avid collector of art and antiquities, and he donated many works to the Birmingham Museum and Art Gallery. Today, Boulton is remembered as one of the foremost figures of the Industrial Revolution and an early pioneer of modern manufacturing.

Boulton was born in Birmingham, England, into a family of metalworkers. He started working in his father's business at a young age and later studied in London to learn more about the craft. In 1761, he established his own business, The Soho Manufactory, which quickly became one of the most successful manufacturing plants in England.

Apart from manufacturing, Boulton was also interested in art and design. He assembled a vast collection of art and antiques, some of which are now part of the collection at the Victoria and Albert Museum in London. Boulton was also a patron of prominent artists and designers of his time, including the Wedgwood pottery factory and the painter Joshua Reynolds.

Boulton's success allowed him to live a luxurious life, and he had close connections to royalty and the upper classes. His name became synonymous with high-quality luxury goods, and his creations were highly sought after by the elite of his time.

After his death in 1809, his son, Matthew Robinson Boulton, continued to run the family business, which eventually closed in 1850. Today, Boulton's legacy lives on through his innovations in manufacturing and his contributions to the Industrial Revolution.

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Cyril Garbett

Cyril Garbett (February 6, 1875 Tongham-December 31, 1955 West Riding of Yorkshire) was an English personality.

He was an Anglican bishop who served as the Archbishop of York from 1942-1955. Garbett was educated at Sir Roger Manwood's School and later at Corpus Christi College in Oxford. After his ordination, he served in various positions including as a curate in Maidstone and as the Principal of the theological college in Kenya. Garbett's tenure as Archbishop of York was marked by his active role in advancing the Christian faith and his efforts to support the Church's mission both in the UK and overseas. He also played a key role in guiding the Church of England during the Second World War, providing spiritual and moral leadership to the people of his diocese. Garbett's work and service to the Church earned him numerous honors including a knighthood in 1938 and the Order of Merit in 1954.

In addition to his religious duties, Cyril Garbett was also active in social and political issues. He was a strong advocate for interfaith dialogue and was involved in the establishment of the Council of Christians and Jews in 1942. Garbett also spoke out against the rise of fascism in Europe during the 1930s and supported the efforts of British troops during World War II. In his later years, he became known as a prolific writer and published several books on Christianity and spirituality, including "The Claims of Christ" and "Some Principles of Prayer". Garbett passed away in 1955 at the age of 80, leaving behind a legacy of service and dedication to his faith and community.

During his time as Archbishop of York, Cyril Garbett was a vocal advocate for social justice and worked to improve living conditions for the poor. He also played an instrumental role in the founding of the World Council of Churches in 1948, which aimed to promote cooperation and unity between different Christian denominations. Garbett was deeply involved in the Anglican Church's missionary work, particularly in Africa, and was a strong supporter of the decolonization movements that arose during his lifetime. He believed that the Church had a crucial role to play in promoting peace and reconciliation between different groups and worked tirelessly to foster understanding and cooperation across cultural and religious boundaries. In recognition of his many achievements, Garbett was awarded honorary degrees from several universities, including Oxford and Cambridge. He continues to be remembered for his tireless work in support of the Anglican Church and his dedication to promoting social justice and interfaith dialogue.

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H. D. G. Leveson Gower

H. D. G. Leveson Gower (May 8, 1873 Titsey Place-February 1, 1954 Kensington) was an English personality.

H.D.G. Leveson Gower, also known as "Shrimp" due to his small stature, was a prominent figure in British sports and social circles. He was an accomplished cricketer, playing for the Marylebone Cricket Club (MCC) and England, and was a member of the winning team in the 1902 Ashes series against Australia.

Outside of cricket, Leveson Gower was a successful businessman, serving as a director of several companies including Harrods, the famous London department store. He was also a keen golfer and founder of the Sunningdale Golf Club.

Leveson Gower was an important figure in the development of the sport of field hockey. He helped to establish the Hockey Association in 1886, and later became its president. In recognition of his contributions to the sport, the Hockey Association Cup was renamed the Leveson Gower Cup in his honor.

As a member of the aristocracy, Leveson Gower was well-connected within society, and his social circle included many prominent figures of the time. He was known for his wit and charm, as well as his love of partying and practical jokes. Leveson Gower never married and had no children, but he remained a popular and well-respected figure until his death in 1954.

In addition to Leveson Gower's contributions to sports and business, he was also interested in politics. He served as a Member of Parliament for the Conservative Party from 1906 to 1910, representing the constituency of Sutherland. During World War I, he served as a lieutenant in the Grenadier Guards, and later as a liaison officer with the French Army. Leveson Gower was also a published author, writing several books on cricket and field hockey, as well as a memoir, "Twenty Years of House of Lords." He was a well-traveled individual, having visited many countries throughout his life. Despite his busy lifestyle, Leveson Gower was known for his generosity and philanthropy, particularly towards educational and sporting causes. Today, his legacy lives on, with the Leveson Gower Cup still being awarded to the winners of the Men's England Hockey Cup.

Leveson Gower was born into a wealthy family, the son of Granville Leveson-Gower, 1st Earl Granville, a prominent politician and diplomat. His family was closely connected to the British royal family, and he was educated at Eton College alongside future King George V. Leveson Gower remained close friends with the royal family throughout his life, and was a frequent guest at their residences. In addition to his sporting achievements, Leveson Gower was also a collector of rare books, manuscripts, and artwork. He had a particular interest in the works of William Shakespeare and was a member of the Shakespeare Society. Leveson Gower also served as president of the Zoological Society of London and was an avid animal lover. He kept a menagerie of exotic animals at his country estate, Ascott House, including a jaguar, a lion, and a zebra. Leveson Gower's life was celebrated in the 1959 book "Shrimp among the Anemones: A Portrait of H.D.G. Leveson Gower" by Clive Aslet.

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John Gilbert

John Gilbert (July 21, 1817 England-October 5, 1897) was an English personality.

He was a renowned writer, playwright, and actor who made significant contributions to 19th-century English literature and theater. Gilbert was born in London and began his career as a journalist before turning to playwriting. He wrote several successful plays, including "The Palace of Truth," which was a sensation in London and New York City. In addition to his success as a writer, Gilbert was also an accomplished actor, known for his dynamic performances and powerful stage presence. He appeared in many of his own plays, as well as others, and was highly sought after by theater companies. Towards the end of his career, he transitioned into film acting and appeared in several early silent films. His contributions to English literature and theater continue to be celebrated today.

Gilbert was also a prominent member of London's literary and artistic circles, and counted many famous writers and artists among his friends, including Charles Dickens and William Makepeace Thackeray. Despite his success, Gilbert was known for his humble and generous nature, and was greatly respected and admired by his peers. In addition to his prolific writing and acting career, he was also a devoted family man and had nine children with his wife, the actress Mrs. Anne Terry. His legacy as a playwright and actor continues to influence and inspire artists today, and he is considered to be one of the greatest figures in English theater history.

Gilbert's successful career as a playwright came at a time when theater was a major form of entertainment in London, and his works were often staged at the prestigious Drury Lane Theatre. He was known for his wit and humor, and his plays often tackled important social issues of the day, such as the role of women in society and the tensions between different social classes.

In addition to his work as a playwright and actor, Gilbert was also an accomplished painter, and his artwork was exhibited at the Royal Academy of Arts in London. He was a lifelong supporter of the arts, and contributed to the establishment of several important cultural institutions in England, including the Garrick Club, which was founded to support actors and theater professionals.

Despite his many accomplishments and accolades, Gilbert remained humble and dedicated to his craft throughout his life. He was widely respected for his artistic vision and his commitment to promoting the arts in England, and his contributions to the literary and cultural landscape of his country continue to be celebrated today.

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Randolph Sutton

Randolph Sutton (April 5, 1888-February 28, 1969) was an English singer.

He became a popular music hall performer during the 1920s and 30s, known for his humorous and cheerful style of singing. Sutton began his career in the entertainment industry as a child actor, but later shifted his focus to music. He released several popular recordings, including "The Big Brass Band from Brazil" and "Bye Bye Blackbird". Sutton was also a skilled comedian and actor, appearing in a number of films throughout the 1930s. Despite his success in entertainment, Sutton lived a relatively private life and little is known about his personal affairs.

Sutton was born in Liverpool, England to a musical family. His mother was a singer and his father played the piano, and they encouraged Sutton's interest in music from a young age. He began performing in local theatre productions as a child, and by the age of 16, he had joined a touring music hall troupe.

Throughout his career, Sutton became known for his upbeat and humorous style, which often incorporated physical comedy and dance. He was a frequent performer on BBC Radio during the 1920s and 30s and also made several successful tours of the United States.

In addition to his music and comedy, Sutton was a keen sportsman and an accomplished boxer. He was also a passionate supporter of the Conservative Party and performed at many of their political rallies.

Despite his popularity, Sutton's career began to decline in the 1940s, and he eventually retired from performing in the 1950s. He passed away in 1969 at the age of 80.

Sutton's legacy in the entertainment industry continues to be celebrated today. He is remembered as one of the greatest music hall performers of his era, known for his charming personality and infectious energy. His career played an important role in shaping the development of popular music and comedy in England during the first half of the 20th century.

In addition to his work on stage and screen, Sutton was also a philanthropist, and he supported a number of charitable causes throughout his life. He was particularly passionate about helping children and often performed benefit concerts to raise money for children's hospitals and orphanages.

Despite his success and fame, Sutton remained modest and grounded throughout his life. He never forgot his roots as a working-class boy from Liverpool, and he remained dedicated to his art and his audiences until the very end. Today, his music and comedy continue to inspire new generations of performers and entertainers around the world.

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Esmond Knight

Esmond Knight (May 4, 1906 East Sheen-February 23, 1987 London) otherwise known as Esmond Penington Knight was an English actor. His child is Rosalind Knight.

Esmond Knight initially trained as an artist before turning to acting in the 1920s. He made his stage debut in London in 1927 and soon established himself as a versatile actor who could play both classical and contemporary roles. In the 1930s, he appeared in several British films, including "Fire Over England" and "The Four Feathers".

During World War II, Esmond Knight served in the British Army and was wounded in 1941. He lost his sight and spent several years in a military hospital. Despite his disability, he continued to act and appeared in several films, including "The Red Shoes" and "The Sound Barrier". He also continued to work on stage, including performances with the Royal Shakespeare Company.

Esmond Knight was a versatile actor who worked in film, television and theatre. His last screen appearance was in the TV series "Doctor Who" in 1985. In addition to his acting career, he was also an accomplished painter, and several of his works are held in public collections. He passed away in 1987 in London.

Esmond Knight was honoured with an OBE (Order of the British Empire) in 1965 for his services to drama. He was also the co-founder of the British Actors' Equity Association in 1929, which aimed to improve working conditions for actors. During his extensive career, Esmond Knight acted alongside many famous actors and actresses, such as Laurence Olivier, Vivien Leigh, and Richard Burton. He was known for his distinctive voice and was often cast in roles that required a commanding presence. Despite losing his sight, Esmond Knight remained active in the entertainment industry and served as a source of inspiration for many. His daughter Rosalind went on to become a successful actress in her own right, known for her roles in "Carry On Nurse" and "About a Boy".

Esmond Knight's distinguished acting career spanned over five decades, and he appeared in over 70 films. Along with his extensive stage and screen credits, he also lent his voice to various radio productions. In the 1950s, Esmond Knight became a member of the newly-formed Royal Court Theatre company, and he starred in several of their productions. He was also a regular performer at the Old Vic Theatre in London.

An advocate for equal rights and opportunities for artists, Esmond Knight contributed to the establishment of the Arts Council in the UK. He was also actively involved in various charity organizations, including the Royal National Institute for the Blind, and the Actors' Charitable Trust.

Esmond Knight was married twice, first to Frances Clare and then to Australian actress Nora Swinburne. Alongside his daughter Rosalind, he also had two other children, Jonathan and Jennifer. Esmond Knight's contribution to the arts and his unwavering determination in overcoming his disability continue to be an inspiration to many in the industry.

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Julius Benedict

Julius Benedict (November 27, 1804 Stuttgart-June 5, 1885 Stuttgart) also known as Benedict, Julius was an English conductor.

His albums: The Romantic Piano Concerto, Volume 48: Benedict: Concerto in C minor, op. 45 / Concerto in E-flat major, op. 89 / Macfarren: Concertstück. Genres he performed include Opera.

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Jack Young

Jack Young (October 14, 1912 Paddington-February 5, 1993 St John's Wood) was an English personality.

He was best known for his work as a radio presenter on the BBC during the mid-20th century. Young began his career as a sports commentator, covering events such as boxing matches and football games. He later expanded his repertoire and became a popular host for a variety of radio programs, including music shows and talk shows. In addition to his work in broadcasting, Young was also a skilled musician and performed with several bands throughout his career. He retired from the BBC in 1970, but remained active in the entertainment industry and was often called upon for interviews and appearances. Young was widely respected for his knowledge and passion for music, and his contributions to the field of broadcasting continue to be celebrated today.

During his time at the BBC, Jack Young was known for his distinctive voice and charismatic on-air personality. He was a pioneering figure in the world of radio broadcasting, helping to popularize the medium in its early days. In addition to his work as a radio presenter, he also wrote several books on music and entertainment, showcasing his deep knowledge of these subjects.

Young's love of music extended beyond the radio studio, and he was a skilled pianist and composer. He often incorporated musical performances into his radio shows, showcasing both his own talents and those of up-and-coming artists. His passion for music was infectious, and he inspired a generation of listeners to explore different genres and styles.

After his retirement from the BBC, Young continued to play an active role in the entertainment industry. He appeared on television programs, gave lectures on music history, and wrote articles for various publications. He received numerous awards and honors throughout his career, including being appointed a Member of the Order of the British Empire in 1965.

Today, Jack Young is remembered as one of the most important figures in the history of British radio broadcasting. His legacy continues to inspire new generations of radio presenters and musicians, and his contributions to the field of music continue to be celebrated.

In addition to his work in broadcasting and music, Jack Young was also an accomplished athlete. He competed in several sports and was particularly skilled in boxing, even winning the Amateur Boxing Association light-heavyweight championship in 1936. His athletic prowess brought him further recognition and helped to establish him as a well-rounded personality.

Young's popularity extended beyond the media circles and he was widely regarded as a kind and generous person. He was known to support various charitable organizations and often lent his time and resources to causes that were close to his heart. His kindness and generosity were widely recognized, and he was seen as a positive role model for the younger generation.

Despite his incredible success and wide-ranging accomplishments, Young remained humble throughout his life. He saw his work as a passion and was grateful for the opportunities he had to share that passion with others. His dedication to his craft, combined with his natural charisma and kindness, made him a beloved figure not just in the entertainment industry, but in British society as a whole.

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John Hawkshaw

John Hawkshaw (April 9, 1811 Leeds-June 2, 1891 London) was an English engineer and civil engineer.

He is best known for his work as Chief Engineer of the Metropolitan Board of Works in London, where he oversaw the construction of major infrastructure projects such as the Thames Embankment and the London sewer system. Hawkshaw also had extensive experience in railroad engineering and was responsible for the design and construction of several railways across England, including the Severn Tunnel, which was the longest tunnel in the world at the time of its construction. Beyond his engineering achievements, Hawkshaw was a Fellow of the Royal Society and was knighted in 1873 for his contributions to the field of civil engineering.

Hawkshaw began his career as a surveyor and worked as an assistant on the construction of the Liverpool and Manchester Railway. He later joined the Great Western Railway and rose to become Chief Engineer, overseeing the expansion and modernization of their network. In addition to his work in England, he also designed and constructed railways in India and Ireland.

Hawkshaw was a respected figure in the engineering community, and he served as President of the Institution of Civil Engineers from 1862 to 1863. He was known for his innovative approach to engineering problems and was one of the first engineers to use reinforced concrete in a significant building project. In addition to his engineering work, he was also involved in philanthropy, donating money to various causes and serving on the boards of several charitable organizations.

After his death, Hawkshaw was remembered as one of the greatest civil engineers of his time. His legacy lives on through the many infrastructure projects he designed and constructed, which continue to serve as vital parts of modern transportation and sanitation systems.

Hawkshaw was also a prominent member of the Royal Society, where he published numerous papers on various topics related to engineering and civil engineering. He was also a member of several other professional organizations, including the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, the Royal Irish Academy, and the Institution of Civil Engineers in Ireland.

Throughout his career, Hawkshaw was recognized for his contributions to the field of civil engineering. In addition to being knighted in 1873, he was awarded the Albert Medal by the Royal Society of Arts in 1874, and was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society in 1874. In 1883, he received the Telford Medal from the Institution of Civil Engineers in recognition of his work on the Severn Tunnel.

Hawkshaw remained active in his work until the end of his life, and his achievements continue to be celebrated today. The John Hawkshaw Scholarship, which is awarded annually by the Institution of Civil Engineers, supports young engineers who are embarking on careers in the field of civil engineering.

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Charles Fox

Charles Fox (December 22, 1797-April 18, 1878 Falmouth) was an English businessperson and scientist.

Renowned for his contributions to the development of the electric telegraph, Charles Fox founded the electric telegraph company, which became a major player in the communications industry. From 1846 to 1857, he served as a member of parliament for the West Riding of Yorkshire. In addition to his scientific work, Fox was also a prominent civil engineer, involved in construction projects such as the Crystal Palace for the Great Exhibition of 1851 and the Royal Albert Bridge in Cornwall. Fox was actively involved in various philanthropic efforts and was particularly passionate about promoting education, having established several schools and scholarship funds for needy students.

Born in Derby, England, Charles Fox was the eldest son of a Quaker manufacturer. He received his early education at a Quaker school in Ackworth before beginning work in his father's textile business. Fox became interested in science at an early age, teaching himself chemistry and electrical engineering in his spare time. He soon began experimenting with various electrical devices, and in 1837, he co-founded the Electric Telegraph Company with fellow engineer William Fothergill Cooke.

Fox's contributions to the development of the electric telegraph were significant. He designed a number of key components, including insulated wire and terminals, that made the use of the telegraph more practical and reliable. Under his leadership, the Electric Telegraph Company grew rapidly and became a major force in the emerging telecommunications industry.

Beyond his work on the electric telegraph, Fox was a prolific civil engineer, working on a number of high-profile projects throughout his career. He designed and built bridges, railway stations, and other structures, including the Crystal Palace for the 1851 Great Exhibition. Perhaps his most famous project, however, was the Royal Albert Bridge in Cornwall, which he designed and built between 1854 and 1859. The bridge, which spans the River Tamar, remains a marvel of engineering to this day.

Fox's philanthropic work was equally impressive. He believed deeply in the power of education to transform lives, and he established several schools and scholarship funds for needy students. He was also actively involved in efforts to improve working conditions for factory workers and to promote peace and social justice.

Fox died in Falmouth, Cornwall, on April 18, 1878, at the age of 80. He was remembered as a brilliant scientist and engineer, a dedicated public servant, and a tireless advocate for the betterment of society.

In recognition of his achievements, Fox received numerous honors and awards during his lifetime. He was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society in 1841 and was later awarded its Royal Medal in 1857. Fox was also a member of the Institution of Civil Engineers and received its prestigious Telford Medal in 1874. Additionally, he was awarded an honorary degree from the University of Oxford in 1873. Today, Charles Fox is remembered as one of the foremost figures in the development of telecommunication technology and as a pioneer of modern civil engineering. His legacy continues to inspire scientists, engineers, and philanthropists around the world.

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Sir Nathaniel Wraxall, 1st Baronet

Sir Nathaniel Wraxall, 1st Baronet (April 8, 1751-November 7, 1831 Dover) was an English personality.

He was a writer, historian, and politician, who served as a Member of Parliament for Wallingford from 1780 to 1784. Wraxall is best known for his memoirs, which provide an invaluable historical record of the social and political life in England during the late 18th and early 19th centuries.

Born in Bristol, Wraxall was educated at Oxford University and became a member of the House of Commons at a relatively young age. During his political career, he was known for his conservative views and was highly critical of the French Revolution. He left politics in the mid-1780s and began traveling extensively throughout Europe.

Wraxall's travels led to the publication of several books, including "A Tour Through Some Parts of France, Switzerland, Savoy, Germany, and Belgium, During the Summer and Autumn of 1786" and "Historical Memoirs of My Own Time." His memoirs are considered to be highly entertaining and provide a wealth of information about the society and politics of his time.

In 1804, Wraxall was created a baronet by King George III for his contributions to literature and politics. He lived the remaining years of his life in retirement and died at his estate in Dover in 1831.

Despite his conservative views, Wraxall was highly regarded in intellectual circles and had many friends, including the likes of Samuel Johnson and Edmund Burke. He was also known for his love of art and collected many paintings throughout his life. In addition to his political career and travels, Wraxall was involved in various business ventures, including investing in the East India Company. His memoirs continue to be highly regarded by historians and provide a fascinating glimpse into the world of 18th and 19th-century England.

Wraxall's literary contributions extended beyond his memoirs. He also wrote a number of historical works, including "Posthumous Memoirs of His Own Time" and "A Short History of the Late Campaigns in Germany and France from 1807-1815," which chronicled the Napoleonic Wars. He also published several collections of travels and adventures, including "Memoirs of the Kings of France and Navarre" and "Memoirs of the Courts of Berlin, Dresden, Warsaw, and Vienna." Wraxall was an important figure in the literary and political circles of his time, and his works remain significant contributions to the historical record. In addition to his literary achievements, he was known for his philanthropic endeavors, donating generously to charities and causes he believed in.

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E. C. Bentley

E. C. Bentley (July 10, 1875 London-March 30, 1956 London) also known as Edmund Clerihew Bentley or E.C. Bentley was an English writer.

He was best known for his detective fiction, particularly the novel "Trent's Last Case," which is considered a classic of the genre. Bentley was also a journalist and literary critic, contributing to several publications throughout his career. In addition to his fiction writing, he also wrote poetry and essays on a variety of topics. Bentley was a close friend of G.K. Chesterton and was a member of the detection club, a group of prominent mystery writers. He was also the inventor of the clerihew, a humorous four-line poem that bears his name.

Bentley's family had a strong literary background; his father was a well-known classical scholar, while his mother was a children's author. He attended St. Paul's School and later Merton College, Oxford, where he met and became friends with G.K. Chesterton. After graduating, Bentley worked for several years as a journalist before turning to writing full-time. His first book, a collection of clerihews entitled "Biography for Beginners," was published in 1905.

In the years following his success with "Trent's Last Case," Bentley continued to write detective fiction, as well as more serious works such as "The Life and Letters of John Keats." He also wrote several plays, some of which were successful in the West End. In addition to his writing, Bentley was a member of the London County Council from 1909 to 1912 and served as its vice-chairman.

Throughout his career, Bentley maintained his friendship with Chesterton, and the two often collaborated on literary projects. Bentley was also an active member of the detection club, a group of notable mystery writers that included Agatha Christie and Dorothy L. Sayers. He died in London in 1956 at the age of 80.

After the success of "Trent's Last Case," Bentley wrote several more detective novels featuring the same protagonist, Philip Trent. He also wrote a popular series of short stories featuring another detective, Horatio Green. In addition to his own writing, Bentley edited several anthologies of detective fiction, including "The Second Century of Detective Stories" and "The Best Detective Stories of the Year." Bentley's influence on the detective genre can still be seen today, particularly in his use of irony and his focus on the psychology of the criminal. In addition to his literary pursuits, Bentley was an avid golfer and enjoyed playing bridge. He was also an accomplished amateur artist, and his illustrations were featured in some of his own works as well as in the works of others.

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Thomas Earnshaw

Thomas Earnshaw (February 4, 1749 Ashton-under-Lyne-March 1, 1829 London) was an English watchmaker.

He is widely regarded as a pioneer in the field of marine chronometry and is credited with inventing several key technologies used in the production of timepieces, such as the bimetallic compensation balance.

Earnshaw gained recognition in the horology world for his role in the creation of the chronometer, a timekeeping instrument used in navigation. He also designed several high-quality watches, which were highly sought after during his lifetime.

Earnshaw was a member of the Royal Society and received several awards for his work in horology. His legacy continues to live on, as his name has been used to brand a line of luxury watches.

Earnshaw was largely self-taught in the field of horology and began his career as an apprentice to a watchmaker in Manchester. He later moved to London and established his own workshop, where he began designing and producing watches.

In 1790, he unveiled his first marine chronometer, which he named the "No. 1." This timepiece quickly gained recognition for its accuracy and reliability, and Earnshaw received orders for his chronometers from the British Admiralty, as well as from notable explorers and navigators, such as Captain James Cook and Captain William Bligh.

In addition to his work on marine chronometry, Earnshaw made several other significant contributions to the field of horology. He is credited with improving the design of the balance wheel, which is a key component in the regulation of timekeeping in watches.

Earnshaw also developed a new method for determining precise longitude measurements, which relied on astronomical observations rather than the use of complicated mathematical calculations. This method became known as the "lunar distance method" and was widely adopted by navigators and explorers.

Earnshaw's legacy as a pioneering watchmaker and inventor of key horological technologies has continued to inspire and influence the field of horology to this day. His name remains synonymous with precision, accuracy, and innovation in timekeeping.

Earnshaw's innovative work in the field of horology led to his appointment as a Fellow of the Royal Society in 1805. He was also awarded the prestigious Copley Medal in 1808, which is the Royal Society's oldest and most prestigious scientific prize. Additionally, Earnshaw's expertise in the field of marine chronometry led to him being appointed as an advisor to the British Admiralty.In 1814, Earnshaw published a book titled "A New and Complete System of Universal Geography," which combined his knowledge of horology and geography. The book included detailed descriptions of his method for determining longitude, as well as other navigational techniques.Upon his death in 1829, Earnshaw's legacy continued to live on through his apprentices and students, who went on to become successful watchmakers and designers in their own right. Today, Earnshaw's name is synonymous with precision timekeeping and his inventions and designs continue to inspire watchmakers and collectors around the world.

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Joe Loss

Joe Loss (June 22, 1909 Spitalfields-June 6, 1990) also known as Loss, Joe was an English bandleader, musician, music arranger and composer.

His albums include Joe Loss Plays The Big Band Greats and In The Mood For Dancing. Genres he performed include Big Band and Swing music.

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Ephraim Longworth

Ephraim Longworth (October 2, 1887 England-January 7, 1968) was an English personality.

Ephraim Longworth was a professional footballer who played as a full-back for Liverpool and the England national team during the early 1900s. He also managed the US men's national soccer team in the 1920s and coached several American clubs. Longworth was known for his physicality, speed, and tenacity on the pitch and was considered one of the best full-backs of his era. After retiring from playing, he went on to become a successful coach and mentor to young footballers. Longworth's legacy in English and American football remains significant and he is remembered as a key figure in the international growth of the sport.

He was born in Lancashire, England and began his professional football career in 1902 with Preston North End. Longworth played for Liverpool from 1910 to 1928, where he made a total of 370 appearances and won two league championships in 1922 and 1923. During his time at Liverpool, he also played 3 times for the England national team. In 1924, Longworth retired from playing and began his coaching career.

Longworth managed the US men's national team from 1924 to 1926, leading them to a bronze medal at the 1924 Summer Olympics. He also coached several American soccer clubs including the New York Giants and Boston Wonder Workers. His coaching expertise helped shape the development of American soccer and contributed to its rise in popularity.

Outside of football, Longworth was an accomplished musician and played the violin. He also served in the British Army during World War I. Longworth passed away on January 7, 1968, in Liverpool, England, leaving behind a legacy as one of the greatest full-backs and football coaches of his time.

During his time as a coach in the United States, Longworth faced numerous challenges, including the lack of support for soccer and the popularity of American football. Despite this, he persevered and was known for his innovative coaching techniques and dedication to the sport. He was also instrumental in the establishment of the American Soccer League in 1921. Longworth's contributions to soccer in the US earned him a place in the National Soccer Hall of Fame in 1950.

Longworth's love for music was evident throughout his life. He often played the violin to relax and entertain himself and his teammates during team trips. He was also a member of the Liverpool Philharmonic Orchestra and played in several local bands.

Longworth's service in the British Army during World War I was also notable. He was severely injured during the war but managed to recover and continue his football career. He also wrote an article in the Liverpool Echo in 1915 on the importance of physical fitness for soldiers.

Overall, Ephraim Longworth's contributions to football and his dedication to spreading the sport globally have cemented his place in football history as not just a player, but also as a coach, innovator, and visionary.

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William Dugdale

William Dugdale (September 12, 1605 Shustoke-February 10, 1686) was an English personality. His child is called John Dugdale.

William Dugdale was a notable antiquarian and herald, known for his extensive research and publications on the history and genealogy of England. His most famous work is the Antiquities of Warwickshire, a comprehensive survey of the history, architecture, and geography of the county of Warwickshire. Dugdale was also a respected herald, serving as the Norroy King of Arms from 1660 until his death. His contribution to the field of heraldry was significant, including the creation of the Dugdale Roll, a record of the arms of English nobility from the reign of Edward III to the Restoration. Dugdale was a prominent figure in the world of English intellectual and social elite, and his work remains a valuable resource for historians and scholars today.

In addition to his work as an antiquarian and herald, William Dugdale was also an active member of parliament, representing Warwickshire in the House of Commons from 1660 to 1679. He was a staunch supporter of Charles II and the Restoration, and his political connections helped him to secure his position as Norroy King of Arms. Dugdale was also a member of the Royal Society and was known for his extensive network of correspondents, which included many notable scholars and intellectuals of his time. He was widely respected for his diligence and attention to detail, and his works continue to be consulted by historians and genealogists today. Dugdale died in 1686 and was buried in the chapel of St. John the Baptist in Shustoke.

Throughout his life, William Dugdale was dedicated to the pursuit of knowledge and the preservation of history. He conducted extensive research on the monuments and inscriptions in churches and burial grounds, travelling across England to gather information and collect data. He was also a skilled draftsman and published several works of topography, including a survey of St. Paul's Cathedral and a history of Warwick Castle.

Dugdale was widely recognized for his contributions to the study of English history and was appointed as a Gentleman Usher to Charles II in 1661. He was also awarded the honour of knighthood by the King in 1662, in recognition of his services to the crown and his accomplishments as an antiquarian and herald.

Aside from his professional pursuits, Dugdale was a devoted family man and was married twice. He had thirteen children, eight of whom survived to adulthood. His eldest son, John Dugdale, followed in his father's footsteps and became a successful antiquarian and herald in his own right.

Today, William Dugdale is remembered as one of the foremost historians and antiquarians of his time. His publications and research remain important sources for scholars and genealogists, and his legacy has had a profound influence on the study of English history and heraldry.

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Arthur Keen

Arthur Keen (January 23, 1835-February 8, 1915) was an English politician.

Keen was born in London and studied at King's College School and Trinity Hall, Cambridge. He was called to the bar in 1860 and became a Queen's Counsel in 1878. Keen entered politics as a Conservative and was elected as a Member of Parliament for South Essex in 1885, holding the seat until 1906. During his time in Parliament, Keen served as a member of the Royal Commission on Labour and was also an advocate for the rights of trade unions. Keen was also a philanthropist and worked to improve the conditions of the East End of London. He was knighted in 1895 for his service to the community.

After retiring from politics in 1906, Keen remained active in public life, serving as a Justice of the Peace and as Chairman of the London County Council's Fire Brigade Committee. He was also a member of the Metropolitan Water Board and played a key role in the development of London's water supply infrastructure. Keen was a noted collector of books and manuscripts, and his extensive library included many rare and valuable items. Upon his death in 1915, Keen bequeathed his collection to King's College, Cambridge, where it forms the basis of the Keen Library. Today, he is remembered as a distinguished lawyer, politician, and public servant who made important contributions to the welfare of London and its people.

In addition to his work on the Royal Commission on Labour, Arthur Keen also served as Chairman of the London Conciliation Board, which worked to settle disputes between employers and employees. Keen was also involved in education, serving as a member of the council of the University of London and as a governor of King's College School.

As Chairman of the London County Council's Fire Brigade Committee, Keen oversaw the development of London's firefighting capabilities, including the establishment of new stations and the acquisition of modern equipment. He also played a key role in the expansion of London's water supply network, working to secure new sources of water for the growing city.

Keen's philanthropic work extended beyond London as well. He was a generous supporter of the Church Missionary Society and the Colonial and Continental Church Society, which worked to promote Christianity and education in the British Empire and beyond.

Today, Keen is remembered as a prominent figure in Victorian and Edwardian England, whose contributions to law, politics, and public service continue to impact the lives of Londoners and others.

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Arthur Smith Woodward

Arthur Smith Woodward (May 23, 1864 Macclesfield-September 2, 1944 Haywards Heath) was an English personality.

Arthur Smith Woodward was an English paleontologist, considered one of the most influential figures in the study of fossil fish. He served as the Keeper of Geology at the British Museum of Natural History for more than 30 years and was responsible for expanding the museum's collection of fossils. Woodward was also a member of the Royal Society and a fellow of the Geological Society of London. In addition to his work in paleontology, he was an avid golfer and a respected member of the Royal and Ancient Golf Club of St. Andrews. Woodward was knighted in 1935 for his contributions to science.

Woodward's most notable work in paleontology involved the discovery of several important fish specimens, including Eusthenopteron foordi, which is considered a significant transitional form between fish and tetrapods. He also played a key role in identifying and describing the first known fossil coelacanth, a primitive fish once thought to be extinct but later found to still exist in modern times. In addition to his scientific contributions, Woodward was also known for his talent as an artist and illustrator, having created many detailed drawings and diagrams of the fossils he studied. He authored several important scientific papers and books, including "The Fossil Fishes of the English Chalk" and "Catalogue of Fossil Fishes in the British Museum (Natural History)". Woodward retired from his position at the British Museum in 1924 but continued to work as an honorary research associate until his death in 1944.

Throughout his career, Arthur Smith Woodward made significant contributions to the field of paleontology through his dedication and expertise. He was known for his meticulous work and attention to detail, traits that helped him make many important discoveries in the study of fossils. Woodward's legacy as a pioneering paleontologist continues to inspire and inform contemporary researchers in the field. In recognition of his contributions to science and his many accomplishments, several species of extinct fish have been named after him, including the Devonian fish Woodwardia and the Carboniferous shark Woodwardodus.

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Adrian Scott Stokes

Adrian Scott Stokes (December 23, 1854 Southport-November 30, 1935 London) a.k.a. Charles Adrian Scott Stokes or Adrian Stokes was an English personality.

He was a skilled landscape painter and a member of the Royal Academy. His father was a portrait painter and Scott Stokes followed in his footsteps, training at the South Kensington Schools and the Royal Academy Schools in London. His works were exhibited all over England, with many gaining critical acclaim. In addition to his work as an artist, Scott Stokes was also an accomplished writer and published several books on art and travel. He was married to the miniaturist and watercolourist Mary Helena Stokes and the couple traveled extensively throughout Europe, often painting and sketching the landscapes they encountered. Scott Stokes' work remains highly respected and sought after by art collectors and enthusiasts today.

Scott Stokes' artistic style was influenced by the French Impressionist movement, which emphasized the use of light and color to capture the fleeting moments of nature. He preferred to work outdoors, or en plein air, and often painted in the countryside of England or France. Some of his famous paintings include "Summer Evening, the Thames" and "An October Morning". He was also recognized for his portraits, including one of Queen Mary of Teck.

In addition to his art, Scott Stokes had a strong interest in social and political issues. He was a supporter of the Arts and Crafts movement, which sought to bring traditional craftsmanship back into the mainstream, and was involved in the creation of the Art Workers' Guild. He was also a member of the Fabian Society, a socialist organization that advocated for social reform.

Scott Stokes and his wife Mary were known for their hospitality and often hosted artistic and intellectual gatherings at their home in Kensington. They also had a significant art collection, which included works by Rembrandt, Claude Lorrain, and J. M. W. Turner.

After his death in 1935, Scott Stokes' work fell out of favor for a time, but has since been rediscovered and appreciated for its contribution to British landscape painting. Many of his paintings can be found in galleries and museums throughout the UK, including the Tate Britain and the Victoria and Albert Museum.

In addition to his contributions to the arts, Adrian Scott Stokes was also a philanthropist. He donated a substantial amount of money to the Royal Academy, the Art Workers' Guild, and other organizations. He was also a trustee of the National Gallery and the National Portrait Gallery, and played a key role in the acquisition of several important works of art for both institutions.

Scott Stokes' legacy lives on through his paintings, his writings, and his support of the arts. As a landscape painter, he captured the beauty and essence of the English countryside and the French countryside, creating timeless works that continue to inspire and captivate viewers today. His dedication to social reform and the arts helped shape the cultural landscape of England, making him one of the most important figures of his time.

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